A neurosurgeon is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system including congenital anomalies, trauma, tumors, vascular disorders, infections of the brain or spine, stroke, or degenerative diseases of the spine.
The World Health Organization recommends one neurosurgeon for every 100,000 for adequate neurosurgical care. Whereas in the United States, there is a neurosurgeon for every 63,000 inhabitants, in Sub-Saharan Africa, the rate is approximately one neurosurgeon to 10 million. Additionally, as the limited neurosurgical services are restricted to large urban centers, more than 90 percent of the population, with limited transportation means, may not have access to such care in some regions.
In the early days of surgery of the nervous system the surgeon was purely an operator acting under the guidance of the neurologist, who took the responsibility for the localization of the lesion and for the extent of the operative procedure.
Several factors have converged to raise concern among program directors about attracting and training the next generation of neurosurgeons. These include the relatively new duty-hour regulations, the projected physician shortage, and the preference of many current medical students for controllable lifestyles. Attracting top talent into training programs may require innovations geared to Generation X such as policies supporting work-life balance, flexible work options, lots of feedback, mentoring programs, talented leadership, and standardized communication strategies during patient handoffs. Larger programmatic changes may also be needed such as “competency-based” training and additional years of training for mastery of highly specialized procedures 1).
The Brain Surgeon By Oren Berkowitz
Dr. David Singer is a rising star brain surgeon. He did all the right things and made all the right sacrifices to get to where he is. Despite everything he has going for him, he finds himself struggling to balance his career with his newly growing family. His one-track focus is jarred by a budding friendship with a special patient who holds a mirror up to his own life. In the hypercompetitive, high stakes, and unforgiving world of neurosurgery, is it possible to find some kind of balance?
Published on: 2016-11-13
About the Author
Dr. Berkowitz is the Director of Research and afounding faculty member of the Boston University School of Medicine PhysicianAssistant Program. He holds a PhD in Epidemiology from the University ofPittsburgh and has practiced for many years as a PA in neurosurgery. Dr.Berkowitz is a researcher and a medical educator who has published numerousworks in neurosurgery and healthcare research journals. He lives with his wifeand son in Boston, Massachusetts.