see 1928 - 1930

The Kernohan notch phenomenon was first described by James Watson Kernohan, born 1897, Irish-born American pathologist in 1929 after an autopsy study revealed a notched cerebral peduncle from a contralateral herniation syndrome. 1).

Stienen et al. reviewed the original publication of Otto Veraguth in 1929 reporting on the successful resection of a lumbar disc herniation, published exclusively in the German language. His early report is put into the historical context, and its impact on the understanding of pathologies of the intervertebral disc (IVD) is estimated. The Swiss surgeon and Nobel Prize laureate Emil Theodor Kocher was among the first physicians to describe the traumatic rupture of the IVD in 1896. As early as 1909 Oppenheim and Krause published 2 case reports on surgery for a herniated lumbar disc 2).

Since its initial description by Hibbs and Swift in 1929 3) , lumbar fusions have been widely used to correct structural defects and degeneration of the lumbar spine, a common ailment in the geriatric population 4) 5).

In 1929, N.N. Burdenko and a neurologist V.V. Kramer founded the first neurosurgical clinic in Moscow, which was reorganized to the Institute of Neurosurgery in 1932. The Institute has come a long way through military and peaceful years, overcoming all sorts of obstacles. It has constantly developed, built, and modernized, and now this is the National Medical Research Center of Neurosurgery 6).

Penfield W. Neurosurgery. Can Med Assoc J. 1929 May;20(5):521-2. PubMed PMID: 20317340; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1710525. 7).

Gobert F, Baars JH, Ritzenthaler T, Afathi M, Boulogne S, André-Obadia N, Dailler F. Diagnosing Kernohan-Woltman notch phenomenon by somatosensory evoked potentials in intensive care unit. Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 Nov 22;129(1):254-257. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2017.11.009. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29223102.
Stienen MN, Surbeck W, Tröhler U, Hildebrandt G. Little-known Swiss contributions to the description, diagnosis, and surgery of lumbar disc disease before the Mixter and Barr era. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Dec;19(6):767-73. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.SPINE121008. Epub 2013 Sep 27. PubMed PMID: 24074509.
Zdeblick TA. A prospective, randomized study of lumbar fusion. Preliminary results. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993;18(8):983–991.
Endres S, Aigner R, Wilke A. Instrumented intervertebral or posterolateral fusion in elderly patients: clinical results of a single center. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2011;12:189.
Deyo RA, Gray DT, Kreuter W, Mirza S, Martin BI. United States trends in lumbar fusion surgery for degenerative conditions. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005;30(12):1441–1445; discussion 1446-1447.
Potapov AA, Likhterman LB, Danilov GV. [Neurosurgery in Moscow: clinic - institute - ational center]. Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko. 2019;83(1):5-16. doi: 10.17116/neiro2019830115. Russian. PubMed PMID: 30900684.
Penfield W. Neurosurgery. Can Med Assoc J. 1929 May;20(5):521-2. PubMed PMID: 20317340; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1710525.
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