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concussion [2019/08/23 08:18]
administrador [Classification]
concussion [2019/08/23 08:19] (current)
administrador [Classification]
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 +====== Concussion ======
 +
 +===== Definition =====
 +
 +Concussion is a heterogeneous [[mild traumatic brain injury]] (mTBI) characterized by a variety of symptoms, clinical presentations,​ and recovery trajectories. ​
 +
 +A concussion is caused by an external force hitting the [[head]]. This can happen anywhere, anytime, and to anyone in situations like [[sport]]s games, [[car]] crashes, or falls. In the U.S. alone, reports estimate over 2.5 million cases of concussion annually.
 +
 +May be accompanied by temporary [[loss of consciousness]].
 +
 +Is identified in awake individuals.
 +
 +Has measures of neurologic and cognitive dysfunction.
 +
 +[[Brain Trauma Foundation]] developed this definition based on the most current evidence available. It is used by leading organizations,​ such as the NCAA.
 +
 +see [[Mild traumatic brain injury]].
 +
 +see [[Spinal cord concussion]].
 +
 +===== Classification =====
 +
 +Five concussion subtypes with varying prevalence within 3 d following injury are commonly seen clinically and identifiable upon systematic literature review. Sleep disturbance,​ a concussion-associated condition, is also common. There was insufficient information available for analysis of cervical strain. A comprehensive acute concussion assessment defines and characterizes the injury and, therefore, should incorporate evaluations of all 5 subtypes and associated conditions
 +((Lumba-Brown A, Teramoto M, Bloom OJ, Brody D, Chesnutt J, Clugston JR, Collins
 +M, Gioia G, Kontos A, Lal A, Sills A, Ghajar J. Concussion Guidelines Step 2:
 +Evidence for Subtype Classification. Neurosurgery. 2019 Aug 21. pii: nyz332. doi:
 +10.1093/​neuros/​nyz332. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31432081.)).
 +
 +1) cognitive
 +
 +2) ocular-motor
 +
 +3) headache/​migraine
 +
 +4) vestibular
 +
 +5) anxiety/​mood
 +
 +2 concussion-associated conditions: ​
 +
 +1) sleep disturbance
 +
 +2) [[cervical strain]].
 +
 +===== Concussion in motocross accident =====
 +
 +see [[Concussion in motocross accident]].
 +
 +===== Journal =====
 +
 +see [[Concussion Journal]]
  
concussion.txt ยท Last modified: 2019/08/23 08:19 by administrador