The lateral ventricles are part of the ventricular system
Classified as part of the telencephalon, they are the largest of the ventricles.
Five parts can be described :
-The frontal horn anterior to the foramen of Monro
-The occipital horn a projection to the occipital horn
-The temporal horn a projection to the temporal lobe.
The subependymal arteries (SEAs) are tiny vessels that supply the walls of the lateral ventricle, as well as the caudate nucleus and the stria terminalis occasionally
The SEAs were found to range in diameter from 40 to 490 microm (mean, 149 microm) and in number between 3 and 12 (average, 5.2). Of these, numbers from 1 to 3 originated from the anterior choroidal artery (AChA), between 1 and 10 from the lateral posterior choroidal artery (LPChA), 1 from the medial posterior choroidal artery (MPChA), and 1 from the internal carotid artery. The SEAs most often arose from the choroidal branches (90%) and less frequently from the thalamic (30%), caudate (35%), or thalamocaudate twigs (20%). The SEAs of the AChA supplied the walls of the temporal horn (100%), the occipital horn (85%), and the atrium (35%). Those of the LPChA perfused the walls of the occipital horn (15%), the atrium (65%), the body of the ventricle (100%), and partially the frontal horn. The SEAs of the MPChA partially nourished the body and the frontal horn (10%). The SEAs may also occasionally supply the caudate nucleus (20%) and the stria terminalis. The anastomoses involving the SEAs were absent. In spite of this, ischemia in the territory of a single SEA was noticed in only 1% of the patients 1).
Lateral ventricle width is the prenatal imaging measurement that best predicts the need for postnatal CSF diversion 2)
The transcortical middle frontal gyrus approach is an excellent route for the excision of tumors in the ipsilateral anterior horn of the lateral ventricle, the anterior body of the lateral ventricle, and the anterior or superior third ventricle.