clinical_practice_guidelines

Clinical practice guidelines

Clinical practice guidelines are systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances.” (Institute of Medicine, 1990)

These guidelines define the role of specific diagnostic and treatment modalities in the diagnosis and management of patients. The statements contain recommendations that are based on evidence from a rigorous systematic review and synthesis of the published medical literature.

These guidelines are not fixed protocols that must be followed, but are intended for health care professionals and providers to consider. While they identify and describe generally recommended courses of intervention, they are not presented as a substitute for the advice of a physician or other knowledgeable health care professional or provider.


Clinicians' trust level of evidence 1 recommendations, issued on preponderantly solid randomized clinical trials (RCTs), to guide best practice decision-making. However, sometimes physicians following one CPG find themselves in a situation in which they do not follow another, issued on the same strong evidence base. The aim of Volovici et al. is to reflect on the consistency of recommendations in different guidelines (between-guideline consistency). They also consider within-guideline consistency (or durability), defined as the number of recommendations carried over from one edition to another in consecutive editions of the same CPG. For illustration purposes, they use two examples: hypertension guidelines and traumatic brain injury (TBI) guidelines. They conclude that just like research, CPGs also need to have between-guideline and within-guideline consistency (akin to the reproducibility of studies). Clinicians and researchers should take into account the lower consistency of guidelines that are not based on at least one strong RCT 1).


1)
Volovici V, Steyerberg EW. Lost in translation between evidence and recommendations: Expert opinion is needed to define “level I”. World Neurosurg. 2021 Mar 25:S1878-8750(21)00465-4. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2021.03.095. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33775869.
  • clinical_practice_guidelines.txt
  • Last modified: 2021/04/07 20:54
  • by administrador