Recurrent chest infection…
The study cohort comprised 27,990 patients aged ≥18 years with a first diagnosis of CS. The controls consisted of patients with propensity score matched for age, sex, and comorbidities at a ratio of 1:1.
Lin et al. investigated the relationships of CS with ischemic stroke and all-cause mortality. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The average follow-up duration was 6.13 (SD = 3.18) and 6.07 (SD = 3.19) years in the CS and non-CS cohorts, respectively.
The mean age of CS patients and non-CS patients was 54.9 ± 13.4 and 55.1 ± 14.9 years. Fifty-eight point five percent of CS patients and 59.2% of non-CS patients were women. CS patients were 1.46 folds more likely to develop a posterior circulation ischemic stroke (95% CI, 1.23-1.72) than non-CS patients. CS patients with myelopathy exhibited a 1.50-fold risk (95% CI, 1.21-1.86) of posterior circulation ischemic stroke compared with non-CS patients; CS patients without myelopathy were at a 1.43-fold risk (95% CI, 1.18-1.73) of posterior ischemic stroke compared with non-CS patients. The risk of posterior ischemic stroke was non-significant between non-CS patients and CS patients who had received spinal anterior decompression (adjusted HR, 1.66; 95% CI, 0.78-3.52), while receiving posterior decompression was associated with a 4.23-fold risk of posterior ischemic stroke (95% CI, 1.05-17.0).
This population-based study showed that CS is associated with an increased risk of posterior circulation ischemic stroke. Surgical posterior decompression was associated with the highest risk of posterior ischemic stroke 2).