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In 2000 Stummer et al published that Five-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-derived fluorescence was approved for fluorescence-guided resections of malignant gliomas, relying on selective synthesis and accumulation of protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) within malignant glioma cells 1).

In 1995, the Brain Trauma Foundation developed the first TBI Guidelines with the assistance of a group of international experts in the field. The goal was to offer the latest research on which to build protocols that would improve the survival and outcomes of TBI patients. With the publication of the Guidelines for the Management of Severe Head Injury, the benchmark for evidence-based guidelines in Neurosurgery and other surgical specialties was set. These Guidelines were updated in 2000 under the title Management and Prognosis of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury with the addition of a new section entitled Early Indicators of Prognosis in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons and the World Health Organization’s Committee on Neurotrauma have endorsed each document, joined by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons and AANS/CNS Joint Section on Neurotrauma and Critical Care.

Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor was originally described a histological variant of Wilm’s tumor in 1978.

Primary intracranial diseases were initially reported in 1987 and subsequently, defined as a distinct CNS neoplasm in 1996 and added to the World Health Organization (WHO) Brain Tumor Classification in 2000 (grade IV).

The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) is an index is derived from the Oswestry Low Back Pain Questionnaire used by clinicians and researchers to quantify disability for low back pain.

The ODI is a 10-item score from 0 to 100 that encompasses limitations in activity, sleeping, social life, work, and personal care resulting from low back pain. Higher scores indicate more severe disability.

This validated questionnaire was first published by Jeremy Fairbank et al. in Physiotherapy in 1980 2).

The current version was published in the journal Spine in 2000 3).

Stummer W, Novotny A, Stepp H, Goetz C, Bise K, Reulen HJ (2000) Fluorescence-guided resection of glioblastoma multiforme by using 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced porphyrins: a prospective study in 52 consecutive patients. J Neurosurg 93:1003–1013
Fairbank JC, Couper J, Davies JB, O'Brien JP. The Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire. Physiotherapy. 1980 Aug;66(8):271-3. PubMed PMID: 6450426.
Fairbank J. Revised Oswestry Disability questionnaire. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Oct 1;25(19):2552. PubMed PMID: 11013514.
2000.txt · Last modified: 2019/10/03 22:35 by administrador