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capillary_hemangioma

Capillary hemangioma

Capillary hemangiomas are neoplasms involving skin and soft tissue in infants. These lesions rarely involved an intracranial space and reported age distribution ranges from infancy to middle age.

Case reports

2015

A 82-year-old woman presented with vomiting, reduced level of consciousness, and worsening mental state. Computed tomography showed a contrast-enhanced extra-axial lesion in the left frontal operculum, although no intracranial mass lesion was identifiable from magnetic resonance imaging taken 2 years earlier. Complete surgical excision was performed and histopathological examination diagnosed benign capillary hemangioma consisting of a variety of dilated capillary blood vessels lined by endothelial cells.

This is the first description of rapid growth of an intracranial capillary hemangioma in an elderly woman. These lesions are exceedingly rare in the elderly population, but still show the capacity for rapid growth. Complete excision would prevent further recurrence 1).

2014

A 58-year-old Caucasian man, who presented with a 4-month history of increasing low back pain and gait difficulty. Objective neurologic examination revealed a severe paraparetic symptomatology without any sphincter involvement.

Spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an extradural mass formation situated dorsally at the level of thoracic vertebrae T2 to T4.

A laminectomy was performed with total removal of the mass; histology suggested a highly vascularized lesion with lobular architecture, which seems a very rare case, compatible with a capillary hemangioma.

A careful follow-up for the next 4 years, including control MRIs every postoperative year, showed a very good neurologic condition of the patient and no recurrence on imaging findings 2).

1)
Okamoto A, Nakagawa I, Matsuda R, Nishimura F, Motoyama Y, Park YS, Nakamura M, Nakase H. Intracranial capillary hemangioma in an elderly patient. Surg Neurol Int. 2015 Oct 23;6(Suppl 21):S539-S542. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 26664868.
2)
Seferi A, Alimehmeti R, Vyshka G, Bushati T, Petrela M. Case study of a spinal epidural capillary hemangioma: a 4-year postoperative follow-up. Global Spine J. 2014 Feb;4(1):55-8. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1354251. Epub 2013 Aug 22. PubMed PMID:
capillary_hemangioma.txt · Last modified: 2015/12/16 16:04 (external edit)