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Within cerebral white matter, water molecules tend to diffuse more freely along the direction of axonal fascicles than across them. Such directional dependence of diffusivity is termed anisotropy.

Anisotropy /ˌænaɪˈsɒtrəpi/ is property of being directionally dependent, as opposed to isotropy, which implies identical properties in all directions. It can be defined as a difference, when measured along different axes, in a material's physical or mechanical properties (absorbance, refractive index, conductivity, tensile strength, etc.) An example of anisotropy is the light coming through a polarizer. Another is wood, which is easier to split along its grain than against it.

anisotropy.txt · Last modified: 2015/11/07 13:07 (external edit)