In a study, Babaei-Ghazani et al., investigated the ultrasonographic reference values for the diameters and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the DBRN at the level of the arcade of Frohse in a healthy sample of the population.
Sixty-five healthy Caucasian volunteers (130 nerves) were recruited for this study. The reference range [mean ± 2 standard deviations (SD); 2.5th-97.5th quintiles] and the upper limit of the side-to-side difference were determined. The effects of age, gender, handedness, height, and body mass index were examined.
The mean age was 41.8 ± 11.2 years (range 18-75 years). The mean ± 2SD of the CSA was 0.50-1.42 mm2. The upper limit of the normal side-to-side difference was 0.35 mm2. The differences between males and females and between the dominant and non-dominant arms were not significant. The mean anteroposterior and transverse diameters were 0.83 ± 0.13 and 1.23 ± 0.29 mm, respectively. A significant correlation between the dominant-side CSA and age (r = 0.41; p < 0.001) was observed. The correlations between CSA and height (r = 0.19; p = 0.12) and body mass index (r = 0.22; p = 0.07) were not significant.
The measurements obtained in this study are valuable for examining DBRN pathologies using high-frequency ultrasound. The findings showed that age was associated with the DBRN CSA, while gender, height, and body mass index were not 1).