Since its initial description by Hibbs and Swift in 1929 1) , lumbar fusions have been widely used to correct structural defects and degeneration of the lumbar spine, a common ailment in the geriatric population 2) 3).
In 1929, N.N. Burdenko and a neurologist V.V. Kramer founded the first neurosurgical clinic in Moscow, which was reorganized to the Institute of Neurosurgery in 1932. The Institute has come a long way through military and peaceful years, overcoming all sorts of obstacles. It has constantly developed, built, and modernized, and now this is the National Medical Research Center of Neurosurgery 4).
Penfield W. Neurosurgery. Can Med Assoc J. 1929 May;20(5):521-2. PubMed PMID: 20317340; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1710525. 5).