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CTLA4 or CTLA-4 (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4), also known as CD152 (cluster of differentiation 152), is a protein receptor that, functioning as an immune checkpoint, downregulates immune responses. CTLA4 is constitutively expressed in regulatory T cells but only upregulated in conventional T cells after activation - a phenomenon that is particularly notable in cancers.

It acts as an “off” switch when bound to CD80 or CD86 on the surface of antigen-presenting cells.

The CTLA-4 protein is encoded by the Ctla4 gene in mice and the CTLA4 gene in humans.

ctla-4.txt · Last modified: 2020/02/15 00:23 by administrador