In complex intracranial aneurysm of the internal carotid artery a study showed that regardless of the graft type, the middle cerebral artery pressure (MCAP) ratio (MCAPR) was associated with low-flow related ischemic complications (LRICs), which were related to late neurological worsening (NW) in patients treated by high-flow Extra intracranial bypass surgery graft 1).
A study included 97 patients harboring a total of 99 unruptured aneurysms of the distal internal carotid artery (ICA) who underwent single-stent implantation and more than 1 session of conventional angiography during follow-up (midterm follow-up only, n = 70; midterm and long-term follow-up, n = 29) between January 2009 and April 2014. The luminal narrowing point was measured using a local thickness map (ImageJ plug-in).
Stent-assisted coil embolization caused dynamic luminal narrowing of approximately 82% of the parent artery diameter on average after 8 months, which was reversed to 91% after 25 months. In addition, luminal narrowing greater than 40% was noticed in 2 (7%) of the 29 patients who experienced spontaneous reversion without additional management during follow-up. Most luminal narrowing changes seen were diffuse.
Luminal narrowing after aneurysm stent-assisted coil embolization is a dynamic process and appears to be a spontaneously reversible event. Routine management of luminal narrowing may not cause adverse events that require additional treatment 2).