Cranial fasciitis is an uncommon, rapidly-growing, benign, non-tumoural, myofibroblastic lesion of the skull, found mainly among young children in their first year of life. It is histologically similar to nodular fasciitis and pseudosarcomatous fasciitis. It may mimic more aggressive pathologies, such as sarcomatosis or histiocytosis, due to its rapid, nodular growth in subcutaneous tissue. Complete resection is considered curative and, therefore, entails a low risk of metastases or malignant recurrences. We present the clinical, radiological and pathological findings in a 4-year-old boy with cranial fasciitis in the deep, subcutaneous, soft tissue, with erosion of the outer table of the cranium, which also produced periosteal reaction, while respecting the inner table and meninges. The objective of this article is to highlight the absence of radiotherapeutic or chemotherapeutic adjuvant treatment. In addition, an exhaustive review of the literature is also presented 1).