best_practices

Best practices

see Neurosurgical Practice Guidelines.


A best practice is a method or technique that has been generally accepted as superior to any alternatives because it produces results that are superior to those achieved by other means or because it has become a standard way of doing things, e.g., a standard way of complying with legal or ethical requirements.


Clinicians' trust level of evidence 1 recommendations, issued on preponderantly solid randomized clinical trials (RCTs), to guide best practice decision-making. However, sometimes physicians following one clinical practice guideline (CPG) find themselves in a situation in which they do not follow another, issued on the same strong evidence base. The aim of Volovici et al. is to reflect on the consistency of recommendations in different guidelines (between-guideline consistency). They also consider within-guideline consistency (or durability), defined as the number of recommendations carried over from one edition to another in consecutive editions of the same CPG. For illustration purposes, they use two examples: hypertension guidelines and traumatic brain injury guidelines. They conclude that just like research, CPGs also need to have between-guideline and within-guideline consistency (akin to the reproducibility of studies). Clinicians and researchers should take into account the lower consistency of guidelines that are not based on at least one strong RCT 1).


In an attempt to improve and standardize the use of cervical traction in pediatric patients, the authors have identified 49 best-practice recommendations, which were generated by reaching consensus among a multidisciplinary group of pediatric spine experts using a modified Delphi technique. Further study is required to determine if the implementation of these practices can lead to reduced complications and improved outcomes for children 2).


The majority of surgeons obtain preoperative head CTs in Patients With Craniosynostosis, whereas only 25% obtain CTs postoperatively, often to evaluate outcomes. Because outcomes may be evaluated clinically, this is a poor use of resources and exposes children to radiation. Consensus guidelines are needed to create best practices and limit unnecessary studies 3)


1)
Volovici V, Steyerberg EW. Lost in translation between evidence and recommendations: Expert opinion is needed to define “level I”. World Neurosurg. 2021 Mar 25:S1878-8750(21)00465-4. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2021.03.095. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33775869.
2)
Alexiades NG, Shao B, Braga BP, Bonfield CM, Brockmeyer DL, Browd SR, DiLuna M, Groves ML, Hankinson TC, Jea A, Leonard JR, Lew SM, Limbrick DD, Mangano FT, Martin J, Pahys J, Powers A, Proctor MR, Rodriguez L, Rozzelle C, Storm PB, Anderson RCE. Development of best practices in the utilization and implementation of pediatric cervical spine traction: a modified Delphi study. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2021 Apr 2:1-12. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.PEDS20778. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33799292.
3)
Makar KG, Garavaglia HE, Muraszko KM, Waljee JF, Vercler CJ, Buchman SR. Computed Tomography in Patients With Craniosynostosis: A Survey to Ascertain Practice Patterns Among Craniofacial Surgeons. Ann Plast Surg. 2021 Feb 12. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000002751. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33587463.
  • best_practices.txt
  • Last modified: 2021/04/15 21:30
  • by administrador