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mannheim

Mannheim

University Hospital Mannheim

Neurochirurgische Klinik Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim der Universität Heidelberg Klinikum Mannheim GmbH Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3 68167 Mannheim www.klinikum-mannheim.de


Prof. Dr. med. Daniel HÄNGGI Direktor Tel.: 0621/383-2360 Fax: 0621/383-2004 daniel.haenggi@umm.de

Germany

Wolf et al. from Mannheim prospectively collected data from 11 consecutive patients (10 men, mean age at DBS implantation 52.6 ± 14.0 years) with chronic DBS for dystonia (n = 7), Parkinson disease (n = 3), and essential tremor (n = 1) who underwent Implantable Pulse Generator IPG replacement switching from a CV NRC system (Activa® PC; Medtronic®) to a CC RC system (Vercise® RC; Boston Scientific®). Systematic assessments before and after IPG replacement were performed.

DBS technology switching at the time of IPG replacement due to battery depletion was at a mean of 108.5 ± 46.2 months of chronic DBS. No perioperative complications occurred. Clinical outcome was stable with overall mild improvements or deteriorations, which could be dealt with in short-term follow-up. Patients were satisfied with the new RC IPG.

This study confirms both the safety and feasibility of switching between different DBS technologies (CV to CC, NRC to RC, different manufacturers) in patients with chronic DBS. Furthermore, it shows how the management can be planned using available information from the previous DBS settings. Individual assessment is needed and might partly be related to the DBS target and the underlying disease. MR safety might be a problem with such hybrid systems 1).


Wenz et al., included all patients with moyamoya who underwent standard magnetic resonance imaging, including T2*-weighted images, in the Department of Neurosurgery, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany. between 1998 and 2015. Two independent readers evaluated magnetic resonance imaging scans to determine the occurrence of cMBs according to the Brain Observer Microbleed Scale. Demographics, initial symptoms leading to hospitalization, and associated diseases were obtained by chart review.

Overall, there was a total of 242 T2* studies of 101 included moyamoya patients available with a strong female predominance (69.3%). Eight patients (7.9%) were ≤18 years of age. We detected 25 cMBs within 13 patients (12.9%). One patient <18 of age was presented with a cMB; 2 of 3 patients with an intracranial hemorrhage as initial event demonstrated cMB(s). In 72 of 101 cases, there were 1719 person months of follow-up, with 3 adult patients showing 3 de novo cMBs in the course. The majority of cMBs (64.0%) were located at the cortex/gray-white junction.

Although the frequency of cMBs herein is much higher than the expected age-specific incidence, it is still much lower compared with previous reports on cMBs in moyamoya patients of Asian descent. These results might reflect another ethnic-specific difference in patients diagnosed with moyamoya 2).


401: Vajkoczy P, Farhadi M, Gaumann A, Heidenreich R, Erber R, Wunder A, Tonn JC, Menger MD, Breier G. Microtumor growth initiates angiogenic sprouting with simultaneous expression of VEGF, VEGF receptor-2, and angiopoietin-2. J Clin Invest. 2002 Mar;109(6):777-85. PubMed PMID: 11901186; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC150910.

402: Volz J, Heinrich U, Volz-Köster S. Conception and spontaneous delivery after total hypophysectomy. Fertil Steril. 2002 Mar;77(3):624-5. PubMed PMID: 11872224.

403: Krauss JK, Loher TJ, Pohle T, Weber S, Taub E, Bärlocher CB, Burgunder JM. Pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with cervical dystonia and severe cervical dyskinesias with cervical myelopathy. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2002 Feb;72(2):249-56. PubMed PMID: 11796777; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1737724.

404: Weigel R, Schilling L, Schmiedek P. Specific pattern of growth factor distribution in chronic subdural hematoma (CSH): evidence for an angiogenic disease. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2001 Aug;143(8):811-8; discussion 819. PubMed PMID: 11678402.

405: Horn P, Vajkoczy P, Bauhuf C, Münch E, Poeckler-Schoeniger C, Schmiedek P. Quantitative regional cerebral blood flow measurement techniques improve noninvasive detection of cerebrovascular vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2001;12(3):197-202. PubMed PMID: 11641584.

406: Thomé C, Vajkoczy P, Horn P, Bauhuf C, Hübner U, Schmiedek P. Continuous monitoring of regional cerebral blood flow during temporary arterial occlusion in aneurysm surgery. J Neurosurg. 2001 Sep;95(3):402-11. PubMed PMID: 11565860.

407: Thomé C, Schubert G, Piepgras A, Elste V, Schilling L, Schmiedek P. Hypothermia reduces acute vasospasm following SAH in rats. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2001;77:255-8. PubMed PMID: 11563301.

408: Horn P, Vajkoczy P, Thomé C, Muench E, Schilling L, Schmiedek P. Xenon-induced flow activation in patients with cerebral insult who undergo xenon-enhanced CT blood flow studies. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2001 Sep;22(8):1543-9. PubMed PMID: 11559502.

409: Vajkoczy P, Laschinger M, Engelhardt B. Alpha4-integrin-VCAM-1 binding mediates G protein-independent capture of encephalitogenic T cell blasts to CNS white matter microvessels. J Clin Invest. 2001 Aug;108(4):557-65. PubMed PMID: 11518729; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC209399.

410: Zevgaridis D, Medele RJ, Müller A, Hischa AC, Steiger HJ. Meningiomas of the sellar region presenting with visual impairment: impact of various prognostic factors on surgical outcome in 62 patients. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2001;143(5):471-6. PubMed PMID: 11482697.

411: Weigel R, Rittmann M, Krauss JK. Spontaneous craniocervical osseous fusion resulting from cervical dystonia. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2001 Jul;95(1 Suppl):115-8. PubMed PMID: 11453411.

412: Thomé C, Krauss JK, Zevgaridis D, Schmiedek P. Pyogenic abscess of the filum terminale. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2001 Jul;95(1 Suppl):100-4. PubMed PMID: 11453406.

413: Barth M, Schilling L, Schmiedek P. Time course of apoptotic cell death after experimental neurotrauma. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2000;76:121-4. PubMed PMID: 11449989.

414: Schütt S, Horn P, Roth H, Quintel M, Schilling L, Schmiedek P, Schüre L. Bedside monitoring of cerebral blood flow by transcranial thermo-dye-dilution technique in patients suffering from severe traumatic brain injury or subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurotrauma. 2001 Jun;18(6):595-605. PubMed PMID: 11437082.

415: Krauss JK, Faist M, Schubert M, Borremans JJ, Lücking CH, Berger W. Evaluation of gait in normal pressure hydrocephalus before and after shunting. Adv Neurol. 2001;87:301-10. Review. PubMed PMID: 11347235.

416: Piepgras A, Elste V, Frietsch T, Schmiedek P, Reith W, Schilling L. Effect of moderate hypothermia on experimental severe subarachnoid hemorrhage, as evaluated by apparent diffusion coefficient changes. Neurosurgery. 2001 May;48(5):1128-34; discussion 1134-5. PubMed PMID: 11334280.

417: Vajkoczy P, Menger MD. Vascular microenvironment in gliomas. J Neurooncol. 2000 Oct-Nov;50(1-2):99-108. Review. PubMed PMID: 11245285.

418: Vajkoczy P, Horn P, Bauhuf C, Munch E, Hubner U, Ing D, Thome C, Poeckler-Schoeninger C, Roth H, Schmiedek P. Effect of intra-arterial papaverine on regional cerebral blood flow in hemodynamically relevant cerebral vasospasm. Stroke. 2001 Feb;32(2):498-505. PubMed PMID: 11157189.

419: Niebergall-Roth E, Teyssen S, Niebel W, Singer MV. Pancreatic secretory response to intraileal amino acids: studies in dogs with an in situ neurally isolated ileum. Int J Pancreatol. 2000 Oct;28(2):83-90. PubMed PMID: 11128977.

420: Münch E, Horn P, Schürer L, Piepgras A, Paul T, Schmiedek P. Management of severe traumatic brain injury by decompressive craniectomy. Neurosurgery. 2000 Aug;47(2):315-22; discussion 322-3. PubMed PMID: 10942004.

421: Vajkoczy P, Menger MD, Vollmar B, Schilling L, Schmiedek P, Hirth KP, Ullrich A, Fong TA. Inhibition of tumor growth, angiogenesis, and microcirculation by the novel Flk-1 inhibitor SU5416 as assessed by intravital multi-fluorescence videomicroscopy. Neoplasia. 1999 Apr;1(1):31-41. Erratum in: Neoplasia 1999 Jun;1(2):183. PubMed PMID: 10935468; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1716058.

422: Vajkoczy P, Ullrich A, Menger MD. Intravital fluorescence videomicroscopy to study tumor angiogenesis and microcirculation. Neoplasia. 2000 Jan-Apr;2(1-2):53-61. Review. PubMed PMID: 10933068; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1531866.

423: Vajkoczy P, Roth H, Horn P, Lucke T, Thomé C, Hubner U, Martin GT, Zappletal C, Klar E, Schilling L, Schmiedek P. Continuous monitoring of regional cerebral blood flow: experimental and clinical validation of a novel thermal diffusion microprobe. J Neurosurg. 2000 Aug;93(2):265-74. PubMed PMID: 10930012.

424: Vajkoczy P, Menger MD, Goldbrunner R, Ge S, Fong TA, Vollmar B, Schilling L, Ullrich A, Hirth KP, Tonn JC, Schmiedek P, Rempel SA. Targeting angiogenesis inhibits tumor infiltration and expression of the pro-invasive protein SPARC. Int J Cancer. 2000 Jul 15;87(2):261-8. PubMed PMID: 10861485.

425: Vajkoczy P, Thurnher A, Hirth KP, Schilling L, Schmiedek P, Ullrich A, Menger MD. Measuring VEGF-Flk-1 activity and consequences of VEGF-Flk-1 targeting in vivo using intravital microscopy: clinical applications. Oncologist. 2000;5 Suppl 1:16-9. PubMed PMID: 10804086.

426: Horn P, Vajkoczy P, Thomé C, Quintel M, Roth H, Schilling L, Schmiedek P. Effects of 30% stable xenon on regional cerebral blood flow in patients with intracranial pathology. Keio J Med. 2000 Feb;49 Suppl 1:A161-3. PubMed PMID: 10750373.

427: Schilling L, Vatter H, Mursch K, Ehrenreich H, Schmiedek P. Characterization of the contractile and relaxant action of the endothelin-1 precursor, big endothelin-1, in the isolated rat basilar artery. Peptides. 2000 Jan;21(1):91-9. PubMed PMID: 10704724.

428: Schumacher S, Bross S, Scheepe JR, Alken P, Jünemann KP. Restoration of bladder function in spastic neuropathic bladder using sacral deafferentation and different techniques of neurostimulation. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1999;462:303-9. Review. PubMed PMID: 10599434.

429: Horn P, Münch E, Vajkoczy P, Herrmann P, Quintel M, Schilling L, Schmiedek P, Schürer L. Hypertonic saline solution for control of elevated intracranial pressure in patients with exhausted response to mannitol and barbiturates. Neurol Res. 1999 Dec;21(8):758-64. PubMed PMID: 10596385.

430: Vajkoczy P, Goldbrunner R, Farhadi M, Vince G, Schilling L, Tonn JC, Schmiedek P, Menger MD. Glioma cell migration is associated with glioma-induced angiogenesis in vivo. Int J Dev Neurosci. 1999 Aug-Oct;17(5-6):557-63. PubMed PMID: 10571417.

431: Abbasi HR, Weigel R, Sommer C, Schmiedek P, Kiessling M. Telepathology in neurosurgery. Stud Health Technol Inform. 1999;62:1-7. PubMed PMID: 10538335.

432: Vajkoczy P, Schürer L, Münch E, Schmiedek P. Penetrating craniocerebral injuries in a civilian population in mid-Europe. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 1999 Sep;101(3):175-81. PubMed PMID: 10536903.

433: Braun PM, Boschert J, Bross S, Scheepe JR, Alken P, Juenemann P. Tailored laminectomy: a new technique for neuromodulator implantation. J Urol. 1999 Nov;162(5):1607-9. PubMed PMID: 10524878.

434: Melander A, Olsson J, Lindberg G, Salzman A, Howard T, Stang P, Lydick E, Emslie-Smith A, Boyle DI, Evans JM, Macdonald TM, Bain J, Sullivan F; AD Morris for the DARTS/MEMO Collaboration, Juhl C, Pørksen N, Sturis J, Hollingdal M, Pincus S, Veldhuis J, Dejgaard A, Schmitz O, Kristensen JS, Frandsen KB, Bayer T, Müller P, Dunning BE, Paladini S, Gutierrez C, Deacon R, Valentin M, Grunberger G, Weston WM, Patwardhan R, Rappaport EB, Sargeant LA, Wareham NJ, Khaw KT, Zethelius B, Lithell H, Hales CN, Berne C, Lakka HM, Oksanen L, Tuomainen TP, Kontula K, Salonen JT, Dekker JM, de Boks P, de Vegt F, Stehouwer CD, Nijpels G, Bouter LM, Heine RJ, Bruno G, Cavallo-Perin P, Bargero G, D'Errico N, Borra M, Macchia G, Pagano G, Newton RW, Ruta DA, New JP, Wallace C, Roxburgh MA, Young RJ, Vaughan NJ, Elliott P, Brennan G, Devers M, MacAlpine R, Steinke D, Lawson DH, Decallonne B, Casteels K, Gysemans C, Bouillon R, Mathieu C, Linn T, Strate C, Schneider K, Funda DP, Jirsa M Jr, Kozáková H, Kaas A, Kofronová O, Tlaskalová-Hogenová H, Buschard K, Wanka H, Hartmann A, Kuttler B, Rasmussen SB, Sørensen TS, Markholst H, Petersen JS, Karounos D, Dyrberg T, Mabley JG, Haskó G, Szabó C, Seissler J, Nguyen TB, Steinbrenner H, Scherbaum WA, Cipriani R, Gabriele A, Sensi M, Guidobaldi L, Pantellini F, Cerrito MG, Scarpa S, Di Mario U, Morano S, Ceolotto G, Iori E, Baritono E, Del Prato S, Semplicini A, Trevisan R, Zerbini G, Meregalli G, Asnaghi V, Tentori F, Maestroni A, Mangili R, Marescotti C, Vedovato M, Tiengo A, Tadjieva J, Mankovsky BN, Van Aken S, Raes A, Vande Walle J, Matthys D, Craen M, Hansen HP, Lund SS, Rossing P, Jensen T, Parving HH; GENEDIAB Study Group, Andersen S, Tarnow L, Hansen BV, Trautner C, Haastert B, Ennenbach N, Willich S, Tabák ÁG, Orchard TJ, Spranger J, Preissner KT, Schatz H, Pfeiffer A, Cantón A, Burgos R, Hernández C, Lecube A, Mesa J, Segura RM, Mateo C, Simó R, Fathallah L, Greene DA, Obrosova I, Gilbert RE, Kelly DJ, Cox AJ, Berka-Wilkinson JL, Taylor HR, Panagiotopoulos S, Lee V, Jerums G, Cooper ME, Hitman GA, Aganna E, Ogunkolade WB, Rema M, Deepa R, Shanthi-Rani CS, Barakat K, Kumarajeewa TR, Cassell PG, McDermott MF, Mohan V, Ways K, Bursell S, Devries T, Woodworth J, Alatorre C, King G, Aiello LP, Karisen AE, Pavlovic D, Nielsen K, Jensen J, Andersen HU, Pociot F, Mandrup-Poulsen T, Eizirik DL, Nerup J, Lortz S, Tiedge M, Lenzen S, Lally FJ, Bone AJ, Darville MI, Ho YS, Sternesjö J, Sandler S, Chen MC, Schuit F, Pipeleers DG, Merezak S, Hardikar A, Hoet JJ, Remacle C, Reusens B, Bréant B, Garofano A, Czernichow P, Kubota N, Terauchi Y, Miki H, Tamemoto H, Yamauchi T, Nakano R, Komeda K, Eto K, Tobe K, Kimura S, Kadowaki T, Ide T, Murakami K, Tsunoda M, Mochizuki T, Ozanne SE, Nave BT, Wang CL, Dorling MW, Petry CJ, Koopmans SJ, van der Bent C, Que I, Radder JK, Sebokova E, Sana AK, Klimes I, Ruderman N, Morviducci L, Pastore L, Morelli S, Sagratella E, Zorretta D, Buongiomo A, Tamburrano G, Giaccari A, Martinenghi S, De Angelis GC, Ravasi F, Bifari F, Bordignon C, Falqui L, Kessler A, Dransfeld O, Sasson S, Tomas E, Zorzano A, Eckel J, Thorsby P, Rosenfalck AM, Kjems L, Hanssen KF, Madsbad S, Birkeland KI, Hamilton-Wessler M, Markussen J, Bergman RN, Melki V, Hanaire-Broutin H, Bessières-Lacombe S; GEDEC study group, Tauber JP, Home PD, Lindholm A, Riis A; European Insulin Aspart Study Group, Rosenstock J, Schwartz S, Clark C, Edwards M, Donley D; US Study Group of Insulin Glargine in Type 2 DM, Swift P, Mortensen HB, Lynggaard H, Hougaard P; Hvidøre Study group on Childhood Diabetes, Cull CA, Neil HA, Frighi V, Manley SE, Holman RR, Turner RC; UKPDS Group, Steiner G; DAIS Project Group, Davis WA, Weeraratna T, Bruce DG, Davis TM, Vergès B, Duvillard L, Pont F, Florentin E, Gambert P, Benko B, Ljubić S, Turk Z, Granić M, März W, Wollschläger H, Klein G, Neiss A, Wehling M, Huxtable SJ, Saker PJ, Walker M, Frayling TM, Levy JC, O'Rahilly S, Hattersley AT, McCarthy MI, Orecchio A, Giacchini A, Dominici R, Canettieri G, Trinti B, Zani M, Andreoli M, Sciacchitano S, de Silva AM, Whitecross K, Pasco J, Kotowicz M, Nicholson G, Zimmet P, Boyko EJ, Collier GR, Frittitta L, Pizzuti A, Argiolas A, Graci S, Goldfine ID, Bozzali M, Ercolino T, Costanzo B, Iacoviello L, Tassi V, Trischitta V, Wauters M, Rankinen T, Mertens I, Chagnon M, Bouchard C, Van Gaal L, Sivenius K, Valve R, Hakkarainen V, Niskanen L, Laakso M, Uusitupa M, Beridze N, Japaridze M, Kurashvili R, Dundua M, Kebuladze G, Kazakhashvili N, Offley-Shore B, Thomas B, Ghebremeskel K, Crawford M, Lowy C, Eriksson UJ, Martin Simán C, Wisse B, Gittenberger-de Groot AC, Wentzel P, Eriksson UJ, Wender-Ożegowska E, Drews K, Biczysko R, Bronisz A, Rość D, Graczykowska-Koczorowska A, Kotschy M, Sokup A, Kohnert KD, Besch W, Strese J, Frick U, Zander E, Kemer W, Škrha J, Kvasnička J, Kalvodová B, Hilgertová J, Schatteman K, Goossens F, Scharpé S, De Leeuw I, Hendriks D, Legakis IN, Panayiotou D, Mountokalakis TD, Enderle MD, Beckmann P, Balletshofer B, Rittig K, Maerker E, Volk A, Meisner C, Jacob S, Matthaei S, Häring HU, Rett K, Ueda K, Nakagawa T, Shimajiri Y, Kokawa M, Matsumoto E, Sasaki H, Sanke T, Nanjo K, McKinnon CM, Macfarlane WM, Docherty K, Furukawa N, Shirotani T, Kishikawa H, Kaneko K, Araki E, Shichiri M, Prentki M, Roduit R, Susini S, Buteau J, Ejrnæs AM, Andersen NA, Osterhoff M, Möhlig M, Ortmann J, Bikashaghi F, Mayer C, Bikashagi F, Ackermans MT, Pereira Arias AM, Bisschop PH, Endert E, Sauerwein HP, Romijn JA, Gastaldelli A, Baldi S, Pettiti M, Natali A, Frascerra S, Camastra S, Toschi E, Ferrannini E, Stingl H, Krssak M, Bischof MG, Krebs M, Fürnsinn C, Nowotny P, Waldhäusl W, Roden M, Neeft M, Meijer AJ, Båvenholm P, Pigon J, Efendic S, Kästenbauer T, Sauseng S, Sokol G, Auinger M, Irsigler K, Abbott CA, Carrington AL, Faragher B, Kulkarni J, Van Ross ER, Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG, Hadi S, Nguyen HC, Harkless LB, Jirkovská A, Kasalicky P, Hosová J, Skibova J, Uccioli L, Caselli A, Giacomozzi C, Macellari V, Giurato L, Lardieri L, Menzinger G, Pham HT, Rosenblum BI, Lyons TE, Giurini JM, Smakowski P, Chrzan JS, Habershaw GM, Veves A, Foster AM, Bates M, Doxford M, Edmonds ME, Kecha O, Winkler R, Martens H, Collette J, Lefèbvre PJ, Greiner D, Geenen V, Atlan-Gepner C, Naspetti M, Valéro R, Barad M, Lepault F, Vialettes B, Naquet P, de Galan B, Netea MG, Hancu N, Smits P, Van der Meer JW, Osterbye T, Jørgensen KH, Tranum-Jensen J, Fredman P, Høy M, Bokvist K, Olsen HL, Horn T, Gromada J, Laub R, Lohmann T, Hahn HJ, Adler T, Emmrich F, Rabuazzo AM, Lupi R, Dotta F, Patanè G, Marselli L, Realacci M, Piro S, Del Guerra S, Santangelo C, Navalesi R, Purrello F, Marchetti P, de Vos P, Visser L, de Haan BJ, Klok P, van Schilfgaarde R, Poppema S, Juang JH, Kuo CH, Hsu BR, Nacher V, Pérez M, Biarnés M, Raurell M, Soler J, Montanya E, Ritzel R, Maubach J, Büsing M, Becker T, Klempnauer J, Hücking K, Schmiegel WH, Nauck MA, Bouček P, Saudek F, Adamec M, Kožitarová R, Jedináková T, Vlasáková Z, Skibová J, Bartoš V, Maffi P, Bertuzzi F, Aldrighetti L, Taglietti MV, Castelnuovo A, Pozza G, Di Carlo V, Secchi A, Renier G, Mamputu JC, Gillespie JS, McMaster D, Mercer C, Trimble ER, Lecomte M, Véricel E, Paget C, Ruggiero D, Lagarde M, Wiernsperger N, Pricci F, Leto G, Amadio L, Cordone S, Iacobini C, Catalano S, Violi F, Rotella CM, Pugliese G, Zicari A, Gradini R, Sale P, Pala L, Cresci B, Giannini S, Manuelli C, Dahlfors G, Arnqvist HJ, Gonelle-Gispert C, Halnan PA, Sadoul K, Wolter S, Lang J, Niwa T, Yu W, Hidaka H, Senda T, Niki I, Fukasawa T, Renstrom E, Barg S, Seward E, Rorsman P, Rutter GA, Molinete M, Lilla V, Ravazzola M, Halban PA, Efanov AM, Bertorello AM, Zaitsev SV, Zwiller J, Berggren PO, MŞengül A, Salman F, Sargrn M, Özer E, Karşidaǧ K, Salman S, Gedik S, Satman I, Dinççaǧ N, Yılmaz MT, Lloyd A, Hopkinson PK, Testa MA, Blonde L, Turner RR, Hayes J, Simonson DC, van der Ven NC, Lubach CH, Snoek FJ, Mollema ED, van der Ploeg HM, Danne T, Hoey H, McGee H, Fitzgerald H, Lernmark B, Thernlund G, Fredin K, Hägglöf B, Lugari R, Dell'Anna C, Ugolotti D, Dei Cas A, Barilli AL, Sard L, Marani B, Iotti M, Zandomeneghi R, Gnudi A, Kjems LL, Volund A, Toft-Nielsen M, Damholt MB, Hilsted L, Hughes TE, Krarup T, Holst JJ, Young A, Gottlieb A, Fineman M, Kolterman O, Cancelas J, García-Martínez JA, Villanueva-Peñacarrillo ML, Valverde I, Malaisse WJ, Filipsson K, Ahrén B, Balkan B, Kwasnik L, Battle B, Li X, Egan JM, Clocquet AR, Elahi D, Petrella E, Pricket K, Petersen KF, Sullivan JT, Amatruda JM, Livingston JN, Shulman GI, Freyse EJ, Knospe S, Glund K, Demuth HU, Walker D, Malik RA, Reljanovic M, Barada A, Milicevic Z, Tack CJ; Croatian Study Group for Diabetic Amyotrophy, Goldstein DS, Van Huysen C, Stevens MJ, Cao X, Sundkvist G, Dahlin LB, Eriksson KF, Rosén I, Lattimer SA, Sima AA, Sullivan K, Shaw JE, de Courten MP, Zimmet PZ, Gourdy P, Ruidavets JB, Arveiler D, Amouyel P, Bingham A, Tauber JP, Lam KS, Wat NM, Lam TH, Janus ED, de Pablos P, Rodriguez F, Martínez J, Sánchez V, Santana C, García I, Macías A, Levin K, Hother-Nielsen O, Henriksen JE, Beck-Nielsen H, Brechtel K, Machann J, Koch M, Nielsen M, Löblein K, Becker R, Denignger M, Renn W, Machicao F, Claussen CD, Schick F, Diraison F, Moulin P, Beylot M, Thams P, Capito K, Eliasson L, Barg S, Göpel S, Kanno T, Renström E, Meda P, Charollais A, Gjnovci A, Calabrese A, Wonkam A, Caton D, Wisznievski L, Serre V, Cogne F, Bauquis J, Bosco D, Huarte J, Herrera P, Gotfredsen CF, Vessby B; KANWU study group, Manuel Y Keenoy B, Engelen W, Vertommen J, Schrans S, Louheranta A, Lindström J, Tuomilehto J; Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study Group, Segal KR, Heymsfield S, Hauptman J, Boldrin M, Lucas C, Pandolfi A, Cetrullo D, Polishchuck R, Alberta M, Pellegrini G, Calafiore A, Vitacolonna E, Capani F, Consoli A, Halleux CM, Gillot EF, Brichard SM, Van der Planken M, Corthouts B, Peiffer F, Scholten D, Walke M, Assert R, Pirags V, Pedula KL, Hillier TA, Brown JB; EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study (PCS) Group, Santini SA, Marra G, Cotroneo P, Manto A, Di Leo MA, Di Gregorio S, Tordi A, Pitocco D, Ruotolo V, Ghirlanda G, Temelkova-Kurktschiev T, Schaper F, Koehler C, Henkel E, Hanefeld M, Mancini L, Citterio F, Cotroneo A, Ceroone S, Castagneto M, Rajbhandari SM, Dent MT, Plater ME, Harris ND, Tesfaye S, Ward JD, Dupuy O, Mayaudon H, Lecoules S, Bauduceau B, Palou M, Farret O, Molinié C, Antonelli-Incalzi R, Fuso L, Giordano A, Calcagni ML, Todaro L, Basso S, Tramaglino LM, Troncone L, Pistelli R, Guillot R, Bringuier A, Porokhov B, Guillausseau PJ, Feldmann G, Zivanic S, Cizmic M, Dragojevic R, Vanovic M, Borghouts LB, van Kranenburg GP, Schaart G, Keizer HA, Niess AM, Dickuth HH, Lutz O, Barbe P, Calazel-Fournier C, Hernandez G, Saint-Martin F, Galitzky J, Gonçalves AA, da Silva EC, Brito IJ, da Silva CA, Lawrence NJ, Kousta E, Mulnier H, Penny A, Millauer B, Johnston DG, Robinson S, Perriello G, Pimenta W, Pampanelli S, Lucidi P, Lepore M, Porcellati F, Cordoni MC, De Feo P, Bolli GB, Sjöstrand M, Holmäng A, Lönnroth P, Hauer B, Grauer P, Artzner S, Lang R, Stumvoll M, Monti LD, Piatti PM, Gemone F, Valsecchi G, Magni M, Barbieri E, Setola E, Sandoli EP, Galli-Kienle M, Pontiroli AE, Nichols GA, Brown JB, Salzsieder E, Boltz H, Ramirez JC, Rutscher A, Fischer U, Koenig C, Friske M, Schramm W, Landgraf R, Bachmann W, Bangemann M, Groeneveld G, Edvell A, Lindström P, Tsiotra P, Koukourava A, Raptis SA, Tsigos C, Boutou E, Triandaffilopoulou A, Egido EM, Rodríguez-Gallardo J, Gutiérrez E, García P, Silvestre RA, Marco J, Khan A, Ling ZC, Ahren B, Efendic S, Bünting C, Du X, Zhi Sui G, Rösen P, Koschinsky T, Kearney TM, Sharp PS, Lapolla A, Fedele D, Martano L, Garbeglio M, Seraglia R, Favretto D, Traldi P, Meerwaldt R, Smit AJ, Links TP, V Roon AM, Graaf R, Gans RO, Deynelİ O, Ersöz HÖ, Gogas D, Fak AS, Akalin S, Veglio M, Sivieri R, Chinaglia A, Scaglione L; Neuropathy Study Group of the Italian Society of the Study of Diabetes, Le T, Wong N, Detrano R, Charles MA, Colhoun HM, Francis DP, Rubens M, Underwood SR, Fuller JH, Knudsen E, Sato A, Nielsen FS, Bonora E, Kiechl S, Willeit J, Oberhollenzer F, Egger G, Bonadonna R, Muggeo M, Festa A, D'Agostino R Jr, Howard G, Mykkänen L, Tracy RP, Haffner SM, Poulsen P, Vach K; European Group for the Study of Insulin Resistance (EGIR), Ijzerman RG, Bakker SJ, Truster J, Crowther NJ, Cameron N, Gray IP, Chaillous L, Carel JC, Thivolet C, Boitard C, Charbonnel B, Saï P; D.I.O.R. study group, Decochez K, Keymeulen B, Somers G, Dorchy H, Rottiers R, Winnock F, Ver Elst K, Weets I, Pipeleers D, Gorus F, Seebaum S, Schumm-Draeger PM, Petzoldt R, Federlin K, Bonnevie-Nielsen V, Martensen PM, Justesen J, Worsaa A, Karlsson M, Sederholm S, Ludvigsson J, Bélicar P, Dale C, Vague P, Alessis C, Lassmann-Vague V, Bode BW, Gross TM, Ghegan M, Steed RD, Davidson PC, Ordoñez A, Rubio JL, Sulleiro JM, Buendía JP, Zamora J, Castillo M, Schaupp L, Ellmerer M, Brunner GA, Sendlhofer G, Schlack C, Skrabal F, Wach P, Pieber TR, Heinemann L, Krämer U, Klötzer HM, Hermann M; Non-Invasive Task Force, Cosgrove KE, Chapman JC, Shepherd RM, McIntyre S, Butler PC, Dunne MJ, Brekardin E, Dörschner H, Schwanstecher C, Schwanstecher M, Uhde I, Emmanouilidou E, Teschemacher AG, Pouli AE, Gylfe E, Tengholm A, Hellman B, Perfetti R, Aggarwal S, Müller G, Welte S, Wied S, Valverde AM, Mur C, Kahn CR, Benito M, Rondinone CM, Peterson T, Laviola L, Belsanti G, Logoluso F, Napoli R, Davalli AM, Weir GC, Giorgino R, Giorgino F, Flesch S, Hompesch B, Rave K, Susanto F, Kühn-Velten WN, Heise T, Rendell M, Dole J; Rosiglitazone Study Group, Esper RJ, Stein E, Lemme L; Cerivastatin/Bezafibrate Latin America Study Group, Rubinstein A, Maritz FJ, Soule S, Market A, Chajek-Shaul T, Maislos M, Tal S, Stolero D; HIDM investigators, Josefsen K, Beckmann H, Petersen C, Ekman R, Efanova I, Zaitsev S, Berggren PO, Birkenbach M, Holl RW, Rosenbauer J, Grabert M; German Working Group on Quality Control, Icks A, Schwab O, Reile K; German Pediat. Working Group, Janssen MM, de Jongh RT, Casteleijn S, Masurel N, Hoogma RP, Santeusanio F, Brunetti P, Fanelli CG, Laureti S, Bartocci L, Maran A, Crepaldi C, Trupiani S, Macdonald IA, Avogaro A, Bouman SD, Keitz M, Bruggink JE, Scheurink AJ, Strubbe JH, Steffens AB, Ferguson SC, McCrimmon RJ, Perros P, Best JJ, Deary IJ, Frier BM, Robinson RT, Ireland NH, Bedford C, Fairclough E, Hudson S, Heller SR, Borch-Johnsen K, Berger M, Overmann H, Bender R, Blank M, Sawicki P, Jörgens V, Mühlhauser I, Nosadini R, Sailer A, Dalla Vestra M, Brocco E, Piarulli F, Frigato F, Sambataro M, Velussi M, Baggio B, Fioretto P, Jager A, van Hinsbergh VW, Kostense PJ, Nrjpels G, Gæde P, Pedersen O, Andrysiak-Mamos E, Majkowska L, Krzyżanowska B, Pilarska K, Czekalski S, Mazzon C, Brocco S, Field LL, Nejentsev S, Gombos Z, Veijola R, Knip M, Simell O, Vaarala O, Åkerblom HK, Ilonen J, Krokowski M, Bodalski J, Andrzejewski W, Ławnik M, Teodorczyk A, Heinrich A, Caillat-Zucman S, Buzzetti R, Petrone A, Mesturino C, Giorgi G, Fiori R, Nisticò L, Di Genova G, Cascino I, Klöting I, Kovacs P, McKinney PA, Okasha M, Parslow RC, Law GR, Gurney KA, Williams R, Bodansky HJ, Herzig P, Giani G, Vervoort G, Lutterman JA, Berden JH, Wetzels JF, Paniagua O, Shaw L, Austin C, Heagerty AM, Seppälä-Lindroos A, Vehkavaara S, Yki-Järvinen H, Caballero AE, Lim SC, LoGerfo FW, Horton ES, Zembowicz A, Fragasso G, Caumo A, Phan VC, Costa S, Conti M, Chierchia SL, Vigili de Kreutzenberg S, Marchetto S, Calò L, Wascher TC, Wölkart G, Brunner F, Tripathy D, Carlsson M, Isomaa B, Tuomi T, Groop L, Stoffers DA, Muller DC, Wideman L, Chin GA, Clarke WL, Hanks JB, Habener JF, Guazzarotti L, Toffolo G, Clementi L, Vespasiani G, Cobelli C, Clauin S, Bellanné-Chantelot C, Bartolotta E, Gautier JF, Wilson C, Weyer C, Mort D, Knowler WC, Polonsky K, Bogardus C, Pratley RE, Porksen N, Veldhuis JD, Polonsky KS, Byrne MM, Brandt A, Arnold R, Katschinski M, Göke B, Hardt E, Fritsche A, Stefan N, Schützenauer S, Lüddeke HJ, Renner R, Hepp KD, Shnawa N, Krugluger W, Hopmeier P, Schernthaner G, Kautzky-Willer A, Prager R, Fallucca F, Sabbatini A, Sciullo E, Torresi P, Mazziotti F, Maroccia E, Napoli A, Buongiorno A, Deberg M, Dozio N, Castiglioni MT, Sodoyez-Goffaux F, Carvalheiro M, Fagulha I, Fagulha A, Gomes L, Paiva S, Marta E, Sobral E, Leitão F, Pinto L, Ruas M, Buchanan T, Di Cianni G, Volpe L, Casadidio I, Bottone P, Teti G, Boldrini A, Benzi L, Rasera T, Becciu V, Beretta A, Almirante G, Castiglioni M, Kerényi Z, Stella P, Nádasdi Á, Baranyi É, Csákány MG, Tamás G, Mehta ZM, Manley S, Zimmett P, Bottazzo GF, Hoey H, Mollensen H, Hougaard P, McGee H, Vidal J, Fernández M, Sesmilo G, Casamitjana R, Gomis R, Conget I, Rathmann W, Curran S, Mitchell J, Hennings S, Katsaros T, Saflianis I, Gigiakou E, Kasi E, Polychroniades V, Dzien A, Dzien-Bischinger C, Hadjidakis D, Apostolopoulou N, Sfakianakis M, Raptis AE, Ryysy L, Häkkinen AM, Goto T, Westerbacka J, Halavaara J, Libman I, Pietropaolo M, LaPorte R, Pietropaolo S, Becker D, Pirie FJ, York DF, Motala AA, Omar MA, Tzaneva V, Iotova V, Jaeger C, Hatziagelaki E, Stroedter A, Becker F, Bretzel RG, Strebelow M, Schlosser M, Ziegler B, Ziegler M, Wassmuth R, Ostrauskas R, Žalinkevičius R, Norkus A; Lithuanian Collaborative Group for the Epidemiology of Diabetes, Jarosz-Chobot P, Otto-Buczkowska E, Koehler B, Maklakiewicz E, Green A, Ionescu-Tirgoviste C, Serban V, Guja C, Mota M, Creteanu G, Calin A, Morosanu M, Ferariu I, Halmagy I, Cristescu I, Strugariu M, Minescu A, Barbul R, Visalli N, Sabastiani L, Adorisio E, Cassone Faldetta MR, Multari G, Casu A, Songini M, Pozzilli P; IMDIAB Study Group, Muntoni S, Wäänänen S, Law G, Muntoni S, Shubnikov E, Choubnikova J, Mikulecký M, Michalková D, Hlava P, Teuscher AU, Reinli K, Teuscher A, Zhao HX, Stenhouse E, Moyeed R, Demaine AG, Millward BA, Feltbower RG, Holland P, Campbell F, Fear NT, Wasmuth HE, Elliott RB, McLachlan C, Erhardt G, Kolb H, Guaita G, Pelligra I, Motzo C, Obinu M, Cossu E, Cirillo R, Kinalski M, Krętowski A, Bingley P, Kinalska I, Douek IF, Bingley PJ, Gale EA, Imagawa A, Hanafusa T, Miyagawa J, Matsuzawa Y; Osaka IDDM Study Group, Todd JA, Welsh K, Marshall S, Nolsøe R, Kristiansen OP, Larsen Z, Johannesen J, Jahromi MM, Larsen ZM, Kyvik KO, Jeanclos E, Schork NJ, Aviv A, Sieradzki J, Małecki MT, Klupa T, Hanna L, Sieradzka J, Frey J, Królewski AS, Calvo B, Bilbao JR, Perez de Nanclares G, Castaño L, Santos JL, Pérez-Bravo F, Piquer S, Puig-Domingo M, Carrasco E, Calvillán M, De Leiva A, Albala C, Cavallo MG, Manca Bitti ML, Suraci C, Crinò A, Giordano C, Cervoni M, Sbriglia MS, Bizzarri C, Marietti G, Füchtenbusch M, Bonifacio E, Kredel K, Schnell O, Ziegler AG, Assaad-Khalil SH, Michelsen BK, El-Azzouni O, Abou-Seif M, Kamel F, Fouad K, Abdel-Aty T, El-Sheikh S, Zamani M, Pociot H, Nerup J, Cassiman JJ, Olivares E, Ladrière L, Laghmich A, Sener A, Scott FW, Ivanova O, Poltorack V; Pramlintide Type 1 Study Group; Pramlintide Type 2 Study Group, Gorbenko N, Gladkich A, Nikitchenko I, Dunger A, Augstein P, Berg S, Williams AJ, Norcross AJ, Gillmor HA, Lampasona V, Bernasconi L, Hermite L, Martin-Moutot N, Boucraut J, Seagar M, Couraud F, Scirpoli M, Maioli M, Tonolo G, Bekris L, Schranz D, Ciccarese M, Lernmark A, Lee HC, Nam JH, Ahn CW, Song YD, Lim SK, Kim KR, Huh KB, Fajardo C, Carmona E, Sanchez-Cuenca JM, Campos V, Carles C, Brazales A, Merino F, Piñón F, Mašek Z, Perušičová J, Bárová H, Šterzl I, Hejduková H, Schneiderka P, Hink S, Muzyka B, Streit G, Kopp HP, Kroiss A, Tankova T, Dakovska L, Kirilov G, Koev D, Abrams P, De Block C, Rooman R, Du Caju M, Eibl NL, Wolf H, Eibl MM, Di Cesare E, Previti M, Lombardo F, Di Benedetto A, Romano G, De Luca F, Cucinotta D, Brunelle RL, Huang J, Fineberg SE, Anderson JH, List C, Lamesch P, Kohlhaw K, Schwarz C, Wenzke M, Richter O, Hauss J, Zeng SF, Xu XS, Zheng SX, Shii K, Baba S, Bonfanti R, Bazzigaluppi E, Meschi F, Bognetti E, Bosi E, Chiumello G, Cinapri V, Quilici S, Forotti G, Giampietro O, Matteucci E, Luppi P, Zanone MM, Rudert W, Haluszczak C, Alexander A, Bertera S, Gottlieb P, Trucco M, Irnstetter A, Jäger G, Schenker M, Ziegler MA, Myśliwiec J, Szelachowska M, Monetini L, Valente L, Coppolino G, Stefanini L, Corbi S, Spera S, Matteoli MC, Ferrazzoli F, Cantagallo A, De Mattia GC, Walker B, Sonnet E, Gibassier J, Derrien C, Massart C, Allannic H, Maugendre D, Leech NJ, Elsegood KA, Narendran P, Hubbard A, Dayan CM, Mianowska B, Bodalska-Lipińska J, Chrul S, Wyka K, Geissler A, Schneider ML, Bochow B, Koop I, Zhang TM, Zhang Y, Han CH, Jin SX, Dervogormiyacıyan H, Araslı M, Aydemir D, Yıllar G, Deniz G, Gürol AO, Aktaş E, Tütüncü Y, Pertyñska MP, Banasik M, Zeman K, Cypryk K, Wilczyñski J, Tchórzewski H, Müser ES, Baier JE, Bergbauer M, Schmutz G, Figge A, Reiser M, Schmiegel W, Burkart V, Kim YE, Kauer M, Utsugi T, Kanda T, Kobayashi I, Uchiyama T, Ito H, Ohyama Y, Tomono S, Kawazu S, Nagai R, Hehmke B, Heinke P, Kelemen K, Wegmann D, Hutton JC, Wachlin G, Schröder D, Schmidt S, Schloot NC, Hanifi-Moghaddam P, Goebel C, Rothe H, Hausmann A, Laureys J, Depovere J, Waer M, Karsten V, Tritschler S, Belcourt A, Pinget M, Kessler L, Gregori S, Sala L, Smiroldo S, Davalli A, Adorini L, Bo S, Repetti E, Gentile L, Fornengo P, Bruno A, Ferrero L, Kanoun F, Harzallah F, Ftouhi B, Mekaouar A, Bellaaj R, Fekih M, Mebazaa A, Zouari B, Ben Khalifa F; Turkish Diabetes Epidemiology Group, Spijkerman AM, Ruige JB, Colagiuri S, Colagiuri R, Palu T, Na'ati E, Muimui-Heata S, Samiu O, deBlieck C, Ta'ai A, Foliaki S, Hussain Z, McLennan M, Hansen CN, Ibsen H, Dogadin SA, Nozdratchev KG, Lidfeldt J, Nerbrand C, Lindholm LH, Samsioe G, Scherstén B, Agardh CD, Wójcikowski C, Grzeszczak W, Łopatyński J, Bandurska-Stankiewicz E; Screen-Pol Study Group, Mardarowicz G, Król H, Matej A, Czupryniak L, Kropiwnicka A, Drzewoski J, Viljoen E, Costa A, Martinez S, Carmona F, Levy I, Baruffaldi L, Solerte B, Mantovani E, Boullu S, Jeandidier N, Legaludec V, Costa B, Franch J, Martín F, Morató J, Donado A, Basora J, Daniel J; IGT Research Group, Sayeed MA, Mahtab H, Kibriya MG, Khanam PA, Azad Khan AK, de Courten M, Chitson P, Cox H; Mauritian NCD group, King R, Dachtler J, Johnston D, Ito C, Kataoka M, Lakhdar AA, Myers MA, Fuecker K, Echwald SM, Hansen T, Ekstrøm CT, Urhammer SA, Eiberg H, Roberts S, Barrow BA, Hainsworth J, Schousboe K, Henriksenog JE, Sørensen TI, Herlihy OM, Timmer B, Grant PJ, Bennett SM, Ghunaim SA, Stewart MW, Baroni MG, Sentinelli F, Lovari S, Vitali M, Capici F, Barbetti F, Weng JP, Lehto M, Li H, Forsblom C, Groop L, Blanche H, Morel V, Hansen L, Stanojevic V, Petersen HV, Urioste S, Stoffers D, Møller AM, Serup P, Ek J, Durviaux S, Clausen JO, Rousseau GG, Lemaigre FP, Bjørkhaug L, Njølstad PR, Lindner T, Cockburn BN, Molven A, Søvik O, Lindner TH, Horikawa Y, Sovik O, Frederiksen SK, Almind K, Van Obberghen E, Kovács P, van den Brandt J, Fenger M, Vaag A, Haist K, Weisser M, Rettig A, Zhang M, Chung SS, Pihlajamäki J, Karjalainen L, Karhapää P, Vauhkonen I, Cassell P, Uwakwe N, Kopelman P, Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Rasmussen SK, Lautier C, Grigorescu F, Smith RJ, Frayling T, Turner R, Hitman G, Subba Rao P, Bennett AJ, Jones E, Lathrop GM, Menzel S, Wahid F, Cooper L, Scott J, Aitman TJ, Galli J, Fakhrai-Rad H, Kamel A, Marcus C, Norgren S, Luthman H, Wallis RH, Collins SC, Kaisaki PJ, Ktorza A, Lathrop M, Gauguier D, Huxtable S, McCarthy M, Shimomura H, Hanabusa T, Tsunoda K, Lazdins M, Dalgaard LT, Jensen NM, Jensen JN, Lynn S, Turnbull DM, Pérez de Nanclares G, Gaztambide S, Vázquez JA, Groves CJ, Izmajlowicz ML, Horton VA, Owen RJ, Stratton IR, Green FR, Groves C, Horton V, Owen R, Stratton I, Clark LA, Voigt A, Rochlitz H, Rau H, Braun J, Schmidt K, Plock K, Donner H, Schöneberger A, Usadel KH, Badenhoop K, Bendlová B, Mazura I, Včelák J, Vondra K, Palyzová D, Svatoš J, Mikšová P, Russo G, Couture P, Wilson PW, Cupples LA, Otvos JD, Schaefer EJ, Ordovas JM, Malecki MT, Ji L, Curtis S, Rich SS, Warram JH, Krolewski AS, Gudayol M, Usac EF, van Essen EH, Roep BO, 't Hart LM, Janssen JJ, van den Ouweland JM, Lemkes HH, Maassen AJ, Nakano S, Fukuda M, Maejima K, Imaizumi N, Kitazawa M, Nishizawa M, Kigoshi T, Uchida K, Le Gall JY, David V, Baltrusch S, Richter T, da Silva Xavier G, Dickens M, Belin VD, Green IC, Burns CJ, Squires PE, Howell SL, Persaud SJ, Ban N, Yamada Y, Someya Y, Ihara Y, Tsuda K, Seino Y, Alcazar O, Tyrberg B, Carlsson C, Andersson A, Mukai E, Ishida H, Fujimoto S, Kajikawa M, Fujita J, Tsuura Y, Malaisse-Lagae F, Picton S, Tamarit-Rodriguez J, Mukala-Nsengu-Tshibangu A, Fernández S, Giné E, Ortsäter H, Liss P, Åkerman KE, Bergsten P, Hu S, Wang S, Roos ES, Gounarides JS, Shapiro MJ, de Souza CJ, Papas KK, Nishimura M, Kadiata MM, Louchami K, Jijakli H, Rajan AS, Kuang S, Iyer D, Waddell ID, Holloway BR, Ishihara H, Wang H, Wollheim CB, Ayvaz G, Mercan D, Rasschaert J, Giroix MH, Scruel O, Portha B, Broca C, Fernandez-Alvarez J, Manteghetti M, Gross R, Sauvaire Y, Petit P, Ribes G, McClenaghan NH, Ball AJ, Flatt PR, Rustenbeck I, Dickel C, Winkler M, Grimmsmann T, Meyer U, Gross I, Barnes PD, O'Brien RE, Abdel-Wahab YH, Hashmi MN, Giesberts AN, White SJ, Cooper EJ, Hudson AL, Eglen RM, Dillon MP, Chan SL, Morgan NG, Parini A, Gotfredsen C, Ullrich S, Su J, Rösier M, Hescheler J, Greger R, Wardt R, Arredouani A, Gailly P, Henquin JC, Gilon P, Macfarlane WN, Docherty K, Jonkers FC, Schöfl C, Börger J, von Zur Mühlen A, Brabant G, Grapengiesser E, Harris TE, Buchan AM, Jones PM, Jaikaran ET, Marcon G, St George-Hyslop PH, Fraser PE, Clark A, Lebrun P, Antoine MH, Nguyen QA, Rorsman P, Wasmeier C, Antinozzi P, Maechler P, Schwartz E, Wollheim C, Roderigo HM, Matsumoto K, Ebihara K, Yamamoto H, Tabuchi H, Fukunaga K, Yasunami M, Ohkubo H, Miyamoto E, Horn PA, García-Barrado MJ, Sancho C, Martín M, Moratinos J, Westerlund J, Lin JM, Brown R, Björklund A, Grill V, Detimary P, Guiot Y, Rahier J, Elmi A, Sehlin J, Hauge-Evans AC, Cybal M, Druzyńska J, Wierzchowska J, Krippeit-Drews P, Drews G, Krämer C, Jornot L, Düfer M, Nöda M, Yamashita S, Takahashi N, Tsubamoto Y, Kasai H, Sharp GW, Lembert N, Joos HC, Ammon HP, Wahl MA, Ainscow EK, Zhao C, Fabregat ME, Fernández-Álvarez J, Franco C, Novelli M, Fernàndez-Alvarez J, Masiello P, Lajoix A, Beffy P, Roux S, Chardès T, Roye M, Lajoix AD, Reggio H, Peraldi-Roux S, Henningsson R, Salehi A, Lundquist I, Stickings P, Mistry S, Ratcliff H, Morris SM Jr, Cunningham JM, Ekelund M, Ermakova NV, Paulssen RH, Florholmen J, Carmellini M, Mosca F, Patané G, Longo D, Squatrito S, Clement L, Magnan C, Vincent M, Penicaud L, Assimacopoulos-Jeannet F, Vigneri R, Rolfsen SE, Gregersen S, Hermansen K, Blondeau B, Rojas I, Novials A, Femández-Usac E, Cristóbal P, Higham CE, Lawrie L, Sherman KI, Birch N, Tito P, Robinson CV, de Koning EJ, Verbeek JS, Esapa C, Laube B, Powell DS, Maksoud H, Chargé SB, Matthews DR, Stratton IM, Karlsson S, Myrsén-Axcrona U, Östlund B, Sundler F, Bertrand G, Puech R, Bockaert J, Persson-Sjögren S, Täljedal IB, Mooney MH, O'Harte FP, Simonsson E, Abdel-Halim SM, Efendić S, Ahrén B, Yanagida K, Arima T, Yada T, Egéa JC, Hirtz C, Deville de Périère D, Meoni C, Falqui L, Arcelloni C, Paroni R, Folli F, Barry R, Turner NC, Tadayyon M, Arch JR, Sutti F, Perego L, Baglioni S, Otte A, Socci C, Raffaele HS, Stumpf E, Aalto Y, Otonkoski T, Knuutila S, Andersson LC, Berra C, Furlan R, Coppelli A, Tellini C, Bordignon C, Rouiller DG, Lister CA, Moore GB, Piercy V, Newman M, Chapman H, Smith SA, Anastasi E, Bulotta A, Tiberti C, Ponte E, Liddi R, Taruscio D, Falchi M, Annerén C, Welsh M, Bernard C, Ilic C, Guilbert V, Palgi J, Korbutt GS, Rayat GR, Rajotte RV, Kieffer TJ, Karlsson E, Sandler S, Boujendar S, Huotari MA, Miettinen PJ, Keski-Oja J, Breda E, Pacini G, Vilsbøll T, Toft-Nielsen MB, Dinesen B, Corssmit EP, Qvigstad E, Mostad IL, Bjerve K, Ann CW, Kume M, Hiramatsu M, Taniguchi J, Saito Y, Kawasaki Y, Kanazawa M, Notoya Y, Hayashi T, Djemli A, Gallice P, Coste T, Jannot MF, Dufayet D, Raccah D, Vague P, Sattar S, Basak RC, Hasan Z, Ali L, Nikulina MA, Karlsen AE, Hong TP, Andersen NA, Puren AJ, Fantuzzi G, Dinarello CA, Gysemans CA, Sparre T, Fey S, Larsen PM, Andersson AK, John NE, Fey SJ, Mose Larsen P, Frigerio S, Ghayur T, Holländer GA, Zumsteg U, Pinach S, Monge L, Grassi G, Pasquero P, Ruiu G, Dall'Omo A, Carta Q, Hadjivassiliou V, Dunger AM, Green MH, Rasilainen S, Roivainen M, Ylipaasto P, Bouwens L, Hovi T, Sekine N, Takahashi K, Ishikawa T, Okazaki T, Fujita T, Elliott J, Scarpello JH, Conroy S, Byrne P, Newsholme P, Harrison M, Greenl IC, Kaya F, Süsleyici B, Öztürk M, Eisner M, Guldbakke B, Karpenko N, Brizgalova G, Alesina M, Røder ME, Schwartz RS, Prigeon R, Kahn SE, Kendereški A, Micić D, Šumarac M, Macut D, Zonć S, Čolić M, Cvijović G, Gligorović P, Courtney CH, Atkinson AB, Ennis C, Sheridan B, Bell PM, Jolly M, Amin R, Godsland I, Horvoka R, Anyaoku V, Lawrence N, Krasova N, Sergienko L, Mingrone G, Plat L, Balasse EO, Zykova T, Jenssen T, Strelkova A, Zykova S, Tipisova E, Féry F, Wijenaike AN, Watt PW, Jung RT, Bolton-Smith C, Rennie MJ, Ludvik B, Aigmueller T, Waldhaeusl W, Courtois P, Bource F, Guenat E, Philippe J, Jéquier E, Tappy L, Benny S, Grönemeyer D, Aygen S, Scholz N, Busch M, Tauveron I, Rochon C, Dejax C, Benoit P, Capitan P, Bayle G, Prugnaud J, Fabricio A, Champredon C, Thieblot P, Grizard J, Nielsen MF, Nyholm B, Chandramouli V, Schumann WC, Landau BR, Rizza RA, Mitrakou A, Meyer C, Tolias A, Platanisiotis D, Vlachos L, Gerich J, Wajngot A, Sprangers F, Jellema WT, Lopuhaä CE, van Lieshout JJ, van der Zee JS, Mithieux G, Croset M, Zitoun C, Hurot JM, Rajas F, Montano S, Willem R, Verbruggen I, Grue-Sørensen G, Björkling F, Watson ND, Burns SP, Murphy HC, Iles RA, Cohen RD, Rooney K, Swan V, Phuyal J, Millar J, Bryson J, Denyer G, Caterson I, Thompson C, Gaster M, Handberg A, Schrøder HD, Alzaid A, Sobki S, Thye-Rønn P, Alford F, Christopher M, Gras F, Brunmair B, Neschen S, Py G, Lambert K, Raynaud E, Mercier J, Tsuchihashi K, Sumida Y, Fujimoto H, Nakamura M, Miyata E, Furuta M, Katsuki A, Ito K, Sasaki R, Hori Y, Yano Y, Adachi Y, Lauritz J, Eriksson JW, Burén J, Zhao LJ, Li ZC, Kullin M, Karlsson FA, Redondo A, Puente J, Clemente F, González N, Moberg E, Amer P, Hagström-Toft E, Bolinder J, Björnholm M, Krook A, Galuska D, Myers M Jr, Zierath JR, Wallberg-Henriksson H, Niklasson M, Strindberg L, Sternberg F, Hebeda S, Kratzer W, Salgado MI, Hoss U, Kalatz B, Lohmann S, Fussgänger R, Khomazjuk AI, Ncscheret AP, Gonchar IV, Quinones-Galvan A, Sironi AM, Cominacini L, Nagai Y, Yamashita H, Takamura T, Kobayashi K, Szanto I, Peth JA, Kinnick TR, Youngblood EB, Tritschler HJ, Henriksen EJ, Gašperíková D, Rufo C, Teran-Garcia M, Nakamura MT, Clarke SD, Pye S, Zhang Z, Radziuk J, Guignot L, Bell KS, Lim-Fraser M, Cooney G, Kraegen EW, Takayama S, Legare DJ, Macedo MP, Lautt WW, Bradley B, Barron P, Davies J, Ader M, Richey JM, Ait El Mkadem S, Macari F, Renard E, Méchaly I, Brun JF, Cros G, Bringer J, Del Aguila LF, Krishnan RK, Farrell PA, Ulbrecht J, Correll PH, Kirwan JP, Mei J, Rahn-Landström T, Brindley D, Manganiello V, Degerman E, Ziv E, Shafrir E, Kaiman R, Galer S, Bar-On H, Gerő L, Földes K, Janssen J, Járay J, Perner F, Haap M, Houdali B, Schmit MB, Dietze GJ, Perrini S, Natalicchio A, Montrone C, de Robertis O, De Pergola G, Strack V, Kellerer M, Kausch C, Condorelli G, Beguinot F, Häring HU, Song XM, Chibalin AV, Ryder JW, Jiang XJ, Alessi DR, Hennige AM, Metzinger E, Seipke G, Trüb T, Hey A, Sørensen AR, Schäffer L, Drejer K, Kurtzhals P, Hansen BF, Matozaki T, Noguchi T, Yamao T, Takada T, Ochi F, Takeda H, Inagaki K, Hosoka T, Kasuga M, Schürt M, Meier M, Drenckhan M, Meyer M, Aries SP, Klein HH, Telting D, van der Zon GC, Dorrestijn J, Maassen JA, Clapham JC, Holder JC, Tomlinson KM, Pickavance L, Buckingham R, Wilding J, Jacinto SM, Harrold J, Ljung B, Kjellstedt A, Thalén P, Widdowson P, Williams G, Oakes N, Aoki K, Saito T, Satoh S, Mukasa K, Kaneshiro M, Kawasaki S, Hoshino K, Okamura A, Sekihara H, Smith U, Johansson A, Nilsson E, Olausson T, Nakazawa T, Suzuki M, Martinez J, Murado P, Azal Ö, Yönem A, Çakır B, Polat Z, Kutlu M, Çorakçı A, Bayraktar M, Gürlek A, Koray Z, Damian MS, Linn T, Laube H, Arzner S, Meißner HP, Giunti S, Comune M, Cassader M, Conte MR, Sacchi C, Musso G, Mecca F, Depetris N, Gambino R, Perin PC, Kawakami S, Sandqvist M, Jansson PA, Šindelka G, Widimský J, Haas T, Prázný M, Mari A, Nolan JJ, Uusitupa MI, Karşıdağ K, Hacıhanefioğlu B, Dinççağ N, Drivsholm T, Palacios RT, Vølund A, Pedersen OB, Letiexhe MR, Scheen AJ, Quiñones Galvan A, Simeoni M, Basu A, Uosukainen A, Mäkimattila S, Schlenzka A, Adler AI, Levy J, Stevens R, Matthews D, Holman R, Boland BJ, Jeanjean M, Hermans MP, Maudoigt C, Tonglet R, Robert A, Quiñones-Galvan A, Cini G, Galetta F, Sanna G, Gernone F, Janssen MJ, Gonera RK, Wolffenbuttel BH, de Leeuw PW, Schaper NC, Molęda P, Kuczerowski R, Czech A, Tatoń J, Taddei S, Patiag D, Qu X, Wilkes M, Gray S, Seale JP, Donnelly R, Campión J, Maestro B, Dávila N, Carranza MC, Calle C, Hales CN, Fernández-Real JM, Grasa M, Pugeat M, Barret C, Ricart W, Lindmark S, Olsson T, Tufvesson M, Loeblein K, Mehnert B, Haering HU, Rave K, Heise T, Clauson P, Hirschberger S, Heinemann L, Claret M, Nadal B, Truc A, Rossi L, Hildebrand P, Ketterer S, Beglinger C, Keller U, Gyr K, Parvin S, Overkamp D, Vayreda M, González-Huix F, G-Huix F, Zavaroni I, Gasparini P, Massironi P, Zuccarelli A, Delsignore R, Reaven GM, Sheu WH, Lee WJ, Chen YT, Iraklianou S, Tournis S, Volonakis I, Spylopoulou M, Bilianou E, Melidonis A, Foussas S, Güler S, Çakir B, Demi Rbaş B, Gürsoy G, Serter R, Aral Y, Morton G, Lee S, Fahey R, de Silva A, Cai XJ, Buckingham RE, Arch JR, Wilson S, Clausen JT, Kristensen P, Nielsen PF, Wulff BS, Thim L, Holness MJ, Sugden MC, Fryer LG, Munns MJ, Mannucci E, Ognibene A, Cremasco F, Bardini G, Mencucci A, Ciani S, Pierazzuoli E, Tsuchihashil K, Rigalleau V, Delafaye C, Baillet L, Vergnot V, Brunou P, Gatta B, Gin H, Felber JP, Munger R, Assimacopoulos F, Bobbioni E, Golay A, Wilken M, Larsen FS, Buckley D, Molina LM, Marquez L, Arbeo A, Hernandez C, Kofod H, Damholt AB, Buchan A, Márquez L, Luque MA, Sarti L, Sutton PJ, Behle K, Heimesaat MM, Hüfner M, Gravholt CH, Mølier N, Christiansen JS, Schmitz O, Deacon CF, Brock B, Knudsen LB, Agersø H, Huusfeldt PO, Kelly CM, Brunn C, Schioos J, Sewing S, Lemansky P, Wawro S, Mest HJ, Taguchi T, Motoshima H, Yoshizato K, Guenifi A, Henriksson M, Johansson J, Shafqat J, Tally M, Wahren J, Jömvall H, Ekberg K, Rigler R, Pramanik A, Kratz G, Johansson BL, Uhlén M, Jörnvall H, Forst T, Dufayet De La Tour D, Kunt T, Pfützner A, Goitom K, Pohlmann T, Schneider S, Johansson BL, Löbig M, Engelbach M, Beyer J, Ekman B, Nyström F, Arnqvist HJ, Halvatsiotis PG, Meek S, Bigelow M, Nair KS, Maghsoudi S, Fisker S, Vølund AA, Jörgensen JO, Christiansen JS, Hilsted J, Mazerkina NA, Tiulpakov AN, Gorelyshev SK, Peterkova VA, Macut DJ, Dieguez C, Casanueva FF, Catalina PF, Mallo F, Andrade A, García-Mayor RV, Popova VV, Ter Maaten JC, Popp-Snijders C, Madsen L, Ukropec J, Bergene E, Rnstan AC, Berge R, Arner P, Wahl G, Häring H, Bryson JM, Curtis SE, Caterson ID, Winzell MS, Svensson H, Ahnén B, Holm C, Phillips C, Madigan C, Owens D, Collins P, Johnson A, Tomkin GH, Cabezas MC, van Oostrom AJ, Erkelens DW, Summers LK, Fielding BA, Ilic V, Clark ML, Frayn KN, Pietzsch J, Julius U, Nitzsche S, Fischer S, Lindgren C, Amrot-Fors L, Hoffmann MM, Luft D, Schmülling RM, D'Adamo M, Leonetti F, Paoloni A, Ribaudo MC, Basso MS, Elmore U, Restuccia A, Sbraccia P, Emilsson V, O'Dowd J, Heyman R, Cawthorne MA, Pelikánová T, Kazdová L, Žák A, Chvojková Š, Özer EM, Kadıoğlu P, Korugan Ü, Hatemi H, Rivellese AA, Dullaart RP, Riemens SC, Sluiter WJ, van Tol A, Farnier M, Megnien S, Turpin G; Cerivastatin Combination Therapy Study Group, Stulp BK, Brambilla P, Brunelli A, Riva MC, Manzoni P, de Poli S, Riboni S, Stolk RP, Meijer R, Wink O, Zelissen PM, van Gils AP, Grobbee DE, Vilarrasa N, Gimenez O, Lopez L, Insa R, Fdez Castañer M, Cabrera-Rode E, Perich P, Diaz-Horta O, Molina G, Fernández Castañer M, López L, Jiménez O, Boltaña A, Ampudia-Blasco FJ, Martínez I, Civera M, Ascaso JF, Carmena R, Ahmed K, Luzio S, Furmaniak V, Owens DR, Dionadji M, Mbaissouroum M, Anderson J, Garg S, MacKenzie T, Shephard M, Peery B, Chase H, Holstein A, Thießen E, Kaufmann N, Egberts EH, Lutgers HL, Hullegie LM, Hoogenberg K, Wientjes KJ, Schoonen AJ, Wientjes KJ, Schoonen AJ, Weitgasser R, Gappmayer B, Pichler M, Sapin R, Friess P, Eskes SA, de Vries JH, Pouwer F, van Ballegooie E, Spijker AJ, Jeng L, Winsett J, Tubiana-Rufi N, Munz-Licha G, Polak M, Sheehan J, Ulchaker M, Toeller M, Üstün A, Yilmaz MT, Aparicio M, Peyron E; EURODIAB Complications Study Group, Rizkalla SW, Taverna M, Guerre-Millo M, Chevalier A, Pacher N, Slama G, Gorshunska M, Buyken AE, Heitkamp G, Kabir M, Oppert JM, Wursch P, Bruzzo F, Rahman MH, Fatima K, Ahmed S, Mondal HN, Yilmaz M, Öztok U, Karakoç A, Çakır N, Düzgün E, Yetkin I, Arslan M, Şardaş S, Wilding J, Géloën A, Baret G, Dalmaz Y, Peyronnet J, Clémenceau B, Martignat L, Lalain S, Gouin E, Kenda-Ropson N, Miller AO, You S, Aguilera E, Recasens M, Flores L, Ricart MJ, Fernández-Cruz L, Esmatjes E, Crenier L, Noël C, Le Moine A, Mahy M, Danguy A, Kiss R, Goldman M, Bracci C, De Haan B, Nilsson K, Deschamps JY, Glagoličová A, Smrčková I, Dieterle C, Illner WD, Land W, Feldmeier H, Scheuer R, Lalli C, Di Loreto C, Ellringmann U, Balks HJ, V Zur Mühlen A, Dengler R, Weissenborn K, Rasmussen BM, Ørskov L, Watson J, Owen G, Barrett G, Ingleby J, Weiss M, Deary I, Cavan D, Kerr D, Bruneiii A, Cuce' A, Elsing HG, Kühne D, Quinn ND, Warner DP, Buysschaert M, Jamal R, O'Brien T, Latare P, Mullen J, Rein A, Wargo M, Parkes JL, Ginsberg B, Sotiropoulos A, Peppas TA, Kotsini V, Apostolou O, Bousboulas S, Michailidis E, Sawala M, Pappas S, Nilsson PM, Nilsson JÅ, Berglund G, Molins T, Esteban JI, Genescà J, Paris I, Haufroid V, Selvais P, Petit JM, Duong M, Grappin M, Guiguet M, Rudoni S, Portier H, Brun JM, Bagg W, Plank L, Drury PL, Sharpe N, Braatvedt GD, Carrascosa JM, Molero JC, Fermίn Y, Andrés A, Satrústegui J, Rietzsch H, Patzak A, Schwanebeck U, Simpson H, Robertson-Mackay F, Montegriffo E, Fox C, Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Dorman JM, Gerstein HC, Lau D, Leiter LA, Maheux P, Meneilly GS, Murphy L, Rodger NW, Ross SA, Ryan E, Yale JF, Wolever TM, Haller T, Elias I, Segal P, Standi E, Rybka J, Sencer E, Satman I, Schlcnzka A, Vakkilainen J, Tsaglis H, Ioannidis I, Giakoumaki A, Amantou A, Komitopoulos N, Georgiou S, Varsamis E, Katsilambros N, El Gayar M, Shereba N, Botros R, Fikry R, Jackson D, Balme M, Silva-Nunes J, Alves J, Bogalho P, Gardete-Correia L, Nunes-Corrêa J, Kot'átková A, Němcová D, Vrbíková J, Zamrazil V, Meyer L, Delbachian I, Lehert P, Cugnardey N, Drouin P, Guerci B, Wagner OF, Jones NP, Vallance SE, Thompson KA, Miller AK, Inglis AM, Patterson S, Jorkasky D, Freed MI, Mathisen AL, Schneider R, Rubin C, Houser V, Beebe KL, Kortboyer JM, Eckland DJ, Cranmer H, Mori Y, Kurokawa N, Komiya H, Horikoshi H, Yokoyama J, Tajima N, Ikeda Y, Bakst A, Hemyari P, Lönnqvist F, Owen S, Vikramadithyan RK, Chakrabarti R, Misra P, Prem Kumar M, Sunil Kumar KB, Ghosh A, Rajagopalan R, Goldstein B, Katoh S, Tsuruoka N, Hata S, Matsushima M, Ikemoto S, Inoue Y, Edwards G, Fonseca V, Biswas N, Bakris G, Viberti G, Rebuck AS, Weill S, Abel MG, Klappoth W, Brodesser A, Linkeschowa R, Pushparaj P, Tan CH, Tan BK, Bahner A, Parker J, Waite G, Lipson V, Nahar N, Rokeya B, Parveen S, Nur-E-Alam M, Mosihuzzaman M, Hansen AK, Lepore M, Kurzhals R, Pampanelli S, Fanelli CG, Bolli GB, Ratner RE, Hirsch IB, Mecca TE, Wilson CA, Mohideen P, Mudaliar S, Deutsch R, Ciaraldi T, Armstrong D, Kim B, Morrill B, Sha X, Henry R, Meyer BH, Scholtz HE, van Niekerk N, Rosenkranz B, Schoenle E; HOE 901/3003 study group, Witthaus E, Bradley C, Stewart J, Barbeau M, Myers S, Flora D, DiMarchi R, Chance R, Plum A, Larsen PS, Larsen UD, Kristensen JB, Jansen JA, Olsen B, Mortensen H, Hylleberg B, Jacobsen LV, Gall MA, Søgaard B, Ewing FM, Ireland RH, Hoogwerf B, Raskin P, Jovanovic L, Leiter L, Boss AH, Bott U, Ebrahim S, Hirschberger S, Leukel P, Sieber HJ, McGill J, Kilo C, Kamp NM, Wutte A, Le Thai F, Balarac N, Allicar MP, Cazeneuve B, Augendre B, Wise SD, Seah ES, Koivisto V, Torlone E, Del Sindaco P, Ciofetta M, Hedman C, Orre Pettersson AC, Lindström T, Cernigoi AM, Kong N, Kitchen MM, Ryder RE, Petkova M, Angelova-Gateva P, Malone J, Arora V, Bue-Valleskey J, Pein M, Diebler F, Roach P, Gudat U, Dreyer M, Hanusch U, Ristic S, McLeod J, Hirschberg Y, Garreffa S, Keilson L, Mather S, Gagen K, Chen W, Dragonas N, Chuang LM, Juang JH, Wu HP, Chiang YD, Li KL, Jorgensen LN, Tai TY, Cheatham WW, Kennedy F, Woo V, Jain R, Boss A, Moses R, Clauson P, Fischer T, Björk S, Østergaard A, Langendorf KW, Hatorp V, Hasslacher C, Farrar NS, Chambers NJ, Denyer GS, Johnston GA, Hashiguchi S, Jönsson A, Hallengren B, Rydberg T, Herbaut C, Turc A, Mourand I, Chevassus H, Molinier N, Christensen AL, Mathiesen ER, Stage E, Damm P, Boivin S, Gross P, Pennington M, Harder T, Kohlhoff R, Dörner G, Rohde W, Plagemann A, Ferdeghini M, Murru S, Maffei M, Cecchetti P, Dunne F, Brydon P, Smith T, Proffitt M, Holder R, Gee H, Goulis DG, Teoh TG, Asatiani N, Elphick A, Natsvlishvili M, Chanturia T, Shelestova E, Ramazashvili M, Hod M, Cederberg J, Casi AL, Pampfer S, De Hertogh R, Hinck L, Aly S, Bertie J, Botta RM, Imbergamo MP, Impiccichè MG, Todaro B, Greco D, Ekbom P, Clausen P, Feldt-Rasmussen U, Feldt-Rasmussen B, Mølsted Pedersen L, Nørgaard K, Svenningsen A, Nielsen L, Zmudzińska M, Ziętek I, Min Y, Crawford MA, Bozzoni F, Corubolo C, Borrello E, Di Biase N, Spagnolo S, Hawthorne G, Sen D, Bagust A; Northern Diabetic Pregnancy Survey, Maier W, Currie CJ, Sailesh S, Patel V, Hayes D, Cockrill B, Gatling W, Budd S, Mullee MA, Savill AW, Smithers MG, Davies RR, Sandford A, Stutz L, Vadstrup S, Simonsen V, Musaeus L, Molsing B, Lyholm B, Turner BC, Jenkins E, Hejlesen OJ, Andreassen S, Hovorka R, Cavan DA, Klinge A, Strauss KW, Guthrie R, Testa M, Zimmerman R, Sandberg M, Steinfatt H, Hardenberg R, Gottsmann M, König A, Schmauß S, Hierl FX, Renders CM, Valk GD, van Eijk JT, van der Wal G, Jermendy G, Hídvégi T; Hungarian HbA1c Screening Study Group, Müller UA, Junghänel J, Köhler S, Köhler C, Schumann M, Use G, de Valk HW, Blankestijn JG, de Bruin HJ, Bottomley J, Gillam S, Holmes J, Murphy M; TARDIS Steering Committee and UK centres, Madani SF, Müller R, Hunger Dathe W, Grüßer M, Roien D, Hussain M, Vibe-Petersen J, Braun A, Schiel R, Höfer A, Leppert K, Trento M, Passera P, Tomalino M, Bajardi M, Vaccari P, Pagnozzi F, Pomero F, Molinatti GM, Porta M, Blaauwwiekel EE, Hania M, Scholten-Jaegers SM, Links TP, Perciun R, Dumitrescu C, Skeie S, Thue G, Sandberg S, Nordfeldt S, Ludvigsson J, García R, Suárez R, Henry JL, Kangas M, Wilson PH, Pibernik M, Szabo S, Metelko Ž, González-Clemente JM, Galdon G, De Pedro B, Fontanals L, Miñarro A, Topsever P, Azık A, Karşıdaǧ K, Dündar Y, Şengül A, Vileikyte L, Apostolou T, Tomenson B, Bundy CH, Gokal R, Gormley DA; WHO/IDF Patient Empowerment Workshop, Baksi AK, Hrachovinová T, Csémy L, Bartášková D, Krch FD, Gåfvels MC, Lithner F, Branchtein L, Matos MC, Gaio D, Yamashita T, Pousada JM, Duncan BB, Schmidt MI; Brazilian Gestational Diabetes Study Group, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH, Tan S, Peters RK, Trigo E, Kjos SL, Lee WP, Azen S, Ilic S, Mezic J, Pettitt DJ, Bastyr EJ, Camps I, Salcedo MD, Rius F, Rubio M, Baptista C, Martins T, Ruas MM, Acosta D, Cerrillos L, Soto A, Quijada D, Morales F, Silva H, García-Hernandez N, Villamil F, Astorga R, Selby PL, Jude EB, Biggs AM, Al-Sabbagh S, Kumar S, Rowbotham J, McKenzie WE, Dodson PM, Barnett AH, Maresh M, Alevizaki M, Anastasiou E, Grigorakis SI, Philippou G, Michalopoulou G, Souvatzoglou A, Corcoy R, Pau E, Pascual E, García-Patterson A, Albareda ML, Ccrmeño J, Altirriba O, Adelantado JM, Ubeda J, Endocrinologia S, Reichelt AJ, Nucci L, Teixeira MM, Costa-E-Forti A, Ciampalini P, Giannone G, Benedetti S, Borrelli P, Czerniawska M, Manowska B, Rami B, Schober E, Hueppe A, Granditsch G, Huber W, Bittmann B, Jaeger A, Saukkonen T, Väisänen S, Savilahti E; Childhood Diabetes in Finland Study Group, Šumník Z, Kotalová R, Loudová M, Cinek O, Šnajderová M, Kolousková S, Vavřinec J, Barbato M, Viola T, Formisano M, Hovind P, Adler IA; UK Prospective Diabetes Study Group, Makita Z, Takeuchi M, Kamada Y, Koike T, Courrèges JP, Pradier P, Bacha J, Aboud E, André L, Lamarca R; Service of internal medecine - diabetologia - vascular diseases, Janeczko-Sosnowska E, Lewandowski Z, Janeczko D, Kopczyñski J, Nakagami T, Tomonaga O, Babazono T, Iwamoto Y, Nakanishi K, Higa M, Kosugi E, Elving LD, Szadkowska A, Mirecka MW, Czerniawska E, Weekers L, Hadjadj S, Belloum R, Gallois Y, Bouhanick B, Marre M, Saucha W, Skwarna B, Zychma M, Żukowska-Szczechowska E, Zychma MJ, Zukowska-Szczechowska E, Nazim J, Dziatkowiak H, Sanak M, Cieślik G, Nannipieri M, Viberti GC, De Cosmo S, Piras G, Errannini E, Uchigata Y, Miura J, Okada T, Gong JS, Zhang J, Tanaka M, Wamoto Y, Zucaro L, Bacci S, Miscio G, Thomas M, Piras GP, Cavallo Perin P, Mauer M, Barzon I, Bortoloso E, Saller A, Crepaldi G, Latif ZA, Christensen PK, V Larsen S, Olsen S, Bombonato G, Sacerdoti D, Chiesura-Corona M, Marangon A, Rudberg S, Rasmussen L, Bangstad HJ, Ösrterby R, Sivous GI, Kasatkina EP, Demurov LM, Nosikov VV, Kotova AK, Kuraeva TL, Mishina II, Gorashko NM, Nosicov VV, Petercova VA, Berrut G, Alhenc-Gelas F, Tsimaratos M, Gerbi A, Barone R, Ollerton RL, Playle RA, Luzio SD, Evans WD, Burch A, Siebenhofer A, Meinitzer A, Brandmaier H, Brunner G, Plank J, West P, Tindall H, McKenna K, Smith D, Tormey W, Kesson CM, Thompson CJ, Penno G, Anichini R, Bandinelli S, Boldrini E, Giannarelli R, Piazza F, Pucci L, Karunakaran S, Morris RJ, Nádas J, Farkas K, Daróczy A, Péterfai É, Svensson M, Weigert C, Facchin S, Gambaro G, Brodbeck K, Schleicher E, Tada H, Nomura K, Kuboki K, Tsukamoto M, Inokuchi T, Menè P, Pugliese F, Iino K, Yoshinari M, Iwase M, Asano T, Sonoki K, Wakisaka M, Takata Y, Ujishima M, Del Prete D, Anglani F, Antonucci F, Mauri JM, Vallés M, Gutiérrez C, Vendrell J, Shinada M, Akdeniz A, Panagiotopoulos P, Bach LA, Law VA, Lecomte PP, Yokota C, Okuda Y, Odawara M, Yamashita K, Yamada N, Kawai K, Açbay Ö, Mazlum A, Kural E, Gündoğdu S, Jensen C, Körner A, Eklöf AC, Jaremko G, Lal M, DiBona G, Aperia A, Yavuz DG, Tuncer M, Sargon M, Küçükkaya B, Ahıskalı R, Akalın S, Nohara E, Oates PJ, Ellery CA, Yonem A, Azal O, Cakýr B, Erdogan MF, Corakcý A, Ozdemir IC, Stevens RJ, Yudkin JS, Webber J, Wheeler DC, Taylor KG, Jones SL, Srivatsa A, Anderson SG, Cruikshank JK, Florkowski CM, Scott RS, Graham PJ, Moir CL, Flores C, Ruggenenti P, Dodesini AR, Vasile B, Gaspari F, Arnoldi F, Ferrari S, Ciocca I, Spalluzzi A, Remuzzi G, Delvigne C, Ballaux D, Bosman DR, Winkler AS, Marsden J, Watkins PJ, Strutton D, Erbey JR, Jacobsen P, Rossing K, Jensen JS, Mansfield MW, Kowalska I, Telejko B, Bachórzewska-Gajewska A, Prokop J, Kochman W, Musiał W, Naskręt D, Oleksa R, Zozulińska D, Sowiński J, Wierusz-Wysocka B, Klamann A, Jonas M, Müller-Lung U, Heuser L, Launhardt V, Valensi P, Pariès J, Torremocha F, Brulport V, Sachs RN, Vanzetto G, Levy M, Lormeau B, Halimi S, Perfornis A, Boumal D, Zimmermann C, Bernard Y, Sabbah A, Meneveau N, Gautier S, Bassand JP, Anděl M, Kraml P, Potočková J, Dvořáková H, Trešlová L, Nuttall SL, Martin U, Kendall MJ, Schiaffini R, Pantaleo A, Battocletti T, Vaccari V, Brufani C, Martuscelli E, Gargiulo P, Nieszner E, Posa I, Kocsis E, Préda I, Pogatsa G, Koltai MZ, Stefanidis A, Manoussakis S, Handanis S, Zairis M, Vitalis D, Dadiotis L, Fiorina P, La Rocca E, Astorri E, Rossetti C, Lucignani G, Giudici D, Castoldi R, Mazarakis N, Giagiakou E, Karavidas A, Agellou A, Karamani O, Matsakas E, Caviezel F, Morricone L, Ranucci M, Denti S, Cazzaniga A, Enrini R, Isgrò G, González de Molina FJ, Sala J, Masià R, Marrugat J, Kruszewski P, Wolnik B, Bieniaszewski L, Świerblewska E, Semetkowska-Jurkiewicz E, Krupa-Wojciechowska B, Vasilikos PG, Alaveras AE, Anastasopoulos NG, Chala E, Sidira M, Christakopoulos PD, Poulsen PL, Hansen KW, Ebbehøj E, Knudsen ST, Mogensen CE, Ramu Y, Vidyullatha Y, Strojek K, Gorska J, Morawin E, Ritz E, Ciavarella A, Malini PL, Strocchi E, Fiumi N, Ambrosioni E, Idzior-Waluś B, Stevens L, McEneny J, O'Kane MJ, Moles KW, McMaster C, Young IS, Leonhardt W, Konstadelou E, Gürlek A, Soedamah-Muthu S, Taskinen MR, Ehnholm C, Wägner A, Bayen L, Rigla M, Ortega E, Caixàs A, Mestrón A, Ordóñez J, Pérez A, Sotiropoulou G, Servais PL, Bertolotto A, Pilo M, Suchánková G, Andratschke S, Tschöp M, Strasburger CJ, Rizzo L, Aerts P, Vinckx M, Ansquer JC, Ryan M, Buter H, Navis GJ, de Jong PE, de Zeeuw D, Carreras G, Giménez G, Pou JM, Howorka K, Gabriel M, Pumprla J, Köves A, Bhowmik NB, Haque A, Rahman A, Paleari F, Gamba P, Mauri G, Rovaris G, Giannattasio C, Piatti ML, Zincone A, Cavaletti G, Mancia G, Lan S, Arezzo J, Gerber RA, Klioze SS, Saponara C, Tartaglione T, Cercone S, Caputo S, Meloni T, Brunetti D, Di Lazzaro V, Xu G, Jiang HY, Shy ME, Sugimoto K, Zhang WX, Kuchmerovskaya T, Donchenko G, Shymansky I, Kuchmerovsky N, Pakyrbaeva L, Cameron NE, Keegan A, Cotter MA, Mirrlees D, Smale SE, Biessels GJ, Duis SE, Kamal A, Gispen WH, Carrington A, Carman S, Smiarowski H, Lavoie D, Sawicki D, Sabetta A, Litchfield J, Van Zandt M, Sredy J, Smirnova V, Strokov I, Ivanova L, Ichunina A, Nakamura J, Nakayama M, Hamada Y, Chaya S, Kato K, Kasuya Y, Mizubayashi R, Miwa K, Yasuda Y, Kamiya H, Hotta N, Bíró K, Kukorelli T, Szilágyi N, Kürthy M, Komáromy A, Mogyorosi T, Nagy K, Çakir M, Baskal N, Güllü S, Elhan AH, Erdogan G, Ziegler D, Piolot R, Neubauer J, Senesi B, Bonetti R, Napolitano A, Canepa F, Ottonello P, Schabmann A, Giménez-Pérez G, Arroyo JA, López T, Ponz E, Mauricio D, Diem P, Zanchin L, Suter SL, Lefrandt JD, Smit A, van Roon AM, Dullaart R, Voita D, Mackevics V, Vitols A, Lengyel C, Farkas G, Török T, Légrády P, Várkonyi TT, Kardos A, Gingl Z, Kempler P, Rudas L, Lonovics J, Marchand M, Stevens LK, Tarnás G; EURODIAB IDDM Study Group, Estrella F, Christensen NJ, Keresztes K, Barna I, Hermányi Z, Vargha P, Bonnevie L, Chanudet X, Larroque P, Tutuncu NB, Deger A, Batur MK, Yildirir A, Onalan O, Aksöyek S, Kabakçι G, Erbaş T, Galicka-Latała D, Surdacki A, Gerritsen J, TenVoorde BJ, Heethaar RM, Tagawa TS, Kodama M, Yoshioka R, Yamasaki Y, Didangelos T, Athyros V, Kontopoulos A, Papageorgiou A, Karamitsos D, Lacigová S, Rušavý Z, Kárová R, Perrild H, Kay L, Jørgensen T, Bień AI, Witek P, Geraldes E, Rodrigues D, Pereira L, Doménech A, Leitão P, Anagnostopoulos D, Foster AV, Nag S, Barsoum M, Lewis G, Dunlop N, Connolly V, Bilous R, Kelly W, Chantelau E, Gede A, Sharman D, O'Halloran D, Best C, Abbas ZG, Lutale J, Gill GV, Jarvis WR, Archibald LK, Corcoran S, Mansell J, Pibworth L, Terada H, Shiba T, Utugi N, Utugi T, Blum M, Strobel J, Höffken K, Razvi FM, Kritzinger EE, Taylor K, Jones S, Illahi W, Grüβer M, Hartmann P, Hoffstadt K, van Leiden HA, Moll AC, Polak BC, Pietragalla GB, Maurino M, Montanaro M, Karadeniz Ş, Tommasini P, Quadrini C, Demiraj V, Rispoli E, Ota A, Takama H, Saito N, Hemández C, Lepore D, Antico L, Giardina B, Franconi F, Michoud E, Chamot S, Riva C, Hammes HP, Renner O, Breier G, Lin J, Alt A, Betzholtz C, Bretzel RG 3rd, Manti R, Gallo M, Molinar Hin A, Brignardello E, Boccuzzi G, Li S, Xiang K, Zhang R, Shangguan X, Wu J, Donnan PT, Broomhall J, Hunter K, Morris AD; DARTS/MEMO Collaboration, Ioannidis G, Peppa M, Rontogianni E, Kallifronas M, Lekatsas I, Chrysanthopoulou G, Anthopoulos L, Kesse M, Thalassinos N, Neves C, Medina JL, Lopes F, Yılmaz M, Güvener N, Güvener M, Kocagöz T, Böke E, Paşaoglu I, Bascil Tutuncu N, Oto A, Karvonen MK, Koulu M, Pesonen U, Mercuri M, Rauramaa R; Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications (EDC) Study, Rutter MK, Kestevan P, McComb JM, Marshall SM, Sobieska M, Wiktorowicz K, Kanters SD, Banga JD, Algra A, Frijns CJ, Beutler JJ, Fijnheer R, Nicoloff G, Baydanoff S, Stanimirova N, Petrova C, Lario S, Campistol JM, Cases A, Clària J, Iñigo P, Esmatjcs E, Sármán B, Tóth M, Kocsis I, Somogyi A, Bumbure A, Jachimowicz K, Samson J, Tomasiak M, Sobol A, Stańczyk L, Watala C, Stradina P, Wiśniewska-Jarosińska M, Marciniak D, Więcławska B, Watała C, Golański J, Zinnat R, Mahmud I, Büyükasik Y, Demiroğlu H, Szczepanik A, Skowroński M, Murawska A, Meeking DR, Allard S, Munday J, Chowienczyk P, Shaw KM, Cummings MH, Šimková R, Jirsa M, Hadoke PW, McIntyre CA, Jones GC, Williams BC, Elliott AI, McKnight JA, Pernow J, Bombonato GC, Finucci GF, Zotta L, Senses V, Ozyazgan S, Ince E, Tunçdemir M, Oztürk M, Sultuybek G, Akkan AG, Özyazgan S, Unlücerci Y, Bekpınar S, Meyer MF, Lee BC, Shore AC, Humphreys JM, Tooke JE, Dell'Omo G, Giovannitti G, Caricato F, Mariani M, Pedrinelli R, Kiviet-Boehm C, Schwelling V, Matthäei S, Pfohl M, McInerney D, Itoh H, Ohno T, Katoh N, Baumgartner-Parzer S, Artwohl M, Graier W, Ludwig C, Tachi Y, Bannai C, Shinohara M, Shimpuku H, Ohura K, Bertacca A, Sasvári M, Szaleczki E, Pusztai P, Boes U, Klaus E, Dittrich P, Wagner Z, Wittmann I, Pótó L, Wagner L, Mazák I, Nagy J, Feletto F, Taboga C, Tonutti L, Lizzio S, Russo A, Selmo V, Ceriello A, Lekakis J, Papamichael CM, Stamatelopoulos K, Stamatelopoulos S, Yillar DO, Gay M, Lillaz E, Passaro A, Vanini A, Calzoni F, D'Elia K, Carantoni M, Zuliani G, Fellin R, Solini A, Chwatko G, Bald E, Dramais AS, Wallemacq PE, Vandeleene B, Ciaria MV, Ariano M, Strom R, Gibney J, Weiss U, Turner B, O'Gorman P, Watts G, Powrie J, Crook M, Shaw K, Cummings M. 35th Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes : Brussels, Belgium, 28 September-2 October 1999. 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435: Vajkoczy P, Vollmar B, Wolf B, Menger MD. Effects of cyclosporine A on the process of vascularization of freely transplanted islets of Langerhans. J Mol Med (Berl). 1999 Jan;77(1):111-4. PubMed PMID: 9930941.

436: Schilling L, Kanzler C, Schmiedek P, Ehrenreich H. Characterization of the relaxant action of urocortin, a new peptide related to corticotropin-releasing factor in the rat isolated basilar artery. Br J Pharmacol. 1998 Nov;125(6):1164-71. PubMed PMID: 9863643; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1565693.

437: Vatter H, Schilling L, Schmiedek P, Ehrenreich H. Evidence for functional endothelin-converting enzyme activity in isolated rat basilar artery: effect of inhibitors. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1998;31 Suppl 1:S64-7. PubMed PMID: 9595402.

438: Vajkoczy P, Schilling L, Ullrich A, Schmiedek P, Menger MD. Characterization of angiogenesis and microcirculation of high-grade glioma: an intravital multifluorescence microscopic approach in the athymic nude mouse. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1998 May;18(5):510-20. PubMed PMID: 9591843.

439: Vajkoczy P, Krakow K, Stodieck S, Pohlmann-Eden B, Schmiedek P. Modified approach for the selective treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy: transsylvian-transcisternal mesial en bloc resection. J Neurosurg. 1998 May;88(5):855-62. PubMed PMID: 9576254.

440: Piepgras A, Roth H, Schürer L, Tillmans R, Quintel M, Herrmann P, Schmiedek P. Rapid active internal core cooling for induction of moderate hypothermia in head injury by use of an extracorporeal heat exchanger. Neurosurgery. 1998 Feb;42(2):311-7; discussion 317-8. PubMed PMID: 9482181.

441: Niebergall-Roth E, Teyssen S, Wetzel D, Hartel M, Beglinger C, Riepl RL, Singer MV. Effects of telenzepine and L-364,718 on canine pancreatic secretion before and after vagotomy. Am J Physiol. 1997 Jun;272(6 Pt 1):G1550-9. PubMed PMID: 9227493.

442: Schilling L, Wahl M. Brain edema: pathogenesis and therapy. Kidney Int Suppl. 1997 Jun;59:S69-75. Review. PubMed PMID: 9185109.

443: Schürer L, Münch E, Piepgras A, Weigel R, Schilling L, Schmiedek P. Assessment of the CAMINO intracranial pressure device in clinical practice. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 1997;70:296-8. PubMed PMID: 9416352.

444: Vajkoczy P, Menger MD. Improved islet isolation by 10% albumin does not influence graft angiogenesis and vascularization. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 1997;105(3):152-5. PubMed PMID: 9228511.

445: Schilling L, Feger GI, Ehrenreich H, Wahl M. Cerebrovascular effects of endothelin-3: modulation of contraction by nitric oxide is independent of endothelin B receptor activation. Neurol Res. 1996 Jun;18(3):281-5. PubMed PMID: 8837069.

446: Gröpl TG, Hesser J, Kröll J, Männer R, Poliwoda C, Reinhart C, Hassfeld S, Jäger W, Quien N, Simon J, Wirth J. Interactive operation planning and control with VIRIM. Stud Health Technol Inform. 1996;29:121-33. PubMed PMID: 10172839.

447: Piepgras A, Thomé C, Schmiedek P. Characterization of an anterior circulation rat subarachnoid hemorrhage model. Stroke. 1995 Dec;26(12):2347-52. PubMed PMID: 7491662.

448: Brunner J, Gattaz WF. Intracerebral injection of phospholipase A2 inhibits dopamine-mediated behavior in rats: possible implications for schizophrenia. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1995;246(1):13-6. PubMed PMID: 8773214.

449: Schilling L, Feger GI, Ehrenreich H, Wahl M. Endothelin-1-induced contraction and relaxation of isolated rat basilar artery: effect of the endothelium. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1995;26 Suppl 3:S197-9. PubMed PMID: 8587361.

450: Lange M, Pagotto U, Hopfner U, Ehrenreich H, Oeckler R, Sinowatz F, Stalla GK. Endothelin expression in normal human anterior pituitaries and pituitary adenomas. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Dec;79(6):1864-70. PubMed PMID: 7527415.

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Wolf ME, Klockziem M, Majewski O, Schulte DM, Krauss JK, Blahak C. Implementation of New Technology in Patients with Chronic Deep Brain Stimulation: Switching from Non-Rechargeable Constant Voltage to Rechargeable Constant Current Stimulation. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2020 Jan 16:1-7. doi: 10.1159/000505076. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31945765.
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mannheim.txt · Last modified: 2020/01/17 21:31 by administrador