Uematsu et al. from the Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan, previously reported that phosphorylated-heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is released from the thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP)-stimulated platelets of diabetic patients. In the present study, they investigated the role of Rac in the TRAP-elicited release of phosphorylated-HSP27 from human platelets.
Platelet aggregation was measured using an aggregometer with laser scattering. Protein phosphorylation was analyzed by Western blotting. The levels of phosphorylated-HSP27 and platelet-derived growth factor-AB (PDGF-AB) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.
NSC23766, an inhibitor of Rac-guanine nucleotide exchange factor interaction, suppressed the TRAP-elicited release of phosphorylated-HSP27 as well as platelet aggregation. The TRAP-induced phosphorylation of HSP27, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) was attenuated by NSC23766. SB203580, a p38 MAPK inhibitor, but not SP600125, a JNK inhibitor, suppressed the release of phosphorylated-HSP27 in addition to HSP27 phosphorylation. On the other hand, both SB203580 and SP600125 reduced the TRAP-stimulated secretion of PDGF-AB. CONCLUSION: