In 1958, Cloward 1) pioneered the ventral approach to the cervical spine. With his technique, it was easy to remove the disc and fuse the level by placing a bone dowel between the vertebral bodies.

Several modifications have been described to the original procedure developed by Smith and Robinson for ACDF 2)

In 1958, Niemeyer described a more selective approach to the hippocampus and amygdala through the middle temporal gyrus 3).

The Odom criteria, established in 1958, are a widely used, 4-point rating scale for assessing the clinical outcome after cervical spine surgery 4).

In 1958, four visionary Swiss surgeons shared a common goal: to conduct research into bone healing within a structured, coordinated study group. It was effectively the birth of the AO (Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen—literally translated, “working group for bone fusion issues”).

Year over year, its scope has expanded to keep pace with rapid developments in musculoskeletal surgery and patient care, and in 1984 the AO Foundation was formally established.

see AOSpine.

In 1958 Gillingham popularized wrapping with cotton or muslin 5). An analysis of 60 patients showed that 8.5% rebled in ≤ 6 mos, and the annual rebleeding rate was 1.5% thereafter 6) (similar to the natural history)

Cloward RB. The anterior approach for removal of ruptured cervical disks. J Neurosurg. 1958;15:602–17.
Smith GW , Robinson RA . The treatment of certain cervical-spine disorders by anterior removal of the intervertebral disc and interbody fusion. The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. 1958;40(3):607–624. doi:10.2106/00004623-195840030-00009
Niemeyer P, Baldwin M, Bailey P. The transventricular amygdala-hippocampectomy in temporal lobe epilepsy. In: Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Springfield: Charles C Thomas; 1958:461–482
Odom GL, Finney W, Woodhall B: Cervical disc lesions. JAMA 166:23-28, 1958
Gillingham FJ. The Management of Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms. Hunterian Lecture. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1958; 23:89–117
Todd NV, Tocher JL, Jones PA, et al. Outcome Following Aneurysm Wrapping: A 10-Year Follow-Up Review of Clipped and Wrapped Aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 1989; 70:841–846
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