A newborn or neonate is an infant who is only hours, days, or up to a few weeks old.

In medical contexts, newborn or neonate (from Latin, neonatus, newborn) refers to an infant in the first 28 days after birth; the term applies to premature infants, postmature infants, and full-term infants. Before birth, the term fetus is used.

Rhee et al. reviewed neonate pressure autoregulation and autoregulation monitoring techniques with a focus on brain protection. Current clinical therapies have failed to fully prevent permanent brain injury in neonates. Adjuvant treatments that support and optimize autoregulation may improve neurologic outcomes 1).

Awareness of risk factors for the development of hydrocephalus in newborn infants with germinal matrix hemorrhage should be emphasized in order to enable an early diagnosis of ventriculomegaly and symptomatic hydrocephalus and thus make a correct therapeutic decision 2).

The neonatal state of infants can be quantitatively and automatically evaluated using video cameras, and the activity level can be used to determine an appropriate time for procedures in infants. This will reduce the burden on medical staff and lead to less stressful procedures for infants 3).

Rhee CJ, da Costa CS, Austin T, Brady KM, Czosnyka M, Lee JK. Neonatal cerebrovascular autoregulation. Pediatr Res. 2018 Sep 8. doi: 10.1038/s41390-018-0141-6. [Epub ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 30196311.
Romero L, Ros B, Arráez M, Ríus F, González L, Martín A, Carrasco A, Segura M. Analysis of risk factors for hydrocephalus development in newborn infants with germinal matrix hemorrhage. Minerva Pediatr. 2015 Oct;67(5):401-6. PubMed PMID: 26377778.
Kodama Y, Okamoto J, Imai K, Asano H, Uchiyama A, Masamune K, Wada M, Muragaki Y. Video-based neonatal state assessment method for timing of procedures. Pediatr Int. 2020 Oct 8. doi: 10.1111/ped.14501. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33034092.
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  • Last modified: 2020/10/09 13:03
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