Treating these patients by correcting the shunt's valve could be enough, but should be monitored, as it may fail to resolve the Chiari malformation even years after treatment
Three possible strategies have been described:
To put a valve to a valveless shunt.
To resite the shunt.
To decompress the craniocervical junction.
Putting a valve to an LP shunt or resiting it could be an efficient solution to isolated ACMs. However, these techniques could not be enough when ACM is associated with syringomyelia, as symptoms did not resolve or could even get worse after a short or long follow- up. Craniocervical junction’s decompression could be required days or even years after shunt revision. It is also reported that isolated ACM could be treated by posterior fossa decompression alone, with good clinical and radiological outcome. Thus, a good and long follow-up after surgery is required, as a clinical relapse could lead to recite the shunt 1).