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internal_carotid_artery

Internal carotid artery

The internal carotid artery is a major paired artery, one on each side of the head and neck, in human anatomy. They arise from the common carotid artery where these bifurcate into the internal and external carotid artery; the internal carotid artery supplies the brain, while the external carotid nourishes other portions of the head, such as face, scalp, skull, and meninges.

The internal carotid arteries supply blood to the anterior three-fifths of cerebrum, except for parts of the temporal and occipital lobes.

Any decrease in the flow of blood through one of the internal carotid arteries brings about some impairment in the function of the frontal lobes. This impairment may result in numbness, weakness, or paralysis on the side of the body opposite to the obstruction of the artery.

Segments

Branches

The following are the branches of the internal carotid artery, listed by segment:

C1: Branches from the cervical portion - none.

C2: Branches from the petrous portion

Caroticotympanic artery or arteries

Artery of pterygoid canal (vidian artery)

C3: Branches from the lacerum portion - none

C4: Branches from the cavernous portion

The meningohypophyseal trunk, also known as the posterior trunk, is a branch of the C4 segment of the internal carotid artery.

C5: Branches from the clinoid portion - none

C6.

C7: Branches from the communicating portion

Posterior communicating artery

Anterior choroidal artery

Anterior cerebral artery (a terminal branch)

Middle cerebral artery (a terminal branch)

Pathology

internal_carotid_artery.txt · Last modified: 2018/08/15 10:55 by administrador