User Tools

Site Tools


central_lobe

Central lobe

The central lobe consists of the precentral gyrus and postcentral gyrus on the lateral surface and the paracentral lobule on the medial surface and corresponds to the sensorimotor cortex.

The coronal suture is closer to the precentral gyrus and central sulcus at its lower rather than at its upper end, but they are closest at a point near where the superior temporal line crosses the coronal suture. The arterial supply of the lower two-thirds of the lateral surface of the central lobe was from the central, precentral, and anterior parietal branches that arose predominantly from the superior trunk of the middle cerebral artery. The medial surface and the superior third of the lateral surface were supplied by the posterior interior frontal, paracentral, and superior parietal branches of the pericallosal artery and callosomarginal artery. The venous drainage of the superior two-thirds of the lateral surface and the central lobe on the medial surface was predominantly through the superior sagittal sinus, and the inferior third of the lateral surface was predominantly through the superficial sylvian veins to the sphenoparietal sinus or the vein of Labbé to the transverse sinus.

The pre- and postcentral gyri and paracentral lobule have a morphological and functional anatomy that differentiates them from the remainder of their respective lobes and are considered by many as a single lobe. An understanding of the anatomical relationships of the central lobe can be useful in preoperative planning and in establishing reliable intraoperative landmarks 1).


Brain mapping with direct electrical stimulation is usefull when the tumor is located near or has infiltrated the central lobe. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the surgical findings with direct electrical stimulation of the cortex and white matter under general anesthesia during surgery for brain tumors related to the central lobe.

We studied 42 patients operated on from June 2000 to June 2003. We analyzed surgical findings and details of brain mapping.

The mean value of the intensity of the stimulus was greater among those who presented motor deficit prior to surgery (p = 0.0425) and edema on MRI (p = 0.0468) or during anesthesia with continuous propofol (p = 0.001).

The functional mapping of the central lobe may be influenced by severe motor deficit, edema on MRI and propofol's anesthesia 2).

1)
Frigeri T, Paglioli E, de Oliveira E, Rhoton AL Jr. Microsurgical anatomy of the central lobe. J Neurosurg. 2015 Jan 2:1-16. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25555079.
2)
Brainer-Lima PT, Brainer-Lima AM, Brandt CT, Carneiro GS, Azevedo HC. [Intraoperative mapping of motor areas during brain tumor surgery: electrical stimulation patterns]. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2005 Mar;63(1):55-60. Portuguese. PubMed PMID: 15830066.
central_lobe.txt · Last modified: 2016/11/19 17:30 (external edit)