The results of microsurgical treatment for middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms (ANs) have been highly satisfying for decades, notoriously posing a challenge for interventional neuroradiologists. Following the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) study results, most centres across Europe and the USA switched to a “coil first” policy.
In the series of Dammann et al the risk for incomplete occlusion was higher for the endovascular approach 1).
Craniotomy for hematoma evacuation and aneurysm clipping is the treatment modality of choice for ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms with intracranial hematomas. Recent literature suggests that endovascular coil embolization followed by hematoma evacuation can be an acceptable alternative.
MCA aneurysm rupture with concomitant large intraparenchymal or sylvian fissure hematoma formation carries a grave prognosis. Simultaneous hematoma evacuation and aneurysm clipping with or without craniectomy can be an effective treatment modality 2).
A wide sylvian fissure opening, with either a proximal or distal start, has been standard for microsurgical management of middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms. However, extensive sylvian dissection is potentially associated with increased incidence of iatrogenic injury to the brain and neurovascular structures.
The focused sylvian opening is a less-invasive alternative to the classical wide sylvian opening for the microsurgical management of most MCA aneurysms 3).
There were no complications of temporal muscle atrophy, scar deformity, paresthesia, or pain around the scalp incision and frontalis palsy. This approach offers good surgical possibilities and little approach related morbidity in the clipping of incidental MCA aneurysms 4).