User Tools

Site Tools



The Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF) is a national non-profit organization founded in 1986 whose mission is to translate neuroscience into effective solutions.

The Spetzler-Martin AVM grading system published in 1986 assigned one to three points for AVM size, one point for involvement of eloquent cortex, and one point for deep venous drainage for a total of five points. In their retrospective study, Spetzler and Martin retrospectively applied their scoring scale to 100 AVM patients. Higher Spetzler-Martin grade demonstrated a direct correlation between post-operative neurologic deficit as well as an inverse correlation between likelihood of surgical resection 1).

Maurice-Williams and Choksey reported in 1986 three cases of temporal horn entrapment: A recurrent glioma, a previous tuberculous meningitis and surgical excision of an intracranial arteriovenous malformation which extended into the trigone. Shunting of the trapped temporal horn provided satisfactory treatment 2).

Spetzler RF, Martin NA. A proposed grading system for arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg. 1986 Oct;65(4):476-83. PubMed PMID: 3760956.
Maurice-Williams RS, Choksey M. Entrapment of the temporal horn: a form of focal obstructive hydrocephalus. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1986 Mar;49(3):238-42. PubMed PMID: 3958736; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1028721.
1986.txt · Last modified: 2018/10/23 17:50 by administrador