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see World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System

see Collision tumor

Primary tumor


Intracranial tumor

Spinal tumor

Peripheral nerve tumor

Skull tumor

The genetic landscape of tumors is continually evolving, which can be an impediment to the clinical management of cancer patients with recurrent disease 1) 2).


Better visualization (surgical microscope), intraoperative MRI and imaging-based navigational systems (with or without technologies to account for brain shift) have improved the ability of neurosurgeons to identify tumor and to distinguish it from normal tissues.

Gerlinger M, Swanton C. How Darwinian models inform therapeutic failure initiated by clonal heterogeneity in cancer medicine. Br J Cancer. 2010 Oct 12;103(8):1139-43. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6605912. Epub 2010 Sep 28. Review. PubMed PMID: 20877357; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2967073.
Greaves M, Maley CC. Clonal evolution in cancer. Nature. 2012 Jan 19;481:306.
tumor.txt · Last modified: 2017/01/21 18:20 (external edit)