Written with Louise Eisenhardt and published in 1938, Meningiomas is a monograph of incredible description and detail. The meticulous categorization of meningiomas, their presentation, clinical outcome, and surgical therapies are even further supplemented by Cushing's personal commentary, questions, and recollections. Cushing's genius was evident in his ability not only to make insightful clinical observations, but also to synthesize these ideas within the neurosurgical context of his era. As he says in Meningiomas, “Thus the pathological curiosity of one day becomes in its proper time a commonplace… most of which are one and the same disorder–had, for their interpretation, to await the advent of the Neurosurgeon 1).
In 1938, Harvey Cushing and Eisenhardt reported the first surgical experience with sphenoid ridge meningiomas. On the basis of clinical observations and anatomic characteris tics obtained during surgery or autopsy in 53 patients, they divided sphenoid ridge meningiomas into four categories:
1) Tumors of the deep or clinoidal third
2) Middle-ridge tumors,
3) En plaque pterional tumors
4) Global pterional tumors 2)
Walker AE. The thalamus of the chimpanzee: IV. Thalamic projections to the cerebral cortex. J Anat. 1938 Oct;73(Pt 1):37-93. PubMed PMID: 17104750; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1252530 4).
German WJ, Trask JD. CUTANEOUS INFECTIVITY IN EXPERIMENTAL POLIOMYELITIS : INCREASED SUSCEPTIBILITY AFTER NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES. J Exp Med. 1938 Jun 30;68(1):125-45. PubMed PMID: 19870771; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2133661 5).