moyamoya_syndrome

To evaluate the value of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging of the vessel wall (VWI) for differentiating moyamoya disease (MMD) from atherosclerotic moyamoya syndrome (AS-MMS).

Materials and methods: Twenty-one patients with MMD or AS-MMS were assessed retrospectively by two independent raters regarding and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) stage grading score; collateral development in the lateral fissure and basal ganglia on MRA; and pattern of the thickening of the arterial wall; presence, degree, and pattern of enhancement; presence and distribution of deep tiny flow voids (DTFVs) and collateral development in the lateral fissure and basal ganglia on VWI. After univariate analysis between the two groups, logistic regression models based on imaging findings of MRA or VWI were implemented respectively, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to compare the discriminatory power of the two imaging methods for diagnosis of MMD. Interrater agreement was analysed using an unweighted Cohen's κ or interclass correlation coefficient (ICC).

Results: MMD manifested as more concentric thickening, more homogeneous enhancement, higher presence of DTFV, smaller outer-wall boundary area of stenosis or occlusion, and smaller remodelling index on VWI. After Bonferroni-Holm correction for multiple comparisons, for AS-MMS, collaterals in both the lateral fissure and basal ganglia were not usually present on either MRA or VWI. The diagnostic performance of the multivariate logistic regression model based on VWI with an accuracy of 87.1% for classification was higher than MRA. Interrater agreement was moderate or substantial for all the imaging findings.

High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging of the vessel wall (VWI) might be a useful and feasible method for differentiating moyamoya disease (MMD) from atherosclerotic moyamoya syndrome (AS-MMS) and a prospective tool for guiding first-line treatment 1).


1)
Yang S, Wang X, Liao W, Li L, Tan Z, Zhu L, Hu P, Cui X, Xing W. High-resolution MRI of the vessel wall helps to distinguish moyamoya disease from atherosclerotic moyamoya syndrome. Clin Radiol. 2021 Feb 11:S0009-9260(21)00018-0. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2020.12.023. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33583567.
  • moyamoya_syndrome.txt
  • Last modified: 2021/12/09 13:11
  • by administrador