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1897

Heinrich Quincke in 1897 reported the first cases of IIH shortly after he introduced the lumbar puncture into medicine. It was named pseudotumor cerebri in 1904 but was not well delineated clinically until the 1940's when cerebral angiography was added to pneumoencephalography to identify cases of cerebral mass lesions. Foley coined the term benign intracranial hypertension in 1955 but reports from the 1980's demonstrated a high incidence of visual loss 1) 2) and the term “benign” is no longer appropriate

1)
Corbett JJ, Savino PJ, Thompson HS, et al. Visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri. Follow-up of 57 patients from five to 41 years and a profile of 14 patients with permanent severe visual loss. Arch Neurol. 1982;39:461–474.
2)
Wall M, Hart WM, Jr., Burde RM. Visual field defects in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri) Am J Ophthalmol. 1983;96:654–669.
1897.txt · Last modified: 2018/11/14 08:07 by administrador