1985

1985

1984-1986

Intrathecal baclofen was first introduced in 1985 to manage childhood hypertonia.


Cerebellar mutism (CM) was first described by Rekate et al. in 1985 following posterior fossa surgery in children 1).


In 1985 Van Gijn and co-workers were the first to describe a particular subgroup of patients who presented with an acute subarachnoid hemorrhage with the clot seen on computed tomography (CT) confined to the perimesencephalic cisterns and adjacent subarachnoid spaces.

All of the 13 patients in this series had negative cerebral angiograms and followed a benign clinical course with excellent outcome 2)


The House Brackmann score carries the name of the Dr John W. House and Dr Derald E. Brackmann, otolaryngologists in Los Angeles, California, who first described the system in 1985 3).


In 1985, Takeshi Kawase published an anterior petrosal approach to expose the posterior cranial fossa and to minimize retraction of the temporal lobe.


1)
Rekate HL, Grubb RL, Aram DM, Hahn JF, Ratcheson RA. Muteness of cerebellar origin. Arch Neurol. 1985;42:697–8. doi: 10.1001/archneur.1985.04060070091023.
2)
van Gijn J, van Dongen KJ, Vermeulen M, Hijdra A. Perimesencephalic hemorrhage: a nonaneurysmal and benign form of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurology. 1985 Apr;35(4):493-7. doi: 10.1212/wnl.35.4.493. PMID: 3982634.
3)
House JW, Brackmann DE. Facial nerve grading system. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1985;93(02):146–147
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