User Tools

Site Tools


acute_subdural_hematoma

Acute subdural hematoma ASDH

An acute subdural hematoma (SDH) is a rapidly clotting blood collection below the inner layer of the dura but external to the brain and arachnoid membrane.

Subdural hematomas may be mixed in nature, such as when acute bleeding has occurred into a chronic subdural hematoma.

Types

Clinical features

Clinically evident or subclinical seizures are common manifestation in acute subdural hematoma (aSDH); however, there is a paucity of research investigating the relationship between seizures and aSDH.

Diagnosis

Generally, acute subdural hematomas are less than 72 hours old and are hyperdense compared with the brain on computed tomography scans.

Differential diagnosis

Hyperdense enhancing subdural effusion due to contrast extravasation has been recently described as a potential mimicker of acute subdural hematoma following a percutaneous coronary procedure.

Zamora and Lin report on 2 patients who presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage from ruptured cerebral aneurysms and who developed enhancing subdural effusions mimicking acute subdural hematomas after angiography and endovascular coil placement. In 1 case, the subdural effusions completely cleared but recurred after a second angiography. CT attenuation values higher than expected for blood, as well as the evolution of the effusions and density over time, allowed for differentiation of enhancing subdural effusions from acute subdural hematomas 1).

Treatment

Outcome

Case series

Case reports

2015

A 24-year-old female was admitted because of right sided partial seizure and acute or subacute subdural hematoma over the left cerebral convexity. She had no history of recent head trauma but performed headbanging at a punk rock concert at 3 days before admission. Since, she had a previous acute subdural hematoma on the same side after an accidental fall from a baby buggy when she was 11 months old, the present was recurrent subdural hematoma probably due to headbanging.

Headbanging has the hazardous potential to cause a subdural hematoma 2).

1)
Zamora CA, Lin DD. Enhancing subdural effusions mimicking acute subdural hematomas following angiography and endovascular procedures: report of 2 cases. J Neurosurg. 2015 Apr 24:1-4. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25909569.
2)
Nitta N, Jito J, Nozaki K. Recurrent subdural hematoma secondary to headbanging: A case report. Surg Neurol Int. 2015 Oct 7;6(Suppl 18):S448-S450. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 26664766.
acute_subdural_hematoma.txt · Last modified: 2019/07/03 22:14 by administrador