Neurosurgical Focus Articles

1: Bilsky MH, Gokaslan Z, Shin JH, Dea N, Ynoe de Moraes F. Introduction. Treatment of spinal cord and spinal axial tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS21113. PMID: 33932941.

2: Meleis A, Larkin MB, Bastos DCA, Muir MT, Rao G, Rhines LD, Cowles CE, Tatsui CE. Single-center outcomes for percutaneous pedicle screw fixation in metastatic spinal lesions: can spontaneous facet fusion occur? Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS20671. PMID: 33932939.

3: Viezens L, Dreimann M, Eicker SO, Heuer A, Koepke LG, Mohme M, Krätzig T, Stangenberg M. Posterior vertebral column resection as a safe procedure leading to solid bone fusion in metastatic epidural spinal cord compression. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201087. PMID: 33932938.

4: Hubertus V, Gempt J, Mariño M, Sommer B, Eicker SO, Stangenberg M, Dreimann M, Janssen I, Wipplinger C, Wagner A, Lange N, Jörger AK, Czabanka M, Rohde V, Schaller K, Thomé C, Vajkoczy P, Onken JS, Meyer B. Surgical management of spinal metastases involving the cervicothoracic junction: results of a multicenter, European observational study. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201067. PMID: 33932937.

5: Vargas E, Lockney DT, Mummaneni PV, Haddad AF, Rivera J, Tan X, Jamieson A, Mahmoudieh Y, Berven S, Braunstein SE, Chou D. An analysis of tumor-related potential spinal column instability (Spine Instability Neoplastic Scores 7-12) eventually requiring surgery with a 1-year follow-up. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201098. PMID: 33932936.

6: Massaad E, Williams N, Hadzipasic M, Patel SS, Fourman MS, Kiapour A, Schoenfeld AJ, Shankar GM, Shin JH. Performance assessment of the metastatic spinal tumor frailty index using machine learning algorithms: limitations and future directions. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201113. PMID: 33932935.

7: De la Garza Ramos R, Park C, McCray E, Price M, Wang TY, Dalton T, Baëta C, Erickson MM, Foster N, Pennington Z, Shin JH, Sciubba DM, Than KD, Karikari IO, Shaffrey CI, Abd-El-Barr MM, Yassari R, Goodwin CR. Interhospital transfer status for spinal metastasis patients in the United States is associated with more severe clinical presentations and higher rates of inpatient complications. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201085. PMID: 33932934.

8: Bilsky MH, Barzilai O. Editorial. Multiple myeloma presenting as an unknown primary disease: to operate or not to operate, that is the question. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS21108. PMID: 33932933.

9: Channel IC, Damara FA, Ramdhani AN, Anton A. Letter to the Editor. Diagnosis of subarachnoid neurocysticercosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E24. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS201006. PMID: 33932932.

10: Westphal M, Mende KC, Eicker SO. Refining the treatment of spinal cord lesions: experience from 500 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E22. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201107. PMID: 33932931.

11: Cepeda S, Sarabia R. Letter to the Editor. Intraoperative ultrasound elastography applied in meningioma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E23. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS2115. PMID: 33932930.

12: Kimchi G, Knoller N, Korn A, Eyal-Mazuz Y, Sapir Y, Peled A, Harel R. Delayed variations in the diagnostic accuracy of intraoperative neuromonitoring in the resection of intramedullary spinal cord tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E21. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201084. PMID: 33932929.

13: Kilinc F, Setzer M, Marquardt G, Keil F, Dubinski D, Bruder M, Seifert V, Behmanesh B. Functional outcome and morbidity after microsurgical resection of spinal meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E20. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201116. PMID: 33932928.

14: Burks JD, Elarjani T, Jamshidi AM, Govindarajan V, Levi AD. Vertebral multiple myeloma with pathological fracture: the most common etiology for emergency spine surgery in patients with no cancer diagnosis on admission. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201038. PMID: 33932927.

15: Visco ZR, Liu DD, Leary OP, Oyelese AA, Gokaslan ZL, Camara-Quintana JQ, Galgano MA. A transpedicular approach to complex ventrally situated thoracic intradural extramedullary tumors: technique, indications, and multiinstitutional case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E19. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS20968. PMID: 33932926.

16: Ampie L, Snyder MH, Dominguez JF, Buchholz A, Yen CP, Shaffrey ME, Syed HR, Shaffrey CI, Smith JS. Clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes for patients who undergo cytoreductive surgery for thoracic meningiomas: a retrospective analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E18. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS20977. PMID: 33932925.

17: Pennington Z, Ehresman J, Elsamadicy AA, Shin JH, Goodwin CR, Schwab JH, Sciubba DM. Systematic review of charged-particle therapy for chordomas and sarcomas of the mobile spine and sacrum. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E17. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201059. PMID: 33932924.

18: Dandurand C, Fisher CG, Rhines LD, Boriani S, Charest-Morin R, Gasbarrini A, Luzzati A, Reynolds JJ, Wei F, Gokaslan ZL, Bettegowda C, Sciubba DM, Lazary A, Kawahara N, Clarke MJ, Rampersaud YR, Disch AC, Chou D, Shin JH, Hornicek FJ, Laufer I, Sahgal A, Dea N. Feasibility of achieving planned surgical margins in primary spine tumor: a PTRON study. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201091. PMID: 33932923.

19: Chakravarthy VB, Khan HA, Srivatsa S, Emch T, Chao ST, Krishnaney AA. Factors associated with adjacent-level tumor progression in patients receiving surgery followed by radiosurgery for metastatic epidural spinal cord compression. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201097. PMID: 33932922.

20: Neal MT, Richards AE, Curley KL, Patel NP, Ashman JB, Vora SA, Kalani MA. Carbon fiber-reinforced PEEK instrumentation in the spinal oncology population: a retrospective series demonstrating technique, feasibility, and clinical outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS20995. PMID: 33932921.

21: Massaad E, Rolle M, Hadzipasic M, Kiapour A, Shankar GM, Shin JH. Safety and efficacy of cement augmentation with fenestrated pedicle screws for tumor- related spinal instability. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201121. PMID: 33932920.

22: Newman WC, Amin AG, Villavieja J, Laufer I, Bilsky MH, Barzilai O. Short- segment cement-augmented fixation in open separation surgery of metastatic epidural spinal cord compression: initial experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS217. PMID: 33932919.

23: Echt M, Stock A, De la Garza Ramos R, Der E, Hamad M, Holland R, Cezayirli P, Nasser R, Yanamadala V, Yassari R. Separation surgery for metastatic epidural spinal cord compression: comparison of a minimally invasive versus open approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 May;50(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2021.2.FOCUS201124. PMID: 33932918.

24: Lobb DC, Patel SK, Pan BS, Skoch J. Partial suturectomy for phenotypical craniosynostosis caused by incomplete fusion of cranial sutures: a novel surgical solution. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS201024. PMID: 33794501.

25: Beuriat PA, Szathmari A, Chauvel-Picard J, Gleizal A, Paulus C, Mottolese C, Di Rocco F. Coronal and lambdoid suture evolution following total vault remodeling for scaphocephaly. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS201004. PMID: 33794500.

26: Frank N, Beinemann J, Thieringer FM, Benitez BK, Kunz C, Guzman R, Soleman J. The need for overcorrection: evaluation of computer-assisted, virtually planned, fronto-orbital advancement using postoperative 3D photography. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS201026. PMID: 33794499.

27: Baker CM, Ravindra VM, Gociman B, Siddiqi FA, Goldstein JA, Smyth MD, Lee A, Anderson RCE, Patel KB, Birgfeld C, Pollack IF, Imahiyerobo T, Kestle JRW; Synostosis Research Group. Management of sagittal synostosis in the Synostosis Research Group: baseline data and early outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS201029. PMID: 33794498.

28: Schulz M, Liebe-Püschel L, Seelbach K, Paulikat L, Fehlhaber F, Schwarz K, Blecher C, Thomale UW. Quantitative and qualitative comparison of morphometric outcomes after endoscopic and conventional correction of sagittal and metopic craniosynostosis versus control groups. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS20988. PMID: 33794497.

29: Berry KM. Erratum. Biographies of international women leaders in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2021.3.FOCUS201096a. PMID: 33794496.

30: Yengo-Kahn AM, Akinnusotu O, Wiseman AL, Owais Abdul Ghani M, Shannon CN, Golinko MS, Bonfield CM. Sport participation and related head injuries following craniosynostosis correction: a survey study. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS20970. PMID: 33794495.

31: Hayward R. Editorial. Disparities in access to healthcare and the neurosurgeon. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS2124. PMID: 33794494.

32: Hoffman C, Valenti AB, Odigie E, Warren K, Premaratne ID, Imahiyerobo TA. Impact of health disparities on treatment for single-suture craniosynostosis in an era of multimodal care. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS201000. PMID: 33794493.

33: Mohanty A, Frank TS, Mohamed S, Godwin K, Malkani GG. Ultra-early synostectomy and cranial remodeling orthoses in the management of craniosynostoses. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS201014. PMID: 33794492.

34: Di Rocco C. Editorial. Is the helmet doing most of the job in the endoscopic correction of craniosynostosis? Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS2125. PMID: 33794491.

35: Frostell A, Haghighi M, Bartek J, Sandvik U, Gustavsson B, Elmi-Terander A, Edström E. Improved cephalic index following early cranial vault remodeling in patients with isolated nonsyndromic sagittal synostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS201017. PMID: 33794490.

36: Wilson AT, Gaillard L, Versnel SL, Spoor JKH, van Veelen MC, Mathijssen IMJ. Disappointing results of spring-assisted cranial vault expansion in patients with Crouzon syndrome presenting with sagittal synostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS20739. PMID: 33794489.

37: Bonfield CM, Shannon CN, Reeder RW, Browd S, Drake J, Hauptman JS, Kulkarni AV, Limbrick DD, McDonald PJ, Naftel R, Pollack IF, Riva-Cambrin J, Rozzelle C, Tamber MS, Whitehead WE, Kestle JRW, Wellons JC; Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (HCRN). Hydrocephalus treatment in patients with craniosynostosis: an analysis from the Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network prospective registry. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS20979. PMID: 33794488.

38: Di Rocco C, Kestle JRW, Hayward R, Taylor JA. Introduction. Controversies in the management of single-suture craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS2130. PMID: 33794486.

39: Bin Alamer O, Jimenez AE, Azad TD. Single-suture craniosynostosis and the epigenome: current evidence and a review of epigenetic principles. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Apr;50(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS201008. PMID: 33794485.

40: Sadler SJ, Yuki Ip HK, Kim E, Karekezi C, Robertson FC. Investing in the future: a call for strategies to empower and expand representation of women in neurosurgery worldwide. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20963. PMID: 33789242.

41: Woodfield J, Copley PC, Hughes M, Edlmann E. The gender gap in European neurosurgical conference presentations. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20885. PMID: 33789241.

42: Shah A. Yoko Kato: the silent warrior of neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20899. PMID: 33789240.

43: Lulla T, Behmer Hansen RT, Smith CA, Silva NA, Patel NV, Nanda A. Women neurosurgeons around the world: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20902. PMID: 33789239.

44: Olson S, McAlpine H, Cain SA, Mitchell R, Olsson G, Drummond KJ. Editorial. International women leaders in neurosurgery: past, present, and what the future must look like. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20949. PMID: 33789238.

45: Timmons SD. Editorial. Female authorship in neurosurgical journals: what remains to be done. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS201102. PMID: 33789237.

46: Veilleux C, Samuel N, Yan H, Bass V, Al-Shahrani R, Mansur A, Rutka JT, Zadeh G, Hodaie M, Milot G. Cross-sectional analysis of women in neurosurgery: a Canadian perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20959. PMID: 33789236.

47: Thum JA. Resiliency of a perpetual optimist: neurosurgeon Dr. Linda Liau. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E18. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20954. PMID: 33789235.

48: Karekezi C, Thango N, Aliu-Ibrahim SA, Bechri H, You Broalet EM, Bougrine M, Cheserem JB, Mbaye M, Shabhay ZA, Tighilt N, Bakhti S, El Abbadi N. History of African women in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20905. PMID: 33789234.

49: Thum JA, Chang D, Tata N, Liau LM. Neurosurgeons in 2020: the impact of gender on neurosurgical training, family planning, and workplace culture. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20965. PMID: 33789233.

50: Taha B, Sadda P, Winston G, Odigie E, Londono C, Greenfield JP, Pannullo SC, Hoffman C. Increases in female academic productivity and female mentorship highlight sustained progress in previously identified neurosurgical gender disparities. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20939. PMID: 33789232.

51: Wang K, Bhandarkar AR, Bauman MMJ, Riviere-Cazaux C, Rotter J, Scheitler KM, Renfrow JJ, Clarke MJ. International trends in grant and fellowship funding awarded to women in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20846. PMID: 33789231.

52: Pastor-Cabeza M, Torné R, García-Armengol R, Menéndez-Osorio B, Mosteiro- Cadaval A, Bollar A, Rimbau JM, Sarabia R, Rodríguez-Hernández A. Women's role in neurosurgical research: is the gender gap improving? Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20911. PMID: 33789230.

53: Rosseau GL, Timmons SD, Muraszko KM, Drummond KJ, Murphy M, Zanon N, Nejat F. Introduction. International women leaders in neurosurgery: past, present, and future. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS201088. PMID: 33789229.

54: Hdeib A, Elder T, Krivosheya D, Ojukwu DI, Wijesekera O, Defta D, Ben-Haim S, Benzil DL. History of Women in Neurosurgery (WINS). Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20944. PMID: 33789228.

55: Casillo SM, Venkatesh A, Muthiah N, Agarwal N, Scott T, Romani R, Fernández LL, Aristizabal S, Ginalis EE, Ozair A, Bhat V, Faruqi A, Bajaj A, Sonkar AA, Ikeda DS, Chiocca EA, Lonser RR, Sutton TE, McGregor JM, Rea GL, Schunemann VA, Ngwenya LB, Marlin ES, Porensky PN, Shaikhouni A, Huntoon K, Dornbos D, Shaw AB, Powers CJ, Gluski JM, Culver LG, Goodwin AM, Ham S, Marupudi NI, Bhat DI, Berry KM, Wu EM, Wang MY. Biographies of international women leaders in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E19. doi: 10.3171/2021.1.FOCUS201096. PMID: 33789227.

56: Ganju A, Mahajan UV, Kemeny H, Frankel HG, Benzil DL. Slow progress in the visibility of women in neurosurgery in the United States: opportunity for improvement. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20919. PMID: 33789226.

57: Bryant JP, Nwokoye DI, Cox MF, Mbabuike NS. The progression of diversity: Black women in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20945. PMID: 33789225.

58: Amarouche M, Uberti M, Evans GYHR, Singh N. Women in neurosurgery: where does the United Kingdom stand? Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Mar;50(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20957. PMID: 33789224.

59: Jiang B, Huang D, He W, Guo W; MM, Yin X; MM, Forsyth P, Lun X, Wang Z. Inhibition of glioma using a novel non-neurotoxic vesicular stomatitis virus. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Feb;50(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.11.FOCUS20839. PMID: 33524950.

60: Ene CI, Fueyo J, Lang FF. Delta-24 adenoviral therapy for glioblastoma: evolution from the bench to bedside and future considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Feb;50(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.11.FOCUS20853. PMID: 33524949.

61: Omar NB, Bentley RT, Crossman DK, Foote JB, Koehler JW, Markert JM, Platt SR, Rissi DR, Shores A, Sorjonen D, Yanke AB, Gillespie GY, Chambers MR. Safety and interim survival data after intracranial administration of M032, a genetically engineered oncolytic HSV-1 expressing IL-12, in pet dogs with sporadic gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Feb;50(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.11.FOCUS20844. PMID: 33524948.

62: Haddad AF, Young JS, Aghi MK. Using viral vectors to deliver local immunotherapy to glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Feb;50(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.11.FOCUS20859. PMID: 33524947; PMCID: PMC8011938.

63: Lu VM, Shah AH, Vallejo FA, Eichberg DG, Luther EM, Shah SS, Komotar RJ, Ivan ME. Clinical trials using oncolytic viral therapy to treat adult glioblastoma: a progress report. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Feb;50(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.11.FOCUS20860. PMID: 33524946.

64: Cuoco JA, Rogers CM, Mittal S. The oncolytic Newcastle disease virus as an effective immunotherapeutic strategy against glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Feb;50(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.11.FOCUS20842. PMID: 33524945.

65: Srinivasan VM, Lang FF, Kan P. Intraarterial delivery of virotherapy for glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Feb;50(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.11.FOCUS20845. PMID: 33524944.

66: Wang JL, Scheitler KM, Wenger NM, Elder JB. Viral therapies for glioblastoma and high-grade gliomas in adults: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Feb;50(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.11.FOCUS20854. PMID: 33524943.

67: Monie DD, Bhandarkar AR, Parney IF, Correia C, Sarkaria JN, Vile RG, Li H. Synthetic and systems biology principles in the design of programmable oncolytic virus immunotherapies for glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Feb;50(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.12.FOCUS20855. PMID: 33524942.

68: Burkhardt JK, Winkler EA, Catapano JS, Spetzler RF, Lawton MT. Surgical selection and outcomes among elderly patients with brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct 1;49(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20464. PMID: 33512984.

69: Muto J, Mine Y, Nakagawa Y, Joko M, Kagami H, Inaba M, Hasegawa M, Lee JYK, Hirose Y. Intraoperative real-time near-infrared optical imaging for the identification of metastatic brain tumors via microscope and exoscope. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20767. PMID: 33386024.

70: Xiao X, Kong L, Pan C, Zhang P, Chen X, Sun T, Wang M, Qiao H, Wu Z, Zhang J, Zhang L. The role of diffusion tensor imaging and tractography in the surgical management of brainstem gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20166. PMID: 33386023.

71: Larson P, Nakaji P, Stummer W, Pollina J. Introduction. Operative imaging and visualization: cutting edge techniques and future directions. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20910. PMID: 33386022.

72: Raheja A, Mishra S, Garg K, Katiyar V, Sharma R, Tandon V, Goda R, Suri A, Kale SS. Impact of different visualization devices on accuracy, efficiency, and dexterity in neurosurgery: a laboratory investigation. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E18. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20786. PMID: 33386021.

73: Höhne J, Schebesch KM, Zoubaa S, Proescholdt M, Riemenschneider MJ, Schmidt NO. Intraoperative imaging of brain tumors with fluorescein: confocal laser endomicroscopy in neurosurgery. Clinical and user experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E19. doi: 10.3171/2020.11.FOCUS20783. PMID: 33386020.

74: Malilay ORM, Ferraris KP, Navarro JEV. Editorial. Neurosurgical planning in a low-resource setting using free open-source three-dimensional volume-rendering software. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20772. PMID: 33386019.

75: Haemmerli J, Davidovic A, Meling TR, Chavaz L, Schaller K, Bijlenga P. Evaluation of the precision of operative augmented reality compared to standard neuronavigation using a 3D-printed skull. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E17. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20789. PMID: 33386018.

76: Schneider M, Kunz C, Pal'a A, Wirtz CR, Mathis-Ullrich F, Hlaváč M. Augmented reality-assisted ventriculostomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E16. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20779. PMID: 33386016.

77: Della Pepa GM, Menna G, Stifano V, Pezzullo AM, Auricchio AM, Rapisarda A, Caccavella VM, La Rocca G, Sabatino G, Marchese E, Olivi A. Predicting meningioma consistency and brain-meningioma interface with intraoperative strain ultrasound elastography: a novel application to guide surgical strategy. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E15. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20797. PMID: 33386015.

78: Shetty P, Yeole U, Singh V, Moiyadi A. Navigated ultrasound-based image guidance during resection of gliomas: practical utility in intraoperative decision-making and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20550. PMID: 33386014.

79: Staartjes VE, Seevinck PR, Vandertop WP, van Stralen M, Schröder ML. Magnetic resonance imaging-based synthetic computed tomography of the lumbar spine for surgical planning: a clinical proof-of-concept. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20801. PMID: 33386013.

80: Lauer M, Lauer A, You SJ, Kluge S, Hattingen E, Harter PN, Senft C, Wagner M, Voss M. Neurotoxicity of subarachnoid Gd-based contrast agent accumulation: a potential complication of intraoperative MRI? Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20402. PMID: 33386012.

81: Ille S, Schroeder A, Wagner A, Negwer C, Kreiser K, Meyer B, Krieg SM. Intraoperative MRI-based elastic fusion for anatomically accurate tractography of the corticospinal tract: correlation with intraoperative neuromonitoring and clinical status. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20774. PMID: 33386010.

82: Hanna G, Kim TT, Uddin SA, Ross L, Johnson JP. Video-assisted thoracoscopic image-guided spine surgery: evolution of 19 years of experience, from endoscopy to fully integrated 3D navigation. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20792. PMID: 33386009.

83: El Beltagy MA, Atteya MME. Benefits of endoscope-assisted microsurgery in the management of pediatric brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20620. PMID: 33386008.

84: Guinto-Nishimura GY, Gómez-Amador JL, Kerik-Rotenberg N, Uribe-Pacheco R, Sangrador-Deitos MV, Martínez-Manrique JJ. 68Ga-DOTATOC-PET/CT-guided resection of a primary intraosseous meningioma: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20771. PMID: 33386007.

85: Lee DH, Park JH, Lee JJ, Lee JB, Lee HJ, Kim IS, Hur JW, Hong JT. Intraoperative surveillance of the vertebral artery using indocyanine green angiography and Doppler sonography in craniovertebral junction surgeries. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20770. PMID: 33386006.

86: Teng CW, Huang V, Arguelles GR, Zhou C, Cho SS, Harmsen S, Lee JYK. Applications of indocyanine green in brain tumor surgery: review of clinical evidence and emerging technologies. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20782. PMID: 33386005.

87: Bettag C, Schregel K, Langer P, Thomas C, Behme D, Stadelmann C, Rohde V, Mielke D. Endoscope-assisted fluorescence-guided resection allowing supratotal removal in glioblastoma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20560. PMID: 33386004.

88: Smith LGF. Erratum. Advanced neuroimaging in traumatic brain injury: an overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E22. doi: 10.3171/2020.11.FOCUS19652a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 01;47(6):E17. PMID: 33386003.

89: Moen KG, Vik A. Letter to the Editor. Advanced neuroimaging in traumatic brain injury: error in citation. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E21. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20841. PMID: 33386002.

90: Barbagallo GMV, Certo F, Di Gregorio S, Maione M, Garozzo M, Peschillo S, Altieri R. Recurrent high-grade glioma surgery: a multimodal intraoperative protocol to safely increase extent of tumor resection and analysis of its impact on patient outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E20. doi: 10.3171/2020.10.FOCUS20744. PMID: 33386001.

91: Pessina F, Navarria P, Bellu L, Clerici E, Politi LS, Tropeano MP, Simonelli M, Fornari M, Scorsetti M. Treatment of patients with glioma during the COVID-19 pandemic: what we learned and what we take home for the future. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20704. PMID: 33260137.

92: Servadei F, Arráez MA, Chen J, Golfinos JG, Qureshi MM. Introduction. COVID-19 and neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20824. PMID: 33260136.

93: Bernucci C, Fanti A, Veiceschi P, Costi E, Sicignano AM, Brembilla C. Neurosurgeons on the front line: experience from the center of the storm in Italy. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20577. PMID: 33260135.

94: Raneri F, Rustemi O, Zambon G, Del Moro G, Magrini S, Ceccaroni Y, Basso E, Volpin F, Cappelletti M, Lardani J, Ferraresi S, Guida F, Chioffi F, Pinna G, Canova G, d'Avella D, Sala F, Volpin L. Neurosurgery in times of a pandemic: a survey of neurosurgical services during the COVID-19 outbreak in the Veneto region in Italy. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20691. PMID: 33260134.

95: Raheja A, Agarwal N, Mohapatra S, Tandon V, Borkar SA, Chandra PS, Kale SS, Suri A. Preparedness and guidelines for neurosurgery in the COVID-19 era: Indian perspective from a tertiary care referral hospital. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20564. PMID: 33260133.

96: Pramusinto H, Tamba DA, Subagio Y, Numberi TJ, Pramujo B, Sinanu FL, Ariasthapuri G, Bismantara H, Meliala A. The adjustment of neurosurgical procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic: a case study at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital as a part of an academic health system. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20699. PMID: 33260132.

97: Sahoo SK, Dhandapani S, Singh A, Gendle C, Karthigeyan M, Salunke P, Aggarwal A, Singla N, Singla R, Tripathi M, Chhabra R, Mohindra S, Tewari MK, Mohanty M, Bhagat H, Chakrabarti A, Gupta SK. COVID-19: changing patterns among neurosurgical patients from North India, efficacy of repeat testing, and inpatient prevalence. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20705. PMID: 33260131.

98: Suryaningtyas W, Wahyuhadi J, Turchan A, Subagio EA, Parenrengi MA, Apriawan T, Al Fauzi A, Bajamal AH. Neurosurgery at the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia: experience from a Surabaya academic tertiary hospital. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20559. PMID: 33260130.

99: Díaz-Bello S, Hernández-Hernández A, Guinto-Nishimura GY, Mondragón-Soto MG, Lem-Carrillo M, González-Aguilar A, Calleja-Castillo JM, Leyva-Rendón A, León- Ortiz P, Chávez-Piña CM, Pando-Tarín GA, Mejía-Pérez SI, Taboada-Barajas J, Zavala-Álvarez ED, Soto-Hernández JL, Cárdenas G, Gómez-Amador JL. Reconversion of neurosurgical practice in times of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: a narrative review of the literature and guideline implementation in a Mexican neurosurgical referral center. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20553. PMID: 33260129.

100: Lin Z, Zhang C, Zhang Y, Dai L, Voon V, Li D, Sun B. Deep brain stimulation telemedicine programming during the COVID-19 pandemic: treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20666. PMID: 33260128.

101: Champagne PO, McDowell MM, Wang EW, Snyderman CH, Zenonos GA, Gardner PA. Early practices in endonasal skull base surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic: a global survey. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20569. PMID: 33260127.

102: Mohanty A, Srinivasan VM, Burkhardt JK, Johnson J, Patel AJ, Sheth SA, Viswanathan A, Yoshor D, Kan P. Ambulatory neurosurgery in the COVID-19 era: patient and provider satisfaction with telemedicine. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20596. PMID: 33260126.

103: Ballestero MFM, Furlanetti L, de Oliveira RS. Pediatric neurosurgery during the COVID-19 pandemic: update and recommendations from the Brazilian Society of Pediatric Neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20703. PMID: 33260125.

104: El-Ghandour NMF, Ezzat AAM, Zaazoue MA, Gonzalez-Lopez P, Jhawar BS, Soliman MAR. Virtual learning during the COVID-19 pandemic: a turning point in neurosurgical education. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E18. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20634. PMID: 33260124.

105: Celtikci E, Karaaslan B, Börcek AÖ, Emmez OH. Reduced field of view under the surgical microscope due to personal protective equipment: lessons learned during the COVID-19 pandemic. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20370. PMID: 33260123.

106: Ferraris KP, Golidtum JP, Zuñiga BKW, Bautista MCG, Alcazaren JC, Seng K, Navarro JE. Recapitulating the Bayesian framework for neurosurgical outpatient care and a cost-benefit analysis of telemedicine for socioeconomically disadvantaged patients in the Philippines during the pandemic. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20695. PMID: 33260122.

107: Lazaro T, Srinivasan VM, Rahman M, Asthagiri A, Barkhoudarian G, Chambless LB, Kan P, Rao G, Nahed BV, Patel AJ. Virtual education in neurosurgery during the COVID-19 pandemic. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20672. PMID: 33260121.

108: Dash C, Venkataram T, Goyal N, Chaturvedi J, Raheja A, Singla R, Sardhara J, Gupta R. Neurosurgery training in India during the COVID-19 pandemic: straight from the horse's mouth. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20537. PMID: 33260120.

109: Doglietto F, Vezzoli M, Biroli A, Saraceno G, Zanin L, Pertichetti M, Calza S, Agosti E, Aliaga Arias JM, Assietti R, Bellocchi S, Bernucci C, Bistazzoni S, Bongetta D, Fanti A, Fioravanti A, Fiorindi A, Franzin A, Locatelli D, Pugliese R, Roca E, Sicuri GM, Stefini R, Venturini M, Vivaldi O, Zattra C, Zoia C, Fontanella MM. Anxiety in neurosurgical patients undergoing nonurgent surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Dec;49(6):E19. doi: 10.3171/2020.9.FOCUS20681. PMID: 33260119.

110: de Macêdo Filho LJM, Aragão ACA, Moura IA, Olivier LB, Albuquerque LAF. Malpractice and socioeconomic aspects in neurosurgery: a developing-country reality. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20571. PMID: 33130629.

111: Garg K, Sharma R, Raheja A, Tandon V, Katiyar V, Dash C, Bhatnagar R, Khullar MK, Raju B, Nanda A, Kale SS. Perceptions of Indian neurosurgeons about medicolegal issues and malpractice suits. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20592. PMID: 33130628.

112: Dossani RH, Waqas M, Meyer MJ, Chin F, Rai HH, Dossani R, Dossani AM, Riaz M. Sovereign immunity and its implications for neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20613. PMID: 33130627.

113: Tewarie IA, Hulsbergen AFC, Volovici V, Broekman MLD. The ethical and legal status of neurosurgical guidelines: the neurosurgeon's golden fleece or Achilles' heel? Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20597. PMID: 33130626.

114: Medress ZA, Jin MC, Feng A, Varshneya K, Veeravagu A. Medical malpractice in spine surgery: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20602. PMID: 33130625.

115: Kandregula S, Guthikonda B. Editorial. Out-of-court system: a fair fast track to savings of time and money. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20764. PMID: 33130624.

116: Debono B, Gerson C, Houselstein T, Lettat-Ouatah L, Bougeard R, Lonjon N. Litigations following spinal neurosurgery in France: “out-of-court system,” therapeutic hazard, and welfare state. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20582. PMID: 33130623.

117: Guthikonda B, Mazzola CA, Steinmetz MP, Cheng JS, Stacy JD, Falavigna A, Wohns RNW. Introduction. The importance of understanding the medicolegal climate in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20765. PMID: 33130622.

118: Larkin CJ, Roumeliotis AG, Karras CL, Murthy NK, Karras MF, Tran HM, Yerneni K, Potts MB. Overview of medical malpractice in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20588. PMID: 33130621.

119: Sankey EW, Mehta VA, Wang TY, Than TT, Goodwin CR, Karikari IO, Shaffrey CI, Abd-El-Barr MM, Than KD. The medicolegal impact of misplaced pedicle and lateral mass screws on spine surgery in the United States. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E20. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20600. PMID: 33130620.

120: Rafter D, Vasdev R, Hurrelbrink D, Gormley M, Chettupally T, Shen FX, Samadani U. Litigation risks despite guideline adherence for acute spinal cord injury: time is spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E17. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20607. PMID: 33130619.

121: Tang OY, Hartnett DA, Hays SB, Syed S, Daniels AH. Determinants of brain tumor malpractice litigation outcome and indemnity payments: a 29-year nationwide analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E21. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20601. PMID: 33130618.

122: Hatef J, Katzir M, Toop N, Islam M, Clark T, Roscoe C, Khan S, Mendel E. Damned if you monitor, damned if you don't: medical malpractice and intraoperative neuromonitoring for spinal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E19. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20580. PMID: 33130617.

123: Chan AK, Santacatterina M, Pennicooke B, Shahrestani S, Ballatori AM, Orrico KO, Burke JF, Manley GT, Tarapore PE, Huang MC, Dhall SS, Chou D, Mummaneni PV, DiGiorgio AM. Does state malpractice environment affect outcomes following spinal fusions? A robust statistical and machine learning analysis of 549,775 discharges following spinal fusion surgery in the United States. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E18. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20610. PMID: 33130616.

124: Dewar CD, Boulter JH, Curry BP, Bowers DM, Bell RS. The changing landscape of military medical malpractice: from the Feres Doctrine to present. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20594. PMID: 33130615.

125: LeFever D, Demand A, Kandregula S, Vega A, Hobley B, Paterson S, Trosclair K, Menger R, Kosty J, Guthikonda B. Status of current medicolegal reform in the United States: a neurosurgical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20616. PMID: 33130614.

126: Shah S, Yang GL, Le DT, Gerges C, Wright JM, Parr AM, Cheng JS, Ngwenya LB. Examining the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act: impact on telemedicine for neurotrauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20587. PMID: 33130613.

127: Dronkers WJ, Amelink QJMA, Buis DR, Broekman MLD, Spoor JKH. Disciplinary law and neurosurgery: a 10-year analysis of cases in the Netherlands. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20561. PMID: 33130612.

128: Shlobin NA, Sheldon M, Lam S. Informed consent in neurosurgery: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20611. PMID: 33130611.

129: Wohns RNW. Editorial. What doesn't kill you makes you stronger. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20763. PMID: 33130610.

130: Gadjradj PS, Ghobrial JB, Harhangi BS. Experiences of neurological surgeons with malpractice lawsuits. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20250. PMID: 33130609.

131: Bass DI, Lee A, Browd SR, Ellenbogen RG, Hauptman JS. Medicolegal issues in abusive head trauma for the pediatric neurosurgeon. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E23. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20599. PMID: 33130608.

132: Boyke AE, Bader ER, Naidu I, Lam S, Alvi MA, Funari A, Agarwal V. Medical malpractice and meningiomas: an analysis of 47 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Nov;49(5):E22. doi: 10.3171/2020.8.FOCUS20598. PMID: 33130607.

133: Corniola MV, Lemée JM, Meling TR. Resection of meningiomas in octogenarians: a comparison with a younger geriatric population. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E18. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20306. PMID: 33002882.

134: Schmidt E, Balardy L, Geeraerts T, Costa N, Bowers CA, Hamilton M. Editorial. Geriatric neurosurgery: the unfolding of a new subspecialty. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20509. PMID: 33002881.

135: Theriault BC, Pazniokas J, Adkoli AS, Cho EK, Rao N, Schmidt M, Cole C, Gandhi C, Couldwell WT, Al-Mufti F, Bowers CA. Frailty predicts worse outcomes after intracranial meningioma surgery irrespective of existing prognostic factors. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20324. PMID: 33002880.

136: Thakur JD, Mallari RJ, Corlin A, Yawitz S, Huang W, Eisenberg A, Sivakumar W, Krauss HR, Griffiths C, Barkhoudarian G, Kelly DF. Minimally invasive surgical treatment of intracranial meningiomas in elderly patients (≥ 65 years): outcomes, readmissions, and tumor control. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20515. PMID: 33002879.

137: Cusimano MD, Saarela O, Hart K, Zhang S, McFaull SR. A population-based study of fall-related traumatic brain injury identified in older adults in hospital emergency departments. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E20. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20520. PMID: 33002878.

138: Pereira MP, Oh T, Joshi RS, Haddad AF, Pereira KM, Osorio RC, Donohue KC, Peeran Z, Sudhir S, Jain S, Beniwal A, Gurrola J, El-Sayed IH, Blevins LS, Theodosopoulos PV, Kunwar S, Aghi MK. Clinical characteristics and outcomes in elderly patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery for nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E19. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20524. PMID: 33002877.

139: Hamilton MG, Parney I, Harris OA, Schmidt EA, Riina HA. Introduction. Cranial surgery in geriatric patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20655. PMID: 33002876.

140: Hamilton MG. Editorial. Daily neurosurgical experiences with ethics and the elderly. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20667. PMID: 33002875.

141: Joyce E, Bounajem MT, Scoville J, Thomas AJ, Ogilvy CS, Riina HA, Tanweer O, Levy EI, Spiotta AM, Gross BA, Jankowitz BT, Cawley CM, Khalessi AA, Pandey AS, Ringer AJ, Hanel R, Ortiz RA, Langer D, Levitt MR, Binning M, Taussky P, Kan P, Grandhi R. Middle meningeal artery embolization treatment of nonacute subdural hematomas in the elderly: a multiinstitutional experience of 151 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20518. PMID: 33002874.

142: Trevisi G, Sturiale CL, Scerrati A, Rustemi O, Ricciardi L, Raneri F, Tomatis A, Piazza A, Auricchio AM, Stifano V, Romano C, De Bonis P, Mangiola A. Acute subdural hematoma in the elderly: outcome analysis in a retrospective multicentric series of 213 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E21. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20437. PMID: 33002873.

143: Hachem LD, Bernstein M. Ethical issues in geriatric cranial neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20447. PMID: 33002872.

144: Raygor KP, Lee AT, Nichols N, Wang DD, Ward MM, Barbaro NM, Chang EF. Long- term pain outcomes in elderly patients with trigeminal neuralgia: comparison of first-time microvascular decompression and stereotactic radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E23. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20446. PMID: 33002871.

145: Kerezoudis P, Goyal A, Puffer RC, Parney IF, Meyer FB, Bydon M. Morbidity and mortality in elderly patients undergoing evacuation of acute traumatic subdural hematoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E22. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20439. PMID: 33002870.

146: Scerrati A, Visani J, Ricciardi L, Dones F, Rustemi O, Cavallo MA, De Bonis P. To drill or not to drill, that is the question: nonsurgical treatment of chronic subdural hematoma in the elderly. A systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20237. PMID: 33002869.

147: Greuter L, Lutz K, Fandino J, Mariani L, Guzman R, Soleman J. Drain type after burr-hole drainage of chronic subdural hematoma in geriatric patients: a subanalysis of the cSDH-Drain randomized controlled trial. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20489. PMID: 33002868.

148: Ginalis EE, Danish SF. Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy for brain tumors in geriatric patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20462. PMID: 33002867.

149: Katiyar V, Sharma R, Tandon V, Goda R, Ganeshkumar A, Suri A, Chandra PS, Kale SS. Impact of frailty on surgery for glioblastoma: a critical evaluation of patient outcomes and caregivers' perceptions in a developing country. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20482. PMID: 33002866.

150: Shahrestani S, Lehrich BM, Tafreshi AR, Brown NJ, Lien BV, Ransom S, Ransom RC, Ballatori AM, Ton A, Chen XT, Sahyouni R. The role of frailty in geriatric cranial neurosurgery for primary central nervous system neoplasms. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20426. PMID: 33002865.

151: Ius T, Somma T, Altieri R, Angileri FF, Barbagallo GM, Cappabianca P, Certo F, Cofano F, D'Elia A, Della Pepa GM, Esposito V, Fontanella MM, Germanò A, Garbossa D, Isola M, La Rocca G, Maiuri F, Olivi A, Panciani PP, Pignotti F, Skrap M, Spena G, Sabatino G. Is age an additional factor in the treatment of elderly patients with glioblastoma? A new stratification model: an Italian Multicenter Study. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20420. PMID: 33002864.

152: Ene CI, Cimino PJ, Fine HA, Holland EC. Incorporating genomic signatures into surgical and medical decision-making for elderly glioblastoma patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20418. PMID: 33002863.

153: Le DT, Barhorst KA, Castiglione J, Yang GL, Shah SJ, Harlan SS, Keegan SP, Jandarov RA, Ngwenya LB, Prestigiacomo CJ. Blunt cerebrovascular injury in the geriatric population. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20499. PMID: 33002862.

154: Israelsson H, Larsson J, Eklund A, Malm J. Risk factors, comorbidities, quality of life, and complications after surgery in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: review of the INPH-CRasH study. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Oct;49(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.7.FOCUS20466. PMID: 33002861.

155: Park P, Uribe J, Kanemura T, Chou D. Introduction. Thoracolumbar anterior spine surgery: contemporary techniques and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20568. PMID: 32871575.

156: Kudo Y, Okano I, Toyone T, Matsuoka A, Maruyama H, Yamamura R, Ishikawa K, Hayakawa C, Tani S, Sekimizu M, Hoshino Y, Ozawa T, Shirahata T, Fujita M, Oshita Y, Emori H, Omata H, Inagaki K. Lateral lumbar interbody fusion in revision surgery for restenosis after posterior decompression. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20361. PMID: 32871574.

157: Campbell PG, Cavanaugh DA, Nunley P, Utter PA, Kerr E, Wadhwa R, Stone M. PEEK versus titanium cages in lateral lumbar interbody fusion: a comparative analysis of subsidence. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20367. PMID: 32871573.

158: Podet AG, Morrow KD, Robichaux JM, Shields JA, DiGiorgio AM, Tender GC. Minimally invasive lateral corpectomy for thoracolumbar traumatic burst fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20366. PMID: 32871572.

159: Burke JF, Chan AK, Mayer RR, Garcia JH, Pennicooke B, Mann M, Berven SH, Chou D, Mummaneni PV. Clamshell thoracotomy for en bloc resection of a 3-level thoracic chordoma: technical note and operative video. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20382. PMID: 32871571.

160: Christiansen PA, Huang S, Smith JS, Shaffrey ME, Uribe JS, Yen CP. Mini- open lateral retropleural/retroperitoneal approaches for thoracic and thoracolumbar junction anterior column pathologies. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20360. PMID: 32871570.

161: Chan AY, Lien BV, Choi EH, Chan AK, Hanna G, Lopez AM, Brown NJ, Gattas S, Kirillova L, Horton D, Fote G, Hanst B, Perry R, Lee YP, Golshani K, Hsu FPK, Oh MY. Back pain outcomes after minimally invasive anterior lumbar interbody fusion: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20385. PMID: 32871569.

162: Strong MJ, Yee TJ, Khalsa SSS, Saadeh YS, Swong KN, Kashlan ON, Szerlip NJ, Park P, Oppenlander ME. The feasibility of computer-assisted 3D navigation in multiple-level lateral lumbar interbody fusion in combination with posterior instrumentation for adult spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20353. PMID: 32871568.

163: Bassani R, Morselli C, Querenghi AM, Nuara A, Sconfienza LM, Peretti GM. Functional and radiological outcome of anterior retroperitoneal versus posterior transforaminal interbody fusion in the management of single-level lumbar degenerative disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20374. PMID: 32871567.

164: Lovecchio FC, Vaishnav AS, Steinhaus ME, Othman YA, Gang CH, Iyer S, McAnany SJ, Albert TJ, Qureshi SA. Does interbody cage lordosis impact actual segmental lordosis achieved in minimally invasive lumbar spine fusion? Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20393. PMID: 32871566.

165: Miscusi M, Trungu S, Ricciardi L, Forcato S, Ramieri A, Raco A. The anterior-to-psoas approach for interbody fusion at the L5-S1 segment: clinical and radiological outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20335. PMID: 32871565.

166: Godzik J, Ohiorhenuan IE, Xu DS, de Andrada Pereira B, Walker CT, Whiting AC, Turner JD, Uribe JS. Single-position prone lateral approach: cadaveric feasibility study and early clinical experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20359. PMID: 32871564.

167: Thomas JA, Thomason CIM, Braly BA, Menezes CM. Rate of failure of indirect decompression in lateral single-position surgery: clinical results. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20375. PMID: 32871563.

168: Safaee MM, Tenorio A, Osorio JA, Choy W, Amara D, Lai L, Hu SS, Tay B, Burch S, Berven SH, Deviren V, Dhall SS, Chou D, Mummaneni PV, Eichler CM, Ames CP, Clark AJ. The effect of anterior lumbar interbody fusion staging order on perioperative complications in circumferential lumbar fusions performed within the same hospital admission. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20296. PMID: 32871562.

169: Saadeh YS, Elswick CM, Smith E, Yee TJ, Strong MJ, Swong K, Smith BW, Oppenlander ME, Kashlan ON, Park P. The impact of age on approach-related complications with navigated lateral lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20311. PMID: 32871561.

170: Dowlati E, Alexander H, Voyadzis JM. Vulnerability of the L5 nerve root during anterior lumbar interbody fusion at L5-S1: case series and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20315. PMID: 32871560.

171: Shlobin NA, Raz E, Shapiro M, Clark JR, Hoffman SC, Shaibani A, Hurley MC, Ansari SA, Jahromi BS, Dahdaleh NS, Potts MB. Spinal neurovascular complications with anterior thoracolumbar spine surgery: a systematic review and review of thoracolumbar vascular anatomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Sep;49(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.6.FOCUS20373. PMID: 32871559.

172: Pisano AJ, Fredericks DR, Steelman T, Riccio C, Helgeson MD, Wagner SC. Lumbar disc height and vertebral Hounsfield units: association with interbody cage subsidence. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20286. PMID: 32738808.

173: Witham TF, Cottrill E, Pennington Z. Editorial. Is preoperative bone health assessment and optimization in spine surgery a good idea? Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20414. PMID: 32738807.

174: Khalid SI, Nunna RS, Maasarani S, Belmont E, Deme P, Chilakapati S, Eldridge C, Singh R, Bagley CA, Adogwa O. Association of osteopenia and osteoporosis with higher rates of pseudarthrosis and revision surgery in adult patients undergoing single-level lumbar fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20289. PMID: 32738806.

175: Anderson PA, Kadri A, Hare KJ, Binkley N. Preoperative bone health assessment and optimization in spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20255. PMID: 32738805.

176: Duan PG, Mummaneni PV, Rivera J, Guinn JMV, Wang M, Xi Z, Li B, Wu HH, Ames CP, Burch S, Berven SH, Chou D. The association between lower Hounsfield units of the upper instrumented vertebra and proximal junctional kyphosis in adult spinal deformity surgery with a minimum 2-year follow-up. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20192. PMID: 32738804.

177: Carlson BB, Salzmann SN, Shirahata T, Ortiz Miller C, Carrino JA, Yang J, Reisener MJ, Sama AA, Cammisa FP, Girardi FP, Hughes AP. Prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia diagnosed using quantitative CT in 296 consecutive lumbar fusion patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20241. PMID: 32738803.

178: St Jeor JD, Jackson TJ, Xiong AE, Kadri A, Freedman BA, Sebastian AS, Currier BL, Nassr A, Fogelson JL, Kennel KA, Anderson PA, Elder BD. Osteoporosis in spine surgery patients: what is the best way to diagnose osteoporosis in this population? Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20277. PMID: 32738802.

179: Xi Z, Mummaneni PV, Wang M, Ruan H, Burch S, Deviren V, Clark AJ, Berven SH, Chou D. The association between lower Hounsfield units on computed tomography and cage subsidence after lateral lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20169. PMID: 32738801.

180: Xu F, Zou D, Li W, Sun Z, Jiang S, Zhou S, Li Z. Hounsfield units of the vertebral body and pedicle as predictors of pedicle screw loosening after degenerative lumbar spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20249. PMID: 32738800.

181: Anderson PA, Freedman BA, Chou D, Witham T. Introduction. Lumbar spinal osteoporosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20412. PMID: 32738799.

182: Singh S, Sardhara J, Mehrotra A, Behari S. Letter to the Editor. Patient satisfaction after minimally invasive spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E17. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20416. PMID: 32738798.

183: Anderson PA, Freedman BA. Editorial. Bisphosphonates do not impair spinal fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20413. PMID: 32738797.

184: Nathan JK, Johnson MA, Waljee JF, Szerlip N, Park P, Oppenlander ME. Association between timing of kyphoplasty and opioid prescribing risk after vertebral fracture. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20226. PMID: 32738796.

185: Gazzeri R, Panagiotopoulos K, Galarza M, Bolognini A, Callovini G. Minimally invasive spinal fixation in an aging population with osteoporosis: clinical and radiological outcomes and safety of expandable screws versus fenestrated screws augmented with polymethylmethacrylate. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20232. PMID: 32738795.

186: Guppy KH, Chan PH, Prentice HA, Norheim EP, Harris JE, Brara HS. Does the use of preoperative bisphosphonates in patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis affect lumbar fusion rates? Analysis from a national spine registry. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20262. PMID: 32738794.

187: Bettag C, Abboud T, von der Brelie C, Melich P, Rohde V, Schatlo B. Do we underdiagnose osteoporosis in patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis? Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20267. PMID: 32738793.

188: Flanigan PM, Mikula AL, Peters PA, Oushy S, Fogelson JL, Bydon M, Freedman BA, Sebastian AS, Currier BL, Nassr A, Kennel KA, Anderson PA, Polly DW, Elder BD. Regional improvements in lumbosacropelvic Hounsfield units following teriparatide treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Aug;49(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2020.5.FOCUS20273. PMID: 32738792.

189: Price JB, Rusheen AE, Barath AS, Rojas Cabrera JM, Shin H, Chang SY, Kimble CJ, Bennet KE, Blaha CD, Lee KH, Oh Y. Clinical applications of neurochemical and electrophysiological measurements for closed-loop neurostimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20167. PMID: 32610297; PMCID: PMC7478171.

190: Wicks RT, Witcher MR, Couture DE, Laxton AW, Popli G, Whitlow CT, Fetterhoff D, Dakos AS, Roeder BM, Deadwyler SA, Hampson RE. Hippocampal CA1 and CA3 neural recording in the human brain: validation of depth electrode placement through high-resolution imaging and electrophysiology. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20164. PMID: 32610296.

191: Wang Y, Zhang C, Zhang Y, Gong H, Li J, Jin H, Li D, Liu D, Sun B. Habenula deep brain stimulation for intractable schizophrenia: a pilot study. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20174. PMID: 32610295.

192: Keogh C. Optimizing the neuron-electrode interface for chronic bioelectronic interfacing. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20178. PMID: 32610294.

193: Lehman VT, Lee KH, Klassen BT, Blezek DJ, Goyal A, Shah BR, Gorny KR, Huston J, Kaufmann TJ. MRI and tractography techniques to localize the ventral intermediate nucleus and dentatorubrothalamic tract for deep brain stimulation and MR-guided focused ultrasound: a narrative review and update. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20170. PMID: 32610293; PMCID: PMC8032505.

194: Miller KJ, Pouratian N, Chang JW, Lee KH. Introduction. Exploring neurosurgical innovations at the brain-machine interface. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20352. PMID: 32610292.

195: Soldozy S, Young S, Kumar JS, Capek S, Felbaum DR, Jean WC, Park MS, Syed HR. A systematic review of endovascular stent-electrode arrays, a minimally invasive approach to brain-machine interfaces. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20186. PMID: 32610291.

196: Miller KJ, Hermes D, Staff NP. The current state of electrocorticography- based brain-computer interfaces. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20185. PMID: 32610290.

197: Baek C, Kim S, Jang JW, Jung Y, Choi GJ, Shim S, Yun S, Seo K, Song YK, Kim SJ, Seo JM. Investigation of stereotactic surgery for avian brain stimulation by a fully implanted wireless system. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS2025. PMID: 32610289.

198: Gogia AS, Martin Del Campo-Vera R, Chen KH, Sebastian R, Nune G, Kramer DR, Lee MB, Tafreshi AR, Barbaro MF, Liu CY, Kellis S, Lee B. Gamma-band modulation in the human amygdala during reaching movements. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20179. PMID: 32610288.

199: Hegde A. Letter to the Editor. Surgical logbooks in neurosurgery: a simple way to enhance training. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS20207. PMID: 32610287.

200: Koh CS, Park HY, Shin J, Kong C, Park M, Seo IS, Koo B, Jung HH, Chang JW, Shin HC. A novel rat robot controlled by electrical stimulation of the nigrostriatal pathway. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jul;49(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2020.4.FOCUS20150. PMID: 32610286.

201: Bashari WA, Senanayake R, Koulouri O, Gillett D, MacFarlane J, Powlson AS, Fernandez-Pombo A, Bano G, Martin AJ, Scoffings D, Cheow H, Mendichovszky I, Tysome J, Donnelly N, Santarius T, Kolias A, Mannion R, Gurnell M. PET-guided repeat transsphenoidal surgery for previously deemed unresectable lateral disease in acromegaly. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2052. PMID: 32480379.

202: Zhang K, Shen M, Qiao N, Chen Z, He W, Ma Z, Shou X, Li S, Zhao Y, Pan L, Liu D, He M, Zhang Z, Li Y, Yao Z, Ye H, Wang Y. Surgical outcomes and multidisciplinary management strategy of Cushing's disease: a single-center experience in China. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2067. PMID: 32480378.

203: Serra C, Staartjes VE, Maldaner N, Holzmann D, Soyka MB, Gilone M, Schmid C, Tschopp O, Regli L. Assessing the surgical outcome of the “chopsticks” technique in endoscopic transsphenoidal adenoma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2065. PMID: 32480377.

204: Hlaváč M, Knoll A, Mayer B, Braun M, Karpel-Massler G, Etzrodt-Walter G, Coburger J, Wirtz CR, Paľa A. Ten years' experience with intraoperative MRI- assisted transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2072. PMID: 32480376.

205: Himes BT, Bhargav AG, Brown DA, Kaufmann TJ, Bancos I, Van Gompel JJ. Does pituitary compression/empty sella syndrome contribute to MRI-negative Cushing's disease? A single-institution experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2084. PMID: 32480375.

206: Cote DJ, Iuliano SL, Catalino MP, Laws ER. Optimizing pre-, intra-, and postoperative management of patients with sellar pathology undergoing transsphenoidal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2043. PMID: 32480374.

207: Tamanini JVG, Dal Fabbro M, de Freitas LLL, Vassallo J, de Souza Queiroz L, Rogerio F. Digital analysis of hormonal immunostaining in pituitary adenomas classified according to WHO 2017 criteria and correlation with preoperative laboratory findings. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2039. PMID: 32480373.

208: Zada G, Schroeder HWS, Little AS, Laws ER. Introduction. Management of pituitary tumors: 2020 and beyond. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS20247. PMID: 32480372.

209: Zeden JP, Baldauf J, Schroeder HWS. Repair of the sellar floor using bioresorbable polydioxanone foils after endoscopic endonasal pituitary surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2064. PMID: 32480371.

210: Haddad AF, Young JS, Oh T, Pereira MP, Joshi RS, Pereira KM, Osorio RC, Donohue KC, Peeran Z, Sudhir S, Jain S, Beniwal A, Chopra AS, Sandhu NS, Theodosopoulos PV, Kunwar S, El-Sayed IH, Gurrola J, Blevins LS, Aghi MK. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of null-cell versus silent gonadotroph adenomas in a series of 1166 pituitary adenomas from a single institution. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS20114. PMID: 32480370.

211: Shay A, Sturgis M, Ritz EM, Beer-Furlan A, Muñoz L, Byrne R, Tajudeen BA, Batra PS. Prior smoking and nasoseptal flap usage adversely impact quality of life and healing after endoscopic pituitary surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2050. PMID: 32480369.

212: Cusimano MD, Huang TQ, Marchie A, Smyth HS, Kovacs K. Development and validation of the disease-specific QOL-CD quality of life questionnaire for patients with Cushing's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2044. PMID: 32480368.

213: Elsarrag M, Patel PD, Chatrath A, Taylor D, Jane JA. Genomic and molecular characterization of pituitary adenoma pathogenesis: review and translational opportunities. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS20104. PMID: 32480367.

214: Cardinal T, Rutkowski MJ, Micko A, Shiroishi M, Jason Liu CS, Wrobel B, Carmichael J, Zada G. Impact of tumor characteristics and pre- and postoperative hormone levels on hormonal remission following endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery in patients with acromegaly. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2080. PMID: 32480366.

215: Laws ER, Catalino MP. Editorial. Machine learning and artificial intelligence applied to the diagnosis and management of Cushing disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS20213. PMID: 32480365.

216: Zoli M, Staartjes VE, Guaraldi F, Friso F, Rustici A, Asioli S, Sollini G, Pasquini E, Regli L, Serra C, Mazzatenta D. Machine learning-based prediction of outcomes of the endoscopic endonasal approach in Cushing disease: is the future coming? Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2060. PMID: 32480364.

217: Rotermund R, Mader MM, Burkhardt T, Matschke J, Aberle J, Krajewski K, Flitsch J, Rahvar AH. Real-life analysis of 280 patients with surgically treated acromegaly: a single-center experience from 2008 to 2015. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jun;48(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS2061. PMID: 32480363.

218: Smith LGF, Milliron E, Ho ML, Hu HH, Rusin J, Leonard J, Sribnick EA. Advanced neuroimaging in traumatic brain injury: an overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19652. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2021 Jan;50(1):E22. PMID: 32364704.

219: Asher AL, Bydon M, Harbaugh RE. Editorial. Reflections on the first decade of neurosurgical science of practice: what has been accomplished; what ambitions remain to be fulfilled? Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.2.FOCUS20147. PMID: 32357327.

220: Jain R. Letter to the Editor. The T2-FLAIR-mismatch sign. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.2.FOCUS2042. PMID: 32357326.

221: Habboub G, Grabowski MM, Kelly ML, Benzel EC. The embedded biases in hypothesis testing and machine learning. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.2.FOCUS191016. PMID: 32357325.

222: Harbaugh RE. How the science of practice will improve evidence-based care. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.2.FOCUS202. PMID: 32357324.

223: Tsolinas RE, Burke JF, DiGiorgio AM, Thomas LH, Duong-Fernandez X, Harris MH, Yue JK, Winkler EA, Suen CG, Pascual LU, Ferguson AR, Huie JR, Pan JZ, Hemmerle DD, Singh V, Torres-Espin A, Omondi C, Kyritsis N, Haefeli J, Weinstein PR, de Almeida Neto CA, Kuo YH, Taggard D, Talbott JF, Whetstone WD, Manley GT, Bresnahan JC, Beattie MS, Dhall SS. Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Spinal Cord Injury (TRACK-SCI): an overview of initial enrollment and demographics. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.2.FOCUS191030. PMID: 32357323.

224: Williams G, Maroufy V, Rasmy L, Brown D, Yu D, Zhu H, Talebi Y, Wang X, Thomas E, Zhu G, Yaseen A, Miao H, Leon Novelo L, Zhi D, DeSantis SM, Zhu H, Yamal JM, Aguilar D, Wu H. Vasopressor treatment and mortality following nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage: a nationwide electronic health record analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.2.FOCUS191002. PMID: 32357322.

225: DiGiorgio AM, Mummaneni PV, Park P, Chan AK, Bisson EF, Bydon M, Foley KT, Glassman SD, Shaffrey CI, Potts EA, Shaffrey ME, Coric D, Knightly JJ, Wang MY, Fu KM, Asher AL, Virk MS, Kerezoudis P, Alvi MA, Guan J, Haid RW, Slotkin JR. Correlation of return to work with patient satisfaction after surgery for lumbar spondylolisthesis: an analysis of the Quality Outcomes Database. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.2.FOCUS191022. PMID: 32357321.

226: Asher AL, Knightly J, Mummaneni PV, Alvi MA, McGirt MJ, Yolcu YU, Chan AK, Glassman SD, Foley KT, Slotkin JR, Potts EA, Shaffrey ME, Shaffrey CI, Haid RW, Fu KM, Wang MY, Park P, Bisson EF, Harbaugh RE, Bydon M. Quality Outcomes Database Spine Care Project 2012-2020: milestones achieved in a collaborative North American outcomes registry to advance value-based spine care and evolution to the American Spine Registry. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.2.FOCUS207. PMID: 32357320.

227: Goyal A. Erratum. The T2-FLAIR-mismatch sign as an imaging biomarker for IDH and 1p/19q status in diffuse low-grade gliomas: a systematic review with a Bayesian approach to evaluation of diagnostic test performance. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.3.FOCUS19660a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E13. PMID: 32357319.

228: Harbaugh RE, Asher AL, Cockroft KM, Knightly J, Narenthiran G. Introduction. Evolution of the Science of Practice. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.2.FOCUS20128. PMID: 32357318.

229: Chen PC, Messina SA, Castillo E, Baumgartner J, Seo JH, Skinner H, Gireesh ED, Lee KH. Altered integrity of corpus callosum in generalized epilepsy in relation to seizure lateralization after corpus callosotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19791. PMID: 32234995.

230: Satzer D, Tao JX, Issa NP, Chen Z, Wu S, Rose S, Collins J, Awad IA, Warnke PC. Stereotactic laser interstitial thermal therapy for epilepsy associated with solitary and multiple cerebral cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19866. PMID: 32234994.

231: Kankirawatana P, Mohamed IS, Lauer J, Aban I, Kim H, Li R, Harrison A; AS, Goyal M, Rozzelle CJ, Knowlton R, Blount JP. Relative contribution of individual versus combined functional imaging studies in predicting seizure freedom in pediatric epilepsy surgery: an area under the curve analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19974. PMID: 32234993.

232: Giacomini L, de Souza JPSA, Formentin C, de Campos BM, Todeschini AB, de Oliveira E, Tedeschi H, Joaquim AF, Cendes F, Ghizoni E. Temporal lobe structural evaluation after transsylvian selective amygdalohippocampectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19937. PMID: 32234992.

233: Sharma M, Ball T, Alhourani A, Ugiliweneza B, Wang D, Boakye M, Neimat JS. Inverse national trends of laser interstitial thermal therapy and open surgical procedures for refractory epilepsy: a Nationwide Inpatient Sample-based propensity score matching analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19935. PMID: 32234991.

234: Soldozy S, Norat P, Yağmurlu K, Sokolowski JD, Sharifi KA, Tvrdik P, Park MS, Kalani MYS. Arteriovenous malformation presenting with epilepsy: a multimodal approach to diagnosis and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19899. PMID: 32234990.

235: Mohamed IS, Toffa DH, Robert M, Cossette P, Bérubé AA, Saint-Hilaire JM, Bouthillier A, Nguyen DK. Utility of magnetic source imaging in nonlesional focal epilepsy: a prospective study. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19877. PMID: 32234989.

236: He X, Zhou J, Guan Y, Zhai F, Li T, Luan G. Prognostic factors of postoperative seizure outcomes in older patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19796. PMID: 32234988.

237: Young CC, Williams JR, Feroze AH, McGrath M, Ravanpay AC, Ellenbogen RG, Ojemann JG, Hauptman JS. Pediatric functional hemispherectomy: operative techniques and complication avoidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19889. PMID: 32234987.

238: Chou CC, Lee CC, Lin CF, Chen YH, Peng SJ, Hsiao FJ, Yu HY, Chen C, Chen HH, Shih YH. Cingulate gyrus epilepsy: semiology, invasive EEG, and surgical approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19914. PMID: 32234986.

239: McKhann GM. Editorial. Dulling the double-edged sword of human SEEG research. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS2069. PMID: 32234985.

240: Serra C, Akeret K, Staartjes VE, Ramantani G, Grunwald T, Jokeit H, Bauer J, Krayenbühl N. Safety of the paramedian supracerebellar-transtentorial approach for selective amygdalohippocampectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19909. PMID: 32234984.

241: Chaitanya G, Romeo AK, Ilyas A, Irannejad A, Toth E, Elsayed G, Bentley JN, Riley KO, Pati S. Robot-assisted stereoelectroencephalography exploration of the limbic thalamus in human focal epilepsy: implantation technique and complications in the first 24 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19887. PMID: 32234983.

242: Harward SC, Southwell DG. Interneuron transplantation: a prospective surgical therapy for medically refractory epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E18. doi: 10.3171/2020.2.FOCUS19955. PMID: 32234982.

243: Rahman A. Letter to the Editor. Lumbar canal stenosis: can “only fixation” really make decompression futile? Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E19. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS191003. PMID: 32234981.

244: Schuss P, Marx J, Borger V, Brandecker S, Güresir Á, Hadjiathanasiou A, Hamed M, Schneider M, Surges R, Vatter H, Güresir E. Cavernoma-related epilepsy in cavernous malformations located within the temporal lobe: surgical management and seizure outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19920. PMID: 32234980.

245: Volpon Santos M, Teixeira TL, Ioriatti ES, Thome U, Paula de Andrade Hamad A, Machado HR. Risk factors and results of hemispherotomy reoperations in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19944. PMID: 32234979.

246: McKhann GM, McEvoy AW, Gross RE, Chabardes S. Introduction. Surgical treatment of epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS2058. PMID: 32234978.

247: Cossu G, González-López P, Pralong E, Kalser J, Messerer M, Daniel RT. Unilateral prefrontal lobotomy for epilepsy: technique and surgical anatomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Apr 1;48(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2020.1.FOCUS19938. PMID: 32234977.

248: Akshulakov S, Makhambetov Y, Bralov A, Pazylbekov T, Tursynov N, Menlibayeva K. Reaching the horizon and looking beyond: neurosurgery education in Kazakhstan. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19790. PMID: 32114565.

249: Yakar F, Hanalioglu S, Sahin B, Egemen E, Dere UA, Kiraz İ, Coskun ME, Kahilogullari G. Academic performance after neurosurgery residency training in Turkey: a national survey. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19825. PMID: 32114564.

250: Ferraris KP, Matsumura H, Wardhana DPW, Vesagas T, Seng K, Mohd Ali MR, Ishikawa E, Matsumura A, Rosyidi RM, Mahadewa T, Kuo MF. The state of neurosurgical training and education in East Asia: analysis and strategy development for this frontier of the world. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19814. PMID: 32114563.

251: Yaeger KA, Munich SA, Byrne RW, Germano IM. Trends in United States neurosurgery residency education and training over the last decade (2009-2019). Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19827. PMID: 32114562.

252: Wicaksono AS, Tamba DA, Sudiharto P, Basuki E, Pramusinto H, Hartanto RA, Ekong C, Manusubroto W. Neurosurgery residency program in Yogyakarta, Indonesia: improving neurosurgical care distribution to reduce inequality. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19831. PMID: 32114561.

253: Karekezi C, El Khamlichi A, El Ouahabi A, El Abbadi N, Ahokpossi SA, Ahanogbe KMH, Berete I, Bouya SM, Coulibaly O, Dao I, Djoubairou BO, Doleagbenou AAK, Egu KP, Ekouele Mbaki HB, Kinata-Bambino SB, Habibou LM, Mousse AN, Ngamasata T, Ntalaja J, Onen J, Quenum K, Seylan D, Sogoba Y, Servadei F, Germano IM. The impact of African-trained neurosurgeons on sub-Saharan Africa. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19853. PMID: 32114560.

254: Yu J, Zou F, Sun Y. Job satisfaction, engagement, and burnout in the population of orthopedic surgeon and neurosurgeon trainees in mainland China. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19830. PMID: 32114559.

255: Westwick HJ, Elkaim LM, Obaid S, Fallah A, Tu A, Ibrahim GM, Weil AG. Interest and participation in global neurosurgery: a survey of Canadian neurosurgery residents. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E21. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19767. PMID: 32114558.

256: Rallo MS, Ashraf O, Jumah F, Gupta G, Nanda A. An analysis of cross- continental scholarship requirements during neurosurgical training and national research productivity. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E20. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19856. PMID: 32114557.

257: Jean WC, Huynh T, Pham TA, Ngo HM, Syed HR, Felbaum DR. A system divided: the state of neurosurgical training in modern-day Vietnam. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19800. PMID: 32114556.

258: Coelho G, Rabelo NN, Vieira E, Mendes K, Zagatto G, Santos de Oliveira R, Raposo-Amaral CE, Yoshida M, de Souza MR, Fagundes CF, Teixeira MJ, Figueiredo EG. Augmented reality and physical hybrid model simulation for preoperative planning of metopic craniosynostosis surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E19. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19854. PMID: 32114555.

259: Licci M, Thieringer FM, Guzman R, Soleman J. Development and validation of a synthetic 3D-printed simulator for training in neuroendoscopic ventricular lesion removal. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E18. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19841. PMID: 32114554.

260: Teton ZE, Freedman RS, Tomlinson SB, Linzey JR, Onyewuenyi A, Khahera AS, Hendricks BK, Cohen-Gadol AA. The Neurosurgical Atlas: advancing neurosurgical education in the digital age. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19820. PMID: 32114553.

261: Lundy P, Miller C, Woodrow S. Current US neurosurgical resident involvement, interest, and barriers in global neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19808. PMID: 32114552.

262: Lepard JR, Akbari SHA, Haji F, Davis MC, Harkness W, Johnston JM. The initial experience of InterSurgeon: an online platform to facilitate global neurosurgical partnerships. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19859. PMID: 32114551.

263: Gandy K, Castillo H, Rocque BG, Bradko V, Whitehead W, Castillo J. Neurosurgical training and global health education: systematic review of challenges and benefits of in-country programs in the care of neural tube defects. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19448. PMID: 32114550.

264: Calero-Martinez SA, Matula C, Peraud A, Biroli F, Fernández-Alén J, Bierschneider M, Cunningham M, Hawryluk GWJ, Babu M, Bullock MR, Rubiano AM. Development and assessment of competency-based neurotrauma course curriculum for international neurosurgery residents and neurosurgeons. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19850. PMID: 32114549.

265: El-Ghandour NMF. Neurosurgical education in Egypt and Africa. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19804. PMID: 32114548.

266: Deora H, Garg K, Tripathi M, Mishra S, Chaurasia B. Residency perception survey among neurosurgery residents in lower-middle-income countries: grassroots evaluation of neurosurgery education. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19852. PMID: 32114547.

267: Drummond KJ, Hunn BHM, McAlpine HE, Jones JJ, Davies MA, Gull S. Challenges in the Australasian neurosurgery training program: who should be trained and where should they train? Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS19870. PMID: 32114546.

268: Germano IM, El Abbadi N, Drummond K, Rubiano A, Harkness WFJ, Servadei F. Introduction. Neurosurgical international education. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Mar 1;48(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.12.FOCUS191008. PMID: 32114545.

269: Kramer DR, Lamorie-Foote K, Barbaro M, Lee MB, Peng T, Gogia A, Nune G, Liu CY, Kellis SS, Lee B. Utility and lower limits of frequency detection in surface electrode stimulation for somatosensory brain-computer interface in humans. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19696. PMID: 32006952; PMCID: PMC7242113.

270: Ellis DG, White ML, Hayasaka S, Warren DE, Wilson TW, Aizenberg MR. Accuracy analysis of fMRI and MEG activations determined by intraoperative mapping. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19784. PMID: 32006951.

271: Henderson F, Abdullah KG, Verma R, Brem S. Tractography and the connectome in neurosurgical treatment of gliomas: the premise, the progress, and the potential. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19785. PMID: 32006950; PMCID: PMC7831974.

272: Stopa BM, Senders JT, Broekman MLD, Vangel M, Golby AJ. Preoperative functional MRI use in neurooncology patients: a clinician survey. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19779. PMID: 32006949; PMCID: PMC7818717.

273: Azad TD, Duffau H. Limitations of functional neuroimaging for patient selection and surgical planning in glioma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19769. PMID: 32006948.

274: Nolan RL, Brandmeir N, Tucker ES, Magruder JL, Lee MR, Chen G, Lewis JW. Functional and resting-state characterizations of a periventricular heterotopic nodule associated with epileptogenic activity. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19765. PMID: 32006947; PMCID: PMC7720249.

275: Catalino MP, Yao S, Green DL, Laws ER, Golby AJ, Tie Y. Mapping cognitive and emotional networks in neurosurgical patients using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19773. PMID: 32006946; PMCID: PMC7712886.

276: Fernández L, Velásquez C, García Porrero JA, de Lucas EM, Martino J. Heschl's gyrus fiber intersection area: a new insight on the connectivity of the auditory-language hub. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19778. PMID: 32006945.

277: Mustroph ML, Zekelman LR, Golby AJ. Editorial. Probing the tract organization of language: Heschl's gyrus fiber intersection area. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19886. PMID: 32006944.

278: Golby AJ, Leuthardt EC, Duffau H, Berger MS. Introduction. Advances and future directions in brain mapping in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19880. PMID: 32006943.

279: McDowell MM, Ortega Peraza D, Abel TJ. Development and implementation of a novel child life protocol to enhance psychosocial support for pediatric awake craniotomies: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19774. PMID: 32006942.

280: Bander ED, Shelkov E, Modik O, Kandula P, Karceski SC, Ramakrishna R. Use of the train-of-five bipolar technique to provide reliable, spatially accurate motor cortex identification in asleep patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19776. PMID: 32006941.

281: Oelschlägel M, Meyer T, Morgenstern U, Wahl H, Gerber J, Reiß G, Koch E, Steiner G, Kirsch M, Schackert G, Sobottka SB. Mapping of language and motor function during awake neurosurgery with intraoperative optical imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Feb 1;48(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.11.FOCUS19759. PMID: 32006940.

282: Rechberger JS, Power EA, Lu VM, Zhang L, Sarkaria JN, Daniels DJ. Evaluating infusate parameters for direct drug delivery to the brainstem: a comparative study of convection-enhanced delivery versus osmotic pump delivery. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.10.FOCUS19703. PMID: 31896090; PMCID: PMC7371267.

283: Bander ED, Tizi K, Wembacher-Schroeder E, Thomson R, Donzelli M, Vasconcellos E, Souweidane MM. Deformational changes after convection-enhanced delivery in the pediatric brainstem. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.10.FOCUS19679. PMID: 31896089.

284: Bounajem MT, Karsy M, Jensen RL. Liquid biopsies for the diagnosis and surveillance of primary pediatric central nervous system tumors: a review for practicing neurosurgeons. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19712. PMID: 31896088.

285: Hengartner AC, Prince E, Vijmasi T, Hankinson TC. Adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma: moving toward targeted therapies. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.10.FOCUS19705. PMID: 31896087.

286: Brunasso L, Lo Bue E, Zingales M, Iacopino DG, Graziano F. Letter to the Editor. The missing piece to solve the equation. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19573. PMID: 31896086.

287: Feroze AH, McGrath M, Williams JR, Young CC, Ene CI, Buckley RT, Cole BL, Ojemann JG, Hauptman JS. Laser interstitial thermal therapy for pediatric atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.10.FOCUS19746. PMID: 31896085.

288: Beccaria K, Canney M, Bouchoux G, Puget S, Grill J, Carpentier A. Blood- brain barrier disruption with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound for the treatment of pediatric brain tumors: a review and perspectives. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.10.FOCUS19726. PMID: 31896084.

289: Soldozy S, Yeghyayan M, Yağmurlu K, Norat P, Taylor DG, Kalani MYS, Jane JA, Syed HR. Endoscopic endonasal surgery outcomes for pediatric craniopharyngioma: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.10.FOCUS19728. PMID: 31896083.

290: Sherrod BA, Iyer RR, Kestle JRW. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for pediatric tumor-associated hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.10.FOCUS19725. PMID: 31896082.

291: Williams JR, Young CC, Vitanza NA, McGrath M, Feroze AH, Browd SR, Hauptman JS. Progress in diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma: advocating for stereotactic biopsy in the standard of care. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19745. PMID: 31896081.

292: Cheshier S, Taylor MD, Ayrault O, Mueller S. Introduction. Pediatric brain tumor. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.10.FOCUS19799. PMID: 31896080.

293: Azad TD, Jin MC, Bernhardt LJ, Bettegowda C. Liquid biopsy for pediatric diffuse midline glioma: a review of circulating tumor DNA and cerebrospinal fluid tumor DNA. Neurosurg Focus. 2020 Jan 1;48(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19699. PMID: 31896079; PMCID: PMC7340556.

294: Young CC, Bonow RH, Barros G, Mossa-Basha M, Kim LJ, Levitt MR. Magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging in cerebrovascular diseases. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 13;47(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19599. PMID: 31846249.

295: Bonow RH, Young CC, Bass DI, Moore A, Levitt MR. Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in neurological surgery and neurocritical care. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19611. PMID: 31786564.

296: Brusko GD, Perez-Roman RJ, Tapamo H, Burks SS, Serafini AN, Wang MY. Preoperative SPECT imaging as a tool for surgical planning in patients with axial neck and back pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E19. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19648. PMID: 31786563.

297: Tender GC, Davidson C, Shields J, Robichaux J, Park J, Crutcher CL, DiGiorgio AM. Primary pain generator identification by CT-SPECT in patients with degenerative spinal disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E18. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19608. PMID: 31786562.

298: Hacker CD, Roland JL, Kim AH, Shimony JS, Leuthardt EC. Resting-state network mapping in neurosurgical practice: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19656. PMID: 31786561.

299: Stadlbauer A, Eyüpoglu I, Buchfelder M, Dörfler A, Zimmermann M, Heinz G, Oberndorfer S. Vascular architecture mapping for early detection of glioblastoma recurrence. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19613. PMID: 31786560.

300: Unsgård G, Lindseth F. 3D ultrasound-guided resection of low-grade gliomas: principles and clinical examples. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19605. PMID: 31786559.

301: Kearns KN, Sokolowski JD, Chadwell K, Chandler M, Kiernan T, Prada F, Kalani MYS, Park MS. The role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in neurosurgical disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19624. PMID: 31786558.

302: Millesi M, Knosp E, Mach G, Hainfellner JA, Ricken G, Trattnig S, Gruber A. Focal irregularities in 7-Tesla MRI of unruptured intracranial aneurysms as an indicator for areas of altered blood-flow parameters. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19489. PMID: 31786557.

303: Grossberg JA, Howard BM, Saindane AM. The use of contrast-enhanced, time- resolved magnetic resonance angiography in cerebrovascular pathology. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19627. PMID: 31786556.

304: Zheng JP, Li CZ, Chen GQ. Multimaterial and multicolor 3D-printed model in training of transnasal endoscopic surgery for pituitary adenoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E21. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19294. PMID: 31786555.

305: Howard BM, Hu R, Barrow JW, Barrow DL. Comprehensive review of imaging of intracranial aneurysms and angiographically negative subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E20. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19653. PMID: 31786554.

306: Osbun JW, Dacey RG, Barrow DL, Saindane AM, Nimsky C. Introduction Imaging in neurosurgical disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19764. PMID: 31786553.

307: Carl B, Bopp M, Saß B, Pojskic M, Gjorgjevski M, Voellger B, Nimsky C. Reliable navigation registration in cranial and spine surgery based on intraoperative computed tomography. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19621. PMID: 31786552.

308: Lehman VT, Cogswell PM, Rinaldo L, Brinjikji W, Huston J, Klaas JP, Lanzino G. Contemporary and emerging magnetic resonance imaging methods for evaluation of moyamoya disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19616. PMID: 31786551.

309: Soldozy S, Galindo J, Snyder H, Ali Y, Norat P, Yağmurlu K, Sokolowski JD, Sharifi K, Tvrdik P, Park MS, Kalani MYS. Clinical utility of arterial spin labeling imaging in disorders of the nervous system. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19567. PMID: 31786550.

310: Raffa G, Quattropani MC, Germanò A. When imaging meets neurophysiology: the value of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation for preoperative neurophysiological mapping prior to brain tumor surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19640. PMID: 31786549.

311: Goyal A, Yolcu YU, Goyal A, Kerezoudis P, Brown DA, Graffeo CS, Goncalves S, Burns TC, Parney IF. The T2-FLAIR-mismatch sign as an imaging biomarker for IDH and 1p/19q status in diffuse low-grade gliomas: a systematic review with a Bayesian approach to evaluation of diagnostic test performance. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19660. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2020 May 1;48(5):E10. PMID: 31786548.

312: Panesar SS, Magnetta M, Mukherjee D, Abhinav K, Branstetter BF, Gardner PA, Iv M, Fernandez-Miranda JC. Patient-specific 3-dimensionally printed models for neurosurgical planning and education. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19511. PMID: 31786547.

313: Shpanskaya K, Quon JL, Lober RM, Nair S, Johnson E, Cheshier SH, Edwards MSB, Grant GA, Yeom KW. Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging of the optic nerves in pediatric hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Dec 1;47(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2019.9.FOCUS19619. PMID: 31786546.

314: Tang OY, Yoon JS, Kimata AR, Lawton MT. Volume-outcome relationship in pediatric neurotrauma care: analysis of two national databases. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19486. PMID: 31675719.

315: Khalid F, Yang GL, McGuire JL, Robson MJ, Foreman B, Ngwenya LB, Lorenz JN. Autonomic dysfunction following traumatic brain injury: translational insights. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19517. PMID: 31675718.

316: Servadei F, Spaggiari R, Tropeano MP. Editorial. Perceive the differences, differentiate the perceptions: why should we be interested in TBI management in Tanzania? Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19682. PMID: 31675717.

317: Elahi C, Rocha TAH, da Silva NC, Sakita FM, Ndebea AS, Fuller A, Haglund MM, Mmbaga BT, Nickenig Vissoci JR, Staton CA. An evaluation of outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury at a referral hospital in Tanzania: evidence from a survival analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19316. PMID: 31675716; PMCID: PMC7133756.

318: Tropeano MP, Spaggiari R, Ileyassoff H, Park KB, Kolias AG, Hutchinson PJ, Servadei F. A comparison of publication to TBI burden ratio of low- and middle- income countries versus high-income countries: how can we improve worldwide care of TBI? Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19507. PMID: 31675715.

319: Tunthanathip T, Phuenpathom N, Sae-Heng S, Oearsakul T, Sakarunchai I, Kaewborisutsakul A. Traumatic cerebrovascular injury: clinical characteristics and illustrative cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19382. PMID: 31675714.

320: Greuter L, Ullmann M, Mariani L, Guzman R, Soleman J. Effect of preoperative antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy on hemorrhagic complications in patients with traumatic brain injury undergoing craniotomy or craniectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19546. PMID: 31675713.

321: Nagesh M, Patel KR, Mishra A, Yeole U, Prabhuraj AR, Shukla D. Role of repeat CT in mild to moderate head injury: an institutional study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19527. PMID: 31675712.

322: Ares WJ, Jankowitz BT, Tonetti DA, Gross BA, Grandhi R. A comparison of digital subtraction angiography and computed tomography angiography for the diagnosis of penetrating cerebrovascular injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19495. PMID: 31675711.

323: Lenski M, Biczok A, Neufischer K, Tonn JC, Briegel J, Thon N. Significance of cerebrospinal fluid inflammatory markers for diagnosing external ventricular drain-associated ventriculitis in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19407. PMID: 31675710.

324: Velz J, Vasella F, Akeret K, Dias SF, Jehli E, Bozinov O, Regli L, Germans MR, Stienen MN; CORRECT-SCAR study group. Patterns of care: burr-hole cover application for chronic subdural hematoma trepanation. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19245. PMID: 31675709.

325: Patel P, Taylor D, Park MS. Characteristics of traumatic brain injury during Operation Enduring Freedom-Afghanistan: a retrospective case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19493. PMID: 31675708.

326: Komiyama K, Tosaka M, Shimauchi-Ohtaki H, Aihara M, Shimizu T, Yoshimoto Y. Computed tomography findings after head injury preceding chronic subdural hematoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19535. PMID: 31675707.

327: Chiu RG, Fuentes AM, Mehta AI. Gunshot wounds to the head: racial disparities in inpatient management and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19484. PMID: 31675706.

328: Varshneya K, Rodrigues AJ, Medress ZA, Stienen MN, Grant GA, Ratliff JK, Veeravagu A. Risks, costs, and outcomes of cerebrospinal fluid leaks after pediatric skull fractures: a MarketScan analysis between 2007 and 2015. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19543. PMID: 31675705.

329: Valadka AB, Maas AIR, Servadei F. Introduction. Traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Nov 1;47(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19688. PMID: 31675704.

330: Kiehna EN. Editorial. Shifting paradigms: how pediatric neurosurgeons view prenatal closure for myelomeningocele. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19641. PMID: 31574482.

331: Riley JS, Antiel RM, Flake AW, Johnson MP, Rintoul NE, Lantos JD, Traynor MD, Adzick NS, Feudtner C, Heuer GG. Pediatric neurosurgeons' views regarding prenatal surgery for myelomeningocele and the management of hydrocephalus: a national survey. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19406. PMID: 31574481.

332: Foss S, Flanders TM, Heuer GG, Schreiber JE. Neurobehavioral outcomes in patients with myelomeningocele. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19445. PMID: 31574480.

333: McCarthy DJ, Sheinberg DL, Luther E, McCrea HJ. Myelomeningocele-associated hydrocephalus: nationwide analysis and systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19469. PMID: 31574479.

334: Sherrod BA, Ho WS, Hedlund A, Kennedy A, Ostrander B, Bollo RJ. A comparison of the accuracy of fetal MRI and prenatal ultrasonography at predicting lesion level and perinatal motor outcome in patients with myelomeningocele. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19450. PMID: 31574478.

335: Spoor JKH, Gadjradj PS, Eggink AJ, DeKoninck PLJ, Lutters B, Scheepe JR, van Meeteren J, de Laat PCJ, van Veelen ML, de Jong THR. Contemporary management and outcome of myelomeningocele: the Rotterdam experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19447. PMID: 31574477.

336: Bijlenga P. Erratum. Association of single and multiple aneurysms with tobacco abuse: an @neurIST risk analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E21. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19130a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E9. PMID: 31574476.

337: Chen YN, Yang SH, Chou SC, Kuo MF. The role of sacral laminoplasty in the management of spina bifida and sacral cystic lesions: case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E20. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19414. PMID: 31574475.

338: Protzenko T, Bellas A, Pousa MS, Protzenko M, Fontes JM, de Lima Silveira AM, Sá CA, Pereira JP, Salomão RM, Salomão JFM, Dos Santos Gomes SC. Reviewing the prognostic factors in myelomeningocele. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19462. PMID: 31574474.

339: Formentin C, de Andrade EJ, Matias LG, Joaquim AF, Tedeschi H, Raposo- Amaral CE, Ghizoni E. Using the keystone design perforator island flap in large myelomeningocele closure. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E19. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19383. PMID: 31574473.

340: Deora H, Srinivas D, Shukla D, Devi BI, Mishra A, Beniwal M, Kannepalli NR, Somanna S. Multiple-site neural tube defects: embryogenesis with complete review of existing literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E18. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19437. PMID: 31574472.

341: Hopson B; MSHA, Alford EN, Zimmerman K, Blount JP, Rocque BG. Development of an evidence-based individualized transition plan for spina bifida. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19425. PMID: 31574471.

342: Patel SK, Staarmann B, Heilman A, Mains A, Woodward J, Bierbrauer KS. Growing up with spina bifida: bridging the gaps in the transition of care from childhood to adulthood. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19441. PMID: 31574470.

343: Kessler BA, Catalino MP, Quinsey C, Goodnight W, Elton S. Cost of prenatal versus postnatal myelomeningocele closure for both mother and child at 1 year of life. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19417. PMID: 31574469.

344: Cools M, Northam W, Goodnight W, Mulvaney G, Elton S, Quinsey C. Thirty-day medical and surgical readmission following prenatal versus postnatal myelomeningocele repair. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19355. PMID: 31574468.

345: Lu VM, Snyder KA, Ibirogba ER, Ruano R, Daniels DJ, Ahn ES. Progressive hydrocephalus despite early complete reversal of hindbrain herniation after prenatal open myelomeningocele repair. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19434. PMID: 31574467.

346: Carrabba G, Macchini F, Fabietti I, Schisano L, Meccariello G, Campanella R, Bertani G, Locatelli M, Boito S, Porro GA, Gabetta L, Picciolini O, Cinnante C, Triulzi F, Ciralli F, Mosca F, Lapa DA, Leva E, Rampini P, Persico N. Minimally invasive fetal surgery for myelomeningocele: preliminary report from a single center. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19438. PMID: 31574466.

347: Licci M, Guzman R, Soleman J. Maternal and obstetric complications in fetal surgery for prenatal myelomeningocele repair: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19470. PMID: 31574465.

348: Gadjradj PS, Spoor JKH, Eggink AJ, Wijnen R, Miller JL, Rosner M, Groves ML, DeKoninck PLJ, Harhangi BS, Baschat A, van Veelen ML, de Jong THR. Neurosurgeons' opinions on the prenatal management of myelomeningocele. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19362. PMID: 31574464.

349: Kiehna EN, Blount JP, McClung Smith C, Ocal E, Chatterjee S. Introduction. Advancing the care of children with spina bifida, prenatally and postnatally. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19666. PMID: 31574463.

350: Kosty JA, Mejia-Munne J, Dossani R, Savardekar A, Guthikonda B. Jacques Jean Lhermitte and the syndrome of peduncular hallucinosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19342. PMID: 31473682.

351: Preul MC. Editorial. Ipsilateral hemiparesis and its history for neurosurgery: same side, wrong side. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19501. PMID: 31473681.

352: Carrasco-Moro R, Castro-Dufourny I, Martínez-San Millán JS, Cabañes- Martínez L, Pascual JM. Ipsilateral hemiparesis: the forgotten history of this paradoxical neurological sign. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19337. PMID: 31473680.

353: Patra DP, Hess RA, Abi-Aad KR, Muzyka IM, Bendok BR. Roberts Bartholow: the progenitor of human cortical stimulation and his contentious experiment. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19349. PMID: 31473679.

354: Kundu B, Rolston JD, Grandhi R. Mapping language dominance through the lens of the Wada test. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19346. PMID: 31473678.

355: Rahimpour S, Haglund MM, Friedman AH, Duffau H. History of awake mapping and speech and language localization: from modules to networks. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.7.FOCUS19347. PMID: 31473677.

356: Leblanc R. A Parisian spring: the debate on language localization at the Imperial Academy of Medicine, Paris, April 4-June 13, 1865. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19256. PMID: 31473676.

357: Folzenlogen Z, Ormond DR. A brief history of cortical functional localization and its relevance to neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19326. PMID: 31473675.

358: Chen L, Zheng H. Letter to the Editor. Endovascular revascularization for symptomatic extracranial vertebral artery occlusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19300. PMID: 31473674.

359: Fana M, Smith EC, Gable JL, Manjila N, Manjila S. History of cerebral localization and the emigration plight of three neuroscience giants from Nazi Germany: Josef Gerstmann, Adolf Wallenberg, and Franz Josef Kallmann. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19340. PMID: 31473673.

360: Serra C, Guida L, Staartjes VE, Krayenbühl N, Türe U. Historical controversies about the thalamus: from etymology to function. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19331. PMID: 31473672.

361: Harary M, Cosgrove GR. Jean Talairach: a cerebral cartographer. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19320. PMID: 31473671.

362: Dario A, Armocida GO, Locatelli D. An ancestor of the stereotactic atlases: the Tabulae Anatomicae of Bartolomeo Eustachio. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19339. PMID: 31473670.

363: Mora C, Velásquez C, Martino J. The neural pathway midline crossing theory: a historical analysis of Santiago Rámon y Cajal's contribution on cerebral localization and on contralateral forebrain organization. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Sep 1;47(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.6.FOCUS19341. PMID: 31473669.

364: Sheinberg DL, McCarthy DJ, Elwardany O, Bryant JP, Luther E, Chen SH, Thompson JW, Starke RM. Endothelial dysfunction in cerebral aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19221. PMID: 31389675.

365: McLaughlin DC, Achey RL, Geertman R, Grossman J. Herpes simplex reactivation following neurosurgery: case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19281. PMID: 31370030.

366: Sharma R, Goda R, Borkar SA, Katiyar V, Agarwal S, Kumar A, Mohapatra S, Kapil A, Suri A, Kale SS. Outcome following postneurosurgical Acinetobacter meningitis: an institutional experience of 72 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19278. PMID: 31370029.

367: Tunthanathip T, Sae-Heng S, Oearsakul T, Sakarunchai I, Kaewborisutsakul A, Taweesomboonyat C. Machine learning applications for the prediction of surgical site infection in neurological operations. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19241. PMID: 31370028.

368: Chen Y, Zhang L, Qin T, Wang Z, Li Y, Gu B. Evaluation of neurosurgical implant infection rates and associated pathogens: evidence from 1118 postoperative infections. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS18582. PMID: 31370027.

369: Guo K, Heng L, Zhang H, Ma L, Zhang H, Jia D. Risk factors for postoperative intracranial infections in patients with pituitary adenoma after endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery: pneumocephalus deserves further study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19269. PMID: 31370026.

370: Lang SS, Zhang B, Yver H, Palma J, Kirschen MP, Topjian AA, Kennedy B, Storm PB, Heuer GG, Mensinger JL, Huh JW. Reduction of ventriculostomy- associated CSF infection with antibiotic-impregnated catheters in pediatric patients: a single-institution study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19279. PMID: 31370025.

371: Rubeli SL, D'Alonzo D, Mueller B, Bartlomé N, Fankhauser H, Bucheli E, Conen A, Fandino J, Fux CA. Implementation of an infection prevention bundle is associated with reduced surgical site infections in cranial neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19272. PMID: 31370024.

372: Carroll E, Lewis A. Prevention of surgical site infections after brain surgery: the prehistoric period to the present. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19250. PMID: 31370023.

373: Martin JE, Harkness W, Edwards M. Letter to the Editor. Humanitarian care: a plea for the consideration of ethical foundations and secondary effects. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E19. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS1917. PMID: 31370022.

374: Quinoa T, Jumah F, Narayan V, Xiong Z, Nanda A, Hanft S. Nocardia amikacinitolerans and cytomegalovirus: distinctive clinical and radiological characterization of the rare etiologies of brain abscesses: report of 2 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E18. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19284. PMID: 31370021.

375: Konar S, Gohil D, Shukla D, Sadashiva N, Uppar A, Bhat DI, Srinivas D, Arimappamagan A, Devi BI. Predictors of outcome of subdural empyema in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E17. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19268. PMID: 31370020.

376: Vieira E, Faquini IV, Silva JL, Griz MFL, Cezar AB, Almeida NS, Azevedo- Filho HRC. Subarachnoid neurocysticercosis and an intracranial infectious aneurysm: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19280. PMID: 31370019.

377: Weng C, Huang K, Jiang T, Zhou G, Wu T. Cerebral syphilitic gumma masquerading as cerebral metastatic tumors: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS1953. PMID: 31370018.

378: Mishra A, Prabhuraj AR, Shukla DP, Nandeesh BN, Chandrashekar N, Ramalingaiah A, Arivazhagan A, Bhat DI, Somanna S, Devi BI. Intracranial fungal granuloma: a single-institute study of 90 cases over 18 years. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19252. PMID: 31370017.

379: Raheja A. Editorial. Endoscopic sinus surgery in sinusitis-induced intracranial abscess: concepts and controversies. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19374. PMID: 31370016.

380: Koizumi M, Ishimaru M, Matsui H, Fushimi K, Yamasoba T, Yasunaga H. Outcomes of endoscopic sinus surgery for sinusitis-induced intracranial abscess in patients undergoing neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS1947. PMID: 31370015.

381: Udayakumaran S, Joseph T. A proposal for a tailored protocol for focal suppurative infection of the central nervous system: analysis of an institutional experience in pediatric patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19277. PMID: 31370014.

382: Kural C, Kırmızıgoz S, Ezgu MC, Bedir O, Kutlay M, Izci Y. Intracranial infections: lessons learned from 52 surgically treated cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19238. PMID: 31370013.

383: Lewis A, Raheja A, McCutcheon IE. Introduction. Primary and secondary infections of the brain. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Aug 1;47(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19390. PMID: 31370012.

384: Schatlo B, Gautschi OP, Friedrich CM, Ebeling C, Jägersberg M, Kulcsár Z, Pereira VM, Schaller K, Bijlenga P. Association of single and multiple aneurysms with tobacco abuse: an @neurIST risk analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19130. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Oct 1;47(4):E21. Kulscar, Zsolt [corrected to Kulcsár, Zsolt]. PMID: 31261132.

385: Desai M, Wali AR, Birk HS, Santiago-Dieppa DR, Khalessi AA. Role of pregnancy and female sex steroids on aneurysm formation, growth, and rupture: a systematic review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19228. PMID: 31261131.

386: Molenberg R, Aalbers MW, Metzemaekers JDM, Mazuri A, Luijckx GJ, Groen RJM, Uyttenboogaart M, van Dijk JMC. Clinical relevance of short-term follow-up of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS1995. PMID: 31261130.

387: Prestigiacomo CJ. Editorial. Looking at aneurysms by the numbers: morphometrics and the potentials of aneurysm analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19332. PMID: 31261129.

388: Leemans EL, Cornelissen BMW, Said M, van den Berg R, Slump CH, Marquering HA, Majoie CBLM. Intracranial aneurysm growth: consistency of morphological changes. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS1987. PMID: 31261128.

389: Zhang X, Ares WJ, Taussky P, Ducruet AF, Grandhi R. Role of matrix metalloproteinases in the pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19214. PMID: 31261127.

390: Frösen J, Cebral J, Robertson AM, Aoki T. Flow-induced, inflammation- mediated arterial wall remodeling in the formation and progression of intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E21. doi: 10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19234. PMID: 31261126; PMCID: PMC7193287.

391: Thompson JW, Elwardany O, McCarthy DJ, Sheinberg DL, Alvarez CM, Nada A, Snelling BM, Chen SH, Sur S, Starke RM. In vivo cerebral aneurysm models. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E20. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19219. PMID: 31261125.

392: Staarmann B, Smith M, Prestigiacomo CJ. Shear stress and aneurysms: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19225. PMID: 31261124.

393: Cornelissen BMW, Leemans EL, Coolen BF, Peper ES, van den Berg R, Marquering HA, Slump CH, Majoie CBLM. Insufficient slow-flow suppression mimicking aneurysm wall enhancement in magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging: a phantom study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E19. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19235. PMID: 31261123.

394: Cornelissen BMW, Leemans EL, Slump CH, Marquering HA, Majoie CBLM, van den Berg R. Vessel wall enhancement of intracranial aneurysms: fact or artifact? Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E18. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19236. PMID: 31261122.

395: Bijlenga P, Morel S, Hirsch S, Schaller K, Rüfenacht D. Plea for an international Aneurysm Data Bank: description and perspectives. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E17. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19185. PMID: 31261121.

396: Detmer FJ, Hadad S, Chung BJ, Mut F, Slawski M, Juchler N, Kurtcuoglu V, Hirsch S, Bijlenga P, Uchiyama Y, Fujimura S, Yamamoto M, Murayama Y, Takao H, Koivisto T, Frösen J, Cebral JR. Extending statistical learning for aneurysm rupture assessment to Finnish and Japanese populations using morphology, hemodynamics, and patient characteristics. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E16. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19145. PMID: 31261120; PMCID: PMC7132362.

397: Berg P, Saalfeld S, Voß S, Beuing O, Janiga G. A review on the reliability of hemodynamic modeling in intracranial aneurysms: why computational fluid dynamics alone cannot solve the equation. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E15. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19181. PMID: 31261119.

398: Steinman DA, Pereira VM. How patient specific are patient-specific computational models of cerebral aneurysms? An overview of sources of error and variability. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19123. PMID: 31261118.

399: Dabagh M, Nair P, Gounley J, Frakes D, Gonzalez LF, Randles A. Hemodynamic and morphological characteristics of a growing cerebral aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19195. PMID: 31261117; PMCID: PMC7605304.

400: Murayama Y, Fujimura S, Suzuki T, Takao H. Computational fluid dynamics as a risk assessment tool for aneurysm rupture. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19189. PMID: 31261116.

401: Soldozy S, Norat P, Elsarrag M, Chatrath A, Costello JS, Sokolowski JD, Tvrdik P, Kalani MYS, Park MS. The biophysical role of hemodynamics in the pathogenesis of cerebral aneurysm formation and rupture. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19232. PMID: 31261115.

402: Samuel N, Radovanovic I. Genetic basis of intracranial aneurysm formation and rupture: clinical implications in the postgenomic era. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19204. PMID: 31261114.

403: Prestigiacomo CJ, Gounis MJ, Gonzalez LF, Frösen J. Introduction. Formation, growth, and rupture: the biology and physics of cerebral aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jul 1;47(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FOCUS19333. PMID: 31261113.

404: Yolcu YU, Goyal A, Alvi MA, Moinuddin FM, Bydon M. Trends in the utilization of radiotherapy for spinal meningiomas: insights from the 2004-2015 National Cancer Database. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1969. PMID: 31153154.

405: Ge Y, Liu D, Zhang Z, Li Y, Lin Y, Wang G, Zong Y, Liu E. Gamma Knife radiosurgery for intracranial benign meningiomas: follow-up outcome in 130 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1956. PMID: 31153153.

406: Joshi KC, Raghavan A, Muhsen B, Hsieh J, Borghei-Razavi H, Chao ST, Barnett GH, Suh JH, Neyman G, Kshettry VR, Recinos PF, Mohammadi AM, Angelov L. Fractionated Gamma Knife radiosurgery for skull base meningiomas: a single- institution experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1963. PMID: 31153152.

407: Acker G, Kluge A, Lukas M, Conti A, Pasemann D, Meinert F, Anh Nguyen PT, Jelgersma C, Loebel F, Budach V, Vajkoczy P, Furth C, Baur ADJ, Senger C. Impact of 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/MRI on robotic radiosurgery treatment planning in meningioma patients: first experiences in a single institution. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1925. PMID: 31153151.

408: Fatima N, Meola A, Pollom EL, Soltys SG, Chang SD. Stereotactic radiosurgery versus stereotactic radiotherapy in the management of intracranial meningiomas: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1970. PMID: 31153149.

409: Reddy AK, Ryoo JS, Denyer S, McGuire LS, Mehta AI. Determining the role of adjuvant radiotherapy in the management of meningioma: a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1971. PMID: 31153148.

410: Dawley T, Rana Z, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Goenka A, Schulder M. Major complications from radiotherapy following treatment for atypical meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1930. PMID: 31153147.

411: Labuschagne JJ, Chetty D. Glioblastoma multiforme as a secondary malignancy following stereotactic radiosurgery of a meningioma: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1948. PMID: 31153146.

412: Wu A, Jin MC, Meola A, Wong HN, Chang SD. Efficacy and toxicity of particle radiotherapy in WHO grade II and grade III meningiomas: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1967. PMID: 31153145.

413: Xia Y, Chen LY. Letter to the Editor. Parasitic spinal infections. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS19110. PMID: 31153144.

414: Alhourani A, Aljuboori Z, Yusuf M, Woo SY, Hattab EM, Andaluz N, Williams BJ. Management trends for anaplastic meningioma with adjuvant radiotherapy and predictors of long-term survival. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1960. PMID: 31153143.

415: McDermott MW, Sheehan J, Braunstein S. Introduction. Radiosurgery and radiotherapy for meningiomas: overview of the issue. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS19260. PMID: 31153142.

416: Chidambaram S, Pannullo SC, Roytman M, Pisapia DJ, Liechty B, Magge RS, Ramakrishna R, Stieg PE, Schwartz TH, Ivanidze J. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging perfusion characteristics in meningiomas treated with resection and adjuvant radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jun 1;46(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS1954. PMID: 31153141.

417: Heo DH, Lee DC, Park CK. Comparative analysis of three types of minimally invasive decompressive surgery for lumbar central stenosis: biportal endoscopy, uniportal endoscopy, and microsurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS197. PMID: 31042664.

418: Stienen MN, Maldaner N, Joswig H, Corniola MV, Bellut D, Prömmel P, Regli L, Weyerbrock A, Schaller K, Gautschi OP. Objective functional assessment using the “Timed Up and Go” test in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS18618. PMID: 31042663.

419: Goel A, Ranjan S, Shah A, Patil A, Vutha R. Lumbar canal stenosis: analyzing the role of stabilization and the futility of decompression as treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS18726. PMID: 31042662.

420: Heary R. Editorial. Use of fixation/fusion to treat lumbar spinal stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS19139. PMID: 31042661.

421: Siccoli A, de Wispelaere MP, Schröder ML, Staartjes VE. Machine learning- based preoperative predictive analytics for lumbar spinal stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS18723. PMID: 31042660.

422: Zou D, Li W, Xu F, Du G. Use of Hounsfield units of S1 body to diagnose osteoporosis in patients with lumbar degenerative diseases. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS18614. PMID: 31042659.

423: Rustenburg CME, Faraj SSA, Holewijn RM, Kingma I, van Royen BJ, Stadhouder A, Emanuel KS. The biomechanical effect of single-level laminectomy and posterior instrumentation on spinal stability in degenerative lumbar scoliosis: a human cadaveric study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS1911. PMID: 31042658.

424: Martin JE. Letter to the Editor. Early decompressive craniectomy and limited tract debridement: a proven strategy? Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E17. doi: 10.3171/2018.12.FOCUS18746. PMID: 31042657.

425: Hasan S, McGrath LB, Sen RD, Barber JK, Hofstetter CP. Comparison of full- endoscopic and minimally invasive decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis in the setting of degenerative scoliosis and spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS195. PMID: 31042656.

426: Chan AK, Bisson EF, Bydon M, Glassman SD, Foley KT, Potts EA, Shaffrey CI, Shaffrey ME, Coric D, Knightly JJ, Park P, Wang MY, Fu KM, Slotkin JR, Asher AL, Virk MS, Kerezoudis P, Alvi MA, Guan J, Haid RW, Mummaneni PV. A comparison of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and decompression alone for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS18722. PMID: 31042655.

427: Kern M, Setzer M, Weise L, Mroe A, Frey H, Frey K, Seifert V, Duetzmann S. Upright MRI after decompression of spinal stenosis and concurrent spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2019.3.FOCUS18730. PMID: 31042654.

428: Mummaneni PV, Bydon M, Alvi MA, Chan AK, Glassman SD, Foley KT, Potts EA, Shaffrey CI, Shaffrey ME, Coric D, Knightly JJ, Park P, Wang MY, Fu KM, Slotkin JR, Asher AL, Virk MS, Kerezoudis P, Guan J, Haid RW, Bisson EF. Predictive model for long-term patient satisfaction after surgery for grade I degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: insights from the Quality Outcomes Database. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS18734. PMID: 31042653.

429: Park B, Noh SH, Park JY. Reduction and monosegmental fusion for lumbar spondylolisthesis with a long tab percutaneous pedicle screw system: “swing” technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS18724. PMID: 31042652.

430: Khalsa SS, Kim HS, Singh R, Kashlan ON. Radiographic outcomes of endoscopic decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS18617. PMID: 31042651.

431: Heary RF, Anderson PA, Arnold PM. Introduction. Lumbar spinal stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS19151. PMID: 31042650.

432: Soliman MAR, Ali A. Decompression of lumbar canal stenosis with a bilateral interlaminar versus classic laminectomy technique: a prospective randomized study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS18725. PMID: 31042649.

433: Pietrantonio A, Trungu S, Famà I, Forcato S, Miscusi M, Raco A. Long-term clinical outcomes after bilateral laminotomy or total laminectomy for lumbar spinal stenosis: a single-institution experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 May 1;46(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FOCUS18651. PMID: 31042648.

434: Corniola MV, Debono B, Joswig H, Lemée JM, Tessitore E. Enhanced recovery after spine surgery: review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18657. PMID: 31018257.

435: Dietz N, Sharma M, Alhourani A, Ugiliweneza B, Wang D, Nuño M, Drazin D, Boakye M. Outcomes of decompression and fusion for treatment of spinal infection. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 15;46(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18460. PMID: 30942997.

436: Wicks RT, Zhao X, Hardesty DA, Liebelt BD, Nakaji P. Mini-pterional approach for clip ligation of ethmoidal dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V9. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18660. PMID: 30939446.

437: Raper DMS, Mohammed N, Kalani MYS, Park MS. Left temporal craniotomy and direct microcatheterization of the middle meningeal artery for treatment of a complex temporal dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V8. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18650. PMID: 30939445.

438: Sun L, Ren J, Zhang H. Application of the selective indocyanine green videoangiography in microsurgical treatment of a craniocervical junction dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V5. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18681. PMID: 30939444.

439: Srinivasan VM, Sen AN, Kan P. Trans-superior ophthalmic vein approach for treatment of carotid-cavernous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V4. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.FocusVid.18496. PMID: 30939443.

440: O'Connor KP, Bohnstedt BN. Left anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistula ligation using a supra-orbital (eyebrow) craniotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V3. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18682. PMID: 30939442.

441: Sorenson TJ, De Maria L, Rangel-Castilla L, Lanzino G. Surgical treatment of previously embolized craniocervical junction dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V2. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18639. PMID: 30939441.

442: Cole TS, Gandhi S, Mascitelli JR, Hardesty D, Cavallo C, Lawton MT. Bifrontal approach for clip ligation of bilateral ethmoidal dural arteriovenous fistulas: operative video. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V14. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18702. PMID: 30939440.

443: Beer-Furlan A, Joshi KC, Dasenbrock HH, Chen M. Endovascular management of complex superior sagittal sinus dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V11. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18687. PMID: 30939439.

444: Glauser G, Flanders TM, Choudhri O. Microsurgical treatment of tentorial dural fistulas causing thalamic venous hypertension: two illustrative sister cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V13. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18635. PMID: 30939438.

445: Rinaldo L, Brinjikji W, Rangel-Castilla L. Nuances of transarterial and transvenous embolization of a large tentorial arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V12. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18674. PMID: 30939437.

446: Peto I, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Dehdashti AR. Right jugular foramen dural arteriovenous fistula Cognard IV. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V7. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18667. PMID: 30939436.

447: Kshettry VR, Moore NZ, Bain M. Far lateral approach for microsurgical ligation of C1 dural arteriovenous fistula: surgical anatomy and technical nuances. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V6. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18697. PMID: 30939435.

448: Gesheva S, Couldwell WT, Mortimer V, Taussky P, Grandhi R. Staged transarterial endovascular embolization of a malignant dural arteriovenous fistula using Onyx and n-butyl cyanoacrylate. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V1. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18676. PMID: 30939434.

449: Beer-Furlan A, Dasenbrock HH, Joshi KC, Chen M. Transarterial and transvenous approaches for embolization of tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(Suppl_2):V10. doi: 10.3171/2019.2.FocusVid.18690. PMID: 30939433.

450: Soffin EM, Wetmore DS, Barber LA, Vaishnav AS, Beckman JD, Albert TJ, Gang CH, Qureshi SA. An enhanced recovery after surgery pathway: association with rapid discharge and minimal complications after anterior cervical spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18643. PMID: 30933926.

451: Soffin EM, Wetmore DS, Beckman JD, Sheha ED, Vaishnav AS, Albert TJ, Gang CH, Qureshi SA. Opioid-free anesthesia within an enhanced recovery after surgery pathway for minimally invasive lumbar spine surgery: a retrospective matched cohort study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18645. PMID: 30933925.

452: Staartjes VE, de Wispelaere MP, Schröder ML. Improving recovery after elective degenerative spine surgery: 5-year experience with an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18646. PMID: 30933924.

453: Debono B, Corniola MV, Pietton R, Sabatier P, Hamel O, Tessitore E. Benefits of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery for fusion in degenerative spine surgery: impact on outcome, length of stay, and patient satisfaction. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18669. PMID: 30933923.

454: Carr DA, Saigal R, Zhang F, Bransford RJ, Bellabarba C, Dagal A. Enhanced perioperative care and decreased cost and length of stay after elective major spinal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18630. PMID: 30933922.

455: Brusko GD, Kolcun JPG, Heger JA, Levi AD, Manzano GR, Madhavan K, Urakov T, Epstein RH, Wang MY. Reductions in length of stay, narcotics use, and pain following implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery program for 1- to 3-level lumbar fusion surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18692. PMID: 30933921.

456: Elsarrag M, Soldozy S, Patel P, Norat P, Sokolowski JD, Park MS, Tvrdik P, Kalani MYS. Enhanced recovery after spine surgery: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18700. PMID: 30933920.

457: Heo DH, Park CK. Clinical results of percutaneous biportal endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion with application of enhanced recovery after surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E18. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18695. PMID: 30933919.

458: Buell TJ, Taylor DG, Chen CJ, Dunn LK, Mullin JP, Mazur MD, Yen CP, Shaffrey ME, Shaffrey CI, Smith JS, Naik BI. Rotational thromboelastometry- guided transfusion during lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy for adult spinal deformity: preliminary findings from a matched cohort study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18572. PMID: 30933918.

459: Kai-Hong Chan A, Choy W, Miller CA, Robinson LC, Mummaneni PV. A novel technique for awake, minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18510. PMID: 30933917.

460: Mazur MD, Dailey AT. Editorial. Reducing the burden of spine fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS1945. PMID: 30933916.

461: Kolcun JPG, Brusko GD, Basil GW, Epstein R, Wang MY. Endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion without general anesthesia: operative and clinical outcomes in 100 consecutive patients with a minimum 1-year follow-up. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2018.12.FOCUS18701. PMID: 30933915.

462: Berrington NR. Editorial. The opioid crisis: an opportunity to alter morbidity through the implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery protocols during spinal surgery? Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS1944. PMID: 30933914.

463: Martini ML, Nistal DA, Deutsch BC, Caridi JM. Characterizing the risk and outcome profiles of lumbar fusion procedures in patients with opioid use disorders: a step toward improving enhanced recovery protocols for a unique patient population. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18652. PMID: 30933913.

464: Chakravarthy VB, Yokoi H, Coughlin DJ, Manlapaz MR, Krishnaney AA. Development and implementation of a comprehensive spine surgery enhanced recovery after surgery protocol: the Cleveland Clinic experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18696. PMID: 30933912.

465: Tarıkçı Kılıç E, Demirbilek T, Naderi S. Does an enhanced recovery after surgery protocol change costs and outcomes of single-level lumbar microdiscectomy? Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18665. PMID: 30933911.

466: Wang MY, Tessitore E, Berrington N, Dailey A. Introduction. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Apr 1;46(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS1957. PMID: 30933910.

467: Burks JD, Gant KL, Guest JD, Jamshidi AG, Cox EM, Anderson KD, Dietrich WD, Bunge MB, Green BA, Khan A, Pearse DD, Saraf-Lavi E, Levi AD. Imaging characteristics of chronic spinal cord injury identified during screening for a cell transplantation clinical trial. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.12.FOCUS18593. PMID: 30835682.

468: Zaninovich OA, Avila MJ, Kay M, Becker JL, Hurlbert RJ, Martirosyan NL. The role of diffusion tensor imaging in the diagnosis, prognosis, and assessment of recovery and treatment of spinal cord injury: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18591. PMID: 30835681.

469: Wallace DJ, Sayre NL, Patterson TT, Nicholson SE, Hilton D, Grandhi R. Spinal cord injury and the human microbiome: beyond the brain-gut axis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.12.FOCUS18206. PMID: 30835680.

470: Jin MC, Medress ZA, Azad TD, Doulames VM, Veeravagu A. Stem cell therapies for acute spinal cord injury in humans: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.12.FOCUS18602. PMID: 30835679.

471: Antonios JP, Farah GJ, Cleary DR, Martin JR, Ciacci JD, Pham MH. Immunosuppressive mechanisms for stem cell transplant survival in spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.12.FOCUS18589. PMID: 30835678.

472: Hurlbert RJ. Editorial. Penetrating spinal trauma: snapshot of the American epidemic. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS1913. PMID: 30835677.

473: Lau D, Dalle Ore CL, Tarapore PE, Huang M, Manley G, Singh V, Mummaneni PV, Beattie M, Bresnahan J, Ferguson AR, Talbott JF, Whetstone W, Dhall SS. Value of aggressive surgical and intensive care unit in elderly patients with traumatic spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.12.FOCUS18555. PMID: 30835676.

474: Srinivas S, Wali AR, Pham MH. Efficacy of riluzole in the treatment of spinal cord injury: a systematic review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS18596. PMID: 30835675.

475: Morrow KD, Podet AG, Spinelli CP, Lasseigne LM, Crutcher CL, Wilson JD, Tender GC, DiGiorgio AM. A case series of penetrating spinal trauma: comparisons to blunt trauma, surgical indications, and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.12.FOCUS18577. PMID: 30835674.

476: Shabani S, Kaushal M, Budde M, Kurpad SN. Correlation of magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging parameters with American Spinal Injury Association score for prognostication and long-term outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.12.FOCUS18595. PMID: 30835673.

477: Dhall SS, Kurpad SN, Hurlbert RJ, Mummaneni PV. Introduction. Acute spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Mar 1;46(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FOCUS1912. PMID: 30835672.

478: Oya S, Indo M, Nagashima M, Matsui T. Superficial temporal artery-superior cerebellar artery bypass and trapping of a fusiform aneurysm using intradural anterior petrosectomy: technical case report and anatomical study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18432. PMID: 30717074.

479: Duan H, Mo D, Zhang Y, Zhang J, Li L. Carotid-vertebral artery bypass with saphenous vein graft for symptomatic vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18360. PMID: 30717073.

480: Muscas G, Bas van Niftrik CH, Fierstra J, Piccirelli M, Sebök M, Burkhardt JK, Valavanis A, Pangalu A, Regli L, Bozinov O. Feasibility and safety of intraoperative BOLD functional MRI cerebrovascular reactivity to evaluate extracranial-to-intracranial bypass efficacy. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18502. PMID: 30717072.

481: Nomura S, Yamaguchi K, Ishikawa T, Kawashima A, Okada Y, Kawamata T. Clinical factors influencing the development of extracranial-intracranial bypass graft for steno-occlusive cerebrovascular disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18500. PMID: 30717071.

482: Soldozy S, Costello JS, Norat P, Sokolowski JD, Soldozy K, Park MS, Tvrdik P, Kalani MYS. Extracranial-intracranial bypass approach to cerebral revascularization: a historical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18527. PMID: 30717070.

483: White TG, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Park J, Katz J, Langer DJ, Dehdashti AR. Cerebral revascularization after the Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study: what candidates remain, and can we do better? Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18536. PMID: 30717069.

484: Wang L, Lu S, Cai L, Qian H, Tanikawa R, Shi X. Internal maxillary artery bypass for the treatment of complex middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18457. PMID: 30717068.

485: Somji M, McEachern J, Silvaggio J. Cerebral revascularization in cerebral proliferative angiopathy: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18529. PMID: 30717067.

486: Golub D, Hu L, Dogra S, Torres J, Shapiro M. Spontaneous bilateral internal carotid and vertebral artery dissections with dominant-hemisphere circulation maintained by external carotid artery-ophthalmic artery anastomoses. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18443. PMID: 30717066.

487: Winkler EA, Yue JK, Deng H, Raygor KP, Phelps RRL, Rutledge C, Lu AY, Rodriguez Rubio R, Burkhardt JK, Abla AA. National trends in cerebral bypass surgery in the United States, 2002-2014. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18530. PMID: 30717065.

488: Kolb B, Fadel H, Rajah G, Saber H, Luqman A, Rangel-Castilla L. Effect of revascularization on cognitive outcomes in intracranial steno-occlusive disease: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18517. PMID: 30717064.

489: Ravina K, Strickland BA, Rennert RC, Carey JN, Russin JJ. Role of botulinum neurotoxin-A in cerebral revascularization graft vasospasm prevention: current state of knowledge. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18514. PMID: 30717063.

490: Acker G, Schlinkmann N, Fekonja L, Grünwald L, Hardt J, Czabanka M, Vajkoczy P. Wound healing complications after revascularization for moyamoya vasculopathy with reference to different skin incisions. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18512. PMID: 30717062.

491: Russin JJ, Dehdashti AR, Vajkoczy P, Kuroda S, Mao Y. Introduction. The unrealized gain of cerebral revascularization. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18620. PMID: 30717061.

492: Perry A, Graffeo CS, Carlstrom LP, Anding WJ, Link MJ, Rangel-Castilla L. Novel rodent model for simulation of sylvian fissure dissection and cerebrovascular bypass under subarachnoid hemorrhage conditions: technical note and timing study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E17. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18533. PMID: 30717047.

493: Taqi MA, Suriya SS, Sodhi A, Quadri SA, Farooqui M, Zafar A, Mortazavi MM. Ideal sedation for stroke thrombectomy: a prospective pilot single-center observational study. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18522. PMID: 30717046.

494: Sharma M, Ugiliweneza B, Fortuny EM, Khattar NK, Andaluz N, James RF, Williams BJ, Boakye M, Ding D. National trends in cerebral bypass for unruptured intracranial aneurysms: a National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample analysis of 1998-2015. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Feb 1;46(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2018.11.FOCUS18504. PMID: 30717045.

495: Joshi KC, Heiferman DM, Beer-Furlan A, Lopes DK. Stent-assisted coil embolization of MCA aneurysm via a trans-posterior communicating artery access. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V3. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18444. PMID: 30611185.

496: Vercelli G, Sorenson TJ, Giordan E, Lanzino G, Rangel-Castilla L. Nuances of carotid artery stenting under flow arrest with dual-balloon guide catheter. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V4. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18417. PMID: 30611184.

497: Rustemi O, Di Clemente L, Raneri F, Volpin L, Iannucci G. Utility of 3D rotational angiography road map in flow diverter deployment in a distal dissecting MCA aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V14. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18471. PMID: 30611183.

498: Liao CH, Chen WH, Liao NC, Tsuei YS. CTA-guided outflow-targeted embolization of direct carotid-cavernous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V11. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18447. PMID: 30611182.

499: Vakharia K, Munich SA, Waqas M, Setlur Nagesh SV, Levy EI. Deployment of distal posterior cerebral artery flow diverter in tortuous anatomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V9. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18481. PMID: 30611181.

500: Brinjikji W, Cloft HJ, Lanzino G, Rangel-Castilla L, Morris PP. Transarterial embolization of an internal maxillary artery arteriovenous fistula presenting with pulsatile tinnitus. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V7. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18479. PMID: 30611180.

501: Vakharia K, Munich SA, Tso MK, Waqas M, Levy EI. Stent anchor technique to reduce microcatheter loop for stent-assisted coiling of anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V8. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18466. PMID: 30611179.

502: Rangel-Castilla L, Lanzino G. Nuances of transradial approach for mechanical thombectomy in acute basilar artery occlusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V5. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18420. PMID: 30611178.

503: Rinaldo L, Cloft HJ, Lanzino G, Rangel-Castilla L. Embolization of a large lumbar type A epidural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V6. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18435. PMID: 30611177.

504: Beer-Furlan A, Dasenbrock HH, Joshi KC, Chen M. Endovascular management of basilar artery occlusion secondary to fusiform aneurysm with intraluminal thrombus. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V2. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18468. PMID: 30611176.

505: Cherian J, Madaelil TP, Tong F, Howard BM, Cawley CM, Grossberg JA. Combined reconstructive and deconstructive endovascular approach for bilateral vertebral artery dissection with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V13. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18483. PMID: 30611175.

506: Srinivasan VM, Vedantam A, Kan P. PulseRider treatment of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V12. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18425. PMID: 30611174.

507: Rangel-Castilla L, Shallwani H, Siddiqui AH. Transvenous embolization of thalamic arteriovenous malformation under transient cardiac standstill. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V10. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18416. PMID: 30611173.

508: Levy EI, Munich SA, Rosenwasser RH, Kan P, Thompson BG. Introduction: Endovascular Neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(Suppl_1):V1. doi: 10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 30611172.

509: Rustemi O, Raneri F, Alvaro L, Gazzola L, Beggio G, Rossetto L, Cervellini P. Single-approach vertebral osteosynthesis in the treatment of spinal osteolysis by spondylodiscitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18442. PMID: 30611171.

510: DiGiorgio AM, Stein R, Morrow KD, Robichaux JM, Crutcher CL, Tender GC. The increasing frequency of intravenous drug abuse-associated spinal epidural abscesses: a case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18449. PMID: 30611170.

511: Drazin D, Chapman JR, Dailey A, Street J. Introduction. Primary and secondary infections of the spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18588. PMID: 30611169.

512: Many GM, Drazin D. Editorial. Is the rise in spinal infections an unexpected consequence of the opioid epidemic? Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18576. PMID: 30611168.

513: Dodson V, Majmundar N, Swantic V, Assina R. The effect of prophylactic vancomycin powder on infections following spinal surgeries: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18470. PMID: 30611167.

514: Waheed G, Soliman MAR, Ali AM, Aly MH. Spontaneous spondylodiscitis: review, incidence, management, and clinical outcome in 44 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18463. PMID: 30611166.

515: Sharma M, Dietz N, Alhourani A, Ugiliweneza B, Wang D, Drazin D, Boakye M. Insights into complication rates, reoperation rates, and healthcare utilization associated with use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 in patients with spine infections. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18448. PMID: 30611165.

516: Burkhardt BW, Müller SJ, Wagner AC, Oertel JM. Anterior cervical spine surgery for the treatment of subaxial cervical spondylodiscitis: a report of 30 consecutive patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18464. PMID: 30611164.

517: Chapman JR. Editorial. Spinal infections: a growing problem, which deserves our urgent attention. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18587. PMID: 30611163.

518: Behmanesh B, Gessler F, Schnoes K, Dubinski D, Won SY, Konczalla J, Seifert V, Weise L, Setzer M. Infective endocarditis in patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis: implications for diagnosis and therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18445. PMID: 30611162.

519: Majmundar N, Patel PD, Dodson V, Tran A, Goldstein I, Assina R. Parasitic infections of the spine: case series and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2019 Jan 1;46(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FOCUS18472. PMID: 30611161.

520: Menger R, Mundell BF, Robbins JW, Letarte P, Bell R; in conjunction with Council of State Neurosurgical Societies and AANS/CNS Joint Committee of Military Neurosurgeons. The impact of the reserve military neurosurgeon: practice, community, and service. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18378. PMID: 30544330.

521: Lazarus R, Helmick K, Malik S, Gregory E, Agimi Y, Marion D. Continuum of the United States military's traumatic brain injury care: adjusting to the changing battlefield. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18396. PMID: 30544329.

522: Forbes JA. Elective neurosurgical humanitarian care in a deployed setting. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18366. PMID: 30544325.

523: Kim LH, Quon JL, Sun FW, Wortman KM, Adamson MM, Harris OA. Traumatic brain injury among female veterans: a review of sex differences in military neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18369. PMID: 30544324.

524: Schulz C, Mauer UM, Mathieu R, Freude G. Spine surgery in the International Security Assistance Force Role 3 combat support hospital in Mazar-e-Sharif, northern Afghanistan, 2007-2014. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18389. PMID: 30544323.

525: Bell RS, Neal CJ, McCafferty R. Introduction. Military neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18491. PMID: 30544317.

526: Celtikci E, Yakar F, Celtikci P, Izci Y. Relationship between individual payload weight and spondylolysis incidence in Turkish land forces. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18375. PMID: 30544316.

527: Fathalla H, Ashry A, El-Fiki A. Managing military penetrating brain injuries in the war zone: lessons learned. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18371. PMID: 30544315.

528: Shackelford SA, Del Junco DJ, Reade MC, Bell R, Becker T, Gurney J, McCafferty R, Marion DW. Association of time to craniectomy with survival in patients with severe combat-related brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18404. PMID: 30544314.

529: McCafferty RR. Editorial. Assessing outcomes of combat-related penetrating brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18493. PMID: 30544313.

530: Wolfe SQ. Editorial. Developing systems of care: association of time to craniectomy with survival in patients with severe combat-related brain injuries. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18497. PMID: 30544312.

531: Hubbard ZS, Henderson F, Armonda RA, Spiotta AM, Rosenbaum R, Henderson F. The shipboard Beirut terrorist bombing experience: a historical account and recommendations for preparedness in events of mass neurological injuries. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E18. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18390. PMID: 30544311.

532: Neal CJ, Mandell K, Tasikas E, Delaney JJ, Miller CA, Schlaff CD, Rosner MK. Cost-effectiveness of adult spinal deformity surgery in a military healthcare system. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18381. PMID: 30544310.

533: Miller CA, Boulter JH, Coughlin DJ, Rosner MK, Neal CJ, Dirks MS. Return- to-active-duty rates after anterior cervical spine surgery in military pilots. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18380. PMID: 30544309.

534: Javadi SA, Zeinalizadeh M. Letter to the Editor. Nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E19. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18413. PMID: 30544308.

535: Shin DH, Hooten KG, Sindelar BD, Corliss BM, Carlton WRY, Carroll CP, Tomlin JM, Fox WC. Direct enhancement of readiness for wartime critical specialties by civilian-military partnerships for neurosurgical care: residency training and beyond. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18387. PMID: 30544307.

536: Tunthanathip T, Khocharoen K, Phuenpathom N. Blast-induced traumatic brain injury: the experience from a level I trauma center in southern Thailand. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18311. PMID: 30544306.

537: Dagain A, Aoun O, Sellier A, Desse N, Joubert C, Beucler N, Bernard C, Fouet M, Delmas JM, Dulou R. Acute neurosurgical management of traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injury in French armed forces during deployment. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18368. PMID: 30544305.

538: Larkin MB, Graves EKM, Boulter JH, Szuflita NS, Meyer RM, Porambo ME, Delaney JJ, Bell RS. Two-year mortality and functional outcomes in combat- related penetrating brain injury: battlefield through rehabilitation. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Dec 1;45(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18359. PMID: 30544304.

539: Shasby G. Erratum. Open-loop deep brain stimulation for the treatment of epilepsy: a systematic review of clinical outcomes over the past decade (2008-present). Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2018.9.FOCUS18161a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E5. PMID: 30453464.

540: Karhade AV, Ogink P, Thio Q, Broekman M, Cha T, Gormley WB, Hershman S, Peul WC, Bono CM, Schwab JH. Development of machine learning algorithms for prediction of discharge disposition after elective inpatient surgery for lumbar degenerative disc disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18340. PMID: 30453463.

541: Devin CJ, Bydon M, Alvi MA, Kerezoudis P, Khan I, Sivaganesan A, McGirt MJ, Archer KR, Foley KT, Mummaneni PV, Bisson EF, Knightly JJ, Shaffrey CI, Asher AL. A predictive model and nomogram for predicting return to work at 3 months after cervical spine surgery: an analysis from the Quality Outcomes Database. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18326. PMID: 30453462.

542: Paliwal N, Jaiswal P, Tutino VM, Shallwani H, Davies JM, Siddiqui AH, Rai R, Meng H. Outcome prediction of intracranial aneurysm treatment by flow diverters using machine learning. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18332. PMID: 30453461; PMCID: PMC6421840.

543: Hollon TC, Parikh A, Pandian B, Tarpeh J, Orringer DA, Barkan AL, McKean EL, Sullivan SE. A machine learning approach to predict early outcomes after pituitary adenoma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18268. PMID: 30453460.

544: Nguyen AV, Blears EE, Ross E, Lall RR, Ortega-Barnett J. Machine learning applications for the differentiation of primary central nervous system lymphoma from glioblastoma on imaging: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18325. PMID: 30453459.

545: Hale AT, Stonko DP, Wang L, Strother MK, Chambless LB. Machine learning analyses can differentiate meningioma grade by features on magnetic resonance imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18191. PMID: 30453458.

546: Nigro L. Letter to the Editor. Plasticity of the supplementary motor area. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18344. PMID: 30453457.

547: Harbaugh RE. Editorial. Artificial neural networks for neurosurgical diagnosis, prognosis, and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18438. PMID: 30453456.

548: Hale AT, Stonko DP, Brown A, Lim J, Voce DJ, Gannon SR, Le TM, Shannon CN. Machine-learning analysis outperforms conventional statistical models and CT classification systems in predicting 6-month outcomes in pediatric patients sustaining traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS17773. PMID: 30453455.

549: Staartjes VE, Serra C, Muscas G, Maldaner N, Akeret K, van Niftrik CHB, Fierstra J, Holzmann D, Regli L. Utility of deep neural networks in predicting gross-total resection after transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma: a pilot study. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18243. PMID: 30453454.

550: Dietz N, Sharma M, Alhourani A, Ugiliweneza B, Wang D, Nuño MA, Drazin D, Boakye M. Variability in the utility of predictive models in predicting patient- reported outcomes following spine surgery for degenerative conditions: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18331. PMID: 30453453.

551: Scheer JK, Oh T, Smith JS, Shaffrey CI, Daniels AH, Sciubba DM, Hamilton DK, Protopsaltis TS, Passias PG, Hart RA, Burton DC, Bess S, Lafage R, Lafage V, Schwab F, Klineberg EO, Ames CP; International Spine Study Group. Development of a validated computer-based preoperative predictive model for pseudarthrosis with 91% accuracy in 336 adult spinal deformity patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18246. PMID: 30453452.

552: Asher AL, Devin CJ, Harbaugh RE, Bydon M. Introduction. Predictive analytics in medicine. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS18441. PMID: 30453451.

553: Mohammed N, Patra D, Nanda A. Erratum. A meta-analysis of outcomes and complications of magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound in the treatment of essential tremor. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul 1;45(1):E16. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS17628a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E4. PMID: 30444493.

554: Dewan MC, Onen J, Bow H, Ssenyonga P, Howard C, Warf BC. Subspecialty pediatric neurosurgery training: a skill-based training model for neurosurgeons in low-resourced health systems. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18249. PMID: 30269595.

555: Ormond DR, Kahamba J, Lillehei KO, Rutabasibwa N. Overcoming barriers to neurosurgical training in Tanzania: international exchange, curriculum development, and novel methods of resource utilization and subspecialty development. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18239. PMID: 30269594.

556: West JL, Fargen KM, Hsu W, Branch CL, Couture DE. A review of Big Data analytics and potential for implementation in the delivery of global neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18278. PMID: 30269593.

557: Branch CL, Boop F, Haglund MM, Dempsey RJ. Introduction. Neurosurgical opportunities in global health inequities. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18367. PMID: 30269592.

558: Shah AH, Barthélemy E, Lafortune Y, Gernsback J, Henry A, Green B, Ragheb J. Bridging the gap: creating a self-sustaining neurosurgical residency program in Haiti. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18279. PMID: 30269591.

559: Helal AE, Abouzahra H, Fayed AA, Rayan T, Abbassy M. Socioeconomic restraints and brain tumor surgery in low-income countries. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18258. PMID: 30269590.

560: Dempsey RJ. Editorial. Global neurosurgery: the role of the individual neurosurgeon, the Foundation for International Education in Neurological Surgery, and “service through education” to address worldwide need. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E19. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18363. PMID: 30269589.

561: Carr C, Kahn L, Mathkour M, Biro E, Bui CJ, Dumont AS. The shifting burden of neurosurgical disease: Vietnam and the middle-income nations. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18297. PMID: 30269588.

562: Estevez-Ordonez D, Davis MC, Hopson B; MSHA, Arynchyna A, Rocque BG, Fieggen G, Rosseau G, Oakley G; MSPM, Blount JP. Reducing inequities in preventable neural tube defects: the critical and underutilized role of neurosurgical advocacy for folate fortification. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E20. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18231. PMID: 30269587.

563: Kitya D, Punchak M, Abdelgadir J, Obiga O, Harborne D, Haglund MM. Causes, clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of chronic subdural hematoma at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18253. PMID: 30269586.

564: Boop FA. Editorial. Pediatric neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18364. PMID: 30269585.

565: Leidinger A, Extremera P, Kim EE, Qureshi MM, Young PH, Piquer J. The challenges and opportunities of global neurosurgery in East Africa: the Neurosurgery Education and Development model. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18287. PMID: 30269584.

566: Rocque BG, Davis MC, McClugage SG, Tuan DA, King DT, Huong NT, Thi Bich Van N, Kankirawatana P, Vu Hung C, Nam Thang L, Johnston JM, Duc Lien N. Surgical treatment of epilepsy in Vietnam: program development and international collaboration. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18254. PMID: 30269583.

567: Nicolosi F, Rossini Z, Zaed I, Kolias AG, Fornari M, Servadei F. Neurosurgical digital teaching in low-middle income countries: beyond the frontiers of traditional education. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18288. PMID: 30269582.

568: Quinsey C, Eaton J, Northam W, Gilleskie M, Charles A, Hadar E. Challenges and opportunities for effective data collection in global neurosurgery: traumatic brain injury surveillance experience in Malawi. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18281. PMID: 30269581.

569: Abdelgadir J, Elahi C, Corley J, Wall KC, Najjuma JN, Muhindo A, Nickenig Vissoci JR, Haglund MM, Kitya D. Trends in neurosurgical care in Western Uganda: an interrupted time series analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18270. PMID: 30269580.

570: Dewan MC, Baticulon RE, Rattani A, Johnston JM, Warf BC, Harkness W. Pediatric neurosurgical workforce, access to care, equipment and training needs worldwide. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18272. PMID: 30269579.

571: Rosseau G, Johnson WD, Park KB, Arráez Sánchez M, Servadei F, Vaughan KA. Global neurosurgery: current and potential impact of neurosurgeons at the World Health Organization and the World Health Assembly. Executive summary of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies-World Health Organization Liaison Committee at the 71st World Health Assembly. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E18. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18295. PMID: 30269578.

572: Xu LW, Vaca SD, He JQ, Nalwanga J, Muhumuza C, Kiryabwire J, Ssenyonjo H, Mukasa J, Muhumuza M, Grant G. Neural tube defects in Uganda: follow-up outcomes from a national referral hospital. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18280. PMID: 30269577.

573: Almeida JP, Velásquez C, Karekezi C, Marigil M, Hodaie M, Rutka JT, Bernstein M. Global neurosurgery: models for international surgical education and collaboration at one university. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18291. PMID: 30269576.

574: Sayyahmelli S, Aydin I, Wheeler B, Baskaya MK. Mapping of the internal capsule with subcortical stimulation for gross-total resection of a thalamic metastatic tumor. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(VideoSuppl2):V7. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FocusVid.18267. PMID: 30269558.

575: Pamias-Portalatin E, Duran IS, Ebot J, Bojaxhi E, Tatum W, Quiñones- Hinojosa A. Awake-craniotomy for cavernoma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(VideoSuppl2):V3. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FocusVid.18201. PMID: 30269557.

576: Velásquez C, Goméz E, Martino J. Mapping visuospatial and self-motion perception functions in the left parietal lobe. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(VideoSuppl2):V8. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FocusVid.18286. PMID: 30269556.

577: Leal RTM, Landeiro JA. Awake craniotomy for right inferior lobule glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(VideoSuppl2):V5. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FocusVid.18275. PMID: 30269555.

578: Albuquerque LAF, Pessoa FC, Diógenes GS, Borges FS, Araújo Filho SC. Awake craniotomy for a cavernous angioma in the Broca's area. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(VideoSuppl2):V4. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FocusVid.18240. PMID: 30269554.

579: Picart T, Duffau H. Awake resection of a left operculo-insular low-grade glioma guided by cortico-subcortical mapping. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(VideoSuppl2):V1. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FocusVid.17757. PMID: 30269553.

580: Mooney MA, Sanai N. Contralateral interhemispheric, transfalcine approach with asleep motor mapping for parasagittal lesions near the medial precentral gyrus. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(VideoSuppl2):V6. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FocusVid.18292. PMID: 30269552.

581: Ille S, Gempt J, Meyer B, Krieg SM. nTMS guidance of awake surgery for highly eloquent gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(VideoSuppl2):V9. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FocusVid.1873. PMID: 30269551.

582: Yu Z, Hameed NUF, Zhang N, Wu B, Zhang J, Lu J, Qiu T, Zhuang D, Chen H, Wu J. Intraoperative awake brain mapping and multimodal image-guided resection of dominant side insular glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(VideoSuppl2):V2. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FocusVid.18259. PMID: 30269550.

583: Byrne RW, Sanai N, Landeiro JA, Duffau H. Introduction: Advances in intraoperative brain mapping. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Oct;45(VideoSuppl2):Intro. doi: 10.3171/2018.10.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 30269549.

584: Akeret K, Bellut D, Huppertz HJ, Ramantani G, König K, Serra C, Regli L, Krayenbühl N. Ultrasonographic features of focal cortical dysplasia and their relevance for epilepsy surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.6.FOCUS18221. PMID: 30173618.

585: Almeida JP, Gentili F. Letter to the Editor. Grading scale for tuberculum sellae meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18184. PMID: 30173617.

586: Kiehna EN, Bollo RJ. Editorial. When in doubt, should we still cut it out? Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18348. PMID: 30173616.

587: Davidson B, Elkaim LM, Lipsman N, Ibrahim GM. Editorial. An ethical framework for deep brain stimulation in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18219. PMID: 30173615.

588: Kendall MC, Castro Alves LJ. Letter to the Editor. Intraoperative analgesic regimens and surgical duration after spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS18116. PMID: 30173614.

589: Pindrik J, Hoang N, Smith L, Halverson M, Wojnaroski M, McNally K, Gedela S, Ostendorf AP. Preoperative evaluation and surgical management of infants and toddlers with drug-resistant epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18220. PMID: 30173613.

590: Kiehna EN, McClung-Smith CF, Bollo RJ. Introduction. Pediatric epilepsy and functional disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FOCUS18342. PMID: 30173612.

591: McClung-Smith C. Editorial. Utility of intraoperative ultrasound for the resection of focal cortical dysplasia. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.6.FOCUS18329. PMID: 30173611.

592: Cobourn K, Fayed I, Keating RF, Oluigbo CO. Early outcomes of stereoelectroencephalography followed by MR-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy: a paradigm for minimally invasive epilepsy surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.6.FOCUS18209. PMID: 30173610.

593: Abel TJ, Losito E, Ibrahim GM, Asano E, Rutka JT. Multimodal localization and surgery for epileptic spasms of focal origin: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.6.FOCUS18217. PMID: 30173609.

594: Tovar-Spinoza Z, Ziechmann R, Zyck S. Single and staged laser interstitial thermal therapy ablation for cortical tubers causing refractory epilepsy in pediatric patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.6.FOCUS18228. PMID: 30173608.

595: Ho AL, Feng AY, Kim LH, Pendharkar AV, Sussman ES, Halpern CH, Grant GA. Stereoelectroencephalography in children: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.6.FOCUS18226. PMID: 30173607.

596: Hachem LD, Wong SM, Ibrahim GM. The vagus afferent network: emerging role in translational connectomics. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Sep;45(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.6.FOCUS18216. PMID: 30173606.

597: Oterdoom DLM, van Dijk G, Verhagen MHP, Jiawan VCR, Drost G, Emous M, van Beek AP, van Dijk JMC. Therapeutic potential of deep brain stimulation of the nucleus accumbens in morbid obesity. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18148. PMID: 30064329.

598: Grewal SS, Middlebrooks EH, Kaufmann TJ, Stead M, Lundstrom BN, Worrell GA, Lin C, Baydin S, Van Gompel JJ. Fast gray matter acquisition T1 inversion recovery MRI to delineate the mammillothalamic tract for preoperative direct targeting of the anterior nucleus of the thalamus for deep brain stimulation in epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18147. PMID: 30064328.

599: Cabrera LY, Boyce HMK, McKenzie R, Bluhm R. Conflicts of interest and industry professional relationships in psychiatric neurosurgery: a comparative literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E20. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS17399. PMID: 30064327.

600: Klinger N, Mittal S. Deep brain stimulation for seizure control in drug- resistant epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS1872. PMID: 30064326.

601: Ben-Haim S, Mirzadeh Z, Rosenberg WS. Deep brain stimulation for intractable neuropathic facial pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18160. PMID: 30064325.

602: Zhou JJ, Chen T, Farber SH, Shetter AG, Ponce FA. Open-loop deep brain stimulation for the treatment of epilepsy: a systematic review of clinical outcomes over the past decade (2008-present). Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18161. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E13. PMID: 30064324.

603: Xu DS, Ponce FA. Deep brain stimulation for dementias. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18172. PMID: 30064323.

604: Middlebrooks EH, Grewal SS, Stead M, Lundstrom BN, Worrell GA, Van Gompel JJ. Differences in functional connectivity profiles as a predictor of response to anterior thalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation for epilepsy: a hypothesis for the mechanism of action and a potential biomarker for outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18151. PMID: 30064322.

605: Kuo CH, White-Dzuro GA, Ko AL. Approaches to closed-loop deep brain stimulation for movement disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18173. PMID: 30064321.

606: Wang TR, Moosa S, Dallapiazza RF, Elias WJ, Lynch WJ. Deep brain stimulation for the treatment of drug addiction. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18163. PMID: 30064320; PMCID: PMC6329833.

607: Wathen CA, Frizon LA, Maiti TK, Baker KB, Machado AG. Deep brain stimulation of the cerebellum for poststroke motor rehabilitation: from laboratory to clinical trial. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18164. PMID: 30064319.

608: Dengler BA, Hawksworth SA, Berardo L, McDougall I, Papanastassiou AM. Bilateral amygdala stimulation reduces avoidance behavior in a predator scent posttraumatic stress disorder model. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18166. PMID: 30064318.

609: Piña-Fuentes D, Beudel M, Little S, van Zijl J, Elting JW, Oterdoom DLM, van Egmond ME, van Dijk JMC, Tijssen MAJ. Toward adaptive deep brain stimulation for dystonia. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18155. PMID: 30064317.

610: Hilliard JD, Foote KD. Editorial. Deep brain stimulation for refractory posttraumatic stress disorder. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E17. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18266. PMID: 30064316.

611: Kundu B, Brock AA, Englot DJ, Butson CR, Rolston JD. Deep brain stimulation for the treatment of disorders of consciousness and cognition in traumatic brain injury patients: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18168. PMID: 30064315; PMCID: PMC6193266.

612: Ho AL, Salib AN, Pendharkar AV, Sussman ES, Giardino WJ, Halpern CH. The nucleus accumbens and alcoholism: a target for deep brain stimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18157. PMID: 30064314.

613: Ponce FA, Foote KD, Lozano AM. Introduction. Deep brain stimulation in 2018. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18248. PMID: 30064313.

614: Xu F, Jin H, Yang X, Sun X, Wang Y, Xu M, Tao Y. Improved accuracy using a modified registration method of ROSA in deep brain stimulation surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E18. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS1815. PMID: 30064312.

615: Whiting AC, Oh MY, Whiting DM. Deep brain stimulation for appetite disorders: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18141. PMID: 30064311.

616: Rajah G, Saber H, Singh R, Rangel-Castilla L. Endovascular delivery of leads and stentrodes and their applications to deep brain stimulation and neuromodulation: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Aug;45(2):E19. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18130. PMID: 30064310.

617: Krieg SM, Meyer B. First experience with the jump-starting robotic assistance device Cirq. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(VideoSuppl1):V3. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FocusVid.18108. PMID: 29963918.

618: Lefranc M, Deroussen FF, Gouron R. Minimally invasive, robot-assisted iliosacral screw insertion for fusionless fixation in children with neuromuscular scoliosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(VideoSuppl1):V2. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FocusVid.1899. PMID: 29963917.

619: Theodore N, Arnold PM, Mehta AI. Introduction: the rise of the robots in spinal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(VideoSuppl1):Intro. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 29963916.

620: Booher G, Vardiman A. Navigated robotic assisted thoracic pedicle screw placement for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(VideoSuppl1):V5. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FocusVid.18121. PMID: 29963915.

621: Snyder LA. Integrating robotics into a minimally invasive transforaminal interbody fusion workflow. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(VideoSuppl1):V4. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FocusVid.18111. PMID: 29963914.

622: Jun C, Sukumaran M, Wolinsky JP. Robot-assisted resection of pre-sacral schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(VideoSuppl1):V1. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FocusVid.1892. PMID: 29963913.

623: Zygourakis CC, Ahmed AK, Kalb S, Zhu AM, Bydon A, Crawford NR, Theodore N. Technique: open lumbar decompression and fusion with the Excelsius GPS robot. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(VideoSuppl1):V6. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.FocusVid.18123. PMID: 29963912.

624: Gallay M, Jeanmonod D. Letter to the Editor. Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound and essential tremor. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1885. PMID: 29961391.

625: Schreglmann SR, Bhatia KP, Hägele-Link S, Werner B, Martin E, Kägi G. Letter to the Editor. Errors in the meta-analysis of outcomes and complications of MRgFUS. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E15. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1898. PMID: 29961390.

626: Morcos JJ, Munich SA. Editorial. The use of ICG videoangiography and FLOW 800 analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18207. PMID: 29961389.

627: Roethlisberger M, Gut L, Zumofen DW, Fisch U, Boss O, Maldaner N, Croci DM, Taub E, Corti N, Burkhardt JK, Guzman R, Bozinov O, Mariani L. Cerebral venous thrombosis requiring invasive treatment for elevated intracranial pressure in women with combined hormonal contraceptive intake: risk factors, anatomical distribution, and clinical presentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS1891. PMID: 29961388.

628: Sotomayor-González A. Retraction. A look at Mayan artificial cranial deformation practices: morphological and cultural aspects. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E17. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS10200r. PMID: 29961387.

629: Cappuzzo JM, Hess RM, Morrison JF, Davies JM, Snyder KV, Levy EI, Siddiqui AH. Transverse venous stenting for the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension, or pseudotumor cerebri. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18102. PMID: 29961386.

630: Manjila S, Bazil T, Kay M, Udayasankar UK, Semaan M. Jugular bulb and skull base pathologies: proposal for a novel classification system for jugular bulb positions and microsurgical implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18106. PMID: 29961385.

631: Manjila S, Bazil T, Thomas M, Mani S, Kay M, Udayasankar U. A review of extraaxial developmental venous anomalies of the brain involving dural venous flow or sinuses: persistent embryonic sinuses, sinus pericranii, venous varices or aneurysmal malformations, and enlarged emissary veins. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18107. PMID: 29961384.

632: Chen CJ, Norat P, Ding D, Mendes GAC, Tvrdik P, Park MS, Kalani MY. Transvenous embolization of brain arteriovenous malformations: a review of techniques, indications, and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS18113. PMID: 29961383.

633: Morcos JJ, Munich SA, Mathiesen T, Sindou MP, Dolenc VV. Introduction. Surgery involving the venous system and complication avoidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS18229. PMID: 29961382.

634: López-Serna R. Retraction. Knowledge of skull base anatomy and surgical implications of human sacrifice among pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E18. doi: 10.3171/2018.5.FOCUS12120r. PMID: 29961381.

635: Acerbi F, Vetrano IG, Sattin T, Falco J, de Laurentis C, Zattra CM, Bosio L, Rossini Z, Broggi M, Schiariti M, Ferroli P. Use of ICG videoangiography and FLOW 800 analysis to identify the patient-specific venous circulation and predict the effect of venous sacrifice: a retrospective study of 172 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18120. PMID: 29961380.

636: Giridharan N, Patel SK, Ojugbeli A, Nouri A, Shirani P, Grossman AW, Cheng J, Zuccarello M, Prestigiacomo CJ. Understanding the complex pathophysiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension and the evolving role of venous sinus stenting: a comprehensive review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18100. PMID: 29961379.

637: Toda H, Iwasaki K, Yoshimoto N, Miki Y, Hashikata H, Goto M, Nishida N. Bridging veins and veins of the brainstem in microvascular decompression surgery for trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18122. PMID: 29961378.

638: Narayan V, Savardekar AR, Patra DP, Mohammed N, Thakur JD, Riaz M, Nanda A. Safety profile of superior petrosal vein (the vein of Dandy) sacrifice in neurosurgical procedures: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18133. PMID: 29961377.

639: Prada F, Del Bene M, Mauri G, Lamperti M, Vailati D, Richetta C, Saini M, Santuari D, Kalani MYS, DiMeco F. Dynamic assessment of venous anatomy and function in neurosurgery with real-time intraoperative multimodal ultrasound: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18101. PMID: 29961376.

640: Abou-Al-Shaar H, Gozal YM, Alzhrani G, Karsy M, Shelton C, Couldwell WT. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis after vestibular schwannoma surgery: a call for evidence-based management guidelines. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18112. PMID: 29961375.

641: Butenschön VM, Ille S, Sollmann N, Meyer B, Krieg SM. Cost-effectiveness of preoperative motor mapping with navigated transcranial magnetic brain stimulation in patients with high-grade glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E18. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1830. PMID: 29852777.

642: Chandra A, Rick JW, Dalle Ore C, Lau D, Nguyen AT, Carrera D, Bonte A, Molinaro AM, Theodosopoulos PV, McDermott MW, Berger MS, Aghi MK. Disparities in health care determine prognosis in newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1852. PMID: 29852776; PMCID: PMC6105315.

643: Marigil M, Bernstein M. Outpatient neurosurgery in neuro-oncology. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E19. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1831. PMID: 29852775.

644: Karsy M, Azab MA, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Guan J, Eli I, Jensen RL, Ormond DR. Clinical potential of meningioma genomic insights: a practical review for neurosurgeons. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS1849. PMID: 29852774.

645: Choi BD, Curry WT, Carter BS, Maus MV. Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell immunotherapy for glioblastoma: practical insights for neurosurgeons. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS17788. PMID: 29852773.

646: Barrett TF, Gill CM, Miles BA, Iloreta AMC, Bakst RL, Fowkes M, Brastianos PK, Bederson JB, Shrivastava RK. Brain metastasis from squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a review of the literature in the genomic era. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS17761. PMID: 29852772.

647: Dayani F, Young JS, Bonte A, Chang EF, Theodosopoulos P, McDermott MW, Berger MS, Aghi MK. Safety and outcomes of resection of butterfly glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1857. PMID: 29852771.

648: Kiesel B, Millesi M, Woehrer A, Furtner J, Bavand A, Roetzer T, Mischkulnig M, Wolfsberger S, Preusser M, Knosp E, Widhalm G. 5-ALA-induced fluorescence as a marker for diagnostic tissue in stereotactic biopsies of intracranial lymphomas: experience in 41 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1859. PMID: 29852770.

649: Sollmann N, Kelm A, Ille S, Schröder A, Zimmer C, Ringel F, Meyer B, Krieg SM. Setup presentation and clinical outcome analysis of treating highly language-eloquent gliomas via preoperative navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation and tractography. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1838. PMID: 29852769.

650: Colman H. Editorial. Potential survival benefit of resection in butterfly glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS18152. PMID: 29852768.

651: Starnoni D, Berthiller J, Idriceanu TM, Meyronet D, d'Hombres A, Ducray F, Guyotat J. Returning to work after multimodal treatment in glioblastoma patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1819. PMID: 29852767.

652: Kohli KM, Loewenstern J, Kessler RA, Pain M, Palmese CA, Bederson J, Shrivastava RK. Antidepressant use in patients with meningioma: is there an association with tumor recurrence? Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS17797. PMID: 29852766.

653: Colman H, Westphal M, Sampson JH. Introduction. Update on adult neuro- oncology. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS18149. PMID: 29852765.

654: Oda K, Yamaguchi F, Enomoto H, Higuchi T, Morita A. Prediction of recovery from supplementary motor area syndrome after brain tumor surgery: preoperative diffusion tensor tractography analysis and postoperative neurological clinical course. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17564. PMID: 29852764.

655: Hori YS, Fukuhara T, Aoi M, Oda K, Shinno Y. Extracranial glioblastoma diagnosed by examination of pleural effusion using the cell block technique: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17403. PMID: 29852763.

656: Anderson E, Heller RS, Lechan RM, Heilman CB. Regression of a nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma on the CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS17660. PMID: 29852762.

657: Gupta S, Bi WL, Giantini Larsen A, Al-Abdulmohsen S, Abedalthagafi M, Dunn IF. Craniopharyngioma: a roadmap for scientific translation. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1861. PMID: 29852761.

658: Mohme M, Fritzsche FS, Mende KC, Matschke J, Löbel U, Kammler G, Westphal M, Emami P, Martens T. Tectal gliomas: assessment of malignant progression, clinical management, and quality of life in a supposedly benign neoplasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1850. PMID: 29852760.

659: Acerbi F, Vetrano IG, Sattin T, de Laurentis C, Bosio L, Rossini Z, Broggi M, Schiariti M, Ferroli P. The role of indocyanine green videoangiography with FLOW 800 analysis for the surgical management of central nervous system tumors: an update. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jun;44(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOCUS1862. PMID: 29852759.

660: Sharma M, Ugiliweneza B, Aljuboori Z, Boakye M. Health care utilization and overall costs based on opioid dependence in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS17764. PMID: 29712535.

661: Chan BCF, Craven BC, Furlan JC. A scoping review on health economics in neurosurgery for acute spine trauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS17778. PMID: 29712534.

662: Schmidt MH, Boop FA, Martin NA, Slotkin JR. Introduction. Neurosurgical economics and cost-effectiveness. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS1887. PMID: 29712533.

663: Thakar S, Rajagopal N, Mani S, Shyam M, Aryan S, Rao AS, Srinivasa R, Mohan D, Hegde AS. Comparison of telemedicine with in-person care for follow-up after elective neurosurgery: results of a cost-effectiveness analysis of 1200 patients using patient-perceived utility scores. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E17. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS17543. PMID: 29712532.

664: Timmons SD. Editorial. The challenges of estimating the cost of traumatic brain injury worldwide. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS1888. PMID: 29712531.

665: Snyder SR. Editorial. Telemedicine for elective neurosurgical routine follow-up care: a promising patient-centered and cost-effective alternative to in-person clinic visits. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E18. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS1889. PMID: 29712530.

666: Osorio JA, Safaee MM, Viner J, Sankaran S, Imershein S, Adigun E, Weigel G, Berger MS, McDermott MW. Cost-effectiveness development for the postoperative care of craniotomy patients: a safe transitions pathway in neurological surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E19. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS1812. PMID: 29712529.

667: Wali AR, Brandel MG, Santiago-Dieppa DR, Rennert RC, Steinberg JA, Hirshman BR, Murphy JD, Khalessi AA. Markov modeling for the neurosurgeon: a review of the literature and an introduction to cost-effectiveness research. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E20. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS17805. PMID: 29712528.

668: Pendharkar AV, Rezaii PG, Ho AL, Sussman ES, Purger DA, Veeravagu A, Ratliff JK, Desai AM. Propensity-matched comparison of outcomes and cost after macroscopic and microscopic lumbar discectomy using a national longitudinal database. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17791. PMID: 29712527.

669: You X, Liew BS, Rosman AK, Dcsn, Musa KI, Idris Z. The estimated cost of surgically managed isolated traumatic head injury secondary to road traffic accidents. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17796. PMID: 29712526.

670: Twitchell S, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Reese J, Karsy M, Eli IM, Guan J, Taussky P, Couldwell WT. Analysis of cerebrovascular aneurysm treatment cost: retrospective cohort comparison of clipping, coiling, and flow diversion. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17775. PMID: 29712525.

671: Yoon S, Mooney MA, Bohl MA, Sheehy JP, Nakaji P, Little AS, Lawton MT. Patient out-of-pocket spending in cranial neurosurgery: single-institution analysis of 6569 consecutive cases and literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17782. PMID: 29712524.

672: Vadera S, Chan AY, Mnatsankanyan L, Sazgar M, Sen-Gupta I, Lin J, Hsu FPK. Strategic hospital partnerships: improved access to care and increased epilepsy surgical volume. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17683. PMID: 29712523.

673: Abuelem T, Dornbos D 3rd, Arthur A. Editorial. Unruptured aneurysms in the elderly: handle with care. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS1871. PMID: 29712522.

674: Safaee MM, Dalle Ore CL, Zygourakis CC, Deviren V, Ames CP. The unreimbursed costs of preventing revision surgery in adult spinal deformity: analysis of cost-effectiveness of proximal junctional failure prevention with ligament augmentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17806. PMID: 29712521.

675: Pendharkar AV, Shahin MN, Ho AL, Sussman ES, Purger DA, Veeravagu A, Ratliff JK, Desai AM. Outpatient spine surgery: defining the outcomes, value, and barriers to implementation. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS17790. PMID: 29712520.

676: Ryu WHA, Yang MMH, Muram S, Jacobs WB, Casha S, Riva-Cambrin J. Systematic review of health economic studies in cranial neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.2.FOCUS17792. PMID: 29712519.

677: Silva NA, Shao B, Sylvester MJ, Eloy JA, Gandhi CD. Unruptured aneurysms in the elderly: perioperative outcomes and cost analysis of endovascular coiling and surgical clipping. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17714. PMID: 29712518.

678: Hubbard ZS, Law TY, Rosas S, Jernigan SC, Chim H. Economic benefit of carpal tunnel release in the Medicare patient population. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17802. PMID: 29712517; PMCID: PMC6391978.

679: Twitchell S, Karsy M, Reese J, Guan J, Couldwell WT, Dailey A, Bisson EF. Assessment of cost drivers and cost variation for lumbar interbody fusion procedures using the Value Driven Outcomes database. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 May;44(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17724. PMID: 29712516.

680: Eljamel MS. Erratum. Ablative neurosurgery for mental disorders: is there still a role in the 21st century? A personal perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS0814a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E4. PMID: 29606056.

681: McDermott MW, Ohata K, Benes V. Introduction. Skull base meningioma treatment strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS1843. PMID: 29606055.

682: Chicago, Illinois • April 5–6, 2018. Oral and Electronic Poster Presentations 2018 Lumbar Spine Research Society Annual Scientific Meeting. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):1-50. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FOC.LSRSabstracts. PMID: 29606054.

683: Bi WL, Prabhu VC, Dunn IF. High-grade meningiomas: biology and implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17756. PMID: 29606053.

684: Gupta S, Bi WL, Dunn IF. Medical management of meningioma in the era of precision medicine. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17754. PMID: 29606052.

685: Otani N, Mori K, Wada K, Tomiyama A, Toyooka T, Takeuchi S. Multistaged, multidirectional strategy for safe removal of large meningiomas in the pineal region. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17602. PMID: 29606051.

686: Liao CH, Wang JT, Lin CF, Chen SC, Lin CJ, Hsu SPC, Chen MH. Pretemporal trans-Meckel's cave transtentorial approach for large petroclival meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17733. PMID: 29606050.

687: Liu JK, Silva NA, Sevak IA, Eloy JA. Transbasal versus endoscopic endonasal versus combined approaches for olfactory groove meningiomas: importance of approach selection. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17722. PMID: 29606049.

688: Magill ST, Young JS, Chae R, Aghi MK, Theodosopoulos PV, McDermott MW. Relationship between tumor location, size, and WHO grade in meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17752. PMID: 29606048.

689: Kolakshyapati M, Ikawa F, Abiko M, Mitsuhara T, Kinoshita Y, Takeda M, Kurisu K; Alumni Association Group of the Department of Neurosurgery at Hiroshima University. Multivariate risk factor analysis and literature review of postoperative deterioration in Karnofsky Performance Scale score in elderly patients with skull base meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17730. PMID: 29606047.

690: Yoon N, Shah A, Couldwell WT, Kalani MYS, Park MS. Preoperative embolization of skull base meningiomas: current indications, techniques, and pearls for complication avoidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17686. PMID: 29606046.

691: Magill ST, Morshed RA, Lucas CG, Aghi MK, Theodosopoulos PV, Berger MS, de Divitiis O, Solari D, Cappabianca P, Cavallo LM, McDermott MW. Tuberculum sellae meningiomas: grading scale to assess surgical outcomes using the transcranial versus transsphenoidal approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17753. PMID: 29606045.

692: Brandel MG, Rennert RC, Wali AR, Santiago-Dieppa DR, Steinberg JA, Lopez Ramos C, Abraham P, Pannell JS, Khalessi AA. Impact of preoperative endovascular embolization on immediate meningioma resection outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17751. PMID: 29606044.

693: Bydon M, Slotkin JR. Erratum. Defining the minimum clinically important difference for grade I degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: insights from the Quality Outcomes Database. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17554a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E2. PMID: 29606043.

694: Champagne PO, Lemoine E, Bojanowski MW. Surgical management of giant sphenoid wing meningiomas encasing major cerebral arteries. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17718. PMID: 29606042.

695: Morisako H, Goto T, Ohata H, Goudihalli SR, Shirosaka K, Ohata K. Safe maximal resection of primary cavernous sinus meningiomas via a minimal anterior and posterior combined transpetrosal approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17703. PMID: 29606041.

696: Ottenhausen M, Rumalla K, Alalade AF, Nair P, La Corte E, Younus I, Forbes JA, Ben Nsir A, Banu MA, Tsiouris AJ, Schwartz TH. Decision-making algorithm for minimally invasive approaches to anterior skull base meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FOCUS17734. PMID: 29606040.

697: Moussazadeh N, Evans LT, Grasu R, Rhines LD, Tatsui CE. Laser interstitial thermal therapy of the spine: technical aspects. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(VideoSuppl2):V3. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FocusVid.17732. PMID: 29570390.

698: Karsy M, Patel DM, Halvorson K, Mortimer V, Bollo RJ. Anterior two-thirds corpus callosotomy via stereotactic laser ablation. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(VideoSuppl2):V2. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FocusVid.17721. PMID: 29570389.

699: Shah AH, Richardson AM, Burks JD, Komotar RJ. Contemporaneous biopsy and laser interstitial thermal therapy for two treatment-refractory brain metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(VideoSuppl2):V5. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FocusVid.17740. PMID: 29570388.

700: Barnett GH, Sloan AE, Tatsui CE. Introduction to Laser Ablation Video Supplement. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(VideoSuppl2):Intro. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 29570387.

701: Sharma M, Krivosheya D, Borghei-Razavi H, Barnett GH, Mohammadi AM. Laser interstitial thermal therapy for an eloquent region supratentorial brain lesion. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(VideoSuppl2):V4. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FocusVid.17737. PMID: 29570386.

702: Awad AJ, Nguyen HS, Arocho-Quinones E, Doan N, Mueller W, Lew SM. Stereotactic laser ablation of amygdala and hippocampus using a Leksell stereotactic frame. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(VideoSuppl2):V1. doi: 10.3171/2018.4.FocusVid.17712. PMID: 29570385.

703: Orlando, Florida • March 14–17, 2018. Abstracts of the 2018 AANS/CNS Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):A1-A109. doi: 10.3171/2018.3.FOC-ASPNabstracts. PMID: 29517273.

704: Eser Ocak P, Dogan I, Ocak U, Dinc C, Başkaya MK. Facial nerve outcome and extent of resection in cystic versus solid vestibular schwannomas in radiosurgery era. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17667. PMID: 29490554.

705: Starnoni D, Daniel RT, Tuleasca C, George M, Levivier M, Messerer M. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the technique of subtotal resection and stereotactic radiosurgery for large vestibular schwannomas: a “nerve-centered” approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17669. PMID: 29490553.

706: Lucke-Wold B, Brown EC, Cetas JS, Dogan A, Gupta S, Hullar TE, Smith TL, Ciporen JN. Minimally invasive endoscopic repair of refractory lateral skull base cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17664. PMID: 29490552.

707: Link MJ, Kondziolka D, Samii M. Introduction. Update on the treatment of acoustic tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17785. PMID: 29490551.

708: Master AN, Roberts DS, Wilkinson EP, Slattery WH, Lekovic GP. Endoscope- assisted middle fossa craniotomy for resection of inferior vestibular nerve schwannoma extending lateral to transverse crest. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17663. PMID: 29490550.

709: Ye Z, Ai X, You C. Letter to the Editor. Complications from the use of flow-diverting devices. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17694. PMID: 29490549.

710: Dos Santos Neto PH, Zamponi JO, Hamerschmidt R, Wiemes GRM, Rassi MS, Borba LAB. Simultaneous cochlear implantation as a therapeutic option in vestibular schwannoma surgery: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17670. PMID: 29490548.

711: Savardekar AR, Patra DP, Thakur JD, Narayan V, Mohammed N, Bollam P, Nanda A. Preoperative diffusion tensor imaging-fiber tracking for facial nerve identification in vestibular schwannoma: a systematic review on its evolution and current status with a pooled data analysis of surgical concordance rates. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17672. PMID: 29490547.

712: Hoshide R, Faulkner H, Teo M, Teo C. Keyhole retrosigmoid approach for large vestibular schwannomas: strategies to improve outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17607. PMID: 29490546.

713: Schwartz MS, Lekovic GP. Use of a flexible hollow-core carbon dioxide laser for microsurgical resection of vestibular schwannomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Mar;44(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS17592. PMID: 29490545.

714: Jung NY, Park CK, Chang WS, Jung HH, Chang JW. Effects on cognition and quality of life with unilateral magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound thalamotomy for essential tremor. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17625. PMID: 29385928.

715: Iacopino DG, Gagliardo C, Giugno A, Giammalva GR, Napoli A, Maugeri R, Graziano F, Valentino F, Cosentino G, D'Amelio M, Bartolotta TV, Catalano C, Fierro B, Midiri M, Lagalla R. Preliminary experience with a transcranial magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery system integrated with a 1.5-T MRI unit in a series of patients with essential tremor and Parkinson's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17614. PMID: 29385927.

716: MacDonell J, Patel N, Rubino S, Ghoshal G, Fischer G, Burdette EC, Hwang R, Pilitsis JG. Magnetic resonance-guided interstitial high-intensity focused ultrasound for brain tumor ablation. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17613. PMID: 29385926; PMCID: PMC5907801.

717: Bond AE, Elias WJ. Predicting lesion size during focused ultrasound thalamotomy: a review of 63 lesions over 3 clinical trials. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17623. PMID: 29385925.

718: Kubanek J. Neuromodulation with transcranial focused ultrasound. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17621. PMID: 29385924; PMCID: PMC5927579.

719: Quadri SA, Waqas M, Khan I, Khan MA, Suriya SS, Farooqui M, Fiani B. High- intensity focused ultrasound: past, present, and future in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17610. PMID: 29385923.

720: Lamsam L, Johnson E, Connolly ID, Wintermark M, Hayden Gephart M. A review of potential applications of MR-guided focused ultrasound for targeting brain tumor therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17620. PMID: 29385922.

721: Harary M, Essayed WI, Valdes PA, McDannold N, Cosgrove GR. Volumetric analysis of magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound thalamotomy lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17587. PMID: 29385921.

722: Ghoshal G, Gee L, Heffter T, Williams E, Bromfield C, Rund L, Ehrhardt JM, Diederich CJ, Fischer GS, Pilitsis JG, Burdette EC. A minimally invasive catheter-based ultrasound technology for therapeutic interventions in brain: initial preclinical studies. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17631. PMID: 29385920; PMCID: PMC5891098.

723: Harary M, Segar DJ, Huang KT, Tafel IJ, Valdes PA, Cosgrove GR. Focused ultrasound in neurosurgery: a historical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17586. PMID: 29385919.

724: Ilyas A, Chen CJ, Ding D, Romeo A, Buell TJ, Wang TR, Kalani MYS, Park MS. Magnetic resonance-guided, high-intensity focused ultrasound sonolysis: potential applications for stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17608. PMID: 29385918.

725: Mohammed N, Patra D, Nanda A. A meta-analysis of outcomes and complications of magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound in the treatment of essential tremor. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17628. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul 1;45(1):E16. PMID: 29385917.

726: Lipsman N, Elias WJ, Gwinn RP, Pilitsis JG. Introduction. Focused ultrasound. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17705. PMID: 29385916.

727: Shin J, Kong C, Cho JS, Lee J, Koh CS, Yoon MS, Na YC, Chang WS, Chang JW. Focused ultrasound-mediated noninvasive blood-brain barrier modulation: preclinical examination of efficacy and safety in various sonication parameters. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17627. PMID: 29385915.

728: Wang TR, Bond AE, Dallapiazza RF, Blanke A, Tilden D, Huerta TE, Moosa S, Prada FU, Elias WJ. Transcranial magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound thalamotomy for tremor: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17609. PMID: 29385914.

729: Kassam AB. Erratum. Initial experience with a robotically operated video optical telescopic-microscope in cranial neurosurgery: feasibility, safety, and clinical applications. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E17. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FOCUS1712a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E9. PMID: 29385913.

730: Meng Y, Lipsman N. Editorial. Tremor, thalamotomy, and cognition. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17682. PMID: 29385912.

731: Haldeman C, Hanna A. Neurofibroma of the peroneal nerve. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):V2. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FocusVid.17546. PMID: 29291298.

732: Abou-Al-Shaar H, Yoon N, Mahan MA. Surgical repair of sciatic nerve traumatic rupture: technical considerations and approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):V3. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FocusVid.17568. PMID: 29291297.

733: Abou-Al-Shaar H, Karsy M, Ravindra V, Joyce E, Mahan MA. Acute repair of traumatic pan-brachial plexus injury: technical considerations and approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):V4. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FocusVid.17569. PMID: 29291296.

734: Vanaclocha V, Herrera JM, Rivera-Paz M, Martínez-Gómez D, Vanaclocha L. Radial to axillary nerve transfer. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):V1. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FocusVid.17404. PMID: 29291295.

735: Al-Mefty O. Erratum: Combined petrosal approach for petroclival meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):A9. doi: 10.3171/2017.12.FocusVid.17343a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V6. Erratum for: J Med Econ. 2018 Mar;21(3):282-287. PMID: 29291294.

736: Spinner RJ, Gilmer HS, Trost GR. Introduction: the value of peripheral nerve surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):Intro. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 29291293.

737: Corriveau M, Lescher JD, Hanna AS. Peroneal nerve decompression. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):V6. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FocusVid.17575. PMID: 29291292.

738: Stone JJ, Kaszuba MC, Spinner RJ. Targeted fascicular biopsy in a patient with prostate cancer. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):V7. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FocusVid.17580. PMID: 29291291.

739: Paullus P, Wilson TA, Lee P, Gunasekaran A, Kazemi N. Minimally invasive approach to resection of paraspinal schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):V5. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.FocusVid.17572. PMID: 29291290.

740: Spoor JKH, Dallenga AHG, Gadjradj PS, de Klerk L, van Biezen FC, Bijvoet HWC, Harhangi BS. A novel noninstrumented surgical approach for foramen reconstruction for isthmic spondylolisthesis in patients with radiculopathy: preliminary clinical and radiographic outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17571. PMID: 29290136.

741: O'Connell C, Azad TD, Mittal V, Vail D, Johnson E, Desai A, Sun E, Ratliff JK, Veeravagu A. Preoperative depression, lumbar fusion, and opioid use: an assessment of postoperative prescription, quality, and economic outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17563. PMID: 29290135.

742: Xu DS, Bach K, Uribe JS. Minimally invasive anterior and lateral transpsoas approaches for closed reduction of grade II spondylolisthesis: initial clinical and radiographic experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17574. PMID: 29290134.

743: Massie LW, Zakaria HM, Schultz LR, Basheer A, Buraimoh MA, Chang V. Assessment of radiographic and clinical outcomes of an articulating expandable interbody cage in minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17562. PMID: 29290133.

744: Asher AL, Kerezoudis P, Mummaneni PV, Bisson EF, Glassman SD, Foley KT, Slotkin JR, Potts EA, Shaffrey ME, Shaffrey CI, Coric D, Knightly JJ, Park P, Fu KM, Devin CJ, Archer KR, Chotai S, Chan AK, Virk MS, Bydon M. Defining the minimum clinically important difference for grade I degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: insights from the Quality Outcomes Database. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17554. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E15. PMID: 29290132.

745: Mohammed N, Patra DP, Narayan V, Savardekar AR, Dossani RH, Bollam P, Bir S, Nanda A. A comparison of the techniques of direct pars interarticularis repairs for spondylolysis and low-grade spondylolisthesis: a meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.11.FOCUS17581. PMID: 29290131.

746: Chan AK, Bisson EF, Bydon M, Glassman SD, Foley KT, Potts EA, Shaffrey CI, Shaffrey ME, Coric D, Knightly JJ, Park P, Fu KM, Slotkin JR, Asher AL, Virk MS, Kerezoudis P, Chotai S, DiGiorgio AM, Chan AY, Haid RW, Mummaneni PV. Women fare best following surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: a comparison of the most and least satisfied patients utilizing data from the Quality Outcomes Database. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17553. PMID: 29290130.

747: Heary RF, Anderson PA, Arnold PM. Introduction. Spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17652. PMID: 29290129.

748: Campbell PG, Nunley PD, Cavanaugh D, Kerr E, Utter PA, Frank K, Stone M. Short-term outcomes of lateral lumbar interbody fusion without decompression for the treatment of symptomatic degenerative spondylolisthesis at L4-5. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17566. PMID: 29290128.

749: Delgado-Fernández J, Pulido P, García-Pallero MÁ, Blasco G, Frade-Porto N, Sola RG. Image guidance in transdiscal fixation for high-grade spondylolisthesis in adults with correct spinal balance. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17557. PMID: 29290127.

750: Lau D, Chan AK, Deverin V, Ames CP. Does prior spine surgery or instrumentation affect surgical outcomes following 3-column osteotomy for correction of thoracolumbar deformities? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17460. PMID: 29191104.

751: Yilgor C, Sogunmez N, Yavuz Y, Abul K, Boissiére L, Haddad S, Obeid I, Kleinstück F, Sánchez Pérez-Grueso FJ, Acaroğlu E, Mannion AF, Pellise F, Alanay A; European Spine Study Group. Relative lumbar lordosis and lordosis distribution index: individualized pelvic incidence-based proportional parameters that quantify lumbar lordosis more precisely than the concept of pelvic incidence minus lumbar lordosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17498. PMID: 29191103.

752: Nunley PD, Mundis GM Jr, Fessler RG, Park P, Zavatsky JM, Uribe JS, Eastlack RK, Chou D, Wang MY, Anand N, Frank KA, Stone MB, Kanter AS, Shaffrey CI, Mummaneni PV; International Spine Study Group. Impact of case type, length of stay, institution type, and comorbidities on Medicare diagnosis-related group reimbursement for adult spinal deformity surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17278. PMID: 29191102.

753: Poorman GW, Passias PG, Horn SR, Frangella NJ, Daniels AH, Hamilton DK, Kim H, Sciubba D, Diebo BG, Bortz CA, Segreto FA, Kelly MP, Smith JS, Neuman BJ, Shaffrey CI, LaFage V, LaFage R, Ames CP, Hart R, Mundis GM Jr, Eastlack R; International Spine Study Group. Despite worse baseline status depressed patients achieved outcomes similar to those in nondepressed patients after surgery for cervical deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17486. PMID: 29191101.

754: Hosseini P, Mundis GM Jr, Eastlack RK, Bagheri R, Vargas E, Tran S, Akbarnia BA. Preliminary results of anterior lumbar interbody fusion, anterior column realignment for the treatment of sagittal malalignment. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17423. PMID: 29191100.

755: Miller EK, Neuman BJ, Jain A, Daniels AH, Ailon T, Sciubba DM, Kebaish KM, Lafage V, Scheer JK, Smith JS, Bess S, Shaffrey CI, Ames CP; International Spine Study Group. An assessment of frailty as a tool for risk stratification in adult spinal deformity surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FOCUS17472. PMID: 29191099.

756: Than KD, Mummaneni PV, Bridges KJ, Tran S, Park P, Chou D, La Marca F, Uribe JS, Vogel TD, Nunley PD, Eastlack RK, Anand N, Okonkwo DO, Kanter AS, Mundis GM Jr. Complication rates associated with open versus percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation among patients undergoing minimally invasive interbody fusion for adult spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17479. PMID: 29191098.

757: Shaffrey CI, Smith JS, Ames CP, Yagi M, Alanay A, Ha Y. Introduction. Adult spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.9.FOCUS17599. PMID: 29191097.

758: Kohan EM, Nemani VM, Hershman S, Kang DG, Kelly MP. Lumbar computed tomography scans are not appropriate surrogates for bone mineral density scans in primary adult spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.9.FOCUS17476. PMID: 29191096.

759: Bumpass DB, Lenke LG, Gum JL, Shaffrey CI, Smith JS, Ames CP, Bess S, Neuman BJ, Klineberg E, Mundis GM Jr, Schwab F, Lafage V, Kim HJ, Burton DC, Kebaish KM, Hostin R, Lafage R, Kelly MP; International Spine Study Group. Male sex may not be associated with worse outcomes in primary all-posterior adult spinal deformity surgery: a multicenter analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.9.FOCUS17475. PMID: 29191095.

760: Oh T, Scheer JK, Smith JS, Hostin R, Robinson C, Gum JL, Schwab F, Hart RA, Lafage V, Burton DC, Bess S, Protopsaltis T, Klineberg EO, Shaffrey CI, Ames CP; International Spine Study Group. Potential of predictive computer models for preoperative patient selection to enhance overall quality-adjusted life years gained at 2-year follow-up: a simulation in 234 patients with adult spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec;43(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.9.FOCUS17494. PMID: 29191094.

761: Tavakoli S, Peitz G, Ares W, Hafeez S, Grandhi R. Complications of invasive intracranial pressure monitoring devices in neurocritical care. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17450. PMID: 29088962.

762: Mohammed N, Savardekar AR, Patra DP, Narayan V, Nanda A. The 21st-century challenge to neurocritical care: the rise of the superbug Acinetobacter baumannii. A meta-analysis of the role of intrathecal or intraventricular antimicrobial therapy in reduction of mortality. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17443. PMID: 29088961.

763: Won SY, Dubinski D, Bruder M, Cattani A, Seifert V, Konczalla J. Acute subdural hematoma in patients on oral anticoagulant therapy: management and outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17421. PMID: 29088960.

764: Al-Mufti F, Amuluru K, Changa A, Lander M, Patel N, Wajswol E, Al-Marsoummi S, Alzubaidi B, Singh IP, Nuoman R, Gandhi C. Traumatic brain injury and intracranial hemorrhage-induced cerebral vasospasm: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17431. PMID: 29088959.

765: Chandra V, Rock AK, Opalak C, Stary JM, Sima AP, Carr M, Vega RA, Broaddus WC. A systematic review of perioperative seizure prophylaxis during brain tumor resection: the case for a multicenter randomized clinical trial. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E18. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17442. PMID: 29088958.

766: Hawryluk GWJ, Ball PA, Hickman ZL, Medow JE. Introduction. Critical care. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17544. PMID: 29088957.

767: Alotaibi NM, Wang JZ, Pasarikovski CR, Guha D, Al-Mufti F, Mamdani M, Saposnik G, Schweizer TA, Macdonald RL. Management of raised intracranial pressure in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: time for a consensus? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17426. PMID: 29088956.

768: Manfield JH, Yu KKH. Real-time ultrasound-guided external ventricular drain placement: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17148. PMID: 29088955.

769: Vedantam A, Robertson CS, Gopinath SP. Morbidity and mortality associated with hypernatremia in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17418. PMID: 29088954.

770: Mende KC, Gelderblom M, Schwarz C, Czorlich P, Schmidt NO, Vettorazzi E, Regelsberger J, Westphal M, Abboud T. Somatosensory evoked potentials in patients with high-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E17. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17427. PMID: 29088953.

771: Won SY, Dubinski D, Brawanski N, Strzelczyk A, Seifert V, Freiman TM, Konczalla J. Significant increase in acute subdural hematoma in octo- and nonagenarians: surgical treatment, functional outcome, and predictors in this patient cohort. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17417. PMID: 29088952.

772: Yue JK, Winkler EA, Rick JW, Deng H, Partow CP, Upadhyayula PS, Birk HS, Chan AK, Dhall SS. Update on critical care for acute spinal cord injury in the setting of polytrauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E19. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17396. PMID: 29088951.

773: Kvint S, Schuster J, Kumar MA. Neurosurgical applications of viscoelastic hemostatic assays. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17447. PMID: 29088950.

774: Sinha S, Hudgins E, Schuster J, Balu R. Unraveling the complexities of invasive multimodality neuromonitoring. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17449. PMID: 29088949.

775: DiGiorgio AM, Tsolinas R, Alazzeh M, Haefeli J, Talbott JF, Ferguson AR, Bresnahan JC, Beattie MS, Manley GT, Whetstone WD, Mummaneni PV, Dhall SS. Safety and effectiveness of early chemical deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis after spinal cord injury: pilot prospective data. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E21. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17437. PMID: 29088948.

776: Medow JE. Editorial. Waste not, want not. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17536. PMID: 29088947.

777: Chartrain AG, Awad AJ, Sarkiss CA, Feng R, Liu Y, Mocco J, Bederson JB, Mayer SA, Dangayach NS, Gordon E. A step-down unit transfer protocol for low- risk aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17448. PMID: 29088946.

778: Hawryluk GWJ. Editorial. Sodium values and the use of hyperosmolar therapy following traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17506. PMID: 29088945.

779: Saadeh YS, Smith BW, Joseph JR, Jaffer SY, Buckingham MJ, Oppenlander ME, Szerlip NJ, Park P. The impact of blood pressure management after spinal cord injury: a systematic review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E20. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17428. PMID: 29088944.

780: Tariq A, Aguilar-Salinas P, Hanel RA, Naval N, Chmayssani M. The role of ICP monitoring in meningitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17419. PMID: 29088943.

781: Ball PA. Editorial. Subdural hematoma in the older population. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Nov;43(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2017.8.FOCUS17529. PMID: 29088942.

782: Zada G, Fredrickson VL, Wrobel BB. Extended endoscopic endonasal approach for resection of tuberculum sellae meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V2. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17285. PMID: 28967318.

783: Buttrick S, Morcos JJ, Elhammady MS, Wang AC. Extradural clinoidectomy for resection of clinoidal meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V10. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17363. PMID: 28967317.

784: Arnaout O, Al-Mefty O. Combined petrosal approach for petroclival meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V6. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17343. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):A9. PMID: 28967316.

785: Rassi MS, de Oliveira JG, Borba LAB. The transcondylar approach to craniocervical meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V11. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17366. PMID: 28967315.

786: Montaser AS, Revuelta Barbero JM, Todeschini A, Beer-Furlan A, Lonser RR, Carrau RL, Prevedello DM. Endoscopic endonasal pituitary gland hemi- transposition for resection of a dorsum sellae meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V7. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17344. PMID: 28967314.

787: Liu JK. Extended middle fossa approach with anterior petrosectomy for resection of upper petroclival meningioma involving Meckel's cave: operative video and technical nuances. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V8. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17345. PMID: 28967313.

788: Dogan I, Ocak PE, Pyle GM, Başkaya MK. Resection of middle petroclival meningioma via combined anterior transpetrosal and retrosigmoid approaches at two separate stages: 3D operative video. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V12. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17379. PMID: 28967312.

789: Elarjani T, Shetty R, Singh H, da Silva HB, Sekhar LN. Transpetrosal approach to petro-clival meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V1. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17214. PMID: 28967311.

790: Suematsu S, Ono H, Inoue T, Tamura A. Combined interhemispheric translamina terminalis and pterional approach for a dorsum sellae meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V4. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17302. PMID: 28967310.

791: Couldwell WT. Left occipital craniotomy for resection of falcotentorial meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V9. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17358. PMID: 28967309.

792: Nanda A, Patra DP, Savardekar A, Maiti TK, Kalakoti P. Resection of posterior clinoid meningioma through retrosigmoid approach: concepts and nuances. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V5. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17325. PMID: 28967308.

793: Zada G, Başkaya MK, Shah MV. Introduction: surgical management of skull base meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):Intro. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 28967307.

794: Matsushima K, Kohno M. Retrosigmoid transmeatal and suprajugular approach for cerebellopontine angle meningioma: operative video. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V3. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17290. PMID: 28967306.

795: Klironomos G, Dehdashti AR. Orbitozygomatic craniotomy and trans-sylvian approach for resection of a tuberculum sella meningioma with extension to the posterior fossa. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(VideoSuppl2):V13. doi: 10.3171/2017.10.FocusVid.17380. PMID: 28967305.

796: Menger RP, Kalakoti P, Pugely AJ, Nanda A, Sin A. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: risk factors for complications and the effect of hospital volume on outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17300. PMID: 28965456.

797: Udayakumaran S, Menon SK, Onyia CU, Tahasildar N. Single-stage deformity correction in children with neurogenic kyphoscoliosis: nuances and a proposal for risk stratification. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17348. PMID: 28965455.

798: Abu-Bonsrah N, Goodwin CR, Ortega G, Abdullah F, Cornwell E, De la Garza- Ramos R, Groves ML, Ain M, Sponseller PD, Sciubba DM. Risk factors associated with short-term complications and mortality after pediatric spinal arthrodesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17313. PMID: 28965454.

799: Jea A. Editorial. Intraoperative neuromonitoring: gold standard or fool's gold? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17457. PMID: 28965453.

800: Baaj AA, Brockmeyer D, Jea A, Samdani AF. Introduction. Pediatric spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17468. PMID: 28965452.

801: Hersh DS, Iyer RR, Garzon-Muvdi T, Liu A, Jallo GI, Groves ML. Instrumented fusion for spinal deformity after laminectomy or laminoplasty for resection of intramedullary spinal cord tumors in pediatric patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17329. PMID: 28965451.

802: Ohrt-Nissen S, Dragsted C, Dahl B, Ferguson JAI, Gehrchen M. Improved restoration of thoracic kyphosis using a rod construct with differentiated rigidity in the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17351. PMID: 28965450.

803: Zeng J, Liu H, Yang Y. Letter to the Editor. Segmental mobility and heterotopic ossification after cervical arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17276. PMID: 28965449.

804: Cognetti D, Keeny HM, Samdani AF, Pahys JM, Hanson DS, Blanke K, Hwang SW. Neuromuscular scoliosis complication rates from 2004 to 2015: a report from the Scoliosis Research Society Morbidity and Mortality database. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17384. PMID: 28965448.

805: Jada A, Mackel CE, Hwang SW, Samdani AF, Stephen JH, Bennett JT, Baaj AA. Evaluation and management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17297. PMID: 28965447.

806: Vivas AC, Hwang SW, Pahys JM. Insertion of magnetically controlled growing rods in a patient with a diaphragmatic pacemaker: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17356. PMID: 28965446.

807: Kelley BJ, Minkara AA, Angevine PD, Vitale MG, Lenke LG, Anderson RCE. Temporary occipital fixation in young children with severe cervical-thoracic spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17287. PMID: 28965445.

808: Zuccaro M, Zuccaro J, Samdani AF, Pahys JM, Hwang SW. Intraoperative neuromonitoring alerts in a pediatric deformity center. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17364. PMID: 28965444.

809: De la Garza Ramos R, Nakhla J, Nasser R, Schulz JF, Purvis TE, Sciubba DM, Kinon MD, Yassari R. Effect of body mass index on surgical outcomes after posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17342. PMID: 28965443.

810: Chan EW, Gannon SR, Shannon CN, Martus JE, Mencio GA, Bonfield CM. The impact of curve severity on obstetric complications and regional anesthesia utilization in pregnant patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a preliminary analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Oct;43(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FOCUS17321. PMID: 28965442.

811: Rizzi M, Trezza A, Messina G, De Benedictis A, Franzini A, Marras CE. Exploring the brain through posterior hypothalamus surgery for aggressive behavior. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17231. PMID: 28859571.

812: Vannemreddy PSSV, Stone JL. Sanger Brown and Edward Schäfer before Heinrich Klüver and Paul Bucy: their observations on bilateral temporal lobe ablations. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17265. PMID: 28859570.

813: Preul MC, Dagi TF, Prestigiacomo CJ, Sloffer CA. Introduction. Neurosurgery, psychiatry, and function: the history of altering behavior, thought, and function through neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17430. PMID: 28859569.

814: Nudeshima J, Taira T. A brief note on the history of psychosurgery in Japan. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17255. PMID: 28859568.

815: Barbosa DAN, de Oliveira-Souza R, Monte Santo F, de Oliveira Faria AC, Gorgulho AA, De Salles AAF. The hypothalamus at the crossroads of psychopathology and neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17256. PMID: 28859567.

816: Zanello M, Pallud J, Baup N, Peeters S, Turak B, Krebs MO, Oppenheim C, Gaillard R, Devaux B. History of psychosurgery at Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France, through translational interactions between psychiatrists and neurosurgeons. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17250. PMID: 28859566.

817: Bourdillon P, Apra C, Lévêque M, Vinckier F. Neuroplasticity and the brain connectome: what can Jean Talairach's reflections bring to modern psychosurgery? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17251. PMID: 28859565.

818: O'Neal CM, Baker CM, Glenn CA, Conner AK, Sughrue ME. Dr. Robert G. Heath: a controversial figure in the history of deep brain stimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17252. PMID: 28859564.

819: Sloffer CA. Editorial. The Klüver-Bucy syndrome and the golden age of localization. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17416. PMID: 28859563.

820: Preul MC, Dagi TF. Editorial. London 1935: the frontal lobe, insanity, and a brain surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17429. PMID: 28859562.

821: Caruso JP, Sheehan JP. Psychosurgery, ethics, and media: a history of Walter Freeman and the lobotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17257. PMID: 28859561.

822: Holland R, Kopel D, Carmel PW, Prestigiacomo CJ. Topectomy versus leukotomy: J. Lawrence Pool's contribution to psychosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17259. PMID: 28859560.

823: Jareczek FJ, Holland MT, Howard MA 3rd, Walch T, Abel TJ. The origins and persistence of psychosurgery in the state of Iowa. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17227. PMID: 28859559; PMCID: PMC6858608.

824: Boettcher LB, Menacho ST. The early argument for prefrontal leucotomy: the collision of frontal lobe theory and psychosurgery at the 1935 International Neurological Congress in London. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17249. PMID: 28859558.

825: Ishaque M, Wallace DJ, Grandhi R. Pneumoencephalography in the workup of neuropsychiatric illnesses: a historical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Sep;43(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17238. PMID: 28859557.

826: Bisson EF, Rajakumar DV, Mummaneni PV. Introduction. Minimally invasive spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17319. PMID: 28760042.

827: Virk MS, Mummaneni PV. Editorial. Nuances of restoration of lumbar lordosis using an MIS anterior column release versus posterior 3-column osteotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2017.6.FOCUS17390. PMID: 28760041.

828: DiGiorgio AM, Edwards CS, Virk MS, Mummaneni PV, Chou D. Stereotactic navigation for the prepsoas oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion: technical note and case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17168. PMID: 28760040.

829: Zeden JP, Müller JU, El Refaee EAM, Schroeder HWS, Pillich DT. Neuronavigation and 3D fluoroscopy-guided lag screw reduction and osteosynthesis for traumatic spondylolistheses of the axis: a path worth exploring? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17201. PMID: 28760039.

830: Heo DH, Son SK, Eum JH, Park CK. Fully endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion using a percutaneous unilateral biportal endoscopic technique: technical note and preliminary clinical results. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17146. PMID: 28760038.

831: Ohya J, Bray DP, Magill ST, Vogel TD, Berven S, Mummaneni PV. Mini-open anterior approach for cervicothoracic junction fracture: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17179. PMID: 28760037.

832: Clark AJ, Safaee MM, Khan NR, Brown MT, Foley KT. Tubular microdiscectomy: techniques, complication avoidance, and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17202. PMID: 28760036.

833: Mummaneni PV, Bisson EF, Kerezoudis P, Glassman S, Foley K, Slotkin JR, Potts E, Shaffrey M, Shaffrey CI, Coric D, Knightly J, Park P, Fu KM, Devin CJ, Chotai S, Chan AK, Virk M, Asher AL, Bydon M. Minimally invasive versus open fusion for Grade I degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: analysis of the Quality Outcomes Database. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17188. PMID: 28760035.

834: Rajakumar DV, Hari A, Krishna M, Sharma A, Reddy M. Complete anatomic reduction and monosegmental fusion for lumbar spondylolisthesis of Grade II and higher: use of the minimally invasive “rocking” technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17199. PMID: 28760034.

835: Smith BW, Joseph JR, Kirsch M, Strasser MO, Smith J, Park P. Minimally invasive guidewireless, navigated pedicle screw placement: a technical report and case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17200. PMID: 28760033.

836: Hawasli AH, Khalifeh JM, Chatrath A, Yarbrough CK, Ray WZ. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with expandable versus static interbody devices: radiographic assessment of sagittal segmental and pelvic parameters. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17197. PMID: 28760032.

837: Ghobrial GM, Crandall KM, Lau A, Williams SK, Levi AD. Minimally invasive direct pars repair with cannulated screws and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein: case series and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17153. PMID: 28760031.

838: Stangenberg M, Viezens L, Eicker SO, Mohme M, Mende KC, Dreimann M. Cervical vertebroplasty for osteolytic metastases as a minimally invasive therapeutic option in oncological surgery: outcome in 14 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17175. PMID: 28760030.

839: Mende KC, Krätzig T, Mohme M, Westphal M, Eicker SO. Keyhole approaches to intradural pathologies. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17198. PMID: 28760029.

840: Leveque JC, Yanamadala V, Buchlak QD, Sethi RK. Correction of severe spinopelvic mismatch: decreased blood loss with lateral hyperlordotic interbody grafts as compared with pedicle subtraction osteotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17195. PMID: 28760028.

841: Heo DH, Kim JS. Clinical and radiological outcomes of spinal endoscopic discectomy-assisted oblique lumbar interbody fusion: preliminary results. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug;43(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17196. PMID: 28760027.

842: Hu K, Bounni F, Williams Z. Editorial. Advancement in brain-machine interfaces for patients with tetraplegia: neurosurgical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17244. PMID: 28669301.

843: Bhatia A, Doshi P, Koul A, Shah V, Brown JM, Salama M. Contralateral C-7 transfer: is direct repair really superior to grafting? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.4.FOCUS1794. PMID: 28669300.

844: Brown JM, Carter BS, Tansey KE, Zafonte R. Introduction. Neurosurgical rehabilitation. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17281. PMID: 28669299.

845: Beer-Furlan A, Jamshidi AO, Carrau RL, Prevedello DM. Letter to the Editor. Surgical strategy for craniopharyngiomas and the tumor-infundibulum relationship. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS17180. PMID: 28669298.

846: Brown JM, Mahan MA, Mandeville R, Carter BS. Establishing reconstructive neurosurgery as a subspecialty. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17102. PMID: 28669297.

847: Mandeville RM, Brown JM, Sheean GL. A neurophysiological approach to nerve transfer to restore upper limb function in cervical spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.5.FOCUS17245. PMID: 28669296.

848: Wali AR, Santiago-Dieppa DR, Brown JM, Mandeville R. Nerve transfer versus muscle transfer to restore elbow flexion after pan-brachial plexus injury: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.4.FOCUS17112. PMID: 28669295.

849: Goulenko V, da Costa Cruz PL, Niemeyer Filho P. Unilateral thalamic and pallidal deep brain stimulation for idiopathic hemidystonia: results of individual and combined stimulations. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.4.FOCUS17134. PMID: 28669294.

850: Ocak PE, Dinc C, Cikla U, Başkaya MK. Resection of complex occipital arteriovenous malformation with giant varix: demonstration of microsurgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V5. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.17125. PMID: 28669274.

851: See AP, Flores BC, Moon K, Ducruet AF, Spetzler RF, Albuquerque FC. Motor cortex arteriovenous malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V2. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.17136. PMID: 28669273.

852: Rustemi O, Scienza R, Della Puppa A. Utility of indocyanine green videoangiography in subcortical arteriovenous malformation resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V10. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.1774. PMID: 28669272.

853: Shah AH, Wang AC, Morcos JJ. Lateral parietal arteriovenous malformation with feeding artery aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V8. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.17108. PMID: 28669271.

854: Walcott BP, Russin JJ, Babadjouni R, Mack WJ. Selective embolization of ruptured feeding artery aneurysm followed by resection of arteriovenous malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V4. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.17127. PMID: 28669270.

855: de Oliveira JG, Massella CR Jr, de Holanda CVM, Giudicissi-Filho M, Borba LAB. Microsurgical management of a high-grade brain arteriovenous malformation in the central lobe after unsuccessful radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V3. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.17128. PMID: 28669269.

856: Starke RM, Albuquerque FC, Lawton MT. Introduction to the supratentorial cerebral arteriovenous malformation video supplement. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):Intro. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 28669268.

857: Sun L, Zhang H, Ren J. Microsurgical resection of a high-grade occipital arteriovenous malformation after staged embolization. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V11. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.1769. PMID: 28669267.

858: Couldwell WT. Navigation-guided transsylvian approach and microsurgical resection of a deep left temporal low-grade arteriovenous malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V6. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.17121. PMID: 28669266.

859: Walcott BP, Bang JS, Choudhri O, Gandhi S, Tabani H, Benet A, Lawton MT. Contralateral transcallosal resection of a ventricular body arteriovenous malformation: 3D operative video. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V1. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.17143. PMID: 28669265.

860: Chiluwal A, Dehdashti AR. Surgical treatment of a complex Grade III Spetzler-Martin posterior temporal arteriovenous malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V9. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.1786. PMID: 28669264.

861: da Costa MDS, Santos BFO, Bouchabki de Almeida Guardini F, Chaddad-Neto F. Microsurgical treatment for arteriovenous malformation of the corpus callosum and choroidal fissure. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V12. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.1733. PMID: 28669263.

862: Harput MV, Türe U. The paramedian supracerebellar-transtentorial approach to remove a posterior fusiform gyrus arteriovenous malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jul;43(VideoSuppl1):V7. doi: 10.3171/2017.7.FocusVid.17120. PMID: 28669262.

863: Griauzde J, Ravindra VM, Chaudhary N, Gemmete JJ, Mazur MD, Roark CD, Couldwell WT, Park MS, Taussky P, Pandey AS. Use of the Pipeline embolization device in the treatment of iatrogenic intracranial vascular injuries: a bi- institutional experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1735. PMID: 28565993.

864: Ryan RW, Khan AS, Barco R, Choulakian A. Pipeline flow diversion of ruptured blister aneurysms of the supraclinoid carotid artery using a single- device strategy. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1757. PMID: 28565992.

865: Taylor LI, Dickerson JC, Dambrino RJ, Kalani MYS, Taussky P, Washington CW, Park MS. Platelet testing in flow diversion: a review of the evidence. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1746. PMID: 28565991.

866: Valle-Giler EP, Atallah E, Tjoumakaris S, Rosenwasser RH, Jabbour P. Transcirculation Pipeline embolization device deployment: a rescue technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS16485. PMID: 28565990.

867: Dornbos D 3rd, Karras CL, Wenger N, Priddy B, Youssef P, Nimjee SM, Powers CJ. Pipeline embolization device for recurrence of previously treated aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1744. PMID: 28565989.

868: Briganti F, Leone G, Cirillo L, de Divitiis O, Solari D, Cappabianca P. Postprocedural, midterm, and long-term results of cerebral aneurysms treated with flow-diverter devices: 7-year experience at a single center. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1732. PMID: 28565988.

869: Srinivasan VM, Carlson AP, Mokin M, Cherian J, Chen SR, Puri A, Kan P. Prolapse of the Pipeline embolization device in aneurysms: incidence, management, and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1738. PMID: 28565987.

870: Wali AR, Park CC, Santiago-Dieppa DR, Vaida F, Murphy JD, Khalessi AA. Pipeline embolization device versus coiling for the treatment of large and giant unruptured intracranial aneurysms: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1749. PMID: 28565986; PMCID: PMC6369699.

871: Awad AJ, Mascitelli JR, Haroun RR, De Leacy RA, Fifi JT, Mocco J. Endovascular management of fusiform aneurysms in the posterior circulation: the era of flow diversion. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1748. PMID: 28565985.

872: Kilburg C, Taussky P, Kalani MY, Park MS. Novel use of flow diversion for the treatment of aneurysms associated with arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS1755. PMID: 28565984.

873: Silva MA, See AP, Dasenbrock HH, Patel NJ, Aziz-Sultan MA. Vision outcomes in patients with paraclinoid aneurysms treated with clipping, coiling, or flow diversion: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1718. PMID: 28565983.

874: Arthur AS, Taussky P, Park MS, Stiefel MF, Rosenwasser RH. Introduction. The treatment of cerebral aneurysms: flow diversion and beyond. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS17174. PMID: 28565982.

875: Zhou G, Su M, Yin YL, Li MH. Complications associated with the use of flow- diverting devices for cerebral aneurysms: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS16450. PMID: 28565981.

876: Rajah G, Narayanan S, Rangel-Castilla L. Update on flow diverters for the endovascular management of cerebral aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS16427. PMID: 28565980.

877: Awad AW, Moon K, Yoon N, Mazur MD, Kalani MYS, Taussky P, McDougall CG, Albuquerque FC, Park MS. Flow diversion of tandem cerebral aneurysms: a multi- institutional retrospective study. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS1731. PMID: 28565979.

878: Patel PD, Chalouhi N, Atallah E, Tjoumakaris S, Hasan D, Zarzour H, Rosenwasser R, Jabbour P. Off-label uses of the Pipeline embolization device: a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1742. PMID: 28565978.

879: Peitz GW, Sy CA, Grandhi R. Endovascular treatment of blister aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jun;42(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1751. PMID: 28565977.

880: Keric N, Doenitz C, Haj A, Rachwal-Czyzewicz I, Renovanz M, Wesp DMA, Boor S, Conrad J, Brawanski A, Giese A, Kantelhardt SR. Evaluation of robot-guided minimally invasive implantation of 2067 pedicle screws. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS16552. PMID: 28463624.

881: Molliqaj G, Schatlo B, Alaid A, Solomiichuk V, Rohde V, Schaller K, Tessitore E. Accuracy of robot-guided versus freehand fluoroscopy-assisted pedicle screw insertion in thoracolumbar spinal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS179. PMID: 28463623.

882: Gonen L, Chakravarthi SS, Monroy-Sosa A, Celix JM, Kojis N, Singh M, Jennings J, Fukui MB, Rovin RA, Kassam AB. Initial experience with a robotically operated video optical telescopic-microscope in cranial neurosurgery: feasibility, safety, and clinical applications. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1712. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Feb;44(2):E17. PMID: 28463622.

883: Couldwell WT, MacDonald JD, Thomas CL, Hansen BC, Lapalikar A, Thakkar B, Balaji AK. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing skull base drill. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS16561. PMID: 28463621.

884: Solomiichuk V, Fleischhammer J, Molliqaj G, Warda J, Alaid A, von Eckardstein K, Schaller K, Tessitore E, Rohde V, Schatlo B. Robotic versus fluoroscopy-guided pedicle screw insertion for metastatic spinal disease: a matched-cohort comparison. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS1710. PMID: 28463620.

885: Brandmeir NJ, Sather MD. Letter to the Editor. Stereotactic laser ablation for hypothalamic hamartomas after SRS failure. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E18. doi: 10.3171/2016.11.FOCUS16426. PMID: 28463619.

886: Joseph JR, Smith BW, Liu X, Park P. Current applications of robotics in spine surgery: a systematic review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS16544. PMID: 28463618.

887: De Benedictis A, Trezza A, Carai A, Genovese E, Procaccini E, Messina R, Randi F, Cossu S, Esposito G, Palma P, Amante P, Rizzi M, Marras CE. Robot- assisted procedures in pediatric neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS16579. PMID: 28463617.

888: Ko S, Nakazawa A, Kurose Y, Harada K, Mitsuishi M, Sora S, Shono N, Nakatomi H, Saito N, Morita A. Intelligent control of neurosurgical robot MM-3 using dynamic motion scaling. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS16568. PMID: 28463616.

889: Cardinale F, Rizzi M, d'Orio P, Casaceli G, Arnulfo G, Narizzano M, Scorza D, De Momi E, Nichelatti M, Redaelli D, Sberna M, Moscato A, Castana L. A new tool for touch-free patient registration for robot-assisted intracranial surgery: application accuracy from a phantom study and a retrospective surgical series. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS16539. PMID: 28463615.

890: Ogiwara T, Goto T, Nagm A, Hongo K. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery using the iArmS operation support robot: initial experience in 43 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS16498. PMID: 28463614.

891: Grasmücke D, Zieriacks A, Jansen O, Fisahn C, Sczesny-Kaiser M, Wessling M, Meindl RC, Schildhauer TA, Aach M. Against the odds: what to expect in rehabilitation of chronic spinal cord injury with a neurologically controlled Hybrid Assistive Limb exoskeleton. A subgroup analysis of 55 patients according to age and lesion level. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS171. PMID: 28463613.

892: Madhavan K, Kolcun JPG, Chieng LO, Wang MY. Augmented-reality integrated robotics in neurosurgery: are we there yet? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS177. PMID: 28463612.

893: Ringer AJ. Erratum. Application of emerging technologies to improve access to ischemic stroke care. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E19. doi: 10.3171/2017.4.FOCUS16520a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E8. PMID: 28463611.

894: Schröder ML, Staartjes VE. Revisions for screw malposition and clinical outcomes after robot-guided lumbar fusion for spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOCUS16534. PMID: 28463610.

895: Urakov TM, Chang KH, Burks SS, Wang MY. Initial academic experience and learning curve with robotic spine instrumentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS175. PMID: 28463609.

896: Ghobrial GM, Wang MY. Editorial. The next generation of powered exoskeleton use in spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS1797. PMID: 28463608.

897: Wang MY, Goto T, Tessitore E, Veeravagu A. Introduction. Robotics in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS1783. PMID: 28463607.

898: Pacchiarotti G, Wang MY, Kolcun JPG, Chang KH, Al Maaieh M, Reis VS, Nguyen DM. Robotic paravertebral schwannoma resection at extreme locations of the thoracic cavity. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E17. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOCUS16551. PMID: 28463584.

899: Abstracts of the 10th Annual Meeting of the Lumbar Spine Research Society Chicago, Illinois • April 6 & 7, 2017. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):A1-A40. doi: 10.3171/2017.4.FOC-LSRSabstracts. PMID: 28384064.

900: Okada H, Matsuda Y, Chung J, Webster Crowley R, Lopes DK. Editorial: Perspective in current neuroprotection strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS1728. PMID: 28366072.

901: Abraham P, Scott Pannell J, Santiago-Dieppa DR, Cheung V, Steinberg J, Wali A, Gupta M, Rennert RC, Lee RR, Khalessi AA. Vessel wall signal enhancement on 3-T MRI in acute stroke patients after stent retriever thrombectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E20. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16492. PMID: 28366071.

902: Vuong SM, Carroll CP, Tackla RD, Jeong WJ, Ringer AJ. Application of emerging technologies to improve access to ischemic stroke care. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16520. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2017 May;42(5):E19. PMID: 28366070.

903: Santiago-Dieppa DR, Hirshman BR, Wali A, Scott Pannell J, Alam Y, Olson S, Cheung VJ, Steinberg JA, Gupta M, Khalessi AA. The circle of Willis predicts the antihypertensive effects of carotid artery stenting. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E18. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16487. PMID: 28366069.

904: Mack WJ, Kim LJ, Lopes DK, Mocco J. Introduction: New techniques and technologies in the management of ischemic stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS1730. PMID: 28366068.

905: Rajah GB, Ding Y. Experimental neuroprotection in ischemic stroke: a concise review. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16497. PMID: 28366067.

906: Karsy M, Brock A, Guan J, Taussky P, Kalani MY, Park MS. Neuroprotective strategies and the underlying molecular basis of cerebrovascular stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16522. PMID: 28366066.

907: Rangel-Castilla L, Rajah GB, Shakir HJ, Shallwani H, Gandhi S, Davies JM, Snyder KV, Levy EI, Siddiqui AH. Management of acute ischemic stroke due to tandem occlusion: should endovascular recanalization of the extracranial or intracranial occlusive lesion be done first? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16500. PMID: 28366065.

908: Okada H, Matsuda Y, Chung J, Crowley RW, Lopes DK. Utility of a Y-configured stentriever technique as a rescue method of thrombectomy for an intractable rooted thrombus located on the middle cerebral artery bifurcation: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16511. PMID: 28366064.

909: Mbabuike N, Gassie K, Brown B, Miller DA, Tawk RG. Revascularization of tandem occlusions in acute ischemic stroke: review of the literature and illustrative case. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16521. PMID: 28366063.

910: Rangel-Castilla L, Shakir HJ, Siddiqui AH. Initial experience with a multiple parallel guidewire support system for complex tortuous aortic arch navigation and great vessel catheterization: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16494. PMID: 28366062.

911: Kim LJ. Editorial: Acute stroke intervention. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS1740. PMID: 28366061.

912: Matsuda Y, Okada H, Chung J, Webster Crowley R, Lopes DK. Novel balloon- and-aspiration method for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: dental-floss technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E19. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16519. PMID: 28366060.

913: Yoon NK, Awad AW, Kalani MY, Taussky P, Park MS. Stent technology in ischemic stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16507. PMID: 28366059.

914: Chartrain AG, Awad AJ, Mascitelli JR, Shoirah H, Oxley TJ, Feng R, Gallitto M, De Leacy R, Fifi JT, Kellner CP. Novel and emerging technologies for endovascular thrombectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16518. PMID: 28366058.

915: Srinivasan VM, Chen SR, Camstra KM, Chintalapani G, Kan P. Development of a recalcitrant, large clot burden, bifurcation occlusion model for mechanical thrombectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16501. PMID: 28366057.

916: El-Ghanem M, Al-Mufti F, Thulasi V, Singh IP, Gandhi C. Expanding the treatment window for ischemic stroke through the application of novel system- based technology. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16515. PMID: 28366056.

917: Sur S, Snelling B, Khandelwal P, Caplan JM, Peterson EC, Starke RM, Yavagal DR. Transradial approach for mechanical thrombectomy in anterior circulation large-vessel occlusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16525. PMID: 28366055.

918: Kilburg C, Scott McNally J, de Havenon A, Taussky P, Kalani MY, Park MS. Advanced imaging in acute ischemic stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16503. PMID: 28366054.

919: Babadjouni RM, Walcott BP, Liu Q, Tenser MS, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Neuroprotective delivery platforms as an adjunct to mechanical thrombectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16514. PMID: 28366053.

920: Chartrain AG, Awad AJ, Rasouli JJ, Rothrock RJ, Kopell BH. Deep brain stimulation of the ventralis intermedius nucleus for the treatment of essential tremor. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(VideoSuppl2):V3. doi: 10.3171/2017.4.FocusVid.16512. PMID: 28366025.

921: House P. Technical nuances to minimize common complications of deep brain stimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(VideoSuppl2):V2. doi: 10.3171/2017.4.FocusVid.16538. PMID: 28366024.

922: Lozano AM, Gross RE. Introduction to Deep Brain Stimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(VideoSuppl2):Intro. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 28366023.

923: Toda H, Nishida N, Iwasaki K. Coaxial interleaved stimulation of the thalamus and subthalamus for treatment of Holmes tremor. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(VideoSuppl2):V1. doi: 10.3171/2017.4.FocusVid.16510. PMID: 28366022.

924: Abstracts of the 2017 AANS/CNS Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Las Vegas, Nevada • March 8-11, 2017. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):A1-A85. doi: 10.3171/2017.3.FOC-DSPNabstracts. PMID: 28263664.

925: Laumonerie P, Capek S, Amrami KK, Dyck PJ, Spinner RJ. Targeted fascicular biopsy of the brachial plexus: rationale and operative technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16404. PMID: 28245733.

926: Bhat DI, Indira Devi B, Bharti K, Panda R. Cortical plasticity after brachial plexus injury and repair: a resting-state functional MRI study. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2016.12.FOCUS16430. PMID: 28245732.

927: Zanello M, Pallud J. Letter to the Editor: Medical facts in neurosurgical history. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16401. PMID: 28245731.

928: Stubblefield MD, Ibanez K, Riedel ER, Barzilai O, Laufer I, Lis E, Yamada Y, Bilsky MH. Peripheral nervous system injury after high-dose single-fraction image-guided stereotactic radiosurgery for spine tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2016.11.FOCUS16348. PMID: 28245730; PMCID: PMC5546836.

929: Wali AR, Park CC, Brown JM, Mandeville R. Analyzing cost-effectiveness of ulnar and median nerve transfers to regain forearm flexion. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.12.FOCUS16469. PMID: 28245686.

930: Crutcher CL 2nd, Kline DG, Tender GC. A modified, less invasive posterior subscapular approach to the brachial plexus: case report and technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.12.FOCUS16470. PMID: 28245672.

931: Henning PT, Wilson TJ, Willsey M, John JK, Popadich M, Yang LJ. Pilot study of intraoperative ultrasound-guided instrument placement in nerve transection surgery for peripheral nerve pain syndromes. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16438. PMID: 28245671.

932: Hundepool CA, Nijhuis TH, Kotsougiani D, Friedrich PF, Bishop AT, Shin AY. Optimizing decellularization techniques to create a new nerve allograft: an in vitro study using rodent nerve segments. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS16462. PMID: 28245670.

933: Wilson TJ, Hébert-Blouin MN, Murthy NS, García JJ, Amrami KK, Spinner RJ. The nearly invisible intraneural cyst: a new and emerging part of the spectrum. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2016.12.FOCUS16439. PMID: 28245669.

934: Gersey ZC, Burks SS, Anderson KD, Dididze M, Khan A, Dietrich WD, Levi AD. First human experience with autologous Schwann cells to supplement sciatic nerve repair: report of 2 cases with long-term follow-up. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.12.FOCUS16474. PMID: 28245668.

935: Reddy CG, Flouty OE, Holland MT, Rettenmaier LA, Zanaty M, Elahi F. Novel technique for trialing peripheral nerve stimulation: ultrasonography-guided StimuCath trial. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.12.FOCUS16475. PMID: 28245667.

936: Socolovsky M, Malessy M, Lopez D, Guedes F, Flores L. Current concepts in plasticity and nerve transfers: relationship between surgical techniques and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2016.12.FOCUS16431. PMID: 28245665.

937: van Gent JA, Datema M, Groen JL, Pondaag W, Eekhof JL, Malessy MJ. Anterior subcutaneous transposition for persistent ulnar neuropathy after neurolysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.11.FOCUS16451. PMID: 28245664.

938: Ray WZ. Editorial: Autologous Schwann cells. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.12.FOCUS16537. PMID: 28245663.

939: Mahan MA, Ray WZ, Yang LJ, Spinner RJ. Introduction: Peripheral nerve surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Mar;42(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS178. PMID: 28240559.

940: Toronto, Ontario, Canada • December 1 – 3, 2016. 44th Annual Meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Feb;42(2):A1-A38. doi: 10.3171/2017.2.FOC-CSRSabstracts. PMID: 28151000.

941: Rajakumar DV, Hari A, Krishna M, Konar S, Sharma A. Adjacent-level arthroplasty following cervical fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Feb;42(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.11.FOCUS16412. PMID: 28142281.

942: Chang HK, Chang CC, Tu TH, Wu JC, Huang WC, Fay LY, Chang PY, Wu CL, Cheng H. Can segmental mobility be increased by cervical arthroplasty? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Feb;42(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.10.FOCUS16411. PMID: 28142280.

943: Chin-See-Chong TC, Gadjradj PS, Boelen RJ, Harhangi BS. Current practice of cervical disc arthroplasty: a survey among 383 AOSpine International members. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Feb;42(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.11.FOCUS16338. PMID: 28142263.

944: Bhashyam N, De la Garza Ramos R, Nakhla J, Nasser R, Jada A, Purvis TE, Sciubba DM, Kinon MD, Yassari R. Thirty-day readmission and reoperation rates after single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion versus those after cervical disc replacement. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Feb;42(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.11.FOCUS16407. PMID: 28142261.

945: Heo DH, Lee DC, Oh JY, Park CK. Bone loss of vertebral bodies at the operative segment after cervical arthroplasty: a potential complication? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Feb;42(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.10.FOCUS16393. PMID: 28142258.

946: Joaquim AF, Riew KD. Multilevel cervical arthroplasty: current evidence. A systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Feb;42(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.10.FOCUS16354. PMID: 28142256.

947: Coric D, Mummaneni PV, Traynelis V, Wang J. Introduction: Cervical arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Feb;42(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.11.FOCUS16491. PMID: 28142250.

948: Turel MK, Kerolus MG, Adogwa O, Traynelis VC. Cervical arthroplasty: what does the labeling say? Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Feb;42(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.11.FOCUS16414. PMID: 28142245.

949: Tu TH, Wu JC, Cheng H, Mummaneni PV. Hybrid cervical disc arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(VideoSuppl1):V5. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FocusVid.16390. PMID: 28042726.

950: Chang CC, Wu JC, Chang PY, Yeh MY, Kuo YH, Fay LY, Tu TH, Huang WC, Cheng H. Stepwise illustration of teeth-fixation semi-constrained cervical disc arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(VideoSuppl1):V4. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FocusVid.16389. PMID: 28042725.

951: Couldwell WT. Cervical Arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(VideoSuppl1):Intro. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 28042724.

952: Rajakumar D, Sharma A, Hari A, Konar S, Krishna M. Two-level cervical arthroplasty using a “no-distraction” technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(VideoSuppl1):V1. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FocusVid.16376. PMID: 28042723.

953: Coric D, Parish J, Boltes MO. M6-C artificial disc placement. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(VideoSuppl1):V6. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FocusVid.16396. PMID: 28042722.

954: Onken J, Meyer B, Vajkoczy P. Surgical technique for revision surgery of cervical artificial disc replacements. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(VideoSuppl1):V3. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FocusVid.16382. PMID: 28042721.

955: Tu TH, Chang CC, Wu JC, Fay LY, Huang WC, Cheng H. Resection of uncovertebral joints and posterior longitudinal ligament for cervical disc arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(VideoSuppl1):V2. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FocusVid.16380. PMID: 28042720.

956: de Ruiter GC, Nogarede CO, Wolfs JF, Arts MP. Quality of life after different surgical procedures for the treatment of spinal metastases: results of a single-center prospective case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E17. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16150. PMID: 28041330.

957: Yamada Y, Katsoulakis E, Laufer I, Lovelock M, Barzilai O, McLaughlin LA, Zhang Z, Schmitt AM, Higginson DS, Lis E, Zelefsky MJ, Mechalakos J, Bilsky MH. The impact of histology and delivered dose on local control of spinal metastases treated with stereotactic radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16369. PMID: 28041329; PMCID: PMC5568686.

958: Pan J, Ho AL, D'Astous M, Sussman ES, Thompson PA, Tayag AT, Pangilinan L, Soltys SG, Gibbs IC, Chang SD. Image-guided stereotactic radiosurgery for treatment of spinal hemangioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2016.10.FOCUS16361. PMID: 28041328.

959: Elder BD, Ishida W, Goodwin CR, Bydon A, Gokaslan ZL, Sciubba DM, Wolinsky JP, Witham TF. Bone graft options for spinal fusion following resection of spinal column tumors: systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E16. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16112. PMID: 28041327.

960: Katsoulakis E, Laufer I, Bilsky M, Agaram NP, Lovelock M, Yamada Y. Pathological characteristics of spine metastases treated with high-dose single- fraction stereotactic radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.10.FOCUS16368. PMID: 28041326; PMCID: PMC5548126.

961: Couldwell WT. Editorial: Focusing on the future. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.10.FOCUS16437. PMID: 28041325.

962: Virk MS, Han JE, Reiner AS, McLaughlin LA, Sciubba DM, Lis E, Yamada Y, Bilsky M, Laufer I. Frequency of symptomatic vertebral body compression fractures requiring intervention following single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery for spinal metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.10.FOCUS16359. PMID: 28041324.

963: Sharma M, Bennett EE, Rahmathulla G, Chao ST, Koech HK, Gregory SN, Emch T, Magnelli A, Meola A, Suh JH, Angelov L. Impact of cervicothoracic region stereotactic spine radiosurgery on adjacent organs at risk. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/2016.10.FOCUS16364. PMID: 28041323.

964: Bilsky MH, Chang SD, Gerszten PC, Kalkanis S. Introduction: Spinal radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.10.FOCUS16433. PMID: 28041322.

965: Harel R, Pfeffer R, Levin D, Shekel E, Epstein D, Tsvang L, Ben Ayun M, Alezra D, Zach L. Spine radiosurgery: lessons learned from the first 100 treatment sessions. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16332. PMID: 28041321.

966: Drazin D, Bhamb N, Al-Khouja LT, Kappel AD, Kim TT, Johnson JP, Brien E. Image-guided resection of aggressive sacral tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E15. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16125. PMID: 28041320.

967: Bennett EE, Berriochoa C, Habboub G, Brigeman S, Chao ST, Angelov L. Rapid and complete radiological resolution of an intradural cervical cord lung cancer metastasis treated with spinal stereotactic radiosurgery: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16254. PMID: 28041319.

968: Lis E, Saha A, Peck KK, Zatcky J, Zelefsky MJ, Yamada Y, Holodny AI, Bilsky MH, Karimi S. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of osseous spine metastasis before and 1 hour after high-dose image-guided radiation therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16378. PMID: 28041318; PMCID: PMC5530364.

969: Monserrate A, Zussman B, Ozpinar A, Niranjan A, Flickinger JC, Gerszten PC. Stereotactic radiosurgery for intradural spine tumors using cone-beam CT image guidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16356. PMID: 28041317.

970: Zhang M, Chen YR, Chang SD, Veeravagu A. CyberKnife stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas: a single- institution experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16372. PMID: 28041316.

971: Soliman M, Taunk NK, Simons RE, Osborne JR, Kim MM, Szerlip NJ, Spratt DE. Anatomic and functional imaging in the diagnosis of spine metastases and response assessment after spine radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16350. PMID: 28041315.

972: Lockney DT, Shub T, Hopkins B, Lockney NA, Moussazadeh N, Lis E, Yamada Y, Schmitt AM, Higginson DS, Laufer I, Bilsky M. Spinal stereotactic body radiotherapy following intralesional curettage with separation surgery for initial or salvage chordoma treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Jan;42(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16373. PMID: 28041314.

973: Zoli M, Sambati L, Milanese L, Foschi M, Faustini-Fustini M, Marucci G, de Biase D, Tallini G, Cecere A, Mignani F, Sturiale C, Frank G, Pasquini E, Cortelli P, Mazzatenta D, Provini F. Postoperative outcome of body core temperature rhythm and sleep-wake cycle in third ventricle craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16317. PMID: 27903128.

974: Barker FG 2nd, Fahlbusch R, Schwartz TH, Wisoff JH. Introduction: Craniopharyngioma: current and emerging treatment modalities. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16405. PMID: 27903127.

975: Robinson LC, Santagata S, Hankinson TC. Potential evolution of neurosurgical treatment paradigms for craniopharyngioma based on genomic and transcriptomic characteristics. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16308. PMID: 27903126.

976: Wannemuehler TJ, Rubel KE, Hendricks BK, Ting JY, Payner TD, Shah MV, Cohen-Gadol AA. Outcomes in transcranial microsurgery versus extended endoscopic endonasal approach for primary resection of adult craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16314. PMID: 27903125.

977: Martinez-Gutierrez JC, D'Andrea MR, Cahill DP, Santagata S, Barker FG 2nd, Brastianos PK. Diagnosis and management of craniopharyngiomas in the era of genomics and targeted therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16325. PMID: 27903124.

978: Stache C, Bils C, Fahlbusch R, Flitsch J, Buchfelder M, Stefanits H, Czech T, Gaipl U, Frey B, Buslei R, Hölsken A. Drug priming enhances radiosensitivity of adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma via downregulation of survivin. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16316. PMID: 27903123.

979: Turel MK, Tsermoulas G, Gonen L, Klironomos G, Almeida JP, Zadeh G, Gentili F. Management and outcome of recurrent adult craniopharyngiomas: an analysis of 42 cases with long-term follow-up. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16315. PMID: 27903122.

980: Prieto R, Pascual JM, Rosdolsky M, Castro-Dufourny I, Carrasco R, Strauss S, Barrios L. Craniopharyngioma adherence: a comprehensive topographical categorization and outcome-related risk stratification model based on the methodical examination of 500 tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16304. PMID: 27903121.

981: Apps JR, Martinez-Barbera JP. Molecular pathology of adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma: review and opportunities for practice. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16307. PMID: 27903120.

982: Kshettry VR, Do H, Elshazly K, Farrell CJ, Nyquist G, Rosen M, Evans JJ. The learning curve in endoscopic endonasal resection of craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16292. PMID: 27903119.

983: Abou-Al-Shaar H, Abd-El-Barr MM, Zaidi HA, Russell-Goldman E, Folkerth RD, Laws ER Jr, Chiocca EA. Frontal dermoid cyst coexisting with suprasellar craniopharyngioma: a spectrum of ectodermally derived epithelial-lined cystic lesions? Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16238. PMID: 27903118.

984: Bakhsheshian J, Jin DL, Chang KE, Strickland BA, Donoho DA, Cen S, Mack WJ, Attenello F, Christian EA, Zada G. Risk factors associated with the surgical management of craniopharyngiomas in pediatric patients: analysis of 1961 patients from a national registry database. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16268. PMID: 27903117.

985: Moussazadeh N, Prabhu V, Bander ED, Cusic RC, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal versus open transcranial resection of craniopharyngiomas: a case-matched single-institution analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16299. PMID: 27903116.

986: Morisako H, Goto T, Goto H, Bohoun CA, Tamrakar S, Ohata K. Aggressive surgery based on an anatomical subclassification of craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16211. PMID: 27903115.

987: Lamiman K, Wong KK, Tamrazi B, Nosrati JD, Olch A, Chang EL, Kiehna EN. A quantitative analysis of craniopharyngioma cyst expansion during and after radiation therapy and surgical implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16298. PMID: 27903114.

988: Liu JK, Sevak IA, Carmel PW, Eloy JA. Microscopic versus endoscopic approaches for craniopharyngiomas: choosing the optimal surgical corridor for maximizing extent of resection and complication avoidance using a personalized, tailored approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16284. PMID: 27903113.

989: Wang L, Shi X, Liu F, Qian H. Bypass surgery to treat symptomatic fusiform dilation of the internal carotid artery following craniopharyngioma resection: report of 2 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Dec;41(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2016.9.FOCUS16252. PMID: 27903112.

990: Kalyvas AV, Kalamatianos T, Pantazi M, Lianos GD, Stranjalis G, Alexiou GA. Maternal environmental risk factors for congenital hydrocephalus: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16280. PMID: 27798989.

991: Muir RT, Wang S, Warf BC. Global surgery for pediatric hydrocephalus in the developing world: a review of the history, challenges, and future directions. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16273. PMID: 27798988.

992: Spennato P, Chiaramonte C, Cicala D, Donofrio V, Barbarisi M, Nastro A, Mirone G, Trischitta V, Cinalli G. Acute triventricular hydrocephalus caused by choroid plexus cysts: a diagnostic and neurosurgical challenge. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16269. PMID: 27798987.

993: Guan J, Riva-Cambrin J, Brockmeyer DL. Chiari-related hydrocephalus: assessment of clinical risk factors in a cohort of 297 consecutive patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16203. PMID: 27798986.

994: Kestle JR, Kulkarni AV, Warf BC. Introduction: Pediatric hydrocephalus: a continuing evolution in our understanding and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16346. PMID: 27798985.

995: Dupepe EB, Hopson B, Johnston JM, Rozzelle CJ, Jerry Oakes W, Blount JP, Rocque BG. Rate of shunt revision as a function of age in patients with shunted hydrocephalus due to myelomeningocele. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16257. PMID: 27798984; PMCID: PMC5460762.

996: Nigro L. Letter to the Editor: Aggressive vertebral hemangiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16334. PMID: 27798983.

997: Karimy JK, Duran D, Hu JK, Gavankar C, Gaillard JR, Bayri Y, Rice H, DiLuna ML, Gerzanich V, Marc Simard J, Kahle KT. Cerebrospinal fluid hypersecretion in pediatric hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16278. PMID: 27798982.

998: Vadivelu S, Rekate HL, Esernio-Jenssen D, Mittler MA, Schneider SJ. Hydrocephalus associated with childhood nonaccidental head trauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16266. PMID: 27798981.

999: Lee L, Low S, Low D, Ng LP, Nolan C, Seow WT. Late pediatric ventriculoperitoneal shunt failures: a Singapore tertiary institution's experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16277. PMID: 27798980.

1000: Patra DP, Bir SC, Maiti TK, Kalakoti P, Cuellar H, Guthikonda B, Sun H, Notarianni C, Nanda A. Role of radiological parameters in predicting overall shunt outcome after ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion in pediatric patients with obstructive hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16263. PMID: 27798979.

1001: Tully HM, Wenger TL, Kukull WA, Doherty D, Dobyns WB. Anatomical configurations associated with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus among premature infants with intraventricular hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Nov;41(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16241. PMID: 27798978; PMCID: PMC5510987.

1002: Chan AY, Tran DK, Gill AS, Hsu FP, Vadera S. Stereotactic robot-assisted MRI-guided laser thermal ablation of radiation necrosis in the posterior cranial fossa: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.4.FOCUS1622. PMID: 27690660.

1003: Pisipati S, Smith KA, Shah K, Ebersole K, Chamoun RB, Camarata PJ. Intracerebral laser interstitial thermal therapy followed by tumor resection to minimize cerebral edema. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16224. PMID: 27690659.

1004: Wright J, Chugh J, Wright CH, Alonso F, Hdeib A, Gittleman H, Barnholtz- Sloan J, Sloan AE. Laser interstitial thermal therapy followed by minimal-access transsulcal resection for the treatment of large and difficult to access brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16233. PMID: 27690658.

1005: Thomas JG, Rao G, Kew Y, Prabhu SS. Laser interstitial thermal therapy for newly diagnosed and recurrent glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16234. PMID: 27690657.

1006: Buckley RT, Wang AC, Miller JW, Novotny EJ, Ojemann JG. Stereotactic laser ablation for hypothalamic and deep intraventricular lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16236. PMID: 27690656.

1007: Tatsui CE, Belsuzarri TA, Oro M, Rhines LD, Li J, Ghia AJ, Amini B, Espinoza H, Brown PD, Rao G. Percutaneous surgery for treatment of epidural spinal cord compression and spinal instability: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16175. PMID: 27690655.

1008: Ali MA, Carroll KT, Rennert RC, Hamelin T, Chang L, Lemkuil BP, Sharma M, Barnholtz-Sloan JS, Myers C, Barnett GH, Smith K, Mohammadi AM, Sloan AE, Chen CC. Stereotactic laser ablation as treatment for brain metastases that recur after stereotactic radiosurgery: a multiinstitutional experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16227. PMID: 27690654.

1009: Sharma M, Habboub G, Behbahani M, Silva D, Barnett GH, Mohammadi AM. Thermal injury to corticospinal tracts and postoperative motor deficits after laser interstitial thermal therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16216. PMID: 27690653.

1010: Dadey DY, Kamath AA, Smyth MD, Chicoine MR, Leuthardt EC, Kim AH. Utilizing personalized stereotactic frames for laser interstitial thermal ablation of posterior fossa and mesiotemporal brain lesions: a single- institution series. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16207. PMID: 27690652.

1011: Burrows AM, Marsh WR, Worrell G, Woodrum DA, Pollock BE, Gorny KR, Felmlee JP, Watson RE, Kaufmann TJ, Goerss S, Van Gompel JJ. Magnetic resonance imaging- guided laser interstitial thermal therapy for previously treated hypothalamic hamartomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16218. PMID: 27690651.

1012: Barnett GH, Chen CC, Gross RE, Sloan AE. Introduction: Laser ablation techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16319. PMID: 27690650.

1013: Brandmeir NJ, McInerney J, Zacharia BE. The use of custom 3D printed stereotactic frames for laser interstitial thermal ablation: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16219. PMID: 27690649.

1014: Rennert RC, Carroll KT, Ali MA, Hamelin T, Chang L, Lemkuil BP, Chen CC. Safety of stereotactic laser ablations performed as treatment for glioblastomas in a conventional magnetic resonance imaging suite. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.8.FOCUS16217. PMID: 27690648.

1015: Šteňo A, Matejčík V, Šteňo J. Letter to the Editor: Identification of residual glioma using ultrasound miniprobes. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16180. PMID: 27690647.

1016: Dadey DY, Kamath AA, Leuthardt EC, Smyth MD. Laser interstitial thermal therapy for subependymal giant cell astrocytoma: technical case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Oct;41(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16231. PMID: 27690646.

1017: Barami K. Cerebral venous overdrainage: an under-recognized complication of cerebrospinal fluid diversion. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16172. PMID: 27581321.

1018: Desai B, Hsu Y, Schneller B, Hobbs JG, Mehta AI, Linninger A. Hydrocephalus: the role of cerebral aquaporin-4 channels and computational modeling considerations of cerebrospinal fluid. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16191. PMID: 27581320.

1019: He M, Ouyang L, Wang S, Zheng M, Liu A. Laparoscopy versus mini-laparotomy peritoneal catheter insertion of ventriculoperitoneal shunts: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS1637. PMID: 27581319.

1020: Daou B, Klinge P, Tjoumakaris S, Rosenwasser RH, Jabbour P. Revisiting secondary normal pressure hydrocephalus: does it exist? A review. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16189. PMID: 27581318.

1021: Bir SC, Patra DP, Maiti TK, Sun H, Guthikonda B, Notarianni C, Nanda A. Epidemiology of adult-onset hydrocephalus: institutional experience with 2001 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16188. PMID: 27581317.

1022: Kamenova M, Croci D, Guzman R, Mariani L, Soleman J. Low-dose acetylsalicylic acid and bleeding risks with ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16173. PMID: 27581316.

1023: Isaacs AM, Bezchlibnyk YB, Yong H, Koshy D, Urbaneja G, Hader WJ, Hamilton MG. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for treatment of adult hydrocephalus: long- term follow-up of 163 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16193. PMID: 27581315.

1024: Vakili S, Moran D, Hung A, Elder BD, Jeon L, Fialho H, Sankey EW, Jusué- Torres I, Goodwin CR, Lu J, Robison J, Rigamonti D. Timing of surgical treatment for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: association between treatment delay and reduced short-term benefit. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16146. PMID: 27581314.

1025: Dilmen OK. Letter to the Editor: Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring: an anesthesiologist's point of view. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS16103. PMID: 27581313.

1026: Ho JM, Law HY, Yuen SC, Yam KY. Overshunting-associated myelopathy: report of 2 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16179. PMID: 27581312.

1027: Chankaew E, Srirabheebhat P, Manochiopinig S, Witthiwej T, Benjamin I. Bulbar dysfunction in normal pressure hydrocephalus: a prospective study. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16183. PMID: 27581311.

1028: Schlosser HG, Crawack HJ, Miethke C, Knitter T, Zeiner A, Sprung C. An improved reservoir for the flushing test to diagnose shunt insufficiency. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS15540. PMID: 27581310.

1029: Manjila S, Mencattelli M, Rosa B, Price K, Fagogenis G, Dupont PE. A multiport MR-compatible neuroendoscope: spanning the gap between rigid and flexible scopes. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16181. PMID: 27581309; PMCID: PMC5510667.

1030: Siasios I, Kapsalaki EZ, Fountas KN, Fotiadou A, Dorsch A, Vakharia K, Pollina J, Dimopoulos V. The role of diffusion tensor imaging and fractional anisotropy in the evaluation of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16192. PMID: 27581308.

1031: Keong NC, Pena A, Price SJ, Czosnyka M, Czosnyka Z, Pickard JD. Imaging normal pressure hydrocephalus: theories, techniques, and challenges. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.7.FOCUS16194. PMID: 27581307.

1032: Wilson TJ, McCoy KE, Al-Holou WN, Molina SL, Smyth MD, Sullivan SE. Comparison of the accuracy and proximal shunt failure rate of freehand placement versus intraoperative guidance in parietooccipital ventricular catheter placement. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16159. PMID: 27581306.

1033: Hamilton M, Gruen JP, Luciano MG. Introduction: Adult hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16272. PMID: 27581305.

1034: Sciubba DM, De la Garza Ramos R, Goodwin CR, Abu-Bonsrah N, Bydon A, Witham TF, Bettegowda C, Gokaslan ZL, Wolinsky JP. Clinical, surgical, and molecular prognostic factors for survival after spinal sarcoma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16118. PMID: 27476851.

1035: Samuel N, Tetreault L, Santaguida C, Nater A, Moayeri N, Massicotte EM, Fehlings MG. Clinical and pathological outcomes after resection of intramedullary spinal cord tumors: a single-institution case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16147. PMID: 27476850.

1036: Vasudeva VS, Chi JH, Groff MW. Surgical treatment of aggressive vertebral hemangiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16169. PMID: 27476849.

1037: Maiti TK, Bir SC, Patra DP, Kalakoti P, Guthikonda B, Nanda A. Spinal meningiomas: clinicoradiological factors predicting recurrence and functional outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16163. PMID: 27476848.

1038: Karhade AV, Vasudeva VS, Dasenbrock HH, Lu Y, Gormley WB, Groff MW, Chi JH, Smith TR. Thirty-day readmission and reoperation after surgery for spinal tumors: a National Surgical Quality Improvement Program analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16168. PMID: 27476847.

1039: Galgano MA, Goulart CR, Iwenofu H, Chin LS, Lavelle W, Mendel E. Osteoblastomas of the spine: a comprehensive review. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16122. PMID: 27476846.

1040: Ravindra VM, Eli IM, Schmidt MH, Brockmeyer DL. Primary osseous tumors of the pediatric spinal column: review of pathology and surgical decision making. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16155. PMID: 27476845.

1041: Bakar D, Tanenbaum JE, Phan K, Alentado VJ, Steinmetz MP, Benzel EC, Mroz TE. Decompression surgery for spinal metastases: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16166. PMID: 27476844.

1042: Salame K, Maimon S, Regev GJ, Kimchi TJ, Korn A, Mangel L, Lidar Z. Electrophysiological monitoring during preoperative angiography to guide decisions regarding permanent occlusion of major radicular arteries in patients undergoing total en bloc spondylectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E19. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16140. PMID: 27476843.

1043: Scibilia A, Terranova C, Rizzo V, Raffa G, Morelli A, Esposito F, Mallamace R, Buda G, Conti A, Quartarone A, Germanò A. Intraoperative neurophysiological mapping and monitoring in spinal tumor surgery: sirens or indispensable tools? Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E18. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16141. PMID: 27476842.

1044: Garg V, Kosmas C, Josan ES, Partovi S, Bhojwani N, Fergus N, Young PC, Robbin MR. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous biopsy for vertebral neoplasms: a department's experience and hybrid biopsy technique to improve yield. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E17. doi: 10.3171/2016.4.FOCUS1614. PMID: 27476841.

1045: Ravindra VM, Brock A, Awad AW, Kalra R, Schmidt MH. The role of the mini- open thoracoscopic-assisted approach in the management of metastatic spine disease at the thoracolumbar junction. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16162. PMID: 27476840.

1046: Nasser R, Drazin D, Nakhla J, Al-Khouja L, Brien E, Baron EM, Kim TT, Patrick Johnson J, Yassari R. Resection of spinal column tumors utilizing image- guided navigation: a multicenter analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16136. PMID: 27476839.

1047: Zwagerman NT, McDowell MM, Hamilton RL, Monaco EA 3rd, Flickinger JC, Gerszten PC. Histopathological examination of spine tumors after treatment with radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16119. PMID: 27476838.

1048: Petteys RJ, Spitz SM, Goodwin CR, Abu-Bonsrah N, Bydon A, Witham TF, Wolinsky JP, Gokaslan ZL, Sciubba DM. Factors associated with improved survival following surgery for renal cell carcinoma spinal metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16145. PMID: 27476837.

1049: Zakaria HM, Basheer A, Boyce-Fappiano D, Elibe E, Schultz L, Lee I, Siddiqui F, Griffith B, Chang V. Application of morphometric analysis to patients with lung cancer metastasis to the spine: a clinical study. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16152. PMID: 27476836.

1050: Molina C, Goodwin CR, Abu-Bonsrah N, Elder BD, De la Garza Ramos R, Sciubba DM. Posterior approaches for symptomatic metastatic spinal cord compression. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16129. PMID: 27476835.

1051: Cohen J, Alan N, Zhou J, Kojo Hamilton D. The 100 most cited articles in metastatic spine disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS16158. PMID: 27476834.

1052: Drazin D, Gokaslan ZL, Johnson JP. Introduction: Tumors of the spinal column. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Aug;41(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.6.FOCUS16220. PMID: 27476833.

1053: Ohya J, Vogel TD, Dhall SS, Berven S, Mummaneni PV. Technique and nuances of an S-2 alar iliac screw for lumbosacral fixation in patients with transitional and normal anatomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41 Video Suppl 1:1. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FocusVid.1690. PMID: 27364429.

1054: Pham MH, Jakoi AM, Hsieh PC. Minimally invasive L5-S1 oblique lumbar interbody fusion with anterior plate. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41 Video Suppl 1:1. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FocusVid.1692. PMID: 27364428.

1055: Pham MH, Jakoi AM, Hsieh PC. S-1 and S-2-alar-iliac screw fixation via intraoperative navigation. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41 Video Suppl 1:1. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FocusVid.1693. PMID: 27364427.

1056: Chang PY, Wang MY. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbosacral interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41 Video Suppl 1:1. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FocusVid.1694. PMID: 27364426.

1057: Hsieh PC, Mummaneni PV. Introduction to Lumbosacral and Sacropelvic Fixation Strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41 Video Suppl 1:1. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 27364425.

1058: Gandhoke GS, Ricks C, Tempel Z, Zuckerbraun B, Hamilton DK, Okonkwo DO, Kanter AS. Mini-open anterior lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41 Video Suppl 1:1. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FocusVid.1695. PMID: 27364424.

1059: Vanaclocha-Vanaclocha V, Verdú-López F, Sáiz-Sapena N, Herrera JM, Rivera- Paz M. Biplanar x-ray fluoroscopy for sacroiliac joint fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41 Video Suppl 1:1. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FocusVid.1687. PMID: 27364423.

1060: Chen KS, Park P. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with percutaneous navigated guidewireless lumbosacral pedicle screw fixation. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41 Video Suppl 1:1. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FocusVid.1689. PMID: 27364422.

1061: Bonfield CM, Kondziolka D. Beyond the game: the legacy of Bill Masterton. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FOCUS1558. PMID: 27364262.

1062: Fuhrman HA, Mullin JP, Sloffer CA. Field Marshal Erwin Rommel: the head injury that may have prolonged the Second World War. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.4.FOCUS15486. PMID: 27364261.

1063: Ali R, Connolly ID, Li A, Choudhri OA, Pendharkar AV, Steinberg GK. The strokes that killed Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.4.FOCUS1575. PMID: 27364260.

1064: Pascual JM, Prieto R. Harvey Cushing and pituitary Case Number 3 (Mary D.): the origin of this most baffling problem in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FOCUS1592. PMID: 27364259.

1065: Kline DG. Silas Weir Mitchell and “The Strange Case of George Dedlow”. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.4.FOCUS1573. PMID: 27364258.

1066: Sabourin VM, Holland R, Mau C, Gandhi CD, Prestigiacomo CJ. Head injury in heroes of the Civil War and its lasting influence. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1586. PMID: 27364257.

1067: Belykh E, Malik K, Simoneau I, Yagmurlu K, Lei T, Cavalcanti DD, Byvaltsev VA, Theodore N, Preul MC. Monsters and the case of L. Joseph: André Feil's thesis on the origin of the Klippel-Feil syndrome and a social transformation of medicine. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS15488. PMID: 27364256.

1068: Dowling KA, Goodrich JT. Two cases of 16th century head injuries managed in royal European families. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.4.FOCUS15119. PMID: 27364255.

1069: Gaitanis J. Deep brain stimulation for autism spectrum disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15603. PMID: 27364254.

1070: Lei T, Belykh E, Dru AB, Yagmurlu K, Elhadi AM, Nakaji P, Preul MC. Chen Jingrun, China's famous mathematician: devastated by brain injuries on the doorstep to solving a fundamental mathematical puzzle. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FOCUS1595. PMID: 27364253.

1071: Bonda DJ, Manjila S, Mehndiratta P, Khan F, Miller BR, Onwuzulike K, Puoti G, Cohen ML, Schonberger LB, Cali I. Human prion diseases: surgical lessons learned from iatrogenic prion transmission. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2016.5.FOCUS15126. PMID: 27364252; PMCID: PMC5082740.

1072: Goodrich JT, Preul MC, Sloffer CA. Introduction: (In)famous neurological injuries and disease: cases and events of historical, political, cultural, and scientific impact: Part 2. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jul;41(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.4.FOCUS16182. PMID: 27364251.

1073: Mehdi SK, Alentado VJ, Lee BS, Mroz TE, Benzel EC, Steinmetz MP. Comparison of clinical outcomes in decompression and fusion versus decompression only in patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: a meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1630. PMID: 27246492.

1074: Chen Z, Liu B, Dong J, Feng F, Chen R, Xie P, Zhang L, Rong L. Comparison of anterior corpectomy and fusion versus laminoplasty for the treatment of cervical ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament: a meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS15596. PMID: 27246491.

1075: Abbas SF, Spurgas MP, Szewczyk BS, Yim B, Ata A, German JW. A comparison of minimally invasive posterior cervical decompression and open anterior cervical decompression and instrumented fusion in the surgical management of degenerative cervical myelopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1650. PMID: 27246490.

1076: Furlan JC, Catharine Craven B. Psychometric analysis and critical appraisal of the original, revised, and modified versions of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association score in the assessment of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1648. PMID: 27246489.

1077: Nouri A, Martin AR, Mikulis D, Fehlings MG. Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of degenerative cervical myelopathy: a review of structural changes and measurement techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1667. PMID: 27246488.

1078: Chen LF, Tu TH, Chen YC, Wu JC, Chang PY, Liu L, Huang WC, Lo SS, Cheng H. Risk of spinal cord injury in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy and ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament: a national cohort study. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1663. PMID: 27246487.

1079: Bhagavatula ID, Bhat DI, Sasidharan GM, Mishra RK, Maste PS, Vilanilam GC, Sathyaprabha TN. Subclinical respiratory dysfunction in chronic cervical cord compression: a pulmonary function test correlation. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1647. PMID: 27246486.

1080: Bhagavatula ID, Shukla D, Sadashiva N, Saligoudar P, Prasad C, Bhat DI. Functional cortical reorganization in cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy and changes associated with surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1635. PMID: 27246485.

1081: Tetreault L, Wilson JR, Kotter MR, Nouri A, Côté P, Kopjar B, Arnold PM, Fehlings MG. Predicting the minimum clinically important difference in patients undergoing surgery for the treatment of degenerative cervical myelopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1665. PMID: 27246484.

1082: Madhavan K, Chieng LO, Foong H, Wang MY. Surgical outcomes of elderly patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy: a meta-analysis of studies reporting on 2868 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1657. PMID: 27246483.

1083: Vedantam A, Rajshekhar V. Clinical adjacent-segment pathology after central corpectomy for cervical spondylotic myelopathy: incidence and risk factors. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FOCUS1626. PMID: 27246482.

1084: Veeravagu A, Connolly ID, Lamsam L, Li A, Swinney C, Azad TD, Desai A, Ratliff JK. Surgical outcomes of cervical spondylotic myelopathy: an analysis of a national, administrative, longitudinal database. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1669. PMID: 27246481.

1085: Sarkar S, Nair BR, Rajshekhar V. Complications following central corpectomy in 468 consecutive patients with degenerative cervical spine disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS1638. PMID: 27246480.

1086: Fehlings MG, Tetreault L, Hsieh PC, Traynelis V, Wang MY. Introduction: Degenerative cervical myelopathy: diagnostic, assessment, and management strategies, surgical complications, and outcome prediction. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jun;40(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS16111. PMID: 27246479.

1087: Sefcik RK, Opie NL, John SE, Kellner CP, Mocco J, Oxley TJ. The evolution of endovascular electroencephalography: historical perspective and future applications. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 May;40(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS15635. PMID: 27132528.

1088: Pendharkar AV, Levy SL, Ho AL, Sussman ES, Cheng MY, Steinberg GK. Optogenetic modulation in stroke recovery. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 May;40(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FOCUS163. PMID: 27132527.

1089: Bick SK, Eskandar EN. Neuromodulation for restoring memory. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 May;40(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS162. PMID: 27132526.

1090: Bir SC, Konar S, Maiti T, Nanda A, Guthikonda B. Neuromodulation in intractable pain management: outcomes and predictors of revisions of spinal cord stimulators. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 May;40(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.3.FOCUS15634. PMID: 27132525.

1091: Burns TC, Awad AJ, Li MD, Grant GA. Radiation-induced brain injury: low- hanging fruit for neuroregeneration. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 May;40(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FOCUS161. PMID: 27132524.

1092: Azad TD, Veeravagu A, Steinberg GK. Neurorestoration after stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 May;40(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FOCUS15637. PMID: 27132523; PMCID: PMC4916840.

1093: Liu CY, Lee B, Boulis N, Rezai AR. Introduction: Neurorestoration: re- animating the CNS. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 May;40(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FOCUS1688. PMID: 27132522.

1094: Spektor S, Moscovici S, Umansky F. Response. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40(1):E8. PMID: 27108461.

1095: Zuckerman SL, Prather CT, Yengo-Kahn AM, Solomon GS, Sills AK, Bonfield CM. Sport-related structural brain injury associated with arachnoid cysts: a systematic review and quantitative analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15608. PMID: 27032926.

1096: Ellis MJ, McDonald PJ, Cordingley D, Mansouri B, Essig M, Ritchie L. Retirement-from-sport considerations following pediatric sports-related concussion: case illustrations and institutional approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15600. PMID: 27032925.

1097: Sussman ES, Ho AL, Pendharkar AV, Ghajar J. Clinical evaluation of concussion: the evolving role of oculomotor assessments. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15610. PMID: 27032924.

1098: Yengo-Kahn AM, Hale AT, Zalneraitis BH, Zuckerman SL, Sills AK, Solomon GS. The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15611. PMID: 27032923.

1099: Hobbs JG, Young JS, Bailes JE. Sports-related concussions: diagnosis, complications, and current management strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15617. PMID: 27032922.

1100: Winkler EA, Yue JK, Burke JF, Chan AK, Dhall SS, Berger MS, Manley GT, Tarapore PE. Adult sports-related traumatic brain injury in United States trauma centers. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15613. PMID: 27032921.

1101: Yue JK, Winkler EA, Burke JF, Chan AK, Dhall SS, Berger MS, Manley GT, Tarapore PE. Pediatric sports-related traumatic brain injury in United States trauma centers. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15612. PMID: 27032920.

1102: Ban VS, Bailes JE, Berger MS, Vaccaro AR, Hunt Batjer H. Introduction: Sports injuries: diagnosis and management strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS1633. PMID: 27032919.

1103: Ban VS, Madden CJ, Bailes JE, Hunt Batjer H, Lonser RR. The science and questions surrounding chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FOCUS15609. PMID: 27032918.

1104: Pan J, Connolly ID, Dangelmajer S, Kintzing J, Ho AL, Grant G. Sports- related brain injuries: connecting pathology to diagnosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15607. PMID: 27032917.

1105: Zuckerman SL, Yengo-Kahn AM, Buckley TA, Solomon GS, Sills AK, Kerr ZY. Predictors of postconcussion syndrome in collegiate student-athletes. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15593. PMID: 27032916.

1106: Menger R, Menger A, Nanda A. Rugby headgear and concussion prevention: misconceptions could increase aggressive play. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15615. PMID: 27032915.

1107: Tripathi M, Shukla DP, Bhat DI, Bhagavatula ID, Mishra T. Craniofacial injuries in professional cricket: no more a red herring. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.2.FOCUS15341. PMID: 27032914.

1108: Joaquim AF, Hsu WK, Patel AA. Cervical spine surgery in professional athletes: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15560. PMID: 27032913.

1109: Rutka JT. Editorial: Neurosurgical Focus: first among equals in online, freely accessible journals. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Apr;40(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS1615. PMID: 27032912.

1110: Hollon T, Lewis S, Freudiger CW, Sunney Xie X, Orringer DA. Improving the accuracy of brain tumor surgery via Raman-based technology. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15557. PMID: 26926067; PMCID: PMC4992579.

1111: Valdés PA, Roberts DW, Lu FK, Golby A. Optical technologies for intraoperative neurosurgical guidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15550. PMID: 26926066; PMCID: PMC4860344.

1112: Prada F, Bene MD, Fornaro R, Vetrano IG, Martegani A, Aiani L, Sconfienza LM, Mauri G, Solbiati L, Pollo B, DiMeco F. Identification of residual tumor with intraoperative contrast-enhanced ultrasound during glioblastoma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15573. PMID: 26926065.

1113: Lekht I, Brauner N, Bakhsheshian J, Chang KE, Gulati M, Shiroishi MS, Grant EG, Christian E, Zada G. Versatile utilization of real-time intraoperative contrast-enhanced ultrasound in cranial neurosurgery: technical note and retrospective case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15570. PMID: 26926064; PMCID: PMC5101076.

1114: Moiyadi AV, Shetty P. Direct navigated 3D ultrasound for resection of brain tumors: a useful tool for intraoperative image guidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15529. PMID: 26926063.

1115: Scherer M, Jungk C, Younsi A, Kickingereder P, Müller S, Unterberg A. Factors triggering an additional resection and determining residual tumor volume on intraoperative MRI: analysis from a prospective single-center registry of supratentorial gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15542. PMID: 26926062.

1116: Fahlbusch R, Samii A. Intraoperative MRI. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15631. PMID: 26926061.

1117: Selbekk T, Solheim O, Unsgård G. Ultrasound-guided neurosurgery: experiences from 20 years of cross-disciplinary research in Trondheim, Norway. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15582. PMID: 26926060.

1118: Darcey TM, Kobylarz EJ, Pearl MA, Krauss PJ, Ferri SA, Roberts DW, Bauer DF. Safe use of subdermal needles for intraoperative monitoring with MRI. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E19. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15555. PMID: 26926059.

1119: Zaidi HA, De Los Reyes K, Barkhoudarian G, Litvack ZN, Bi WL, Rincon- Torroella J, Mukundan S Jr, Dunn IF, Laws ER Jr. The utility of high-resolution intraoperative MRI in endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary macroadenomas: early experience in the Advanced Multimodality Image Guided Operating suite. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E18. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15515. PMID: 26926058; PMCID: PMC4992957.

1120: Serra C, Burkhardt JK, Esposito G, Bozinov O, Pangalu A, Valavanis A, Holzmann D, Schmid C, Regli L. Pituitary surgery and volumetric assessment of extent of resection: a paradigm shift in the use of intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15564. PMID: 26926057.

1121: Sacino MF, Ho CY, Murnick J, Keating RF, Gaillard WD, Oluigbo CO. The role of intraoperative MRI in resective epilepsy surgery for peri-eloquent cortex cortical dysplasias and heterotopias in pediatric patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15538. PMID: 26926056.

1122: Roessler K, Hofmann A, Sommer B, Grummich P, Coras R, Kasper BS, Hamer HM, Blumcke I, Stefan H, Nimsky C, Buchfelder M. Resective surgery for medically refractory epilepsy using intraoperative MRI and functional neuronavigation: the Erlangen experience of 415 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15554. PMID: 26926055.

1123: Ghinda D, Zhang N, Lu J, Yao CJ, Yuan S, Wu JS. Contribution of combined intraoperative electrophysiological investigation with 3-T intraoperative MRI for awake cerebral glioma surgery: comprehensive review of the clinical implications and radiological outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15572. PMID: 26926054.

1124: Roder C, Breitkopf M, Ms, Bisdas S, Freitas Rda S, Dimostheni A, Ebinger M, Wolff M, Tatagiba M, Schuhmann MU. Beneficial impact of high-field intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging on the efficacy of pediatric low-grade glioma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15530. PMID: 26926053.

1125: Yim B, Reid Gooch M, Dalfino JC, Adamo MA, Kenning TJ. Optimizing ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension: an analysis of neuroendoscopy, frameless stereotaxy, and intraoperative CT. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15583. PMID: 26926052.

1126: Martirosyan NL, Eschbacher JM, Kalani MY, Turner JD, Belykh E, Spetzler RF, Nakaji P, Preul MC. Prospective evaluation of the utility of intraoperative confocal laser endomicroscopy in patients with brain neoplasms using fluorescein sodium: experience with 74 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS15559. PMID: 26926051.

1127: Takai K, Kurita H, Hara T, Kawai K, Taniguchi M. Influence of indocyanine green angiography on microsurgical treatment of spinal perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.12.FOCUS15574. PMID: 26926050.

1128: Fahlbusch R, Golby A, Prada F, Zada G. Utility of intraoperative imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Mar;40(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FOCUS1610. PMID: 26926049.

1129: Telfeian AE, Jasper GP, Oyelese AA, Gokaslan ZL. Technical considerations in transforaminal endoscopic spine surgery at the thoracolumbar junction: report of 3 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15372. PMID: 26828890.

1130: Wagner R, Iprenburg M, Telfeian AE. Transforaminal endoscopic decompression of a postoperative dislocated bone fragment after a 2-level lumbar total disc replacement: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15492. PMID: 26828889.

1131: Iprenburg M, Wagner R, Godschalx A, Telfeian AE. Patient radiation exposure during transforaminal lumbar endoscopic spine surgery: a prospective study. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15485. PMID: 26828888.

1132: Madhavan K, Chieng LO, McGrath L, Hofstetter CP, Wang MY. Early experience with endoscopic foraminotomy in patients with moderate degenerative deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15511. PMID: 26828887.

1133: Ohya J, Oshima Y, Chikuda H, Oichi T, Matsui H, Fushimi K, Tanaka S, Yasunaga H. Does the microendoscopic technique reduce mortality and major complications in patients undergoing lumbar discectomy? A propensity score- matched analysis using a nationwide administrative database. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15479. PMID: 26828886.

1134: Madhavan K, Chieng LO, Hofstetter CP, Wang MY. Transforaminal endoscopic discectomy to relieve sciatica and delay fusion in a 31-year-old man with pars defects and low-grade spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15512. PMID: 26828885.

1135: Gadjradj PS, van Tulder MW, Dirven CM, Peul WC, Harhangi BS. Clinical outcomes after percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy for lumbar disc herniation: a prospective case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15484. PMID: 26828884.

1136: Telfeian AE, Veeravagu A, Oyelese AA, Gokaslan ZL. A brief history of endoscopic spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15429. PMID: 26828883.

1137: Wang MY, Grossman J. Endoscopic minimally invasive transforaminal interbody fusion without general anesthesia: initial clinical experience with 1-year follow-up. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15435. PMID: 26828882.

1138: Hardenbrook M, Lombardo S, Wilson MC, Telfeian AE. The anatomic rationale for transforaminal endoscopic interbody fusion: a cadaveric analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15389. PMID: 26828881.

1139: Chan AK, Benet A, Ohya J, Zhang X, Vogel TD, Flis DW, El-Sayed IH, Mummaneni PV. The endoscopic transoral approach to the craniovertebral junction: an anatomical study with a clinical example. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15498. PMID: 26828880.

1140: McGrath LB Jr, Madhavan K, Chieng LO, Wang MY, Hofstetter CP. Early experience with endoscopic revision of lumbar spinal fusions. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15503. PMID: 26828879.

1141: Gokaslan ZL, Telfeian AE, Wang MY. Introduction: Endoscopic spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Feb;40(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.11.FOCUS15597. PMID: 26828878.

1142: Weil AG, Robert T, Alsaiari S, Obaid S, Bojanowski MW. Using the trans- lamina terminalis route via a pterional approach to resect a retrochiasmatic craniopharyngioma involving the third ventricle. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15440. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15440. PMID: 26722696.

1143: Meyer FB, Bruce JN. Introduction to Microsurgery of the Third Ventricle, Pineal Region, and Tentorial Incisura. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.Intro. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 26722695.

1144: Kalani MY, Martirosyan NL, Nakaji P, Spetzler RF. The supracerebellar infratentorial approach to the dorsal midbrain. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15462. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15462. PMID: 26722694.

1145: Martirosyan NL, Kalani MY, Nakaji P, Spetzler RF. The anterior interhemispheric approach to a third ventricular cavernous malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15461. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15461. PMID: 26722693.

1146: Liu JK. Endoscopic-assisted interhemispheric parieto-occipital transtentorial approach for microsurgical resection of a pineal region tumor: operative video and technical nuances. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15450. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15450. PMID: 26722692.

1147: Choudhri O, Lawton MT. Microsurgical resection of ambient cistern arteriovenous malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15414. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15414. PMID: 26722691.

1148: Hendricks BK, Cohen-Gadol AA. Resection of large recurrent third ventricular epidermoid tumors through the posterior interhemispheric transcallosal approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15466. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15466. PMID: 26722690.

1149: Nanda A, Konar S, Kalakoti P, Maiti T. Microsurgical decompression of tumor of a rare posterior third ventricular pathology. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15470. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15470. PMID: 26722689.

1150: Liu JK, Cohen MA. Endoscopic-assisted posterior interhemispheric retrocallosal transfalcine approach for microsurgical resection of a pineal region falcotentorial meningioma: operative video and technical nuances. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15453. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15453. PMID: 26722688.

1151: Rustemi O, Scienza R, Della Puppa A. ICG-VA application in subtemporal transtentorial treatment of a Cognard V dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15423. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15423. PMID: 26722687.

1152: Liu JK. Combined bi-occipital suboccipital transsinus transtentorial approach for resection of a pineal region falcotentorial meningioma: operative video and technical nuances. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15452. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15452. PMID: 26722686.

1153: Kalani MY, Lei T, Martirosyan NL, Oppenlander ME, Spetzler RF, Nakaji P. Endoscope-assisted supracerebellar transtentorial approach to the posterior medial temporal lobe for resection of cavernous malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15465. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15465. PMID: 26722685.

1154: Nakao N. Retractorless surgery for a pineal region tumor through an occipital transtentorial approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15412. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15412. PMID: 26722684.

1155: Robert T, Weil AG, Obaid S, Al-Jehani H, Bojanowski MW. Supracerebellar transtentorial removal of a large tentorial tumor. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15445. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15445. PMID: 26722683.

1156: Ito Y, Inoue T, Tamura A, Tsutsumi K. Interhemispheric transchoroidal approach to resect third ventricular teratoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15401. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15401. PMID: 26722682.

1157: Swanson KI, Cikla U, Uluc K, Baskaya MK. Supracerebellar transtentorial approach to the tentorial incisura and beyond. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15444. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15444. PMID: 26722681.

1158: Choudhri O, Steinberg GK. Microsurgical treatment of a tentorial galenic dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15420. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15420. PMID: 26722680.

1159: Choudhri O, Chang SD. Supracerebellar infratentorial sitting craniotomy for a pinealoblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15417. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15417. PMID: 26722679.

1160: Choudhri O, Chang SD. Subfrontal trans-lamina terminalis approach to a third ventricular craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15416. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15416. PMID: 26722678.

1161: Liyong S, Bao Y, Liang J, Li M, Ren J. Posterior interhemispheric transtentorial approach for resection of a meningioma at the posteromedial tentorial incisura. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15428. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15428. PMID: 26722677.

1162: Nanda A, Konar S, Kalakoti P, Maiti T. Posterior interhemispheric approach and microsurgical resection of a pineal parenchymal neoplasm of intermediate differentiation. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40 Video Suppl 1:2016.1.FocusVid.15439. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.FocusVid.15439. PMID: 26722676.

1163: Beer-Furlan A, Ikeda DS, Lonser RR, Prevedello DM. Letter to the Editor: Far-lateral approach with the “transverse-S” skin incision and conservative muscle dissection: a pragmatic surgical route. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15480. PMID: 26721582.

1164: Lee CH, Jahng TA, Hyun SJ, Kim CH, Park SB, Kim KJ, Chung CK, Kim HJ, Lee SE. Dynamic stabilization using the Dynesys system versus posterior lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal disease: a clinical and radiological outcomes-based meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15426. PMID: 26721581.

1165: Lee SE, Jahng TA, Kim HJ. Facet joint changes after application of lumbar nonfusion dynamic stabilization. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15456. PMID: 26721580.

1166: Mashaly H, Paschel EE, Khattar NK, Goldschmidt E, Gerszten PC. Posterior lumbar dynamic stabilization instead of arthrodesis for symptomatic adjacent- segment degenerative stenosis: description of a novel technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15413. PMID: 26721579.

1167: Fay LY, Chang PY, Wu JC, Huang WC, Wang CH, Tsai TY, Tu TH, Chang HK, Wu CL, Cheng H. Dynesys dynamic stabilization-related facet arthrodesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15404. PMID: 26721578.

1168: Kuo CH, Chang PY, Wu JC, Chang HK, Fay LY, Tu TH, Cheng H, Huang WC. Dynamic stabilization for L4-5 spondylolisthesis: comparison with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with more than 2 years of follow-up. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15441. PMID: 26721577.

1169: Pham MH, Mehta VA, Patel NN, Jakoi AM, Hsieh PC, Liu JC, Wang JC, Acosta FL. Complications associated with the Dynesys dynamic stabilization system: a comprehensive review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15432. PMID: 26721576.

1170: Ames C, Traynelis VC, Vaccaro AR. Introduction. Dynamic stabilization of the spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan;40(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15539. PMID: 26721575.

1171: Yu Z, Yu S, Liu R. Letter to the Editor: Bow hunter's syndrome: surgery or conservative therapy? Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Nov;39(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15331. PMID: 26646930.

1172: Burkhardt T, Lüdecke D, Spies L, Wittmann L, Westphal M, Flitsch J. Hippocampal and cerebellar atrophy in patients with Cushing's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Nov;39(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.8.FOCUS15324. PMID: 26646929.

1173: Ali R, Goubran M, Choudhri O, Zeineh MM. Seven-Tesla MRI and neuroimaging biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Nov;39(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15326. PMID: 26646928.

1174: Maiti TK, Konar S, Bir S, Kalakoti P, Bollam P, Nanda A. Role of apolipoprotein E polymorphism as a prognostic marker in traumatic brain injury and neurodegenerative disease: a critical review. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Nov;39(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.8.FOCUS15329. PMID: 26646927.

1175: Manix M, Kalakoti P, Henry M, Thakur J, Menger R, Guthikonda B, Nanda A. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: updated diagnostic criteria, treatment algorithm, and the utility of brain biopsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Nov;39(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.8.FOCUS15328. PMID: 26646926.

1176: Law M, Wintermark M, Liu C, Van Horn JD. Introduction: Neuroimaging of degenerative and traumatic encephalopathies. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Nov;39(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.8.FOCUS15424. PMID: 26646925.

1177: McGirt MJ, Godil SS, Asher AL, Parker SL, Devin CJ. Quality analysis of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion in the outpatient versus inpatient setting: analysis of 7288 patients from the NSQIP database. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15335. PMID: 26621423.

1178: Chotai S, Parker SL, Sivaganesan A, Sielatycki JA, Asher AL, McGirt MJ, Devin CJ. Effect of complications within 90 days on patient-reported outcomes 3 months and 12 months following elective surgery for lumbar degenerative disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.8.FOCUS15302. PMID: 26621422.

1179: Chang V, Schwalb JM, Nerenz DR, Pietrantoni L, Jones S, Jankowski M, Oja- Tebbe N, Bartol S, Abdulhak M. The Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative: a statewide Collaborative Quality Initiative. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15370. PMID: 26621421.

1180: Wong RH, Smieliauskas F, Pan IW, Lam SK. Interrupted time-series analysis: studying trends in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15374. PMID: 26621420.

1181: Menger RP, Guthikonda B, Storey CM, Nanda A, McGirt M, Asher A. Neurosurgery value and quality in the context of the Affordable Care Act: a policy perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15376. PMID: 26621419.

1182: Parker SL, McGirt MJ, Bekelis K, Holland CM, Davies J, Devin CJ, Atkins T, Knightly J, Groman R, Zyung I, Asher AL. The National Neurosurgery Quality and Outcomes Database Qualified Clinical Data Registry: 2015 measure specifications and rationale. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15355. PMID: 26621418.

1183: Bekelis K, McGirt MJ, Parker SL, Holland CM, Davies J, Devin CJ, Atkins T, Knightly J, Groman R, Zyung I, Asher AL. The present and future of quality measures and public reporting in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.8.FOCUS15354. PMID: 26621417.

1184: Holland CM, Foley KT, Asher AL. Editorial. Can big data bridge the chasm? Issues, opportunities, and strategies for the evolving value-based health care environment. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15497. PMID: 26621416.

1185: Parker SL, Asher AL, Godil SS, Devin CJ, McGirt MJ. Patient-reported outcomes 3 months after spine surgery: is it an accurate predictor of 12-month outcome in real-world registry platforms? Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15356. PMID: 26621415.

1186: Pittman CA, Miranpuri AS. Neurosurgery clinical registry data collection utilizing Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside and electronic health records at the University of Rochester. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15382. PMID: 26621414.

1187: Morr S, Shakir HJ, Lipinski LJ, Dimopoulos VG, Leonardo J, Pollina J. Patient variables and referral paradigms associated with osteoporosis screening and treatment in neurosurgical patients undergoing kyphoplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15375. PMID: 26621413.

1188: Ferroli P, Broggi M, Schiavolin S, Acerbi F, Bettamio V, Caldiroli D, Cusin A, La Corte E, Leonardi M, Raggi A, Schiariti M, Visintini S, Franzini A, Broggi G. Predicting functional impairment in brain tumor surgery: the Big Five and the Milan Complexity Scale. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15339. PMID: 26621412.

1189: McGirt MJ, Sivaganesan A, Asher AL, Devin CJ. Prediction model for outcome after low-back surgery: individualized likelihood of complication, hospital readmission, return to work, and 12-month improvement in functional disability. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2015.8.FOCUS15338. PMID: 26621411.

1190: Dasenbrock HH, Liu KX, Devine CA, Chavakula V, Smith TR, Gormley WB, Dunn IF. Length of hospital stay after craniotomy for tumor: a National Surgical Quality Improvement Program analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2015.10.FOCUS15386. PMID: 26621410.

1191: Lin Y, Pan IW, Mayer RR, Lam S. Complications after craniosynostosis surgery: comparison of the 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database and Pediatric NSQIP Database. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15383. PMID: 26621409.

1192: Pan IW, Kuo GM, Luerssen TG, Lam SK. Impact of antibiotic prophylaxis for intrathecal baclofen pump surgery in pediatric patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15385. PMID: 26621408.

1193: Asher AL, McGirt MJ, Ghogawala Z. Introduction: Defining, measuring, and predicting quality in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Dec;39(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.FOCUS15502. PMID: 26621407.

1194: Guha D, Heary RF, Shamji MF. Iatrogenic spondylolisthesis following laminectomy for degenerative lumbar stenosis: systematic review and current concepts. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15259. PMID: 26424349.

1195: Ghobrial GM, Theofanis T, Darden BV, Arnold P, Fehlings MG, Harrop JS. Unintended durotomy in lumbar degenerative spinal surgery: a 10-year systematic review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15266. PMID: 26424348.

1196: Bernatz JT, Anderson PA. Thirty-day readmission rates in spine surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS1534. PMID: 26424347.

1197: Shriver MF, Xie JJ, Tye EY, Rosenbaum BP, Kshettry VR, Benzel EC, Mroz TE. Lumbar microdiscectomy complication rates: a systematic review and meta- analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15281. PMID: 26424346.

1198: Zakaria HM, Schultz L, Mossa-Basha F, Griffith B, Chang V. Morphometrics as a predictor of perioperative morbidity after lumbar spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15257. PMID: 26424345.

1199: Joseph JR, Smith BW, La Marca F, Park P. Comparison of complication rates of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and lateral lumbar interbody fusion: a systematic review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15278. PMID: 26424344.

1200: Wang MY, Widi G, Levi AD. The safety profile of lumbar spinal surgery in elderly patients 85 years and older. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15180. PMID: 26424343.

1201: Winkler EA, Yue JK, Birk H, Robinson CK, Manley GT, Dhall SS, Tarapore PE. Perioperative morbidity and mortality after lumbar trauma in the elderly. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15270. PMID: 26424342.

1202: Chieng LO, Hubbard Z, Salgado CJ, Levi AD, Chim H. Reconstruction of open wounds as a complication of spinal surgery with flaps: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15245. PMID: 26424341.

1203: Shriver MF, Zeer V, Alentado VJ, Mroz TE, Benzel EC, Steinmetz MP. Lumbar spine surgery positioning complications: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15268. PMID: 26424340.

1204: Shamji MF, Westwick HJ, Heary RF. Complications related to the use of spinal cord stimulation for managing persistent postoperative neuropathic pain after lumbar spinal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15260. PMID: 26424339.

1205: Gazzeri R, Galarza M, Neroni M, Fiore C, Faiola A, Puzzilli F, Callovini G, Alfieri A. Failure rates and complications of interspinous process decompression devices: a European multicenter study. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15244. PMID: 26424338.

1206: Savage JW, Kelly MP, Ellison SA, Anderson PA. A population-based review of bone morphogenetic protein: associated complication and reoperation rates after lumbar spinal fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15240. PMID: 26424337.

1207: Akinduro OO, Miller BA, Haussen DC, Pradilla G, Ahmad FU. Complications of intraoperative epidural steroid use in lumbar discectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15269. PMID: 26424336.

1208: Ghobrial GM, Cadotte DW, Williams K Jr, Fehlings MG, Harrop JS. Complications from the use of intrawound vancomycin in lumbar spinal surgery: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15258. PMID: 26424335.

1209: Chun DS, Baker KC, Hsu WK. Lumbar pseudarthrosis: a review of current diagnosis and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15292. PMID: 26424334.

1210: Arnold PM, Anderson PA, Heary RF. Introduction: Complications of lumbar spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Oct;39(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15362. PMID: 26424333.

1211: Boyer RB, Kelm ND, Riley DC, Sexton KW, Pollins AC, Shack RB, Dortch RD, Nanney LB, Does MD, Thayer WP. 4.7-T diffusion tensor imaging of acute traumatic peripheral nerve injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS1590. PMID: 26323827; PMCID: PMC4786003.

1212: Reddy CG, Amrami KK, Howe BM, Spinner RJ. Combined common peroneal and tibial nerve injury after knee dislocation: one injury or two? An MRI-clinical correlation. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15125. PMID: 26323826.

1213: Magill ST, Brus-Ramer M, Weinstein PR, Chin CT, Jacques L. Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome: current diagnostic criteria and advances in MRI diagnostics. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15219. PMID: 26323825.

1214: Tas S, Staub F, Dombert T, Marquardt G, Senft C, Seifert V, Duetzmann S. Sonographic short-term follow-up after surgical decompression of the median nerve at the carpal tunnel: a single-center prospective observational study. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15216. PMID: 26323824.

1215: Pedro MT, Antoniadis G, Scheuerle A, Pham M, Wirtz CR, Koenig RW. Intraoperative high-resolution ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound of peripheral nerve tumors and tumorlike lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15218. PMID: 26323823.

1216: Haldeman CL, Baggott CD, Hanna AS. Intraoperative ultrasound-assisted peripheral nerve surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15232. PMID: 26323822.

1217: Zeidenberg J, Burks SS, Jose J, Subhawong TK, Levi AD. The utility of ultrasound in the assessment of traumatic peripheral nerve lesions: report of 4 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15214. PMID: 26323821.

1218: Osorio JA, Breshears JD, Arnaout O, Simon NG, Hastings-Robinson AM, Aleshi P, Kliot M. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous injection of methylene blue to identify nerve pathology and guide surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15220. PMID: 26323820.

1219: Schmidt M, Kasprian G, Amann G, Duscher D, Aszmann OC. Diffusion tensor tractography for the surgical management of peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15228. PMID: 26323819.

1220: Cage TA, Yuh EL, Hou SW, Birk H, Simon NG, Noss R, Rao A, Chin CT, Kliot M. Visualization of nerve fibers and their relationship to peripheral nerve tumors by diffusion tensor imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15235. PMID: 26323818.

1221: Siquara de Sousa AC, Capek S, Howe BM, Jentoft ME, Amrami KK, Spinner RJ. Magnetic resonance imaging evidence for perineural spread of endometriosis to the lumbosacral plexus: report of 2 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15208. PMID: 26323817.

1222: Capek S, Howe BM, Amrami KK, Spinner RJ. Perineural spread of pelvic malignancies to the lumbosacral plexus and beyond: clinical and imaging patterns. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FOCUS15209. PMID: 26323816.

1223: Restrepo CE, Amrami KK, Howe BM, Dyck PJ, Mauermann ML, Spinner RJ. The almost-invisible perineurioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15225. PMID: 26323815.

1224: Capek S, Amrami KK, Dyck PJ, Spinner RJ. Targeted fascicular biopsy of the sciatic nerve and its major branches: rationale and operative technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15213. PMID: 26323814.

1225: Prasad NK, Spinner RJ, Smith J, Howe BM, Amrami KK, Iannotti JP, Dahm DL. The successful arthroscopic treatment of suprascapular intraneural ganglion cysts. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15201. PMID: 26323813.

1226: Gallagher TA, Simon NG, Kliot M. Diffusion tensor imaging to visualize axons in the setting of nerve injury and recovery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15211. PMID: 26323812.

1227: Amrami KK, Kliot M, Malessy MJ, Spinner RJ. Introduction: Imaging of peripheral nerves. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Sep;39(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.6.FOCUS15314. PMID: 26323811.

1228: Turel MK, D'Souza WP, Rajshekhar V. Hemilaminectomy approach for intradural extramedullary spinal tumors: an analysis of 164 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15170. PMID: 26235026.

1229: Abdulaziz M, Mallory GW, Bydon M, De la Garza Ramos R, Ellis JA, Laack NN, Marsh WR, Krauss WE, Jallo G, Gokaslan ZL, Clarke MJ. Outcomes following myxopapillary ependymoma resection: the importance of capsule integrity. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15164. PMID: 26235025.

1230: Klekamp J. Spinal ependymomas. Part 2: Ependymomas of the filum terminale. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15151. PMID: 26235024.

1231: Klekamp J. Spinal ependymomas. Part 1: Intramedullary ependymomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15161. PMID: 26235023.

1232: Safaee M, Parsa AT, Barbaro NM, Chou D, Mummaneni PV, Weinstein PR, Tihan T, Ames CP. Association of tumor location, extent of resection, and neurofibromatosis status with clinical outcomes for 221 spinal nerve sheath tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15183. PMID: 26235022.

1233: Kalakoti P, Missios S, Menger R, Kukreja S, Konar S, Nanda A. Association of risk factors with unfavorable outcomes after resection of adult benign intradural spine tumors and the effect of hospital volume on outcomes: an analysis of 18, 297 patients across 774 US hospitals using the National Inpatient Sample (2002-2011). Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15157. PMID: 26235021.

1234: Karsy M, Guan J, Sivakumar W, Neil JA, Schmidt MH, Mahan MA. The genetic basis of intradural spinal tumors and its impact on clinical treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15143. PMID: 26235020.

1235: Smith KA, Salacz M, Camarata PJ. Letter to the Editor: Stereotactic laser ablation of high-grade gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E20. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1566. PMID: 26235019.

1236: Bellut D, Burkhardt JK, Mannion AF, Porchet F. Assessment of outcome in patients undergoing surgery for intradural spinal tumor using the multidimensional patient-rated Core Outcome Measures Index and the modified McCormick Scale. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15163. PMID: 26235018.

1237: Reitz M, Burkhardt T, Vettorazzi E, Raimund F, Fritzsche E, Schmidt NO, Regelsberger J, Westphal M, Eicker SO. Intramedullary spinal cavernoma: clinical presentation, microsurgical approach, and long-term outcome in a cohort of 48 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E19. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15153. PMID: 26235017.

1238: Joaquim AF, Ghizoni E, dos Santos MJ, Valadares MG, da Silva FS, Tedeschi H. Intramedullary hemangioblastomas: surgical results in 16 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E18. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15171. PMID: 26235016.

1239: Vetrano IG, Prada F, Nataloni IF, Bene MD, Dimeco F, Valentini LG. Discrete or diffuse intramedullary tumor? Contrast-enhanced intraoperative ultrasound in a case of intramedullary cervicothoracic hemangioblastomas mimicking a diffuse infiltrative glioma: technical note and case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E17. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15162. PMID: 26235015.

1240: dos Santos MP, Zhang J, Ghinda D, Glikstein R, Agid R, Rodesch G, Tampieri D, terBrugge KG. Imaging diagnosis and the role of endovascular embolization treatment for vascular intraspinal tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS1514. PMID: 26235014.

1241: Payer S, Mende KC, Westphal M, Eicker SO. Intramedullary spinal cord metastases: an increasingly common diagnosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15149. PMID: 26235013.

1242: Tobin MK, Geraghty JR, Engelhard HH, Linninger AA, Mehta AI. Intramedullary spinal cord tumors: a review of current and future treatment strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15158. PMID: 26235012.

1243: Joaquim AF, Riew KD. Management of cervical spine deformity after intradural tumor resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15134. PMID: 26235011.

1244: Raygor KP, Than KD, Chou D, Mummaneni PV. Comparison of minimally invasive transspinous and open approaches for thoracolumbar intradural-extramedullary spinal tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15187. PMID: 26235010.

1245: Wong AP, Lall RR, Dahdaleh NS, Lawton CD, Smith ZA, Wong RH, Harvey MJ, Lam S, Koski TR, Fessler RG. Comparison of open and minimally invasive surgery for intradural-extramedullary spine tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15129. PMID: 26235009.

1246: Zhu YJ, Ying GY, Chen AQ, Wang LL, Yu DF, Zhu LL, Ren YC, Wang C, Wu PC, Yao Y, Shen F, Zhang JM. Minimally invasive removal of lumbar intradural extramedullary lesions using the interlaminar approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15182. PMID: 26235008.

1247: Drazin D, Gokaslan ZL, Mendel E, Johnson JP. Introduction: Intradural spinal tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Aug;39(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.5.FOCUS15254. PMID: 26235007.

1248: McLaughlin N, Martin NA, Upadhyaya P, Bari AA, Buxey F, Wang MB, Heaney AP, Bergsneider M. Assessing the cost of contemporary pituitary care. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14445. PMID: 26223274.

1249: Zygourakis CC, Oh T, Sun MZ, Barani I, Kahn JG, Parsa AT. Surgery is cost- effective treatment for young patients with vestibular schwannomas: decision tree modeling of surgery, radiation, and observation. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14435. PMID: 26218621.

1250: Caplan JM, Sankey E, Gullotti D, Wang J, Westbroek E, Hwang B, Huang J. Contralateral approach for clipping of bilateral anterior circulation aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V9. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14599. PMID: 26132626.

1251: Arko L, Quach E, Sukul V, Desai A, Gassie K, Erkmen K. Cranio-orbito- zygomatic approach for a previously coiled/recurrent giant MCA aneurysm in a hybrid angio/OR suite. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V8. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14593. PMID: 26132625.

1252: Malik GM, Pabaney AH. Left temporal craniotomy for clipping of fusiform aneurysm of posterior cerebral artery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V7. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14583. PMID: 26132624.

1253: Caplan JM, Jusue-Torres I, Kim JE, Luksik A, Liauw J, Gottschalk A, Tamargo RJ. Far-lateral transcondylar approach for microsurgical trapping of an anterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V6. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14581. PMID: 26132623.

1254: Kimura T, Kin T, Shojima M, Morita A. Clip reconstruction of giant vertebral artery aneurysm after failed flow reduction therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V5. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14578. PMID: 26132622.

1255: Liu JK. Direct suction decompression and fenestrated clip reconstruction of complex paraclinoid carotid artery aneurysm: operative video and nuances of skull base technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V4. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14573. PMID: 26132621.

1256: Dehdashti AR. Ophthalmic artery aneurysm treated by surgical clipping and balloon-assisted temporary carotid occlusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V3. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14570. PMID: 26132620.

1257: Barrow DL, Pradilla G, McCracken DJ. Intracranial blister aneurysms: clip reconstruction techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V20. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14768. PMID: 26132619.

1258: Kalakoti P, Bir SC, Murray RD, Ahmed O, Nanda A. Technical nuances of clipping a middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V2. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14568. PMID: 26132618.

1259: David CA. Microsurgical treatment of recurrent coiled aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V19. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14654. PMID: 26132617.

1260: Rangel-Castilla L, Spetzler RF. Microsurgical management of a large ICA bifurcation aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V18. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14646. PMID: 26132616.

1261: Davies JM, Lawton MT. “Picket Fence” clipping technique for large and complex aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V17. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14632. PMID: 26132615.

1262: Reynolds MR, Roland JL, Kamath AA, Cross DT 3rd, Dacey RG Jr. Microsurgical confirmation of perforating arteries arising from the fundus of a posterior communicating artery aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V16. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14628. PMID: 26132614.

1263: Yamamoto J. Clipping of posteriorly projecting large posterior communicating aneurysm via transsylvian anterior temporal approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V15. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14624. PMID: 26132613.

1264: Patel NJ, Morgan MK. ICA aneurysm surgically treated utilizing a choroidal to PCOM bypass and vein bypass. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V14. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14622. PMID: 26132612.

1265: Cıkla U, Uluç K, Baskaya MK. Microsurgical clipping of a giant vertebrobasilar junction aneurysm under hypothermic circulatory arrest. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V13. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14620. PMID: 26132611.

1266: H Turkmani A, Day AL, Kim DH, Chen PR. Microsurgical clip reconstruction techniques for aneurysms with significant calcified neck. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V12. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14615. PMID: 26132610.

1267: Liao CH, Lin CF, Hsu SP, Chen MH, Shih YH. Microsurgical technique of symptomatic intracavernous aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V11. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14610. PMID: 26132609.

1268: Hage ZA, Charbel FT. Clipping of a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm with right A1-A2 sectioning and reanastomosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V10. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14602. PMID: 26132608.

1269: Couldwell WT, Cutler A, Neil JA. Left pterional craniotomy for thrombectomy and clipping of ruptured left MCA giant aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:V1. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.14550. PMID: 26132607.

1270: Barrow DL, Dacey R. Introduction: Intracranial aneurysm surgery, part 2. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39 Video Suppl 1:Intro. doi: 10.3171/2015.7.FocusVid.Intro. PMID: 26132606.

1271: Brewster R, Bi WL, Smith TR, Gormley WB, Dunn IF, Laws ER Jr. The neurosurgeon as baseball fan and inventor: Walter Dandy and the batter's helmet. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1552. PMID: 26126408.

1272: Boettcher LB, Bonney PA, Smitherman AD, Sughrue ME. Hitler's parkinsonism. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.4.FOCUS1563. PMID: 26126407.

1273: Man K, Sabourin VM, Gandhi CD, Carmel PW, Prestigiacomo CJ. Pierre Curie: the anonymous neurosurgical contributor. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.4.FOCUS15102. PMID: 26126406.

1274: Menger RP, Storey CM, Guthikonda B, Missios S, Nanda A, Cooper JM. Woodrow Wilson's hidden stroke of 1919: the impact of patient-physician confidentiality on United States foreign policy. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.4.FOCUS1587. PMID: 26126405.

1275: Koul P, Mau C, Sabourin VM, Gandhi CD, Prestigiacomo CJ. Famous head injuries of the first aerial war: deaths of the “Knights of the Air”. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.4.FOCUS15109. PMID: 26126404.

1276: Manjila S, Singh G, Alkhachroum AM, Ramos-Estebanez C. Understanding Edward Muybridge: historical review of behavioral alterations after a 19th- century head injury and their multifactorial influence on human life and culture. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.4.FOCUS15121. PMID: 26126403.

1277: Kushchayev SV, Belykh E, Fishchenko Y, Salei A, Teytelboym OM, Shabaturov L, Cruse M, Preul MC. Two bullets to the head and an early winter: fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1596. PMID: 26126402.

1278: Sanchez GM. Did Emperor Moctezuma II's head injury and subsequent death hasten the fall of the Aztec nation? Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.4.FOCUS1593. PMID: 26126401.

1279: Bortolotti C, Sturiale C. Erratum: Are parenchymal AVMs congenital lesions? Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/2015.2.FOCUS14234a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E2. Sturiale, Carmelo L [Corrected to Sturiale, Carmelo]. PMID: 26126400.

1280: Holland R, Sabourin VM, Gandhi CD, Carmel PW, Prestigiacomo CJ. Joseph Warren: a discussion of his life and analysis of his death. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1564. PMID: 26126399.

1281: Nijensohn DE. Prefrontal lobotomy on Evita was done for behavior/personality modification, not just for pain control. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS14843. PMID: 26126398.

1282: Son C. Clair Engle and the brain tumor that almost derailed the Civil Rights Act. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2015.4.FOCUS15106. PMID: 26126397.

1283: Rehder R, Cohen AR. Eccentric neurosurgical virtuoso: the life and times of William Sharpe. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS15117. PMID: 26126396.

1284: Preul MC, Sloffer CA, Goodrich JT. Introduction: (In)famous neurological injuries and disease: cases and events of historical, political, cultural, and scientific impact. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.4.FOCUS15207. PMID: 26126395.

1285: Van Gompel JJ, Klassen BT, Worrell GA, Lee KH, Shin C, Zhao CZ, Brown DA, Goerss SJ, Kall BA, Stead M. Anterior nuclear deep brain stimulation guided by concordant hippocampal recording. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1541. PMID: 26030709.

1286: Ho AL, Sussman ES, Pendharkar AV, Azagury DE, Bohon C, Halpern CH. Deep brain stimulation for obesity: rationale and approach to trial design. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1538. PMID: 26030708.

1287: Dupré DA, Tomycz N, Oh MY, Whiting D. Deep brain stimulation for obesity: past, present, and future targets. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1542. PMID: 26030707.

1288: Ho AL, Erickson-Direnzo E, Pendharkar AV, Sung CK, Halpern CH. Deep brain stimulation for vocal tremor: a comprehensive, multidisciplinary methodology. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1537. PMID: 26030706.

1289: Qureshi AA, Cheng JJ, Sunshine AN, Wu A, Pontone GM, Cascella N, Lenz FA, Grill SE, Anderson WS. Postoperative symptoms of psychosis after deep brain stimulation in patients with Parkinson's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1523. PMID: 26030705.

1290: Kalakoti P, Ahmed O, Bollam P, Missios S, Wilden J, Nanda A. Predictors of unfavorable outcomes following deep brain stimulation for movement disorders and the effect of hospital case volume on outcomes: an analysis of 33, 642 patients across 234 US hospitals using the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2011. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1547. PMID: 26030704.

1291: Sinha S, McGovern RA, Sheth SA. Deep brain stimulation for severe autism: from pathophysiology to procedure. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1548. PMID: 26030703.

1292: Cleary DR, Ozpinar A, Raslan AM, Ko AL. Deep brain stimulation for psychiatric disorders: where we are now. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1546. PMID: 26030702.

1293: Karsy M. Erratum: A practical review of prognostic correlations of molecular biomarkers in glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2015.4.FOCUS14755a. Erratum for: Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E4. Mark, Mahan A [corrected to Mahan, Mark A]. PMID: 26030701.

1294: Segar DJ, Chodakiewitz YG, Torabi R, Cosgrove GR. Deep brain stimulation for the obsessive-compulsive and Tourette-like symptoms of Kleefstra syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1528. PMID: 26030700.

1295: Russo JF, Sheth SA. Deep brain stimulation of the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex for the treatment of chronic neuropathic pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1543. PMID: 26030699.

1296: Gummadavelli A, Kundishora AJ, Willie JT, Andrews JP, Gerrard JL, Spencer DD, Blumenfeld H. Neurostimulation to improve level of consciousness in patients with epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1535. PMID: 26030698; PMCID: PMC6300138.

1297: Burchiel K, Liker MA, Lozano AM. Introduction: Deep brain stimulation: current assessment, new applications, and future innovations. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.4.FOCUS15179. PMID: 26030697.

1298: Rijken BF, den Ottelander BK, van Veelen ML, Lequin MH, Mathijssen IM. The occipitofrontal circumference: reliable prediction of the intracranial volume in children with syndromic and complex craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 May;38(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2015.2.FOCUS14846. PMID: 25929971.

1299: Mehta V, Bakhsheshian J, Dorafshar AH, Ahn ES. Upward transtentorial herniation following frontoorbital advancement for syndromic craniosynostosis: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 May;38(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.2.FOCUS151. PMID: 25929970.

1300: Arko L 4th, Swanson JW, Fierst TM, Henn RE, Chang D, Storm PB, Bartlett SP, Taylor JA, Heuer GG. Spring-mediated sagittal craniosynostosis treatment at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia: technical notes and literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 May;38(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS153. PMID: 25929969.

1301: Christian EA, Imahiyerobo TA, Nallapa S, Urata M, McComb JG, Krieger MD. Intracranial hypertension after surgical correction for craniosynostosis: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 May;38(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.2.FOCUS14853. PMID: 25929968.

1302: Soleman J, Thieringer F, Beinemann J, Kunz C, Guzman R. Computer-assisted virtual planning and surgical template fabrication for frontoorbital advancement. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 May;38(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS14852. PMID: 25929967.

1303: Seal SK, Steinbok P, Courtemanche DJ. The cranial orbital buttress technique for nonsyndromic unicoronal and metopic craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 May;38(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.2.FOCUS14844. PMID: 25929966.

1304: Bonfield CM, Foley LM, Kundu S, Fellows-Mayle W, Hitchens TK, Rohde GK, Grandhi R, Mooney MP. The influence of surgical correction on white matter microstructural integrity in rabbits with familial coronal suture craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 May;38(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.2.FOCUS14849. PMID: 25929965; PMCID: PMC5347148.

1305: Kosty J, Vogel TW. Insights into the development of molecular therapies for craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 May;38(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.2.FOCUS155. PMID: 25929964.

1306: Kosnik-Infinger L, Gendron C, Gordon CB, Pan BS, van Aalst JA, Vogel TW. Enzyme replacement therapy for congenital hypophosphatasia allows for surgical treatment of related complex craniosynostosis: a case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 May;38(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.2.FOCUS14847. PMID: 25929963.

1307: Jane JA Jr, Krieger MD, Persing J. Introduction: craniosynostosis: modern treatment strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 May;38(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS15133. PMID: 25929962.

1308: Mazur MD, Ravindra VM, Brockmeyer DL. Unilateral fixation for treatment of occipitocervical instability in children with congenital vertebral anomalies of the craniocervical junction. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14787. PMID: 25828503.

1309: Dlouhy BJ, Dahdaleh NS, Menezes AH. Evolution of transoral approaches, endoscopic endonasal approaches, and reduction strategies for treatment of craniovertebral junction pathology: a treatment algorithm update. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14837. PMID: 25828502.

1310: Jost GF, Dailey AT. Bow hunter's syndrome revisited: 2 new cases and literature review of 124 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14791. PMID: 25828501.

1311: Ravindra VM, Neil JA, Mazur MD, Park MS, Couldwell WT, Taussky P. Motion- related vascular abnormalities at the craniocervical junction: illustrative case series and literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14826. PMID: 25828500.

1312: Batista UC, Joaquim AF, Fernandes YB, Mathias RN, Ghizoni E, Tedeschi H. Computed tomography evaluation of the normal craniocervical junction craniometry in 100 asymptomatic patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14642. PMID: 25828499.

1313: Joaquim AF, Ghizoni E, Tedeschi H, Appenzeller S, Riew KD. Radiological evaluation of cervical spine involvement in rheumatoid arthritis. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14664. PMID: 25828498.

1314: Roy AK, Miller BA, Holland CM, Fountain AJ Jr, Pradilla G, Ahmad FU. Magnetic resonance imaging of traumatic injury to the craniovertebral junction: a case-based review. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14785. PMID: 25828497.

1315: Lopez AJ, Scheer JK, Leibl KE, Smith ZA, Dlouhy BJ, Dahdaleh NS. Anatomy and biomechanics of the craniovertebral junction. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14807. PMID: 25828496.

1316: Kukreja S, Kalakoti P, Murray R, Nixon M, Missios S, Guthikonda B, Nanda A. National trends of incidence, treatment, and hospital charges of isolated C-2 fractures in three different age groups. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E19. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14825. PMID: 25828495.

1317: Chieng LO, Madhavan K, Vanni S. Pooled data analysis on anterior versus posterior approach for rheumatoid arthritis at the craniovertebral junction. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E18. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14838. PMID: 25828494.

1318: Liu JK, Patel J, Goldstein IM, Eloy JA. Endoscopic endonasal transclival transodontoid approach for ventral decompression of the craniovertebral junction: operative technique and nuances. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14813. PMID: 25828493.

1319: La Corte E, Aldana PR, Ferroli P, Greenfield JP, Härtl R, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. The rhinopalatine line as a reliable predictor of the inferior extent of endonasal odontoidectomies. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14777. PMID: 25828492.

1320: Morales-Valero SF, Serchi E, Zoli M, Mazzatenta D, Van Gompel JJ. Endoscopic endonasal approach for craniovertebral junction pathology: a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14831. PMID: 25828491.

1321: Moscovici S, Umansky F, Spektor S. “Lazy” far-lateral approach to the anterior foramen magnum and lower clivus. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2015.2.FOCUS14784. PMID: 25828490.

1322: Huang M, Gonda DD, Briceño V, Lam SK, Luerssen TG, Jea A. Dyspnea and dysphagia from upper airway obstruction after occipitocervical fusion in the pediatric age group. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14810. PMID: 25828489.

1323: Klekamp J. Chiari I malformation with and without basilar invagination: a comparative study. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14783. PMID: 25828488.

1324: Joaquim AF, Patel AA. Surgical treatment of Type II odontoid fractures: anterior odontoid screw fixation or posterior cervical instrumented fusion? Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14781. PMID: 25828487.

1325: Eicker SO, Mende KC, Dührsen L, Schmidt NO. Minimally invasive approach for small ventrally located intradural lesions of the craniovertebral junction. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.2.FOCUS14799. PMID: 25828486.

1326: Brockmeyer DL, Jea A, Cohen AR, Menezes AH. Introduction: craniocervical junction. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Apr;38(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.focus1531. PMID: 25828485.

1327: Azad TD, Pan J, Connolly ID, Remington A, Wilson CM, Grant GA. Therapeutic strategies to improve drug delivery across the blood-brain barrier. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.12.FOCUS14758. PMID: 25727231; PMCID: PMC4493051.

1328: Wang W, Sivakumar W, Torres S, Jhaveri N, Vaikari VP, Gong A, Howard A, Golden EB, Louie SG, Schönthal AH, Hofman FM, Chen TC. Effects of convection- enhanced delivery of bevacizumab on survival of glioma-bearing animals. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14743. PMID: 25727230.

1329: Shah A, Choudhri O, Jung H, Li G. Preoperative endovascular embolization of meningiomas: update on therapeutic options. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.12.FOCUS14728. PMID: 25727229.

1330: Caruso JP, Cohen-Inbar O, Bilsky MH, Gerszten PC, Sheehan JP. Stereotactic radiosurgery and immunotherapy for metastatic spinal melanoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.FOCUS14716. PMID: 25727228.

1331: Jones PS, Cahill DP, Brastianos PK, Flaherty KT, Curry WT. Ipilimumab and craniotomy in patients with melanoma and brain metastases: a case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.12.FOCUS14698. PMID: 25727227.

1332: Karsy M, Neil JA, Guan J, Mahan MA, Colman H, Jensen RL. A practical review of prognostic correlations of molecular biomarkers in glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14755. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jun;38(6):E13. Mark, Mahan A [corrected to Mahan, Mark A]. PMID: 25727226.

1333: Sun SQ, Hawasli AH, Huang J, Chicoine MR, Kim AH. An evidence-based treatment algorithm for the management of WHO Grade II and III meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14757. PMID: 25727225.

1334: Chen R, Ravindra VM, Cohen AL, Jensen RL, Salzman KL, Prescot AP, Colman H. Molecular features assisting in diagnosis, surgery, and treatment decision making in low-grade gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14745. PMID: 25727224.

1335: Rehman AA, Elmore KB, Mattei TA. The effects of alternating electric fields in glioblastoma: current evidence on therapeutic mechanisms and clinical outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14742. PMID: 25727223.

1336: Missios S, Bekelis K, Barnett GH. Renaissance of laser interstitial thermal ablation. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2014.12.FOCUS14762. PMID: 25727222.

1337: Golden EB, Cho HY, Hofman FM, Louie SG, Schönthal AH, Chen TC. Quinoline- based antimalarial drugs: a novel class of autophagy inhibitors. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2014.12.FOCUS14748. PMID: 25727221.

1338: Sughrue ME, Sheean T, Bonney PA, Maurer AJ, Teo C. Aggressive repeat surgery for focally recurrent primary glioblastoma: outcomes and theoretical framework. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2014.12.FOCUS14726. PMID: 25727220.

1339: Hendricks BK, Cohen-Gadol AA, Miller JC. Novel delivery methods bypassing the blood-brain and blood-tumor barriers. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS14767. PMID: 25727219.

1340: Fults DW, Chen T, Bruce JN. Introduction. Neurooncology: update on therapeutic options. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Mar;38(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2015.1.FOCUS1515. PMID: 25727218.

1341: Wong A, Eloy JA, Liu JK. The role of bilateral adrenalectomy in the treatment of refractory Cushing's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14684. PMID: 25639327.

1342: Carmichael JD, Zada G, Selman WR. Making the diagnosis of cyclic Cushing's syndrome: a position statement from the topic editors. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.FOCUS14778. PMID: 25639326.

1343: Bonert V, Bose N, Carmichael JD. Cyclic Cushing's disease with misleading inferior petrosal sinus sampling results during a trough phase. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.12.FOCUS14780. PMID: 25639325.

1344: Burkhardt T, Flitsch J, van Leyen P, Sauer N, Aberle J, Grzyska U, Lüdecke DK. Cavernous sinus sampling in patients with Cushing's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14687. PMID: 25639324.

1345: Pecori Giraldi F, Cavallo LM, Tortora F, Pivonello R, Colao A, Cappabianca P, Mantero F; Altogether to Beat Cushing's Syndrome Group. The role of inferior petrosal sinus sampling in ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome: review and joint opinion statement by members of the Italian Society for Endocrinology, Italian Society for Neurosurgery, and Italian Society for Neuroradiology. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.FOCUS14766. PMID: 25639323.

1346: Bansal V, El Asmar N, Selman WR, Arafah BM. Pitfalls in the diagnosis and management of Cushing's syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.FOCUS14704. PMID: 25639322.

1347: Wright J, Wright CH, Selman WR. Management of Cushing's disease in the US. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.FOCUS14771. PMID: 25639321.

1348: Wilson D, Jin DL, Wen T, Carmichael JD, Cen S, Mack WJ, Zada G. Demographic factors, outcomes, and patient access to transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease: analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2010. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.FOCUS14694. PMID: 25639320.

1349: Seltzer J, Ashton CE, Scotton TC, Pangal D, Carmichael JD, Zada G. Gene and protein expression in pituitary corticotroph adenomas: a systematic review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E17. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14683. PMID: 25639319.

1350: Rutkowski MJ, Flanigan PM, Aghi MK. Update on the management of recurrent Cushing's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.FOCUS14703. PMID: 25639318.

1351: Zoli M, Faustini-Fustini M, Mazzatenta D, Marucci G, De Carlo E, Bacci A, Pasquini E, Lanzino G, Frank G. ACTH adenomas transforming their clinical expression: report of 5 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.FOCUS14679. PMID: 25639317.

1352: Patel J, Eloy JA, Liu JK. Nelson's syndrome: a review of the clinical manifestations, pathophysiology, and treatment strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14681. PMID: 25639316.

1353: Pendharkar AV, Sussman ES, Ho AL, Hayden Gephart MG, Katznelson L. Cushing's disease: predicting long-term remission after surgical treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14682. PMID: 25639315.

1354: Smith TR, Hulou MM, Huang KT, Nery B, de Moura SM, Cote DJ, Laws ER. Complications after transsphenoidal surgery for patients with Cushing's disease and silent corticotroph adenomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14705. PMID: 25639314.

1355: Lau D, Rutledge C, Aghi MK. Cushing's disease: current medical therapies and molecular insights guiding future therapies. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14700. PMID: 25639313.

1356: Seltzer J, Lucas J, Commins D, Lerner O, Lerner A, Carmichael JD, Zada G. Ectopic ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma of the sphenoid sinus: case report of endoscopic endonasal resection and systematic review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14685. PMID: 25639312.

1357: Zada G, Carmichael JD, Selman WR. Introduction: Cushing's disease: a century of evolving diagnostics and therapeutics for an often elusive entity. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Feb;38(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.11.FOCUS14788. PMID: 25639311.

1358: Hulou MM, Chiocca EA. Editorial: the management of low-grade glioma in adults. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14719. PMID: 25599277.

1359: Nitta M, Muragaki Y, Maruyama T, Ikuta S, Komori T, Maebayashi K, Iseki H, Tamura M, Saito T, Okamoto S, Chernov M, Hayashi M, Okada Y. Proposed therapeutic strategy for adult low-grade glioma based on aggressive tumor resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14651. PMID: 25599276.

1360: Castro BA, Aghi MK. Bevacizumab for glioblastoma: current indications, surgical implications, and future directions. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.focus14516. PMID: 25581938; PMCID: PMC4839778.

1361: Womeldorff M, Gillespie D, Jensen RL. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and associated upstream and downstream proteins in the pathophysiology and management of glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.focus14496. PMID: 25581937.

1362: Khan IS, Ehtesham M. Targeting glioblastoma cancer stem cells: the next great hope? Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.focus14509. PMID: 25581936.

1363: Barrow DL, Dacey R. Introduction: intracranial aneurysm surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):VideoIntro. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FVideoIntro. PMID: 25554851.

1364: Arias EJ, Zipfel GJ. High flow EC-IC bypass for a giant left MCA aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video9. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14548. PMID: 25554850.

1365: Rupani KV, Cohen-Gadol AA. Clip ligation of contralateral P1 aneurysm: extending the working depth of microsurgery along the skull base. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video8. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14546. PMID: 25554849.

1366: Dehdashti AR. Surgical treatment of a large ruptured internal carotid artery bifurcation aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video7. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14545. PMID: 25554848.

1367: Reinert M, Valci L, Dalolio M, Reyes V, D'Auria J. Anterior communicating artery aneurysm clipping using standard small fronto-pterional approach, clipping with 3 Lazic clips. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video6. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14541. PMID: 25554847.

1368: Lanzino G, Cannizzaro D, Villa SL. Subtemporal approach for distal basilar occlusion for giant aneurysm. Nuances and advantages of the subtemporal approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video5. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14536. PMID: 25554846.

1369: Welch BG. Clipping of ipsilateral posterior communicating and superior cerebellar artery aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video4. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14533. PMID: 25554845.

1370: Starke RM, Ding D, Durst CR, Crowley RW, Liu KC. Combined microsurgical PICA-PICA bypass and endovascular parent artery occlusion for a ruptured dissecting vertebral artery aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video3. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14526. PMID: 25554844.

1371: Cikla U, Uluc K, Baskaya MK. Clip reconstruction of an 8 cm giant internal carotid artery bifurcation aneurysm: microsurgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video20. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14618. PMID: 25554843.

1372: Inoue T, Yoshida H, Tamura A, Saito I. Clipping and STA-MCA bypass for unruptured AcomA aneurysm associated with unilateral MCA occlusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video2. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14469. PMID: 25554842.

1373: Hage ZA, Charbel FT. Clipping of bilateral MCA aneurysms and a coiled ACOM aneurysm through a modified lateral supraorbital craniotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video19. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14604. PMID: 25554841.

1374: von Schilling A, Spetzger U. Clipping of a partially thrombosed giant VA aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video18. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14598. PMID: 25554840.

1375: Kimura T, Nakagawa D, Kawai K. Direct clipping of large basilar trunk aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video17. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14577. PMID: 25554839.

1376: Kalakoti P, Murray RD, Bir SC, Ahmed O, Nanda A. Microsurgical clipping following failed coiling of a giant ophthalmic aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video16. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14563. PMID: 25554838.

1377: Kiyofuji S, Inoue T, Tamura A, Saito I. Combined interhemispheric and pterional approach for ACOM and left MCA aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video15. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14559. PMID: 25554837.

1378: Safavi-Abbasi S, Sun H, Oppenlander ME, Nakaji P, Kalani MY, Zabramski JM, Spetzler RF. Repair of intraoperative aneurysm neck tear utilizing the cotton- clipping technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video14. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14556. PMID: 25554836.

1379: Kalani MY, Nakaji P, Zabramski JM, Spetzler RF. Surgical clipping of a large left middle cerebral artery aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video13. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14555. PMID: 25554835.

1380: Kalani MY, Nakaji P, Zabramski JM, Spetzler RF. Surgical clipping of a ruptured posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video12. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14554. PMID: 25554834.

1381: Couldwell WT, Neil JA. Far-lateral approach for surgical treatment of fusiform PICA aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video10. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14549. PMID: 25554833.

1382: Kalani MY, Oppenlander ME, Levitt M, Safavi-Abbasi S, Spetzler RF, Zabramski JM. Microsurgical clipping of an unruptured basilar apex aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video10. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14552. PMID: 25554832.

1383: Inoue T, Tamura A, Saito I. Trapping and V3-radial artery graft-V4 bypass for ruptured dissecting aneurysm of the vertebral artery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(VideoSuppl1):Video1. doi: 10.3171/2015.V1.FOCUS14465. PMID: 25554831.

1384: Claus EB, Walsh KM, Wiencke JK, Molinaro AM, Wiemels JL, Schildkraut JM, Bondy ML, Berger M, Jenkins R, Wrensch M. Survival and low-grade glioma: the emergence of genetic information. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS12367. PMID: 25552286; PMCID: PMC4361022.

1385: Sommer B, Wimmer C, Coras R, Blumcke I, Lorber B, Hamer HM, Stefan H, Buchfelder M, Roessler K. Resection of cerebral gangliogliomas causing drug- resistant epilepsy: short- and long-term outcomes using intraoperative MRI and neuronavigation. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14616. PMID: 25552285.

1386: Mert A, Kiesel B, Wöhrer A, Martínez-Moreno M, Minchev G, Furtner J, Knosp E, Wolfsberger S, Widhalm G. Introduction of a standardized multimodality image protocol for navigation-guided surgery of suspected low-grade gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14597. PMID: 25552284.

1387: Ottenhausen M, Krieg SM, Meyer B, Ringel F. Functional preoperative and intraoperative mapping and monitoring: increasing safety and efficacy in glioma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14611. PMID: 25552283.

1388: Carter BS, Chiocca EA, Lonser R, Kaye AH, de Tribolet N. Introduction: a focus on low-grade glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14732. PMID: 25552282.

1389: Weiss MH. Editorial: Neurosurgical Focus yearly summary. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jan;38(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14714. PMID: 25552281.

1390: Mansfield HE, Canar WJ, Gerard CS, O'Toole JE. Single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion versus minimally invasive posterior cervical foraminotomy for patients with cervical radiculopathy: a cost analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14373. PMID: 25491887.

1391: Khan OH, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal resection of skull base meningiomas: the significance of a “cortical cuff” and brain edema compared with careful case selection and surgical experience in predicting morbidity and extent of resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14321. PMID: 25465040.

1392: Berger MS, Bruce JN, Chen TC, Zadeh G. Introduction: Glioblastoma: an update on pathophysiology and management strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14677. PMID: 25434392.

1393: Sundar SJ, Hsieh JK, Manjila S, Lathia JD, Sloan A. The role of cancer stem cells in glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14494. PMID: 25434391.

1394: Pompili A, Telera S, Villani V, Pace A. Home palliative care and end of life issues in glioblastoma multiforme: results and comments from a homogeneous cohort of patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14493. PMID: 25434390.

1395: Barbagallo GM, Paratore S, Caltabiano R, Palmucci S, Parra HS, Privitera G, Motta F, Lanzafame S, Scaglione G, Longo A, Albanese V, Certo F. Long-term therapy with temozolomide is a feasible option for newly diagnosed glioblastoma: a single-institution experience with as many as 101 temozolomide cycles. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14502. PMID: 25434389.

1396: Lescher S, Schniewindt S, Jurcoane A, Senft C, Hattingen E. Time window for postoperative reactive enhancement after resection of brain tumors: less than 72 hours. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14479. PMID: 25434388.

1397: Malone HR, Bruce JN. Editorial: laser interstitial thermal therapy: an effective treatment for focally recurrent high grade glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14671. PMID: 25434387.

1398: Gao X, Wang H, Cai S, Saadatzadeh MR, Hanenberg H, Pollok KE, Cohen-Gadol AA, Chen J. Phosphorylation of NMDA 2B at S1303 in human glioma peritumoral tissue: implications for glioma epileptogenesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14485. PMID: 25434386.

1399: Schucht P, Seidel K, Beck J, Murek M, Jilch A, Wiest R, Fung C, Raabe A. Intraoperative monopolar mapping during 5-ALA-guided resections of glioblastomas adjacent to motor eloquent areas: evaluation of resection rates and neurological outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14524. PMID: 25434385.

1400: Lau D, Magill ST, Aghi MK. Molecularly targeted therapies for recurrent glioblastoma: current and future targets. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14519. PMID: 25434384; PMCID: PMC5058366.

1401: Somasundaram A, Ardanowski N, Opalak CF, Fillmore HL, Chidambaram A, Broaddus WC. Wilms tumor 1 gene, CD97, and the emerging biogenetic profile of glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14506. PMID: 25434383.

1402: Agnihotri S, Aldape KD, Zadeh G. Isocitrate dehydrogenase status and molecular subclasses of glioma and glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14505. PMID: 25434382.

1403: Golden EB, Cho HY, Jahanian A, Hofman FM, Louie SG, Schönthal AH, Chen TC. Chloroquine enhances temozolomide cytotoxicity in malignant gliomas by blocking autophagy. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14504. PMID: 25434381.

1404: Aum DJ, Kim DH, Beaumont TL, Leuthardt EC, Dunn GP, Kim AH. Molecular and cellular heterogeneity: the hallmark of glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14521. PMID: 25434380.

1405: Awad AJ, Burns TC, Zhang Y, Abounader R. Targeting MET for glioma therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14520. PMID: 25434379.

1406: Hawasli AH, Kim AH, Dunn GP, Tran DD, Leuthardt EC. Stereotactic laser ablation of high-grade gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Dec;37(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14471. PMID: 25434378.

1407: Schwartz TH. Should endoscopic endonasal surgery be used in the treatment of olfactory groove meningiomas? Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.focus14457. PMID: 25391164.

1408: Koutourousiou M, Fernandez-Miranda JC, Wang EW, Snyderman CH, Gardner PA. Endoscopic endonasal surgery for olfactory groove meningiomas: outcomes and limitations in 50 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.focus14330. PMID: 25391163.

1409: McLaughlin N, Khalessi AA, Martin NA. Introduction: Health economics and the neurosurgeon. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.FOCUS14643. PMID: 25363436.

1410: Zaidi HA, Chapple K, Little AS. National treatment trends, complications, and predictors of in-hospital charges for the surgical management of craniopharyngiomas in adults from 2007 to 2011. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14366. PMID: 25363434.

1411: Lam SK, Srinivasan VM, Luerssen TG, Pan IW. Cerebrospinal fluid shunt placement in the pediatric population: a model of hospitalization cost. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14454. PMID: 25363433.

1412: Menger RP, Connor DE Jr, Thakur JD, Sonig A, Smith E, Guthikonda B, Nanda A. A comparison of lumboperitoneal and ventriculoperitoneal shunting for idiopathic intracranial hypertension: an analysis of economic impact and complications using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14436. PMID: 25363432.

1413: McLaughlin N, Burke MA, Setlur NP, Niedzwiecki DR, Kaplan AL, Saigal C, Mahajan A, Martin NA, Kaplan RS. Time-driven activity-based costing: a driver for provider engagement in costing activities and redesign initiatives. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14381. PMID: 25363431.

1414: McLaughlin N, Ong MK, Tabbush V, Hagigi F, Martin NA. Contemporary health care economics: an overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14455. PMID: 25363430.

1415: Rosenow JM, Orrico KO. Neurosurgeons' responses to changing Medicare reimbursement. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14427. PMID: 25363429.

1416: Lieber BA, Wilson TA, Bell RS, Ashley WW Jr, Barrow DL, Wolfe SQ. Gauging the feasibility of cost-sharing and medical student interest groups to reduce interview costs. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14452. PMID: 25363428.

1417: James WS, Rughani AI, Dumont TM. A socioeconomic analysis of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring during spine surgery: national use, regional variation, and patient outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14449. PMID: 25363427.

1418: McLaughlin N, Khalessi AA, Martin NA. Health care economics in neurosurgery: there is no turning back. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.8.FOCUS14535. PMID: 25363426.

1419: Cappabianca P, Schwartz TH, Jane JA Jr, M D, Zada G. Introduction: Endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14459. PMID: 25270147.

1420: Rosen MR, Rabinowitz MR, Farrell CJ, Schaberg MR, Evans JJ. Septal transposition: a novel technique for preservation of the nasal septum during endoscopic endonasal resection of olfactory groove meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14308. PMID: 25270146.

1421: Zada G. Editorial: Vascularized flap reconstruction for CSF leaks during endoscopic skull base surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14463. PMID: 25270145.

1422: Thorp BD, Sreenath SB, Ebert CS, Zanation AM. Endoscopic skull base reconstruction: a review and clinical case series of 152 vascularized flaps used for surgical skull base defects in the setting of intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14350. PMID: 25270144.

1423: Kerr EE, Prevedello DM, Jamshidi A, Ditzel Filho LF, Otto BA, Carrau RL. Immediate complications associated with high-flow cerebrospinal fluid egress during endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14294. PMID: 25270143.

1424: Derakhshan I. Letter to the Editor: Kernohan's contributions to neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E22. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14286. PMID: 25270142.

1425: Zada G. Editorial: The endoscopic keyhole supraorbital approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E21. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14464. PMID: 25270141.

1426: Gazzeri R, Nishiyama Y, Teo C. Endoscopic supraorbital eyebrow approach for the surgical treatment of extraaxialand intraaxial tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E20. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14203. PMID: 25270140.

1427: Sreenath SB, Rawal RB, Zanation AM. The combined endonasal and transoral approach for the management of skull base and nasopharyngeal pathology: a case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14353. PMID: 25270139.

1428: Berhouma M, Jacquesson T, Abouaf L, Vighetto A, Jouanneau E. Endoscopic endonasal optic nerve and orbital apex decompression for nontraumatic optic neuropathy: surgical nuances and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E19. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14303. PMID: 25270138.

1429: Bohman LE, Pierce J, Stephen JH, Sandhu S, Lee JY. Fully endoscopic microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia: technique review and early outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E18. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14318. PMID: 25270137.

1430: Raza SM, Donaldson AM, Mehta A, Tsiouris AJ, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Surgical management of trigeminal schwannomas: defining the role for endoscopic endonasal approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14341. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Nov;37(5). doi:10.3171/2014.10.FOCUS14341a. PMID: 25270136.

1431: Van Abel KM, Mallory GW, Kasperbauer JL, M D, Moore EJ, Price DL, O'Brien EK, Olsen KD, Krauss WE, Clarke MJ, Jentoft ME, Van Gompel JJ. Transnasal odontoid resection: is there an anatomic explanation for differing swallowing outcomes? Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14338. PMID: 25270135.

1432: Ponce-Gómez JA, Ortega-Porcayo LA, Soriano-Barón HE, Sotomayor-González A, Arriada-Mendicoa N, Gómez-Amador JL, Palma-Díaz M, Barges-Coll J. Evolution from microscopic transoral to endoscopic endonasal odontoidectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14301. PMID: 25270134.

1433: Eytan DF, Kshettry VR, Sindwani R, Woodard TD, Recinos PF. Surgical outcomes after endoscopic management of cholesterol granulomas of the petrous apex: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14344. PMID: 25270133.

1434: Mesquita Filho PM, Ditzel Filho LF, Prevedello DM, Martinez CA, Fiore ME, Dolci RL, Otto BA, Carrau RL. Endoscopic endonasal surgical management of chondrosarcomas with cerebellopontine angle extension. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14349. PMID: 25270132.

1435: Oyama K, Prevedello DM, Ditzel Filho LF, Muto J, Gun R, Kerr EE, Otto BA, Carrau RL. Anatomic comparison of the endonasal and transpetrosal approaches for interpeduncular fossa access. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14329. PMID: 25270131.

1436: Zoli M, Mazzatenta D, Valluzzi A, Marucci G, Acciarri N, Pasquini E, Frank G. Expanding indications for the extended endoscopic endonasal approach to hypothalamic gliomas: preliminary report. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14317. PMID: 25270130.

1437: Conger AR, Lucas J, Zada G, Schwartz TH, Cohen-Gadol AA. Endoscopic extended transsphenoidal resection of craniopharyngiomas: nuances of neurosurgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14364. PMID: 25270129.

1438: Christian E, Harris B, Wrobel B, Zada G. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery: implementation of an operative and perioperative checklist. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14360. PMID: 25270128.

1439: Prevedello DM, de Lara D, Ditzel Filho LF, Muto J, Otto BA, Carrau RL. Response. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):9. PMID: 25222980.

1440: Couldwell WT. Response. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):8. PMID: 25222979.

1441: Liu JK. Response. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):7-8. PMID: 25222978.

1442: McCormick PC. Microsurgical resection of intramedullary spinal cord ependymoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 9. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14276. PMID: 25175587.

1443: McCormick PC. Dorsal arachnoid web. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 8. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14273. PMID: 25175586.

1444: McCormick PC. Microsurgical enbloc resection of myxopapillary cauda equina ependymoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 7. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14272. PMID: 25175585.

1445: McCormick PC. Microsurgical resection of cauda equina schwannoma with nerve root preservation. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 6. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14267. PMID: 25175584.

1446: McCormick PC. Release and repair of a ventral thoracic spinal cord herniation. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 5. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14266. PMID: 25175583.

1447: Deutsch H. Thoracic arachnoid cyst resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 4. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14262. PMID: 25175582.

1448: Tan LA, Kasliwal MK, Mhanna N, Fontes RB, Traynelis VC. Surgical resection of subependymoma of the cervical spinal cord. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 3. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14258. PMID: 25175581.

1449: McCormick PC. Resection of a cervical dumbbell schwannoma with stabilization through a single stage extended posterior approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 2. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14257. PMID: 25175580.

1450: Weil AG, Bhatia S. Resection of a ventral intramedullary cervical spinal cord cavernous malformation through an anterior approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 18. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14401. PMID: 25175579.

1451: El Refaee E, Matthes M, Schroeder HW. Microsurgical technique in excision of intramedullary craniocervical ependymomas. Video report. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 17. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14391. PMID: 25175578.

1452: Tan LA, Kasliwal MK, Wewel J, Fontes RB, O'Toole JE. Minimally invasive surgery for synchronous, same-level lumbar intradural-extramedullary neoplasm and acute disc herniation. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 16. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14386. PMID: 25175577.

1453: Lanzino G, Morales-Valero SF, Krauss WE. Resection of spinal hemangioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 15. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14379. PMID: 25175576.

1454: Lanzino G, Morales-Valero SF, Krauss WE, Campero M, Marsh WR. Resection of cervical ependymoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 14. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14378. PMID: 25175575.

1455: Caplan JM, Groves M, Jusue-Torres I, Kim JE, Liauw J, Bydon A, Tamargo RJ. Microsurgical obliteration of a thoracic spinal perimedullary arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 13. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14376. PMID: 25175574.

1456: Rangel-Castilla L, Spetzler RF. Microsurgical resection of cervical spinal arteriovenous malformation: the pial resection technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 12. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14375. PMID: 25175573.

1457: Tuchek CA, Cohen-Gadol AA. Microsurgical ligation of spinal arteriovenous fistulae: techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 11. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14368. PMID: 25175572.

1458: McCormick PC. Microsurgical resection of intramedullary spinal cord hemangioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 10. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14306. PMID: 25175571.

1459: Liu JK. Microsurgical resection of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformation. Operative video and technical nuances. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Video 1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUS14155. PMID: 25175570.

1460: McCormick PC. Introduction: Intradural Spinal Surgery video supplement. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37 Suppl 2:Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.V3.FOCUSIntro. PMID: 25175569.

1461: Russin JJ, Spetzler RF, Giannotta S, Meyer FB, Lawton MT, Cohen-Gadol AA. Introduction: Strategies for management and outcomes of arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14421. PMID: 25175448.

1462: Russin J, Cohen-Gadol AA. Editorial: What did we learn from the ARUBA trial? Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS14256. PMID: 25175447.

1463: Rutledge WC, Abla AA, Nelson J, Halbach VV, Kim H, Lawton MT. Treatment and outcomes of ARUBA-eligible patients with unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations at a single institution. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14242. PMID: 25175446; PMCID: PMC4420142.

1464: Abecassis IJ, Xu DS, Batjer HH, Bendok BR. Natural history of brain arteriovenous malformations: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14250. PMID: 25175445.

1465: Abla AA, Nelson J, Rutledge WC, Young WL, Kim H, Lawton MT. The natural history of AVM hemorrhage in the posterior fossa: comparison of hematoma volumes and neurological outcomes in patients with ruptured infra- and supratentorial AVMs. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14211. PMID: 25175444; PMCID: PMC4425310.

1466: Abla AA, Lawton MT. Editorial: Prenidal aneurysm rupture with posterior fossa AVMs. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14380. PMID: 25175443.

1467: Kouznetsov E, Weill A, Ghostine JS, Gentric JC, Raymond J, Roy D. Association between posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations and prenidal aneurysm rupture: potential impact on management. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14219. PMID: 25175442.

1468: Dalyai R, Starke RM, Chalouhi N, Theofanis T, Busack C, Jabbour P, Gonzalez LF, Rosenwasser R, Tjoumakaris S. Smoking is a negative predictor of arteriovenous malformation posttreatment obliteration: analysis of vascular risk factors in 774 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/20145.FOCUS14121. PMID: 25175441.

1469: AlKhalili K, Chalouhi N, Tjoumakaris S, Rosenwasser R, Jabbour P. Staged- volume radiosurgery for large arteriovenous malformations: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E20. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14217. PMID: 25175440.

1470: Morales-Valero SF, Bortolotti C, Sturiale C, Lanzino G. Are parenchymal AVMs congenital lesions? Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14234. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul;39(1):E14. Sturiale, Carmelo L [Corrected to Sturiale, Carmelo]. PMID: 25175439.

1471: Potts MB, Zumofen DW, Raz E, Nelson PK, Riina HA. Curing arteriovenous malformations using embolization. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E19. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14228. PMID: 25175438.

1472: Moosa S, Chen CJ, Ding D, Lee CC, Chivukula S, Starke RM, Yen CP, Xu Z, Sheehan JP. Volume-staged versus dose-staged radiosurgery outcomes for large intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E18. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS14205. PMID: 25175437.

1473: Chen CJ, Chivukula S, Ding D, Starke RM, Lee CC, Yen CP, Xu Z, Sheehan JP. Seizure outcomes following radiosurgery for cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS1454. PMID: 25175436.

1474: Xu F, Zhong J, Ray A, Manjila S, Bambakidis NC. Stereotactic radiosurgery with and without embolization for intracranial arteriovenous malformations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14178. PMID: 25175435.

1475: Missios S, Bekelis K, Al-Shyal G, Rasmussen PA, Barnett GH. Stereotactic radiosurgery of intracranial arteriovenous malformations and the use of the K index in determining treatment dose. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14157. PMID: 25175434.

1476: Rangel-Castilla L, Russin JJ, Zaidi HA, Martinez-Del-Campo E, Park MS, Albuquerque FC, McDougall CG, Nakaji P, Spetzler RF. Contemporary management of spinal AVFs and AVMs: lessons learned from 110 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14236. PMID: 25175433.

1477: Pabaney AH, Reinard KA, Massie LW, Naidu PK, Mohan YS, Marin H, Malik GM. Management of perisylvian arteriovenous malformations: a retrospective institutional case series and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14246. PMID: 25175432.

1478: Torné R, Rodríguez-Hernández A, Lawton MT. Intraoperative arteriovenous malformation rupture: causes, management techniques, outcomes, and the effect of neurosurgeon experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14218. PMID: 25175431.

1479: Flores BC, Klinger DR, Rickert KL, Barnett SL, Welch BG, White JA, Batjer HH, Samson DS. Management of intracranial aneurysms associated with arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14165. PMID: 25175430.

1480: Theofanis T, Chalouhi N, Dalyai R, Starke RM, Jabbour P, Rosenwasser RH, Tjoumakaris S. Microsurgery for cerebral arteriovenous malformations: postoperative outcomes and predictors of complications in 264 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14160. PMID: 25175429.

1481: Rangel-Castilla L, Russin JJ, Martinez-Del-Campo E, Soriano-Baron H, Spetzler RF, Nakaji P. Molecular and cellular biology of cerebral arteriovenous malformations: a review of current concepts and future trends in treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep;37(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS14214. PMID: 25175428.

1482: Martinez-del-Campo E, Rangel-Castilla L, Soriano-Baron H, Theodore N. Magnetic resonance imaging in lumbar gunshot wounds: an absolute contraindication? Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/2014.7.FOCUS1496. PMID: 25115322.

1483: Hsieh PC, Liu JC, Wang MY. Introduction: vertebral osteomyelitis and spinal epidural abscess. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):1 p preceding E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14293. PMID: 25081970.

1484: Shweikeh F, Saeed K, Bukavina L, Zyck S, Drazin D, Steinmetz MP. An institutional series and contemporary review of bacterial spinal epidural abscess: current status and future directions. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14146. PMID: 25081969.

1485: Tuchman A, Pham M, Hsieh PC. The indications and timing for operative management of spinal epidural abscess: literature review and treatment algorithm. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14261. PMID: 25081968.

1486: Wadhwa R, Mummaneni PV, Lau D, Le H, Chou D, Dhall SS. Perioperative morbidity and mortality comparison in circumferential cervical fusion for osteomyelitis versus cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS14140. PMID: 25081967.

1487: Mohamed AS, Yoo J, Hart R, Ragel BT, Hiratzka J, Hamilton DK, Barnes PD, Ching AC. Posterior fixation without debridement for vertebral body osteomyelitis and discitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14142. PMID: 25081966.

1488: Madhavan K, Vanni S, Williams SK. Direct lateral retroperitoneal approach for the surgical treatment of lumbar discitis and osteomyelitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14150. PMID: 25081965.

1489: Arko L 4th, Quach E, Nguyen V, Chang D, Sukul V, Kim BS. Medical and surgical management of spinal epidural abscess: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14127. PMID: 25081964.

1490: Ziu M, Dengler B, Cordell D, Bartanusz V. Diagnosis and management of primary pyogenic spinal infections in intravenous recreational drug users. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14148. PMID: 25081963.

1491: Srinivasan D, Terman SW, Himedan M, Dugo D, La Marca F, Park P. Risk factors for the development of deformity in patients with spinal infection. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14143. PMID: 25081962.

1492: Takebe N, Iwasaki K, Hashikata H, Toda H. Intramedullary spinal cord abscess and subsequent granuloma formation: a rare complication of vertebral osteomyelitis detected by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14141. PMID: 25081961.

1493: Smith GA, Kochar AS, Manjila S, Onwuzulike K, Geertman RT, Anderson JS, Steinmetz MP. Holospinal epidural abscess of the spinal axis: two illustrative cases with review of treatment strategies and surgical techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS14136. PMID: 25081960.

1494: Garg V, Kosmas C, Young PC, Togaru UK, Robbin MR. Computed tomography- guided percutaneous biopsy for vertebral osteomyelitis: a department's experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14134. PMID: 25081959.

1495: Ghobrial GM, Beygi S, Viereck MJ, Maulucci CM, Sharan A, Heller J, Jallo J, Prasad S, Harrop JS. Timing in the surgical evacuation of spinal epidural abscesses. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.6.FOCUS14120. PMID: 25081958.

1496: Pascual JM, Prieto R, Carrasco R, Castro-Dufourny I, Barrios L. Letters to the Editor: craniopharyngioma adherence to the hypothalamus. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Aug;37(2):1-7. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1464. PMID: 25081957.

1497: Park JY. Response. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jun;36(6):1. PMID: 25004550.

1498: Hoh B, Lanzino G. Introduction: Endovascular neurosurgery video supplement. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUSIntro. PMID: 24983734.

1499: Agarwal V, Zomorodi A, Mcdougal C, Babu R, Back A, Gonzalez LF. Transcirculation balloon-assisted stent-supported coil embolization of a basilar tip aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14182. PMID: 24983733.

1500: Choudhri O, Marks MP. Endovascular treatment of a tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14184. PMID: 24983732.

1501: Chen PR. Balloon-assisted coil embolization of small intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOUS14192. PMID: 24983731.

1502: Kelman C, Reavey-Cantwell J. Endovascular management of cerebral vasospasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14172. PMID: 24983730.

1503: Agarwal V, Zomorodi A, Jabbour P, Chalouhi N, Tjoumakaris S, Babu R, Back A, Gonzalez LF. Endovascular treatment of a spinal dural arteriovenous malformation (DAVF). Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14180. PMID: 24983729.

1504: Ding D, Starke RM, Durst CR, Crowley RW, Liu KC. Venous stenting with concurrent intracranial pressure monitoring for the treatment of pseudotumor cerebri. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14162. PMID: 24983728.

1505: Tan LA, Johnson AK, Keigher KM, Moftakhar R, Lopes DK. Endovascular transarterial embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformation with ethylene- vinyl alcohol copolymer. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS13577. PMID: 24983727.

1506: Binning M, Hakma Z, Veznedaroglu E. Endovascular coil embolization of unruptured posterior communicating artery aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14179. PMID: 24983726.

1507: Lee B, Mehta VA, Amar AP, Tenser MS, Mack WJ. Transarterial embolization of an anterior fossa cranial base dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14174. PMID: 24983725.

1508: Lee B, Mehta VA, Mack WJ, Tenser MS, Amar AP. Balloon-assisted transarterial embolization of type 1 spinal dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14175. PMID: 24983724.

1509: Tan LA, Johnson AK, Keigher KM, Moftakhar R, Lopes DK. Y-stent-assisted coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14176. PMID: 24983723.

1510: Choudhri O, Heit J, Do HM. Endovascular reconstruction of enlarging traumatic internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14185. PMID: 24983722.

1511: Levitt MR, Osbun JW, Nerva JD, Kim LJ. Endovascular treatment of complex dural arteriovenous fistula using the dual-microcatheter technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14177. PMID: 24983721.

1512: Choudhri O, Feroze A, Marks MP, Do HM. Endovascular management of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14186. PMID: 24983720.

1513: Hamade YJ, El Tecle NE, Zammar SG, El Ahmadieh TY, Yip BK, Bendok BR. Endovascular treatment of a complex bilobed left superior hypophyseal internal carotid artery aneurysm: a case illustration. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V2.FOCUS14197. PMID: 24983719.

1514: Anderson PA, Arnold PM, Heary RF. Introduction: Lumbar trauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS14196. PMID: 24981909.

1515: Dhall SS, Wadhwa R, Wang MY, Tien-Smith A, Mummaneni PV. Traumatic thoracolumbar spinal injury: an algorithm for minimally invasive surgical management. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS14108. PMID: 24981908.

1516: Ghobrial GM, Maulucci CM, Maltenfort M, Dalyai RT, Vaccaro AR, Fehlings MG, Street J, Arnold PM, Harrop JS. Operative and nonoperative adverse events in the management of traumatic fractures of the thoracolumbar spine: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.4.FOCUS1467. PMID: 24981907.

1517: O'Boynick CP, Kurd MF, Darden BV 2nd, Vaccaro AR, Fehlings MG. Timing of surgery in thoracolumbar trauma: is early intervention safe? Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS1473. PMID: 24981906.

1518: Sayama C, Chen T, Trost G, Jea A. A review of pediatric lumbar spine trauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS1490. PMID: 24981905.

1519: Zaryanov AV, Park DK, Khalil JG, Baker KC, Fischgrund JS. Cement augmentation in vertebral burst fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS1495. PMID: 24981904.

1520: Schreiber JJ, Anderson PA, Hsu WK. Use of computed tomography for assessing bone mineral density. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS1483. PMID: 24981903.

1521: Chang V, Holly LT. Bracing for thoracolumbar fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.4.FOCUS1477. PMID: 24981902.

1522: Heary RF, Arnold PM. Editorial: Evidence-based medicine. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS14190. PMID: 24981901.

1523: Bydon M, Fredrickson V, De la Garza-Ramos R, Li Y, Lehman RA Jr, Trost GR, Gokaslan ZL. Sacral fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS1474. PMID: 24981900.

1524: Koreckij T, Park DK, Fischgrund J. Minimally invasive spine surgery in the treatment of thoracolumbar and lumbar spine trauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS1494. PMID: 24981899.

1525: Graillon T, Rakotozanany P, Blondel B, Adetchessi T, Dufour H, Fuentes S. Circumferential management of unstable thoracolumbar fractures using an anterior expandable cage, as an alternative to an iliac crest graft, combined with a posterior screw fixation: results of a series of 85 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.5.FOCUS1452. PMID: 24981898.

1526: Bakhsheshian J, Dahdaleh NS, Fakurnejad S, Scheer JK, Smith ZA. Evidence- based management of traumatic thoracolumbar burst fractures: a systematic review of nonoperative management. Neurosurg Focus. 2014;37(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.4.FOCUS14159. PMID: 24981897.

1527: Acosta FL Jr, Ames C, Hsieh PC, McCarthy IM. Introduction: Costs and benefits of modern-day spine care. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jun;36(6):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.4.FOCUS14124. PMID: 24881639.

1528: Ong KL, Auerbach JD, Lau E, Schmier J, Ochoa JA. Perioperative outcomes, complications, and costs associated with lumbar spinal fusion in older patients with spinal stenosis and spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jun;36(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.4.FOCUS1440. PMID: 24881637.

1529: Al-Khouja LT, Baron EM, Johnson JP, Kim TT, Drazin D. Cost-effectiveness analysis in minimally invasive spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jun;36(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.4.FOCUS1449. PMID: 24881636.

1530: Mummaneni PV, Whitmore RG, Curran JN, Ziewacz JE, Wadhwa R, Shaffrey CI, Asher AL, Heary RF, Cheng JS, Hurlbert RJ, Douglas AF, Smith JS, Malhotra NR, Dante SJ, Magge SN, Kaiser MG, Abbed KM, Resnick DK, Ghogawala Z. Cost- effectiveness of lumbar discectomy and single-level fusion for spondylolisthesis: experience with the NeuroPoint-SD registry. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jun;36(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1450. PMID: 24881635.

1531: Gologorsky Y, Knightly JJ, Lu Y, Chi JH, Groff MW. Improving discharge data fidelity for use in large administrative databases. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jun;36(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1459. PMID: 24881634.

1532: Alvin MD, Miller JA, Lubelski D, Rosenbaum BP, Abdullah KG, Whitmore RG, Benzel EC, Mroz TE. Variations in cost calculations in spine surgery cost- effectiveness research. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jun;36(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1447. PMID: 24881633.

1533: Luo P, Wu J, Mao GY. Pedicle screw fixation in minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jun;36(6):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1466. PMID: 24881632.

1534: Gonda DD, Cheung VJ, Muller KA, Goyal A, Carter BS, Chen CC. The Cancer Genome Atlas expression profiles of low-grade gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E23. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.focus12351. PMID: 24812719.

1535: Kanter AS, Shaffrey CI, Mummaneni P, Wang MY, Uribe JS. Introduction: Adult spinal deformity: pathophysiology and corrective measures. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS14112. PMID: 24785492.

1536: Fujimori T, Inoue S, Le H, Schairer WW, Berven SH, Tay BK, Deviren V, Burch S, Iwasaki M, Hu SS. Long fusion from sacrum to thoracic spine for adult spinal deformity with sagittal imbalance: upper versus lower thoracic spine as site of upper instrumented vertebra. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS13541. PMID: 24785491.

1537: Issack PS, Kotwal SY, Boachie-Adjei O. The axial transsacral approach to interbody fusion at L5-S1. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13467. PMID: 24785490.

1538: Dangelmajer S, Zadnik PL, Rodriguez ST, Gokaslan ZL, Sciubba DM. Minimally invasive spine surgery for adult degenerative lumbar scoliosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS144. PMID: 24785489.

1539: Mummaneni PV, Shaffrey CI, Lenke LG, Park P, Wang MY, La Marca F, Smith JS, Mundis GM Jr, Okonkwo DO, Moal B, Fessler RG, Anand N, Uribe JS, Kanter AS, Akbarnia B, Fu KM; Minimally Invasive Surgery Section of the International Spine Study Group. The minimally invasive spinal deformity surgery algorithm: a reproducible rational framework for decision making in minimally invasive spinal deformity surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1413. PMID: 24785488.

1540: Hann S, Chalouhi N, Madineni R, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Harrop J, Heller JE. An algorithmic strategy for selecting a surgical approach in cervical deformity correction. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1429. PMID: 24785487.

1541: Shaffrey CI, Smith JS. Editorial: Incremental cost-effectiveness of adult spinal deformity surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS14115. PMID: 24785486.

1542: McCarthy I, O'Brien M, Ames C, Robinson C, Errico T, Polly DW Jr, Hostin R; International Spine Study Group. Incremental cost-effectiveness of adult spinal deformity surgery: observed quality-adjusted life years with surgery compared with predicted quality-adjusted life years without surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1415. PMID: 24785485.

1543: Slobodyanyuk K, Poorman CE, Smith JS, Protopsaltis TS, Hostin R, Bess S, Mundis GM Jr, Schwab FJ, Lafage V; International Spine Study Group. Clinical improvement through nonoperative treatment of adult spinal deformity: who is likely to benefit? Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1426. PMID: 24785484.

1544: Bianco K, Norton R, Schwab F, Smith JS, Klineberg E, Obeid I, Mundis G Jr, Shaffrey CI, Kebaish K, Hostin R, Hart R, Gupta MC, Burton D, Ames C, Boachie- Adjei O, Protopsaltis TS, Lafage V; International Spine Study Group. Complications and intercenter variability of three-column osteotomies for spinal deformity surgery: a retrospective review of 423 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E18. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS1422. PMID: 24785483.

1545: Kelly MP, Lenke LG, Shaffrey CI, Ames CP, Carreon LY, Lafage V, Smith JS, Shimer AL. Evaluation of complications and neurological deficits with three- column spine reconstructions for complex spinal deformity: a retrospective Scoli-RISK-1 study. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E17. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS1419. PMID: 24785482; PMCID: PMC4185213.

1546: Tuchman A, Hsieh PC. Editorial: Comparing minimally invasive, hybrid, and open surgical techniques for adult spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS14113. PMID: 24785481.

1547: Uribe JS, Deukmedjian AR, Mummaneni PV, Fu KM, Mundis GM Jr, Okonkwo DO, Kanter AS, Eastlack R, Wang MY, Anand N, Fessler RG, La Marca F, Park P, Lafage V, Deviren V, Bess S, Shaffrey CI; International Spine Study Group. Complications in adult spinal deformity surgery: an analysis of minimally invasive, hybrid, and open surgical techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS13534. PMID: 24785480.

1548: Anand N, Baron EM, Khandehroo B. Limitations and ceiling effects with circumferential minimally invasive correction techniques for adult scoliosis: analysis of radiological outcomes over a 7-year experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS13585. PMID: 24785479.

1549: Haque RM, Mundis GM Jr, Ahmed Y, El Ahmadieh TY, Wang MY, Mummaneni PV, Uribe JS, Okonkwo DO, Eastlack RK, Anand N, Kanter AS, La Marca F, Akbarnia BA, Park P, Lafage V, Terran JS, Shaffrey CI, Klineberg E, Deviren V, Fessler RG; International Spine Study Group. Comparison of radiographic results after minimally invasive, hybrid, and open surgery for adult spinal deformity: a multicenter study of 184 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1424. PMID: 24785478.

1550: Wang MY, Mummaneni PV, Fu KM, Anand N, Okonkwo DO, Kanter AS, La Marca F, Fessler R, Uribe J, Shaffrey CI, Lafage V, Haque RM, Deviren V, Mundis GM Jr; Minimally Invasive Surgery Section of the International Spine Study Group. Less invasive surgery for treating adult spinal deformities: ceiling effects for deformity correction with 3 different techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1423. PMID: 24785477.

1551: Tempel ZJ, Gandhoke GS, Bonfield CM, Okonkwo DO, Kanter AS. Radiographic and clinical outcomes following combined lateral lumbar interbody fusion and posterior segmental stabilization in patients with adult degenerative scoliosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS13368. PMID: 24785476.

1552: Saigal R, Lau D, Wadhwa R, Le H, Khashan M, Berven S, Chou D, Mummaneni PV. Unilateral versus bilateral iliac screws for spinopelvic fixation: are two screws better than one? Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.3.FOCUS1428. PMID: 24785475.

1553: Sparrey CJ, Bailey JF, Safaee M, Clark AJ, Lafage V, Schwab F, Smith JS, Ames CP. Etiology of lumbar lordosis and its pathophysiology: a review of the evolution of lumbar lordosis, and the mechanics and biology of lumbar degeneration. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 May;36(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13551. PMID: 24785474.

1554: Pascual JM, Prieto R, Castro-Dufourny I, Carrasco R, Strauss S, Barrios L. Development of intracranial approaches for craniopharyngiomas: an analysis of the first 160 historical procedures. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13567. PMID: 24708228.

1555: Assina R, Rubino S, Sarris CE, Gandhi CD, Prestigiacomo CJ. The history of brain retractors throughout the development of neurological surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13564. PMID: 24708190.

1556: Goodrich JT. How to get in and out of the skull: from tumi to “hammer and chisel” to the Gigli saw and the osteoplastic flap. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13543. PMID: 24708162.

1557: Carson LV, Goodrich JT, Prestigiacomo CJ. History of craniotomy, cranioplasty, and perioperative care. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS1470. PMID: 24684341.

1558: Assina R, Sarris CE, Mammis A. The history of craniotomy for headache treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13549. PMID: 24684340.

1559: Chorney MA, Gandhi CD, Prestigiacomo CJ. Berengario's drill: origin and inspiration. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13563. PMID: 24684339.

1560: Chivukula S, Weiner GM, Engh JA. The early days of hemostasis in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13565. PMID: 24684338.

1561: Safavi-Abbasi S, Maurer AJ, Archer JB, Hanel RA, Sughrue ME, Theodore N, Preul MC. From the notch to a glioma grading system: the neurological contributions of James Watson Kernohan. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13575. PMID: 24684337.

1562: Otvos B, Kshettry VR, Benzel EC. The history of urea as a hyperosmolar agent to decrease brain swelling. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13558. PMID: 24684336.

1563: Flanigan P, Kshettry VR, Benzel EC. World War II, tantalum, and the evolution of modern cranioplasty technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E22. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13552. PMID: 24684335.

1564: Sandler AL, Biswas A, Goodrich JT. The Reverend Russell H. Conwell, W. Wayne Babcock, and the “soup bone” cranioplasties of 1915. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E21. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13573. PMID: 24684334.

1565: Harris DA, Fong AJ, Buchanan EP, Monson L, Khechoyan D, Lam S. History of synthetic materials in alloplastic cranioplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E20. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13560. PMID: 24684333.

1566: Chivukula S, Grandhi R, Friedlander RM. A brief history of early neuroanesthesia. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13578. PMID: 24684332.

1567: Shah AM, Jung H, Skirboll S. Materials used in cranioplasty: a history and analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E19. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13561. PMID: 24684331.

1568: Bonfield CM, Kumar AR, Gerszten PC. The history of military cranioplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E18. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13504. PMID: 24684330.

1569: Ghali MG, Srinivasan VM, Jea A, Lam S. Craniosynostosis surgery: the legacy of Paul Tessier. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13562. PMID: 24684329.

1570: Bir SC, Ambekar S, Notarianni C, Nanda A. Odilon Marc Lannelongue (1840-1911) and strip craniectomy for craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13559. PMID: 24684328.

1571: Malekpour M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Making the “inoperable” tumors “operable”: Harvey Cushing's contributions to the surgery of posterior fossa tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13580. PMID: 24684327.

1572: Morales-Valero SF, Van Gompel JJ, Loumiotis I, Lanzino G. Craniotomy for anterior cranial fossa meningiomas: historical overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13569. PMID: 24684326.

1573: Ormond DR, Hadjipanayis CG. The history of neurosurgery and its relation to the development and refinement of the frontotemporal craniotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13548. PMID: 24684325.

1574: Ottenhausen M, Bodhinayake I, Evins AI, Banu M, Boockvar JA, Bernardo A. Expanding the borders: the evolution of neurosurgical approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13547. PMID: 24684324.

1575: Wright JM, Huang CL, Sharma R, Manjila S, Xu F, Dabb B, Bambakidis NC. Cardiac standstill and circulatory flow arrest in surgical treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a historical review. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.2.FOCUS13554. PMID: 24684323.

1576: Molnár M, János I, Szűcs L, Szathmáry L. Artificially deformed crania from the Hun-Germanic Period (5th-6th century ad) in northeastern Hungary: historical and morphological analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Apr;36(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.focus13466. PMID: 24684322.

1577: Drazin D, Kim TT, Polly DW Jr, Johnson JP. Introduction: Intraoperative spinal imaging and navigation. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS1425. PMID: 24580011.

1578: Rodriguez A, Neal MT, Liu A, Somasundaram A, Hsu W, Branch CL Jr. Novel placement of cortical bone trajectory screws in previously instrumented pedicles for adjacent-segment lumbar disease using CT image-guided navigation. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13521. PMID: 24580010.

1579: Johnson JP, Drazin D, King WA, Kim TT. Image-guided navigation and video- assisted thoracoscopic spine surgery: the second generation. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13532. PMID: 24580009.

1580: Rivkin MA, Yocom SS. Thoracolumbar instrumentation with CT-guided navigation (O-arm) in 270 consecutive patients: accuracy rates and lessons learned. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13499. PMID: 24580008.

1581: Jeswani S, Drazin D, Hsieh JC, Shweikeh F, Friedman E, Pashman R, Johnson JP, Kim TT. Instrumenting the small thoracic pedicle: the role of intraoperative computed tomography image-guided surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13527. PMID: 24580007.

1582: Guppy KH, Chakrabarti I, Banerjee A. The use of intraoperative navigation for complex upper cervical spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13514. PMID: 24580006.

1583: Choudhri O, Mindea SA, Feroze A, Soudry E, Chang SD, Nayak JV. Experience with intraoperative navigation and imaging during endoscopic transnasal spinal approaches to the foramen magnum and odontoid. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13533. PMID: 24580005.

1584: Rahmathulla G, Nottmeier EW, Pirris SM, Deen HG, Pichelmann MA. Intraoperative image-guided spinal navigation: technical pitfalls and their avoidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13516. PMID: 24580004.

1585: Hsieh JC, Drazin D, Firempong AO, Pashman R, Johnson JP, Kim TT. Accuracy of intraoperative computed tomography image-guided surgery in placing pedicle and pelvic screws for primary versus revision spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13525. PMID: 24580003.

1586: Shweikeh F, Amadio JP, Arnell M, Barnard ZR, Kim TT, Johnson JP, Drazin D. Robotics and the spine: a review of current and ongoing applications. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13526. PMID: 24580002.

1587: Kim TT, Drazin D, Shweikeh F, Pashman R, Johnson JP. Clinical and radiographic outcomes of minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screw placement with intraoperative CT (O-arm) image guidance navigation. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Mar;36(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2014.1.FOCUS13531. PMID: 24580001.

1588: Cohen-Gadol AA, Roberts DW, Hadjipanayis CG. Evolving applications of fluorescence technology in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2013.12.FOCUS13582. PMID: 24484263.

1589: Mooney MA, Zehri AH, Georges JF, Nakaji P. Laser scanning confocal endomicroscopy in the neurosurgical operating room: a review and discussion of future applications. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13484. PMID: 24484262.

1590: Georges J, Zehri A, Carlson E, Nichols J, Mooney MA, Martirosyan NL, Ghaffari L, Kalani MY, Eschbacher J, Feuerstein B, Anderson T, Preul MC, Van Keuren-Jensen K, Nakaji P. Label-free microscopic assessment of glioblastoma biopsy specimens prior to biobanking [corrected]. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13478. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jun;36(6). doi:10.3171/2014.4.FOCUS13478a. PMID: 24484261.

1591: Roessler K, Krawagna M, Dörfler A, Buchfelder M, Ganslandt O. Essentials in intraoperative indocyanine green videoangiography assessment for intracranial aneurysm surgery: conclusions from 295 consecutively clipped aneurysms and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13475. PMID: 24484260.

1592: Berger MS. The fluorescein-guided technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13535. PMID: 24484259.

1593: Acerbi F, Broggi M, Eoli M, Anghileri E, Cavallo C, Boffano C, Cordella R, Cuppini L, Pollo B, Schiariti M, Visintini S, Orsi C, La Corte E, Broggi G, Ferroli P. Is fluorescein-guided technique able to help in resection of high- grade gliomas? Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13487. PMID: 24484258.

1594: Berger MS. Use of 5-aminolevulinic acid helps see the way beyond MRI. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.12.FOCUS13553. PMID: 24484257.

1595: Coburger J, Engelke J, Scheuerle A, Thal DR, Hlavac M, Wirtz CR, König R. Tumor detection with 5-aminolevulinic acid fluorescence and Gd-DTPA-enhanced intraoperative MRI at the border of contrast-enhancing lesions: a prospective study based on histopathological assessment. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13463. PMID: 24484256.

1596: Roberts DW. Applications of fluorescent technology in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.12.FOCUS13546. PMID: 24484255.

1597: Martirosyan NL, Georges J, Eschbacher JM, Cavalcanti DD, Elhadi AM, Abdelwahab MG, Scheck AC, Nakaji P, Spetzler RF, Preul MC. Potential application of a handheld confocal endomicroscope imaging system using a variety of fluorophores in experimental gliomas and normal brain. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13486. PMID: 24484254.

1598: Lane BC, Cohen-Gadol AA. A prospective study of microscope-integrated intraoperative fluorescein videoangiography during arteriovenous malformation surgery: preliminary results. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13483. PMID: 24484253.

1599: Januszewski J, Beecher JS, Chalif DJ, Dehdashti AR. Flow-based evaluation of cerebral revascularization using near-infrared indocyanine green videoangiography. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2013.12.FOCUS13473. PMID: 24484252.

1600: Della Puppa A, Rustemi O, Gioffrè G, Rolma G, Grandis M, Munari M, Scienza R. Application of indocyanine green video angiography in parasagittal meningioma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2013.12.FOCUS13385. PMID: 24484251.

1601: Fenton KE, Martirosyan NL, Abdelwahab MG, Coons SW, Preul MC, Scheck AC. In vivo visualization of GL261-luc2 mouse glioma cells by use of Alexa Fluor- labeled TRP-2 antibodies. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2013.12.FOCUS13488. PMID: 24484250.

1602: Millesi M, Kiesel B, Woehrer A, Hainfellner JA, Novak K, Martínez-Moreno M, Wolfsberger S, Knosp E, Widhalm G. Analysis of 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced fluorescence in 55 different spinal tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2013.12.FOCUS13485. PMID: 24484249.

1603: Marbacher S, Klinger E, Schwyzer L, Fischer I, Nevzati E, Diepers M, Roelcke U, Fathi AR, Coluccia D, Fandino J. Use of fluorescence to guide resection or biopsy of primary brain tumors and brain metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2013.12.FOCUS13464. PMID: 24484248.

1604: Butte PV, Mamelak A, Parrish-Novak J, Drazin D, Shweikeh F, Gangalum PR, Chesnokova A, Ljubimova JY, Black K. Near-infrared imaging of brain tumors using the Tumor Paint BLZ-100 to achieve near-complete resection of brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Feb;36(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13497. PMID: 24484247.

1605: Backous DD. Cochlear implant placement: round window approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13537. PMID: 24380531.

1606: Rodgers SD, McMenomey SO, Sen C. Partial labyrinthectomy presigmoid transpetrosal resection of petroclival meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13425. PMID: 24380530.

1607: Safain MG, Dent WC, Heilman CB. An endoscopic assisted retrosigmoid approach to the cerebello-pontine angle for resection of an epidermoid cyst. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13437. PMID: 24380529.

1608: Karampelas I, Wick C, Semaan M, Megerian CA, Bambakidis NC. Translabyrinthine resection of small intracanalicular acoustic tumor. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13448. PMID: 24380528.

1609: Couldwell WT, Shelton C. Transtemporal approach to the removal of a lateral pontine tumor. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13439. PMID: 24380527.

1610: Amenta PS, Morcos JJ. Left-sided retrosigmoid craniotomy for the resection of a vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13450. PMID: 24380526.

1611: Schwartz MS, Lekovic GP, Brackmann DE, Voelker CC. Translabyrinthine resection of neurofibromatosis type 2 associated vestibular and facial schwannomas, repair of facial nerve, and placement of auditory brainstem implant. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13429. PMID: 24380525.

1612: Lee B, Marquez YD, Giannotta SL. Resection of a cystic brainstem hemangioblastoma via a retrosigmoid approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13434. PMID: 24380524.

1613: Forbes JA, Carlson ML, Godil SS, Bennett ML, Wanna GB, Weaver KD. Retrosigmoid craniotomy for resection of acoustic neuroma with hearing preservation: a video publication. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1-2. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13451. PMID: 24380523.

1614: Asaoka K, Terasaka S. Combined petrosal approach for resection of petroclival meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13446. PMID: 24380522.

1615: Russin J, Fusco DJ, Spetzler RF. Left retrosigmoid craniotomy for cavernous malformation of the middle cerebellar peduncle. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13452. PMID: 24380521.

1616: Cıkla U, Kujoth GC, Başkaya MK. A stepwise illustration of the retrosigmoid approach for resection of a cerebellopontine meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13445. PMID: 24380520.

1617: Raza SM, DeMonte F. Retrosigmoid craniotomy for cerebellopontine angle/petroclival epidermoid cyst. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13436. PMID: 24380519.

1618: Liu JK, Jyung RW. Combined transmastoid middle fossa approach for giant cholesterol granuloma of the petrous apex: technique for “dual exhaust” drainage. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13417. PMID: 24380518.

1619: Abla AA, Englot DJ, Lawton ML. Retrosigmoid craniotomy for clipping of two vertebrobasilar junction aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13443. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. PMID: 24380517.

1620: Abla AA, Clark AJ, Lawton ML. Resection of pontine cavernous malformation through the pontomedullary sulcus. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13442. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. PMID: 24380516.

1621: de Souza DG, Ditzel Filho LF, Makonnen G, Zoli M, Naudy C, Muto J, Prevedello DM. Retrosigmoid approach for resection of petrous apex meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13456. PMID: 24380515.

1622: Liu JK, Jyung RW. Retractorless translabyrinthine approach for resection of a large acoustic neuroma: operative video and technical nuances. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13441. PMID: 24380514.

1623: Nanda A, Ambekar S. Retrosigmoid approach for resection of petroclival meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13440. PMID: 24380513.

1624: Sheth SA, Tirino JL, Martuza RL. Vestibular schwannoma: suboccipital approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13318. PMID: 24380512.

1625: Tan LA, Gerard CS, Ahuja SK, Moftakhar R. Retrosigmoid approach for resection of cerebellopontine angle meningioma and decompression of the trigeminal nerve. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13421. PMID: 24380511.

1626: Cohen-Gadol AA. Resection of large epidermoid tumors ventral to the brainstem: techniques to expand the operative corridor across the basilar artery. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13308. PMID: 24380510.

1627: Tan LA, Fontes RB, Byrne RW. Retrosigmoid approach for resection of an extraventricular choroid plexus papilloma in the cerebellopontine angle. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1 Suppl):1. doi: 10.3171/2014.V1.FOCUS13271. PMID: 24380509.

1628: Lanzino G, Brown RD Jr. Introduction: management of ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):1-2. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13513. PMID: 24380487.

1629: Reynolds MR, Derdeyn CP, Grubb RL Jr, Powers WJ, Zipfel GJ. Extracranial- intracranial bypass for ischemic cerebrovascular disease: what have we learned from the Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study? Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13427. PMID: 24380486.

1630: Cloft H. Workforce needs for endovascular acute ischemic stroke therapy: myth or reality? Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2013.9.FOCUS13372. PMID: 24380485.

1631: Agarwal N, Gala NB, Karimi RJ, Turbin RE, Gandhi CD, Prestigiacomo CJ. Current endovascular treatment options for central retinal arterial occlusion: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13331. PMID: 24380484.

1632: Chalouhi N, Tjoumakaris S, Starke RM, Hasan D, Sidhu N, Singhal S, Hann S, Gonzalez LF, Rosenwasser R, Jabbour P. Endovascular stroke intervention in young patients with large vessel occlusions. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.9.FOCUS13398. PMID: 24380483.

1633: Mokin M, Khalessi AA, Mocco J, Lanzino G, Dumont TM, Hanel RA, Lopes DK, Fessler RD 2nd, Ringer AJ, Bendok BR, Veznedaroglu E, Siddiqui AH, Hopkins LN, Levy EI. Endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke: the end or just the beginning? Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13374. PMID: 24380482.

1634: Rubin MN, Demaerschalk BM. The use of telemedicine in the management of acute stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.11.FOCUS13428. PMID: 24380481.

1635: Tong E, Hou Q, Fiebach JB, Wintermark M. The role of imaging in acute ischemic stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13396. PMID: 24380480.

1636: Morales-Valero SF, Lanzino G. Asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis: time to rethink our therapeutic options? Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13389. PMID: 24380479.

1637: Kennedy BC, McDowell MM, Yang PH, Wilson CM, Li S, Hankinson TC, Feldstein NA, Anderson RC. Pial synangiosis for moyamoya syndrome in children with sickle cell anemia: a comprehensive review of reported cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13405. PMID: 24380478.

1638: Khanna A, Walcott BP, Kahle KT, Simard JM. Effect of glibenclamide on the prevention of secondary brain injury following ischemic stroke in humans. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13404. PMID: 24380477; PMCID: PMC4234034.

1639: Katz BS, Flemming KD. Antithrombotic selection and risk factor management in ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13402. PMID: 24380476.

1640: DeMarco JK, Huston J 3rd. Imaging of high-risk carotid artery plaques: current status and future directions. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan;36(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13384. PMID: 24380475.

1641: Burkhardt JK, Krayenbühl N. Response. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Nov;35(5):E8. PMID: 24340776.

1642: Giannotta SL, Chin LS, Selman WR. Meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13461. PMID: 24289135.

1643: Mazur MD, Cutler A, Couldwell WT, Taussky P. Management of meningiomas involving the transverse or sigmoid sinus. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13340. PMID: 24289134.

1644: Klinger DR, Flores BC, Lewis JJ, Barnett SL. The treatment of cavernous sinus meningiomas: evolution of a modern approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2013.9.FOCUS13345. PMID: 24289133.

1645: Nanda A, Ambekar S, Javalkar V, Sharma M. Technical nuances in the management of tuberculum sellae and diaphragma sellae meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13350. PMID: 24289132.

1646: Kulwin C, Schwartz TH, Cohen-Gadol AA. Endoscopic extended transsphenoidal resection of tuberculum sellae meningiomas: nuances of neurosurgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13338. PMID: 24289131.

1647: He S, Pham MH, Pease M, Zada G, Giannotta SL, Wang K, Mack WJ. A review of epigenetic and gene expression alterations associated with intracranial meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13360. PMID: 24289130.

1648: De La Garza-Ramos R, Flores-Rodríguez JV, Martínez-Gutiérrez JC, Ruiz- Valls A, Caro-Osorio E. Current standing and frontiers of gene therapy for meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13305. PMID: 24289129.

1649: Chang X, Shi L, Gao F, Russin J, Zeng L, He S, Chen TC, Giannotta SL, Weisenberger DJ, Zada G, Wang K, Mack WJ. Genomic and transcriptome analysis revealing an oncogenic functional module in meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13326. PMID: 24289128.

1650: Hou J, Kshettry VR, Selman WR, Bambakidis NC. Peritumoral brain edema in intracranial meningiomas: the emergence of vascular endothelial growth factor- directed therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13301. PMID: 24289127.

1651: Moazzam AA, Wagle N, Zada G. Recent developments in chemotherapy for meningiomas: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E18. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13341. PMID: 24289126.

1652: Singla A, Deshaies EM, Melnyk V, Toshkezi G, Swarnkar A, Choi H, Chin LS. Controversies in the role of preoperative embolization in meningioma management. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2013.9.FOCUS13351. PMID: 24289125.

1653: Ding D, Starke RM, Hantzmon J, Yen CP, Williams BJ, Sheehan JP. The role of radiosurgery in the management of WHO Grade II and III intracranial meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2013.9.FOCUS13364. PMID: 24289124.

1654: Lee KD, DePowell JJ, Air EL, Dwivedi AK, Kendler A, McPherson CM. Atypical meningiomas: is postoperative radiotherapy indicated? Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2013.9.FOCUS13325. PMID: 24289123.

1655: Kuhn EN, Taksler GB, Dayton O, Loganathan AG, Vern-Gross TZ, Bourland JD, Laxton AW, Chan MD, Tatter SB. Patterns of recurrence after stereotactic radiosurgery for treatment of meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13283. PMID: 24289122.

1656: Manjila S, Cox EM, Smith GA, Corriveau M, Chhabra N, Johnson F, Geertman RT. Extracranial ligation of ethmoidal arteries before resection of giant olfactory groove or planum sphenoidale meningiomas: 3 illustrative cases with a review of the literature on surgical techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13327. PMID: 24289121.

1657: Flores BC, Boudreaux BP, Klinger DR, Mickey BE, Barnett SL. The far- lateral approach for foramen magnum meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13332. PMID: 24289120.

1658: Xu F, Karampelas I, Megerian CA, Selman WR, Bambakidis NC. Petroclival meningiomas: an update on surgical approaches, decision making, and treatment results. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2013.9.FOCUS13319. PMID: 24289119.

1659: Agarwal V, Babu R, Grier J, Adogwa O, Back A, Friedman AH, Fukushima T, Adamson C. Cerebellopontine angle meningiomas: postoperative outcomes in a modern cohort. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2013.10.FOCUS13367. PMID: 24289118.

1660: Zada G, Yashar P, Robison A, Winer J, Khalessi A, Mack WJ, Giannotta SL. A proposed grading system for standardizing tumor consistency of intracranial meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec;35(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13274. PMID: 24289117.

1661: Bekelis K, Roberts DW. Response. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Oct;35(4):E6. PMID: 24205519.

1662: Sheth SA, Eskandar EN, Liker MA. Introduction: Evolving trends in movement disorder surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Nov;35(5):introduction. doi: 10.3171/2013.9.FOCUS13392. PMID: 24175869.

1663: Rossetto M, Persano L, Scienza R, Della Puppa A. Hydrocephalus after meningioma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Nov;35(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12214. PMID: 24175868.

1664: Olaya JE, Christian E, Ferman D, Luc Q, Krieger MD, Sanger TD, Liker MA. Deep brain stimulation in children and young adults with secondary dystonia: the Children's Hospital Los Angeles experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Nov;35(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13300. PMID: 24175867.

1665: Gump WC, Mutchnick IS, Moriarty TM. Selective dorsal rhizotomy for spasticity not associated with cerebral palsy: reconsideration of surgical inclusion criteria. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Nov;35(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13294. PMID: 24175866.

1666: Bulluss KJ, Pereira EA, Joint C, Aziz TZ. Pallidotomy after chronic deep brain stimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Nov;35(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13293. PMID: 24175865.

1667: Rotsides J, Mammis A. The use of deep brain stimulation in Tourette's syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Nov;35(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13292. PMID: 24175864.

1668: Jonker PK, van Dijk JM, van Hulzen AL, van Laar T, Staal MJ, Journée HL. The added value of semimicroelectrode recording in deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus for Parkinson disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Nov;35(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13289. PMID: 24175863.

1669: Sharma M, Ambekar S, Guthikonda B, Wilden J, Nanda A. Regional trends and the impact of various patient and hospital factors on outcomes and costs of hospitalization between academic and nonacademic centers after deep brain stimulation surgery for Parkinson's disease: a United States Nationwide Inpatient Sample analysis from 2006 to 2010. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Nov;35(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13295. PMID: 24175862.

1670: Karas PJ, Mikell CB, Christian E, Liker MA, Sheth SA. Deep brain stimulation: a mechanistic and clinical update. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Nov;35(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.9.FOCUS13383. PMID: 24175861.

1671: Jane JA Jr, Krieger MD, Cohen AR. Management of plagiocephaly. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Oct;35(4):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13322. PMID: 24079786.

1672: Della Puppa A, Scienza R. 5-Aminolevulinic acid-guided resection of bone- invasive meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Oct;35(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12236. PMID: 24079785.

1673: Cloft HJ. Comparative effectiveness of treatments for cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Oct;35(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.8.FOCUS12293. PMID: 24079784.

1674: Couture DE, Crantford JC, Somasundaram A, Sanger C, Argenta AE, David LR. Efficacy of passive helmet therapy for deformational plagiocephaly: report of 1050 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Oct;35(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13258. PMID: 24079783.

1675: Gump WC, Mutchnick IS, Moriarty TM. Complications associated with molding helmet therapy for positional plagiocephaly: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Oct;35(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS13224. PMID: 24079782.

1676: Goh JL, Bauer DF, Durham SR, Stotland MA. Orthotic (helmet) therapy in the treatment of plagiocephaly. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Oct;35(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.7.FOCUS13260. PMID: 24079781.

1677: Shweikeh F, Nuño M, Danielpour M, Krieger MD, Drazin D. Positional plagiocephaly: an analysis of the literature on the effectiveness of current guidelines. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Oct;35(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.8.FOCUS13261. PMID: 24079780.

1678: Viswanathan A, Burchiel KJ. Intractable pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2013.7.FOCUS13277. PMID: 23991823.

1679: Hann S, Sharan A. Dual occipital and supraorbital nerve stimulation for chronic migraine: a single-center experience, review of literature, and surgical considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2013.6.FOCUS13233. PMID: 23991822.

1680: Coffey RJ. Thalamic DBS and neuropathic pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2013.7.FOCUS13275. PMID: 23991821.

1681: Pereira EA, Boccard SG, Linhares P, Chamadoira C, Rosas MJ, Abreu P, Rebelo V, Vaz R, Aziz TZ. Thalamic deep brain stimulation for neuropathic pain after amputation or brachial plexus avulsion. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2013.7.FOCUS1346. PMID: 23991820.

1682: Viswanathan A, Bruera E. Cordotomy for treatment of cancer-related pain: patient selection and intervention timing. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.6.FOCUS13237. PMID: 23991819.

1683: Thompson EM, Burchiel KJ, Raslan AM. Percutaneous trigeminal tractotomy- nucleotomy with use of intraoperative computed tomography and general anesthesia: report of 2 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2013.6.FOCUS13218. PMID: 23991818.

1684: Khalessi AA, Giannotta S. Proposed Surgical Trigeminal Neuralgia Score checklist. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.7.FOCUS13276. PMID: 23991817.

1685: Akram H, Mirza B, Kitchen N, Zakrzewska JM. Proposal for evaluating the quality of reports of surgical interventions in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia: the Surgical Trigeminal Neuralgia Score. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.6.FOCUS13213. PMID: 23991816.

1686: Tandon A, Chandela S, Langer D, Sen C. A novel sling technique for microvascular decompression of a rare anomalous vertebral artery causing cervical radiculopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.6.FOCUS1339. PMID: 23991815.

1687: Vadivelu S, Willsey M, Curry DJ, McDonald JW 3rd. Potential role of stem cells for neuropathic pain disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2013.6.FOCUS13235. PMID: 23991814.

1688: Feletti A, Santi GZ, Sammartino F, Bevilacqua M, Cisotto P, Longatti P. Peripheral trigeminal nerve field stimulation: report of 6 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2013.7.FOCUS13228. PMID: 23991813.

1689: Viswanathan A, Harsh V, Pereira EA, Aziz TZ. Cingulotomy for medically refractory cancer pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep;35(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.6.FOCUS13236. PMID: 23991812.

1690: Oskouian RJ Jr, Uribe JS. Introduction: minimally invasive spine surgery: the greatest advance in medicine? Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2013.6.FOCUS13251. PMID: 23905961.

1691: Burke SM, Safain MG, Kryzanski J, Riesenburger RI. Nerve root anomalies: implications for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion surgery and a review of the Neidre and Macnab classification system. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1349. PMID: 23905960.

1692: Clark JC, Jasmer G, Marciano FF, Tumialán LM. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusions and fluoroscopy: a low-dose protocol to minimize ionizing radiation. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS13144. PMID: 23905959.

1693: Silva PS, Pereira P, Monteiro P, Silva PA, Vaz R. Learning curve and complications of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS13157. PMID: 23905958.

1694: Cheng JS, Park P, Le H, Reisner L, Chou D, Mummaneni PV. Short-term and long-term outcomes of minimally invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusions: is there a difference? Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS1377. PMID: 23905957.

1695: Gandhi RH, German JW. Minimally invasive approach for the treatment of intradural spinal pathology. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS13163. PMID: 23905956.

1696: Deukmedjian AR, Ahmadian A, Bach K, Zouzias A, Uribe JS. Minimally invasive lateral approach for adult degenerative scoliosis: lessons learned. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS13173. PMID: 23905955.

1697: Tian NF, Wu AM, Wu LJ, Wu XL, Wu YS, Zhang XL, Xu HZ, Chi YL. Incidence of heterotopic ossification after implantation of interspinous process devices. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS12406. PMID: 23905954.

1698: Grossbach AJ, Dahdaleh NS, Abel TJ, Woods GD, Dlouhy BJ, Hitchon PW. Flexion-distraction injuries of the thoracolumbar spine: open fusion versus percutaneous pedicle screw fixation. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.6.FOCUS13176. PMID: 23905953.

1699: Hickman ZL, McDowell MM, Barton SM, Sussman ES, Grunstein E, Anderson RC. Transnasal endoscopic approach to the pediatric craniovertebral junction and rostral cervical spine: case series and literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS13147. PMID: 23905952.

1700: Dahdaleh NS, Nixon AT, Lawton CD, Wong AP, Smith ZA, Fessler RG. Outcome following unilateral versus bilateral instrumentation in patients undergoing minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: a single-center randomized prospective study. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS13171. PMID: 23905951.

1701: Moses ZB, Mayer RR, Strickland BA, Kretzer RM, Wolinsky JP, Gokaslan ZL, Baaj AA. Neuronavigation in minimally invasive spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS13150. PMID: 23905950.

1702: Choi UY, Park JY, Kim KH, Kuh SU, Chin DK, Kim KS, Cho YE. Unilateral versus bilateral percutaneous pedicle screw fixation in minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12398. PMID: 23905949.

1703: Lau D, Khan A, Terman SW, Yee T, La Marca F, Park P. Comparison of perioperative outcomes following open versus minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in obese patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS13154. PMID: 23905948.

1704: Eicker SO, Rhee S, Steiger HJ, Herdmann J, Floeth FW. Transtubular microsurgical approach to treating extraforaminal lumbar disc herniations. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Aug;35(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.4.FOCUS13126. PMID: 23905947.

1705: Barbagallo GM, Certo F, Sciacca G, Albanese V. Bilateral tubular minimally invasive approach for decompression, reduction and fixation in lumbosacral lythic spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 9. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13196. PMID: 23829858.

1706: Geisler F. Stabilization of the sacroiliac joint with the SI-bone surgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 8. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13195. PMID: 23829857.

1707: Deutsch H. Minimally invasive lumbar foraminotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 7. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13193. PMID: 23829856.

1708: Tan LA, Takagi I, Deutsch H. Minimally invasive transpedicular approach for evacuation of epidural abscess and debridement of disc space in a patient with discitis in the thoracic spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 6. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13192. PMID: 23829855.

1709: Fontes RB, Tan LA, O'Toole JE. Minimally invasive treatment of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula with the use of intraoperative indocyanine green angiography. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 5. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13191. PMID: 23829854.

1710: Chen KS, Than KD, Lamarca F, Park P. Minimally invasive unilateral approach for bilateral decompression of spinal stenosis and modified transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 4. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13190. PMID: 23829853.

1711: Chen KS, Than KD, LaMarca F, Park P. Minimally invasive deformity correction: surgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 3. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13189. PMID: 23829852.

1712: Kanter AS, Gandhoke GS. Lateral lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 20. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13230. PMID: 23829851.

1713: Amin BY, Tu TH, Mummaneni PV. Mini-open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 2. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13187. PMID: 23829850.

1714: Kimball J, Yew A, Getachew R, Lu DC. Minimally invasive tubular surgery for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 19. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13227. PMID: 23829849.

1715: Yew A, Kimball J, Pezeshkian P, Lu DC. Minimally invasive palliative resection of lumbar epidural metastasis. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 18. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13225. PMID: 23829848.

1716: Ahmadian A, Uribe JS. Mini-open lateral retro-pleural thoracic corpectomy for osteomyelitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 17. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13221. PMID: 23829847.

1717: Upadhyaya CD, Fewel ME. Intraoperative navigation assisted placement of percutaneous pedicle screws. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 16. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13220. PMID: 23829846.

1718: Kimball J, Yew A, Lu DC. Minimally invasive surgery for lumbar microdiscectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 15. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13219. PMID: 23829845.

1719: Upadhyaya C, Ziewacs J, Mummaneni P. Mini-open posterior approach for adult deformity correction. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 14. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13217. PMID: 23829844.

1720: Gragnaniello C, Seex KA. Anterior to psoas fusion of the lumbar spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 13. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13207. PMID: 23829843.

1721: Rodgers SD, Engler JA, Perin NL. A novel approach to the lumbar sympathetic chain: lateral access. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 12. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13204. PMID: 23829842.

1722: Liao CH, Wu JC, Huang WC, Wang WH, Chang PY, Cheng H, Yang-Shih. Endoscope-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal thoracic interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 11. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13203. PMID: 23829841.

1723: Amin BY, Mummaneni PV, Ibrahim T, Zouzias A, Uribe J. Four-level minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion for treatment of degenerative scoliosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 10. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13198. PMID: 23829840.

1724: Wang MY. Less invasive mini-open adult spinal deformity surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Video 1. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13186. PMID: 23829839.

1725: Mummaneni PV. Introduction: minimally invasive spine surgery video supplement. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Intro. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13269. PMID: 23829838.

1726: Shaffrey CI, Smith JS. Stabilization of the sacroiliac joint. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(2 Suppl):Editorial. doi: 10.3171/2013.V2.FOCUS13273. PMID: 23829837.

1727: Benzel EC, Ghogawala Z. Introduction: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.FOCUS13211. PMID: 23815255.

1728: Fujimori T, Le H, Ziewacz JE, Chou D, Mummaneni PV. Is there a difference in range of motion, neck pain, and outcomes in patients with ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament versus those with cervical spondylosis, treated with plated laminoplasty? Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2013.4.FOCUS1394. PMID: 23815254.

1729: Dahdaleh NS, Wong AP, Smith ZA, Wong RH, Lam SK, Fessler RG. Microendoscopic decompression for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS135. PMID: 23815253.

1730: Clark AJ, Ziewacz JE, Safaee M, Lau D, Lyon R, Chou D, Weinstein PR, Ames CP, Clark JP 3rd, Mummaneni PV. Intraoperative neuromonitoring with MEPs and prediction of postoperative neurological deficits in patients undergoing surgery for cervical and cervicothoracic myelopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2013.4.FOCUS13121. PMID: 23815252.

1731: Dahdaleh NS, Lawton CD, El Ahmadieh TY, Nixon AT, El Tecle NE, Oh S, Fessler RG, Smith ZA. Evidence-based management of central cord syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS13101. PMID: 23815251.

1732: Alvin MD, Lubelski D, Benzel EC, Mroz TE. Ventral fusion versus dorsal fusion: determining the optimal treatment for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2013.4.FOCUS13103. PMID: 23815250.

1733: Burkhardt JK, Mannion AF, Marbacher S, Dolp PA, Fekete TF, Jeszenszky D, Porchet F. A comparative effectiveness study of patient-rated and radiographic outcome after 2 types of decompression with fusion for spondylotic myelopathy: anterior cervical discectomy versus corpectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1396. PMID: 23815249.

1734: Bisson EF, Sauri-Barraza JC, Niazi T, Schmidt MH. Synovial cysts of the cervicothoracic junction causing myelopathy: report of 3 cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1385. PMID: 23815248.

1735: Eicker SO, Langen KJ, Galldiks N, Stoffels G, Herdmann J, Steiger HJ, Floeth FW. Clinical value of 2-deoxy-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1379. PMID: 23815247.

1736: Wu JC, Ko CC, Yen YS, Huang WC, Chen YC, Liu L, Tu TH, Lo SS, Cheng H. Epidemiology of cervical spondylotic myelopathy and its risk of causing spinal cord injury: a national cohort study. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2013.4.FOCUS13122. PMID: 23815246.

1737: Behrbalk E, Salame K, Regev GJ, Keynan O, Boszczyk B, Lidar Z. Delayed diagnosis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy by primary care physicians. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jul;35(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1374. PMID: 23815245.

1738: Zuckerman SL, Solomon GS, Sills AK. Response. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E16. PMID: 23767075.

1739: Eisenberg HM, Liu CY, Sagher O. Epilepsy surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):1. doi: 10.3171/2013.4.focus13138. PMID: 23724844.

1740: Vadera S, Jehi L, Burgess RC, Shea K, Alexopoulos AV, Mosher J, Gonzalez- Martinez J, Bingaman W. Correlation between magnetoencephalography-based “clusterectomy” and postoperative seizure freedom. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2013.4.FOCUS1357. PMID: 23724843.

1741: Poliachik SL, Poliakov AV, Jansen LA, McDaniel SS, Wray CD, Kuratani J, Saneto RP, Ojemann JG, Novotny EJ Jr. Tissue localization during resective epilepsy surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1360. PMID: 23724842.

1742: Mittal S, Mittal M, Montes JL, Farmer JP, Andermann F. Hypothalamic hamartomas. Part 2. Surgical considerations and outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1356. PMID: 23724841.

1743: Mittal S, Mittal M, Montes JL, Farmer JP, Andermann F. Hypothalamic hamartomas. Part 1. Clinical, neuroimaging, and neurophysiological characteristics. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1355. PMID: 23724840.

1744: Juhász C, Buth A, Chugani DC, Kupsky WJ, Chugani HT, Shah AK, Mittal S. Successful surgical treatment of an inflammatory lesion associated with new- onset refractory status epilepticus. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1336. PMID: 23724839; PMCID: PMC3880136.

1745: Bentley JN, Chestek C, Stacey WC, Patil PG. Optogenetics in epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1364. PMID: 23724838.

1746: Vadera S, Marathe AR, Gonzalez-Martinez J, Taylor DM. Stereoelectroencephalography for continuous two-dimensional cursor control in a brain-machine interface. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1373. PMID: 23724837.

1747: Vale FL, Reintjes S, Garcia HG. Complications after mesial temporal lobe surgery via inferiortemporal gyrus approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1354. PMID: 23724836.

1748: Beier AD, Rutka JT. Hemispherectomy: historical review and recent technical advances. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1341. PMID: 23724835.

1749: Dorfer C, Czech T, Mühlebner-Fahrngruber A, Mert A, Gröppel G, Novak K, Dressler A, Reiter-Fink E, Traub-Weidinger T, Feucht M. Disconnective surgery in posterior quadrantic epilepsy: experience in a consecutive series of 10 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1362. PMID: 23724834.

1750: Gump WC, Skjei KL, Karkare SN. Seizure control after subtotal lesional resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jun;34(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1348. PMID: 23724833.

1751: Newell DW. Intracerebral hemorrhage: a changing landscape. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS13125. PMID: 23634929.

1752: Belur PK, Chang JJ, He S, Emanuel BA, Mack WJ. Emerging experimental therapies for intracerebral hemorrhage: targeting mechanisms of secondary brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1317. PMID: 23634928.

1753: Neugebauer H, Witsch J, Zweckberger K, Jüttler E. Space-occupying cerebellar infarction: complications, treatment, and outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12363. PMID: 23634927.

1754: Awad AJ, Walcott BP, Stapleton CJ, Yanamadala V, Nahed BV, Coumans JV. Dabigatran, intracranial hemorrhage, and the neurosurgeon. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1323. PMID: 23634926.

1755: James RF, Palys V, Lomboy JR, Lamm JR Jr, Simon SD. The role of anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents, and their reversal strategies in the management of intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1328. PMID: 23634925.

1756: Takeuchi S, Wada K, Nagatani K, Otani N, Mori K. Decompressive hemicraniectomy for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12424. PMID: 23634924.

1757: Heuts SG, Bruce SS, Zacharia BE, Hickman ZL, Kellner CP, Sussman ES, McDowell MM, Bruce RA, Connolly ES Jr. Decompressive hemicraniectomy without clot evacuation in dominant-sided intracerebral hemorrhage with ICP crisis. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1326. PMID: 23634923.

1758: Hayes SB, Benveniste RJ, Morcos JJ, Aziz-Sultan MA, Elhammady MS. Retrospective comparison of craniotomy and decompressive craniectomy for surgical evacuation of nontraumatic, supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12422. PMID: 23634922.

1759: Goren O, Monteith SJ, Hadani M, Bakon M, Harnof S. Modern intraoperative imaging modalities for the vascular neurosurgeon treating intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1324. PMID: 23634921.

1760: Sosa I, Bosnar A. Concussion. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2013.1.FOCUS1331. PMID: 23634920.

1761: Daniels DJ, Vellimana AK, Zipfel GJ, Lanzino G. Intracranial hemorrhage from dural arteriovenous fistulas: clinical features and outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2013.4.FOCUS1335. PMID: 23634919.

1762: Monteith SJ, Kassell NF, Goren O, Harnof S. Transcranial MR-guided focused ultrasound sonothrombolysis in the treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1313. PMID: 23634918.

1763: Albuquerque FC. Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2013.3.FOCUS1391. PMID: 23634917.

1764: Wright K, Young P, Brickman C, Sam T, Badjatia N, Pereira M, Connolly ES, Yin MT. Rates and determinants of ventriculostomy-related infections during a hospital transition to use of antibiotic-coated external ventricular drains. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12271. PMID: 23634916.

1765: Gross BA, Lai PM, Du R. Hydrocephalus after arteriovenous malformation rupture. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12368. PMID: 23634915.

1766: Sussman ES, Kellner CP, McDowell MM, Bruce SS, Heuts SG, Zhuang Z, Bruce RA, Claassen J, Connolly ES Jr. Alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists in intracerebral hemorrhage: an evaluation of the current evidence for a novel therapeutic agent. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1315. PMID: 23634914.

1767: Kelly ML, Sulmasy DP, Weil RJ. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage and the challenge of surgical decision making: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 May;34(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1319. PMID: 23634913.

1768: Zuckerman SL, Mocco J. Response. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2013.4.FOC-LSRSabstracts. PMID: 23570493.

1769: Sankar T, Lozano AM. Introduction: functional imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1376. PMID: 23544416.

1770: Spader HS, Ellermeier A, O'Muircheartaigh J, Dean DC 3rd, Dirks H, Boxerman JL, Cosgrove GR, Deoni SC. Advances in myelin imaging with potential clinical application to pediatric imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2013.1.FOCUS12426. PMID: 23544415; PMCID: PMC3777219.

1771: Gallagher TA, Nair VA, Regner MF, Young BM, Radtke A, Pankratz J, Holdsworth RL, Baniulis D, Kornder NK, Voss J, Austin BP, Moritz C, Meyerand EM, Prabhakaran V. Characterizing the relationship between functional MRI-derived measures and clinical outcomes in patients with vascular lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12417. PMID: 23544414; PMCID: PMC3807681.

1772: Voss J, Meier TB, Freidel R, Kundu B, Nair VA, Holdsworth R, Kuo JS, Prabhakaran V. The role of secondary motor and language cortices in morbidity and mortality: a retrospective functional MRI study of surgical planning for patients with intracranial tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12410. PMID: 23544413; PMCID: PMC3817821.

1773: Kundu B, Penwarden A, Wood JM, Gallagher TA, Andreoli MJ, Voss J, Meier T, Nair VA, Kuo JS, Field AS, Moritz C, Meyerand ME, Prabhakaran V. Association of functional magnetic resonance imaging indices with postoperative language outcomes in patients with primary brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12413. PMID: 23544412; PMCID: PMC3954579.

1774: Conti A, Pontoriero A, Ricciardi GK, Granata F, Vinci S, Angileri FF, Pergolizzi S, Alafaci C, Rizzo V, Quartarone A, Germanò A, Foroni RI, De Renzis C, Tomasello F. Integration of functional neuroimaging in CyberKnife radiosurgery: feasibility and dosimetric results. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12414. PMID: 23544411.

1775: Sommer B, Grummich P, Coras R, Kasper BS, Blumcke I, Hamer HM, Stefan H, Buchfelder M, Roessler K. Integration of functional neuronavigation and intraoperative MRI in surgery for drug-resistant extratemporal epilepsy close to eloquent brain areas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS12397. PMID: 23544410.

1776: Takahashi S, Vajkoczy P, Picht T. Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation for mapping the motor cortex in patients with rolandic brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2013.1.FOCUS133. PMID: 23544409.

1777: McDowell MM, Kellner CP, Barton SM, Mikell CB, Sussman ES, Heuts SG, Connolly ES. The role of advanced neuroimaging in intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.1.FOCUS12409. PMID: 23544408.

1778: Menovsky T, Parizel MR. Letter to the editor: hemostasis. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2013.2.FOCUS1352. PMID: 23544407.

1779: Patel KS, Zhao M, Ma H, Schwartz TH. Imaging preictal hemodynamic changes in neocortical epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2013.1.FOCUS12408. PMID: 23544406; PMCID: PMC3961761.

1780: Abdullah KG, Lubelski D, Nucifora PG, Brem S. Use of diffusion tensor imaging in glioma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Apr;34(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.1.FOCUS12412. PMID: 23544405.

1781: Wang X, Thirumala PD, Shah A, Gardner P, Habeych M, Crammond DJ, Balzer J, Horowitz M. Effect of previous botulinum neurotoxin treatment on microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Mar;34(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.11.FOCUS12373. PMID: 23452316.

1782: Ross L, Drazin D, Eboli P, Lekovic GP. Atypical tumors of the facial nerve: case series and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Mar;34(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2013.1.FOCUS12380. PMID: 23452290.

1783: Rodgers SD, Marascalchi BJ, Strom RG, Huang PP. Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing syndrome secondary to an epidermoid tumor in the cerebellopontine angle. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Mar;34(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2013.1.focus12233. PMID: 23452266.

1784: Heros RC. Introduction: cranial nerve surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Mar;34(3):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2013.1.FOCUS1322. PMID: 23452240.

1785: Sarnthein J, Hejrati N, Neidert MC, Huber AM, Krayenbühl N. Facial nerve motor evoked potentials during skull base surgery to monitor facial nerve function using the threshold-level method. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Mar;34(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12386. PMID: 23451854.

1786: Schmidt RF, Yick F, Boghani Z, Eloy JA, Liu JK. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the trigeminal nerve: a systematic review of 36 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Mar;34(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.11.FOCUS12292. PMID: 23451818.

1787: Rey-Dios R, Cohen-Gadol AA. Current neurosurgical management of glossopharyngeal neuralgia and technical nuances for microvascular decompression surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Mar;34(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12391. PMID: 23451790.

1788: Thirumala PD, Ilangovan P, Habeych M, Crammond DJ, Balzer J. Analysis of interpeak latencies of brainstem auditory evoked potential waveforms during microvascular decompression of cranial nerve VII for hemifacial spasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Mar;34(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12393. PMID: 23451756.

1789: Kshettry VR, Lee JH, Ammirati M. The Dorello canal: historical development, controversies in microsurgical anatomy, and clinical implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Mar;34(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.11.FOCUS12344. PMID: 23451716.

1790: Berger MS, Carter BS. Low grade gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Feb;34(2):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12407. PMID: 23373455.

1791: Jones PS, Dunn GP, Barker FG 2nd, Curry WT, Hochberg FH, Cahill DP. Molecular genetics of low-grade gliomas: genomic alterations guiding diagnosis and therapeutic intervention. 11th annual Frye-Halloran Brain Tumor Symposium. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Feb;34(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12349. PMID: 23373454.

1792: Bagley JH, Babu R, Friedman AH, Adamson C. Improved survival in the largest national cohort of adults with cerebellar versus supratentorial low- grade astrocytomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Feb;34(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12343. PMID: 23373452.

1793: Rey-Dios R, Cohen-Gadol AA. Technical nuances for surgery of insular gliomas: lessons learned. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Feb;34(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12342. PMID: 23373451.

1794: Wilden JA, Voorhies J, Mosier KM, O'Neill DP, Cohen-Gadol AA. Strategies to maximize resection of complex, or high surgical risk, low-grade gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Feb;34(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12338. PMID: 23373450.

1795: Talacchi A, Squintani GM, Emanuele B, Tramontano V, Santini B, Savazzi S. Intraoperative cortical mapping of visuospatial functions in parietal low-grade tumors: changing perspectives of neurophysiological mapping. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Feb;34(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12358. PMID: 23373449.

1796: Rapp M, Floeth FW, Felsberg J, Steiger HJ, Sabel M, Langen KJ, Galldiks N. Clinical value of O-(2-[(18)F]-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine positron emission tomography in patients with low-grade glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Feb;34(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12336. PMID: 23373448.

1797: Dunn GP, Andronesi OC, Cahill DP. From genomics to the clinic: biological and translational insights of mutant IDH1/2 in glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Feb;34(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12355. PMID: 23373447.

1798: Marko NF, Weil RJ. The molecular biology of WHO grade II gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Feb;34(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.12.FOCUS12283. PMID: 23373446.

1799: de Lara D, Ditzel Filho LF, Muto J, Prevedello DM. Endoscopic treatment of a third ventricle choroid plexus cyst. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1 Suppl):Video 9. doi: 10.3171/2013.V1.FOCUS12332. PMID: 23282159.

1800: de Lara D, Ditzel Filho LF, Muto J, Otto BA, Carrau RL, Prevedello DM. Surgical management of craniopharyngioma with third ventricle involvement. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1 Suppl):Video 5. doi: 10.3171/2013.V1.FOCUS12330. PMID: 23282158.

1801: Chamoun R, Couldwell WT. Transcortical-transforaminal microscopic approach for purely intraventricular craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1 Suppl):Video 4. doi: 10.3171/2013.V1.FOCUS12347. PMID: 23282157.

1802: Couldwell WT. Transcallosal approach for third ventriculostomy and removal of midbrain cavernous malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1 Suppl):Video 6. doi: 10.3171/2013.V1.FOCUS12348. PMID: 23282156.

1803: Liu JK. Microsurgical resection of giant intraventricular meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1 Suppl):Video 2. doi: 10.3171/2013.V1.FOCUS12352. PMID: 23282155.

1804: Liu JK. Interhemispheric transcallosal approach for resection of intraventricular central neurocytoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1 Suppl):Video 3. doi: 10.3171/2013.V1.FOCUS12353. PMID: 23282154.

1805: Liu JK. Modified one-piece extended transbasal approach for translamina terminalis resection of retrochiasmatic third ventricular craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1 Suppl):Video 1. doi: 10.3171/2013.V1.FOCUS12354. PMID: 23282153.

1806: Margetis K, Souweidane MM. Endoscopic resection of colloid cyst in normal- sized ventricular system. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1 Suppl):Video 8. doi: 10.3171/2013.V1.FOCUS12329. PMID: 23282152.

1807: Cohen-Gadol AA. Interhemispheric transcallosal route for resection of anterior third ventricular lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1 Suppl):Video 7. doi: 10.3171/2013.V1.FOCUS12340. PMID: 23282151.

1808: Asher AL, McCormick PC, Kondziolka D. Introduction: the science of practice: addressing the challenges of modern health care. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2012.11.FOCUS12395. PMID: 23278270.

1809: Selden NR, Ghogawala Z, Harbaugh RE, Litvack ZN, McGirt MJ, Asher AL. The future of practice science: challenges and opportunities for neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.11.FOCUS12309. PMID: 23278269.

1810: McGirt MJ, Speroff T, Godil SS, Cheng JS, Selden NR, Asher AL. Outcome science in practice: an overview and initial experience at the Vanderbilt Spine Center. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12298. PMID: 23278268.

1811: McGirt MJ, Speroff T, Dittus RS, Harrell FE Jr, Asher AL. The National Neurosurgery Quality and Outcomes Database (N2QOD): general overview and pilot- year project description. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12297. PMID: 23278267.

1812: Asher AL, McGirt MJ, Glassman SD, Groman R, Resnick DK, Mehrlich M, Spivey E, McCormick P. Regulatory considerations for prospective patient care registries: lessons learned from the National Neurosurgery Quality and Outcomes Database. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12300. PMID: 23278266.

1813: Berkowitz O, Kondziolka D, Bissonette D, Niranjan A, Kano H, Lunsford LD. The evolution of a clinical registry during 25 years of experience with Gamma Knife radiosurgery in Pittsburgh. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.11.FOCUS12295. PMID: 23278265.

1814: Angevine PD, McCormick PC. Measuring clinical practice: science and methods. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12299. PMID: 23278264.

1815: Asher AL, McCormick PC, Selden NR, Ghogawala Z, McGirt MJ. The National Neurosurgery Quality and Outcomes Database and NeuroPoint Alliance: rationale, development, and implementation. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12311. PMID: 23278263.

1816: Groman RF, Rubin KY. Neurosurgical practice and health care reform: moving toward quality-based health care delivery. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Jan;34(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.focus12308. PMID: 23278262.

1817: Echlin PS, Grady MS, Timmons SD. Concussion: pathophysiology and sequelae. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):Introduction: 1-2. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12357. PMID: 23199433.

1818: Tormenti M, Krieger D, Puccio AM, McNeil MR, Schneider W, Okonkwo DO. Magnetoencephalographic virtual recording: a novel diagnostic tool for concussion. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E9: 1-7. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12282. PMID: 23199432.

1819: De Beaumont L, Henry LC, Gosselin N. Long-term functional alterations in sports concussion. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E8: 1-7. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12278. PMID: 23199431.

1820: Gosselin N, Bottari C, Chen JK, Huntgeburth SC, De Beaumont L, Petrides M, Cheung B, Ptito A. Evaluating the cognitive consequences of mild traumatic brain injury and concussion by using electrophysiology. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E7: 1-7. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12253. PMID: 23199430.

1821: Zuckerman SL, Kuhn A, Dewan MC, Morone PJ, Forbes JA, Solomon GS, Sills AK. Structural brain injury in sports-related concussion. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E6: 1-12. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12279. PMID: 23199429.

1822: Dashnaw ML, Petraglia AL, Bailes JE. An overview of the basic science of concussion and subconcussion: where we are and where we are going. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E5: 1-9. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12284. PMID: 23199428.

1823: Chamard E, Théoret H, Skopelja EN, Forwell LA, Johnson AM, Echlin PS. A prospective study of physician-observed concussion during a varsity university hockey season: metabolic changes in ice hockey players. Part 4 of 4. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E4: 1-7. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12305. PMID: 23199427.

1824: Koerte IK, Kaufmann D, Hartl E, Bouix S, Pasternak O, Kubicki M, Rauscher A, Li DK, Dadachanji SB, Taunton JA, Forwell LA, Johnson AM, Echlin PS, Shenton ME. A prospective study of physician-observed concussion during a varsity university hockey season: white matter integrity in ice hockey players. Part 3 of 4. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E3: 1-7. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12303. PMID: 23199426; PMCID: PMC5687247.

1825: Echlin PS, Skopelja EN, Worsley R, Dadachanji SB, Lloyd-Smith DR, Taunton JA, Forwell LA, Johnson AM. A prospective study of physician-observed concussion during a varsity university ice hockey season: incidence and neuropsychological changes. Part 2 of 4. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E2: 1-11. doi: 10.3171/2012.10.FOCUS12286. PMID: 23199425.

1826: Drummond JC, Patel PM. Cerebral saturation and cerebral blood flow in head-injured patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E12: 1; author reply E12: 1-2. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1259. PMID: 23199424.

1827: Tomei KL, Doe C, Prestigiacomo CJ, Gandhi CD. Comparative analysis of state-level concussion legislation and review of current practices in concussion. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E11: 1-9. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12280. PMID: 23199423.

1828: Forbes JA, Awad AJ, Zuckerman S, Carr K, Cheng JS. Association between biomechanical parameters and concussion in helmeted collisions in American football: a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E10: 1-6. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12288. PMID: 23199422.

1829: Echlin PS. A prospective study of physician-observed concussion during a varsity university ice hockey season. Part 1 of 4. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E1: 1-7. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12287. PMID: 23199421.

1830: Khalessi AA, Zada G, Wang MY, Calland JF. Introduction: quality process improvement and the neurosurgeon. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12317. PMID: 23116105.

1831: Dützmann S, Gessler F, Marquardt G, Seifert V, Senft C. On the value of routine prothrombin time screening in elective neurosurgical procedures. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12219. PMID: 23116104.

1832: Walcott BP, Redjal N, Coumans JV. Infection following operations on the central nervous system: deconstructing the myth of the sterile field. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.8.FOCUS12245. PMID: 23116103.

1833: Ferroli P, Caldiroli D, Acerbi F, Scholtze M, Piro A, Schiariti M, Orena EF, Castiglione M, Broggi M, Perin A, DiMeco F. Application of an aviation model of incident reporting and investigation to the neurosurgical scenario: method and preliminary data. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12252. PMID: 23116102.

1834: Oszvald Á, Vatter H, Byhahn C, Seifert V, Güresir E. “Team time-out” and surgical safety-experiences in 12,390 neurosurgical patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.8.FOCUS12261. PMID: 23116101.

1835: McLaughlin N, Winograd D, Chung HR, Van de Wiele B, Martin NA. University of California, Los Angeles, surgical time-out process: evolution, challenges, and future perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.8.FOCUS12255. PMID: 23116100.

1836: Zuckerman SL, France DJ, Green C, Leming-Lee S, Anders S, Mocco J. Surgical debriefing: a reliable roadmap to completing the patient safety cycle. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.8.FOCUS12248. PMID: 23116099.

1837: Lau CY, Greysen SR, Mistry RI, Han SJ, Mummaneni PV, Berger MS. Creating a culture of safety within operative neurosurgery: the design and implementation of a perioperative safety video. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12244. PMID: 23116098.

1838: Zuckerman SL, Green CS, Carr KR, Dewan MC, Morone PJ, Mocco J. Neurosurgical checklists: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12257. PMID: 23116097.

1839: Wong JM, Panchmatia JR, Ziewacz JE, Bader AM, Dunn IF, Laws ER, Gawande AA. Patterns in neurosurgical adverse events: intracranial neoplasm surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12183. PMID: 23116096.

1840: Wong JM, Ziewacz JE, Ho AL, Panchmatia JR, Kim AH, Bader AM, Thompson BG, Du R, Gawande AA. Patterns in neurosurgical adverse events: open cerebrovascular neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12181. PMID: 23116095.

1841: Wong JM, Ziewacz JE, Panchmatia JR, Bader AM, Pandey AS, Thompson BG, Frerichs K, Gawande AA. Patterns in neurosurgical adverse events: endovascular neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12180. PMID: 23116094.

1842: Wong JM, Ziewacz JE, Ho AL, Panchmatia JR, Bader AM, Garton HJ, Laws ER, Gawande AA. Patterns in neurosurgical adverse events: cerebrospinal fluid shunt surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12179. PMID: 23116093.

1843: Rahmathulla G, Recinos PF, Traul DE, Avitsian R, Yunak M, Harper NT, Barnett GH, Recinos VR. Surgical briefings, checklists, and the creation of an environment of safety in the neurosurgical intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging suite. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12260. PMID: 23116092.

1844: Ziewacz JE, Berven SH, Mummaneni VP, Tu TH, Akinbo OC, Lyon R, Mummaneni PV. The design, development, and implementation of a checklist for intraoperative neuromonitoring changes. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12263. PMID: 23116091.

1845: Lall RR, Lall RR, Hauptman JS, Munoz C, Cybulski GR, Koski T, Ganju A, Fessler RG, Smith ZA. Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring in spine surgery: indications, efficacy, and role of the preoperative checklist. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12235. PMID: 23116090.

1846: Wong JM, Bader AM, Laws ER, Popp AJ, Gawande AA. Patterns in neurosurgical adverse events and proposed strategies for reduction. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Nov;33(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.9.FOCUS12184. PMID: 23116089.

1847: Robinson S, Kaufman BA, Jane JA Jr, Park TS. Introduction: neural tube defects. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Oct;33(4):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2012.8.FOCUS12285. PMID: 23025447.

1848: Cox EM, Knudson KE, Manjila S, Cohen AR. Unusual presentation of congenital dermal sinus: tethered spinal cord with intradural epidermoid and dual paramedian cutaneous ostia. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Oct;33(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.8.FOCUS12226. PMID: 23025446.

1849: Amarante MA, Shrensel JA, Tomei KL, Carmel PW, Gandhi CD. Management of urological dysfunction in pediatric patients with spinal dysraphism: review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Oct;33(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12232. PMID: 23025445.

1850: Sarris CE, Tomei KL, Carmel PW, Gandhi CD. Lipomyelomeningocele: pathology, treatment, and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Oct;33(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12224. PMID: 23025444.

1851: Vogel TW, Carter CS, Abode-Iyamah K, Zhang Q, Robinson S. The role of primary cilia in the pathophysiology of neural tube defects. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Oct;33(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12222. PMID: 23025443.

1852: Kalani MY, Iyer S, Coons SW, Smith KA. Spinal intradural teratomas: developmental programs gone awry? Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Oct;33(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.8.FOCUS12230. PMID: 23025442.

1853: Liu JK, Brackmann DE, Delashaw JB Jr. Acoustic neuromas. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3). doi: 10.3171/2012.8.FOCUS12277. PMID: 22937861.

1854: Chamoun R, MacDonald J, Shelton C, Couldwell WT. Surgical approaches for resection of vestibular schwannomas: translabyrinthine, retrosigmoid, and middle fossa approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12190. PMID: 22937860.

1855: Kondziolka D, Mousavi SH, Kano H, Flickinger JC, Lunsford LD. The newly diagnosed vestibular schwannoma: radiosurgery, resection, or observation? Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12192. PMID: 22937859.

1856: Sun MZ, Oh MC, Safaee M, Kaur G, Parsa AT. Neuroanatomical correlation of the House-Brackmann grading system in the microsurgical treatment of vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12198. PMID: 22937858.

1857: Oh T, Nagasawa DT, Fong BM, Trang A, Gopen Q, Parsa AT, Yang I. Intraoperative neuromonitoring techniques in the surgical management of acoustic neuromas. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12194. PMID: 22937857.

1858: Kircher ML, Kartush JM. Pitfalls in intraoperative nerve monitoring during vestibular schwannoma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12196. PMID: 22937856.

1859: Schmidt RF, Boghani Z, Choudhry OJ, Eloy JA, Jyung RW, Liu JK. Incidental vestibular schwannomas: a review of prevalence, growth rate, and management challenges. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12186. PMID: 22937855.

1860: Sonig A, Khan IS, Wadhwa R, Thakur JD, Nanda A. The impact of comorbidities, regional trends, and hospital factors on discharge dispositions and hospital costs after acoustic neuroma microsurgery: a United States nationwide inpatient data sample study (2005-2009). Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12193. PMID: 22937854.

1861: Hoa M, Drazin D, Hanna G, Schwartz MS, Lekovic GP. The approach to the patient with incidentally diagnosed vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12209. PMID: 22937853.

1862: Ginat DT, Martuza RL. Postoperative imaging of vestibular schwannomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E18. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12150. PMID: 22937852.

1863: Liu JK, Patel SK, Podolski AJ, Jyung RW. Fascial sling technique for dural reconstruction after translabyrinthine resection of acoustic neuroma: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12168. PMID: 22937851.

1864: Gurgel RK, Dogru S, Amdur RL, Monfared A. Facial nerve outcomes after surgery for large vestibular schwannomas: do surgical approach and extent of resection matter? Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12199. PMID: 22937850.

1865: Kulwin CG, Cohen-Gadol AA. Technical nuances of resection of giant (> 5 cm) vestibular schwannomas: pearls for success. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12177. PMID: 22937849.

1866: Ansari SF, Terry C, Cohen-Gadol AA. Surgery for vestibular schwannomas: a systematic review of complications by approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12163. PMID: 22937848.

1867: Yashar P, Zada G, Harris B, Giannotta SL. Extent of resection and early postoperative outcomes following removal of cystic vestibular schwannomas: surgical experience over a decade and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12206. PMID: 22937847.

1868: Thakur JD, Khan IS, Shorter CD, Sonig A, Gardner GL, Guthikonda B, Nanda A. Do cystic vestibular schwannomas have worse surgical outcomes? Systematic analysis of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12200. PMID: 22937846.

1869: Nickele CM, Akture E, Gubbels SP, Başkaya MK. A stepwise illustration of the translabyrinthine approach to a large cystic vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12208. PMID: 22937845; PMCID: PMC3675780.

1870: DeMonte F, Gidley PW. Hearing preservation surgery for vestibular schwannoma: experience with the middle fossa approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2012.7.FOCUS12172. PMID: 22937844.

1871: Thakur JD, Banerjee AD, Khan IS, Sonig A, Shorter CD, Gardner GL, Nanda A, Guthikonda B. An update on unilateral sporadic small vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep;33(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12144. PMID: 22937843.

1872: Prestigiacomo CJ, Dagi TF. The history of skull base surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12234. PMID: 22853841.

1873: Gross BA, Tavanaiepour D, Du R, Al-Mefty O, Dunn IF. Petrosal approaches to posterior circulation aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12131. PMID: 22853840.

1874: Grossi PM, Nonaka Y, Watanabe K, Fukushima T. The history of the combined supra- and infratentorial approach to the petroclival region. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12141. PMID: 22853839.

1875: Gross BA, Tavanaiepour D, Du R, Al-Mefty O, Dunn IF. Evolution of the posterior petrosal approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12133. PMID: 22853838.

1876: Patel SK, Husain Q, Eloy JA, Couldwell WT, Liu JK. Norman Dott, Gerard Guiot, and Jules Hardy: key players in the resurrection and preservation of transsphenoidal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12125. PMID: 22853837.

1877: Schmidt RF, Choudhry OJ, Takkellapati R, Eloy JA, Couldwell WT, Liu JK. Hermann Schloffer and the origin of transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.5.FOCUS12129. PMID: 22853836.

1878: Elhadi AM, Kalb S, Martirosyan NL, Agrawal A, Preul MC. Fedor Krause: the first systematic use of X-rays in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12135. PMID: 22853835.

1879: Thakur JD, Sonig A, Chittiboina P, Khan IS, Wadhwa R, Nanda A. Humphrey Ridley (1653-1708): 17th century evolution in neuroanatomy and selective cerebrovascular injections for cadaver dissection. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12139. PMID: 22853834.

1880: Elhadi AM, Kalb S, Perez-Orribo L, Little AS, Spetzler RF, Preul MC. The journey of discovering skull base anatomy in ancient Egypt and the special influence of Alexandria. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12128. PMID: 22853833.

1881: Uribe AA, Baig MN, Puente EG, Viloria A, Mendel E, Bergese SD. Current intraoperative devices to reduce visual loss after spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09151. PMID: 22853832.

1882: Forbes JA, Brock AA, Ghiassi M, Thompson RC, Haynes DS, Tsai BS. Jugulotympanic paragangliomas: 75 years of evolution in understanding. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12138. PMID: 22853831.

1883: Chittiboina P, Connor DE Jr, Nanda A. Dr. Otto “Tiger” Freer: inventor and innovator. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12137. PMID: 22853830.

1884: Schmitt PJ, Jane JA Jr. A lesson in history: the evolution of endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12136. PMID: 22853829.

1885: Gross BA, Dunn IF, Du R, Al-Mefty O. Petrosal approaches to brainstem cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12110. PMID: 22853828.

1886: Lopez-Serna R, Gomez-Amador JL, Barges-Coll J, Arriada-Mendicoa N, Romero- Vargas S, Ramos-Peek M, Celis-Lopez MA, Revuelta-Gutierrez R, Portocarrero-Ortiz L. Knowledge of skull base anatomy and surgical implications of human sacrifice among pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Aug;33(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12120. Retraction in: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E18. PMID: 22853827.

1887: Marko NF, Weil RJ. Comparative effectiveness research in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):2 prior to E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12223. PMID: 22746242.

1888: Hueng DY, Tsai CL, Hsu SW, Ma HI. Publication patterns of comparative effectiveness research in spine neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2012.5.FOCUS1292. PMID: 22746241.

1889: Marko NF, Weil RJ. The case for a comparative, value-based alternative to the patient-centered outcomes research model for comparative effectiveness research. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.5.FOCUS12127. PMID: 22746240.

1890: D'Arcy LP, Rich EC. From comparative effectiveness research to patient- centered outcomes research: policy history and future directions. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS12106. PMID: 22746239.

1891: Zusman EE. Comparative effectiveness research: policy and politics. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS1298. PMID: 22746238.

1892: Dubourg J, Berhouma M, Cotton M, Messerer M. Meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy in neurosurgical practice. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.5.FOCUS1295. PMID: 22746237.

1893: Ament JD, Kim KD. Standardizing cost-utility analysis in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS1288. PMID: 22746236.

1894: Timmons SD, Toms SA. Comparative effectiveness research in neurotrauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS1296. PMID: 22746235.

1895: Abdullah KG, Benzel EC, Mroz TE. Comparative effectiveness research in spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS1290. PMID: 22746234.

1896: Slotkin JR, Casale AS, Steele GD Jr, Toms SA. Reengineering acute episodic and chronic care delivery: the Geisinger Health System experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E16. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS1293. PMID: 22746233.

1897: Agrawal BM, Brooks NP, Resnick DK. Wisconsin Spine Outcome Study-Pilot: preliminary data. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E15. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS1297. PMID: 22746232.

1898: Ray WZ, Ravindra VM, Jost GF, Bisson EF, Schmidt MH. Cost effectiveness of subaxial fusion–lateral mass screws versus transarticular facet screws. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS1289. PMID: 22746231.

1899: Luo J, Liu B, Xie Z, Ding S, Zhuang Z, Lin L, Guo Y, Chen H, Yu X. Comparison of manually shaped and computer-shaped titanium mesh for repairing large frontotemporoparietal skull defects after traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS129. PMID: 22746230.

1900: Sanborn MR, Thawani JP, Whitmore RG, Shmulevich M, Hardy B, Benedetto C, Malhotra NR, Marcotte P, Welch WC, Dante S, Stein SC. Cost-effectiveness of confirmatory techniques for the placement of lumbar pedicle screws. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS121. PMID: 22746229.

1901: Davies JM, Yanamadala V, Lawton MT. Comparative effectiveness of treatments for cerebral arteriovenous malformations: trends in nationwide outcomes from 2000 to 2009. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2012.5.FOCUS12107. PMID: 22746228.

1902: Ji YB, Wu YM, Ji Z, Song W, Xu SY, Wang Y, Pan SY. Interrupted intracarotid artery cold saline infusion as an alternative method for neuroprotection after ischemic stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2012.5.FOCUS1215. PMID: 22746227.

1903: Stein SC. Comparative effectiveness in neurosurgery: what it means, how it is measured, and why it matters. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1232. PMID: 22746226.

1904: Michael LM, Sorenson JM. Resection of an anterior spinal cord AVM through a far-lateral approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(Suppl 1):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS12161. PMID: 26016401.

1905: Liu JK. Laser-assisted microsurgical resection of thoracic intramedullary spinal cord ependymoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(Suppl 1):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS12142. PMID: 26016400.

1906: Lee B, Hsieh PC. Minimally invasive lumbar intradural extramedullary tumor resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(Suppl 1):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS12158. PMID: 26016399.

1907: Robertson JH, Sorenson JM. A far-lateral approach for removal of a C1-2 extradural neurofibroma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(Suppl 1):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS12157. PMID: 26016398.

1908: Liu JK. Extreme lateral transcondylar approach for resection of ventrally based meningioma of the craniovertebral junction and upper cervical spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(Suppl 1):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS12143. PMID: 26016397.

1909: Rodgers SD, Harter DH. Cervical ependymoma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(Suppl 1):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS12222. PMID: 26016396.

1910: Groves ML, Zadnik PL, Recinos PF, Renard V, Jallo GI. Intramedullary spinal cord tumor resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(Suppl 1):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS12154. PMID: 26016395.

1911: Cohen-Gadol A. Surgical correction of a spinal arteriovenous fistula with an unusual presentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(Suppl 1):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS12145. PMID: 26016394.

1912: Schmidt MH. Thoracoscopic transdiaphragmatic approach for ventral decompression and reconstruction of metastatic spine disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(Suppl 1):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS12153. PMID: 26016393.

1913: Cheng JS, Upadhyaya C, Wu JC, Tu TH, Mummaneni PV. Mini-open removal of intradural spinal tumor. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul;33(Suppl 1):1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS12152. PMID: 26016392.

1914: Day JD, Nanda A. Skull base cerebrospinal fluid fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jun;32(6):1 p preceding E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.5.FOCUS12164. PMID: 22655698.

1915: Shorter CD, Connor DE Jr, Thakur JD, Gardner G, Nanda A, Guthikonda B. Repair of middle fossa cerebrospinal fluid leaks using a novel combination of materials: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jun;32(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS1258. PMID: 22655697.

1916: Liu JK, Schmidt RF, Choudhry OJ, Shukla PA, Eloy JA. Surgical nuances for nasoseptal flap reconstruction of cranial base defects with high-flow cerebrospinal fluid leaks after endoscopic skull base surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jun;32(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.5.FOCUS1255. PMID: 22655696.

1917: Kenning TJ, Willcox TO, Artz GJ, Schiffmacher P, Farrell CJ, Evans JJ. Surgical management of temporal meningoencephaloceles, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, and intracranial hypertension: treatment paradigm and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jun;32(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS1265. PMID: 22655695.

1918: Schmidt RF, Choudhry OJ, Raviv J, Baredes S, Casiano RR, Eloy JA, Liu JK. Surgical nuances for the endoscopic endonasal transpterygoid approach to lateral sphenoid sinus encephaloceles. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jun;32(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.3.FOCUS1267. PMID: 22655694.

1919: Sonig A, Thakur JD, Chittiboina P, Khan IS, Nanda A. Is posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid fistula a predictor of posttraumatic meningitis? A US Nationwide Inpatient Sample database study. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jun;32(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.5.FOCUS1269. PMID: 22655693.

1920: Ziu M, Savage JG, Jimenez DF. Diagnosis and treatment of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea following accidental traumatic anterior skull base fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jun;32(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS1244. PMID: 22655692.

1921: Lam G, Mehta V, Zada G. Spontaneous and medically induced cerebrospinal fluid leakage in the setting of pituitary adenomas: review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jun;32(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2012.4.FOCUS1268. PMID: 22655691.

1922: Castro B, Walcott BP, Redjal N, Coumans JV, Nahed BV. Cerebrospinal fluid fistula prevention and treatment following frontal sinus fractures: a review of initial management and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jun;32(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.3.focus1266. PMID: 22655690.

1923: Amar AP, Newell DW. Vascular fistulas of the brain and spinal cord. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2012.3.FOCUS12101. PMID: 22537136.

1924: Ellis JA, Goldstein H, Connolly ES Jr, Meyers PM. Carotid-cavernous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1223. PMID: 22537135.

1925: Takai K, Taniguchi M. Comparative analysis of spinal extradural arteriovenous fistulas with or without intradural venous drainage: a systematic literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1216. PMID: 22537134.

1926: Bekelis K, Missios S, Desai A, Eskey C, Erkmen K. Magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance angiography fusion technique for intraoperative navigation during microsurgical resection of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS127. PMID: 22537133.

1927: Ropper AE, Lin N, Gross BA, Zarzour HK, Thiex R, Chi JH, Du R, Frerichs KU. Rotational angiography for diagnosis and surgical planning in the management of spinal vascular lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11254. PMID: 22537132.

1928: Azizi S, Mohammadi R, Amini K, Fallah R. Effects of topically administered FK506 on sciatic nerve regeneration and reinnervation after vein graft repair of short nerve gaps. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11320. PMID: 22537131.

1929: Puffer RC, Daniels DJ, Kallmes DF, Cloft HJ, Lanzino G. Curative Onyx embolization of tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.12.FOCUS11323. PMID: 22537130.

1930: Ropper AE, Gross BA, Du R. Surgical treatment of Type I spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11344. PMID: 22537129.

1931: Gross BA, Ropper AE, Du R. Cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas and aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.12.FOCUS11336. PMID: 22537128.

1932: Gross BA, Ropper AE, Popp AJ, Du R. Stereotactic radiosurgery for cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E18. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11354. PMID: 22537127.

1933: Fugate JE, Lanzino G, Rabinstein AA. Clinical presentation and prognostic factors of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas: an overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E17. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11376. PMID: 22537126.

1934: Dababneh H, Guerrero WR, Khanna A, Hoh BL, Mocco J. Management of tandem occlusion stroke with endovascular therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11350. PMID: 22537125.

1935: Miller TR, Eskey CJ, Mamourian AC. Absence of abnormal vessels in the subarachnoid space on conventional magnetic resonance imaging in patients with spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1214. PMID: 22537124.

1936: Gonzalez LF, Chalouhi N, Tjoumakaris S, Jabbour P, Dumont AS, Rosenwasser RH. Treatment of carotid-cavernous fistulas using intraarterial balloon assistance: case series and technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1213. PMID: 22537123.

1937: Chalouhi N, Dumont AS, Tjoumakaris S, Gonzalez LF, Bilyk JR, Randazzo C, Hasan D, Dalyai RT, Rosenwasser R, Jabbour P. The superior ophthalmic vein approach for the treatment of carotid-cavernous fistulas: a novel technique using Onyx. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS123. PMID: 22537122.

1938: Adamczyk P, Amar AP, Mack WJ, Larsen DW. Recurrence of “cured” dural arteriovenous fistulas after Onyx embolization. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1224. PMID: 22537121; PMCID: PMC4085989.

1939: Cenzato M, Debernardi A, Stefini R, D'Aliberti G, Piparo M, Talamonti G, Coppini M, Versari P. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas: outcome and prognostic factors. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1218. PMID: 22537120.

1940: Kulwin C, Bohnstedt BN, Scott JA, Cohen-Gadol A. Dural arteriovenous fistulas presenting with brainstem dysfunction: diagnosis and surgical treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1217. PMID: 22537119.

1941: Vadivelu S, Xin X, Loven T, Restrepo G, Chalif DJ, Setton A. Iatrogenic dural arteriovenous fistula and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May;32(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1229. PMID: 22537118.

1942: Mayberg MR, Day AL. Intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr;32(4):1 p preceding E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS1279. PMID: 22463120.

1943: Oaklander AL. Tarlov cysts. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr;32(4):E9; author reply E9. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11374. PMID: 22463119.

1944: Babu R, Bagley JH, Di C, Friedman AH, Adamson C. Thrombin and hemin as central factors in the mechanisms of intracerebral hemorrhage-induced secondary brain injury and as potential targets for intervention. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr;32(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11366. PMID: 22463118.

1945: Mehndiratta P, Manjila S, Ostergard T, Eisele S, Cohen ML, Sila C, Selman WR. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy-associated intracerebral hemorrhage: pathology and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr;32(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11370. PMID: 22463117.

1946: Angileri FF, Cardali S, Conti A, Raffa G, Tomasello F. Telemedicine- assisted treatment of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr;32(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11356. PMID: 22463116.

1947: Zacharia BE, Vaughan KA, Hickman ZL, Bruce SS, Carpenter AM, Petersen NH, Deiner S, Badjatia N, Connolly ES Jr. Predictors of long-term shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage requiring emergency cerebrospinal fluid diversion. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr;32(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS11372. PMID: 22463115.

1948: Basaldella L, Marton E, Fiorindi A, Scarpa B, Badreddine H, Longatti P. External ventricular drainage alone versus endoscopic surgery for severe intraventricular hemorrhage: a comparative retrospective analysis on outcome and shunt dependency. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr;32(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11349. PMID: 22463114.

1949: Abdu E, Hanley DF, Newell DW. Minimally invasive treatment for intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr;32(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11362. PMID: 22463113.

1950: Mokin M, Kan P, Kass-Hout T, Abla AA, Dumont TM, Snyder KV, Hopkins LN, Siddiqui AH, Levy EI. Intracerebral hemorrhage secondary to intravenous and endovascular intraarterial revascularization therapies in acute ischemic stroke: an update on risk factors, predictors, and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr;32(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11352. PMID: 22463112.

1951: Amar AP. Controversies in the neurosurgical management of cerebellar hemorrhage and infarction. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr;32(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.2.FOCUS11369. PMID: 22463111.

1952: Grossman RG, Liu CY, Verma A. Current concepts in epilepsy surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):preceding E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS1241. PMID: 22380864.

1953: Vale FL, Pollock G, Benbadis SR. Failed epilepsy surgery for mesial temporal lobe sclerosis: a review of the pathophysiology. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2011.12.FOCUS11318. PMID: 22380863.

1954: Sagher O, Thawani JP, Etame AB, Gomez-Hassan DM. Seizure outcomes and mesial resection volumes following selective amygdalohippocampectomy and temporal lobectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2011.12.FOCUS11342. PMID: 22380862.

1955: Rangel-Castilla L, Hwang SW, Al-Shamy G, Jea A, Curry DJ. The periinsular functional hemispherotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11331. PMID: 22380861.

1956: Desai A, Bekelis K, Darcey TM, Roberts DW. Surgical techniques for investigating the role of the insula in epilepsy: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11325. PMID: 22380860.

1957: Evans LT, Morse R, Roberts DW. Epilepsy surgery in tuberous sclerosis: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11330. PMID: 22380859.

1958: Dulay MF, Busch RM. Prediction of neuropsychological outcome after resection of temporal and extratemporal seizure foci. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11340. PMID: 22380858.

1959: Fountas KN, Tsougos I, Gotsis ED, Giannakodimos S, Smith JR, Kapsalaki EZ. Temporal pole proton preoperative magnetic resonance spectroscopy in patients undergoing surgery for mesial temporal sclerosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11327. PMID: 22380857.

1960: Ibrahim GM, Barry BW, Fallah A, Snead OC 3rd, Drake JM, Rutka JT, Bernstein M. Inequities in access to pediatric epilepsy surgery: a bioethical framework. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.12.FOCUS11315. PMID: 22380856.

1961: Rolston JD, Englot DJ, Wang DD, Shih T, Chang EF. Comparison of seizure control outcomes and the safety of vagus nerve, thalamic deep brain, and responsive neurostimulation: evidence from randomized controlled trials. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11335. PMID: 22380855.

1962: Fridley J, Thomas JG, Navarro JC, Yoshor D. Brain stimulation for the treatment of epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11334. PMID: 22380854.

1963: Connor DE Jr, Nixon M, Nanda A, Guthikonda B. Vagal nerve stimulation for the treatment of medically refractory epilepsy: a review of the current literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2011.12.FOCUS11328. PMID: 22380853.

1964: Dlouhy BJ, Viljoen SV, Kung DK, Vogel TW, Granner MA, Howard MA 3rd, Kawasaki H. Vagus nerve stimulation after lead revision. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11333. PMID: 22380852.

1965: Hakimian S, Kershenovich A, Miller JW, Ojemann JG, Hebb AO, D'Ambrosio R, Ojemann GA. Long-term outcome of extratemporal resection in posttraumatic epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11329. PMID: 22380851.

1966: Vivas AC, Baaj AA, Benbadis SR, Vale FL. The health care burden of patients with epilepsy in the United States: an analysis of a nationwide database over 15 years. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Mar;32(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.1.FOCUS11322. PMID: 22380850.

1967: Selman WR, Winn HR. Cerebral blood flow. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Feb;32(2):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2011.12.FOCUS11353. PMID: 22296680.

1968: Taussky P, O'Neal B, Daugherty WP, Luke S, Thorpe D, Pooley RA, Evans C, Hanel RA, Freeman WD. Validation of frontal near-infrared spectroscopy as noninvasive bedside monitoring for regional cerebral blood flow in brain-injured patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Feb;32(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.12.FOCUS11280. PMID: 22296679.

1969: Dababneh H, Hedna VS, Ford J, Taimeh Z, Peters K, Mocco J, Waters MF. Endovascular intervention for acute stroke due to infective endocarditis: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Feb;32(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.11.FOCUS11263. PMID: 22296678.

1970: Elias WJ, Kassell NF. Focused ultrasound surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32(1):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2011.11.FOCUS11317. PMID: 22208900.

1971: Kan P, Mokin M, Abla AA, Eller JL, Dumont TM, Levy EI, Siddiqui AH. Utility of intravascular ultrasound in intracranial and extracranial neurointerventions: experience at University at Buffalo Neurosurgery-Millard Fillmore Gates Circle Hospital. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2011.10.FOCUS11242. PMID: 22208899.

1972: Bor-Seng-Shu E, Nogueira Rde C, Figueiredo EG, Evaristo EF, Conforto AB, Teixeira MJ. Sonothrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2011.10.FOCUS11251. PMID: 22208898.

1973: Liu HL, Yang HW, Hua MY, Wei KC. Enhanced therapeutic agent delivery through magnetic resonance imaging-monitored focused ultrasound blood-brain barrier disruption for brain tumor treatment: an overview of the current preclinical status. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.10.FOCUS11238. PMID: 22208897.

1974: Etame AB, Diaz RJ, Smith CA, Mainprize TG, Hynynen K, Rutka JT. Focused ultrasound disruption of the blood-brain barrier: a new frontier for therapeutic delivery in molecular neurooncology. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2011.10.FOCUS11252. PMID: 22208896; PMCID: PMC4106119.

1975: Moser D, Zadicario E, Schiff G, Jeanmonod D. Measurement of targeting accuracy in focused ultrasound functional neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.10.FOCUS11246. PMID: 22208895.

1976: Jeanmonod D, Werner B, Morel A, Michels L, Zadicario E, Schiff G, Martin E. Transcranial magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound: noninvasive central lateral thalamotomy for chronic neuropathic pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.10.FOCUS11248. PMID: 22208894.

1977: Fernandez-Miranda JC, Pinheiro-Neto CD, Gardner PA, Snyderman CH. Endoscopic endonasal approach for a tuberculum sellae meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32 Suppl 1:E8. doi: 10.3171/2012.V8.FOCUS11308. PMID: 26018978.

1978: Couldwell WT, Chamoun R. Dorsal variant blister aneurysm repair. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32 Suppl 1:E7. doi: 10.3171/2012.V7.FOCUS11307. PMID: 26018977.

1979: Tormenti MJ, Paluzzi A, Pinheiro-Neto CD, Fernandez-Miranda JC, Snyderman CH, Gardner PA. Endoscopic endonasal repair of spontaneous CSF fistulae. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32 Suppl 1:E6. doi: 10.3171/2012.V6.FOCUS11304. PMID: 26018976.

1980: Kenning TJ, Beahm DD, Farrell CJ, Schaberg MR, Rosen MR, Evans JJ. Endoscopic endonasal craniopharyngioma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32 Suppl 1:E5. doi: 10.3171/2012.V5.FOCUS11302. PMID: 26018975.

1981: Liu JK, Eloy JA. Modified one-piece extended transbasal approach for resection of giant anterior skull base sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32 Suppl 1:E4. doi: 10.3171/2012.V4.FOCUS11301. PMID: 26018974.

1982: Liu JK, Eloy JA. Expanded endoscopic endonasal transcribriform approach for resection of anterior skull base olfactory schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32 Suppl 1:E3. doi: 10.3171/2012.V3.FOCUS11300. PMID: 26018973.

1983: Liu JK, Eloy JA. Endoscopic endonasal transplanum transtuberculum approach for resection of retrochiasmatic craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32 Suppl 1:E2. doi: 10.3171/2012.V2.FOCUS11299. PMID: 26018972.

1984: Cohen-Gadol AA. Intraorbital meningioma: resection through modified orbitozygomatic craniotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jan;32 Suppl 1:E1. doi: 10.3171/2012.V1.FOCUS11272. PMID: 26018971.

1985: Loumiotis I, Brown RD Jr, Vine R, Cloft HJ, Kallmes DF, Lanzino G. Small (< 10-mm) incidentally found intracranial aneurysms, Part 2: treatment recommendations, natural history, complications, and short-term outcome in 212 consecutive patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11237. PMID: 22133187.

1986: Loumiotis I, Wagenbach A, Brown RD Jr, Lanzino G. Small (< 10-mm) incidentally found intracranial aneurysms, Part 1: reasons for detection, demographics, location, and risk factors in 212 consecutive patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11234. PMID: 22133186.

1987: Klimo P Jr, Coon V, Brockmeyer D. Incidental os odontoideum: current management strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11227. PMID: 22133185.

1988: Solomon RA. Small incidentally found aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E2; discussion E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11259. PMID: 22133184.

1989: Roy AK, Slimack NP, Ganju A. Idiopathic syringomyelia: retrospective case series, comprehensive review, and update on management. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11198. PMID: 22133183.

1990: Chamoun R, Krisht KM, Couldwell WT. Incidental meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E19. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11220. PMID: 22133182.

1991: Lucantoni C, Than KD, Wang AC, Valdivia-Valdivia JM, Maher CO, La Marca F, Park P. Tarlov cysts: a controversial lesion of the sacral spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11221. PMID: 22133181.

1992: Taussky P, Hanel RA, Meyer FB. Clinical considerations in the management of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11222. PMID: 22133180.

1993: Perret C, Boltshauser E, Scheer I, Kellenberger CJ, Grotzer MA. Incidental findings of mass lesions on neuroimages in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E20. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11121. PMID: 22133179.

1994: Chalouhi N, Dumont AS, Randazzo C, Tjoumakaris S, Gonzalez LF, Rosenwasser R, Jabbour P. Management of incidentally discovered intracranial vascular abnormalities. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11200. PMID: 22133178.

1995: Dalyai RT, Ghobrial G, Awad I, Tjoumakaris S, Gonzalez LF, Dumont AS, Chalouhi N, Randazzo C, Rosenwasser R, Jabbour P. Management of incidental cavernous malformations: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11211. PMID: 22133177.

1996: Chalouhi N, Chitale R, Jabbour P, Tjoumakaris S, Dumont AS, Rosenwasser R, Gonzalez LF. The case for family screening for intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11210. PMID: 22133176.

1997: Maher CO, Klimo P Jr, Smith ER. Incidentally discovered lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):1 p preceding E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.10.FOCUS11269. PMID: 22133175.

1998: Hervey-Jumper SL, McKeever PE, Gebarski SS, Muraszko KM, Maher CO. Spontaneous resolution of an infantile hemangioma in a dorsal root ganglion. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11203. PMID: 22133174.

1999: Sivakumar W, Chamoun R, Nguyen V, Couldwell WT. Incidental pituitary adenomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E18. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11217. PMID: 22133173.

2000: Singhal A, Bowen-Roberts T, Steinbok P, Cochrane D, Byrne AT, Kerr JM. Natural history of untreated syringomyelia in pediatric patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11208. PMID: 22133172.

2001: Lin N, Baird L, Koss M, Kopecky KE, Gone E, Ullrich NJ, Scott RM, Smith ER. Discovery of asymptomatic moyamoya arteriopathy in pediatric syndromic populations: radiographic and clinical progression. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2011.10.FOCUS11228. PMID: 22133171.

2002: Coumans JV, Walcott BP. Incidental vertebral lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11207. PMID: 22133170.

2003: Shah AH, Madhavan K, Heros D, Raper DM, Iorgulescu JB, Lally BE, Komotar RJ. The management of incidental low-grade gliomas using magnetic resonance imaging: systematic review and optimal treatment paradigm. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11219. PMID: 22133169.

2004: Doe C, Jethwa PR, Gandhi CD, Prestigiacomo CJ. Strategies for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11206. PMID: 22133168.

2005: Al-Holou WN, Khan A, Wilson TJ, Stetler WR Jr, Shah GV, Maher CO. Incidental findings on cranial imaging in nonagenarians. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Dec;31(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11205. PMID: 22133167.

2006: Bailes J, Maroon J, Robinson S. Sports-related neurosurgical injuries. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):1 p preceding E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11258. PMID: 22044109.

2007: Drazin D, Shirzadi A, Jeswani S, Ching H, Rosner J, Rasouli A, Kim T, Pashman R, Johnson JP. Direct surgical repair of spondylolysis in athletes: indications, techniques, and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11180. PMID: 22044108.

2008: Hubbard ME, Jewell RP, Dumont TM, Rughani AI. Spinal injury patterns among skiers and snowboarders. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11179. PMID: 22044107.

2009: Clark AJ, Auguste KI, Sun PP. Cervical spinal stenosis and sports-related cervical cord neurapraxia. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11173. PMID: 22044106.

2010: Mattei TA, Bond BJ, Hafner JW Jr, Morris MJ, Travis J, Hannah G, Webster J, Lin JJ. Definition and measurement of rider-intrinsic physical attributes influencing all-terrain vehicle safety. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11176. PMID: 22044105.

2011: Appelboom G, Zoller SD, Piazza MA, Szpalski C, Bruce SS, McDowell MM, Vaughan KA, Zacharia BE, Hickman Z, D'Ambrosio A, Feldstein NA, Anderson RC. Traumatic brain injury in pediatric patients: evidence for the effectiveness of decompressive surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11177. PMID: 22044104.

2012: Curaudeau GA, Sharma N, Rovin RA. Development of an iPhone application for sideline concussion testing. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11186. PMID: 22044103.

2013: Omalu B, Hammers JL, Bailes J, Hamilton RL, Kamboh MI, Webster G, Fitzsimmons RP. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy in an Iraqi war veteran with posttraumatic stress disorder who committed suicide. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11178. PMID: 22044102.

2014: Dubourg J, Messerer M. Sports-related chronic repetitive head trauma as a cause of pituitary dysfunction. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11182. PMID: 22044101.

2015: Cho D, Saetia K, Lee S, Kline DG, Kim DH. Peroneal nerve injury associated with sports-related knee injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2011.9.FOCUS11187. PMID: 22044100.

2016: Lee S, Saetia K, Saha S, Kline DG, Kim DH. Axillary nerve injury associated with sports. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11183. PMID: 22044099.

2017: Kolodziej MA, Koblitz S, Nimsky C, Hellwig D. Mechanisms and consequences of head injuries in soccer: a study of 451 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Nov;31(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.10.FOCUS11184. PMID: 22044098.

2018: Hsieh PC, Gokaslan ZL. Complications of spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):1 p preceding E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11204. PMID: 21961873.

2019: Wu JC, Huang WC, Tsai HW, Ko CC, Wu CL, Tu TH, Cheng H. Pedicle screw loosening in dynamic stabilization: incidence, risk, and outcome in 126 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11125. PMID: 21961872.

2020: Gautschi OP, Schatlo B, Schaller K, Tessitore E. Clinically relevant complications related to pedicle screw placement in thoracolumbar surgery and their management: a literature review of 35,630 pedicle screws. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11168. PMID: 21961871.

2021: Mazur MD, Mumert ML, Bisson EF, Schmidt MH. Avoiding pitfalls in anterior screw fixation for type II odontoid fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11135. PMID: 21961870.

2022: Than KD, Wang AC, Rahman SU, Wilson TJ, Valdivia JM, Park P, La Marca F. Complication avoidance and management in anterior lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11141. PMID: 21961869.

2023: Hsu W, Kretzer RM, Dorsi MJ, Gokaslan ZL. Strategies to avoid wrong-site surgery during spinal procedures. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS1166. PMID: 21961868.

2024: Moller DJ, Slimack NP, Acosta FL Jr, Koski TR, Fessler RG, Liu JC. Minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion and transpsoas approach- related morbidity. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11137. PMID: 21961867.

2025: Drazin D, Shirzadi A, Rosner J, Eboli P, Safee M, Baron EM, Liu JC, Acosta FL Jr. Complications and outcomes after spinal deformity surgery in the elderly: review of the existing literature and future directions. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11145. PMID: 21961866.

2026: Kunes J, Thompson GH, Manjila S, Poe-Kochert C, Cohen AR. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension following spinal deformity surgery in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E20. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11160. PMID: 21961865.

2027: Hussain NS, Perez-Cruet MJ. Complication management with minimally invasive spine procedures. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11165. PMID: 21961864.

2028: Sivakumar W, Elder JB, Bilsky MH. Cervical juxtafacet cyst after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E19. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11119. PMID: 21961863.

2029: Dakwar E, Le TV, Baaj AA, Le AX, Smith WD, Akbarnia BA, Uribe JS. Abdominal wall paresis as a complication of minimally invasive lateral transpsoas interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E18. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11164. PMID: 21961862.

2030: Hofstetter CP, James AR, Härtl R. Revision strategies for AxiaLIF. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11139. PMID: 21961861.

2031: Shih P, Slimack NP, Roy A, Fessler RG, Koski TR. Abdominal complications following posterior spinal fusion in patients with previous abdominal surgeries. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11132. PMID: 21961860.

2032: Ruban D, O'Toole JE. Management of incidental durotomy in minimally invasive spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11122. PMID: 21961859.

2033: Krisht KM, Mumert ML, Schmidt MH. Management considerations and strategies to avoid complications associated with the thoracoscopic approach for corpectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11133. PMID: 21961858.

2034: Nagasawa DT, Smith ZA, Cremer N, Fong C, Lu DC, Yang I. Complications associated with the treatment for spinal ependymomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11158. PMID: 21961857.

2035: Gandhoke G, Wu JC, Rowland NC, Meyer SA, Gupta C, Mummaneni PV. Anterior corpectomy versus posterior laminoplasty: is the risk of postoperative C-5 palsy different? Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11156. PMID: 21961856.

2036: Helgeson MD, Lehman RA Jr, Dmitriev AE, Kang DG, Sasso RC, Tannoury C, Riew KD. Accuracy of the freehand technique for 3 fixation methods in the C-2 vertebrae. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2011.6.FOCUS1167. PMID: 21961855.

2037: Campbell PG, Yadla S, Malone J, Maltenfort MG, Harrop JS, Sharan AD, Ratliff JK. Complications related to instrumentation in spine surgery: a prospective analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS1134. PMID: 21961854.

2038: Walcott BP, Coumans JV, Kahle KT. Diagnostic pitfalls in spine surgery: masqueraders of surgical spine disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Oct;31(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11114. PMID: 21961853.

2039: Proctor MR, Scott RM, Oakes WJ, Muraszko KM. Chiari malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Sep;31(3):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.FOCUS11195. PMID: 21882911.

2040: Mauer UM, Gottschalk A, Mueller C, Weselek L, Kunz U, Schulz C. Standard and cardiac-gated phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging in the clinical course of patients with Chiari malformation Type I. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Sep;31(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.FOCUS11105. PMID: 21882910.

2041: Coumans JV, Walcott BP, Butler WE, Nahed BV, Kahle KT. Volumetric analysis of syringomyelia following hindbrain decompression for Chiari malformation Type I: syringomyelia resolution follows exponential kinetics. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Sep;31(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.6.FOCUS11106. PMID: 21882909; PMCID: PMC3731038.

2042: Loukas M, Shayota BJ, Oelhafen K, Miller JH, Chern JJ, Tubbs RS, Oakes WJ. Associated disorders of Chiari Type I malformations: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Sep;31(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2011.6.FOCUS11112. PMID: 21882908.

2043: Strahle J, Muraszko KM, Buchman SR, Kapurch J, Garton HJ, Maher CO. Chiari malformation associated with craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Sep;31(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.6.FOCUS11107. PMID: 21882907.

2044: Schanker BD, Walcott BP, Nahed BV, Kahle KT, Li YM, Coumans JV. Familial Chiari malformation: case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Sep;31(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.6.FOCUS11104. PMID: 21882906.

2045: Persing J, Jane JA, Jane JA. Craniofacial deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Aug;31(2). doi: 10.3171/2011.6.FOCUS11171. PMID: 21806347.

2046: Chim H, Manjila S, Cohen AR, Gosain AK. Molecular signaling in pathogenesis of craniosynostosis: the role of fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-β. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Aug;31(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2011.5.FOCUS1197. PMID: 21806346.

2047: Rivero-Garvía M, Márquez-Rivas FJ, García-Iglesias A, Gutiérrez-González R. Intracranial hypertension in two cases of craniometaphyseal dysplasia: differing surgical options. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Aug;31(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2011.4.FOCUS1126. PMID: 21806345.

2048: Berry-Candelario J, Ridgway EB, Grondin RT, Rogers GF, Proctor MR. Endoscope-assisted strip craniectomy and postoperative helmet therapy for treatment of craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Aug;31(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2011.6.FOCUS1198. PMID: 21806344.

2049: Mesa JM, Fang F, Muraszko KM, Buchman SR. Reconstruction of unicoronal plagiocephaly with a hypercorrection surgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Aug;31(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.6.FOCUS1193. PMID: 21806343.

2050: Rottgers SA, Kim PD, Kumar AR, Cray JJ, Losee JE, Pollack IF. Cranial vault remodeling for sagittal craniosynostosis in older children. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Aug;31(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2011.5.FOCUS1196. PMID: 21806342.

2051: Terner JS, Travieso R, Lee SS, Forte AJ, Patel A, Persing JA. Combined metopic and sagittal craniosynostosis: is it worse than sagittal synostosis alone? Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Aug;31(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.6.FOCUS11100. PMID: 21806341.

2052: Szpalski C, Weichman K, Sagebin F, Warren SM. Need for standard outcome reporting systems in craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Aug;31(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.6.FOCUS1192. PMID: 21806340.

2053: Oyesiku NM, Post KD. Rathke cleft cysts. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jul;31(1):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2011.5.FOCUS11116. PMID: 21721870.

2054: Sivakumar W, Cole CD, Couldwell WT. Rathke cleft cyst presenting with hyponatremia: an unusual presentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jul;31(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.4.FOCUS1180. PMID: 21721869.

2055: Jahangiri A, Molinaro AM, Tarapore PE, Blevins L Jr, Auguste KI, Gupta N, Kunwar S, Aghi MK. Rathke cleft cysts in pediatric patients: presentation, surgical management, and postoperative outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jul;31(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2011.5.FOCUS1178. PMID: 21721868.

2056: Higgins DM, Van Gompel JJ, Nippoldt TB, Meyer FB. Symptomatic Rathke cleft cysts: extent of resection and surgical complications. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jul;31(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.5.FOCUS1175. PMID: 21721867.

2057: Zada G. Rathke cleft cysts: a review of clinical and surgical management. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jul;31(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.5.FOCUS1183. PMID: 21721866.

2058: Albuquerque FC. Computed tomography perfusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1184. PMID: 21631233.

2059: Zussman B, Jabbour P, Talekar K, Gorniak R, Flanders AE. Sources of variability in computed tomography perfusion: implications for acute stroke management. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1136. PMID: 21631232.

2060: Ishkanian AA, McCullough-Hicks ME, Appelboom G, Piazza MA, Hwang BY, Bruce SS, Hannan LM, Connolly ES, Lavine SD, Meyers PM. Improving patient selection for endovascular treatment of acute cerebral ischemia: a review of the literature and an external validation of the Houston IAT and THRIVE predictive scoring systems. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1144. PMID: 21631231.

2061: Amenta PS, Ali MS, Dumont AS, Gonzalez LF, Tjoumakaris SI, Hasan D, Rosenwasser RH, Jabbour P. Computed tomography perfusion-based selection of patients for endovascular recanalization. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2011.4.FOCUS10296. PMID: 21631230.

2062: Duffis EJ, Al-Qudah Z, Prestigiacomo CJ, Gandhi C. Advanced neuroimaging in acute ischemic stroke: extending the time window for treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1146. PMID: 21631229.

2063: Kan PT, Snyder KV, Yashar P, Siddiqui AH, Hopkins LN, Levy EI. Utility of CT perfusion scanning in patient selection for acute stroke intervention: experience at University at Buffalo Neurosurgery-Millard Fillmore Gates Circle Hospital. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1130. PMID: 21631228.

2064: Mack WJ. Re: Evidence-based treatment of carotid stenosis: is the evidence strong enough? Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1186. PMID: 21631227.

2065: Gross BA, Lin N, Du R, Day AL. The natural history of intracranial cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E24. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1165. PMID: 21631226.

2066: Kim TG, Kim NK, Baek MJ, Huh R, Chung SS, Choi JU, Yu SY. The relationships between endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphisms and the formation of intracranial aneurysms in the Korean population. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E23. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS10227. PMID: 21631225.

2067: Dubourg J, Messerer M. State of the art in managing nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E22. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1145. PMID: 21631224.

2068: Weinberg DG, Rahme RJ, Aoun SG, Batjer HH, Bendok BR. Moyamoya disease: functional and neurocognitive outcomes in the pediatric and adult populations. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E21. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1150. PMID: 21631223.

2069: Weinberg DG, Arnaout OM, Rahme RJ, Aoun SG, Batjer HH, Bendok BR. Moyamoya disease: a review of histopathology, biochemistry, and genetics. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E20. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1151. PMID: 21631222.

2070: Young KC, Jain A, Jain M, Replogle RE, Benesch CG, Jahromi BS. Evidence- based treatment of carotid artery stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1143. PMID: 21631221.

2071: Walcott BP, Nahed BV, Kahle KT, Redjal N, Coumans JV. Determination of geographic variance in stroke prevalence using Internet search engine analytics. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E19. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1124. PMID: 21631220.

2072: Arnaout OM, Aoun SG, Batjer HH, Bendok BR. Decompressive hemicraniectomy after malignant middle cerebral artery infarction: rationale and controversies. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E18. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1160. PMID: 21631219.

2073: Groysman LI, Emanuel BA, Kim-Tenser MA, Sung GY, Mack WJ. Therapeutic hypothermia in acute ischemic stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2011.4.FOCUS1154. PMID: 21631218.

2074: Schirmer CM, Atalay B, Malek AM. Endovascular recanalization of symptomatic flow-limiting cervical carotid dissection in an isolated hemisphere. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1139. PMID: 21631217.

2075: Ding D, Liu KC. Applications of stenting for intracranial atherosclerosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1149. PMID: 21631216.

2076: Vellimana AK, Ford AL, Lee JM, Derdeyn CP, Zipfel GJ. Symptomatic intracranial arterial disease: incidence, natural history, diagnosis, and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1138. PMID: 21631215; PMCID: PMC3593273.

2077: Ghobrial GM, Nair AK, Dalyai RT, Jabbour P, Tjoumakaris SI, Dumont AS, Rosenwasser RH, Gonzalez LF. Contrast stasis on noncontrast computed tomography as a predictor of stroke postthrombolysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/2011.4.FOCUS1141. PMID: 21631214.

2078: Kojuri J, Ostovan MA, Zamiri N, Farshchizarabi S, Varavipoor B. Hemodynamic instability following carotid artery stenting. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10219. PMID: 21631213.

2079: Albuquerque FC. Endovascular stroke therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1168. PMID: 21631212.

2080: Day JS, Hurley MC, Chmayssani M, Rahme RJ, Alberts MJ, Bernstein RA, Dabus G, Shaibani A, Bendok BR. Endovascular stroke therapy: a single-center retrospective review. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS10267. PMID: 21631211.

2081: Manjila S, Masri T, Shams T, Chowdhry SA, Sila C, Selman WR. Evidence- based review of primary and secondary ischemic stroke prevention in adults: a neurosurgical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1164. PMID: 21631210.

2082: Couldwell WT, Heros R, Dolenc V. Skull base meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):1p prior to E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1185. PMID: 21529181.

2083: Burkhardt JK, Zinn PO, Graenicher M, Santillan A, Bozinov O, Kasper EM, Krayenbühl N. Predicting postoperative hydrocephalus in 227 patients with skull base meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS117. PMID: 21529180.

2084: Bekelis K, Valdés PA, Erkmen K, Leblond F, Kim A, Wilson BC, Harris BT, Paulsen KD, Roberts DW. Quantitative and qualitative 5-aminolevulinic acid- induced protoporphyrin IX fluorescence in skull base meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1112. PMID: 21529179; PMCID: PMC3116440.

2085: Pham MH, Zada G, Mosich GM, Chen TC, Giannotta SL, Wang K, Mack WJ. Molecular genetics of meningiomas: a systematic review of the current literature and potential basis for future treatment paradigms. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1117. PMID: 21529178.

2086: Choy W, Kim W, Nagasawa D, Stramotas S, Yew A, Gopen Q, Parsa AT, Yang I. The molecular genetics and tumor pathogenesis of meningiomas and the future directions of meningioma treatments. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1116. PMID: 21529177.

2087: Avcı E, Aktüre E, Seçkin H, Uluç K, Bauer AM, Izci Y, Morcos JJ, Başkaya MK. Level I to III craniofacial approaches based on Barrow classification for treatment of skull base meningiomas: surgical technique, microsurgical anatomy, and case illustrations. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1110. PMID: 21529176.

2088: Couldwell WT. Endoscopic endonasal approach to anterior skull base meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1174. PMID: 21529175.

2089: Liu JK, Christiano LD, Patel SK, Tubbs RS, Eloy JA. Surgical nuances for removal of olfactory groove meningiomas using the endoscopic endonasal transcribriform approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS116. PMID: 21529174.

2090: Liu JK, Christiano LD, Patel SK, Tubbs RS, Eloy JA. Surgical nuances for removal of tuberculum sellae meningiomas with optic canal involvement using the endoscopic endonasal extended transsphenoidal transplanum transtuberculum approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS115. PMID: 21529173.

2091: Fahlbusch R, Gerganov VM. Endonasal versus transcranial resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1161. PMID: 21529172.

2092: Van Gompel JJ, Frank G, Pasquini E, Zoli M, Hoover J, Lanzino G. Expanded endonasal endoscopic resection of anterior fossa meningiomas: report of 13 cases and meta-analysis of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS118. PMID: 21529171.

2093: Roche PH, Lubrano V, Noudel R, Melot A, Régis J. Decision making for the surgical approach of posterior petrous bone meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1119. PMID: 21529170.

2094: Gibbons BA, Miele WR, Florman JE, Heilman CB, Horgan MA. Pneumosinus dilitans and meningioma: a case series and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS1113. PMID: 21529169.

2095: Taha AN, Erkmen K, Dunn IF, Pravdenkova S, Al-Mefty O. Meningiomas involving the optic canal: pattern of involvement and implications for surgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1118. PMID: 21529168.

2096: Schulz C, Mathieu R, Kunz U, Mauer UM. Treatment of unresectable skull base meningiomas with somatostatin analogs. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS111. PMID: 21529167.

2097: Schirmer CM, Heilman CB. Hemangiopericytomas of the skull base. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS119. PMID: 21529166.

2098: Bowers CA, Altay T, Couldwell WT. Surgical decision-making strategies in tuberculum sellae meningioma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1115. PMID: 21529165.

2099: Kuo LT, Chen CM, Li CH, Tsai JC, Chiu HC, Liu LC, Tu YK, Huang AP. Early endoscope-assisted hematoma evacuation in patients with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage: case selection, surgical technique, and long-term results. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS10313. PMID: 21456936.

2100: Schirmer CM, Heilman CB. Complete endoscopic removal of colloid cyst using a nitinol basket retriever. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10318. PMID: 21456935.

2101: Mauer UM, Gottschalk A, Kunz U, Schulz C. Arachnoscopy: a special application of spinal intradural endoscopy. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10291. PMID: 21456934.

2102: Dlouhy BJ, Dahdaleh NS, Greenlee JD. Emerging technology in intracranial neuroendoscopy: application of the NICO Myriad. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS10312. PMID: 21456933.

2103: Kalhorn SP, Strom RG, Harter DH. Idiopathic bilateral stenosis of the foramina of Monro treated using endoscopic foraminoplasty and septostomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10298. PMID: 21456932.

2104: Mohanty A, Santosh V, Devi BI, Satish S, Biswas A. Efficacy of simultaneous single-trajectory endoscopic tumor biopsy and endoscopic cerebrospinal fluid diversion procedures in intra- and paraventricular tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10295. PMID: 21456931.

2105: Morgenstern PF, Osbun N, Schwartz TH, Greenfield JP, Tsiouris AJ, Souweidane MM. Pineal region tumors: an optimal approach for simultaneous endoscopic third ventriculostomy and biopsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS10301. PMID: 21456930.

2106: Oppido PA, Fiorindi A, Benvenuti L, Cattani F, Cipri S, Gangemi M, Godano U, Longatti P, Mascari C, Morace E, Tosatto L. Neuroendoscopic biopsy of ventricular tumors: a multicentric experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10326. PMID: 21456929.

2107: Filho FV, Coelho G, Cavalheiro S, Lyra M, Zymberg ST. Quality assessment of a new surgical simulator for neuroendoscopic training. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS10321. PMID: 21456928.

2108: Hsieh PC. Thoracic discectomy and plating. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.FOCUS1131. PMID: 21456927.

2109: Bisson EF, Jost GF, Apfelbaum RI, Schmidt MH. Thoracoscopic discectomy and instrumented fusion using a minimally invasive plate system: surgical technique and early clinical outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10309. PMID: 21456926.

2110: Liu JK, Christiano LD, Patel SK, Eloy JA. Surgical nuances for removal of retrochiasmatic craniopharyngioma via the endoscopic endonasal extended transsphenoidal transplanum transtuberculum approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10297. PMID: 21456925.

2111: Garcia-Navarro V, Lancman G, Guerrero-Maldonado A, Anand VK, Schwartz TH. Use of a side-cutting aspiration device for resection of tumors during endoscopic endonasal approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10302. PMID: 21456924.

2112: Wang YY, Srirathan V, Tirr E, Kearney T, Gnanalingham KK. Nasal symptoms following endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery: assessment using the General Nasal Patient Inventory. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10319. PMID: 21456923.

2113: Messerer M, De Battista JC, Raverot G, Kassis S, Dubourg J, Lapras V, Trouillas J, Perrin G, Jouanneau E. Evidence of improved surgical outcome following endoscopy for nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma removal. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10308. PMID: 21456922.

2114: Hofstetter CP, Shin BJ, Mubita L, Huang C, Anand VK, Boockvar JA, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery for functional pituitary adenomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10317. PMID: 21456921.

2115: Faggin R, Calderone M, Denaro L, Meneghini L, d'Avella D. Long-term operative failure of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in pediatric patients: the role of cine phase-contrast MR imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10303. PMID: 21456920.

2116: Hsieh PC, Wang MY. Introduction. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):1 p preceding E1. doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS.Intro. PMID: 21434825.

2117: Shin JH, Steinmetz MP, Benzel EC, Krishnaney AA. Dorsal versus ventral surgery for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: considerations for approach selection and review of surgical outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10270. PMID: 21434824.

2118: Stetler WR, La Marca F, Park P. The genetics of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10275. PMID: 21434823.

2119: Stapleton CJ, Pham MH, Attenello FJ, Hsieh PC. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: genetics and pathophysiology. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10271. PMID: 21434822.

2120: Wu JC, Liu L, Chen YC, Huang WC, Chen TJ, Cheng H. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in the cervical spine: an 11-year comprehensive national epidemiology study. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10268. PMID: 21434821.

2121: Wang MY, Thambuswamy M. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in non-Asians: demographic, clinical, and radiographic findings in 43 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10277. PMID: 21434820.

2122: Sugrue PA, McClendon J Jr, Halpin RJ, Liu JC, Koski TR, Ganju A. Surgical management of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: natural history and the role of surgical decompression and stabilization. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10283. PMID: 21434819.

2123: Pham MH, Attenello FJ, Lucas J, He S, Stapleton CJ, Hsieh PC. Conservative management of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. A review. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10273. PMID: 21434818.

2124: Saetia K, Cho D, Lee S, Kim DH, Kim SD. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.11.focus10276. PMID: 21434817.

2125: Pati S, Abla AA, Rekate HL, Ng YT. Repeat surgery for hypothalamic hamartoma in refractory epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.11.FOCUS10248. PMID: 21374831.

2126: Wait SD, Abla AA, Killory BD, Nakaji P, Rekate HL. Surgical approaches to hypothalamic hamartomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.11.FOCUS10250. PMID: 21374830.

2127: Rosenfeld JV. The evolution of treatment for hypothalamic hamartoma: a personal odyssey. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.11.focus10244. PMID: 21374829.

2128: Rekate HL. Management of hypothalamic hamartomas: progress due to alignment of the stars. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2011.2.focus.intro. PMID: 21370583.

2129: Meyer SA, Wu JC, Mummaneni PV. Laminoplasty outcomes: is there a difference between patients with degenerative stenosis and those with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament? Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10279. PMID: 21361755.

2130: McClendon J Jr, Sugrue PA, Ganju A, Koski TR, Liu JC. Management of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the thoracic spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10282. PMID: 21361754.

2131: Christiano LD, Assina R, Goldstein IM. Ossification of the ligamentum flavum: a unique report of a Hispanic woman. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10266. PMID: 21361753.

2132: Jones J, Lerner A, Kim PE, Law M, Hsieh PC. Diffusion tensor imaging in the assessment of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: a report on preliminary results in 3 cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10262. PMID: 21361752.

2133: Mazur M, Jost GF, Schmidt MH, Bisson EF. Management of cerebrospinal fluid leaks after anterior decompression for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10255. PMID: 21361751.

2134: Cardoso MJ, Koski TR, Ganju A, Liu JC. Approach-related complications after decompression for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10278. PMID: 21361750.

2135: Kalb S, Martirosyan NL, Perez-Orribo L, Kalani MY, Theodore N. Analysis of demographics, risk factors, clinical presentation, and surgical treatment modalities for the ossified posterior longitudinal ligament. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10265. PMID: 21361749.

2136: Smith ZA, Buchanan CC, Raphael D, Khoo LT. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: pathogenesis, management, and current surgical approaches. A review. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Mar;30(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10256. PMID: 21361748.

2137: Gross D, Schäfer G. Egas Moniz (1874-1955) and the “invention” of modern psychosurgery: a historical and ethical reanalysis under special consideration of Portuguese original sources. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.10.FOCUS10214. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Apr;30(4).doi: 10.3171/2011.3.FOCUS10214a. PMID: 21284454.

2138: Dorfer C, Kasprian G, Mühlebner A, Czech T. Giant solid-cystic hypothalamic hamartoma. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS10240. PMID: 21284453.

2139: Abla AA, Wait SD, Forbes JA, Pati S, Johnsonbaugh RE, Kerrigan JF, Ng YT. Syndrome of alternating hypernatremia and hyponatremia after hypothalamic hamartoma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10235. PMID: 21284452.

2140: Pati S, Rastogi RG, Abla AA, Rekate HL, Ng YT. Long-term outcome after emergency resection of hypothalamic hamartomas for status gelasticus. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS10249. PMID: 21284451.

2141: Marras CE, Rizzi M, Villani F, Messina G, Deleo F, Cordella R, Franzini A. Deep brain stimulation for the treatment of drug-refractory epilepsy in a patient with a hypothalamic hamartoma. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.11.FOCUS10241. PMID: 21284450.

2142: Raffel C, Rutka JT. Central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumors: still a useful classification? Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jan;30(1):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2011.1.FOCUS.Intro. PMID: 21194277.

2143: Chan M, Herrera SR, Neckrysh S, Wallace A, Valyi-Nagy T, Charbel FT. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor after radiation therapy for craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jan;30(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.11.FOCUS10224. PMID: 21194276.

2144: Manjila S, Ray A, Hu Y, Cai DX, Cohen ML, Cohen AR. Embryonal tumors with abundant neuropil and true rosettes: 2 illustrative cases and a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jan;30(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.10.FOCUS10226. PMID: 21194275.

2145: Ellis JA, Rothrock RJ, Moise G, McCormick PC 2nd, Tanji K, Canoll P, Kaiser MG, McCormick PC. Primitive neuroectodermal tumors of the spine: a comprehensive review with illustrative clinical cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jan;30(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.10.FOCUS10217. PMID: 21194274.

2146: Prestigiacomo CJ, Krieger M. Deformations and malformations: the history of induced and congenital skull deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Dec;29(6):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2010.12.FOCUS.Intro. PMID: 21121723.

2147: Szpalski C, Barr J, Wetterau M, Saadeh PB, Warren SM. Cranial bone defects: current and future strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Dec;29(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10201. PMID: 21121722.

2148: Manjila S, Chim H, Eisele S, Chowdhry SA, Gosain AK, Cohen AR. History of the Kleeblattschädel deformity: origin of concepts and evolution of management in the past 50 years. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Dec;29(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10212. PMID: 21121721.

2149: Maher CO, Buchman SR, O'Hara E, Cohen-Gadol AA. Harvey Cushing's experience with cranial deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Dec;29(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10191. PMID: 21121720.

2150: Mehta VA, Bettegowda C, Jallo GI, Ahn ES. The evolution of surgical management for craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Dec;29(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10204. PMID: 21121719.

2151: Gump W. Modern induced skull deformity in adults. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Dec;29(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.10.FOCUS10203. PMID: 21121718.

2152: Enchev Y, Nedelkov G, Atanassova-Timeva N, Jordanov J. Paleoneurosurgical aspects of Proto-Bulgarian artificial skull deformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Dec;29(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10193. PMID: 21121717.

2153: Romero-Vargas S, Ruiz-Sandoval JL, Sotomayor-González A, Revuelta- Gutiérrez R, Celis-López MA, Gómez-Amador JL, García-González U, López-Serna R, García-Navarro V, Mendez-Rosito D, Correa-Correa V, Gómez-Llata S. A look at Mayan artificial cranial deformation practices: morphological and cultural aspects. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Dec;29(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10200. Retraction in: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Jul;45(1):E17. PMID: 21121716.

2154: Ayer A, Campbell A, Appelboom G, Hwang BY, McDowell M, Piazza M, Feldstein NA, Anderson RC. The sociopolitical history and physiological underpinnings of skull deformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Dec;29(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10202. PMID: 21121715.

2155: Timmons SD, Duhaime AC, Lee SM. Mild traumatic brain injury. Introduction. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Nov;29(5):1. doi: 10.3171/2010.11.FOCUS.Intro. PMID: 21039142.

2156: Echlin PS. Concussion education, identification,and treatment within a prospective study of physician-observed junior ice hockey concussions: social context of this scientific intervention. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Nov;29(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.10.FOCUS10222. PMID: 21039141.

2157: Echlin PS, Johnson AM, Riverin S, Tator CH, Cantu RC, Cusimano MD, Taunton JE, Upshur RE, Hall CR, Forwell LA, Skopelja EN. A prospective study of concussion education in 2 junior ice hockey teams: implications for sports concussion education. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Nov;29(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10187. PMID: 21039140.

2158: Echlin PS, Tator CH, Cusimano MD, Cantu RC, Taunton JE, Upshur RE, Czarnota M, Hall CR, Johnson AM, Forwell LA, Driediger M, Skopelja EN. Return to play after an initial or recurrent concussion in a prospective study of physician-observed junior ice hockey concussions: implications for return to play after a concussion. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Nov;29(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10210. PMID: 21039139.

2159: Echlin PS, Tator CH, Cusimano MD, Cantu RC, Taunton JE, Upshur RE, Hall CR, Johnson AM, Forwell LA, Skopelja EN. A prospective study of physician- observed concussions during junior ice hockey: implications for incidence rates. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Nov;29(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10186. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Nov;29(5). doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10186. PMID: 21039138.

2160: Carlson AP, Ramirez P, Kennedy G, McLean AR, Murray-Krezan C, Stippler M. Low rate of delayed deterioration requiring surgical treatment in patients transferred to a tertiary care center for mild traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Nov;29(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.8.FOCUS10182. PMID: 21039137.

2161: Filippidis AS, Papadopoulos DC, Kapsalaki EZ, Fountas KN. Role of the S100B serum biomarker in the treatment of children suffering from mild traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Nov;29(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.8.FOCUS10185. PMID: 21039136.

2162: Signoretti S, Vagnozzi R, Tavazzi B, Lazzarino G. Biochemical and neurochemical sequelae following mild traumatic brain injury: summary of experimental data and clinical implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Nov;29(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.FOCUS10183. PMID: 21039135.

2163: Vance ML. Acromegaly: a fascinating pituitary disorder. Introduction. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2010.10.FOCUS.Intro. PMID: 20887135.

2164: Bellut D, Hlavica M, Schmid C, Bernays RL. Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging-assisted transsphenoidal pituitary surgery in patients with acromegaly. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10164. PMID: 20887134.

2165: Zada G, Cavallo LM, Esposito F, Fernandez-Jimenez JC, Tasiou A, De Angelis M, Cafiero T, Cappabianca P, Laws ER. Transsphenoidal surgery in patients with acromegaly: operative strategies for overcoming technically challenging anatomical variations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.8.FOCUS10156. PMID: 20887133.

2166: Gondim JA, Almeida JP, de Albuquerque LA, Gomes E, Schops M, Ferraz T. Pure endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for treatment of acromegaly: results of 67 cases treated in a pituitary center. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10167. PMID: 20887132.

2167: Hofstetter CP, Mannaa RH, Mubita L, Anand VK, Kennedy JW, Dehdashti AR, Schwartz TH. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery for growth hormone- secreting pituitary adenomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10173. PMID: 20887131.

2168: Campbell PG, Kenning E, Andrews DW, Yadla S, Rosen M, Evans JJ. Outcomes after a purely endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10153. PMID: 20887130.

2169: Zada G, Lin N, Laws ER Jr. Patterns of extrasellar extension in growth hormone-secreting and nonfunctional pituitary macroadenomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10155. PMID: 20887129.

2170: Ebner FH, Kürschner V, Dietz K, Bültmann E, Nägele T, Honegger J. Craniometric changes in patients with acromegaly from a surgical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10152. PMID: 20887128.

2171: Lopes MB. Growth hormone-secreting adenomas: pathology and cell biology. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10169. PMID: 20887127.

2172: Oldfield EH. Editorial: Unresolved issues: radiosurgery versus radiation therapy; medical suppression of growth hormone production during radiosurgery; and endoscopic surgery versus microscopic surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/2010.8.FOCUS10215. PMID: 20887126.

2173: Fleseriu M, Delashaw JB Jr, Cook DM. Acromegaly: a review of current medical therapy and new drugs on the horizon. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E15. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10154. PMID: 20887125.

2174: Manjila S, Wu OC, Khan FR, Khan MM, Arafah BM, Selman WR. Pharmacological management of acromegaly: a current perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10168. PMID: 20887124.

2175: Yang I, Kim W, De Salles A, Bergsneider M. A systematic analysis of disease control in acromegaly treated with radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10170. PMID: 20887123.

2176: Rowland NC, Aghi MK. Radiation treatment strategies for acromegaly. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10124. PMID: 20887122.

2177: Stapleton CJ, Liu CY, Weiss MH. The role of stereotactic radiosurgery in the multimodal management of growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10159. PMID: 20887121.

2178: Actor B, Sarnthein J, Prömmel P, Holzmann D, Bernays RL. Olfactory improvement in acromegaly after transnasal transsphenoidal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10162. PMID: 20887120.

2179: Mammis A, Eloy JA, Liu JK. Early descriptions of acromegaly and gigantism and their historical evolution as clinical entities. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Oct;29(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10160. PMID: 20887119.

2180: Giannotta SL, Barrow DL. Cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2010.9.focus.intro. PMID: 20827863.

2181: Giliberto G, Lanzino DJ, Diehn FE, Factor D, Flemming KD, Lanzino G. Brainstem cavernous malformations: anatomical, clinical, and surgical considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10133. PMID: 20809767.

2182: Abla AA, Turner JD, Mitha AP, Lekovic G, Spetzler RF. Surgical approaches to brainstem cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10128. PMID: 20809766.

2183: Washington CW, McCoy KE, Zipfel GJ. Update on the natural history of cavernous malformations and factors predicting aggressive clinical presentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS10149. PMID: 20809765.

2184: Campbell PG, Jabbour P, Yadla S, Awad IA. Emerging clinical imaging techniques for cerebral cavernous malformations: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS10120. PMID: 20809764; PMCID: PMC3708641.

2185: Dammann P, Barth M, Zhu Y, Maderwald S, Schlamann M, Ladd ME, Sure U. Susceptibility weighted magnetic resonance imaging of cerebral cavernous malformations: prospects, drawbacks, and first experience at ultra-high field strength (7-Tesla) magnetic resonance imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10130. PMID: 20809763.

2186: Yadla S, Jabbour PM, Shenkar R, Shi C, Campbell PG, Awad IA. Cerebral cavernous malformations as a disease of vascular permeability: from bench to bedside with caution. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS10121. PMID: 20809762; PMCID: PMC6599630.

2187: Burkhardt JK, Schmidt D, Schoenauer R, Brokopp C, Agarkova I, Bozinov O, Bertalanffy H, Hoerstrup SP. Upregulation of transmembrane endothelial junction proteins in human cerebral cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10125. PMID: 20809761.

2188: Krisht KM, Whitehead KJ, Niazi T, Couldwell WT. The pathogenetic features of cerebral cavernous malformations: a comprehensive review with therapeutic implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10135. PMID: 20809760.

2189: Lew SM. Giant posterior fossa cavernous malformations in 2 infants with familial cerebral cavernomatosis: the case for early screening. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E18. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS10119. PMID: 20809759.

2190: Liu JK, Lu Y, Raslan AM, Gultekin SH, Delashaw JB Jr. Cavernous malformations of the optic pathway and hypothalamus: analysis of 65 cases in the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS10129. PMID: 20809758.

2191: Van Gompel JJ, Marsh WR, Meyer FB, Worrell GA. Patient-assessed satisfaction and outcome after microsurgical resection of cavernomas causing epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10127. PMID: 20809757; PMCID: PMC3920597.

2192: Deutsch H. Pain outcomes after surgery in patients with intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10108. PMID: 20809756.

2193: Gross BA, Du R, Popp AJ, Day AL. Intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10144. PMID: 20809755.

2194: Steiger HJ, Turowski B, Hänggi D. Prognostic factors for the outcome of surgical and conservative treatment of symptomatic spinal cord cavernous malformations: a review of a series of 20 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10123. PMID: 20809754.

2195: Lu DC, Lawton MT. Clinical presentation and surgical management of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10139. PMID: 20809753.

2196: Monaco EA, Khan AA, Niranjan A, Kano H, Grandhi R, Kondziolka D, Flickinger JC, Lunsford LD. Stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of symptomatic brainstem cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS10151. PMID: 20809752.

2197: Asaad WF, Walcott BP, Nahed BV, Ogilvy CS. Operative management of brainstem cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10134. PMID: 20809751.

2198: Zhu Y, Wu Q, Xu JF, Miller D, Sandalcioglu IE, Zhang JM, Sure U. Differential angiogenesis function of CCM2 and CCM3 in cerebral cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep;29(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS1090. PMID: 20809750.

2199: Elias WJ, Lozano AM. Deep brain stimulation: the spectrum of application. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2010.8.focus.intro. PMID: 20672928.

2200: Lipsman N, Bernstein M, Lozano AM. Criteria for the ethical conduct of psychiatric neurosurgery clinical trials. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2010.4.FOCUS09327. PMID: 20672926.

2201: Fountas KN, Kapsalaki E, Hadjigeorgiou G. Cerebellar stimulation in the management of medically intractable epilepsy: a systematic and critical review. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS10111. PMID: 20672925.

2202: Rahman M, Abd-El-Barr MM, Vedam-Mai V, Foote KD, Murad GJ, Okun MS, Roper SN. Disrupting abnormal electrical activity with deep brain stimulation: is epilepsy the next frontier? Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.4.FOCUS10104. PMID: 20672924.

2203: Van Gompel JJ, Chang SY, Goerss SJ, Kim IY, Kimble C, Bennet KE, Lee KH. Development of intraoperative electrochemical detection: wireless instantaneous neurochemical concentration sensor for deep brain stimulation feedback. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS10110. PMID: 20672923; PMCID: PMC2939376.

2204: Lyons MK, Birch BD, Hillman RA, Boucher OK, Evidente VG. Long-term follow- up of deep brain stimulation for Meige syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.4.FOCUS1067. PMID: 20672922.

2205: Burdick AP, Fernandez HH, Okun MS, Chi YY, Jacobson C, Foote KD. Relationship between higher rates of adverse events in deep brain stimulation using standardized prospective recording and patient outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.4.FOCUS10100. PMID: 20672921.

2206: Kramer DR, Halpern CH, Buonacore DL, McGill KR, Hurtig HI, Jaggi JL, Baltuch GH. Best surgical practices: a stepwise approach to the University of Pennsylvania deep brain stimulation protocol. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.4.FOCUS10103. PMID: 20672920.

2207: Lipsman N, Ellis M, Lozano AM. Current and future indications for deep brain stimulation in pediatric populations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS1095. PMID: 20672919.

2208: Alcindor D, Oh MY, Baser S, Angle C, Cheng BC, Whiting D. Stimulation of the globus pallidus internus in a patient with DYT1-positive primary generalized dystonia: a 10-year follow-up. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS10112. PMID: 20672918.

2209: Pisapia JM, Halpern CH, Williams NN, Wadden TA, Baltuch GH, Stein SC. Deep brain stimulation compared with bariatric surgery for the treatment of morbid obesity: a decision analysis study. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS10109. PMID: 20672917.

2210: Sen AN, Campbell PG, Yadla S, Jallo J, Sharan AD. Deep brain stimulation in the management of disorders of consciousness: a review of physiology, previous reports, and ethical considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/2010.4.FOCUS1096. PMID: 20672916.

2211: Franzini A, Messina G, Cordella R, Marras C, Broggi G. Deep brain stimulation of the posteromedial hypothalamus: indications, long-term results, and neurophysiological considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS1094. PMID: 20672915.

2212: Henderson MB, Green AI, Bradford PS, Chau DT, Roberts DW, Leiter JC. Deep brain stimulation of the nucleus accumbens reduces alcohol intake in alcohol- preferring rats. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/2010.4.FOCUS10105. PMID: 20672914.

2213: Maley JH, Alvernia JE, Valle EP, Richardson D. Deep brain stimulation of the orbitofrontal projections for the treatment of intermittent explosive disorder. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/2010.5.FOCUS10102. PMID: 20672913.

2214: Mian MK, Campos M, Sheth SA, Eskandar EN. Deep brain stimulation for obsessive-compulsive disorder: past, present, and future. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/2010.4.FOCUS10107. PMID: 20672912.

2215: Hariz MI, Blomstedt P, Zrinzo L. Deep brain stimulation between 1947 and 1987: the untold story. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.4.FOCUS10106. PMID: 20672911.

2216: Kuntz C 4th, Park TS. Tethered cord. Introduction. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):1p preceeding E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.7.FOCUS.Intro. PMID: 20594008.

2217: Filippidis AS, Kalani MY, Theodore N, Rekate HL. Spinal cord traction, vascular compromise, hypoxia, and metabolic derangements in the pathophysiology of tethered cord syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1085. PMID: 20594007.

2218: Samdani AF, Fine AL, Sagoo SS, Shah SC, Cahill PJ, Clements DH, Betz RR. A patient with myelomeningocele: is untethering necessary prior to scoliosis correction? Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1072. PMID: 20594006.

2219: Potts MB, Wu JC, Gupta N, Mummaneni PV. Minimally invasive tethered cord release in adults: a comparison of open and mini-open approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1077. PMID: 20594005.

2220: Hsieh PC, Stapleton CJ, Moldavskiy P, Koski TR, Ondra SL, Gokaslan ZL, Kuntz C. Posterior vertebral column subtraction osteotomy for the treatment of tethered cord syndrome: review of the literature and clinical outcomes of all cases reported to date. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.4.FOCUS1070. PMID: 20594004.

2221: Shih P, Halpin RJ, Ganju A, Liu JC, Koski TR. Management of recurrent adult tethered cord syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1073. PMID: 20594003.

2222: Nair MN, Ramakrishna R, Song K, Kinney G, Slimp J, Ko AL, Avellino AM. Human motor evoked potential responses following spinal cord transection: an in vivo study. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS09201. PMID: 20594002.

2223: Pouratian N, Elias WJ, Jane JA Jr, Phillips LH 2nd, Jane JA Sr. Electrophysiologically guided untethering of secondary tethered spinal cord syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS09299. PMID: 20594001.

2224: Stetler WR Jr, Park P, Sullivan S. Pathophysiology of adult tethered cord syndrome: review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1080. PMID: 20594000.

2225: Gupta G, Heary RF, Michaels J. Reversal of longstanding neurological deficits after a late release of tethered spinal cord. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1078. PMID: 20593999.

2226: Shin JH, Krishnaney AA. Idiopathic ventral spinal cord herniation: a rare presentation of tethered cord. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1089. PMID: 20593998.

2227: Hertzler DA 2nd, DePowell JJ, Stevenson CB, Mangano FT. Tethered cord syndrome: a review of the literature from embryology to adult presentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1079. PMID: 20593997.

2228: Klimo P Jr, Ragel BT. Introduction: military neurosurgery, past and present. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):Introduction. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUSMar2010Intro. PMID: 20568950.

2229: Teff RJ. Use of neurosurgical decision-making and damage-control neurosurgery courses in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts: a surgeon's experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1017. PMID: 20568949.

2230: Ragel BT, Klimo P Jr, Kowalski RJ, McCafferty RR, Liu JM, Taggard DA, Garrett D Jr, Brevard SB. Neurosurgery in Afghanistan during “Operation Enduring Freedom”: a 24-month experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS09324. PMID: 20568948.

2231: Eisenburg MF, Christie M, Mathew P. Battlefield neurosurgical care in the current conflict in southern Afghanistan. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS108. PMID: 20568947.

2232: Vadivelu S, Bell RS, Crandall B, DeGraba T, Armonda RA. Delayed detection of carotid-cavernous fistulas associated with wartime blast-induced craniofacial trauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS09257. PMID: 20568946.

2233: Bell RS, Ecker RD, Severson MA 3rd, Wanebo JE, Crandall B, Armonda RA. The evolution of the treatment of traumatic cerebrovascular injury during wartime. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1025. PMID: 20568945.

2234: Klimo P Jr, Ragel BT, Rosner M, Gluf W, McCafferty R. Can surgery improve neurological function in penetrating spinal injury? A review of the military and civilian literature and treatment recommendations for military neurosurgeons. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1036. PMID: 20568944.

2235: Stephens FL, Mossop CM, Bell RS, Tigno T Jr, Rosner MK, Kumar A, Moores LE, Armonda RA. Cranioplasty complications following wartime decompressive craniectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1026. PMID: 20568943.

2236: Kotchetkov IS, Hwang BY, Appelboom G, Kellner CP, Connolly ES Jr. Brain- computer interfaces: military, neurosurgical, and ethical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E25. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1027. PMID: 20568942.

2237: Hanigan W. The development of military medical care for peripheral nerve injuries during World War I. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E24. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS103. PMID: 20568941.

2238: Agarwalla PK, Dunn GP, Laws ER. An historical context of modern principles in the management of intracranial injury from projectiles. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E23. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1038. PMID: 20568940.

2239: Cannon JW, Teff RJ. Combat surgeons before, during, and after war: the legacy of Loyal Davis. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E22. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1024. PMID: 20568939.

2240: Neal CJ, Rosner MK. Resident learning curve for minimal-access transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in a military training program. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E21. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS1011. PMID: 20568938.

2241: Cardoso MJ, Rosner MK. Does the Wilson frame assist with optimizing surgical exposure for minimally invasive lumbar fusions? Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E20. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS10325. PMID: 20568937.

2242: Ragel BT, Klimo P Jr, Martin JE, Teff RJ, Bakken HE, Armonda RA. Wartime decompressive craniectomy: technique and lessons learned. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1028. PMID: 20568936.

2243: Cardoso MJ, Rosner MK. Multilevel cervical arthroplasty with artificial disc replacement. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E19. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS1031. PMID: 20568935.

2244: Tumialán LM, Ponton RP, Garvin A, Gluf WM. Arthroplasty in the military: a preliminary experience with ProDisc-C and ProDisc-L. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E18. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS102. PMID: 20568934.

2245: Tumialán LM, Ponton RP, Gluf WM. Management of unilateral cervical radiculopathy in the military: the cost effectiveness of posterior cervical foraminotomy compared with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E17. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09305. PMID: 20568933.

2246: Izci Y. The evolution of military neurosurgery in the Turkish army. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09232. PMID: 20568932.

2247: Enchev Y, Eftimov T. Bulgarian military neurosurgery: from Warsaw Pact to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS109. PMID: 20568931.

2248: Mauer UM, Schulz C, Rothe R, Kunz U. German military neurosurgery at home and abroad. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1010. PMID: 20568930.

2249: Dulou R, Dagain A, Delmas JM, Lambert E, Blondet E, Goasguen O, Pouit B, Dutertre G, de Soultrait F, Pernot P. The French mobile neurosurgical unit. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1016. PMID: 20568929.

2250: Reno J. Military aeromedical evacuation, with special emphasis on craniospinal trauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1023. PMID: 20568928.

2251: Fang R, Dorlac GR, Allan PF, Dorlac WC. Intercontinental aeromedical evacuation of patients with traumatic brain injuries during Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1043. PMID: 20568927.

2252: Mauer UM, Kunz U. Management of neurotrauma by surgeons and orthopedists in a military operational setting. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09328. PMID: 20568926.

2253: Bell RS, Mossop CM, Dirks MS, Stephens FL, Mulligan L, Ecker R, Neal CJ, Kumar A, Tigno T, Armonda RA. Early decompressive craniectomy for severe penetrating and closed head injury during wartime. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 May;28(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS1022. PMID: 20568925.

2254: Kang H, Park P, La Marca F, Hollister SJ, Lin CY. Analysis of load sharing on uncovertebral and facet joints at the C5-6 level with implantation of the Bryan, Prestige LP, or ProDisc-C cervical disc prosthesis: an in vivo image- based finite element study. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1046. PMID: 20568924.

2255: Bowers C, Amini A, Dailey AT, Schmidt MH. Dynamic interspinous process stabilization: review of complications associated with the X-Stop device. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1047. PMID: 20568923.

2256: Deutsch H. The predictive value of the baseline Oswestry Disability Index in lumbar disc arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1060. PMID: 20568922.

2257: Lazaro BC, Yucesoy K, Yuksel KZ, Kowalczyk I, Rabin D, Fink M, Duggal N. Effect of arthroplasty design on cervical spine kinematics: analysis of the Bryan Disc, ProDisc-C, and Synergy disc. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1058. PMID: 20568921.

2258: Botelho RV, Moraes OJ, Fernandes GA, Buscariolli Ydos S, Bernardo WM. A systematic review of randomized trials on the effect of cervical disc arthroplasty on reducing adjacent-level degeneration. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1032. PMID: 20568920.

2259: Galarza M, Fabrizi AP, Maina R, Gazzeri R, Martínez-Lage JF. Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis with neurogenic intermittent claudication and treatment with the Aperius PercLID System: a preliminary report. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1034. PMID: 20568919.

2260: Maserati MB, Tormenti MJ, Panczykowski DM, Bonfield CM, Gerszten PC. The use of a hybrid dynamic stabilization and fusion system in the lumbar spine: preliminary experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1055. PMID: 20568918.

2261: Crawford NR, Arnett JD, Butters JA, Ferrara LA, Kulkarni N, Goel VK, Duggal N. Biomechanics of a posture-controlling cervical artificial disc: mechanical, in vitro, and finite-element analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1063. PMID: 20568917.

2262: Ko CC, Tsai HW, Huang WC, Wu JC, Chen YC, Shih YH, Chen HC, Wu CL, Cheng H. Screw loosening in the Dynesys stabilization system: radiographic evidence and effect on outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1052. PMID: 20568916.

2263: Heary RF. Dynamic stabilization. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS.Intro. PMID: 20568915.

2264: Goldschlager T, Ghosh P, Zannettino A, Gronthos S, Rosenfeld JV, Itescu S, Jenkin G. Cervical motion preservation using mesenchymal progenitor cells and pentosan polysulfate, a novel chondrogenic agent: preliminary study in an ovine model. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jun;28(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS1050. PMID: 20521963.

2265: Wisoff JH, Jane JA Jr, Selman W, Fahlbusch R. Introduction: Craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):1 p preceding E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.focus.apr2010.intro. PMID: 20369435.

2266: Jane JA Jr, Kiehna E, Payne SC, Early SV, Laws ER Jr. Early outcomes of endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for adult craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09319. PMID: 20367523.

2267: Oldfield EH. Transnasal endoscopic surgery for craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E8a; discussion E8b. doi: 10.3171/2010.3.FOCUS104. PMID: 20367366.

2268: Campbell PG, McGettigan B, Luginbuhl A, Yadla S, Rosen M, Evans JJ. Endocrinological and ophthalmological consequences of an initial endonasal endoscopic approach for resection of craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09292. PMID: 20367365.

2269: Feletti A, Marton E, Mazzucco GM, Fang S, Longatti P. Amaurosis in infancy due to craniopharyngioma: a not-exceptional but often misdiagnosed symptom. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09262. PMID: 20367364.

2270: Liu JK, Christiano LD, Gupta G, Carmel PW. Surgical nuances for removal of retrochiasmatic craniopharyngiomas via the transbasal subfrontal translamina terminalis approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09309. PMID: 20367363.

2271: Yang I, Sughrue ME, Rutkowski MJ, Kaur R, Ivan ME, Aranda D, Barani IJ, Parsa AT. Craniopharyngioma: a comparison of tumor control with various treatment strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09307. PMID: 20367362.

2272: Zada G, Lin N, Ojerholm E, Ramkissoon S, Laws ER. Craniopharyngioma and other cystic epithelial lesions of the sellar region: a review of clinical, imaging, and histopathological relationships. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS09318. PMID: 20367361.

2273: Van Gompel JJ, Nippoldt TB, Higgins DM, Meyer FB. Magnetic resonance imaging-graded hypothalamic compression in surgically treated adult craniopharyngiomas determining postoperative obesity. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09303. PMID: 20367360.

2274: Elliott RE, Sands SA, Strom RG, Wisoff JH. Craniopharyngioma Clinical Status Scale: a standardized metric of preoperative function and posttreatment outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS09304. PMID: 20367359.

2275: Elliott RE, Wisoff JH. Fusiform dilation of the carotid artery following radical resection of pediatric craniopharyngiomas: natural history and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09296. PMID: 20367358.

2276: Steinbok P, Hukin J. Intracystic treatments for craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09315. PMID: 20367357.

2277: Cavalheiro S, Di Rocco C, Valenzuela S, Dastoli PA, Tamburrini G, Massimi L, Nicacio JM, Faquini IV, Ierardi DF, Silva NS, Pettorini BL, Toledo SR. Craniopharyngiomas: intratumoral chemotherapy with interferon-alpha: a multicenter preliminary study with 60 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09310. PMID: 20367356.

2278: Veeravagu A, Lee M, Jiang B, Chang SD. The role of radiosurgery in the treatment of craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2010.2.FOCUS09311. PMID: 20367355.

2279: Kiehna EN, Merchant TE. Radiation therapy for pediatric craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09297. PMID: 20367354.

2280: Pettorini BL, Frassanito P, Caldarelli M, Tamburrini G, Massimi L, Di Rocco C. Molecular pathogenesis of craniopharyngioma: switching from a surgical approach to a biological one. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Apr;28(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09300. PMID: 20367353.

2281: Upadhyaya CD, Starr PA, Mummaneni PV. Spinal deformity and Parkinson disease: a treatment algorithm. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09288. PMID: 20196652.

2282: Wang MY, Mummaneni PV. Minimally invasive surgery for thoracolumbar spinal deformity: initial clinical experience with clinical and radiographic outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09286. PMID: 20192721.

2283: Heary RF, Karimi RJ. Correction of lumbar coronal plane deformity using unilateral cage placement. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09281. PMID: 20192720.

2284: Dakwar E, Cardona RF, Smith DA, Uribe JS. Early outcomes and safety of the minimally invasive, lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas approach for adult degenerative scoliosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09282. PMID: 20192668.

2285: Tormenti MJ, Maserati MB, Bonfield CM, Okonkwo DO, Kanter AS. Complications and radiographic correction in adult scoliosis following combined transpsoas extreme lateral interbody fusion and posterior pedicle screw instrumentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09263. PMID: 20192667.

2286: Anand N, Rosemann R, Khalsa B, Baron EM. Mid-term to long-term clinical and functional outcomes of minimally invasive correction and fusion for adults with scoliosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09272. PMID: 20192666.

2287: Dorward IG, Lenke LG. Osteotomies in the posterior-only treatment of complex adult spinal deformity: a comparative review. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09259. PMID: 20192665.

2288: Yadla S, Maltenfort MG, Ratliff JK, Harrop JS. Adult scoliosis surgery outcomes: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09254. PMID: 20192664.

2289: Pettigrew DB, Morgan CJ, Anderson RB, Wilsey PA, Kuntz C 4th. Virtual preoperative measurement and surgical manipulation of sagittal spinal alignment using a novel research and educational software program. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09283. PMID: 20192663.

2290: Bishop FS, Dailey AT, Schmidt MH. Massive Charcot spinal disease deformity in a patient presenting with increasing abdominal girth and discomfort. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09277. PMID: 20192662.

2291: Upadhyaya CD, Berven S, Mumaneni PV. Spondylolisthesis following a pedicle subtraction osteotomy. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09285. PMID: 20192661.

2292: Cabraja M, Abbushi A, Koeppen D, Kroppenstedt S, Woiciechowsky C. Comparison between anterior and posterior decompression with instrumentation for cervical spondylotic myelopathy: sagittal alignment and clinical outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09253. PMID: 20192660.

2293: Etame AB, Wang AC, Than KD, La Marca F, Park P. Outcomes after surgery for cervical spine deformity: review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09278. PMID: 20192659.

2294: Matteini LE, Kebaish KM, Volk WR, Bergin PF, Yu WD, O'Brien JR. An S-2 alar iliac pelvic fixation. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09268. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus.2010 Mar;28(3):E13a. PMID: 20192658.

2295: Mahato NK. Variable positions of the sacral auricular surface: classification and importance. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09265. PMID: 20192657.

2296: Tormenti MJ, Kostov DB, Gardner PA, Kanter AS, Spiro RM, Okonkwo DO. Intraoperative computed tomography image-guided navigation for posterior thoracolumbar spinal instrumentation in spinal deformity surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09275. PMID: 20192656.

2297: Silva FE, Lenke LG. Adult degenerative scoliosis: evaluation and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS09271. PMID: 20192655.

2298: Okonkwo DO, Mummaneni PV. Introduction: Adult spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar;28(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2010.1.FOCUS.MAR2010.INTRO. PMID: 20192654.

2299: Duffau H. Introduction. Surgery of gliomas in eloquent areas: from brain hodotopy and plasticity to functional neurooncology. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Feb;28(2):Intro. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.focus.feb2010.intro. PMID: 20121445.

2300: Isolan GR, Bianchin MM, Bragatti JA, Torres C, Schwartsmann G. Musical hallucinations following insular glioma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Feb;28(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUSFOCUS09243. PMID: 20121444.

2301: Gil-Robles S, Duffau H. Surgical management of World Health Organization Grade II gliomas in eloquent areas: the necessity of preserving a margin around functional structures. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Feb;28(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09236. PMID: 20121443.

2302: Szelényi A, Bello L, Duffau H, Fava E, Feigl GC, Galanda M, Neuloh G, Signorelli F, Sala F; Workgroup for Intraoperative Management in Low-Grade Glioma Surgery within the European Low-Grade Glioma Network. Intraoperative electrical stimulation in awake craniotomy: methodological aspects of current practice. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Feb;28(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09237. PMID: 20121442.

2303: Bello L, Castellano A, Fava E, Casaceli G, Riva M, Scotti G, Gaini SM, Falini A. Intraoperative use of diffusion tensor imaging fiber tractography and subcortical mapping for resection of gliomas: technical considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Feb;28(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09240. PMID: 20121441.

2304: González-Darder JM, González-López P, Talamantes F, Quilis V, Cortés V, García-March G, Roldán P. Multimodal navigation in the functional microsurgical resection of intrinsic brain tumors located in eloquent motor areas: role of tractography. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Feb;28(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.11.FOCUS09234. PMID: 20121440.

2305: Rutten GJ, Ramsey NF. The role of functional magnetic resonance imaging in brain surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Feb;28(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09251. PMID: 20121439.

2306: Pouratian N, Bookheimer SY. The reliability of neuroanatomy as a predictor of eloquence: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Feb;28(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.11.FOCUS09239. PMID: 20121438.

2307: Ribas GC. The cerebral sulci and gyri. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Feb;28(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.11.FOCUS09245. PMID: 20121437.

2308: Sanai N, Berger MS. Intraoperative stimulation techniques for functional pathway preservation and glioma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Feb;28(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.12.FOCUS09266. PMID: 20121436.

2309: Dardiotis E, Fountas KN, Dardioti M, Xiromerisiou G, Kapsalaki E, Tasiou A, Hadjigeorgiou GM. Genetic association studies in patients with traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.10.FOCUS09215. PMID: 20043724.

2310: Gottfried ON, Viskochil DH, Couldwell WT. Neurofibromatosis Type 1 and tumorigenesis: molecular mechanisms and therapeutic implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2009.11.FOCUS09221. PMID: 20043723.

2311: Xiromerisiou G, Dardiotis E, Tsimourtou V, Kountra PM, Paterakis KN, Kapsalaki EZ, Fountas KN, Hadjigeorgiou GM. Genetic basis of Parkinson disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.10.FOCUS09220. PMID: 20043722.

2312: Northcott PA, Rutka JT, Taylor MD. Genomics of medulloblastoma: from Giemsa-banding to next-generation sequencing in 20 years. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.10.FOCUS09218. PMID: 20043721.

2313: Kahle KT, Kozono D, Ng K, Hsieh G, Zinn PO, Nitta M, Chen CC. Functional genomics to explore cancer cell vulnerabilities. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.10.FOCUS09212. PMID: 20043720.

2314: Thaker NG, Zhang F, McDonald PR, Shun TY, Lazo JS, Pollack IF. Functional genomic analysis of glioblastoma multiforme through short interfering RNA screening: a paradigm for therapeutic development. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.10.FOCUS09210. PMID: 20043719.

2315: Turner JD, Williamson R, Almefty KK, Nakaji P, Porter R, Tse V, Kalani MY. The many roles of microRNAs in brain tumor biology. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.10.FOCUS09207. PMID: 20043718.

2316: Cowperthwaite MC, Mohanty D, Burnett MG. Genome-wide association studies: a powerful tool for neurogenomics. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2010.10.FOCUS09186. PMID: 20043717.

2317: Pfisterer WK, Nieman RA, Scheck AC, Coons SW, Spetzler RF, Preul MC. Using ex vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy to reveal associations between biochemical and biological features of meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2009.11.FOCUS09216. PMID: 20043716.

2318: Vannemreddy P, Notarianni C, Yanamandra K, Napper D, Bocchini J. Is an endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene mutation a risk factor in the origin of intraventricular hemorrhage? Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2009.10.FOCUS09143. PMID: 20043715.

2319: King MD, Laird MD, Ramesh SS, Youssef P, Shakir B, Vender JR, Alleyne CH, Dhandapani KM. Elucidating novel mechanisms of brain injury following subarachnoid hemorrhage: an emerging role for neuroproteomics. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2009.10.FOCUS09223. PMID: 20043714; PMCID: PMC3151677.

2320: Berger MS, Couldwell WT, Rutka JT, Selden NR. Introduction: neurogenomics and neuroproteomics. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.11.FOCUS.JAN10.INTRO. PMID: 20043713.

2321: Niazi TN, Cannon-Albright LA, Couldwell WT. Utah Population Database: a tool to study the hereditary element of nonsyndromic neurosurgical diseases. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jan;28(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.10.FOCUS09214. PMID: 20043712.

2322: Gerszten PC, Monaco EA 3rd. Complete percutaneous treatment of vertebral body tumors causing spinal canal compromise using a transpedicular cavitation, cement augmentation, and radiosurgical technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS09184. PMID: 19951062.

2323: Romanelli P, Conti A, Pontoriero A, Ricciardi GK, Tomasello F, De Renzis C, Innocenzi G, Esposito V, Cantore G. Role of stereotactic radiosurgery and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma multiforme. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS09187. PMID: 19951061.

2324: Karlovits BJ, Quigley MR, Karlovits SM, Miller L, Johnson M, Gayou O, Fuhrer R. Stereotactic radiosurgery boost to the resection bed for oligometastatic brain disease: challenging the tradition of adjuvant whole-brain radiotherapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS09191. PMID: 19951060.

2325: Chen JC, Bugoci DM, Girvigian MR, Miller MJ, Arellano A, Rahimian J. Control of brain metastases using frameless image-guided radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09131. PMID: 19951059.

2326: Guss ZD, Batra S, Li G, Chang SD, Parsa AT, Rigamonti D, Kleinberg L, Lim M. Radiosurgery for glomus jugulare: history and recent progress. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS09195. PMID: 19951058.

2327: Sughrue ME, Yang I, Han SJ, Aranda D, Kane AJ, Amoils M, Smith ZA, Parsa AT. Non-audiofacial morbidity after Gamma Knife surgery for vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS09198. PMID: 19951057.

2328: Franzin A, Spatola G, Serra C, Picozzi P, Medone M, Milani D, Castellazzi P, Mortini P. Evaluation of hearing function after Gamma Knife surgery of vestibular schwannomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS09196. PMID: 19951056.

2329: Yeung AH, Sughrue ME, Kane AJ, Tihan T, Cheung SW, Parsa AT. Radiobiology of vestibular schwannomas: mechanisms of radioresistance and potential targets for therapeutic sensitization. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS09185. PMID: 19951055.

2330: Truong MT, Grillone G, Tschoe C, Chin L, Kachnic LA, Jalisi S. Emerging applications of stereotactic radiotherapy in head and neck cancer. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS09199. PMID: 19951054.

2331: Shin DA, Huh R, Chung SS, Rock J, Ryu S. Stereotactic spine radiosurgery for intradural and intramedullary metastasis. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS09194. PMID: 19951053.

2332: Sheehan J, Pouratian N. Stereotactic radiosurgery: quo vadis? Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Dec;27(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS.DEC09.INTRO. PMID: 19951052.

2333: Medel R, Monteith SJ, Crowley RW, Dumont AS. A review of therapeutic strategies for the management of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09154. PMID: 19883208.

2334: Aboian MS, Daniels DJ, Rammos SK, Pozzati E, Lanzino G. The putative role of the venous system in the genesis of vascular malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09161. PMID: 19877799.

2335: Hoang S, Choudhri O, Edwards M, Guzman R. Vein of Galen malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09168. PMID: 19877798.

2336: Rahman M, Velat GJ, Hoh BL, Mocco J. Direct thrombolysis for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.7.FOCUS09146. PMID: 19877797.

2337: Galarza M, Gazzeri R. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis associated with oral contraceptives: the case for neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09158. PMID: 19877796.

2338: Bentley JN, Figueroa RE, Vender JR. From presentation to follow-up: diagnosis and treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09166. PMID: 19877795.

2339: Filippidis A, Kapsalaki E, Patramani G, Fountas KN. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: review of the demographics, pathophysiology, current diagnosis, and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09167. PMID: 19877794.

2340: García-González U, Cavalcanti DD, Agrawal A, Gonzalez LF, Wallace RC, Spetzler RF, Preul MC. The diploic venous system: surgical anatomy and neurosurgical implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09169. PMID: 19877793.

2341: Arac A, Lee M, Steinberg GK, Marcellus M, Marks MP. Efficacy of endovascular stenting in dural venous sinus stenosis for the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS09165. PMID: 19877792.

2342: Rangel-Castilla L, Krishna C, Klucznik R, Diaz O. Endovascular embolization with Onyx in the management of sinus pericranii: a case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09170. PMID: 19877791.

2343: Moftakhar P, Danielpour M, Maya M, Alexander MJ. Spontaneous thrombosis of neonatal vein of Galen malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09162. PMID: 19877790.

2344: Conti A, Pontoriero A, Salamone I, Siragusa C, Midili F, La Torre D, Calisto A, Granata F, Romanelli P, De Renzis C, Tomasello F. Protecting venous structures during radiosurgery for parasagittal meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09-157. PMID: 19877789.

2345: Sekula RF, Frederickson AM, Jannetta PJ, Bhatia S, Quigley MR, Abdel Aziz KM. Microvascular decompression in patients with isolated maxillary division trigeminal neuralgia, with particular attention to venous pathology. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09156. PMID: 19877788.

2346: Nakase H. Introduction: venous brain circulation disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Nov;27(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.9.FOCUS.NOV09.INTRO. PMID: 19877787.

2347: Youssef AS, Downes AE. Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring in vestibular schwannoma surgery: advances and clinical implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Oct;27(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09144. PMID: 19795957.

2348: Wang AC, Than KD, Etame AB, La Marca F, Park P. Impact of anesthesia on transcranial electric motor evoked potential monitoring during spine surgery: a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Oct;27(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09145. PMID: 19795956.

2349: Gonzalez AA, Jeyanandarajan D, Hansen C, Zada G, Hsieh PC. Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring during spine surgery: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Oct;27(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09150. PMID: 19795955.

2350: Kombos T, Süss O, Vajkoczy P. Subcortical mapping and monitoring during insular tumor surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Oct;27(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09140. PMID: 19795954.

2351: Bertani G, Fava E, Casaceli G, Carrabba G, Casarotti A, Papagno C, Castellano A, Falini A, Gaini SM, Bello L. Intraoperative mapping and monitoring of brain functions for the resection of low-grade gliomas: technical considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Oct;27(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09137. PMID: 19795953.

2352: Kombos T, Süss O. Neurophysiological basis of direct cortical stimulation and applied neuroanatomy of the motor cortex: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Oct;27(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09141. PMID: 19795952.

2353: Cabraja M, Stockhammer F, Mularski S, Suess O, Kombos T, Vajkoczy P. Neurophysiological intraoperative monitoring in neurosurgery: aid or handicap? An international survey. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Oct;27(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.7.FOCUS0969. PMID: 19795951.

2354: Hecht N, Woitzik J, Dreier JP, Vajkoczy P. Intraoperative monitoring of cerebral blood flow by laser speckle contrast analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Oct;27(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS09148. PMID: 19795950.

2355: Sekula RF Jr, Bhatia S, Frederickson AM, Jannetta PJ, Quigley MR, Small GA, Breisinger R. Utility of intraoperative electromyography in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm: a meta-analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Oct;27(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.focus09142. PMID: 19795949.

2356: Fehlings MG, Houldon D, Vajkoczy P. Introduction. Intraoperative neuromonitoring: an essential component of the neurosurgical and spinal armamentarium. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Oct;27(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.8.FOCUS.OCT09.INTRO. PMID: 19795948.

2357: Taillandier L, Duffau H. Epilepsy and insular Grade II gliomas: an interdisciplinary point of view from a retrospective monocentric series of 46 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Aug;27(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS09102. PMID: 19757989.

2358: Oppenheimer JH, DeCastro I, McDonnell DE. Minimally invasive spine technology and minimally invasive spine surgery: a historical review. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.7.FOCUS09121. PMID: 19722824.

2359: Gandhi CD, Christiano LD, Eloy JA, Prestigiacomo CJ, Post KD. The historical evolution of transsphenoidal surgery: facilitation by technological advances. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS09119. PMID: 19722823.

2360: Grunert P, Gaab MR, Hellwig D, Oertel JM. German neuroendoscopy above the skull base. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS09123. PMID: 19722822.

2361: Ryan RW, Spetzler RF, Preul MC. Aura of technology and the cutting edge: a history of lasers in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS09125. PMID: 19722821.

2362: Lulic D, Ahmadian A, Baaj AA, Benbadis SR, Vale FL. Vagus nerve stimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS09126. PMID: 19722820.

2363: Uluç K, Kujoth GC, Başkaya MK. Operating microscopes: past, present, and future. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS09120. PMID: 19722819.

2364: Bergman WC, Schulz RA, Davis DS. Factors influencing the genesis of neurosurgical technology. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS09117. PMID: 19722817.

2365: Cavalcanti DD, Feindel W, Goodrich JT, Dagi TF, Prestigiacomo CJ, Preul MC. Anatomy, technology, art, and culture: toward a realistic perspective of the brain. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.7.FOCUS09127. PMID: 19722816.

2366: Rahman M, Murad GJ, Bova F, Friedman WA, Mocco J. Stereotactic radiosurgery and the linear accelerator: accelerating electrons in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/2009.7.FOCUS09116. PMID: 19722815.

2367: Rahman M, Murad GJ, Mocco J. Early history of the stereotactic apparatus in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/2009.7.FOCUS09118. PMID: 19722814.

2368: Enchev Y. Neuronavigation: geneology, reality, and prospects. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS09109. PMID: 19722813.

2369: Baaj AA, Uribe JS, Vale FL, Preul MC, Crawford NR. History of cervical disc arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS09128. PMID: 19722812.

2370: Prestigiacomo CJ, Preul MC. Introduction: a view of neurosurgery's legacy in technology. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Sep;27(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS.SEPT09.INTRO. PMID: 19722811.

2371: von Lehe M, Schramm J. Gliomas of the cingulate gyrus: surgical management and functional outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Aug;27(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS09104. PMID: 19645564.

2372: Duffau H, Moritz-Gasser S, Gatignol P. Functional outcome after language mapping for insular World Health Organization Grade II gliomas in the dominant hemisphere: experience with 24 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Aug;27(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.5.FOCUS0938. PMID: 19645563.

2373: Ruban D, Byrne RW, Kanner A, Smith M, Cochran EJ, Roh D, Whisler WW. Chronic epilepsy associated with temporal tumors: long-term surgical outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Aug;27(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.5.FOCUS0998. PMID: 19645562.

2374: Phi JH, Chung CK. Brain tumors in the mesial temporal lobe: long-term oncological outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Aug;27(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.5.FOCUS09106. PMID: 19645561.

2375: Rajneesh KF, Binder DK. Tumor-associated epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Aug;27(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.5.FOCUS09101. PMID: 19645560.

2376: Lövblad KO, Schaller K. Surgical anatomy and functional connectivity of the limbic system. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Aug;27(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.5.FOCUS09103. PMID: 19645559.

2377: Kalani MY, Kalani MA, Gwinn R, Keogh B, Tse VC. Embryological development of the human insula and its implications for the spread and resection of insular gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Aug;27(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.5.FOCUS0997. PMID: 19645558.

2378: Meyer B. Introduction: surgery of limbic and paralimbic gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Aug;27(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.6.FOCUS.AUG09.INTRO. PMID: 19645557.

2379: Kellis SS, House PA, Thomson KE, Brown R, Greger B. Human neocortical electrical activity recorded on nonpenetrating microwire arrays: applicability for neuroprostheses. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0974. PMID: 19569897; PMCID: PMC2941644.

2380: Rohatgi P, Langhals NB, Kipke DR, Patil PG. In vivo performance of a microelectrode neural probe with integrated drug delivery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0983. PMID: 19569896; PMCID: PMC3938951.

2381: Denning T, Matsuoka Y, Kohno T. Neurosecurity: security and privacy for neural devices. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0985. PMID: 19569895.

2382: Pezaris JS, Eskandar EN. Getting signals into the brain: visual prosthetics through thalamic microstimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0986. PMID: 19569894; PMCID: PMC2848996.

2383: Ryu SI, Shenoy KV. Human cortical prostheses: lost in translation? Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0987. PMID: 19569893; PMCID: PMC3614414.

2384: Leuthardt EC, Schalk G, Roland J, Rouse A, Moran DW. Evolution of brain- computer interfaces: going beyond classic motor physiology. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0979. PMID: 19569892; PMCID: PMC2920041.

2385: Hu R, Eskandar E, Williams Z. Role of deep brain stimulation in modulating memory formation and recall. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0975. PMID: 19569891; PMCID: PMC2848994.

2386: Awan NR, Lozano A, Hamani C. Deep brain stimulation: current and future perspectives. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0982. PMID: 19569890.

2387: Pancrazio JJ. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke support for brain-machine interface technology. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS0989. PMID: 19569889; PMCID: PMC2742776.

2388: Blakely T, Miller KJ, Zanos SP, Rao RP, Ojemann JG. Robust, long-term control of an electrocorticographic brain-computer interface with fixed parameters. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0977. PMID: 19569888.

2389: Scherer R, Zanos SP, Miller KJ, Rao RP, Ojemann JG. Classification of contralateral and ipsilateral finger movements for electrocorticographic brain- computer interfaces. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0981. PMID: 19569887.

2390: Reddy CG, Reddy GG, Kawasaki H, Oya H, Miller LE, Howard MA 3rd. Decoding movement-related cortical potentials from electrocorticography. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0990. PMID: 19569886; PMCID: PMC3686514.

2391: Leuthardt EC, Freudenberg Z, Bundy D, Roland J. Microscale recording from human motor cortex: implications for minimally invasive electrocorticographic brain-computer interfaces. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0980. PMID: 19569885; PMCID: PMC2875251.

2392: Patil PG. Introduction: advances in brain-machine interfaces. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jul;27(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.5.FOCUS.JULY09.INTRO. PMID: 19569884.

2393: Gooch MR, Gin GE, Kenning TJ, German JW. Complications of cranioplasty following decompressive craniectomy: analysis of 62 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jun;26(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS0962. PMID: 19485722.

2394: Aarabi B, Chesler D, Maulucci C, Blacklock T, Alexander M. Dynamics of subdural hygroma following decompressive craniectomy: a comparative study. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jun;26(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS0947. PMID: 19485721.

2395: Stiver SI. Complications of decompressive craniectomy for traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jun;26(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0965. PMID: 19485720.

2396: Kenning TJ, Gandhi RH, German JW. A comparison of hinge craniotomy and decompressive craniectomy for the treatment of malignant intracranial hypertension: early clinical and radiographic analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jun;26(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS0960. PMID: 19485719.

2397: Lanterna LA, Gritti P, Manara O, Grimod G, Bortolotti G, Biroli F. Decompressive surgery in malignant dural sinus thrombosis: report of 3 cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jun;26(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS0910. PMID: 19485718.

2398: Güresir E, Schuss P, Vatter H, Raabe A, Seifert V, Beck J. Decompressive craniectomy in subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jun;26(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS0954. PMID: 19485717.

2399: Arac A, Blanchard V, Lee M, Steinberg GK. Assessment of outcome following decompressive craniectomy for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction in patients older than 60 years of age. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jun;26(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS0958. PMID: 19485716.

2400: Danish SF, Barone D, Lega BC, Stein SC. Quality of life after hemicraniectomy for traumatic brain injury in adults. A review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jun;26(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS945. PMID: 19485715.

2401: Cabraja M, Klein M, Lehmann TN. Long-term results following titanium cranioplasty of large skull defects. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jun;26(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS091. PMID: 19485714.

2402: Manley GT. Introduction: decompressive craniectomy for trauma and cerebrovascular disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jun;26(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.4.FOCUS.JUNE09.INTRO. PMID: 19485713.

2403: Pham K, Gupta R. Understanding the mechanisms of entrapment neuropathies. Review article. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E7. PMID: 19435447.

2404: Oppenheim JS, Spitzer DE, Winfree CJ. Spinal cord bypass surgery using peripheral nerve transfers: review of translational studies and a case report on its use following complete spinal cord injury in a human. Experimental article. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E6. PMID: 19435446.

2405: de Ruiter GC, Malessy MJ, Yaszemski MJ, Windebank AJ, Spinner RJ. Designing ideal conduits for peripheral nerve repair. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E5. PMID: 19435445; PMCID: PMC2978041.

2406: Hood B, Levene HB, Levi AD. Transplantation of autologous Schwann cells for the repair of segmental peripheral nerve defects. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E4. PMID: 19435444.

2407: Walsh S, Midha R. Practical considerations concerning the use of stem cells for peripheral nerve repair. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E2. PMID: 19435443.

2408: Koenig RW, Pedro MT, Heinen CP, Schmidt T, Richter HP, Antoniadis G, Kretschmer T. High-resolution ultrasonography in evaluating peripheral nerve entrapment and trauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E13. PMID: 19435442.

2409: Elangovan S, Odegard GM, Morrow DA, Wang H, Hébert-Blouin MN, Spinner RJ. Intraneural ganglia: a clinical problem deserving a mechanistic explanation and model. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E11. PMID: 19435441.

2410: Wang H, Terrill RQ, Tanaka S, Amrami KK, Spinner RJ. Adherence of intraneural ganglia of the upper extremity to the principles of the unifying articular (synovial) theory. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E10. PMID: 19435440.

2411: Friedman AH, Elias WJ, Midha R. Introduction: peripheral nerve surgery– biology, entrapment, and injuries. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E1. PMID: 19435439.

2412: Brown JM, Shah MN, Mackinnon SE. Distal nerve transfers: a biology-based rationale. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E12. PMID: 19416056.

2413: Achrol AS, Guzman R, Varga M, Adler JR, Steinberg GK, Chang SD. Pathogenesis and radiobiology of brain arteriovenous malformations: implications for risk stratification in natural history and posttreatment course. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS0926. PMID: 19409010.

2414: Ducruet AF, Kellner CP, Connolly ES Jr, Meyers PM. Endovascular occlusion of a ruptured transitional aneurysm associated with a developmental venous anomaly. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS08291. PMID: 19409009.

2415: Zada G, Christian E, Liu CY, Giannotta SL. Fenestrated aneurysm clips in the surgical management of anterior communicating artery aneurysms: operative techniques and strategy. Clinical article. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS08314. PMID: 19409008.

2416: Bambakidis NC, Manjila S, Dashti S, Tarr R, Megerian CA. Management of anterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms: an illustrative case and review of literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS0915. PMID: 19409007.

2417: Christiano LD, Gupta G, Prestigiacomo CJ, Gandhi CD. Giant serpentine aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS0918. PMID: 19409006.

2418: Eddleman CS, Hurley MC, Bendok BR, Batjer HH. Cavernous carotid aneurysms: to treat or not to treat? Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS0920. PMID: 19409005.

2419: de Oliveira JG, Borba LA, Rassi-Neto A, de Moura SM, Sanchez-Júnior SL, Rassi MS, de Holanda CV, Giudicissi-Filho M. Intracranial aneurysms presenting with mass effect over the anterior optic pathways: neurosurgical management and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS0924. PMID: 19409004.

2420: Choi R, Andres RH, Steinberg GK, Guzman R. Intraoperative hypothermia during vascular neurosurgical procedures. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E24. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS0927. PMID: 19409003.

2421: Merchant A, Drazin D, Dalfino J, Yamamoto J, Boulos AS. Delayed stenosis as a consequence of angioplasty for subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced vasospasm. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E23. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS0912. PMID: 19409002.

2422: Fountas KN, Tasiou A, Kapsalaki EZ, Paterakis KN, Grigorian AA, Lee GP, Robinson JS Jr. Serum and cerebrospinal fluid C-reactive protein levels as predictors of vasospasm in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Clinical article. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E22. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS08311. PMID: 19409001.

2423: Whiting J, Reavey-Cantwell J, Velat G, Fautheree G, Firment C, Lewis S, Hoh B. Clinical course of nontraumatic, nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a single-institution experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E21. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS092. PMID: 19409000.

2424: Fischer G, Stadie A, Schwandt E, Gawehn J, Boor S, Marx J, Oertel J. Minimally invasive superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass through a minicraniotomy: benefit of three-dimensional virtual reality planning using magnetic resonance angiography. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E20. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS0917. PMID: 19408999.

2425: Lall RR, Eddleman CS, Bendok BR, Batjer HH. Unruptured intracranial aneurysms and the assessment of rupture risk based on anatomical and morphological factors: sifting through the sands of data. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS0921. PMID: 19408998.

2426: Crowley RW, Medel R, Dumont AS. Operative nuances of an occipital artery to posterior inferior cerebellar artery bypass. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E19. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS0911. PMID: 19408997.

2427: Baaj AA, Agazzi S, van Loveren H. Graft selection in cerebral revascularization. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E18. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS08303. PMID: 19408996.

2428: Hayden MG, Lee M, Guzman R, Steinberg GK. The evolution of cerebral revascularization surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E17. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.FOCUS0931. PMID: 19408995.

2429: Pham M, Gross BA, Bendok BR, Awad IA, Batjer HH. Radiosurgery for angiographically occult vascular malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS0923. PMID: 19408994.

2430: Sivakumar W, Zada G, Yashar P, Giannotta SL, Teitelbaum G, Larsen DW. Endovascular management of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. A review. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS098. PMID: 19408993.

2431: Zipfel GJ, Shah MN, Refai D, Dacey RG Jr, Derdeyn CP. Cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas: modification of angiographic classification scales based on new natural history data. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS0928. PMID: 19408992.

2432: Loy DN, Rich KM, Simpson J, Dorward I, Santanam L, Derdeyn CP. Time-of- flight magnetic resonance angiography imaging of a residual arteriovenous malformation nidus after Onyx embolization for stereotactic radiosurgery planning. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS08246. PMID: 19408991.

2433: Arnaout OM, Gross BA, Eddleman CS, Bendok BR, Getch CC, Batjer HH. Posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS0914. PMID: 19408990.

2434: Moftakhar P, Hauptman JS, Malkasian D, Martin NA. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Part 2: physiology. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS09317. PMID: 19408989.

2435: Moftakhar P, Hauptman JS, Malkasian D, Martin NA. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Part 1: cellular and molecular biology. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS09316. PMID: 19408988.

2436: Eddleman CS, Batjer HH, Lavine S. Introduction: vascular neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May;26(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS.MAY09.INTRO. PMID: 19408987.

2437: Jane JA Sr. Molecular mechanisms of traumatic brain injury in children. A review. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.10.E6r. PMID: 19341349.

2438: Czabanka M, Vajkoczy P, Schmiedek P, Horn P. Age-dependent revascularization patterns in the treatment of moyamoya disease in a European patient population. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS08298. PMID: 19335135.

2439: Starke RM, Komotar RJ, Connolly ES. Optimal surgical treatment for moyamoya disease in adults: direct versus indirect bypass. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/2009.01.FOCUS08309. PMID: 19335134.

2440: Baaj AA, Agazzi S, Sayed ZA, Toledo M, Spetzler RF, van Loveren H. Surgical management of moyamoya disease: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/2009.01.FOCUS08293. PMID: 19335133.

2441: Zipfel GJ, Sagar J, Miller JP, Videen TO, Grubb RL Jr, Dacey RG Jr, Derdeyn CP. Cerebral hemodynamics as a predictor of stroke in adult patients with moyamoya disease: a prospective observational study. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/2009.01.FOCUS08305. PMID: 19335132; PMCID: PMC2747517.

2442: Lee M, Zaharchuk G, Guzman R, Achrol A, Bell-Stephens T, Steinberg GK. Quantitative hemodynamic studies in moyamoya disease: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS08300. PMID: 19335131; PMCID: PMC2905646.

2443: Achrol AS, Guzman R, Lee M, Steinberg GK. Pathophysiology and genetic factors in moyamoya disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS08302. PMID: 19335130.

2444: Bacigaluppi S, Dehdashti AR, Agid R, Krings T, Tymianski M, Mikulis DJ. The contribution of imaging in diagnosis, preoperative assessment, and follow-up of moyamoya disease: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/2009.01.FOCUS08296. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E3a. PMID: 19335129.

2445: Smith JL. Understanding and treating moyamoya disease in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/2000.01.FOCUS08306. PMID: 19335128.

2446: Burke GM, Burke AM, Sherma AK, Hurley MC, Batjer HH, Bendok BR. Moyamoya disease: a summary. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS08310. PMID: 19335127.

2447: Smith ER, McClain CD, Heeney M, Scott RM. Pial synangiosis in patients with moyamoya syndrome and sickle cell anemia: perioperative management and surgical outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/2009.01.FOCUS08307. PMID: 19335126.

2448: Scott RM, Smith ER. Introduction: moyamoya disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.2.FOCUS.APR09.INTRO. PMID: 19335125.

2449: Filler AG. Diagnosis and treatment of pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome subtypes: imaging, injections, and minimal access surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E9. PMID: 19323602.

2450: Eddleman CS, Hurley MC, Naidech AM, Batjer HH, Bendok BR. Endovascular options in the treatment of delayed ischemic neurological deficits due to cerebral vasospasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2009;26(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/2008.11.FOCUS08278. PMID: 19249962.

2451: Crowley RW, Medel R, Dumont AS. Traumatic high flow vertebral-venous fistula presenting with delayed ischemic stroke: endovascular management with detachable coils and Amplatzer Vascular Plugs. Neurosurg Focus. 2009;26(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/2008.12.FOCUS08274. PMID: 19249961.

2452: Medel R, Crowley RW, Dumont AS. Hyperperfusion syndrome following endovascular cerebral revascularization. Neurosurg Focus. 2009;26(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS08276. PMID: 19249960.

2453: Kole M, Amin B, Marin H, Russman A, Sanders W. Intracranial angioplasty and stent placement for direct cerebral revascularization of nonacute intracranial occlusions and near occlusions. Neurosurg Focus. 2009;26(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/2008.12.FOCUS08269. PMID: 19249959.

2454: Gandhi CD, Christiano LD, Prestigiacomo CJ. Endovascular management of acute ischemic stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2009;26(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS08275. PMID: 19249958.

2455: Dumont AS, Evans AJ. Introduction: Endovascular approaches to cerebral ischemia. Neurosurg Focus. 2009;26(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/2009.1.FOCUS.MAR09.INTRO. PMID: 19249957.

2456: Gordon T. The role of neurotrophic factors in nerve regeneration. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E3. PMID: 19228105.

2457: Lad SP, Santarelli JG, Patil CG, Steinberg GK, Boakye M. National trends in spinal arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan;26(1):1-5. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.1.E10. PMID: 19228104.

2458: Rochkind S. Phototherapy in peripheral nerve regeneration: From basic science to clinical study. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Feb;26(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.2.E8. PMID: 19199510.

2459: Zhao JC, Liu JK. Transzygomatic extended middle fossa approach for upper petroclival skull base lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E5; discussion E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E5. PMID: 19128050.

2460: Eddleman CS, Jeong H, Cashen TA, Walker M, Bendok BR, Batjer HH, Carroll TJ. Advanced noninvasive imaging of spinal vascular malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan;26(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.1.E9. PMID: 19119895; PMCID: PMC2843400.

2461: Dehdashti AR, Da Costa LB, terBrugge KG, Willinsky RA, Tymianski M, Wallace MC. Overview of the current role of endovascular and surgical treatment in spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan;26(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.1.E8. PMID: 19119894.

2462: Medel R, Crowley RW, Dumont AS. Endovascular management of spinal vascular malformations: history and literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan;26(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.1.E7. PMID: 19119893.

2463: da Costa L, Dehdashti AR, terBrugge KG. Spinal cord vascular shunts: spinal cord vascular malformations and dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan;26(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.1.E6. PMID: 19119892.

2464: Clarke MJ, Patrick TA, White JB, Cloft HJ, Krauss WE, Lindell EP, Piepgras DG. Spinal extradural arteriovenous malformations with parenchymal drainage: venous drainage variability and implications in clinical manifestations. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan;26(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.1.E5. PMID: 19119891.

2465: Fassett DR, Rammos SK, Patel P, Parikh H, Couldwell WT. Intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from cervical spine dural arteriovenous fistulas: literature review and case presentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan;26(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.1.E4. PMID: 19119890.

2466: Klopper HB, Surdell DL, Thorell WE. Type I spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas: historical review and illustrative case. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan;26(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.1.E3. PMID: 19119889.

2467: Manjila S, Haroon N, Parker B, Xavier AR, Guthikonda M, Rengachary SS. Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz (1850-1921): unsung hero behind the eponymic artery. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan;26(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.1.E2. PMID: 19119888.

2468: Oldfield EH. Introduction: Spinal vascular malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Jan;26(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2009.26.1.E1. PMID: 19119887.

2469: Surdell DL, Hage ZA, Eddleman CS, Gupta DK, Bendok BR, Batjer HH. Revascularization for complex intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E21. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.2.E21. PMID: 19072335.

2470: Jabbour P, Fehlings M, Vaccaro AR, Harrop JS. Traumatic spine injuries in the geriatric population. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E16. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E16. PMID: 19067564.

2471: Bragg TM, Duckworth EA. Contralateral far-lateral approach for clipping of a ruptured vertebral artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E9. PMID: 19035706.

2472: de Divitiis E, Esposito F, Cappabianca P, Cavallo LM, de Divitiis O, Esposito I. Endoscopic transnasal resection of anterior cranial fossa meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E8. PMID: 19035705.

2473: Carrabba G, Dehdashti AR, Gentili F. Surgery for clival lesions: open resection versus the expanded endoscopic endonasal approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E7. PMID: 19035704.

2474: Ramina R, Mattei TA, Sória MG, da Silva EB Jr, Leal AG, Neto MC, Fernandes YB. Surgical management of trigeminal schwannomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E6; discussion E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E6. PMID: 19035703.

2475: Seçkin H, Avci E, Uluç K, Niemann D, Başkaya MK. The work horse of skull base surgery: orbitozygomatic approach. Technique, modifications, and applications. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E4. PMID: 19035702.

2476: Zada G, Day JD, Giannotta SL. The extradural temporopolar approach: a review of indications and operative technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E3. PMID: 19035701.

2477: Janjua RM, Al-Mefty O, Densler DW, Shields CB. Dural relationships of Meckel cave and lateral wall of the cavernous sinus. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E2. PMID: 19035700.

2478: Di X, Luciano MG, Benzel EC. Acute respiratory arrest following partial suboccipital cranioplasty for cerebellar ptosis from Chiari malformation decompression. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E12. PMID: 19035699.

2479: Wind JJ, Caputy AJ, Roberti F. Spontaneous encephaloceles of the temporal lobe. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E11. PMID: 19035698.

2480: O'Malley BW Jr, Grady MS, Gabel BC, Cohen MA, Heuer GG, Pisapia J, Bohman LE, Leibowitz JM. Comparison of endoscopic and microscopic removal of pituitary adenomas: single-surgeon experience and the learning curve. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E10. PMID: 19035697.

2481: Dolenc VV. Introduction: surgery of the central skull base. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.12.E1. PMID: 19035696.

2482: Aarabi B, Koltz M, Ibrahimi D. Hyperextension cervical spine injuries and traumatic central cord syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E9. PMID: 18980483.

2483: Patel AA, Dailey A, Brodke DS, Daubs M, Anderson PA, Hurlbert RJ, Vacccaro AR; Spine Trauma Study Group. Subaxial cervical spine trauma classification: the Subaxial Injury Classification system and case examples. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E8. PMID: 18980482.

2484: Kingwell SP, Curt A, Dvorak MF. Factors affecting neurological outcome in traumatic conus medullaris and cauda equina injuries. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E7. PMID: 18980481.

2485: Tufan K, Oztanir N, Ofluoglu E, Ozogul C, Uzum N, Dursun A, Pasaoglu H, Pasaoglu A. Ultrastructure protection and attenuation of lipid peroxidation after blockade of presynaptic release of glutamate by lamotrigine in experimental spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E6. PMID: 18980480.

2486: Christie SD, Comeau B, Myers T, Sadi D, Purdy M, Mendez I. Duration of lipid peroxidation after acute spinal cord injury in rats and the effect of methylprednisolone. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E5. PMID: 18980479.

2487: Reddy SJ, La Marca F, Park P. The role of heat shock proteins in spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E4. PMID: 18980478.

2488: Assina R, Sankar T, Theodore N, Javedan SP, Gibson AR, Horn KM, Berens M, Sonntag VK, Preul MC. Activated autologous macrophage implantation in a large- animal model of spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E3. PMID: 18980477.

2489: Rowland JW, Hawryluk GW, Kwon B, Fehlings MG. Current status of acute spinal cord injury pathophysiology and emerging therapies: promise on the horizon. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E2. PMID: 18980476.

2490: Ahn H, Fehlings MG. Prevention, identification, and treatment of perioperative spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E15. PMID: 18980475.

2491: Hawryluk GW, Rowland J, Kwon BK, Fehlings MG. Protection and repair of the injured spinal cord: a review of completed, ongoing, and planned clinical trials for acute spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E14. PMID: 18980474.

2492: Furlan JC, Fehlings MG. Cardiovascular complications after acute spinal cord injury: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E13. PMID: 18980473.

2493: Horn EM, Theodore N, Assina R, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VK, Preul MC. The effects of intrathecal hypotension on tissue perfusion and pathophysiological outcome after acute spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E12. PMID: 18980472.

2494: Xie J, Boakye M. Electrophysiological outcomes after spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E11. PMID: 18980471.

2495: Milby AH, Halpern CH, Guo W, Stein SC. Prevalence of cervical spinal injury in trauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E10. PMID: 18980470.

2496: Fehlings MG, Tighe A. Spinal cord injury: the promise of translational research. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.11.E1. PMID: 18980469.

2497: Christian E, Zada G, Sung G, Giannotta SL. A review of selective hypothermia in the management of traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct;25(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.10.E9. PMID: 18828707.

2498: Tran TY, Dunne IE, German JW. Beta blockers exposure and traumatic brain injury: a literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct;25(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.10.E8. PMID: 18828706.

2499: Rangel-Castilla L, Gasco J, Nauta HJ, Okonkwo DO, Robertson CS. Cerebral pressure autoregulation in traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct;25(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.10.E7. PMID: 18828705.

2500: Jagannathan P, Jagannathan J. Molecular mechanisms of traumatic brain injury in children. A review. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct;25(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.10.E6. Retraction in: Jane JA Sr. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 Apr;26(4):E12. PMID: 18828704.

2501: Stiver SI, Manley GT. Prehospital management of traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct;25(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.10.E5. PMID: 18828703.

2502: Figaji AA, Zwane E, Fieggen AG, Peter JC, Leroux PD. Acute clinical grading in pediatric severe traumatic brain injury and its association with subsequent intracranial pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure, and brain oxygenation. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct;25(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.10.E4. PMID: 18828702.

2503: Jones KE, Puccio AM, Harshman KJ, Falcione B, Benedict N, Jankowitz BT, Stippler M, Fischer M, Sauber-Schatz EK, Fabio A, Darby JM, Okonkwo DO. Levetiracetam versus phenytoin for seizure prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct;25(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.10.E3. PMID: 18828701; PMCID: PMC3705765.

2504: Zweifel C, Lavinio A, Steiner LA, Radolovich D, Smielewski P, Timofeev I, Hiler M, Balestreri M, Kirkpatrick PJ, Pickard JD, Hutchinson P, Czosnyka M. Continuous monitoring of cerebrovascular pressure reactivity in patients with head injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct;25(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.10.E2. PMID: 18828700.

2505: Okonkwo DO. Introduction: traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct;25(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC.2008.25.10.E1. PMID: 18828699.

2506: Mapstone TB. Vagus nerve stimulation: current concepts. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E9. PMID: 18759633.

2507: Addas B, Sherman EM, Hader WJ. Surgical management of hypothalamic hamartomas in patients with gelastic epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E8. PMID: 18759632.

2508: Jea A, Vachhrajani S, Johnson KK, Rutka JT. Corpus callosotomy in children with intractable epilepsy using frameless stereotactic neuronavigation: 12-year experience at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E7. PMID: 18759631.

2509: Diaz RJ, Sherman EM, Hader WJ. Surgical treatment of intractable epilepsy associated with focal cortical dysplasia. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E6. PMID: 18759630.

2510: Adada B. Selective amygdalohippocampectomy via the transsylvian approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E5. PMID: 18759629.

2511: Wheatley BM. Selective amygdalohippocampectomy: the trans-middle temporal gyrus approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E4. PMID: 18759628.

2512: Widjaja E, Raybaud C. Advances in neuroimaging in patients with epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E3. PMID: 18759627.

2513: Bhatia S, Ragheb J, Johnson M, Oh S, Sandberg DI, Lin WC. The role of optical spectroscopy in epilepsy surgery in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E24. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E24. PMID: 18759626.

2514: Van Gompel JJ, Stead SM, Giannini C, Meyer FB, Marsh WR, Fountain T, So E, Cohen-Gadol A, Lee KH, Worrell GA. Phase I trial: safety and feasibility of intracranial electroencephalography using hybrid subdural electrodes containing macro- and microelectrode arrays. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E23. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E23. PMID: 18759625; PMCID: PMC2841515.

2515: Kahle KT, Staley KJ. The bumetanide-sensitive Na-K-2Cl cotransporter NKCC1 as a potential target of a novel mechanism-based treatment strategy for neonatal seizures. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E22. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E22. PMID: 18759624.

2516: Chamoun RB, Nayar VV, Yoshor D. Neuronavigation applied to epilepsy monitoring with subdural electrodes. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E21. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E21. PMID: 18759623.

2517: Stuart RM, Goodman RR. Novel use of a custom stereotactic frame for placement of depth electrodes for epilepsy monitoring. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E20. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E20. PMID: 18759622.

2518: Go C, Snead OC 3rd. Pharmacologically intractable epilepsy in children: diagnosis and preoperative evaluation. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E2. PMID: 18759621.

2519: Spire WJ, Jobst BC, Thadani VM, Williamson PD, Darcey TM, Roberts DW. Robotic image-guided depth electrode implantation in the evaluation of medically intractable epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E19. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E19. PMID: 18759620.

2520: Blount JP, Cormier J, Kim H, Kankirawatana P, Riley KO, Knowlton RC. Advances in intracranial monitoring. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E18. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E18. PMID: 18759619.

2521: Stone SS, Rutka JT. Utility of neuronavigation and neuromonitoring in epilepsy surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E17. PMID: 18759618.

2522: Tovar-Spinoza ZS, Ochi A, Rutka JT, Go C, Otsubo H. The role of magnetoencephalography in epilepsy surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E16. PMID: 18759617.

2523: Goyal M, Robinson S. Expanding the role of surgery in intractable extratemporal pediatric epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E15. PMID: 18759616.

2524: De Ribaupierre S, Delalande O. Hemispherotomy and other disconnective techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E14. PMID: 18759615.

2525: Bollo RJ, Kalhorn SP, Carlson C, Haegeli V, Devinsky O, Weiner HL. Epilepsy surgery and tuberous sclerosis complex: special considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E13. PMID: 18759614.

2526: Anderson WS, Kossoff EH, Bergey GK, Jallo GI. Implantation of a responsive neurostimulator device in patients with refractory epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E12. PMID: 18759613.

2527: Ellis TL, Stevens A. Deep brain stimulation for medically refractory epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E11. PMID: 18759612.

2528: Baaj AA, Benbadis SR, Tatum WO, Vale FL. Trends in the use of vagus nerve stimulation for epilepsy: analysis of a nationwide database. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E10. PMID: 18759611.

2529: Rutka JT. Advances in the management of epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E1. PMID: 18759610.

2530: Smith JS, Ogden AT, Fessler RG. Minimally invasive posterior thoracic fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E9. PMID: 18673057.

2531: Kan P, Schmidt MH. Minimally invasive thoracoscopic approach for anterior decompression and stabilization of metastatic spine disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E8. PMID: 18673056.

2532: Wang VY, Kanter AS, Mummaneni PV. Removal of ossified ligamentum flavum via a minimally invasive surgical approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E7. PMID: 18673055.

2533: Gardner PA, Ochalski PG, Moossy JJ. Minimally invasive endoscopic-assisted posterior thoracic sympathectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E6. PMID: 18673054.

2534: Chi JH, Dhall SS, Kanter AS, Mummaneni PV. The Mini-Open transpedicular thoracic discectomy: surgical technique and assessment. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E5. PMID: 18673053.

2535: Rhiew R, Manjila S, Dezure A, Tabbosha M, Guthikonda M, Eltahawy H. Minimally invasive anterior vertebroplasty for C-2 metastatic lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E4. PMID: 18673052.

2536: Benglis DM, Guest JD, Wang MY. Clinical feasibility of minimally invasive cervical laminoplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E3. PMID: 18673051.

2537: German JW, Adamo MA, Hoppenot RG, Blossom JH, Nagle HA. Perioperative results following lumbar discectomy: comparison of minimally invasive discectomy and standard microdiscectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E20. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E20. PMID: 18673050.

2538: Coric D, Adamson T. Minimally invasive cervical microendoscopic laminoforaminotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E2. PMID: 18673049.

2539: Hsieh PC, Koski TR, Sciubba DM, Moller DJ, O'Shaughnessy BA, Li KW, Gokaslan ZL, Ondra SL, Fessler RG, Liu JC. Maximizing the potential of minimally invasive spine surgery in complex spinal disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E19. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E19. PMID: 18673048.

2540: Sheehan JP, Jagannathan J. Review of spinal radiosurgery: a minimally invasive approach for the treatment of spinal and paraspinal metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E18. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E18. PMID: 18673047.

2541: Wang MY, Ludwig SC, Anderson DG, Mummaneni PV. Percutaneous iliac screw placement: description of a new minimally invasive technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E17. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E17. PMID: 18673046.

2542: Park P, Foley KT. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with reduction of spondylolisthesis: technique and outcomes after a minimum of 2 years' follow-up. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E16. PMID: 18673045.

2543: Noggle JC, Sciubba DM, Samdani AF, Anderson DG, Betz RR, Asghar J. Minimally invasive direct repair of lumbar spondylolysis with a pedicle screw and hook construct. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E15. PMID: 18673044.

2544: Parikh K, Tomasino A, Knopman J, Boockvar J, Härtl R. Operative results and learning curve: microscope-assisted tubular microsurgery for 1- and 2-level discectomies and laminectomies. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E14. PMID: 18673043.

2545: Brennan RP, Smucker PY, Horn EM. Minimally invasive image-guided direct repair of bilateral L-5 pars interarticularis defects. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E13. PMID: 18673042.

2546: Harris EB, Massey P, Lawrence J, Rihn J, Vaccaro A, Anderson DG. Percutaneous techniques for minimally invasive posterior lumbar fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E12. PMID: 18673041.

2547: Armin SS, Holly LT, Khoo LT. Minimally invasive decompression for lumbar stenosis and disc herniation. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E11. PMID: 18673040.

2548: Pirris SM, Dhall S, Mummaneni PV, Kanter AS. Minimally invasive approach to extraforaminal disc herniations at the lumbosacral junction using an operating microscope: case series and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E10. PMID: 18673039.

2549: Kanter AS, Mummaneni PV. Minimally invasive spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/8/E1. PMID: 18673038.

2550: Manjila S, Rengachary S, Xavier AR, Parker B, Guthikonda M. Modern psychosurgery before Egas Moniz: a tribute to Gottlieb Burckhardt. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/7/E9. PMID: 18590386.

2551: Elias WJ, Ray DK, Jane JA. Lennart Heimer: concepts of the ventral striatum and extended amygdala. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/7/E8. PMID: 18590385.

2552: Welkenhuysen M, Van Kuyck K, Das J, Sciot R, Nuttin B. Electrical stimulation in the lateral hypothalamus in rats in the activity-based anorexia model. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/7/E7. PMID: 18590384.

2553: Mpakopoulou M, Gatos H, Brotis A, Paterakis KN, Fountas KN. Stereotactic amygdalotomy in the management of severe aggressive behavioral disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/7/E6. PMID: 18590383.

2554: Stelten BM, Noblesse LH, Ackermans L, Temel Y, Visser-Vandewalle V. The neurosurgical treatment of addiction. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/7/E5. PMID: 18590382.

2555: Eljamel MS. Ablative neurosurgery for mental disorders: is there still a role in the 21st century? A personal perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/7/E4. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Apr;44(4):E16. PMID: 18590381.

2556: Hauptman JS, DeSalles AA, Espinoza R, Sedrak M, Ishida W. Potential surgical targets for deep brain stimulation in treatment-resistant depression. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/7/E3. PMID: 18590380.

2557: Abosch A, Cosgrove GR. Biological basis for the surgical treatment of depression. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/7/E2. PMID: 18590379.

2558: Wind JJ, Anderson DE. From prefrontal leukotomy to deep brain stimulation: the historical transformation of psychosurgery and the emergence of neuroethics. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/7/E10. PMID: 18590378.

2559: Elias WJ, Cosgrove GR. Psychosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;25(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/7/E1. PMID: 18590377.

2560: Cavuşoglu H, Kaya RA, Türkmenoglu ON, Colak I, Aydin Y. Brain abscess: analysis of results in a series of 51 patients with a combined surgical and medical approach during an 11-year period. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E9. PMID: 18518754.

2561: Frazier JL, Ahn ES, Jallo GI. Management of brain abscesses in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E8. PMID: 18518753.

2562: Kapsalaki EZ, Gotsis ED, Fountas KN. The role of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in the diagnosis and categorization of cerebral abscesses. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E7. PMID: 18518752.

2563: Sheehan JP, Jane JA, Ray DK, Goodkin HP. Brain abscess in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E6. PMID: 18518751.

2564: Raffel C. Pediatric brain abscesses. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E5. PMID: 18518750.

2565: Hakan T. Management of bacterial brain abscesses. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E4. PMID: 18518749.

2566: Moorthy RK, Rajshekhar V. Management of brain abscess: an overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E3. PMID: 18518748.

2567: Erdoğan E, Cansever T. Pyogenic brain abscess. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E2. PMID: 18518747.

2568: Kothari M, Goel A. Brain abscess: a cogent clarifier of the confused concept of immunity. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E16. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E16. PMID: 18518746.

2569: Izci Y, Tüzün Y, Seçer HI, Gönül E. Cerebral hydatid cysts: technique and pitfalls of surgical management. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E15. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E15. PMID: 18518745.

2570: Niazi T, Quinoñes-Hinojosa A, Schmidt MH. Management of brain abscesses associated with halo fixation. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E14. PMID: 18518744.

2571: Kocherry XG, Hegde T, Sastry KV, Mohanty A. Efficacy of stereotactic aspiration in deep-seated and eloquent-region intracranial pyogenic abscesses. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E13. PMID: 18518743.

2572: Dashti SR, Baharvahdat H, Sauvageau E, Chang SW, Stiefel MF, Park MS, Spetzler RF, Bambakidis NC. Brain abscess formation at the site of intracerebral hemorrhage secondary to central nervous system vasculitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E12. PMID: 18518742.

2573: Noggle JC, Sciubba DM, Nelson C, Garcés-Ambrossi GL, Ahn E, Jallo GI. Supraciliary keyhole craniotomy for brain abscess debridement. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E11. PMID: 18518741.

2574: Dashti SR, Baharvahdat H, Spetzler RF, Sauvageau E, Chang SW, Stiefel MF, Park MS, Bambakidis NC. Operative intracranial infection following craniotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E10. PMID: 18518740.

2575: Winn HR. Brain abscess. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/6/E1. PMID: 18518739.

2576: Romanelli P, Muacevic A, Striano S. Radiosurgery for hypothalamic hamartomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E9. PMID: 18447748.

2577: Ghostine S, Ghostine MS, Johnson WD. Radiation therapy in the treatment of pituitary tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E8. PMID: 18447747.

2578: Umansky F, Shoshan Y, Rosenthal G, Fraifeld S, Spektor S. Radiation- induced meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E7. PMID: 18447746.

2579: Mathiesen T. Radiation-induced meningiomas: the paradox of radiation treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E6; discussion E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E6. PMID: 18447745.

2580: Gopalan R, Dassoulas K, Rainey J, Sherman JH, Sheehan JP. Evaluation of the role of Gamma Knife surgery in the treatment of craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E5. PMID: 18447744.

2581: Lee M, Kalani MY, Cheshier S, Gibbs IC, Adler JR, Chang SD. Radiation therapy and CyberKnife radiosurgery in the management of craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E4. PMID: 18447743.

2582: Pearson BE, Markert JM, Fisher WS, Guthrie BL, Fiveash JB, Palmer CA, Riley K. Hitting a moving target: evolution of a treatment paradigm for atypical meningiomas amid changing diagnostic criteria. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E3. PMID: 18447742.

2583: Johnson WD, Loredo LN, Slater JD. Surgery and radiotherapy: complementary tools in the management of benign intracranial tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E2. PMID: 18447741.

2584: Kondziolka D, Flickinger JC, Lunsford LD. The principles of skull base radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E11. PMID: 18447740.

2585: Heros RC. Effect of modern radiation techniques on the surgery of nonmalignant intracranial tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E10. PMID: 18447739.

2586: Johnson WD. Radiation therapy: current and evolving strategies for nonmalignant intracranial tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/5/E1. PMID: 18447738.

2587: Clelland CD, Barker RA, Watts C. Cell therapy in Huntington disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E8. PMID: 18341412.

2588: Mukhida K, Baghbaderani BA, Hong M, Lewington M, Phillips T, McLeod M, Sen A, Behie LA, Mendez I. Survival, differentiation, and migration of bioreactor- expanded human neural precursor cells in a model of Parkinson disease in rats. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E7. PMID: 18341411.

2589: Lozano AM. Cell-based therapy for Parkinson disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E7; discussion E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E6. PMID: 18341410.

2590: Astradsson A, Cooper O, Vinuela A, Isacson O. Recent advances in cell- based therapy for Parkinson disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E5. PMID: 18341409.

2591: Syed YA, Baer AS, Lubec G, Hoeger H, Widhalm G, Kotter MR. Inhibition of oligodendrocyte precursor cell differentiation by myelin-associated proteins. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E4. PMID: 18341408.

2592: Das S, Bonaguidi M, Muro K, Kessler JA. Generation of embryonic stem cells: limitations of and alternatives to inner cell mass harvest. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E3. PMID: 18341407.

2593: Guillaume DJ, Zhang SC. Human embryonic stem cells: a potential source of transplantable neural progenitor cells. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E2. PMID: 18341406; PMCID: PMC2698133.

2594: Bleau AM, Howard BM, Taylor LA, Gursel D, Greenfield JP, Lim Tung HY, Holland EC, Boockvar JA. New strategy for the analysis of phenotypic marker antigens in brain tumor-derived neurospheres in mice and humans. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E28. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E27. PMID: 18341405.

2595: Jandial R, U H, Levy ML, Snyder EY. Brain tumor stem cells and the tumor microenvironmen. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E27. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E26. PMID: 18341404.

2596: Sanai N, Berger MS. Biology of brain tumor stem cells. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E26; discussion E26. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E25. PMID: 18341403.

2597: Xie Z, Chin LS. Molecular and cell biology of brain tumor stem cells: lessons from neural progenitor/stem cells. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E25. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E24. PMID: 18341402.

2598: Scott CT. Stem cells: new frontiers of ethics, law, and policy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E24. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E23. PMID: 18341401.

2599: Selden NR, Guillaume DJ, Steiner RD, Huhn SL. Cellular therapy for childhood neurodegenerative disease. Part II: clinical trial design and implementation. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E23. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E22. PMID: 18341400.

2600: Guillaume DJ, Huhn SL, Selden NR, Steiner RD. Cellular therapy for childhood neurodegenerative disease. Part I: rationale and preclinical studies. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E22. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E21. PMID: 18341399.

2601: Jandial R, Aryan HE, Park J, Taylor WT, Snyder EY. Stem cell-mediated regeneration of the intervertebral disc: cellular and molecular challenge. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E21. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E20. PMID: 18341398.

2602: Bambakidis NC, Butler J, Horn EM, Wang X, Preul MC, Theodore N, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VK. Stem cell biology and its therapeutic applications in the setting of spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E20. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E19. PMID: 18341397.

2603: Selden NR. Stem cells and central nervous system therapeutics. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E1. PMID: 18341396.

2604: Eftekharpour E, Karimi-Abdolrezaee S, Fehlings MG. Current status of experimental cell replacement approaches to spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E19. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E18. PMID: 18341395.

2605: Harting MT, Baumgartner JE, Worth LL, Ewing-Cobbs L, Gee AP, Day MC, Cox CS Jr. Cell therapies for traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E18. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E17. PMID: 18341394; PMCID: PMC3721356.

2606: Richardson RM, Barbaro NM, Alvarez-Buylla A, Baraban SC. Developing cell transplantation for temporal lobe epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E17. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E16. PMID: 18341393.

2607: Andres RH, Guzman R, Ducray AD, Mordasini P, Gera A, Barth A, Widmer HR, Steinberg GK. Cell replacement therapy for intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E16. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E15. PMID: 18341392.

2608: Guzman R, Choi R, Gera A, De Los Angeles A, Andres RH, Steinberg GK. Intravascular cell replacement therapy for stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E15. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E14. PMID: 18341391.

2609: Kalluri HS, Dempsey RJ. Growth factors, stem cells, and stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E14. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E13. PMID: 18341390.

2610: Kondziolka D, Wechsler L. Stroke repair with cell transplantation: neuronal cells, neuroprogenitor cells, and stem cells. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E13. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E12. PMID: 18341389.

2611: Enns GM, Huhn SL. Central nervous system therapy for lysosomal storage disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E11. PMID: 18341388.

2612: Yu D, Silva GA. Stem cell sources and therapeutic approaches for central nervous system and neural retinal disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E10. PMID: 18341387; PMCID: PMC2647750.

2613: Riley J, Sweeney W, Boulis N. Shifting the balance: cell-based therapeutics as modifiers of the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-specific neuronal microenvironment. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/E9. PMID: 18341386.

2614: Jane JA, Weiss MH. Announcement of new features for Neurosurgical Focus. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(3-4):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/3-4/Ea. PMID: 18341385.

2615: Ashley WW, Amin-Hanjani S, Alaraj A, Shin JH, Charbel FT. Flow-assisted surgical cerebral revascularization. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E20. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E20. PMID: 18336091.

2616: Hoh DJ, Khoueir P, Wang MY. Management of cervical deformity in ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E9. PMID: 18290747.

2617: Sansur CA, Fu KM, Oskouian RJ Jr, Jagannathan J, Kuntz C 4th, Shaffrey CI. Surgical management of global sagittal deformity in ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E8. PMID: 18290746.

2618: Pigge RR, Scheerder FJ, Smit TH, Mullender MG, van Royen BJ. Effectiveness of preoperative planning in the restoration of balance and view in ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E7. PMID: 18290745.

2619: Mundwiler ML, Siddique K, Dym JM, Perri B, Johnson JP, Weisman MH. Complications of the spine in ankylosing spondylitis with a focus on deformity correction. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E6. PMID: 18290744.

2620: Sangala JR, Dakwar E, Uribe J, Vale F. Nonsurgical management of ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E5. PMID: 18290743.

2621: Khalessi AA, Oh BC, Wang MY. Medical management of ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E4. PMID: 18290742.

2622: Shamji MF, Bafaquh M, Tsai E. The pathogenesis of ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E3. PMID: 18290741.

2623: Dakwar E, Reddy J, Vale FL, Uribe JS. A review of the pathogenesis of ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E2. PMID: 18290740.

2624: Jacobs WB, Fehlings MG. Ankylosing spondylitis and spinal cord injury: origin, incidence, management, and avoidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E12. PMID: 18290738.

2625: Kanter AS, Wang MY, Mummaneni PV. A treatment algorithm for the management of cervical spine fractures and deformity in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E11. PMID: 18290737.

2626: Sciubba DM, Nelson C, Hsieh P, Gokaslan ZL, Ondra S, Bydon A. Perioperative challenges in the surgical management of ankylosing spondylitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/1/E10. PMID: 18290736.

2627: Ateş O, Ahmed AS, Niemann D, Başkaya MK. The occipital artery for posterior circulation bypass: microsurgical anatomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E9. PMID: 18275305.

2628: Başkaya MK, Kiehn MW, Ahmed AS, Ateş O, Niemann DB. Alternative vascular graft for extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery: descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E8. PMID: 18275304.

2629: Alaraj A, Ashley WW Jr, Charbel FT, Amin-Hanjani S. The superficial temporal artery trunk as a donor vessel in cerebral revascularization: benefits and pitfalls. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E7. PMID: 18275303.

2630: Heros RC. Excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E6a; discussion E6a. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E6a. PMID: 18275302.

2631: Langer DJ, Van Der Zwan A, Vajkoczy P, Kivipelto L, Van Doormaal TP, Tulleken CA. Excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis. An emerging technology for use in the creation of intracranial-intracranial and extracranial-intracranial cerebral bypass. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E6. PMID: 18275301.

2632: Kocaeli H, Andaluz N, Choutka O, Zuccarello M. Use of radial artery grafts in extracranial-intracranial revascularization procedures. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E5. PMID: 18275300.

2633: Garrett MC, Komotar RJ, Merkow MB, Starke RM, Otten ML, Connolly ES. The extracranial-intracranial bypass trial: implications for future investigations. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E4. PMID: 18275299.

2634: Crowley RW, Medel R, Dumont AS. Evolution of cerebral revascularization techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E3. PMID: 18275298.

2635: Vilela MD, Newell DW. Superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass: past, present, and future. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E2. PMID: 18275297.

2636: Reichman OH, Duckworth EA, Anderson DE, Origitano TC. Thirty-year follow- up after extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E19. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E19. PMID: 18275296.

2637: Curtis JA, Johansen K. Techniques in carotid artery surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E18. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E18. PMID: 18275295.

2638: Smith ER, Scott RM. Progression of disease in unilateral moyamoya syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E17. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E17. PMID: 18275294.

2639: Park TS. Moyamoya disease in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E16a; discussion E16a. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E16b. PMID: 18275293.

2640: Veeravagu A, Guzman R, Patil CG, Hou LC, Lee M, Steinberg GK. Moyamoya disease in pediatric patients: outcomes of neurosurgical interventions. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E16. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E16. PMID: 18275292.

2641: Mesiwala AH, Sviri G, Fatemi N, Britz GW, Newell DW. Long-term outcome of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass for patients with moyamoya disease in the US. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E15. PMID: 18275291.

2642: Brisman JL. Wingspan stenting of symptomatic extracranial vertebral artery stenosis and perioperative evaluation using quantitative magnetic resonance angiography: report of two cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E14. PMID: 18275290.

2643: Başkaya MK, Ahmed AS, Ateş O, Niemann D. Surgical treatment of blood blister-like aneurysms of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery with extracranial-intracranial bypass and trapping. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E13. PMID: 18275289.

2644: Schirmer CM, Hoit DA, Malek AM. Iatrogenic vasospasm in carotid artery stent angioplasty with distal protection devices. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E12. PMID: 18275288.

2645: Bulsara KR, Patel T, Fukushima T. Cerebral bypass surgery for skull base lesions: technical notes incorporating lessons learned over two decades. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E11. PMID: 18275287.

2646: Gonzalez LF, Patterson DL, Lekovic GP, Nakaji P, Spetzler RF. Endoscopic harvesting of the radial artery for neurovascular bypass. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E10. PMID: 18275286.

2647: Newell DW, Britz GW, Brisman J. Cerebral vascularization. Neurosurg Focus. 2008;24(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E1. PMID: 18275285.

2648: Chen TC, Chamberlain MC. Adjuvant therapy for unresectable meningiomas: benign and malignant. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):1. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/EIntro. PMID: 18081514.

2649: Franzin A, Vimercati A, Medone M, Serra C, Marzoli SB, Forti M, Gioia L, Valle M, Picozzi P. Neuroophthalmological evaluation after Gamma Knife surgery for cavernous sinus meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E10. PMID: 18081487.

2650: Patil CG, Veeravagu A, Bower RS, Li G, Chang SD, Lim M, Adler JR Jr. CyberKnife radiosurgical rhizotomy for the treatment of atypical trigeminal nerve pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E9. PMID: 18081486.

2651: Fountas KN, Smith JR, Lee GP, Jenkins PD, Cantrell RR, Sheils WC. Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgical treatment of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia: long-term outcome and complications. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E8. PMID: 18081485.

2652: Jones J, Jang S, Getch CC, Kepka AG, Marymont MH. Advances in the radiosurgical treatment of large inoperable arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E7. PMID: 18081484.

2653: Jayarao M, Chin LS. Robotics and its applications in stereotactic radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E6. PMID: 18081483.

2654: Chen CC, Chapman P, Petit J, Loeffler J. Proton radiosurgery in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E5. PMID: 18081482.

2655: Chen JC, Rahimian J, Girvigian MR, Miller MJ. Contemporary methods of radiosurgery treatment with the Novalis linear accelerator system. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E5. PMID: 18081481.

2656: Friehs GM, Park MC, Goldman MA, Zerris VA, Norén G, Sampath P. Stereotactic radiosurgery for functional disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E3. PMID: 18081480.

2657: Oyesiku NM. Stereotactic radiosurgery for Cushing disease: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E14. PMID: 18081479.

2658: Li G, Chang S, Adler JR Jr, Lim M. Irradiation of glomus jugulare tumors: a historical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E13. PMID: 18081478.

2659: Lekovic GP, Gonzalez LF, Shetter AG, Porter RW, Smith KA, Brachman D, Spetzler RF. Role of Gamma Knife surgery in the management of pineal region tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E12. PMID: 18081477.

2660: Romanelli P, Wowra B, Muacevic A. Multisession CyberKnife radiosurgery for optic nerve sheath meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E11. PMID: 18081476.

2661: Li G, Patil C, Adler JR, Lad SP, Soltys SG, Gibbs IC, Tupper L, Boakye M. CyberKnife rhizotomy for facetogenic back pain: a pilot study. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/12/E2. PMID: 18081475.

2662: Bose S. Neuroimaging in neuroophthalmology. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E9. PMID: 18004971.

2663: Zada G, Solomon TC, Giannotta SL. A review of ocular manifestations in intracranial hypotension. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E8. PMID: 18004970.

2664: Agarwal MR, Yoo JH. Optic nerve sheath fenestration for vision preservation in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E7. PMID: 18004969.

2665: Feldon SE. Visual outcomes comparing surgical techniques for management of severe idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E6. PMID: 18004968.

2666: Schirmer CM, Hedges TR 3rd. Mechanisms of visual loss in papilledema. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E5. PMID: 18004967.

2667: Eddleman CS, Liu JK. Optic nerve sheath meningioma: current diagnosis and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E4. PMID: 18004966.

2668: Shamji MF, Benoit BG. Syndromic and sporadic pediatric optic pathway gliomas: review of clinical and histopathological differences and treatment implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.5.4. PMID: 18004965.

2669: Binning MJ, Liu JK, Kestle JR, Brockmeyer DL, Walker ML. Optic pathway gliomas: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E2. PMID: 18004964.

2670: Baig MN, Lubow M, Immesoete P, Bergese SD, Hamdy EA, Mendel E. Vision loss after spine surgery: review of the literature and recommendations. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/15. PMID: 18004963.

2671: Weber ED, Newman SA. Aberrant regeneration of the oculomotor nerve: implications for neurosurgeons. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E14. PMID: 18004962.

2672: Miller NR. Diagnosis and management of dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E13. PMID: 18004961.

2673: Jones J, Ruge J. Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging in pituitary macroadenoma surgery: an assessment of visual outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E12. PMID: 18004960.

2674: Margalit N, Ezer H, Fliss DM, Naftaliev E, Nossek E, Kesler A. Orbital tumors treated using transcranial approaches: surgical technique and neuroophthalmogical results in 41 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E11. Erratum in: Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Aug;29(2). doi 10.3171/2010.6.FOCUS101254a.. Nosek, Erez [corrected to Nossek, Erez]. PMID: 18004959.

2675: Koerbel A, Ferreira VR, Kiss A. Combined transconjunctival-eyebrow approach providing minimally invasive access to all orbital quadrants. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E10. PMID: 18004958.

2676: Lee AG. Neuroophthalmological management of optic pathway gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/11/E1. PMID: 18004957.

2677: Sanchez GM, Burridge AL. Decision making in head injury management in the Edwin Smith Papyrus. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.5. PMID: 17961064.

2678: Goodrich JT. Cervical spine surgery in the ancient and medieval worlds. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.7. PMID: 17961063.

2679: Tomey MI, Komotar RJ, Mocco J. Herophilus, Erasistratus, Aretaeus, and Galen: ancient roots of the Bell-Magendie Law. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.12. PMID: 17961062.

2680: Pak S, Jallo GI, Biser A, Ziessman HA. Indium-111 diethylene-triamine- pentaacetic acid scintigraphy in the evaluation of function and patency of baclofen intrathecal infusion systems. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E17. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.17. PMID: 17961061.

2681: Kshettry VR, Mindea SA, Batjer HH. The management of cranial injuries in antiquity and beyond. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.8. PMID: 17961060.

2682: Filler AG. Emergence and optimization of upright posture among hominiform hominoids and the evolutionary pathophysiology of back pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.4. PMID: 17961059.

2683: Safavi-Abbasi S, Brasiliense LB, Workman RK, Talley MC, Feiz-Erfan I, Theodore N, Spetzler RF, Preul MC. The fate of medical knowledge and the neurosciences during the time of Genghis Khan and the Mongolian Empire. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.13. PMID: 17961058.

2684: Gupta G, Prestigiacomo CJ. From sealing wax to bone wax: predecessors to Horsley's development. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E16. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.16. PMID: 17961057.

2685: Chang A, Lad EM, Lad SP. Hippocrates' influence on the origins of neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.9. PMID: 17961056.

2686: Baig MN, Chishty F, Immesoete P, Karas CS. The Eastern heart and Galen's ventricle: a historical review of the purpose of the brain. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.3. PMID: 17961055.

2687: Rahimi SY, McDonnell DE, Ahmadian A, Vender JR. Medieval neurosurgery: contributions from the Middle East, Spain, and Persia. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.14. PMID: 17961054.

2688: Dimopoulos VG, Kapsalakis IZ, Fountas KN. Skull morphology and its neurosurgical implications in the Hippocratic era. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.10. PMID: 17961053.

2689: Dolan B. Soul searching: a brief history of the mind/body debate in the neurosciences. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.2. PMID: 17961052.

2690: Filler AG. A historical hypothesis of the first recorded neurosurgical operation: Isis, Osiris, Thoth, and the origin of the djed cross. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.6. PMID: 17961051.

2691: Missios S. Hippocrates, Galen, and the uses of trepanation in the ancient classical world. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.11. PMID: 17961050.

2692: Di Ieva A, Tschabitscher M, Prada F, Gaetani P, Aimar E, Pisano P, Levi D, Nicassio N, Serra S, Tancioni F, Arosio M, Rodriguez y Baena R. The neuroanatomical plates of Guido da Vigevano. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E15. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.1.15. PMID: 17961048.

2693: Gupta V, Samuleson CG, Su S, Chen TC. Nelfinavir potentiation of imatinib cytotoxicity in meningioma cells via survivin inhibition. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E9. PMID: 17961046.

2694: Pfister C, Ritz R, Pfrommer H, Bornemann A, Tatagiba MS, Roser F. Are there attacking points in the eicosanoid cascade for chemotherapeutic options in benign meningiomas? Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E8. PMID: 17961045.

2695: Ragel BT, Jensen RL, Couldwell WT. Inflammatory response and meningioma tumorigenesis and the effect of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E7. PMID: 17961044.

2696: Davidson L, Fishback D, Russin JJ, Weiss MH, Yu C, Pagnini PG, Zelman V, Apuzzo ML, Giannotta SL. Postoperative Gamma Knife surgery for benign meningiomas of the cranial base. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E6. PMID: 17961043.

2697: Elia AE, Shih HA, Loeffler JS. Stereotactic radiation treatment for benign meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E5. PMID: 17961042.

2698: Rogers L, Mehta M. Role of radiation therapy in treating intracranial meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E4. PMID: 17961041.

2699: Commins DL, Atkinson RD, Burnett ME. Review of meningioma histopathology. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E3. PMID: 17961040.

2700: Barnholtz-Sloan JS, Kruchko C. Meningiomas: causes and risk factors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E2. PMID: 17961039.

2701: Setzer M, Vatter H, Marquardt G, Seifert V, Vrionis FD. Management of spinal meningiomas: surgical results and a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E14. PMID: 17961038.

2702: Elder JB, Atkinson R, Zee CS, Chen TC. Primary intraosseous meningioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E13. PMID: 17961037.

2703: Norden AD, Drappatz J, Wen PY. Targeted drug therapy for meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E12. PMID: 17961036.

2704: Newton HB. Hydroxyurea chemotherapy in the treatment of meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E11. PMID: 17961035.

2705: Ragel BT, Couldwell WT, Wurster RD, Jensen RL. Chronic suppressive therapy with calcium channel antagonists for refractory meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E10. PMID: 17961034.

2706: Rockhill J, Mrugala M, Chamberlain MC. Intracranial meningiomas: an overview of diagnosis and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/10/E1. PMID: 17961033.

2707: Liu JK, Fleseriu M, Delashaw JB Jr, Ciric IS, Couldwell WT. Treatment options for Cushing disease after unsuccessful transsphenoidal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.10. PMID: 17961031.

2708: Gross BA, Mindea SA, Pick AJ, Chandler JP, Batjer HH. Diagnostic approach to Cushing disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.2. PMID: 17961030.

2709: Velez DA, Mayberg MR, Ludlam WH. Cyclic Cushing syndrome: definitions and treatment implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E4; discussion E4a. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.5. PMID: 17961029.

2710: Banasiak MJ, Malek AR. Nelson syndrome: comprehensive review of pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.15. PMID: 17961028.

2711: Dehdashti AR, Gentili F. Current state of the art in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of Cushing disease: early experience with a purely endoscopic endonasal technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.11. PMID: 17961027.

2712: Kelly DF. Transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease: a review of success rates, remission predictors, management of failed surgery, and Nelson's Syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.7. PMID: 17961026.

2713: Patil CG, Lad SP, Katznelson L, Laws ER Jr. Brain atrophy and cognitive deficits in Cushing's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.13. PMID: 17961025.

2714: Hornyak M, Weiss MH, Nelson DH, Couldwell WT. Nelson syndrome: historical perspectives and current concepts. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.14. PMID: 17961024.

2715: Gross BA, Mindea SA, Pick AJ, Chandler JP, Batjer HH. Medical management of Cushing disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.12. PMID: 17961023.

2716: Krikorian A, Abdelmannan D, Selman WR, Arafah BM. Cushing disease: use of perioperative serum cortisol measurements in early determination of success following pituitary surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.8. PMID: 17961022.

2717: Lad SP, Patil CG, Laws ER Jr, Katznelson L. The role of inferior petrosal sinus sampling in the diagnostic localization of Cushing's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.3. PMID: 17961020.

2718: Patil CG, Lad SP, Harsh GR, Laws ER Jr, Boakye M. National trends, complications, and outcomes following transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's disease from 1993 to 2002. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.9. PMID: 17961019.

2719: Jagannathan J, Sheehan JP, Jane JA Jr. Evaluation and management of Cushing syndrome in cases of negative sellar magnetic resonance imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.4. PMID: 17961018.

2720: Bui CJ, Tubbs RS, Oakes WJ. Tethered cord syndrome in children: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.2.2. PMID: 17961017.

2721: Finn MA, Walker ML. Spinal lipomas: clinical spectrum, embryology, and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/08/E10. PMID: 17961016.

2722: Steinbok P, MacNeily AE. Section of the terminal filum for occult tethered cord syndrome: toward a scientific answer. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/08/E5. PMID: 17961015.

2723: Tubbs RS, Bui CJ, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ. The horizontal sacrum as an indicator of the tethered spinal cord in spina bifida aperta and occulta. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/08/E2. PMID: 17961014.

2724: Cochrane DD. Cord untethering for lipomyelomeningocele: expectation after surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/08/E9. PMID: 17961013.

2725: Kitchens DM, Herndon CD, Joseph DB. Pediatric urodynamics: basic concepts for the neurosurgeon. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/08/E8. PMID: 17961012.

2726: Yamada S, Won DJ, Pezeshkpour G, Yamada BS, Yamada SM, Siddiqi J, Zouros A, Colohan AR. Pathophysiology of tethered cord syndrome and similar complex disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/08/E6. PMID: 17961011.

2727: Selden NR. Minimal tethered cord syndrome: what's necessary to justify a new surgical indication? Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/08/E1. PMID: 17961010.

2728: Lad SP, Patil CG, Ho C, Edwards MS, Boakye M. Tethered cord syndrome: nationwide inpatient complications and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.23.3.9. PMID: 17961009.

2729: Drake JM. Surgical management of the tethered spinal cord–walking the fine line. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/08/E4. PMID: 17961008.

2730: Blount JP, Tubbs RS, Wellons JC 3rd, Acakpo-Satchivi L, Bauer D, Oakes WJ. Spinal cord transection for definitive untethering of repetitive tethered cord. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/08/E12. PMID: 17961007.

2731: Kesler H, Dias MS, Kalapos P. Termination of the normal conus medullaris in children: a whole-spine magnetic resonance imaging study. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/FOC-07/08/E7. PMID: 17961006.

2732: Chhabra VS, Zhang J, Olson JJ. Association between an arachnoid cyst and intracranial aneurysms misdiagnosed as a cystic tumor with a mural nodule. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;22(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.2.3. PMID: 17628897.

2733: Zada G, Krieger MD, McNatt SA, Bowen I, McComb JG. Pathogenesis and treatment of intracranial arachnoid cysts in pediatric patients younger than 2 years of age. Neurosurg Focus. 2007;22(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.2.1. PMID: 17628896.

2734: Baggenstos MA, Butman JA, Oldfield EH, Lonser RR. Role of edema in peritumoral cyst formation. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.10. PMID: 17613240.

2735: Stummer W. Mechanisms of tumor-related brain edema. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.9. PMID: 17613239.

2736: Mocco J, Prickett CS, Komotar RJ, Connolly ES, Mayer SA. Potential mechanisms and clinical significance of global cerebral edema following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.8. PMID: 17613238.

2737: Thiex R, Tsirka SE. Brain edema after intracerebral hemorrhage: mechanisms, treatment options, management strategies, and operative indications. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.7. PMID: 17613237.

2738: Kawamata T, Mori T, Sato S, Katayama Y. Tissue hyperosmolality and brain edema in cerebral contusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.6. PMID: 17613236.

2739: Rosenberg GA, Yang Y. Vasogenic edema due to tight junction disruption by matrix metalloproteinases in cerebral ischemia. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.5. PMID: 17613235.

2740: Bloch O, Manley GT. The role of aquaporin-4 in cerebral water transport and edema. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.4. PMID: 17613234.

2741: Liang D, Bhatta S, Gerzanich V, Simard JM. Cytotoxic edema: mechanisms of pathological cell swelling. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.3. PMID: 17613233; PMCID: PMC2740913.

2742: Hutchinson P, Timofeev I, Kirkpatrick P. Surgery for brain edema. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.15. PMID: 17613232.

2743: Qin Z, Song S, Xi G, Silbergleit R, Keep RF, Hoff JT, Hua Y. Preconditioning with hyperbaric oxygen attenuates brain edema after experimental intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.14. PMID: 17613231.

2744: Raslan A, Bhardwaj A. Medical management of cerebral edema. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.13. PMID: 17613230.

2745: Kuroiwa T, Miyasaka N, Fengyo Z, Yamada I, Nakane M, Nagaoka T, Tamura A, Ohno K. Experimental ischemic brain edema: morphological and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.12. PMID: 17613229.

2746: Czosnyka M, Smielewski P, Timofeev I, Lavinio A, Guazzo E, Hutchinson P, Pickard JD. Intracranial pressure: more than a number. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.11. PMID: 17613228.

2747: Marmarou A. A review of progress in understanding the pathophysiology and treatment of brain edema. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 May 15;22(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.5.2. PMID: 17613227.

2748: Cherqui A, Kim DH, Kim SH, Park HK, Kline DG. Surgical approaches to paraspinal nerve sheath tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.10. PMID: 17613226.

2749: Harbaugh K, Smith P, Towfighi J. Schwannomatosis in a patient with a pelvic mass: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.9. PMID: 17613225.

2750: Ball JR, Biggs MT. Operative steps in management of benign nerve sheath tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.8. PMID: 17613224.

2751: Singh T, Kliot M. Imaging of peripheral nerve tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.7. PMID: 17613223.

2752: Lwu S, Midha R. Clinical examination of brachial and pelvic plexus tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.6. PMID: 17613222.

2753: Jeyaretna DS, Rabkin SD, Martuza RL. Oncolytic herpes simplex virus therapy for peripheral nerve tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.5. PMID: 17613221.

2754: Riccardi VM. The genetic predisposition to and histogenesis of neurofibromas and neurofibrosarcoma in neurofibromatosis type 1. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.4. PMID: 17613220.

2755: Spinner RJ, Desy NM, Rock MG, Amrami KK. Peroneal intraneural ganglia. Part II. Lessons learned and pitfalls to avoid for successful diagnosis and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E27. PMID: 17613219.

2756: Das S, Ganju A, Tiel RL, Kline DG. Tumors of the brachial plexus. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E26. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.27. PMID: 17613218.

2757: Davis GA. Granular cell tumor: a rare tumor of the ulnar nerve. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E25. PMID: 17613217.

2758: Mindea SA, Kaplan KJ, Howard MA, O'Leary ST. Granular cell tumor involving the axillary nerve: an unusual occurrence. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E24. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.25. PMID: 17613216.

2759: Gruen P, Kline DG. Hypertrophic mononeuropathy. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E23. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.24. PMID: 17613215.

2760: Seinfeld J, Kleinschmidt-DeMasters BK, Tayal S, Lillehei KO. Desmoid-type fibromatosis involving the brachial plexus. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E22. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.23. PMID: 17613214.

2761: Dafford K, Kim D, Nelson A, Kline D. Extraabdominal desmoid tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E21. PMID: 17613213.

2762: Williams Z, Amrami KK, Spinner RJ. Tumoral calcinosis producing peripheral nerve compression: a report of two cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E20. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.21. PMID: 17613212.

2763: Riley J, Spiotta A, Boulis N. Experimental therapeutic approaches to peripheral nerve tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.3. PMID: 17613211.

2764: Kretschmer T, Antoniadis G, Heinen C, Börm W, Scheller C, Richter HP, Koenig RW. Nerve sheath tumor surgery: case-guided discussion of ambiguous findings, appropriateness of removal, repeated surgery, and nerve repairs. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E19. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.20. PMID: 17613210.

2765: Châtillon CE, Guiot MC, Jacques L. Lipomatous, vascular, and chondromatous benign tumors of the peripheral nerves: representative cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E18. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.19. PMID: 17613209.

2766: Spinner RJ, Amrami KK, Angius D, Wang H, Carmichael SW. Peroneal and tibial intraneural ganglia: correlation between intraepineurial compartments observed on magnetic resonance images and the potential importance of these compartments. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E17. PMID: 17613208.

2767: Spinner RJ, Desy NM, Rock MG, Amrami KK. Peroneal intraneural ganglia. Part I. Techniques for successful diagnosis and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E16. PMID: 17613207.

2768: Davis GA, Knight S. Pancoast tumor resection with preservation of brachial plexus and hand function. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E15. PMID: 17613206.

2769: Gachiani J, Kim DH, Nelson A, Kline D. Management of metastatic tumors invading the peripheral nervous system. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E14. PMID: 17613205.

2770: Gachiani J, Kim D, Nelson A, Kline D. Surgical management of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E13. PMID: 17613204.

2771: Gupta G, Maniker A. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.13. PMID: 17613203.

2772: Gazzeri R, Refice GM, Galarza M, Neroni M, Esposito S, Gazzeri G. Knee pain in saphenous nerve schwannoma: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.12. PMID: 17613202.

2773: Dafford K, Kim D, Reid N, Kline D. Pelvic plexus tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E10. PMID: 17613201.

2774: Powers CJ, Friedman AH. A brief history of surgery for peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jun 15;22(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.6.2. PMID: 17613200.

2775: Sciubba DM, Lin LM, Woodworth GF, McGirt MJ, Carson B, Jallo GI. Factors contributing to the medical costs of cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection treatment in pediatric patients with standard shunt components compared with those in patients with antibiotic impregnated components. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.11. PMID: 17613199.

2776: Rekate HL. Treatment of hydrocephalus in adults. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):Editorial. PMID: 17613198.

2777: Upchurch K, Raifu M, Bergsneider M. Endoscope-assisted placement of a multiperforated shunt catheter into the fourth ventricle via a frontal transventricular approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.10. PMID: 17613197.

2778: Ferguson SD, Michael N, Frim DM. Observations regarding failure of cerebrospinal fluid shunts early after implantation. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.8. PMID: 17613196.

2779: Rekate HL. Longstanding overt ventriculomegaly in adults: pitfalls in treatment with endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E6. PMID: 17613195.

2780: Kurtom KH, Magram G. Siphon regulatory devices: their role in the treatment of hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.6. PMID: 17613194.

2781: McAllister JP 2nd, Abdolvahabi RM, Walker ML, Mitchell JA, Jones HC. Effects of congenital hydrocephalus on the hypothalamic gonadotrophin-releasing hormone system. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.5. PMID: 17613193.

2782: Clarke MJ, Meyer FB. The history of mathematical modeling in hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.4. PMID: 17613192.

2783: Czosnyka M, Czosnyka Z, Keong N, Lavinio A, Smielewski P, Momjian S, Schmidt EA, Petrella G, Owler B, Pickard JD. Pulse pressure waveform in hydrocephalus: what it is and what it isn't. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.3. PMID: 17613191.

2784: Fountas KN, Kassam MA, Grigorian AA. A rare, delayed complication of a ventriculogallbladder shunt. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.14. PMID: 17613190.

2785: Mindea SA, Yang BP, Batjer HH. Unruptured arteriovenous malformation in a patient presenting with obstructive hydrocephalus. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.13. PMID: 17613189.

2786: Geocadin RG, Varelas PN, Rigamonti D, Williams MA. Continuous intracranial pressure monitoring via the shunt reservoir to assess suspected shunt malfunction in adults with hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.12. PMID: 17613188.

2787: Marmarou A, Young HF, Aygok GA. Estimated incidence of normal pressure hydrocephalus and shunt outcome in patients residing in assisted-living and extended-care facilities. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Apr 15;22(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.4.2. PMID: 17613187.

2788: Barami K, Grow A, Brem S, Dagnew E, Sloan AE. Vascular complications after radiosurgery for meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.10. PMID: 17608362.

2789: Baisden JM, Benedict SH, Sheng K, Read PW, Larner JM. Helical TomoTherapy in the treatment of central nervous system metastasis. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.9. PMID: 17608361.

2790: D'Ambrosio AL, Agazzi S. Prognosis in patients presenting with brain metastasis from an undiagnosed primary tumor. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.8. PMID: 17608360.

2791: Cavaliere R, Schiff D. Chemotherapy and cerebral metastases: misperception or reality? Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.7. PMID: 17608359.

2792: Smith ML, Lee JY. Stereotactic radiosurgery in the management of brain metastasis. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.6. PMID: 17608358.

2793: Jagannathan J, Sherman JH, Mehta GU, Chin LS. Radiobiology of brain metastasis: applications in stereotactic radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.5. PMID: 17608357.

2794: Dagnew E, Kanski J, McDermott MW, Sneed PK, McPherson C, Breneman JC, Warnick RE. Management of newly diagnosed single brain metastasis using resection and permanent iodine-125 seeds without initial whole-brain radiotherapy: a two institution experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.4. PMID: 17608356.

2795: Ranasinghe MG, Sheehan JM. Surgical management of brain metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.3. PMID: 17608355.

2796: Sanchez CE, Ogilvy CS, Carter BS. Outcomes studies in cerebrovascular neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.13. PMID: 17608354.

2797: Finn M, Klimo P Jr, Couldwell WT. Interpositional dural graft technique for the treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E10; discussion Editorial. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.12. PMID: 17608352.

2798: Santarelli JG, Sarkissian V, Hou LC, Veeravagu A, Tse V. Molecular events of brain metastasis. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.3.2. PMID: 17608351.

2799: Pradilla G, Jallo G. Arachnoid cysts: case series and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Feb 15;22(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.2.7. PMID: 17608350.

2800: Liu JK, Cole CD, Kan P, Schmidt MH. Spinal extradural arachnoid cysts: clinical, radiological, and surgical features. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Feb 15;22(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.2.6. PMID: 17608349.

2801: Kushen MC, Frim D. Placement of subdural electrode grids for seizure focus localization in patients with a large arachnoid cyst. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Feb 15;22(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.2.5. PMID: 17608348.

2802: Basaldella L, Orvieto E, Dei Tos AP, Della Barbera M, Valente M, Longatti P. Causes of arachnoid cyst development and expansion. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Feb 15;22(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.2.4. PMID: 17608347.

2803: Bristol RE, Albuquerque FC, McDougall C, Spetzler RF. Arachnoid cysts: spontaneous resolution distinct from traumatic rupture. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Feb 15;22(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.2.2. PMID: 17608346.

2804: Mandigo CE, Sampath P, Kaiser MG. Posterior dynamic stabilization of the lumbar spine: pedicle based stabilization with the AccuFlex rod system. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.9. PMID: 17608343.

2805: Welch WC, Cheng BC, Awad TE, Davis R, Maxwell JH, Delamarter R, Wingate JK, Sherman J, Macenski MM. Clinical outcomes of the Dynesys dynamic neutralization system: 1-year preliminary results. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Dec 15;22(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.8. PMID: 17608342.

2806: Kim KA, McDonald M, Pik JH, Khoueir P, Wang MY. Dynamic intraspinous spacer technology for posterior stabilization: case-control study on the safety, sagittal angulation, and pain outcome at 1-year follow-up evaluation. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E7. PMID: 17608341.

2807: Taylor J, Pupin P, Delajoux S, Palmer S. Device for intervertebral assisted motion: technique and initial results. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.6. PMID: 17608340.

2808: Lauryssen C. Appropriate selection of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis for interspinous process decompression with the X STOP device. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Dec 15;22(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.5. PMID: 17608339.

2809: Palmer S, Mahar A, Oka R. Biomechanical and radiographic analysis of a novel, minimally invasive, extension-limiting device for the lumbar spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.4. PMID: 17608338.

2810: Khoueir P, Kim KA, Wang MY. Classification of posterior dynamic stabilization devices. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.3. PMID: 17608337.

2811: McDonald M, Cooper R, Wang MY. Use of computed tomography-single-photon emission computed tomography fusion for diagnosing painful facet arthropathy. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.2. PMID: 17608336.

2812: Scott-Young M. Posterior dynamic stabilization devices in the coming age of lumbar disc replacement. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.14. PMID: 17608335.

2813: McAfee P, Khoo LT, Pimenta L, Capuccino A, Sengoz A, Coric D, Hes R, Conix B, Asgarzadie F, Hamzaoglu A, Mirofsky Y, Anekstein Y. Treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis with a total posterior arthroplasty prosthesis: implant description, surgical technique, and a prospective report on 29 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.13. PMID: 17608334.

2814: Yue JJ, Timm JP, Panjabi MM, Jaramillo-de la Torre J. Clinical application of the Panjabi neutral zone hypothesis: the Stabilimax NZ posterior lumbar dynamic stabilization system. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.12. PMID: 17608333.

2815: Highsmith JM, Tumialán LM, Rodts GE Jr. Flexible rods and the case for dynamic stabilization. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.11. PMID: 17608332.

2816: Kim YS, Zhang HY, Moon BJ, Park KW, Ji KY, Lee WC, Oh KS, Ryu GU, Kim DH. Nitinol spring rod dynamic stabilization system and Nitinol memory loops in surgical treatment for lumbar disc disorders: short-term follow up. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E10. PMID: 17608331.

2817: Serhan HA, Varnavas G, Dooris AP, Patwadhan A, Tzermiadianos M. Biomechanics of the posterior lumbar articulating elements. Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Jan 15;22(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2007.22.1.1. PMID: 17608330.

2818: Hardenbrook MA, Lombardo SR. Silicate-substituted calcium phosphate as a bone void filler after kyphoplasty in a young patient with multiple compression fractures due to osteogenesis imperfecta variant: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.11. PMID: 17341053.

2819: Rasche D, Rinaldi PC, Young RF, Tronnier VM. Deep brain stimulation for the treatment of various chronic pain syndromes. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.10. PMID: 17341052.

2820: Osenbach RK. Motor cortex stimulation for intractable pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.12. PMID: 17341051.

2821: Henderson JM, Lad SP. Motor cortex stimulation and neuropathic facial pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.9. PMID: 17341050.

2822: Slavin KV, Colpan ME, Munawar N, Wess C, Nersesyan H. Trigeminal and occipital peripheral nerve stimulation for craniofacial pain: a single- institution experience and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.8. PMID: 17341049.

2823: Haque R, Winfree CJ. Spinal nerve root stimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.7. PMID: 17341048.

2824: Lee AW, Pilitsis JG. Spinal cord stimulation: indications and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.6. PMID: 17341047.

2825: Sagher O, Huang DL. Mechanisms of spinal cord stimulation in ischemia. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.5. PMID: 17341046.

2826: Sengöz A, Taşdemiroğlu E, Togay H. Is clear cell sarcoma a malignant form of psammomatous melanotic schwannoma? Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.3. PMID: 17341045.

2827: Black P. Spinal vascular malformations: an historical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.2. PMID: 17341044.

2828: Toler SM, Noe D, Sharma A. Selective enhancement of cellular oxidative stress by chloroquine: implications for the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.1. PMID: 17341043.

2829: Doleys DM. Psychological factors in spinal cord stimulation therapy: brief review and discussion. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Dec 15;21(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.6.4. PMID: 17341042.

2830: Broaddus WC, Prabhu SS, Gillies GT, Neal J, Conrad WS, Chen ZJ, Fillmore H, Young HF. Distribution and stability of antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotides in rodent brain following direct intraparenchymal controlled- rate infusion. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Nov 15;3(5):Article4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.5.7. PMID: 17206780.

2831: Vogelbaum MA, Tong JX, Higashikubo R, Gutmann DH, Rich KM. Transfection of C6 glioma cells with the bax gene and increased sensitivity to treatment with cytosine arabinoside. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Nov 15;3(5):Article3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.5.6. PMID: 17206779.

2832: Julow J, Lanyi F, Hajda M, Szeifert GT, Balint K, Drasny G, Pasztor E, Fedorcsak I, Borbely K, Nyary I. Treatment of cystic craniopharyngiomas with yttrium-90 colloid solution. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Dec 15;3(6):e6. PMID: 17206778.

2833: Levy ML, Khoo LT, Day JD, Liker M, McComb JG. Optimization of the operative corridor for the resection of craniopharyngiomas in children: the combined frontoorbitozygomatic temporopolar approach. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Dec 15;3(6):e5. PMID: 17206777.

2834: Abe T, Ludecke DK. Recent results of primary transnasal surgery for infradiaphragmatic craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Dec 15;3(6):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.6.7. PMID: 17206776.

2835: Bunin GR, Surawicz TS, Witman PA, Preston-Martin S, Davis F, Bruner JM. The descriptive epidemiology of craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Dec 15;3(6):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.6.4. PMID: 17206775.

2836: Engsberg JR, Olree KS, Ross SA, Park TS. Spasticity and strength changes as a function of selective dorsal rhizotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jan 15;4(1):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.1.10. PMID: 17206774.

2837: Abel MF, Damiano DL, McLaughlin JF, Song KM, Graubert CS, Bjornson KF. Comparison of functional outcomes from orthopedic and neurosurgical interventions in spastic diplegia. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jan 15;4(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.1.6. PMID: 17206773.

2838: Savitz MH, Doughty H, Burns P. Percutaneous lumbar discectomy with a working endoscope and laser assistance. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Feb 15;4(2):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.2.12. PMID: 17206772.

2839: Kambin P, Gennarelli T, Hermantin F. Minimally invasive techniques in spinal surgery: current practice. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Feb 15;4(2):e8. PMID: 17206771.

2840: Jho HD. Endoscopic microscopic transpedicular thoracic discectomy. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Feb 15;4(2):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.2.8. PMID: 17206770.

2841: Johnson JP, Ahn SS, Choi WC, Masciopinto JE, Kim KD, Filler AG, Desalles AA. Thoracoscopic sympathectomy: techniques and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Feb 15;4(2):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.2.7. PMID: 17206769.

2842: Das K, Rawanduzy A, Couldwell WT. Posterolateral approach for decompression with anterior and posterior fusion: a less invasive surgical technique for stabilization of the thoracic spine. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Feb 15;4(2):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.2.6. PMID: 17206768.

2843: Alden TD, Hankins GR, Beres EJ, Kallmes DF, Helm GA. Bone morphogenetic protein gene therapy for the induction of spinal arthrodesis. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Feb 15;4(2):e12. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.6.13. PMID: 17206767.

2844: Chen TC. Recombinant human morphogenetic protein: its future role in spinal fusions. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Feb 15;4(2):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.2.14. PMID: 17206766.

2845: Alden TD, Kaptain GJ, Jane JA Jr, Jane JA Sr. Intraoperative chymopapain in lumbar laminotomy for disc disease: a less invasive technique. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Feb 15;4(2):e10. PMID: 17206765.

2846: Malis LI. Neurofibromatosis type 2 and central neurofibromatosis. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Mar 15;4(3):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.3.2. PMID: 17168509.

2847: Martin C, Alexander E 3rd, Wong T, Schwartz R, Jolesz F, Black PM. Surgical treatment of low-grade gliomas in the intraoperative magnetic resonance imager. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Apr 15;4(4):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.4.11. PMID: 17168508.

2848: Chabrerie A, Ozlen F, Nakajima S, Leventon ME, Atsumi H, Grimson E, Jolesz F, Kikinis R, Black PM. Three-dimensional image reconstruction for low-grade glioma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Apr 15;4(4):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.4.10. PMID: 17168507.

2849: Sherburn EW, Bahn MM, Gokden M, Silbergeld DL, Rich KM. Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor and oligodendroglioma: the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Apr 15;4(4):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.4.9. PMID: 17168506.

2850: Fisher BJ, Bauman GS, Leighton CE, Stitt L, Cairncross JG, Macdonald DR. Low-grade gliomas in children: tumor volume response to radiation. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Apr 15;4(4):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.4.8. PMID: 17168505.

2851: Nikas DC, Bello L, Zamani AA, Black PM. Neurosurgical considerations in supratentorial low-grade gliomas: experience with 175 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Apr 15;4(4):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.1.5. PMID: 17168504.

2852: Moghrabi A, Friedman HS, Ashley DM, Bottom KS, Kerby T, Stewart E, Bruggers C, Provenzale JM, Champagne M, Hershon L, Watral M, Ryan J, Rasheed K, Lovell S, Korones D, Fuchs H, George T, McLendon RE, Friedman AH, Buckley E, Longee DC. Phase II study of carboplatin (CBDCA) in progressive low-grade gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Apr 15;4(4):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.4.6. PMID: 17168503.

2853: Noll E, Black PM. Retention of an appropriate astrocytic response to retinoids by human brain tumors comprised of predominantly glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive cells. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Apr 15;4(4):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.4.5. PMID: 17168502.

2854: Chen TC. Hereditary neurological tumor syndromes: clues to glioma oncogenesis? Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Apr 15;4(4):e1. PMID: 17168501.

2855: Sutter B, Arthur A, Laurent J, Chadduck J, Friehs G, Clarici G, Pendl G. Treatment options and time course for intramedullary spinal cord metastasis. Report of three cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 May 15;4(5):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.6.4. PMID: 17154452.

2856: Brotchi J, Fischer G. Spinal cord ependymomas. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 May 15;4(5):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.5.5. PMID: 17154451.

2857: Kothbauer KF, Deletis V, Epstein FJ. Motor-evoked potential monitoring for intramedullary spinal cord tumor surgery: correlation of clinical and neurophysiological data in a series of 100 consecutive procedures. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 May 15;4(5):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.5.4. PMID: 17154450.

2858: Perry JR. Bias, benefit, or both: evaluating new glioma therapies. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.6.12. PMID: 17154449.

2859: Anderson FA Jr; Glioma Outcomes Project Advisory Board. The Glioma Outcomes Project: a resource for measuring and improving glioma outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.1.9. PMID: 17154448.

2860: Bunston T, Mings D, Laperriere N, Malcolm J, Williams D. The impact of psychosocial need and needs resolution on quality of life in patients with brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.6.10. PMID: 17154447.

2861: Bampoe J, Ritvo P, Bernstein M. Quality of life in patients with brain tumor: what's relevant in our quest for therapeutic efficacy. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.1.7. PMID: 17154446.

2862: Rosenberg J. How well are we doing in caring for the patient with primary malignant brain tumor? Are we measuring the outcomes that truly matter? A commentary. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.6.8. PMID: 17154445.

2863: Glantz MJ, Walters BC. Diagnosis and outcome measures in trials for neoplastic meningitis: a review of the literature and clinical experience. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.6.7. PMID: 17154444.

2864: Chen ZP, Yarosh D, Garcia Y, Tampieri D, Mohr G, Langleben A, Panasci LC. Clinical response of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase levels to 1,3-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea chemotherapy in glioma patients. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.4.4. PMID: 17154443.

2865: Vorster SJ, Barnett GH. A proposed preoperative grading scheme to assess risk for surgical resection of primary and secondary intraaxial supratentorial brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.6.5. PMID: 17154442.

2866: Soults CB, Canute GS, Ryken TC. Evidence-based review of the role of reoperation in the management of malignant glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.6.14. PMID: 17154441.

2867: Low-Grade Glioma Guidelines Team in association with the Guidelines and Outcomes Committee of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Practice parameters in adults with suspected or known supratentorial nonoptic pathway low-grade glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.4.1.11. PMID: 17154440.

2868: Friehs GM, Legat J, Zheng Z, Pendl G, Noren GC. Outcomes in patients treated with gamma knife radiosurgery for brain metastases from malignant melanoma. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jun 15;4(6):e1. PMID: 17154439.

2869: Matsutani M, Ushio Y, Abe H, Yamashita J, Shibui S, Fujimaki T, Takakura K, Nomura K, Tanaka R, Fukui M, Yoshimoto T, Hayakawa T, Nagashima T, Kurisu K, Kayama T; Japanese Pediatric Brain Tumor Study Group. Combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy for central nervous system germ cell tumors: preliminary results of a Phase II study of the Japanese Pediatric Brain Tumor Study Group. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jul 15;5(1):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.1.10. PMID: 17140188.

2870: Kato T, Sawamura Y, Tada M, Murata J, Abe H, Shirato H, Fujieda K. Occult neurohypophyseal germinomas in patients presenting with central diabetes insipidus. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jul 15;5(1):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.1.9. PMID: 17140187.

2871: Murakami M, Kuratsu J, Kochi M, Kunitoku N, Hashiguchi A, Ushio Y. Pineal germinomas with granulomatous inflammation. Report of two cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jul 15;5(1):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.1.8. PMID: 17140186.

2872: Rogers PB, Sims EC, Plowman N. Blood to cerebrospinal fluid human chorionic gonadotropin-beta ratios in intracranial germ cell tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jul 15;5(1):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.1.7. PMID: 17140185.

2873: Huang TY, Kuratsu J, Takeshima H, Nishi T, Ushio Y. Expression of CD44 adhesion molecules in intracranial germinomas. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jul 15;5(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.1.6. PMID: 17140184.

2874: Nishikawa R, Matsutani M. Immunohistochemical analysis of p53 and p21(WAF1/Cip1) expression in primary intracranial germ cell tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Jul 15;5(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.1.5. PMID: 17140183.

2875: Kaptain GJ, Shaffrey CI, Alden TD, Young JN, Whitehill R. The influence of secondary gain on surgical outcome: a comparison between cervical and lumbar discectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Aug 15;5(2):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.2.9. PMID: 17137290.

2876: Gerszten PC. Clinical practice guidelines and their role in quality of care assessments. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Aug 15;5(2):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.2.8. PMID: 17137289.

2877: Nitahara JA, Valencia M, Bronstein MA. Medical case management after laminectomy or craniotomy: do all patients benefit from admission to the intensive care unit? Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Aug 15;5(2):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.2.7. PMID: 17137288.

2878: Roski RA. The Current Procedural Terminology and the Medicare Resource Based Relative Value Scale in neurosurgical practice. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Aug 15;5(2):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.2.6. PMID: 17137287.

2879: Alberstone CD, Benzel EC, Garcia D. Whither neurosurgery? Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Aug 15;5(2):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.2.5. PMID: 17137286.

2880: Tolchin S. Neurosurgical credentials: a history and critique. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Aug 15;5(2):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.2.4. PMID: 17137285.

2881: Gündüz K, Pulido JS, McCannel CA, O'Neill BP. Ocular manifestations and treatment of central nervous system lymphomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.10. PMID: 17134125.

2882: Abla O, Weitzman S. Primary central nervous system lymphoma in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.9. PMID: 17134124.

2883: Da Silva AN, Lopes MB, Schiff D. Rare pathological variants and presentations of primary central nervous system lymphomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.8. PMID: 17134123.

2884: Chamberlain MC. Lymphomatous meningitis in primary central nervous system lymphoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.7. PMID: 17134122.

2885: Iwamoto FM, Abrey LE. Primary dural lymphomas: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.6. PMID: 17134121.

2886: Go JL, Lee SC, Kim PE. Imaging of primary central nervous system lymphoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.5. PMID: 17134120.

2887: Hunt MA, Jahnke K, Murillo TP, Neuwelt EA. Distinguishing primary central nervous system lymphoma from other central nervous system diseases: a neurosurgical perspective on diagnostic dilemmas and approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.4. PMID: 17134119.

2888: Commins DL. Pathology of primary central nervous system lymphoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.3. PMID: 17134118.

2889: Eichler AF, Batchelor TT. Primary central nervous system lymphoma: presentation, diagnosis and staging. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.16. PMID: 17134117.

2890: Wang W, Kardosh A, Su YS, Schonthal AH, Chen TC. Efficacy of celecoxib in the treatment of CNS lymphomas: an in vivo model. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.15. PMID: 17134116.

2891: Elder JB, Chen TC. Surgical interventions for primary central nervous system lymphoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.14. PMID: 17134115.

2892: Omuro AM, Abrey LE. Chemotherapy for primary central nervous system lymphoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.13. PMID: 17134114.

2893: Jahnke K, Doolittle ND, Muldoon LL, Neuwelt EA. Implications of the blood- brain barrier in primary central nervous system lymphoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.12. PMID: 17134113.

2894: Galarza M, Gazzeri R, Elfeky HA, Johnson RR 2nd. Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the dura mater and cranial vault. Case report and literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.11. PMID: 17134112.

2895: Kadoch C, Treseler P, Rubenstein JL. Molecular pathogenesis of primary central nervous system lymphoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Nov 15;21(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.5.2. PMID: 17134111.

2896: Chou D, Sampath P, Brem H. Hemorrhagic vestibular schwannoma: an unusual clinical entity. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Sep 15;5(3):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.5.10. PMID: 17112224.

2897: Chaynes P, Deguine O, Moscovici J, Fraysse B, Becue J, Lazorthes Y. Endoscopic anatomy of the cerebellopontine angle: a study in cadaver brains. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Sep 15;5(3):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.6.9. PMID: 17112223.

2898: Holliday MJ, Sampath P. Decompression of the labyrinthine segment of the facial nerve in acoustic neuroma surgery: a consideration for minimizing postoperative delayed facial nerve dysfunction. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Sep 15;5(3):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.3.8. PMID: 17112222.

2899: Sampath P, Rhines LD, Holliday MJ, Brem H, Long DM. Late-onset facial nerve degeneration after vestibular schwannoma surgery: incidence, putative mechanisms, and prevention. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Sep 15;5(3):e6. PMID: 17112221.

2900: Schwartz MS, Riddle SA, Delashaw JB Jr, Horgan MA, Kellogg JX, McMenomey SO. Quality of life following acoustic neuroma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Sep 15;5(3):e3. PMID: 17112220.

2901: Kondziolka D, Subach BR, Lunsford LD, Bissonette DJ, Flickinger JC. Outcomes after gamma knife radiosurgery in solitary acoustic tumors and neurofibromatosis Type 2. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Sep 15;5(3):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.3.5. PMID: 17112219.

2902: Armonda RA, Thomas JE, Rosenwasser RH. Early and aggressive treatment of medically intractable cerebral vasospasm with pentobarbital coma, cerebral angioplasty and ICP reduction. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Oct 15;5(4):e7. PMID: 17112218.

2903: Coenen VA, Hansen CA, Kassell NF, Polin RS. Endovascular treatment for symptomatic cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage: transluminal balloon angioplasty compared with intraarterial papaverine. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Oct 15;5(4):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.4.9. PMID: 17112217.

2904: Muizelaar JP, Zwienenberg M, Mini NA, Hecht ST. Safety and efficacy of transluminal balloon angioplasty in the prevention of vasospasm in patients with Fisher Grade 3 subarachnoid hemorrhage: a pilot study. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Oct 15;5(4):e5. PMID: 17112216.

2905: Armonda RA, Thomas JE, Rosenwasser RH. Therapeutic options for endovascular therapy for intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Oct 15;5(4):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.4.5. PMID: 17112215.

2906: Fessler RD, Wakhloo AK, Lanzino G, Qureshi AI, Guterman LR, Hopkins LN. Stent placement for vertebral artery occlusive disease: preliminary clinical experience. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Oct 15;5(4):e15. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.4.16. PMID: 17112214.

2907: Benitez RP, Armonda RA, Harrop J, Thomas JE, Rosenwasser RH. Carotid angioplasty and stenting for recurrent and radiation-induced stenosis: preliminary experience. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Oct 15;5(4):e14. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.4.15. PMID: 17112213.

2908: Berg-Dammer E, Henkes H, Weber W, Berlit P, Kuhne D. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of intracranial artery stenosis: clinical results in 24 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Oct 15;5(4):e13. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.4.14. PMID: 17112212.

2909: Kellogg JX, Kuether TA, Horgan MA, Nesbit GM, Barnwell SL. Current concepts on carotid artery-cavernous sinus fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Oct 15;5(4):e12. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.4.13. PMID: 17112211.

2910: Schwartz MS, Scott RM. Moyamoya syndrome associated with cocaine abuse. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Nov 15;5(5):e7. PMID: 17112210.

2911: Nakashima T, Nakayama N, Furuichi M, Kokuzawa J, Murakawa T, Sakai N. Arteriovenous malformation in association with moyamoya disease. Report of two cases. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Nov 15;5(5):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.5.9. PMID: 17112209.

2912: Miyamoto S, Akiyama Y, Nagata I, Karasawa J, Nozaki K, Hashimoto N, Kikuchi H. Long-term outcome after STA-MCA anastomosis for moyamoya disease. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Nov 15;5(5):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.5.8. PMID: 17112208.

2913: Matsushima T, Inoue T, Ikezaki K, Matsukado K, Natori Y, Inamura T, Fukui M. Multiple combined indirect procedure for the surgical treatment of children with moyamoya disease. A comparison with single indirect anastomosis and direct anastomosis. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Nov 15;5(5):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.5.7. PMID: 17112207.

2914: Iwama T, Akiyama Y, Morimoto M, Kojima A, Hayashida K. Comparison of positron emission tomography study results of cerebral hemodynamics in patients with bleeding- and ischemic-type moyamoya disease. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Nov 15;5(5):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.5.6. PMID: 17112206.

2915: Houkin K, Yoshimoto T, Abe H, Nagashima K, Nagashima M, Takeda M, Isu T. Role of basic fibroblast growth factor in the pathogenesis of moyamoya disease. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Nov 15;5(5):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.5.5. PMID: 17112205.

2916: Wetjen NM, Garell PC, Stence NV, Loftus CM. Moyamoya disease in the midwestern United States. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Nov 15;5(5):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.5.4. PMID: 17112204.

2917: Theron J, Guimaraens L, Coskun O, Sola T, Martin JB, Rufenacht DA. Complications of carotid angioplasty and stenting. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Dec 15;5(6):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.6.7. PMID: 17112203.

2918: Lanzino G, Fessler RD, Mericle RA, Wakhloo AK, Guterman LR, Hopkins LN. Angioplasty and stenting for carotid artery stenosis: indications, techniques, results, and complications. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Dec 15;5(6):e3. PMID: 17112202.

2919: Albuquerque FC, Teitelbaum GP, Larsen DW, Giannotta SL. Carotid endarterectomy compared with angioplasty and stenting: the status of the debate. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Dec 15;5(6):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1998.5.6.5. PMID: 17112201.

2920: Brennan JJ, Loftus CM. Carotid endarterectomy: current indications for surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 1998 Dec 15;5(6):e1. PMID: 17112200.

2921: Miele VJ, Bailes JE, Martin NA. Participation in contact or collision sports in athletes with epilepsy, genetic risk factors, structural brain lesions, or history of craniotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E9. PMID: 17112199.

2922: Miele VJ, Norwig JA, Bailes JE. Sideline and ringside evaluation for brain and spinal injuries. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E8. PMID: 17112198.

2923: Villavicencio AT, Burneikiene S, Hernández TD, Thramann J. Back and neck pain in triathletes. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.4.8. PMID: 17112197.

2924: Jagannathan J, Dumont AS, Prevedello DM, Shaffrey CI, Jane JA Jr. Cervical spine injuries in pediatric athletes: mechanisms and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.4.7. PMID: 17112196.

2925: Burnett MG, Sonntag VK. Return to contact sports after spinal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.4.6. PMID: 17112195.

2926: Dunn IF, Proctor MR, Day AL. Lumbar spine injuries in athletes. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E4. PMID: 17112194.

2927: Cantu RC, Aubry M, Dvorak J, Graf-Baumann T, Johnston K, Kelly J, Lovell M, McCrory P, Meeuwisse W, Schamasch P, Kevin M, Bruce SL, Ferrara MS, Kelly JP, McCrea M, Putukian M, McLeod TC. Overview of concussion consensus statements since 2000. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.4.4. PMID: 17112193.

2928: Nugent GR. Reflections on 40 years as a sideline physician. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.4.3. PMID: 17112192.

2929: Barami K, Lewis-Tuffin L, Anastasiadis PZ. The role of cadherins and catenins in gliomagenesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.4.14. PMID: 17112191.

2930: Pellman EJ, Viano DC; National Football League's Committee on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Concussion in professional football: summary of the research conducted by the National Football League's Committee on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.4.13. PMID: 17112190.

2931: Maroon JC, Bost JW, Borden MK, Lorenz KM, Ross NA. Natural antiinflammatory agents for pain relief in athletes. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.4.12. PMID: 17112189.

2932: Miele VJ, Bailes JE, Cantu RC, Rabb CH. Subdural hematomas in boxing: the spectrum of consequences. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E10. PMID: 17112188.

2933: Dunn IF, Dunn G, Day AL. Neurosurgeons and their contributions to modern- day athletics: Richard C. Schneider Memorial Lecture. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Oct 15;21(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.4.2. PMID: 17112187.

2934: Tator CH, Fehlings MG. Review of clinical trials of neuroprotection in acute spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jan 15;6(1):e8. PMID: 17031918.

2935: Tanaka H, Nagata K, Inoue A, Yoshizuka M. The fate of the compressed deformed spinal cord after decompressive surgery: MR imaging and histopathological findings in experimental studies. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jan 15;6(1):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.1.8. PMID: 17031917.

2936: Ng WP, Fehlings MG, Cuddy B, Dickman C, Fazl M, Green B, Hitchon P, Northrup B, Sonntag V, Wagner F, Tator CH. Surgical treatment for acute spinal cord injury study pilot study #2: evaluation of protocol for decompressive surgery within 8 hours of injury. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jan 15;6(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.1.4. PMID: 17031916.

2937: Ganslandt O, Fahlbusch R, Nimsky C, Kober H, Moller M, Steinmeier R, Romstock J, Vieth J. Functional neuronavigation with magnetoencephalography: outcome in 50 patients with lesions around the motor cortex. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Mar 15;6(3):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.3.6. PMID: 17031915.

2938: Caruso G, Germano A, Caffo M, Belvedere M, La Rosa G, De Divitiis O, Tomasello F. Anterior thoracic intradural arachnoid cysts. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 May 15;6(5):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.1.9. PMID: 17031914.

2939: Glasauer FE, Castiglia GJ, Lifeso RM. Coexistence of two different intraspinal tumors. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 May 15;6(5):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.5.10. PMID: 17031913.

2940: Rauzzino MJ, Shaffrey CI, Wagner J, Nockels R, Abel M. Surgical approaches for the management of idiopathic thoracic scoliosis and the indications for combined anterior-posterior technique. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 May 15;6(5):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.5.9. PMID: 17031912.

2941: Mocco J, Zacharia BE, Komotar RJ, Connolly ES Jr. A review of current and future medical therapies for cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.9. PMID: 17029348.

2942: Weyer GW, Nolan CP, Macdonald RL. Evidence-based cerebral vasospasm management. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.8. PMID: 17029347.

2943: Lad SP, Guzman R, Kelly ME, Li G, Lim M, Lovbald K, Steinberg GK. Cerebral perfusion imaging in vasospasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.7. PMID: 17029346.

2944: Moftakhar R, Rowley HA, Turk A, Niemann DB, Kienitz BA, Van Gomple J, Başkaya MK. Utility of computed tomography perfusion in detection of cerebral vasospasm in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.6. PMID: 17029345.

2945: Klimo P Jr, Schmidt RH. Computed tomography grading schemes used to predict cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a historical review. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.5. PMID: 17029344.

2946: Mesis RG, Wang H, Lombard FW, Yates R, Vitek MP, Borel CO, Warner DS, Laskowitz DT. Dissociation between vasospasm and functional improvement in a murine model of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.4. PMID: 17029343.

2947: Khurana VG, Fox DJ, Meissner I, Meyer FB, Spetzler RF. Update on evidence for a genetic predisposition to cerebral vasospasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.3. PMID: 17029342.

2948: Stein SC, Levine JM, Nagpal S, LeRoux PD. Vasospasm as the sole cause of cerebral ischemia: how strong is the evidence? Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.2. PMID: 17029341.

2949: Elsayed AA, Moran CJ, Cross DT 3rd, Derdeyn CP, Pilgram TK, Milburn JM, Dacey RG Jr, Diringer MN Jr. Effect of intraarterial papaverine and/or angioplasty on the cerebral veins in patients with vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage due to ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E16. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.16. PMID: 17029340.

2950: Mazumdar A, Rivet DJ, Derdeyn CP, Cross DT 3rd, Moran CJ. Effect of intraarterial verapamil on the diameter of vasospastic intracranial arteries in patients with cerebral vasospasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.15. PMID: 17029339.

2951: Terry A, Zipfel G, Milner E, Cross DT 3rd, Moran CJ, Diringer MN, Dacey RG Jr, Derdeyn CP. Safety and technical efficacy of over-the-wire balloons for the treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced cerebral vasospasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.14. PMID: 17029338.

2952: Mindea SA, Yang BP, Bendok BR, Miller JW, Batjer HH. Endovascular treatment strategies for cerebral vasospasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.13. PMID: 17029337.

2953: Sayama CM, Liu JK, Couldwell WT. Update on endovascular therapies for cerebral vasospasm induced by aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.12. PMID: 17029336.

2954: Bulsara KR, Coates JR, Agrawal VK, Eifler DM, Wagner-Mann CC, Durham HE, Fine DM, Toft K. Effect of combined simvastatin and cyclosporine compared with simvastatin alone on cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage in a canine model. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.11. PMID: 17029335.

2955: Tseng MY, Czosnyka M, Richards H, Pickard JD, Kirkpatrick PJ. Effects of acute treatment with statins on cerebral autoregulation in patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.10. PMID: 17029334.

2956: Nolan CP, Macdonald RL. Can angiographic vasospasm be used as a surrogate marker in evaluating therapeutic interventions for cerebral vasospasm? Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Sep 15;21(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.3.1. PMID: 17029333.

2957: Ryken T, Julien T, Frankel B, Canute G, Haller J, Rosenbaum A. Image- injected frameless stereotactic approach to the anterior craniovertebral junction. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jun 15;6(6):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.6.12. PMID: 16972752.

2958: Naderi S, Crawford NR, Melton MS, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA. Biomechanical analysis of cranial settling after transoral odontoidectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jun 15;6(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.6.10. PMID: 16972751.

2959: Greenlee J, Garell PC, Stence N, Menezes AH. Comprehensive approach to Chiari malformation in pediatric patients. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jun 15;6(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.6.7. PMID: 16972750.

2960: Taggard DA, Menezes AH, Ryken TC. Instability of the craniovertebral junction and treatment outcomes in patients with Down's syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jun 15;6(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.6.6. PMID: 16972749.

2961: Menezes AH. Pathogenesis, dynamics, and management of os odontoideum. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jun 15;6(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.6.5. PMID: 16972748.

2962: Ryken T, Menezes A. Inflammatory bowel disease and the craniocervical junction. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jun 15;6(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.6.13. PMID: 16972747.

2963: David KM, Thorogood PV, Stevens JM, Crockard HA. The dysmorphic cervical spine in Klippel-Feil syndrome: interpretations from developmental biology. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jun 15;6(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.6.4. PMID: 16972746.

2964: Reinert M, Khaldi A, Zauner A, Doppenberg E, Choi S, Bullock R. High extracellular potassium and its correlates after severe head injury: relationship to high intracranial pressure. Neurosurg Focus. 2000;8(1):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.1.2027. PMID: 16924778.

2965: Winkler PA, Stummer W, Linke R, Krishnan KG, Tatsch K. The influence of cranioplasty on postural blood flow regulation, cerebrovascular reserve capacity, and cerebral glucose metabolism. Neurosurg Focus. 2000;8(1):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.1.1920. PMID: 16924777.

2966: Farace E, Alves WM. Do women fare worse? A metaanalysis of gender differences in outcome after traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2000;8(1):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.1.152. PMID: 16924776.

2967: Wiggins GC, Rauzzino MJ, Shaffrey CI, Nockels RP, Whitehill R, Alden TD, Shaffrey ME, Wagner J. A new technique for the surgical management of unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures: a modification of the anterior approach and an outcome comparison to traditional methods. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jul 15;7(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.1.5. PMID: 16918234.

2968: Do HM, Jensen ME, Marx WF, Kallmes DF. Percutaneous vertebroplasty in vertebral osteonecrosis (Kummell's spondylitis). Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jul 15;7(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.1.4. PMID: 16918233.

2969: Wilson JA, Bowen S, Branch CL Jr, Meredith JW. Review of 31 cases of anterior thoracolumbar fixation with the anterior thoracolumbar locking plate system. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jul 15;7(1):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.1.3. PMID: 16918232.

2970: Raffel C. Molecular biology of the primitive neuroectodermal tumor: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Aug 15;7(2):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.2.4. PMID: 16918231.

2971: Gold DR, Packer RJ, Cohen BH. Treatment strategies for medulloblastoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Aug 15;7(2):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.2.3. PMID: 16918230.

2972: Breeze RE, Wang MC. An overview of central nervous system transplantation in human disease. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Sep 15;7(3):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.3.4. PMID: 16918229.

2973: Park TS, Johnston JM. Surgical techniques of selective dorsal rhizotomy for spastic cerebral palsy. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Aug 15;21(2):e7. PMID: 16918228.

2974: Vender JR, Hughes M, Hughes BD, Hester S, Holsenback S, Rosson B. Intrathecal baclofen therapy and multiple sclerosis: outcomes and patient satisfaction. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Aug 15;21(2):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.2.7. PMID: 16918227.

2975: Hsieh JC, Penn RD. Intrathecal baclofen in the treatment of adult spasticity. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Aug 15;21(2):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.2.6. PMID: 16918226.

2976: Steinbok P. Selection of treatment modalities in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Aug 15;21(2):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.2.5. PMID: 16918225.

2977: Albright AL, Ferson SS. Intrathecal baclofen therapy in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Aug 15;21(2):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.2.4. PMID: 16918224.

2978: O'Brien DF, Park TS. A review of orthopedic surgeries after selective dorsal rhizotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Aug 15;21(2):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.2.3. PMID: 16918223.

2979: Criswell SR, Crowner BE, Racette BA. The use of botulinum toxin therapy for lower-extremity spasticity in children with cerebral palsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Aug 15;21(2):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.2.2. PMID: 16918222.

2980: Chang CC, Kuwana N, Ito S. Management of patients with normal-pressure hydrocephalus by using lumboperitoneal shunt system with the Codman Hakim programmable valve. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Oct 15;7(4):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.4.9. PMID: 16918221.

2981: Carmel PW, Albright AL, Adelson PD, Canady A, Black P, Boydston W, Kneirim D, Kaufman B, Walker M, Luciano M, Pollack IF, Manwaring K, Heilbrun MP, Abbott IR, Rekate H. Incidence and management of subdural hematoma/hygroma with variable- and fixed-pressure differential valves: a randomized, controlled study of programmable compared with conventional valves. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Oct 15;7(4):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.4.2. PMID: 16918220.

2982: Piatt JH Jr. A pitfall in the diagnosis of child abuse: external hydrocephalus, subdural hematoma, and retinal hemorrhages. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Oct 15;7(4):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.4.6. PMID: 16918219.

2983: Teo C, Young R 2nd. Endoscopic management of hydrocephalus secondary to tumors of the posterior third ventricle. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Oct 15;7(4):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.4.4. PMID: 16918218.

2984: McAllister JP 2nd, Wood AS, Johnson MJ, Connelly RW, Skarupa DJ, Secic M, Luciano MG, Harris NG, Jones HC. Decreased c-fos expression in experimental neonatal hydrocephalus: evidence for reduced neuronal activation. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Oct 15;7(4):e13. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.6.14. PMID: 16918217.

2985: Chang CC, Kuwana N, Ito S, Ikegami T. Response of cerebral blood flow and cerebrovascular reactivity to acetazolamide in patients with dementia and idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Oct 15;7(4):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.6.11. PMID: 16918216.

2986: Kamada K, Moller M, Saguer M, Ganslandt O, Kaltenhauser M, Kober H, Vieth J. A combined study of tumor-related brain lesions by using magnetoencephalography and 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Nov 15;7(5):ecp2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.5.11. PMID: 16918215.

2987: Francel PC, Stevens FA, Tompkins P, Pollay M. The importance of shunt valve position in flow characteristics of the Medtronic PS Medical Delta valve. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Nov 15;7(5):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.5.10. PMID: 16918214.

2988: Miyake S, Tamaki N, Nagashima T, Kurata H, Eguchi T, Kimura H. Idiopathic spinal cord herniation. Report of two cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Nov 15;7(5):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.6.7. PMID: 16918213.

2989: Foley KT, Smith MM, Rampersaud YR. Microendoscopic approach to far-lateral lumbar disc herniation. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Nov 15;7(5):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.6.6. PMID: 16918212.

2990: Dickman CA, Mican CA. Multilevel anterior thoracic discectomies and anterior interbody fusion by using a microsurgical thoracoscopic approach. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Nov 15;7(5):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.5.4. PMID: 16918211.

2991: Dickman CA. Thoracoscopic correction and placement of anterior instrumentation for scoliotic deformity. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Nov 15;7(5):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.5.2. PMID: 16918210.

2992: Muhlbauer M, Pfisterer W, Eyb R, Knosp E. Minimally invasive retroperitoneal approach for lumbar corpectomy and reconstruction. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Dec 15;7(6):e4. PMID: 16918209.

2993: Samudrala S, Khoo LT, Rhim SC, Fessler RG. Complications during anterior surgery of the lumbar spine: an anatomically based study and review. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Dec 15;7(6):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.6.10. PMID: 16918208.

2994: McLaughlin MR, Zhang JY, Subach BR, Haid RW Jr, Rodts GE Jr. Laparoscopic anterior lumbar interbody fusion. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Dec 15;7(6):e8. PMID: 16918207.

2995: Rauzzino MJ, Shaffrey CI, Nockels RP, Wiggins GC, Rock J, Wagner J. Anterior lumbar fusion with titanium threaded and mesh interbody cages. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Dec 15;7(6):e7. PMID: 16918206.

2996: Detwiler PW, Porter RW, Crawford NR, Apostolides PJ, Dickman CA. Lumbosacral junction fixation and fusion after complete L-5 spondylectomy. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Dec 15;7(6):e3. PMID: 16918205.

2997: La Rosa G, Germano A, Conti A, Cacciola F, Caruso G, Tomasello F. Posterior fusion and implantation of the SOCON-SRI system in the treatment of adult spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Dec 15;7(6):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.6.5. PMID: 16918204.

2998: Arnold PM, Strang RD, Roussel D. Efficacy of variable-angle screws in transpedicular fixation. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Dec 15;7(6):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.7.6.4. PMID: 16918203.

2999: Moreno JA, Mesalles E, Gener J, Tomasa A, Ley A, Roca J, Fernández- Llamazares J. Evaluating the outcome of severe head injury with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jan 15;8(1):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.1.1702. PMID: 16906703.

3000: Kamano S. Are steroids really ineffective for severely head injured patients? Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jan 15;8(1):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.1.1640. PMID: 16906702.

3001: Kraus JF, Peek-Asa C, McArthur D. The independent effect of gender on outcomes following traumatic brain injury: a preliminary investigation. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jan 15;8(1):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.1.156. PMID: 16906701.

3002: Larson PS, Reisner A, Morassutti DJ, Abdulhadi B, Harpring JE. Traumatic intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jan 15;8(1):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.1.1829. PMID: 16906700.

3003: Kim KA, Wang MY, Griffith PM, Summers S, Levy ML. Analysis of pediatric head injury from falls. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jan 15;8(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.1.154. PMID: 16906699.

3004: Levy ML. Outcome prediction following penetrating craniocerebral injury in a civilian population: aggressive surgical management in patients with admission Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 6 to 15. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jan 15;8(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.1.153. PMID: 16906698.

3005: Aarabi B, Taghipour M, Haghnegahdar A, Farokhi M, Mobley L. Prognostic factors in the occurrence of posttraumatic epilepsy after penetrating head injury suffered during military service. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jan 15;8(1):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.1.155. PMID: 16906697.

3006: Jane JA Sr. Retraction. Neurosurg Focus. 2006;21(1):e17. PMID: 16886289.

3007: Menendez JA, Lilien DL, Nanda A, Polin RS. Use of fluorodeoxyglucose- positron emission tomography for the differentiation of cerebral lesions in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Feb 15;8(2):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.2.3. PMID: 16869549.

3008: Juvela S, Porras M, Poussa K. Natural history of unruptured intracranial aneurysms: probability and risk factors for aneurysm rupture. Neurosurg Focus. 2000;8(5):Preview 1. PMID: 16865812.

3009: Black P. Cerebrospinal fluid leaks following spinal or posterior fossa surgery: use of fat grafts for prevention and repair. Neurosurg Focus. 2000;9(1):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.1.4. PMID: 16865811.

3010: Gruber A, Roessler K, Georgopoulos A, Missbichler A, Bonelli R, Richling B. Evaluation of big endothelin-1 concentrations in serum and ventricular cerebrospinal fluid after early surgical compared with nonsurgical management of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 May 15;8(5):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.5.6. PMID: 16859284.

3011: Choi JM, Kim CD, Hong KW. Expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 linking superoxide to mobilization of granulocytes and macrophages after periarterial blood in rat femoral artery: effect of rebamipide. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 May 15;8(5):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.5.5. PMID: 16859283.

3012: Keller E, Steiner T, Fandino J, Schwab S, Hacke W. Changes in cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism during moderate hypothermia in patients with severe middle cerebral artery infarction. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 May 15;8(5):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.5.4. PMID: 16859282.

3013: Lanzino DJ, Lanzino G. Decompressive craniectomy for space-occupying supratentorial infarction: rationale, indications, and outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 May 15;8(5):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.5.3. PMID: 16859281.

3014: Kindler DD, Lopez GA, Worrall BB, Johnston KC. Update on therapies for acute ischemic stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 May 15;8(5):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.5.2. PMID: 16859280.

3015: Worrall BB, Johnston KC. Antiplatelet agents, carotid endarterectomy, and perioperative complications. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 May 15;8(5):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.5.1. PMID: 16859279.

3016: Datta NN, Chan KY, Kwok JC, Poon CY. Posterior fossa subdural hematoma due to ruptured arteriovenous malformation. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jun 15;8(6):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.6.10. PMID: 16859278.

3017: Harrop JS, Przybylski GJ. Use of an osteoconductive agent (Norian) in anterior surgical management of odontoid fractures. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jun 15;8(6):e8. PMID: 16859277.

3018: Kuntz C 4th, Mirza SK, Jarell AD, Chapman JR, Shaffrey CI, Newell DW. Type II odontoid fractures in the elderly: early failure of nonsurgical treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jun 15;8(6):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.6.8. PMID: 16859276.

3019: Harrop JS, Przybylski GJ, Vaccaro AR, Yalamanchili K. Efficacy of anterior odontoid screw fixation in elderly patients with Type II odontoid fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jun 15;8(6):e6. PMID: 16859275.

3020: Przybylski GJ, Harrop JS, Vaccaro AR. Closed management of displaced Type II odontoid fractures: more frequent respiratory compromise with posteriorly displaced fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jun 15;8(6):e5. PMID: 16859274.

3021: Harrop JS, Sharan AD, Przybylski GJ. Epidemiology of spinal cord injury after acute odontoid fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jun 15;8(6):e4. PMID: 16859273.

3022: Shilpakar S, McLaughlin MR, Haid RW Jr, Rodts GE Jr, Subach BR. Management of acute odontoid fractures: operative techniques and complication avoidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jun 15;8(6):e3. PMID: 16859272.

3023: Julien TD, Frankel B, Traynelis VC, Ryken TC. Evidence-based analysis of odontoid fracture management. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jun 15;8(6):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.6.2. PMID: 16859271.

3024: Ozgen S, Boran BO, Elmaci I, Ture U, Pamir MN. Treatment of the subarachnoid-pleural fistula. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jul 15;9(1):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.1.9. PMID: 16859270.

3025: Schievink WI. Spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jul 15;9(1):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.1.8. PMID: 16859269.

3026: Maher CO, Meyer FB, Mokri B. Surgical treatment of spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jul 15;9(1):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.1.7. PMID: 16859268.

3027: Mokri B. Cerebrospinal fluid volume depletion and its emerging clinical/imaging syndromes. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jul 15;9(1):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.1.6. PMID: 16859267.

3028: Hawk MW, Kim KD. Review of spinal pseudomeningoceles and cerebrospinal fluid fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jul 15;9(1):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.1.5. PMID: 16859266.

3029: Salame K, Segev Y, Fliss DM, Ouaknine GE. Diagnosis and management of posttraumatic oculorrhea. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jul 15;9(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.1.3. PMID: 16859265.

3030: Piek J. Surgical treatment of complex traumatic frontobasal lesions: personal experience in 74 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jul 15;9(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.1.2. PMID: 16859264.

3031: Friedman JA, Ebersold MJ, Quast LM. Persistent posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Jul 15;9(1):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.1.1. PMID: 16859263.

3032: D'Angelo VA, De Bonis C, Amoroso R, Cali A, D'Agruma L, Guarnieri V, Muscarella LA, Zelante L, Bisceglia M, Scarabino T, Catapano D. Supratentorial cerebral cavernous malformations: clinical, surgical, and genetic involvement. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.10. PMID: 16859262.

3033: Paolini S, Morace R, Di Gennaro G, Picardi A, Grammaldo LG, Meldolesi GN, Quarato PP, Raco A, Esposito V. Drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy due to cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.9. PMID: 16859261.

3034: Awad I, Jabbour P. Cerebral cavernous malformations and epilepsy. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.8. PMID: 16859260.

3035: Gonzalez LF, Lekovic GP, Eschbacher J, Coons S, Porter RW, Spetzler RF. Are cavernous sinus hemangiomas and cavernous malformations different entities? Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.7. PMID: 16859259.

3036: Perrini P, Lanzino G. The association of venous developmental anomalies and cavernous malformations: pathophysiological, diagnostic, and surgical considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.6. PMID: 16859258.

3037: Nimjee SM, Powers CJ, Bulsara KR. Review of the literature on de novo formation of cavernous malformations of the central nervous system after radiation therapy . Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.5. PMID: 16859257.

3038: Maiuri F, Cappabianca P, Gangemi M, De Caro Mdel B, Esposito F, Pettinato G, de Divitiis O, Mignogna C, Strazzullo V, de Divitiis E. Clinical progression and familial occurrence of cerebral cavernous angiomas: the role of angiogenic and growth factors. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.4. PMID: 16859256.

3039: Dashti SR, Hoffer A, Hu YC, Selman WR. Molecular genetics of familial cerebral cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.3. PMID: 16859255.

3040: Esposito V, Paolini S, Morace R. Resection of a left insular cavernoma aided by a simple navigational tool. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e16. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.17. PMID: 16859254.

3041: Pozzati E, Zucchelli M, Marliani AF, Riccioli LA. Bleeding of a familial cerebral cavernous malformation after prophylactic anticoagulation therapy. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e15. PMID: 16859253.

3042: Lekovic GP, Gonzalez LF, Khurana VG, Spetzler RF. Intraoperative rupture of brainstem cavernous malformation. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.15. PMID: 16859252.

3043: Longatti P, Fiorindi A, Perin A, Baratto V, Martinuzzi A. Cavernoma of the foramen of Monro. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.14. PMID: 16859251.

3044: Safavi-Abbasi S, Feiz-Erfan I, Spetzler RF, Kim L, Dogan S, Porter RW, Sonntag VK. Hemorrhage of cavernous malformations during pregnancy and in the peripartum period: causal or coincidence? Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.13. PMID: 16859250.

3045: de Oliveira JG, Rassi-Neto A, Ferraz FA, Braga FM. Neurosurgical management of cerebellar cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.12. PMID: 16859249.

3046: Jallo GI, Freed D, Zareck M, Epstein F, Kothbauer KF. Clinical presentation and optimal management for intramedullary cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.11. PMID: 16859248.

3047: Mindea SA, Yang BP, Shenkar R, Bendok B, Batjer HH, Awad IA. Cerebral cavernous malformations: clinical insights from genetic studies. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.21.1.2. PMID: 16859247.

3048: Chang SD, Adler JR Jr. Current treatment of patients with multiple brain metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Aug 15;9(2):e5. PMID: 16836291.

3049: Kondziolka D, Patel A, Lunsford LD, Flickinger JC. Decision making for patients with multiple brain metastases: radiosurgery, radiotherapy, or resection? Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Aug 15;9(2):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.2.5. PMID: 16836290.

3050: Chang SD, Lee E, Sakamoto GT, Brown NP, Adler JR Jr. Stereotactic radiosurgery in patients with multiple brain metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Aug 15;9(2):e3. PMID: 16836289.

3051: Cho KH, Hall WA, Gerbi BJ, Higgins PD. The role of radiosurgery for multiple brain metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Aug 15;9(2):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.2.3. PMID: 16836288.

3052: Littlefield TR, Pomatto JK, Kelly KM. Dynamic orthotic cranioplasty: treatment of the older infant. Report of four cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Sep 15;9(3):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.3.6. PMID: 16833256.

3053: Johns FR, Jane JA Sr, Lin KY. Surgical approach to posterior skull deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Sep 15;9(3):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.3.5. PMID: 16833255.

3054: Jane JA Jr, Lin KY, Jane JA Sr. Sagittal synostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Sep 15;9(3):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.3.4. PMID: 16833254.

3055: Jimenez DF, Barone CM. Endoscopy-assisted wide-vertex craniectomy, “barrel-stave” osteotomies, and postoperative helmet molding therapy in the early management of sagittal suture craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Sep 15;9(3):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.3.3. PMID: 16833253.

3056: Akizuki T, Komuro Y, Ohmori K. Distraction osteogenesis for craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Sep 15;9(3):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.3.2. PMID: 16833252.

3057: Burke TG, Caputy AJ. Treatment of thoracic disc herniation: evolution toward the minimally invasive thoracoscopic technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.9. PMID: 16833251.

3058: Vollmer DG, Simmons NE. Transthoracic approaches to thoracic disc herniations. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.8. PMID: 16833250.

3059: Kim KD, Babbitz JD, Mimbs J. Imaging-guided costotransversectomy for thoracic disc herniation. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.7. PMID: 16833249.

3060: Black P. Laminotomy/medial facet approach in the excision of thoracic disc herniation. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.6. PMID: 16833248.

3061: Jho HD. Endoscopic transpedicular thoracic discectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.5. PMID: 16833247.

3062: Bilsky MH. Transpedicular approach for thoracic disc herniations. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.4. PMID: 16833246.

3063: Kalfas IH. Laminectomy for thoracic spinal canal stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.3. PMID: 16833245.

3064: Bao QB, Yuan HA. Artificial disc technology. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.14. PMID: 16833244.

3065: McCormick WE, Will SF, Benzel EC. Surgery for thoracic disc disease. Complication avoidance: overview and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.13. PMID: 16833243.

3066: Chen TC. Surgical outcome for thoracic disc surgery in the postlaminectomy era. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.12. PMID: 16833242.

3067: Johnson JP, Filler AG, Mc Bride DQ. Endoscopic thoracic discectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e11. PMID: 16833241.

3068: Das K, Rothberg M. Thoracoscopic surgery: historical perspectives. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.10. PMID: 16833240.

3069: McInerney J, Ball PA. The pathophysiology of thoracic disc disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Oct 15;9(4):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.4.2. PMID: 16833239.

3070: Gunnarsson T, Hillman J. Clinical usefulness of bedside intracranial morphological monitoring: mobile computerized tomography in the neurosurgery intensive care unit. Report of three cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Nov 15;9(5):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.5.5. PMID: 16821757.

3071: Friedman JA, Anderson RE, Meyer FB. Techniques of intraoperative cerebral blood flow measurement. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Nov 15;9(5):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.5.4. PMID: 16821756.

3072: Valadka AB, Furuya Y, Hlatky R, Robertson CS. Global and regional techniques for monitoring cerebral oxidative metabolism after severe traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Nov 15;9(5):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.5.3. PMID: 16821755.

3073: Sarrafzadeh AS, Sakowitz OW, Callsen TA, Lanksch WR, Unterberg AW. Bedside microdialysis for early detection of cerebral hypoxia in traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Nov 15;9(5):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.5.2. PMID: 16821754.

3074: Blount JP, Oakes WJ, Tubbs RS, Humphreys RP. History of surgery for cerebrovascular disease in children. Part I. Intracranial arterial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E9. PMID: 16819817.

3075: Upchurch K, Feng L, Duckwiler GR, Frazee JG, Martin NA, Viñuela F. Nongalenic arteriovenous fistulas: history of treatment and technology. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.6.8. PMID: 16819816.

3076: Reis CV, Safavi-Abbasi S, Zabramski JM, Gusmão SN, Spetzler RF, Preul MC. The history of neurosurgical procedures for moyamoya disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.6.7. PMID: 16819815.

3077: Bristol RE, Albuquerque FC, McDougall CG. The evolution of endovascular treatment for intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.6.6. PMID: 16819814.

3078: Rothoerl RD, Brawanski A. The history and present status of deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest in cerebrovascular surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.6.5. PMID: 16819813.

3079: Rahimi SY, Brown JH, Macomson SD, Jensen MA, Alleyne CH Jr. Evolution of the treatment of cerebral vasospasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.6.4. PMID: 16819812.

3080: Polevaya NV, Kalani MY, Steinberg GK, Tse VC. The transition from hunterian ligation to intracranial aneurysm clips: a historical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.6.3. PMID: 16819811.

3081: Zacharia BE, Mocco J, Komotar RJ, Solomon RA, Quest DO. J. Lawrence Pool, M.D.: a pioneer in vascular neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E2. PMID: 16819810.

3082: Blount JP, Oakes WJ, Tubbs RS, Humphreys RP. History of surgery for cerebrovascular disease in children. Part III. Arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E11. PMID: 16819809.

3083: Blount JP, Oakes WJ, Tubbs RS, Humphreys RP. History of surgery for cerebrovascular disease in children. Part II. Vein of Galen malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E10. PMID: 16819808.

3084: Safavi-Abbasi S, Reis C, Talley MC, Theodore N, Nakaji P, Spetzler RF, Preul MC. Rudolf Ludwig Karl Virchow: pathologist, physician, anthropologist, and politician. Implications of his work for the understanding of cerebrovascular pathology and stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jun 15;20(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.6.1. PMID: 16819807.

3085: Rock JP, Haines S, Recht L, Bernstein M, Sawaya R, Mikkelsen T, Loeffler J; Guidelines and Outcomes Committee of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Practice parameters for the management of single brain metastasis. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):ecp2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.12. PMID: 16817694.

3086: Savitz MH, Malis LI. Subgaleal shunting: a 20-year experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.11. PMID: 16817693.

3087: Sloan AE, Dansey R, Zamorano L, Barger G, Hamm C, Diaz F, Baynes R, Wood G. Adoptive immunotherapy in patients with recurrent malignant glioma: preliminary results of using autologous whole-tumor vaccine plus granulocyte- macrophage colony-stimulating factor and adoptive transfer of anti-CD3-activated lymphocytes. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.10. PMID: 16817692.

3088: Liau LM, Black KL, Martin NA, Sykes SN, Bronstein JM, Jouben-Steele L, Mischel PS, Belldegrun A, Cloughesy TF. Treatment of a patient by vaccination with autologous dendritic cells pulsed with allogeneic major histocompatibility complex class I-matched tumor peptides. Case Report. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.9. PMID: 16817691.

3089: Yamanaka R, Zullo SA, Tanaka R, Ramsey J, Blaese M, Xanthopoulos KG. Induction of a therapeutic antitumor immunological response by intratumoral injection of genetically engineered Semliki Forest virus to produce interleukin-12. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.8. PMID: 16817690.

3090: Broder H, Anderson A, Odesa SK, Kremen TJ, Liau LM. Recombinant adenovirus-transduced dendritic cell immunization in a murine model of central nervous system tumor. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.7. PMID: 16817689.

3091: Kim KU, Vallera DA, Ni HT, Cho KH, Low WC, Hall WA. In vitro efficacy of recombinant diphtheria toxin-murine interleukin-4 immunoconjugate on mouse glioblastoma and neuroblastoma cell lines and the additive effect of radiation. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.6. PMID: 16817688.

3092: Lesniak MS, Sampath P, DiMeco F, Viglione MP, Tyler BM, Pardoll DM, Brem H. Comparative analysis of paracrine immunotherapy in experimental brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.5. PMID: 16817687.

3093: Liu Y, Ng K, Lillehei KO. Time course analysis and modulating effects of established brain tumor on active-specific immunotherapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.4. PMID: 16817686.

3094: Glick RP, Lichtor T, Cohen EP. Cytokine immunogene therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.3. PMID: 16817685.

3095: Sehgal A, Berger MS. Basic concepts of immunology and neuroimmunology. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Dec 15;9(6):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.9.6.2. PMID: 16817684.

3096: Elmaci I, Dagcinar A, Ozgen S, Ekinci G, Pamir MN. Diastematomyelia and spinal teratoma in an adult. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jan 15;10(1):ecp2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.1.10. PMID: 16749761.

3097: Angevin PD, McCormick PC. Retropleural thoracotomy. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jan 15;10(1):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.1.9. PMID: 16749760.

3098: Iskandar BJ, Fulmer BB, Hadley MN, Oakes WJ. Congenital tethered spinal cord syndrome in adults. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jan 15;10(1):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.1.8. PMID: 16749759.

3099: Pang D. Ventral tethering in split cord malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jan 15;10(1):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.1.7. PMID: 16749758.

3100: Proctor MR, Scott RM. Long-term outcome for patients with split cord malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jan 15;10(1):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.1.6. PMID: 16749757.

3101: Elton S, Oakes WJ. Dermal sinus tracts of the spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jan 15;10(1):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.1.5. PMID: 16749756.

3102: Blount JP, Elton S. Spinal lipomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jan 15;10(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.1.4. PMID: 16749755.

3103: Rauzzino MJ, Tubbs RS, Alexander E 3rd, Grabb PA, Oakes WJ. Spinal neurenteric cysts and their relation to more common aspects of occult spinal dysraphism. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jan 15;10(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.1.3. PMID: 16749754.

3104: Warder DE. Tethered cord syndrome and occult spinal dysraphism. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jan 15;10(1):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.1.2. PMID: 16749753.

3105: Iacopino DG, Giusa M, Conti A, Cardali S, Tomasello F. Intraoperative microvascular Doppler monitoring of blood flow within a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula: a precious surgical tool. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Feb 15;10(2):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.2.6. PMID: 16749752.

3106: Kaibara T, Hurlbert RJ, Sutherland GR. Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging-augmented transoral resection of axial disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Feb 15;10(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.2.5. PMID: 16749751.

3107: Tronnier VM, Bonsanto MM, Staubert A, Knauth M, Kunze S, Wirtz CR. Comparison of intraoperative MR imaging and 3D-navigated ultrasonography in the detection and resection control of lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Feb 15;10(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.2.4. PMID: 16749750.

3108: Kim KD, Johnson JP, Babbitz JD. Image-guided thoracic pedicle screw placement: a technical study in cadavers and preliminary clinical experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Feb 15;10(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.2.3. PMID: 16749749.

3109: Maher CO, Garrity JA, Meyer FB. Refractory idiopathic intracranial hypertension treated with stereotactically planned ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Feb 15;10(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.2.2. PMID: 16749748.

3110: Tamaki N, Nagashima T, Ehara K, Motooka Y, Barua KK. Surgical approaches and strategies for skull base chordomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.10. PMID: 16734412.

3111: Harsh G, Ojemann R, Varvares M, Swearingen B, Cheney M, Joseph M. Pedicled rhinotomy for clival chordomas invaginating the brainstem. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.9. PMID: 16734411.

3112: Arnautović KI, Al-Mefty O. Surgical seeding of chordomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E7. PMID: 16734410.

3113: Sawyer JR, Husain M, Al-Mefty O. Identification of isochromosome 1q as a recurring chromosome aberration in skull base chordomas: a new marker for aggressive tumors? Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.7. PMID: 16734409.

3114: Chang SD, Martin DP, Lee E, Adler JR Jr. Stereotactic radiosurgery and hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for residual or recurrent cranial base and cervical chordomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.6. PMID: 16734408.

3115: Carpentier A, Blanquet A, George B. Suboccipital and cervical chordomas: radical resection with vertebral artery control. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.5. PMID: 16734407.

3116: Sen C, Triana A. Cranial chordomas: results of radical excision. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.4. PMID: 16734406.

3117: Sekhar LN, Pranatartiharan R, Chanda A, Wright DC. Chordomas and chondrosarcomas of the skull base: results and complications of surgical management. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.3. PMID: 16734405.

3118: Lanzino G, Dumont AS, Lopes MB, Laws ER Jr. Skull base chordomas: overview of disease, management options, and outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.13. PMID: 16734404.

3119: Hug EB. Review of skull base chordomas: prognostic factors and long-term results of proton-beam radiotherapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.12. PMID: 16734403.

3120: DeMonte F, Diaz E Jr, Callender D, Suk I. Transmandibular, circumglossal, retropharyngeal approach for chordomas of the clivus and upper cervical spine. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.11. PMID: 16734402.

3121: Colli BO, Al-Mefty O. Chordomas of the skull base: follow-up review and prognostic factors. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Mar 15;10(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.3.2. PMID: 16734401.

3122: La Rosa G, Cacciola F, Conti A, Cardali S, La Torre D, Gambadauro NM, Tomasello F. Posterior fusion compared with posterior interbody fusion in segmental spinal fixation for adult spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.4.10. PMID: 16732636.

3123: Bruneau M, Nisolle JF, Gilliard C, Gustin T. Anterior cervical interbody fusion with hydroxyapatite graft and plate system. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.4.9. PMID: 16732635.

3124: Liu JK, Das K. Posterior fusion of the subaxial cervical spine: indications and techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.4.8. PMID: 16732634.

3125: Mizuno J, Nakagawa H. Outcome analysis of anterior decompressive surgery and fusion for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: report of 107 cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.4.7. PMID: 16732633.

3126: Helm GA, Dayoub H, Jane JA Jr. Gene-based therapies for the induction of spinal fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E5. PMID: 16732632.

3127: Helm GA, Dayoub H, Jane JA Jr. Bone graft substitutes for the promotion of spinal arthrodesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E4. PMID: 16732631.

3128: Subach BR, Haid RW, Rodts GE, Kaiser MG. Bone morphogenetic protein in spinal fusion: overview and clinical update. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.4.4. PMID: 16732630.

3129: Kowalski RJ, Ferrara LA, Benzel EC. Biomechanics of bone fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.4.3. PMID: 16732629.

3130: Watts NB. Osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.4.13. PMID: 16732628.

3131: Burkus JK, Foley K, Haid RW, LeHuec JC. Surgical Interbody Research Group –radiographic assessment of interbody fusion devices: fusion criteria for anterior lumbar interbody surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.4.12. PMID: 16732627.

3132: Foley KT, Gupta SK, Justis JR, Sherman MC. Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation of the lumbar spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.4.11. PMID: 16732626.

3133: Kalfas IH. Principles of bone healing. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Apr 15;10(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.4.2. PMID: 16732625.

3134: Dumont AS, Boulos PT, Jane JA Jr, Ellegala DB, Newman SA, Jane JA Sr. Cranioorbital fibrous dysplasia: with emphasis on visual impairment and current surgical management. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 May 15;10(5):E6. PMID: 16724829.

3135: Boulos PT, Dumont AS, Mandell JW, Jane JA Sr. Meningiomas of the orbit: contemporary considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 May 15;10(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.5.6. PMID: 16724828.

3136: DeMonte F, Tabrizi P, Culpepper SA, Abi-Said D, Soparkar CN, Patrinely JR. Ophthalmological outcome following orbital resection in anterior and anterolateral skull base surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 May 15;10(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.5.5. PMID: 16724827.

3137: Cockerham KP, Bejjani GK, Kennerdell JS, Maroon JC. Surgery for orbital tumors. Part II: transorbital approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 May 15;10(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.5.4. PMID: 16724826.

3138: Bejjani GK, Cockerham KP, Kennerdel JS, Maroon JC. A reappraisal of surgery for orbital tumors. Part I: extraorbital approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 May 15;10(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.5.3. PMID: 16724825.

3139: Darsaut TE, Lanzino G, Lopes MB, Newman S. An introductory overview of orbital tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 May 15;10(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.5.2. PMID: 16724824.

3140: Hanbali F, Fuller GN, Leeds NE, Sawaya R. Choroid plexus cyst and chordoid glioma. Report of two cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jun 15;10(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.6.6. PMID: 16724823.

3141: Suh DY, Mapstone T. Pediatric supratentorial intraventricular tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jun 15;10(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.6.5. PMID: 16724822.

3142: Kasowski H, Piepmeier JM. Transcallosal approach for tumors of the lateral and third ventricles. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jun 15;10(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.6.4. PMID: 16724821.

3143: Ellenbogen RG. Transcortical surgery for lateral ventricular tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jun 15;10(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.6.3. PMID: 16724820.

3144: Curry WT Jr, Cosgrove GR, Buchbinder BR, Ojemann RG. Resection of a dominant-hemisphere intraventricular meningioma facilitated by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jun 15;10(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.10.6.2. PMID: 16724819.

3145: Erman T, Tuna M, Göçer I, Ildan F, Zeren M, Cetinalp E. Intracranial intraosseous hydatid cyst. Case report and review of literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jul 15;11(1):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.1.9. PMID: 16724818.

3146: Hida K, Iwasaki Y. Syringosubarachnoid shunt for syringomyelia associated with Chiari I malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jul 15;11(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.1.8. PMID: 16724817.

3147: Alperin N, Kulkarni K, Loth F, Roitberg B, Foroohar M, Mafee MF, Lichtor T. Analysis of magnetic resonance imaging-based blood and cerebrospinal fluid flow measurements in patients with Chiari I malformation: a system approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jul 15;11(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.1.7. PMID: 16724816.

3148: Menick BJ. Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging of cerebrospinal fluid flow in the evaluation of patients with Chiari I malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jul 15;11(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.1.6. PMID: 16724815.

3149: Pandey A, Robinson S, Cohen AR. Cerebellar fits in children with Chiari I malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jul 15;11(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.1.5. PMID: 16724814.

3150: Alzate JC, Kothbauer KF, Jallo GI, Epstein FJ. Treatment of Chiari I malformation in patients with and without syringomyelia: a consecutive series of 66 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jul 15;11(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.1.4. PMID: 16724813.

3151: Alden TD, Ojemann JG, Park TS. Surgical treatment of Chiari I malformation: indications and approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jul 15;11(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.1.3. PMID: 16724812.

3152: Bejjani GK. Definition of the adult Chiari malformation: a brief historical overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jul 15;11(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.1.2. PMID: 16724811.

3153: Sheehan J, Eischeid A, Saunders R, Pouratian N. Potentiation of neurite outgrowth and reduction of apoptosis by immunosuppressive agents: implications for neuronal injury and transplantation. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 May 15;20(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.5.10. PMID: 16711666.

3154: Senatus PB, Teeple D, McClelland S 3rd, Pullman SL, Yu Q, Ford B, McKhann GM 2nd, Goodman RR. A technique for minimally altering anatomically based subthalamic electrode targeting by microelectrode recording. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 May 15;20(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.5.9. PMID: 16711665.

3155: Zozulya YP, Slin'ko EI, Al-Qashqish II. Spinal arteriovenous malformations: new classification and surgical treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 May 15;20(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.5.8. PMID: 16711664.

3156: Bakay RA. Limits of brain-computer interface. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 May 15;20(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.5.7. PMID: 16711663.

3157: Sclabassi RJ, Liu Q, Hackworth SA, Justin GA, Sun M. Platform technologies to support brain-computer interfaces. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 May 15;20(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.5.6. PMID: 16711662.

3158: House PA, MacDonald JD, Tresco PA, Normann RA. Acute microelectrode array implantation into human neocortex: preliminary technique and histological considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 May 15;20(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.5.5. PMID: 16711661.

3159: Matsuoka Y, Afshar P, Oh M. On the design of robotic hands for brain- machine interface. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 May 15;20(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.5.4. PMID: 16711660.

3160: Loeb GE, Richmond FJ, Baker LL. The BION devices: injectable interfaces with peripheral nerves and muscles. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 May 15;20(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.5.3. PMID: 16711659.

3161: Machinis TG, Fountas KN. Olivecrona on the development of neurosurgery in the middle of the twentieth century: reflections with the wisdom of today. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 May 15;20(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.5.11. PMID: 16711658.

3162: Slevin JT, Gash DM, Smith CD, Gerhardt GA, Kryscio R, Chebrolu H, Walton A, Wagner R, Young AB. Unilateral intraputaminal glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor in patients with Parkinson disease: response to 1 year each of treatment and withdrawal. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 May 15;20(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.5.2. PMID: 16711657.

3163: Rainov NG, Söling A, Heidecke V. Novel therapies for malignant gliomas: a local affair? Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E9. PMID: 16709040.

3164: Jagannathan J, Prevedello DM, Dumont AS, Laws ER. Cellular signaling molecules as therapeutic targets in glioblastoma multiforme. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.5. PMID: 16709039.

3165: Lefranc F, Kiss R. Autophagy, the Trojan horse to combat glioblastomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.4. PMID: 16709038.

3166: Dehdashti AR, Hegi ME, Regli L, Pica A, Stupp R. New trends in the medical management of glioblastoma multiforme: the role of temozolomide chemotherapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.3. PMID: 16709037.

3167: Hou LC, Veeravagu A, Hsu AR, Tse VC. Recurrent glioblastoma multiforme: a review of natural history and management options. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.2. PMID: 16709036.

3168: Chang SM, Butowski NA, Sneed PK, Garner IV. Standard treatment and experimental targeted drug therapy for recurrent glioblastoma multiforme. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E4. PMID: 16709035.

3169: Ashby LS, Ryken TC. Management of malignant glioma: steady progress with multimodal approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E3. PMID: 16709034.

3170: Tunici P, Irvin D, Liu G, Yuan X, Zhaohui Z, Ng H, Yu JS. Brain tumor stem cells: new targets for clinical treatments? Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E27. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.17. PMID: 16709033.

3171: Gupta V, Wang W, Sosnowski BA, Hofman FM, Chen TC. Fibroblast growth factor-2-retargeted adenoviral vector for selective transduction of primary glioblastoma multiforme endothelial cells. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E26. PMID: 16709032.

3172: Wang W, Tai CK, Kershaw AD, Solly SK, Klatzmann D, Kasahara N, Chen TC. Use of replication-competent retroviral vectors in an immunocompetent intracranial glioma model. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E25. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.1. PMID: 16709031.

3173: Jensen RL. Hypoxia in the tumorigenesis of gliomas and as a potential target for therapeutic measures. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E24. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.16. PMID: 16709030.

3174: Hall WA, Vallera DA. Efficacy of antiangiogenic targeted toxins against glioblastoma multiforme. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E23. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.15. PMID: 16709029.

3175: Charalambous C, Chen TC, Hofman FM. Characteristics of tumor-associated endothelial cells derived from glioblastoma multiforme. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E22. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.e22. PMID: 16709028.

3176: Schönthal AH. Antitumor properties of dimethyl-celecoxib, a derivative of celecoxib that does not inhibit cyclooxygenase-2: implications for glioma therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E21. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.14. PMID: 16709027.

3177: Gupta V, Su YS, Wang W, Kardosh A, Liebes LF, Hofman FM, Schönthal AH, Chen TC. Enhancement of glioblastoma cell killing by combination treatment with temozolomide and tamoxifen or hypericin. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E20. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.13. PMID: 16709026.

3178: Chamberlain MC. Treatment options for glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E19. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.12. PMID: 16709025.

3179: Sonabend AM, Ulasov IV, Han Y, Lesniak MS. Oncolytic adenoviral therapy for glioblastoma multiforme. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E19. PMID: 16709024.

3180: Aghi M, Chiocca EA. Gene therapy for glioblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E18. PMID: 16709023.

3181: Crowley RW, Pouratian N, Sheehan JP. Gamma knife surgery for glioblastoma multiforme. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E17. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.11. PMID: 16709022.

3182: Litofsky NS, Bauer AM, Kasper RS, Sullivan CM, Dabbous OH; Glioma Outcomes Project Investigators. Image-guided resection of high-grade glioma: patient selection factors and outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E16. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.10. PMID: 16709021.

3183: Kunwar S, Chang SM, Prados MD, Berger MS, Sampson JH, Croteau D, Sherman JW, Grahn AY, Shu VS, Dul JL, Husain SR, Joshi BH, Pedain C, Puri RK. Safety of intraparenchymal convection-enhanced delivery of cintredekin besudotox in early- phase studies. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E15. PMID: 16709020.

3184: Sampson JH, Akabani G, Friedman AH, Bigner D, Kunwar S, Berger MS, Bankiewicz KS. Comparison of intratumoral bolus injection and convection- enhanced delivery of radiolabeled antitenascin monoclonal antibodies. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.9. PMID: 16709019.

3185: Vandergrift WA, Patel SJ, Nicholas JS, Varma AK. Convection-enhanced delivery of immunotoxins and radioisotopes for treatment of malignant gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.8. PMID: 16709018.

3186: Raghavan R, Brady ML, Rodríguez-Ponce MI, Hartlep A, Pedain C, Sampson JH. Convection-enhanced delivery of therapeutics for brain disease, and its optimization. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.7. PMID: 16709017.

3187: Shimamura T, Husain SR, Puri RK. The IL-4 and IL-13 pseudomonas exotoxins: new hope for brain tumor therapy. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.6. PMID: 16709016.

3188: Hall WA, Sherr GT. Convection-enhanced delivery: targeted toxin treatment of malignant glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E10. PMID: 16709015.

3189: Deorah S, Lynch CF, Sibenaller ZA, Ryken TC. Trends in brain cancer incidence and survival in the United States: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, 1973 to 2001. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Apr 15;20(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.4.E1. PMID: 16709014.

3190: Teo C. Complete endoscopic removal of colloid cysts: issues of safety and efficacy. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.4.12. PMID: 16681363.

3191: Bergsneider M. Endoscopic removal of cysticercal cysts within the fourth ventricle: technique and results. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e8. PMID: 16681362.

3192: Bergsneider M, Holly LT, Lee JH, King WA, Frazee JG. Endoscopic management of cysticercal cysts within the lateral and third ventricles. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e7. PMID: 16681361.

3193: Gangemi M, Maiuri F, Colella G, Sardo L. Endoscopic surgery for intracranial cerebrospinal fluid cyst malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e6. PMID: 16681360.

3194: Gaab MR, Schroeder HW. Neuroendoscopic approach to intraventricular lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e5. PMID: 16681359.

3195: Schroeder HW, Warzok RW, Assaf JA, Gaab MR. Fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage after endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e4. PMID: 16681358.

3196: Cinalli G, Sainte-Rose C, Chumas P, Zerah M, Brunelle F, Lot G, Pierre- Kahn A, Renier D. Failure of third ventriculostomy in the treatment of aqueductal stenosis in children. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.4.6. PMID: 16681357.

3197: Buxton N. Neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e2. PMID: 16681356.

3198: Goksu N, Bayazit Y, Kemaloglu Y. Endoscopy of the posterior fossa and endoscopic dissection of acoustic neuroma. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e15. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.4.16. PMID: 16681355.

3199: Oka K, Kin Y, Go Y, Hirakawa K, Tomonaga M, Inoue T, Yoshioka S. Neuroendoscopic approach to tectal tumors: a consecutive series. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e14. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.4.15. PMID: 16681354.

3200: Vloeberghs M, Cartmill M. Improved safety of neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy by using an operative Doppler ultrasound probe. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e13. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.4.16. PMID: 16681353.

3201: Chen JC, Levy ML, Corber Z, Assifi MM. Concurrent three dimensional neuroendoscopy: initial descriptions of application to clinical practice. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e12. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.4.15. PMID: 16681352.

3202: Levy ML, Chen JC, Amar AP, Yamada S, Togo K, Iizuka Y, Assifi MM. Virtual endoscopic environments in modern neurosurgical practice. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.6.12. PMID: 16681351.

3203: Seki Y, Umezu H, Usui M, Tsumanuma T, Nakatate KI. “Picture-in-picture” endoscopic images in the microscope. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.4.13. PMID: 16681350.

3204: Friedlich DL, Feustel PJ, Popp AJ. Intracranial endoscopy. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15;6(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1999.6.4.1. PMID: 16681349.

3205: Erkan K, Unal F, Kiris T, Karalar T. Treatment of terminal syringomyelia in association with tethered cord syndrome: clinical outcomes with and without syrinx drainage. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.9. PMID: 16676932.

3206: Holly LT, Johnson JP, Masciopinto JE, Batzdorf U. Treatment of posttraumatic syringomyelia with extradural decompressive surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.8. PMID: 16676931.

3207: Batzdorf U. Primary spinal syringomyelia: a personal perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.7. PMID: 16676930.

3208: Ellenbogen RG, Armonda RA, Shaw DW, Winn HR. Toward a rational treatment of Chiari I malformation and syringomyelia. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.6. PMID: 16676929.

3209: Fischbein NJ, Dillon WP, Cobbs C, Weinstein PR. The “presyrinx” state: is there a reversible myelopathic condition that may precede syringomyelia? Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.4. PMID: 16676927.

3210: Pinna G, Alessandrini F, Alfieri A, Rossi M, Bricolo A. Cerebrospinal fluid flow dynamics study in Chiari I malformation: implications for syrinx formation. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.3. PMID: 16676926.

3211: Stoodley MA, Jones NR, Yang L, Brown CJ. Mechanisms underlying the formation and enlargement of noncommunicating syringomyelia: experimental studies. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.2. PMID: 16676925.

3212: Speer MC, George TM, Enterline DS, Franklin A, Wolpert CM, Milhorat TH. A genetic hypothesis for Chiari I malformation with or without syringomyelia. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.12. PMID: 16676924.

3213: Todor DR, Mu HT, Milhorat TH. Pain and syringomyelia: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.11. PMID: 16676923.

3214: Gezen F, Kahraman S, Ziyal IM, Canakçi Z, Bakir A. Application of syringosubarachnoid shunt through key-hole laminectomy. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.10. PMID: 16676922.

3215: Milhorat TH. Classification of syringomyelia. Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2000.8.3.1. PMID: 16676921.

3216: Hornyak M, Rovit RL, Simon AS, Couldwell WT. Irving S. Cooper and the early surgical management of movement disorders. Video history. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Aug 15;11(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.2.7. PMID: 16602679.

3217: Sarrafzadeh AS, Sarafian N, von Gladiss A, Unterberg AW, Lanksch WR. Ibn Sina (Avicenna). Historical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Aug 15;11(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.2.6. PMID: 16602678.

3218: Louw DF, Asfora WT, Sutherland GR. A brief history of aneurysm clips. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Aug 15;11(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.2.5. PMID: 16602677.

3219: Stein SC. Brief history of surgical timing: surgery for ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Aug 15;11(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.2.4. PMID: 16602676.

3220: Johnston I. The historical development of the pseudotumor concept. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Aug 15;11(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.2.3. PMID: 16602675.

3221: Lifshutz JI, Johnson WD. History of hydrocephalus and its treatments. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Aug 15;11(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.2.2. PMID: 16602674.

3222: Bhatoe HS, Singh P, Dutta V. Intraventricular meningiomas: a clinicopathological study and review. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.3.10. PMID: 16599425.

3223: Houten JK, Post NH, Dryer JW, Errico TJ. Clinical and radiographically/neuroimaging documented outcome in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.3.9. PMID: 16599424.

3224: Beringer WF, Mobasser JP, Karahalios D, Potts EA. Anterior transvertebral interbody cage with posterior transdiscal pedicle screw instrumentation for high-grade spondylolisthesis. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E7. PMID: 16599423.

3225: Holly LT, Schwender JD, Rouben DP, Foley KT. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: indications, technique, and complications. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.3.7. PMID: 16599422.

3226: Tuttle J, Shakir A, Choudhri HF. Paramedian approach for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with unilateral pedicle screw fixation. Technical note and preliminary report on 47 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.3.6. PMID: 16599421.

3227: Beringer WF, Mobasser JP. Unilateral pedicle screw instrumentation for minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E4. PMID: 16599420.

3228: Powers CJ, Podichetty VK, Isaacs RE. Placement of percutaneous pedicle screws without imaging guidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.3.4. PMID: 16599419.

3229: Sehati N, Khoo LT, Holly LT. Treatment of lumbar synovial cysts using minimally invasive surgical techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.3.3. PMID: 16599418.

3230: Couldwell WT, Kan P, Weiss MH. Simple closure following transsphenoidal surgery. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.3.12. PMID: 16599417.

3231: Deutsch H, Musacchio MJ Jr. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with unilateral pedicle screw fixation. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.3.11. PMID: 16599416.

3232: Choudhri HF, Perling LH. Diagnosis and management of juxtafacet cysts. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Mar 15;20(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.3.2. PMID: 16599415.

3233: Wakefield AE, Steinmetz MP, Benzel EC. Biomechanics of thoracic discectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Sep 15;11(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.3.7. PMID: 16519426.

3234: Brown JA. Motor cortex stimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Sep 15;11(3):E5. PMID: 16519425.

3235: Mogilner AY, Rezai AR. Epidural motor cortex stimulation with functional imaging guidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Sep 15;11(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.3.5. PMID: 16519424.

3236: Pirotte B, Voordecker P, Joffroy F, Massager N, Wikler D, Baleriaux D, Levivier M, Brotchi J. The Zeiss-MKM system for frameless image-guided approach in epidural motor cortex stimulation for central neuropathic pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Sep 15;11(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.3.4. PMID: 16519423.

3237: Smith H, Joint C, Schlugman D, Nandi D, Stein JF, Aziz TZ. Motor cortex stimulation for neuropathic pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Sep 15;11(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.3.3. PMID: 16519422.

3238: Saitoh Y, Hirano S, Kato A, Kishima H, Hirata M, Yamamoto K, Yoshimine T. Motor cortex stimulation for deafferentation pain. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Sep 15;11(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.3.2. PMID: 16519421.

3239: Gandhi CD, Post KD. Historical movements in transsphenoidal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Oct 15;11(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.4.8. PMID: 16519420.

3240: Kerr ME, Weber BB, Sereika SM, Wilberger J, Marion DW. Dose response to cerebrospinal fluid drainage on cerebral perfusion in traumatic brain-injured adults. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Oct 15;11(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.4.2. PMID: 16519419.

3241: Jagannathan J, Prevedello DM, Ayer VS, Dumont AS, Jane JA Jr, Laws ER. Computer-assisted frameless stereotaxy in transsphenoidal surgery at a single institution: review of 176 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Feb 15;20(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.2.10. PMID: 16512660.

3242: Lekovic GP, Mariwalla NR, Horn EM, Chang S, Rekate HL, Theodore N. Skeletal dysplasia involving the subaxial cervical spine. Report of two cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Feb 15;20(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.2.9. PMID: 16512659.

3243: Fassett DR, McCall T, Brockmeyer DL. Odontoid synchondrosis fractures in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Feb 15;20(2):E7. PMID: 16512658.

3244: Fountas KN, Kapsalaki EZ, Robinson JS. Cervical epidural hematoma in children: a rare clinical entity. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Feb 15;20(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.2.7. PMID: 16512657.

3245: McCall T, Fassett D, Brockmeyer D. Cervical spine trauma in children: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Feb 15;20(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.2.6. PMID: 16512656.

3246: Baron EM, Loftus CM, Vaccaro AR, Dominique DA. Anterior approach to the subaxial cervical spine in children: a brief review. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Feb 15;20(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.2.5. PMID: 16512655.

3247: Anderson RC, Kan P, Hansen KW, Brockmeyer DL. Cervical spine clearance after trauma in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Feb 15;20(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.2.4. PMID: 16512654.

3248: Fassett DR, Clark R, Brockmeyer DL, Schmidt MH. Cervical spine deformity associated with resection of spinal cord tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Feb 15;20(2):E2. PMID: 16512653.

3249: Dogan S, Safavi-Abbasi S, Theodore N, Horn E, Rekate HL, Sonntag VK. Pediatric subaxial cervical spine injuries: origins, management, and outcome in 51 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Feb 15;20(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.2.2. PMID: 16512652.

3250: Erman T, Tuna M, Göçer AI, Idan F, Akgül E, Zorludemir S. Postoperative radicular neuroma. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Nov 15;11(5):ecp. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.5.9. PMID: 16466240.

3251: McInerney J, Gould DA, Birkmeyer JD, Harbaugh RE. Decision analysis for small, asymptomatic intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Nov 15;11(5):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.5.8. PMID: 16466239.

3252: Dehdashti AR, Muster M, Reverdin A, de Tribolet N, Ruefenacht DA. Preoperative silk suture embolization of cerebral and dural arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Nov 15;11(5):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.5.7. PMID: 16466238.

3253: Hashimoto T, Young WL. Anesthesia-related considerations for cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Nov 15;11(5):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.5.6. PMID: 16466237.

3254: Lazar RM. Neuropsychological function and brain arteriovenous malformations: redefining eloquence as a risk for treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Nov 15;11(5):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.5.5. PMID: 16466236.

3255: Riina HA, Gobin YP. Grading and surgical planning for intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Nov 15;11(5):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.5.4. PMID: 16466235.

3256: Bambakidis NC, Sunshine JL, Faulhaber PF, Tarr RW, Selman WR, Ratcheson RA. Functional evaluation of arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Nov 15;11(5):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.5.3. PMID: 16466234.

3257: Stapf C, Mohr JP, Pile-Spellman J, Solomon RA, Sacco RL, Connolly ES Jr. Epidemiology and natural history of arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Nov 15;11(5):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.5.2. PMID: 16466233.

3258: Pilitsis JG, Rengachary SS. The role of vertebroplasty in metastatic spinal disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Dec 15;11(6):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.6.10. PMID: 16464001.

3259: Ryken TC, Meeks SL, Traynelis V, Haller J, Bouchet LG, Bova FJ, Pennington EC, Buatti JM. Ultrasonographic guidance for spinal extracranial radiosurgery: technique and application for metastatic spinal lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Dec 15;11(6):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.6.9. PMID: 16464000.

3260: Bilsky MH, Yenice K, Lovelock M, Yamada J. Stereotactic intensity- modulation radiation therapy for vertebral body and paraspinal tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Dec 15;11(6):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.6.8. PMID: 16463999.

3261: Murphy MJ, Chang S, Gibbs I, Le QT, Martin D, Kim D. Image-guided radiosurgery in the treatment of spinal metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Dec 15;11(6):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.6.7. PMID: 16463998.

3262: Kalfas IH. Image-guided spinal navigation: application to spinal metastases. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Dec 15;11(6):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.6.6. PMID: 16463997.

3263: Wiggins GC, Mirza S, Bellabarba C, West GA, Chapman JR, Shaffrey CI. Perioperative complications with costotransversectomy and anterior approaches to thoracic and thoracolumbar tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Dec 15;11(6):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.6.5. PMID: 16463996.

3264: Schuster JM, Grady MS. Medical management and adjuvant therapies in spinal metastatic disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Dec 15;11(6):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.6.4. PMID: 16463995.

3265: Steinmetz MP, Mekhail A, Benzel EC. Management of metastatic tumors of the spine: strategies and operative indications. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Dec 15;11(6):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.6.3. PMID: 16463994.

3266: Jacobs WB, Perrin RG. Evaluation and treatment of spinal metastases: an overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Dec 15;11(6):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.6.11. PMID: 16463993.

3267: Heary RF, Bono CM. Metastatic spinal tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Dec 15;11(6):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2001.11.6.2. PMID: 16463992.

3268: Marotta N, Cosar M, Pimenta L, Khoo LT. A novel minimally invasive presacral approach and instrumentation technique for anterior L5-S1 intervertebral discectomy and fusion: technical description and case presentations. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.1.10. PMID: 16459999.

3269: Dimopoulos VG, Fountas KN, Robinson JS. Familial intracranial ependymomas. Report of three cases in a family and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.1.9. PMID: 16459998.

3270: Wang VY, Chang EF, Barbaro NM. Focal cortical dysplasia: a review of pathological features, genetics, and surgical outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.1.8. PMID: 16459997.

3271: Robinson S, Cohen AR. Cowden disease and Lhermitte-Duclos disease: an update. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.1.7. PMID: 16459996.

3272: Clarke MJ, Foy AB, Wetjen N, Raffel C. Imaging characteristics and growth of subependymal giant cell astrocytomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.1.6. PMID: 16459995.

3273: Piedimonte LR, Wailes IK, Weiner HL. Tuberous sclerosis complex: molecular pathogenesis and animal models. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.1.5. Retraction in: Jane JA Sr. Neurosurg Focus. 2006;21(1):e17. PMID: 16459994.

3274: McCall T, Chin SS, Salzman KL, Fults DW. Tuberous sclerosis: a syndrome of incomplete tumor suppression. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.1.4. PMID: 16459993.

3275: Al-Otibi M, Rutka JT. Neurosurgical implications of neurofibromatosis Type I in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E2. PMID: 16459992.

3276: Biegel JA. Molecular genetics of atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.1.12. PMID: 16459991.

3277: Kamaly-Asl ID, Shams N, Taylor MD. Genetics of choroid plexus tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.1.11. PMID: 16459990.

3278: Murovic JA, Kim DH, Kline DG. Neurofibromatosis-associated nerve sheath tumors. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2006 Jan 15;20(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2006.20.1.2. PMID: 16459989.

3279: Cheng JS, Sanchez-Mejia RO, Limbo M, Ward MM, Barbaro NM. Management of medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia in patients with multiple sclerosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):e13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.14. PMID: 16419978.

3280: Sanchez-Mejia RO, Limbo M, Cheng JS, Camara J, Ward MM, Barbaro NM. Recurrent or refractory trigeminal neuralgia after microvascular decompression, radiofrequency ablation, or radiosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):e12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.13. PMID: 16419977.

3281: Amini A, Schmidt RH. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in a series of 36 adult patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E9. PMID: 16398486.

3282: Ray P, Jallo GI, Kim RY, Kim BS, Wilson S, Kothbauer K, Abbott R. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for tumor-related hydrocephalus in a pediatric population. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.6.9. PMID: 16398485.

3283: Greenfield JP, Souweidane MM. Endoscopic management of intracranial cysts. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.6.8. PMID: 16398484.

3284: Murad GJ, Clayman M, Seagle MB, White S, Perkins LA, Pincus DW. Endoscopic-assisted repair of craniosynostosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.6.7. PMID: 16398483.

3285: Baron EM, Levene HB, Heller JE, Jallo JI, Loftus CM, Dominique DA. Neuroendoscopy for spinal disorders: a brief review. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.6.6. PMID: 16398482.

3286: Amini A, Beisse R, Schmidt MH. Thoracoscopic spine surgery for decompression and stabilization of the anterolateral thoracolumbar spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E4. PMID: 16398481.

3287: Doglietto F, Prevedello DM, Jane JA Jr, Han J, Laws ER Jr. Brief history of endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery–from Philipp Bozzini to the First World Congress of Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.6.4. PMID: 16398480.

3288: Jane JA Jr, Han J, Prevedello DM, Jagannathan J, Dumont AS, Laws ER Jr. Perspectives on endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.6.3. PMID: 16398479.

3289: Helm GA, Gazit Z. Future uses of mesenchymal stem cells in spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.6.14. PMID: 16398478.

3290: Longatti P, Basaldella L, Feletti A, Fiorindi A, Billeci D. Endoscopic navigation of the fourth ventricle. Technical note and preliminary experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.6.13. PMID: 16398477.

3291: Jallo GI, Kothbauer KF, Abbott IR. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E11. PMID: 16398476.

3292: Bognar L, Markia B, Novak L. Retrospective analysis of 400 neuroendoscopic interventions: the Hungarian experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.6.11. PMID: 16398475.

3293: Li KW, Nelson C, Suk I, Jallo GI. Neuroendoscopy: past, present, and future. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Dec 15;19(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.6.2. PMID: 16398474.

3294: Ragel BT, Jensen RL. Molecular genetics of meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.10. PMID: 16398473.

3295: Piedimonte LR, Wailes IK, Weiner HL. Medulloblastoma: mouse models and novel targeted therapies based on the Sonic hedgehog pathway. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.9. PMID: 16398472.

3296: Fults DW. Modeling medulloblastoma with genetically engineered mice. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.8. PMID: 16398471.

3297: Ruttledge MH, Rouleau GA. Role of the neurofibromatosis type 2 gene in the development of tumors of the nervous system. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.7. PMID: 16398470.

3298: Wrensch M, Fisher JL, Schwartzbaum JA, Bondy M, Berger M, Aldape KD. The molecular epidemiology of gliomas in adults. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.6. PMID: 16398469.

3299: Jagannathan J, Dumont AS, Prevedello DM, Lopes B, Oskouian RJ, Jane JA Jr, Laws ER Jr. Genetics of pituitary adenomas: current theories and future implications. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E4. Retraction in: Jane JA Sr. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):E4r. PMID: 16398468.

3300: Li MH, Bouffet E, Hawkins CE, Squire JA, Huang A. Molecular genetics of supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors and pineoblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.4. PMID: 16398467.

3301: Nutt CL. Molecular genetics of oligodendrogliomas: a model for improved clinical management in the field of neurooncology. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.3. PMID: 16398466.

3302: Hamlat A, Saikali S, Chaperon J, Le Calve M, Gedouin D, Ben-Hassel M, Guegan Y. Oligodendroglioma: clinical study and survival analysis correlated with chromosomal anomalies. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E15. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.16. PMID: 16398465.

3303: Bauer AM, Mueller DM, Oró JJ. Arachnoid cyst resulting in tonsillar herniation and syringomyelia in a patient with achondroplasia. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.15. PMID: 16398464.

3304: McClelland S 3rd, Kim B, Winfield LM, Ford B, Edwards TA, Pullman SL, Yu Q, McKhann GM 2nd, Goodman RR. Microelectrode recording-determined subthalamic nucleus length not predictive of stimulation-induced side effects. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E13. PMID: 16398463.

3305: McClelland S 3rd, Ford B, Senatus PB, Winfield LM, Du YE, Pullman SL, Yu Q, Frucht SJ, McKhann GM 2nd, Goodman RR. Subthalamic stimulation for Parkinson disease: determination of electrode location necessary for clinical efficacy. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E12. PMID: 16398462.

3306: Prevedello DM, Jagannathan J, Jane JA Jr, Lopes MB, Laws ER Jr. Relevance of high Ki-67 in pituitary adenomas. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.12. PMID: 16398461.

3307: Lindsey JC, Anderton JA, Lusher ME, Clifford SC. Epigenetic events in medulloblastoma development. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.11. PMID: 16398460.

3308: Bayani J, Pandita A, Squire JA. Molecular cytogenetic analysis in the study of brain tumors: findings and applications. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Nov 15;19(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.2. PMID: 16398459.

3309: Jane JA Sr. Retraction. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Feb;30(2):E4r. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.5.5. PMID: 21322744.

3310: Kirkpatrick DB. What do neurosurgeons actually do? A statistical analysis of one neurosurgeon's entire career. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Oct 15;19(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.4.10. PMID: 16241111.

3311: Rovin RA, Winn R. Pokemon expression in malignant glioma: an application of bioinformatics methods. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Oct 15;19(4):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.4.9. PMID: 16241110.

3312: Stein SC. Using bioinformatics to keep “pay for performance” fair: a modest proposal. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Oct 15;19(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.4.8. PMID: 16241109.

3313: Piatt JH Jr. Detected and overlooked cervical spine injury among comatose trauma patients: from the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcomes Study. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Oct 15;19(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.4.7. PMID: 16241108.

3314: Barker FG 2nd, Carter BS. Synthesizing medical evidence: systematic reviews and metaanalyses. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Oct 15;19(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.4.6. PMID: 16241107.

3315: Vincent DJ, Hurd MW. Bioinformatics and functional magnetic resonance imaging in clinical populations: practical aspects of data collection, analysis, interpretation, and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Oct 15;19(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.4.5. PMID: 16241106.

3316: Wiesner SM, Freese A, Ohlfest JR. Emerging concepts in glioma biology: implications for clinical protocols and rational treatment strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Oct 15;19(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.4.4. PMID: 16241105.

3317: Ritchie MD. Bioinformatics approaches for detecting gene-gene and gene- environment interactions in studies of human disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Oct 15;19(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.4.3. PMID: 16241104.

3318: Sibenaller ZA, Etame AB, Ali MM, Barua M, Braun TA, Casavant TL, Ryken TC. Genetic characterization of commonly used glioma cell lines in the rat animal model system. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Oct 15;19(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.4.2. PMID: 16241103.

3319: Shiraishi T, Yato Y. New double-door laminoplasty procedure for the axis to preserve all muscular attachments to the spinous process: technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.10. PMID: 16212336.

3320: Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Traynelis VC, Sasso RC, Subach BR, Fiore AJ, Rodts GE. Posterior cervical fixation using a new polyaxial screw and rod system: technique and surgical results. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.9. PMID: 16212335.

3321: Resnick DK. Anterior cervicothoracic junction corpectomy and plate fixation without sternotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.8. PMID: 16212334.

3322: Stokes JK, Villavicencio AT, Liu PC, Bray RS, Johnson JP. Posterior atlantoaxial stabilization: new alternative to C1-2 transarticular screws. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.7. PMID: 16212333.

3323: Fiore AJ, Haid RW, Rodts GE, Subach BR, Mummaneni PV, Riedel CJ, Birch BD. Atlantal lateral mass screws for posterior spinal reconstruction: technical note and case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.6. PMID: 16212332.

3324: Bärlocher CB, Barth A, Krauss JK, Binggeli R, Seiler RW. Comparative evaluation of microdiscectomy only, autograft fusion, polymethylmethacrylate interposition, and threaded titanium cage fusion for treatment of single-level cervical disc disease: a prospective randomized study in 125 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.5. PMID: 16212331.

3325: Assietti R, Beretta F, Arienta C. Two-level anterior cervical discectomy and cage-assisted fusion without plates. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.4. PMID: 16212330.

3326: Zevgaridis D, Thomé C, Krauss JK. Prospective controlled study of rectangular titanium cage fusion compared with iliac crest autograft fusion in anterior cervical discectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.3. PMID: 16212329.

3327: Haid RW, Foley KT, Rodts GE, Barnes B. The Cervical Spine Study Group anterior cervical plate nomenclature. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E15. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.16. PMID: 16212328.

3328: Wang MY, Levi AD. Ganglionectomy of C-2 for the treatment of medically refractory occipital neuralgia. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.15. PMID: 16212327.

3329: Barnes B, Haid RW, Rodts GE, Subach BR, Kaiser M. Early results using the Atlantis anterior cervical plate system. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.14. PMID: 16212326.

3330: Mizuno J, Nakagawa H. Anterior decompression for cervical spondylosis associated with an early form of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.13. PMID: 16212325.

3331: Kalfas IH. Role of corpectomy in cervical spondylosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.12. PMID: 16212324.

3332: Webb KM, Kaptain G, Sheehan J, Jane JA Sr. Pediculotomy as an adjunct to posterior cervical hemilaminectomy, foraminotomy, and discectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.11. PMID: 16212323.

3333: Salame K, Ouaknine GE, Razon N, Rochkind S. The use of carbon fiber cages in anterior cervical interbody fusion: report of 100 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jan 15;12(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.1.2. PMID: 16212322.

3334: Nandi D, Parkin S, Scott R, Winter JL, Joint C, Gregory R, Stein J, Aziz TZ. Camptocormia treated with bilateral pallidal stimulation: case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Feb 15;12(2):ECP2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.2.5. PMID: 16212321.

3335: Olivero WC, Dulebohn SC. Results of halter cervical traction for the treatment of cervical radiculopathy: retrospective review of 81 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Feb 15;12(2):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.2.4. PMID: 16212320.

3336: Engelhard HH. Current diagnosis and treatment of oligodendroglioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Feb 15;12(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.2.3. PMID: 16212319.

3337: Lopes MB, Laws ER Jr. Low-grade central nervous system tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Feb 15;12(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.2.2. PMID: 16212318.

3338: Tani E. Molecular mechanisms involved in development of cerebral vasospasm. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Mar 15;12(3):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.3.8. PMID: 16212317.

3339: Moores LE. Weapons of mass destruction and the role of the neurosurgeon. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Mar 15;12(3):E6. PMID: 16212316.

3340: Wiseman DB, Ellenbogen R, Shaffrey CI. Triage for the neurosurgeon. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Mar 15;12(3):E5. PMID: 16212315.

3341: Neal CJ, Moores LE. Weapons of mass destruction: radiation. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Mar 15;12(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.3.5. PMID: 16212314.

3342: McCafferty RR, Lennarson PJ. Common chemical agent threats. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Mar 15;12(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.3.4. PMID: 16212313.

3343: Moquin RR, Moquin ME. Weapons of mass destruction: biological. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Mar 15;12(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.3.3. PMID: 16212312.

3344: Moores LE. Threat credibility and weapons of mass destruction. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Mar 15;12(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.3.2. PMID: 16212311.

3345: Ausman JI, Pawl RP. What neurosurgeons should do to succeed in tomorrow's scientific and socioeconomic environment. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.4.10. PMID: 16212310.

3346: Scarrow AM. Physician reimbursement under Medicare. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.4.9. PMID: 16212309.

3347: Tibbs RE Jr, Pelofsky S, Friedman ES, Blaylock K. Physician ownership of specialty spine hospitals. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.4.8. PMID: 16212308.

3348: Moquin RR, Ecklund JM. Socioeconomic issues of United States military neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.4.7. PMID: 16212307.

3349: Stein SC, Burnett MG. Decision analysis to estimate cost effectiveness in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.4.6. PMID: 16212306.

3350: Popp AJ, Scrime T, Cohen BR, Feustel PJ, Petronis K, Habiniak S, Waldman JB, Vosburgh MM. Factors affecting profitability for craniotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.4.5. PMID: 16212305.

3351: Przybylski GJ. Understanding and applying a resource-based relative value system to your neurosurgical practice. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.4.4. PMID: 16212304.

3352: Bean JR. Valuing neurosurgery services: part II. The interdependence of Current Procedural Terminology and federal Medicare payment policy. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e2. PMID: 16212303.

3353: Kusske JA. Neurosurgical practice in the current regulatory environment. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.4.12. PMID: 16212302.

3354: Wohns RN. What is a “fair salary” for a surgical subspecialist? Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.4.11. PMID: 16212301.

3355: Bean JR. Valuing neurosurgery services: part I. The historical development and interrelationships of current procedural terminology and the medicare fee schedule. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Apr 15;12(4):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.4.2. PMID: 16212300.

3356: Sivan M. Metastases from nonfunctioning pituitary carcinomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E11; author reply E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.12. PMID: 16196164.

3357: Binder DK, Lu DC, Barbaro NM. Multiple root avulsions from the brachial plexus. Case illustration. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.10. PMID: 16190608.

3358: Villavicencio AT, Oskouian RJ, Roberson C, Stokes J, Park J, Shaffrey CI, Johnson JP. Thoracolumbar vertebral reconstruction after surgery for metastatic spinal tumors: long-term outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.9. PMID: 16190607.

3359: Chi JH, Manley GT, Chou D. Pregnancy-related vertebral hemangioma. Case report, review of the literature, and management algorithm. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.8. PMID: 16190606.

3360: Uzzaman M, Benveniste RJ, Keller G, Germano IM. Embryonic stem cell- derived astrocytes: a novel gene therapy vector for brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.7. PMID: 16190605.

3361: Ehtesham M, Stevenson CB, Thompson RC. Stem cell therapies for malignant glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.6. PMID: 16190604.

3362: Acosta FL Jr, Lotz J, Ames CP. The potential role of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for intervertebral disc degeneration: a critical overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.5. PMID: 16190603.

3363: Vadivelu S, Becker D, McDonald JW. Generating chimeric spinal cord: a novel model for transplantable oligodendrocyte progenitors derived from embryonic stem cells. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.4. PMID: 16190602.

3364: Marquez YD, Wang MY, Liu CY. Cellular signaling in neural stem cells: implications for restorative neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.3. PMID: 16190601.

3365: Fountas KN, Smith JR, Jenkins PD, Murro AM. Spontaneous motor cortex encephalocele presenting with simple partial seizures and progressive hemiparesis. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.11. PMID: 16190600.

3366: Bambakidis NC, Theodore N, Nakaji P, Harvey A, Sonntag VK, Preul MC, Miller RH. Endogenous stem cell proliferation after central nervous system injury: alternative therapeutic options. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Sep 15;19(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.3.2. PMID: 16190599.

3367: Liu JK, Couldwell WT. Far-lateral transcondylar approach: surgical technique and its application in neurenteric cysts of the cervicomedullary junction. Report of two cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Aug 15;19(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.2.10. PMID: 16122218.

3368: Bambakidis NC, Gonzalez LF, Amin-Hanjani S, Deshmukh VR, Porter RW, Daspit PC, Spetzler RF. Combined skull base approaches to the posterior fossa. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Aug 15;19(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.2.9. PMID: 16122217.

3369: Erkmen K, Pravdenkova S, Al-Mefty O. Surgical management of petroclival meningiomas: factors determining the choice of approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Aug 15;19(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.2.8. PMID: 16122216.

3370: Tummala RP, Coscarella E, Morcos JJ. Transpetrosal approaches to the posterior fossa. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Aug 15;19(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.2.7. PMID: 16122215.

3371: O'Shaughnessy BA, Getch CC, Bendok BR, Batjer HH. Microsurgical resection of infratentorial arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Aug 15;19(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.2.6. PMID: 16122214.

3372: Krayenbuhl N, Guerrero C, Krisht AF. Technical strategies to approach aneurysms of the vertebral and posterior inferior cerebellar arteries. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Aug 15;19(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.2.5. PMID: 16122213.

3373: Gonzalez LF, Amin-Hanjani S, Bambakidis NC, Spetzler RF. Skull base approaches to the basilar artery. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Aug 15;19(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.2.4. PMID: 16122212.

3374: Krisht AF. Transcavernous approach to diseases of the anterior upper third of the posterior fossa. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Aug 15;19(2):E2. PMID: 16122211.

3375: Dimopoulos V, Fountas KN, Machinis TG, Feltes C, Chung I, Johnston K, Robinson JS, Grigorian A. Postoperative cauda equina syndrome in patients undergoing single-level lumbar microdiscectomy. Report of two cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Aug 15;19(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.2.12. PMID: 16122210.

3376: Ribas GC, Rhoton AL Jr, Cruz OR, Peace D. Suboccipital burr holes and craniectomies. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Aug 15;19(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.2.2. PMID: 16122209.

3377: Liu JK, Niazi Z, Couldwell WT. Reconstruction of the skull base after tumor resection: an overview of methods. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.10. PMID: 16119907.

3378: McGrew BM, Jackson CG, Redtfeldt RA. Lateral skull base malignancies. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.9. PMID: 16119906.

3379: Origitano TC, Petruzzelli GJ, Vandevender D, Emami B. Management of malignant tumors of the anterior and anterolateral skull base. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.8. PMID: 16119905.

3380: Pieper DR, LaRouere M, Jackson IT. Operative management of skull base malignancies: choosing the appropriate approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.7. PMID: 16119904.

3381: Jellish WS, Murdoch J, Leonetti JP. Perioperative management of complex skull base surgery: the anesthesiologist's point of view. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.6. PMID: 16119903.

3382: Oskouian RJ Jr, Jane JA Sr, Dumont AS, Sheehan JM, Laurent JJ, Levine PA. Esthesioneuroblastoma: clinical presentation, radiological, and pathological features, treatment, review of the literature, and the University of Virginia experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.5. PMID: 16119902.

3383: Cohen ZR, Marmor E, Fuller GN, DeMonte F. Misdiagnosis of olfactory neuroblastoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.4. PMID: 16119901.

3384: Marzo SJ, Leonetti JP, Petruzzelli G. Facial paralysis caused by malignant skull base neoplasms. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.3. PMID: 16119900.

3385: Kryzanski JT, Annino DJ Jr, Heilman CB. Complication avoidance in the treatment of malignant tumors of the skull base. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.12. PMID: 16119899.

3386: Fliss DM, Gil Z, Spektor S, Leider-Trejo L, Abergel A, Khafif A, Amir A, Gur E, Cohen JT. Skull base reconstruction after anterior subcranial tumor resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.11. PMID: 16119898.

3387: Tsai EC, Santoreneos S, Rutka JT. Tumors of the skull base in children: review of tumor types and management strategies. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 May 15;12(5):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.5.2. PMID: 16119897.

3388: Luther N, Cohen A, Souweidane MM. Hemorrhagic sequelae from intracranial neuroendoscopic procedures for intraventricular tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.1.10. PMID: 16078823.

3389: Kassam A, Carrau RL, Snyderman CH, Gardner P, Mintz A. Evolution of reconstructive techniques following endoscopic expanded endonasal approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E8. PMID: 16078822.

3390: Kassam A, Snyderman CH, Carrau RL, Gardner P, Mintz A. Endoneurosurgical hemostasis techniques: lessons learned from 400 cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E7. PMID: 16078821.

3391: Kassam AB, Gardner P, Snyderman C, Mintz A, Carrau R. Expanded endonasal approach: fully endoscopic, completely transnasal approach to the middle third of the clivus, petrous bone, middle cranial fossa, and infratemporal fossa. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E6. PMID: 16078820.

3392: Cavallo LM, Messina A, Gardner P, Esposito F, Kassam AB, Cappabianca P, de Divitiis E, Tschabitscher M. Extended endoscopic endonasal approach to the pterygopalatine fossa: anatomical study and clinical considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E5. PMID: 16078819.

3393: Kassam A, Snyderman CH, Mintz A, Gardner P, Carrau RL. Expanded endonasal approach: the rostrocaudal axis. Part II. Posterior clinoids to the foramen magnum. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E4. PMID: 16078818.

3394: Kassam A, Snyderman CH, Mintz A, Gardner P, Carrau RL. Expanded endonasal approach: the rostrocaudal axis. Part I. Crista galli to the sella turcica. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E3. PMID: 16078817.

3395: Cavallo LM, Messina A, Cappabianca P, Esposito F, de Divitiis E, Gardner P, Tschabitscher M. Endoscopic endonasal surgery of the midline skull base: anatomical study and clinical considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E2. PMID: 16078816.

3396: Lee CM, Watson GA, Leavitt DD. Dynamic collimator optimization compared with fixed collimator angle in arc-based stereotactic radiotherapy: a dosimetric analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.1.13. PMID: 16078815.

3397: Purdy PD, Fujimoto T, Replogle RE, Giles BP, Fujimoto H, Miller SL. Percutaneous intraspinal navigation for access to the subarachnoid space: use of another natural conduit for neurosurgical procedures. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.1.12. PMID: 16078814.

3398: Mayberg MR, LaPresto E, Cunningham EJ. Image-guided endoscopy: description of technique and potential applications. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.1.11. PMID: 16078813.

3399: Maroon JC. Skull base surgery: past, present, and future trends. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jul 15;19(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.19.1.2. PMID: 16078812.

3400: Heimer L. Instructional video. Dissection of the human brain. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6B):E4. PMID: 16048299.

3401: Coppens JR, Mahaney KB, Abdulrauf SI. An anteromedial approach to the temporal horn to avoid injury to the optic radiation fibers and uncinate fasciculus: anatomical and technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6B):E3. PMID: 16048298.

3402: Ribas GC, Ribas EC, Rodrigues CJ. The anterior sylvian point and the suprasylvian operculum. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6B):E2. PMID: 16048297.

3403: Yaşargil MG, Türe U, Yaşargil DC. Surgical anatomy of supratentorial midline lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6B):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.6.14. PMID: 16048296.

3404: Liu JK, Cole CD, Kestle JR, Brockmeyer DL, Walker ML. Cranial base strategies for resection of craniopharyngioma in children. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E9. PMID: 16048295.

3405: Chen ML, McComb JG, Krieger MD. Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors of the central nervous system: management and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E8. PMID: 16048294.

3406: Komotar RJ, Mocco J, Jones JE, Zacharia BE, Tihan T, Feldstein NA, Anderson RC. Pilomyxoid astrocytoma: diagnosis, prognosis, and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E7. PMID: 16048293.

3407: Jagannathan J, Dumont AS, Jane JA Jr, Laws ER Jr. Pediatric sellar tumors: diagnostic procedures and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E6. PMID: 16048292.

3408: Sandberg DI, Ragheb J, Dunoyer C, Bhatia S, Olavarria G, Morrison G. Surgical outcomes and seizure control rates after resection of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E5. PMID: 16048291.

3409: Krieger MD, Panigrahy A, McComb JG, Nelson MD, Liu X, Gonzalez-Gomez I, Gilles F, Bluml S. Differentiation of choroid plexus tumors by advanced magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E4. PMID: 16048290.

3410: Luther N, Souweidane MM. Neuroendoscopic resection of posterior third ventricular ependymoma. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E3. PMID: 16048289.

3411: Li KW, Roonprapunt C, Lawson HC, Abbott IR, Wisoff J, Epstein F, Jallo GI. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for hydrocephalus associated with tectal gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E2. PMID: 16048288.

3412: Lee J, Jallo GI, Guarnieri M, Carson BS Sr, Penno MB. A novel brainstem tumor model: guide screw technology with functional, radiological, and histopathological characterization. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E11. PMID: 16048287.

3413: Aryan HE, Ozgur BM, Jandial R, Levy ML. Subfrontal transbasal approach and technique for resection of craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E10. PMID: 16048286.

3414: Souweidane MM. Endoscopic management of pediatric brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jun 15;18(6A):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.6.2. PMID: 16048285.

3415: Yeh DJ, Hessler RB, Lee MR. Leiomyosarcomatous transformation of unknown pediatric primary brainstem lesion following radiotherapy. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):ecp2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.6.13. PMID: 15926790.

3416: Ma J, Song T, Hu W, Muhumuza ME, Zhao W, Yang S, Bai J, Yang H. Reconstruction of the superior sagittal sinus with silicone tubing. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.6.12. PMID: 15926789.

3417: Colli BO, Valença MM, Carlotti CG Jr, Machado HR, Assirati JA Jr. Spinal cord cysticercosis: neurosurgical aspects. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):e9. PMID: 15926788.

3418: Alsina GA, Johnson JP, McBride DQ, Rhoten PR, Mehringer CM, Stokes JK. Spinal neurocysticercosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.6.9. PMID: 15926787.

3419: Gravori T, Steineke T, Bergsneider M. Endoscopic removal of cisternal neurocysticercal cysts. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.6.8. PMID: 15926786.

3420: Citow JS, Johnson JP, McBride DQ, Ammirati M. Imaging features and surgery-related outcomes in intraventricular neurocysticercosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.6.7. PMID: 15926785.

3421: Cuetter AC, Andrews RJ. Intraventricular neurocysticercosis: 18 consecutive patients and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.6.6. PMID: 15926784.

3422: Garg RK. Single enhancing computerized tomography-detected lesion in immunocompetent patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.6.5. PMID: 15926783.

3423: Colli BO, Carlotti CG Jr, Assirati JA Jr, Machado HR, Valença M, Amato MC. Surgical treatment of cerebral cysticercosis: long-term results and prognostic factors. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):e3. PMID: 15926782.

3424: DeGiorgio CM, Houston I, Oviedo S, Sorvillo F. Deaths associated with cysticercosis. Report of three cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.6.3. PMID: 15926781.

3425: Sheehan JP, Sheehan J, Lopes MB, Jane JA Sr. Intramedullary spinal cysticercosis. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.6.11. PMID: 15926780.

3426: Sotelo J, Del Brutto OH. Review of neurocysticercosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jun 15;12(6):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.12.6.2. PMID: 15926779.

3427: Kanda M, Tanaka H, Shinoda S, Masuzawa T. Leptomeningeal dissemination of pilocytic astrocytoma via hematoma in a child. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jul 15;13(1):ECP2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.1.7. PMID: 15916413.

3428: Bullock MR, Merchant RE, Choi SC, Gilman CB, Kreutzer JS, Marmarou A, Teasdale GM. Outcome measures for clinical trials in neurotrauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jul 15;13(1):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.1.6. PMID: 15916412.

3429: Palmer S, Turner R, Palmer R. Bilateral decompressive surgery in lumbar spinal stenosis associated with spondylolisthesis: unilateral approach and use of a microscope and tubular retractor system. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jul 15;13(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.1.5. PMID: 15916411.

3430: Heary RF, Bono CM. Circumferential fusion for spondylolisthesis in the lumbar spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jul 15;13(1):E3. PMID: 15916410.

3431: Rengachary SS, Balabhandra R. Reduction of spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jul 15;13(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.1.3. PMID: 15916409.

3432: Ganju A. Isthmic spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Jul 15;13(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.1.2. PMID: 15916408.

3433: Epstein N. Ossification of the cervical posterior longitudinal ligament: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.16. PMID: 15916407.

3434: Sheehan JP, Helm GA, Sheehan JM, Jane JA Sr. Stress fracture of the pedicle after extensive decompression and contralateral posterior fusion for lumbar stenosis. Report of three cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.10. PMID: 15916406.

3435: Angevine PD, McCormick PC. Outcomes research and lumbar discectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.9. PMID: 15916405.

3436: Welch WC, Gerszten PC. Alternative strategies for lumbar discectomy: intradiscal electrothermy and nucleoplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.8. PMID: 15916404.

3437: Feltes C, Fountas K, Davydov R, Dimopoulos V, Robinson JS Jr. Effects of nerve root retraction in lumbar discectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.7. PMID: 15916403.

3438: Palmer S. Use of a tubular retractor system in microscopic lumbar discectomy: 1 year prospective results in 135 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.6. PMID: 15916402.

3439: Park YK, Kim JH, Chung HS. Outcome analysis of patients after ligament- sparing microdiscectomy for lumbar disc herniation. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.5. PMID: 15916401.

3440: Koebbe CJ, Maroon JC, Abla A, El-Kadi H, Bost J. Lumbar microdiscectomy: a historical perspective and current technical considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.4. PMID: 15916400.

3441: Baldwin NG. Lumbar disc disease: the natural history. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.3. PMID: 15916399.

3442: Rengachary SS, Balabhadra RS. Black disc disease: a commentary. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.15. PMID: 15916398.

3443: Tomecek FJ, Anthony CS, Boxell C, Warren J. Discography interpretation and techniques in the lumbar spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.14. PMID: 15916397.

3444: Resnick DK, Malone DG, Ryken TC. Guidelines for the use of discography for the diagnosis of painful degenerative lumbar disc disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.13. PMID: 15916396.

3445: Bani A, Spetzger U, Gilsbach JM. Indications for and benefits of lumbar facet joint block: analysis of 230 consecutive patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.12. PMID: 15916395.

3446: Traynelis VC. Spinal arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.11. PMID: 15916394.

3447: Martin MD, Boxell CM, Malone DG. Pathophysiology of lumbar disc degeneration: a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Aug 15;13(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.2.2. PMID: 15916393.

3448: Lim M, Villavicencio AT, Burneikiene S, Chang SD, Romanelli P, McNeely L, McIntyre M, Thramann JJ, Adler JR. CyberKnife radiosurgery for idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.10. PMID: 15913285.

3449: Jawahar A, Wadhwa R, Berk C, Caldito G, DeLaune A, Ampil F, Willis B, Smith D, Nanda A. Assessment of pain control, quality of life, and predictors of success after gamma knife surgery for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.9. PMID: 15913284.

3450: Kondziolka D, Lunsford LD. Percutaneous retrogasserian glycerol rhizotomy for trigeminal neuralgia: technique and expectations. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.8. PMID: 15913283.

3451: Pollock BE. Comparison of posterior fossa exploration and stereotactic radiosurgery in patients with previously nonsurgically treated idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.7. PMID: 15913282.

3452: Jannetta PJ, McLaughlin MR, Casey KF. Technique of microvascular decompression. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):E5. PMID: 15913281.

3453: Cole CD, Liu JK, Apfelbaum RI. Historical perspectives on the diagnosis and treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.5. PMID: 15913280.

3454: Eller JL, Raslan AM, Burchiel KJ. Trigeminal neuralgia: definition and classification. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.4. PMID: 15913279.

3455: Cohen J. Role of the neurologist in the evaluation and treatment of patients with trigeminal neuralgia. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.3. PMID: 15913278.

3456: Brown JA, Pilitsis JG. Percutaneous balloon compression for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia: results in 56 patients based on balloon compression pressure monitoring. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.11. PMID: 15913277.

3457: Casey KF. Role of patient history and physical examination in the diagnosis of trigeminal neuralgia. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 May 15;18(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.5.2. PMID: 15913276.

3458: Jaganathan J, Petit JH, Lazio BE, Singh SK, Chin LS. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-mediated apoptosis in established and primary glioma cell lines. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Sep 15;13(3):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.3.6. PMID: 15844877.

3459: Maksoud YA, Hahn YS, Engelhard HH. Intracranial ependymoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Sep 15;13(3):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.3.5. PMID: 15844876.

3460: Dumont AS, Oskouian RJ Jr, Chow MM, Kassell NF. Surgical management of unruptured basilar artery bifurcation aneurysms. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Sep 15;13(3):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.3.4. PMID: 15844875.

3461: Wang MC, Rubinstein D, Kindt GW, Breeze RE. Prevalence of intracranial aneurysms in first-degree relatives of patients with aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Sep 15;13(3):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.3.3. PMID: 15844874.

3462: Janardhan V, Friedlander R, Riina H, Stieg PE. Identifying patients at risk for postprocedural morbidity after treatment of incidental intracranial aneurysms: the role of aneurysm size and location. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Sep 15;13(3):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.3.2. PMID: 15844873.

3463: Machinis TG, Fountas KN, Dimopoulos V, Robinson JS. History of acoustic neurinoma surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.10. PMID: 15844872.

3464: Mut M, Lopes MB, Shaffrey M. Lucien J. Rubinstein: enduring contributions to neuro-oncology. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.9. PMID: 15844871.

3465: Ferguson S, Lesniak MS. Percival Bailey and the classification of brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.8. PMID: 15844870.

3466: Kanter AS, Dumont AS, Asthagiri AR, Oskouian RJ, Jane JA Jr, Laws ER Jr. The transsphenoidal approach. A historical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.7. PMID: 15844869.

3467: Bulsara KR, Johnson J, Villavicencio AT. Improvements in brain tumor surgery: the modern history of awake craniotomies. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.6. PMID: 15844868.

3468: Miller JT, Rahimi SY, Lee M. History of infection control and its contributions to the development and success of brain tumor operations. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.5. PMID: 15844867.

3469: Vender JR, Miller J, Rekito A, McDonnell DE. Effect of hemostasis and electrosurgery on the development and evolution of brain tumor surgery in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.4. PMID: 15844866.

3470: Voorhees JR, Cohen-Gadol AA, Spencer DD. Early evolution of neurological surgery: conquering increased intracranial pressure, infection, and blood loss. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.3. PMID: 15844865.

3471: Oertel J, von Buttlar E, Schroeder HW, Gaab MR. Prognosis of gliomas in the 1970s and today. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.13. PMID: 15844864.

3472: Barker FG 2nd, McDermott MW. Prizes, lectures, and awards of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons Section on Tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.12. PMID: 15844863.

3473: Koerbel A, Gharabaghi A, Safavi-Abbasi S, Tatagiba M, Samii M. Evolution of vestibular schwannoma surgery: the long journey to current success. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.11. PMID: 15844862.

3474: Kerr PB, Caputy AJ, Horwitz NH. A history of cerebral localization. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Apr 15;18(4):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.4.2. PMID: 15844861.

3475: Silberstein M. Outcome measures for clinical trials in neurotrauma. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Oct 15;13(4):1 p following ecp2; author reply 1 p following ecp2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.4.10. PMID: 15806711.

3476: Duggal N. Sagittal alignment and the Bryan cervical artificial disk. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):1 p following e11; author reply 1 p following e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.14. PMID: 15801146.

3477: Sekhon L. Sagittal alignment and the Bryan cervical artificial disk. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):1 p following e11; author reply 1 p following e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.13. PMID: 15801145.

3478: Cox DM. Complications of cervical spine manipulation therapy: 5-year retrospective study in a single-group practice. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Dec 15;13(6):1 p following ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.6.9. PMID: 15801138.

3479: Cukiert A, Buratini JA, Machado E, Sousa A, Vieira J, Forster C, Argentoni M, Baldauf C. Seizure-related outcome after corticoamygdalohippocampectomy in patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy and mesial temporal sclerosis evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging alone. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Oct 15;13(4):ecp2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.4.9. PMID: 15771407.

3480: Sato K, Nagata K, Sugita Y. Spinal extradural meningeal cyst: correct radiological and histopathological diagnosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Oct 15;13(4):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.4.8. PMID: 15771406.

3481: Shah JP, Bilsky MH, Patel SG. Malignant tumors of the skull base. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Oct 15;13(4):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.4.7. PMID: 15771405.

3482: Bulsara KR, Fukushima T, Friedman AH. Management of malignant tumors of the anterior skull base: experience with 76 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Oct 15;13(4):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.4.6. PMID: 15771404.

3483: Pouratian N, Bookheimer SY, Rex DE, Martin NA, Toga AW. Utility of preoperative functional magnetic resonance imaging for identifying language cortices in patients with vascular malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Oct 15;13(4):e4. PMID: 15771403.

3484: Ferrández-Sempere D, Eiras-Ajuria J. How to create vectorial templates for stereotactic functional surgery with Microsoft PowerPoint. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Oct 15;13(4):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.4.4. PMID: 15771402.

3485: Gerszten PC, Ozhasoglu C, Burton SA, Kalnicki S, Welch WC. Feasibility of frameless single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery for spinal lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Oct 15;13(4):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.4.3. PMID: 15771401.

3486: Pouratian N, Cannestra AF, Martin NA, Toga AW. Intraoperative optical intrinsic signal imaging: a clinical tool for functional brain mapping. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Oct 15;13(4):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.4.2. PMID: 15771400.

3487: Acosta FL Jr, Aryan HE, Taylor WR, Ames CP. Kyphoplasty-augmented short- segment pedicle screw fixation of traumatic lumbar burst fractures: initial clinical experience and literature review. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.10. PMID: 15771399.

3488: Gerszten PC, Germanwala A, Burton SA, Welch WC, Ozhasoglu C, Vogel WJ. Combination kyphoplasty and spinal radiosurgery: a new treatment paradigm for pathological fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.9. PMID: 15771398.

3489: Deen HG, Nottmeier EW. Balloon kyphoplasty for treatment of sacral insufficiency fractures. Report of three cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e7. PMID: 15771397.

3490: Deen HG, Aranda-Michel J, Reimer R, Putzke JD. Preliminary results of balloon kyphoplasty for vertebral compression fractures in organ transplant recipients. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e6. PMID: 15771396.

3491: Feltes C, Fountas KN, Machinis T, Nikolakakos LG, Dimopoulos V, Davydov R, Kassam M, Johnston KW, Robinson JS. Immediate and early postoperative pain relief after kyphoplasty without significant restoration of vertebral body height in acute osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.6. PMID: 15771395.

3492: Ledlie JT, Renfro MB. Decreases in the number and severity of morphometrically defined vertebral deformities after kyphoplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.5. PMID: 15771394.

3493: Villavicencio AT, Burneikiene S, Bulsara KR, Thramann JJ. Intraoperative three-dimensional fluoroscopy-based computerized tomography guidance for percutaneous kyphoplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.4. PMID: 15771393.

3494: Wong W, Mathis JM. Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty: techniques for avoiding complications and pitfalls. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.3. PMID: 15771392.

3495: Oskouian RJ, Johnson JP. Endoscopic thoracic microdiscectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.12. PMID: 15771391.

3496: Lam S, Khoo LT. A novel percutaneous system for bone graft delivery and containment for elevation and stabilization of vertebral compression fractures. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.11. PMID: 15771390.

3497: Burton AW, Rhines LD, Mendel E. Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty: a comprehensive review. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Mar 15;18(3):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.3.2. PMID: 15771389.

3498: Tuszynski MH, U HS, Alksne J, Bakay RA, Pay MM, Merrill D, Thal LJ. Growth factor gene therapy for Alzheimer disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Nov 15;13(5):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.5.6. PMID: 15769074.

3499: Hebb AO, Hebb K, Ramachandran AC, Mendez I. Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor-supplemented hibernation of fetal ventral mesencephalic neurons for transplantation in Parkinson disease: long-term storage. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Nov 15;13(5):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.5.5. PMID: 15769073.

3500: Greene PE, Fahn S. Status of fetal tissue transplantation for the treatment of advanced Parkinson disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Nov 15;13(5):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.5.4. PMID: 15769072.

3501: Lindvall O, Hagell P. Role of cell therapy in Parkinson disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Nov 15;13(5):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.5.3. PMID: 15769071.

3502: Kondziolka D, Wechsler L, Tyler-Kabara E, Achim C. The role of cell therapy for stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Nov 15;13(5):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.5.2. PMID: 15769070.

3503: Malone DG, Baldwin NG, Tomecek FJ, Boxell CM, Gaede SE, Covington CG, Kugler KK. Complications of cervical spine manipulation therapy: 5-year retrospective study in a single-group practice. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Dec 15;13(6):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.6.8. PMID: 15766233.

3504: Salerni AA. A minimally invasive approach for posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Dec 15;13(6):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.6.7. PMID: 15766232.

3505: Morone MA, Feuer H. The use of electrical stimulation to enhance spinal fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Dec 15;13(6):e5. PMID: 15766231.

3506: Govender PV, Rampersaud YR, Rickards L, Fehlings MG. Use of osteogenic protein-1 in spinal fusion: literature review and preliminary results in a prospective series of high-risk cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Dec 15;13(6):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.6.5. PMID: 15766230.

3507: Walker DH, Wright NM. Bone morphogenetic proteins and spinal fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Dec 15;13(6):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.6.4. PMID: 15766229.

3508: Rengachary SS. Bone morphogenetic proteins: basic concepts. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Dec 15;13(6):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.6.3. PMID: 15766228.

3509: Pilitsis JG, Lucas DR, Rengachary SS. Bone healing and spinal fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2002 Dec 15;13(6):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2002.13.6.2. PMID: 15766227.

3510: Mummaneni PV, Mummaneni VP, Haid RW Jr, Rodts GE Jr, Sasso RC. Cervical osteotomy for the correction of chin-on-chest deformity in ankylosing spondylitis. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.10. PMID: 15766226.

3511: Fourney DR, Gokaslan ZL. Spinal instability and deformity due to neoplastic conditions. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.9. PMID: 15766225.

3512: Rosner MK, Polly DW Jr, Kuklo TR, Ondra SL. Thoracic pedicle screw fixation for spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.8. PMID: 15766224.

3513: Fraser JF, Huang RC, Girardi FP, Cammisa FP Jr. Pathogenesis, presentation, and treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis associated with coronal or sagittal spinal deformities. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.7. PMID: 15766223.

3514: Lippman CR, Spence CA, Youssef AS, Cahill DW. Correction of adult scoliosis via a posterior-only approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.6. PMID: 15766222.

3515: Misra SN, Morgan HW. Thoracolumbar spinal deformity in achondroplasia. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.5. PMID: 15766221.

3516: Wiggins GC, Shaffrey CI, Abel MF, Menezes AH. Pediatric spinal deformities. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.4. PMID: 15766220.

3517: Schlenk RP, Kowalski RJ, Benzel EC. Biomechanics of spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.3. PMID: 15766219.

3518: Austin RC, Branch CL Jr, Alexander JT. Novel bioabsorbable interbody fusion spacer-assisted fusion for correction of spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.12. PMID: 15766218.

3519: Moquin RR, Rosner MK, Cooper PB. Combined anterior-posterior fusion with laterally placed threaded interbody cages and pedicle screws for Scheuermann kyphosis. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.11. PMID: 15766217.

3520: Mohan AL, Das K. History of surgery for the correction of spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.1.2. PMID: 15766216.

3521: Steinmetz MP, Lechner RM, Anderson JS. Atlantooccipital dislocation in children: presentation, diagnosis, and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Feb 15;14(2):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.2.11. PMID: 15727431.

3522: Polly DW Jr, Rosner MK, Monacci W, Moquin RR. Thoracic hemivertebra excision in adults via a posterior-only approach. Report of two cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Feb 15;14(2):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.2.10. PMID: 15727430.

3523: Zipfel GJ, Guiot BH, Fessler RG. Bone grafting. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Feb 15;14(2):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.2.9. PMID: 15727429.

3524: Wang MY, Green BA, Shah S, Vanni S, Levi AD. Complications associated with lumbar stenosis surgery in patients older than 75 years of age. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Feb 15;14(2):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.2.8. PMID: 15727428.

3525: Nikas DC, Hartov A, Lunn K, Rick K, Paulsen K, Roberts DW. Coregistered intraoperative ultrasonography in resection of malignant glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Feb 15;14(2):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.2.7. PMID: 15727427.

3526: Benveniste R, Germano IM. Evaluation of factors predicting accurate resection of high-grade gliomas by using frameless image-guided stereotactic guidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Feb 15;14(2):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.2.6. PMID: 15727426.

3527: Rami BG, Chin LS, Lazio BE, Singh SK. Okadaic-acid-induced apoptosis in malignant glioma cells. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Feb 15;14(2):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.2.5. PMID: 15727425.

3528: Briceño E, Reyes S, Sotelo J. Therapy of glioblastoma multiforme improved by the antimutagenic chloroquine. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Feb 15;14(2):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.2.4. PMID: 15727424.

3529: Hall WA, Rustamzadeh E, Asher AL. Convection-enhanced delivery in clinical trials. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Feb 15;14(2):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.2.3. PMID: 15727423.

3530: Tamber MS, Rutka JT. Pediatric supratentorial high-grade gliomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Feb 15;14(2):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.2.2. PMID: 15727422.

3531: Haneline MT, Lewkovich G. Malone D G, Baldwin N G, Tomecek F J, et al: Complications of cervical spine manipulation therapy: 5-year retrospective study in a single-group practice. Neurosurg Focus 13 (6):Clinical Pearl, 2002. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Mar 15;14(3):e10; author reply e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.3.11. PMID: 15726746.

3532: Bulsara KR, Vasudevan R, Erdem E. Superior ophthalmic vein approach to carotid-cavernous fistulas. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):ECP3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.2.12. PMID: 15715456.

3533: Mueller D, Oro' JJ. Prospective analysis of self-perceived quality of life before and after posterior fossa decompression in 112 patients with Chiari malformation with or without syringomyelia. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):ECP2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.2.11. PMID: 15715455.

3534: Bhatoe HS, Singh P, Chaturvedi A, Sahai K, Dutta V, Sahoo PK. Nondysraphic intramedullary spinal cord lipomas: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.2.10. PMID: 15715454.

3535: Hanel RA, Boulos AS, Sauvageau EG, Levy EI, Guterman LR, Hopkins LN. Stent placement for the treatment of nonsaccular aneurysms of the vertebrobasilar system. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.2.9. PMID: 15715453.

3536: Wells-Roth D, Biondi A, Janardhan V, Chapple K, Gobin YP, Riina HA. Endovascular procedures for treating wide-necked aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.2.8. PMID: 15715452.

3537: Kim LJ, Albuquerque FC, McDougall C, Spetzler RF. Combined surgical and endovascular treatment of a recurrent A3-A3 junction aneurysm unsuitable for stand-alone clip ligation or coil occlusion. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.2.7. PMID: 15715451.

3538: Deshaies EM, Bagla S, Agner C, Boulos AS. Determination of filling volumes in HydroCoil-treated aneurysms by using three-dimensional computerized tomography angiography. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.2.6. PMID: 15715450.

3539: Sani S, Jobe KW, Lopes DK. Treatment of wide-necked cerebral aneurysms with the Neuroform2 Treo stent. A prospective 6-month study. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.2.5. PMID: 15715449.

3540: Albuquerque FC, Fiorella DJ, Han PP, Deshmukh VR, Kim LJ, McDougall CG. Endovascular management of intracranial vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):E3. PMID: 15715448.

3541: Kanaan Y, Kaneshiro D, Fraser K, Wang D, Lanzino G. Evolution of endovascular therapy for aneurysm treatment. Historical overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.2.3. PMID: 15715447.

3542: Arthur AS, Wilson SA, Dixit S, Barr JD. Hydrogel-coated coils for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms: preliminary results. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Feb 15;18(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.2.2. PMID: 15715446.

3543: Grubb RL Jr, Powers WJ, Derdeyn CP, Adams HP Jr, Clarke WR. The Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Mar 15;14(3):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.3.10. PMID: 15709726.

3544: Tummala RP, Chu RM, Nussbaum ES. Extracranial-intracranial bypass for symptomatic occlusive cerebrovascular disease not amenable to carotid endarterectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Mar 15;14(3):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.3.9. PMID: 15709725.

3545: Melgar MA, Weinand ME. Thyrocervical trunk-external carotid artery bypass for positional cerebral ischemia due to common carotid artery occlusion. Report of three cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Mar 15;14(3):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.3.8. PMID: 15709724.

3546: Feiz-Erfan I, Han PP, Spetzler RF, Lanzino G, Ferreira MA, Gonzalez LF, Porter RW. Salvage of advanced squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck: internal carotid artery sacrifice and extracranial-intracranial revascularization. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Mar 15;14(3):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.3.7. PMID: 15709723.

3547: Dare AO, Gibbons KJ, Gillihan MD, Guterman LR, Loree TR, Hicks WL Jr. Hypotensive endovascular test occlusion of the carotid artery in head and neck cancer. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Mar 15;14(3):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.3.6. PMID: 15709722.

3548: O'Shaughnessy BA, Salehi SA, Mindea SA, Batjer HH. Selective cerebral revascularization as an adjunct in the treatment of giant anterior circulation aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Mar 15;14(3):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.3.5. PMID: 15709721.

3549: Liu JK, Kan P, Karwande SV, Couldwell WT. Conduits for cerebrovascular bypass and lessons learned from the cardiovascular experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Mar 15;14(3):e3. PMID: 15709720.

3550: Liu JK, Couldwell WT. Interpositional carotid artery bypass strategies in the surgical management of aneurysms and tumors of the skull base. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Mar 15;14(3):e2. PMID: 15709719.

3551: Friedman JA, Piepgras DG. Current neurosurgical indications for saphenous vein graft bypass. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Mar 15;14(3):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.3.2. PMID: 15709718.

3552: Abdullah JM, Zainuddin N, Sulong S, Jaafar H, Isa MN. Molecular genetic analysis of phosphatase and tensin homolog and p16 tumor suppressor genes in patients with malignant glioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Apr 15;14(4):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.4.6. PMID: 15679305.

3553: Fandino J, Siegel AM, Laeng RH, Yaşargil MG. De novo cerebellar medulloblastoma in a 26-year recurrence-free case of temporal glioblastoma multiforme. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Apr 15;14(4):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.4.5. PMID: 15679304.

3554: Raksin PB, Alperin N, Sivaramakrishnan A, Surapaneni S, Lichtor T. Noninvasive intracranial compliance and pressure based on dynamic magnetic resonance imaging of blood flow and cerebrospinal fluid flow: review of principles, implementation, and other noninvasive approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Apr 15;14(4):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.4.4. PMID: 15679303.

3555: Mack WJ, King RG, Ducruet AF, Kreiter K, Mocco J, Maghoub A, Mayer S, Connolly ES Jr. Intracranial pressure following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: monitoring practices and outcome data. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Apr 15;14(4):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.4.3. PMID: 15679302.

3556: Hlatky R, Valadka AB, Robertson CS. Intracranial hypertension and cerebral ischemia after severe traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Apr 15;14(4):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.4.2. PMID: 15679301.

3557: Sheehan JP, Kondziolka D, Flickinger J, Lunsford LD. Radiosurgery for nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.10. PMID: 15669820.

3558: Levivier M, Lorenzoni J, Massager N, Ruiz S, Devriendt D, Brotchi J. Use of the Leksell gamma knife C with automatic positioning system for the treatment of meningioma and vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.9. PMID: 15669819.

3559: Liu JK, Forman S, Moorthy CR, Benzil DL. Update on treatment modalities for optic nerve sheath meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e7. PMID: 15669818.

3560: Chin LS, Szerlip NJ, Regine WF. Stereotactic radiosurgery for meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.7. PMID: 15669817.

3561: Torres RC, Frighetto L, De Salles AA, Goss B, Medin P, Solberg T, Ford JM, Selch M. Radiosurgery and stereotactic radiotherapy for intracranial meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.6. PMID: 15669816.

3562: Pollock BE. Stereotactic radiosurgery for intracranial meningiomas: indications and results. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.5. PMID: 15669815.

3563: Litvack ZN, Norén G, Chougule PB, Zheng Z. Preservation of functional hearing after gamma knife surgery for vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.4. PMID: 15669814.

3564: Friedman WA, Foote KD. Linear accelerator-based radiosurgery for vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.3. PMID: 15669813.

3565: Gerszten PC, Ozhasoglu C, Burton SA, Vogel WJ, Atkins BA, Kalnicki S, Welch WC. CyberKnife frameless single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery for benign tumors of the spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e16. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.17. PMID: 15669812.

3566: Hadjipanayis CG, Kondziolka D, Flickinger JC, Lunsford LD. The role of stereotactic radiosurgery for low-grade astrocytomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e15. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.16. PMID: 15669811.

3567: Chang SD, Sakamoto GT. The role of radiosurgery for hemangiopericytomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.15. PMID: 15669810.

3568: Kobayashi T, Kida Y, Hasegawa T. Long-term results of gamma knife surgery for craniopharyngioma. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.14. PMID: 15669809.

3569: Jane JA Jr, Vance ML, Woodburn CJ, Laws ER Jr. Stereotactic radiosurgery for hypersecreting pituitary tumors: part of a multimodality approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.13. PMID: 15669808.

3570: Liu JK, Schmidt MH, MacDonald JD, Jensen RL, Couldwell WT. Hypophysial transposition (hypophysopexy) for radiosurgical treatment of pituitary tumors involving the cavernous sinus. Technical note. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e11. PMID: 15669807.

3571: Witt TC. Stereotactic radiosurgery for pituitary tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.11. PMID: 15669806.

3572: Kondziolka D, Lunsford LD, Flickinger JC. Comparison of management options for patients with acoustic neuromas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 May 15;14(5):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.5.2. PMID: 15669805.

3573: Moschettoni L, Menniti A, Liccardo G, Lunardi P. Spinal epidural abscess complicating chemotherapy in patients with leukemia. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jan 15;18(1):ecp1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.1.11. PMID: 15669804.

3574: Tummala RP, Başkaya MK, Heros RC. Contemporary management of incidental intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jan 15;18(1):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.1.10. PMID: 15669803.

3575: Ecker RD, Donovan MT, Hopkins LN. Endovascular management of carotid artery disease after radiation therapy and radical neck dissection. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jan 15;18(1):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.1.9. PMID: 15669802.

3576: Koebbe CJ, Liebman K, Veznedaroglu E, Rosenwasser R. Carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement for recurrent stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jan 15;18(1):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.1.8. PMID: 15669801.

3577: Gupta R, Horowitz M, Jovin TG. Hemodynamic instability after carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement: a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jan 15;18(1):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.1.7. PMID: 15669800.

3578: Komotar RJ, Mocco J, Wilson DA, Connolly ES Jr, Lavine SD, Meyers PM. Current endovascular treatment options for intracranial carotid artery atherosclerosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jan 15;18(1):e5. PMID: 15669799.

3579: Komotar RJ, Mocco J, Wilson DA, Connolly ES Jr, Lavine SD, Meyers PM. The natural history of intracranial carotid artery atherosclerosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jan 15;18(1):e4. PMID: 15669798.

3580: Levy EI, Ecker RD, Thompson JJ, Rosella PA, Hanel RA, Guterman LR, Hopkins LN. Toward clinical equipoise: the current case for carotid angioplasty and stent placement. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jan 15;18(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.1.4. PMID: 15669797.

3581: Das S, Bendok BR, Getch CC, Awad IA, Batjer HH. Update on current registries and trials of carotid artery angioplasty and stent placement. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jan 15;18(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.1.3. PMID: 15669796.

3582: Kadkhodayan Y, Derdeyn CP, Cross DT 3rd, Moran CJ. Procedure complications of carotid angioplasty and stent placement without cerebral protection devices. Neurosurg Focus. 2005 Jan 15;18(1):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2005.18.1.2. PMID: 15669795.

3583: Suhardja A, Agur AM, Cusimano MD. Anatomical basis of approaches to foramen magnum and lower clival meningiomas: comparison of retrosigmoid and transcondylar approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.9. PMID: 15669794.

3584: Oghalai JS, Jackler RK. Anatomy of the combined retrolabyrinthine-middle fossa craniotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.8. PMID: 15669793.

3585: Liu JK, Gottfried ON, Couldwell WT. Surgical management of posterior petrous meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.7. PMID: 15669792.

3586: Chi JH, McDermott MW. Tuberculum sellae meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.6. PMID: 15669791.

3587: Tobias S, Kim CH, Kosmorsky G, Lee JH. Management of surgical clinoidal meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.5. PMID: 15669790.

3588: Hentschel SJ, DeMonte F. Olfactory groove meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.4. PMID: 15669789.

3589: Heth JA, Al-Mefty O. Cavernous sinus meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.3. PMID: 15669788.

3590: Gottfried ON, Gluf W, Quinones-Hinojosa A, Kan P, Schmidt MH. Spinal meningiomas: surgical management and outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.2. PMID: 15669787.

3591: Quinones-Hinojosa A, Chang EF, McDermott MW. Falcotentorial meningiomas: clinical, neuroimaging, and surgical features in six patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.11. PMID: 15669786.

3592: Boulton MR, Cusimano MD. Foramen magnum meningiomas: concepts, classifications, and nuances. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.10. PMID: 15669785.

3593: Misra SN, Morgan HW. Avoidance of structural pitfalls in spinal meningioma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jun 15;14(6):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.14.6.1. PMID: 15669784.

3594: Kara NN. Spinal congenital dermal sinus associated with upper thoracic meningocele. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):2 p following E10. PMID: 15643723.

3595: German JW, Kellie SM, Pai MP, Turner PT. Treatment of a chronic Scedosporium apiospermum vertebral osteomyelitis. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.9. PMID: 15636579.

3596: Schnepper GD, Johnson WD. Recurrent spinal hydatidosis in North America. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.8. PMID: 15636578.

3597: Lee MC, Wang MY, Fessler RG, Liauw J, Kim DH. Instrumentation in patients with spinal infection. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.7. PMID: 15636577.

3598: Walker DH, Mummaneni P, Rodts GE Jr. Infected vertebroplasty. Report of two cases and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.6. PMID: 15636576.

3599: Ogden AT, Kaiser MG. Single-stage debridement and instrumentation for pyogenic spinal infections. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.5. PMID: 15636575.

3600: Hsieh PC, Wienecke RJ, O'Shaughnessy BA, Koski TR, Ondra SL. Surgical strategies for vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural abscess. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.4. PMID: 15636574.

3601: Mann S, Schütze M, Sola S, Piek J. Nonspecific pyogenic spondylodiscitis: clinical manifestations, surgical treatment, and outcome in 24 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.3. PMID: 15636573.

3602: Acosta FL Jr, Chin CT, Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Ames CP, Weinstein PR, Chou D. Diagnosis and management of adult pyogenic osteomyelitis of the cervical spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.2. PMID: 15636572.

3603: Johnson JP, Lauryssen C, Cambron HO, Pashman R, Regan JJ, Anand N, Bray R. Sagittal alignment and the Bryan cervical artificial disc. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.14. PMID: 15636571.

3604: Schütze M, Piek J. Paracervical abscesses as life-threatening complications of outpatient pain treatment. Report of three cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.13. PMID: 15636570.

3605: Parkinson JF, Sekhon LH. Spinal epidural abscess: appearance on magnetic resonance imaging as a guide to surgical management. Report of five cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.12. PMID: 15636569.

3606: Barnes B, Alexander JT, Branch CL Jr. Cervical osteomyelitis: a brief review. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.11. PMID: 15636568.

3607: Wu AS, Griebel RW, Meguro K, Fourney DR. Spinal subdural empyema after a dural tear. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.10. PMID: 15636567.

3608: Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Jun P, Jacobs R, Rosenberg WS, Weinstein PR. General principles in the medical and surgical management of spinal infections: a multidisciplinary approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Dec 15;17(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.6.1. PMID: 15636566.

3609: Duggal N, Pickett GE, Mitsis DK, Keller JL. Early clinical and biomechanical results following cervical arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.3.9. PMID: 15636565.

3610: Sekhon LH. Cervical arthroplasty in the management of spondylotic myelopathy: 18-month results. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.3.8. PMID: 15636564.

3611: DiAngelo DJ, Foley KT, Morrow BR, Schwab JS, Song J, German JW, Blair E. In vitro biomechanics of cervical disc arthroplasty with the ProDisc-C total disc implant. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):E7. PMID: 15636563.

3612: Porchet F, Metcalf NH. Clinical outcomes with the Prestige II cervical disc: preliminary results from a prospective randomized clinical trial. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.3.6. PMID: 15636562.

3613: Pickett GE, Mitsis DK, Sekhon LH, Sears WR, Duggal N. Effects of a cervical disc prosthesis on segmental and cervical spine alignment. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.3.5. PMID: 15636561.

3614: DiAngelo DJ, Foley KT. An improved biomechanical testing protocol for evaluating spinal arthroplasty and motion preservation devices in a multilevel human cadaveric cervical model. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):E4. PMID: 15636560.

3615: Smith HE, Wimberley DW, Vaccaro AR. Cervical arthroplasty: material properties. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.3.3. PMID: 15636559.

3616: Oskouian RJ, Whitehill R, Samii A, Shaffrey ME, Johnson JP, Shaffrey CI. The future of spinal arthroplasty: a biomaterial perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.3.2. PMID: 15636558.

3617: Robertson JT, Metcalf NH. Long-term outcome after implantation of the Prestige I disc in an end-stage indication: 4-year results from a pilot study. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.3.10. PMID: 15636557.

3618: Le H, Thongtrangan I, Kim DH. Historical review of cervical arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Sep 15;17(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.3.1. PMID: 15636556.

3619: Aslanabadi S, Azhough R, Motlagh PS, Hadidchi S, Tabrizi AD, Zonouzy KK. Intramedullary spinal cord ganglioglioma presenting with abnormal abdominal wall movement. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Oct 15;17(4):ECP2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.4.8. PMID: 15633994.

3620: Gottfried ON, Gluf WM, Schmidt MH. Cavernous hemangioma of the skull presenting with subdural hematoma. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Oct 15;17(4):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.4.7. PMID: 15633993.

3621: Rosner MK, Kuklo TR, Tawk R, Moquin R, Ondra SL. Prophylactic placement of an inferior vena cava filter in high-risk patients undergoing spinal reconstruction. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Oct 15;17(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.4.6. PMID: 15633992.

3622: Barnes B, Alexander JT, Branch CL Jr. Postoperative Level 1 anticoagulation therapy and spinal surgery: practical guidelines for management. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Oct 15;17(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.4.5. PMID: 15633991.

3623: Smith SF, Simpson JM, Sekhon LH. Prophylaxis for deep venous thrombosis in neurosurgical oncology: review of 2779 admissions over a 9-year period. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Oct 15;17(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.4.4. PMID: 15633990.

3624: Auguste KI, Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Berger MS. Efficacy of mechanical prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism in patients with brain tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Oct 15;17(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.4.3. PMID: 15633989.

3625: Danish SF, Burnett MG, Stein SC. Prophylaxis for deep venous thrombosis in patients with craniotomies: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Oct 15;17(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.4.2. PMID: 15633988.

3626: Browd SR, Ragel BT, Davis GE, Scott AM, Skalabrin EJ, Couldwell WT. Prophylaxis for deep venous thrombosis in neurosurgery: a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Oct 15;17(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.4.1. PMID: 15633987.

3627: Ghinea N, van Gelder JM. A probabilistic and interactive decision-analysis system for unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.9. PMID: 15633986.

3628: Cheong JJ, Ghinea N, van Gelder JM. Estimating the annual rate of de novo multiple aneurysms: three statistical approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.8. PMID: 15633985.

3629: Khurana VG, Meissner I, Meyer FB. Update on genetic evidence for rupture- prone compared with rupture-resistant intracranial saccular aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.7. PMID: 15633984.

3630: da Costa LB, Gunnarsson T, Wallace MC. Unruptured intracranial aneurysms: natural history and management decisions. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.6. PMID: 15633983.

3631: Chen PR, Frerichs K, Spetzler R. Current treatment options for unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E5. PMID: 15633982.

3632: Ecker RD, Hopkins LN. Natural history of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.4. PMID: 15633981.

3633: Mocco J, Komotar RJ, Lavine SD, Meyers PM, Connolly ES, Solomon RA. The natural history of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.3. PMID: 15633980.

3634: Zipfel GJ, Dacey RG. Update on the management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.2. PMID: 15633979.

3635: Liu JK, Gottfried ON, Amini A, Couldwell WT. Aneurysms of the petrous internal carotid artery: anatomy, origins, and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.13. PMID: 15633978.

3636: Auguste KI, Ware ML, Lawton MT. Nonsaccular aneurysms of the azygos anterior cerebral artery. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.12. PMID: 15633977.

3637: Ponce FA, Albuquerque FC, McDougall CG, Han PP, Zabramski JM, Spetzler RF. Combined endovascular and microsurgical management of giant and complex unruptured aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.11. PMID: 15633976.

3638: Jabbour P, Koebbe C, Veznedaroglu E, Benitez RP, Rosenwasser R. Stent- assisted coil placement for unruptured cerebral aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.10. PMID: 15633975.

3639: Chen PR, Frerichs K, Spetzler R. Natural history and general management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15;17(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.5.1. PMID: 15633974.

3640: Rosen CL. Meningiomas: the role of preoperative angiography and embolization. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):1 p following ECP4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.6.8. PMID: 15376362.

3641: Kara NN. Spinal congenital dermal sinus associated with upper thoracic meningocele. Case Report. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):ECP2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.13. PMID: 15355015.

3642: Yoo YM, Kim YJ, Lee U, Paik DJ, Yoo HT, Park CW, Kim YB, Lee SG, Kim WK, Yoo CJ. Neurotrophic factor in the treatment of Parkinson disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.12. PMID: 15355014.

3643: Lozier AP, Bruce JN. Meningiomas of the velum interpositum: surgical considerations. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.11. PMID: 15355013.

3644: Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT. Meningiomas: the role of preoperative angiography and embolization. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.10. PMID: 15355012.

3645: O'Shaughnessy BA, Getch CC, Bendok BR, Batjer HH. Surgical management of unruptured posterior carotid artery wall aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.9. PMID: 15355011.

3646: Vitaz TW, Marx W, Victor JD, Gutin PH. Comparison of conscious sedation and general anesthesia for motor mapping and resection of tumors located near motor cortex. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.8. PMID: 15355010.

3647: Schiffbauer H, Berger MS, Ferrari P, Freudenstein D, Rowley HA, Roberts TP. Preoperative magnetic source imaging for brain tumor surgery: a quantitative comparison with intraoperative sensory and motor mapping. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.7. PMID: 15355009.

3648: Rutten GJ, Ramsey N, Noordmans HJ, Willems P, van Rijen P, Berkelbach van der Sprenkel JW, Viergever M, van Veelen C. Toward functional neuronavigation: implementation of functional magnetic resonance imaging data in a surgical guidance system for intraoperative identification of motor and language cortices. Technical note and illustrative case. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.6. PMID: 15355008.

3649: Krieger MD, Blüml S, McComb JG. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of atypical diffuse pontine masses. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.5. PMID: 15355007.

3650: DaSilva AF, Tuch DS, Wiegell MR, Hadjikhani N. A primer on diffusion tensor imaging of anatomical substructures. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.4. PMID: 15355006.

3651: Nowinski WL, Thirunavuukarasuu A. A locus-driven mechanism for rapid and automated atlas-assisted analysis of functional images by using the Brain Atlas for Functional Imaging. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.3. PMID: 15355005.

3652: Pouratian N, Sheth S, Bookheimer SY, Martin NA, Toga AW. Applications and limitations of perfusion-dependent functional brain mapping for neurosurgical guidance. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.2. PMID: 15355004.

3653: Kim PE, Singh M. Functional magnetic resonance imaging for brain mapping in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jul 15;15(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.1.1. PMID: 15355003.

3654: Acosta FL Jr, Quinones-Hinojosa A, Schmidt MH, Weinstein PR. Diagnosis and management of sacral Tarlov cysts. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E15. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.15. PMID: 15350046.

3655: Deutsch H, Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Rodts GE, Ondra SL. Benign sacral tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.14. PMID: 15350045.

3656: Randall RL. Giant cell tumor of the sacrum. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.13. PMID: 15350044.

3657: Klimo P Jr, Rao G, Schmidt RH, Schmidt MH. Nerve sheath tumors involving the sacrum. Case report and classification scheme. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.12. PMID: 15350043.

3658: Pluta RM, Wait SD, Butman JA, Leppig KA, Vortmeyer AO, Oldfield EH, Lonser RR. Sacral hemangioblastoma in a patient with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.11. PMID: 15350042.

3659: Liu JK, Kan P, Schmidt MH. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting as a sacral tumor. Report of two cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.10. PMID: 15350041.

3660: Fourney DR, Gokaslan ZL. Current management of sacral chordoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.9. PMID: 15350040.

3661: Gibbs IC, Chang SD. Radiosurgery and radiotherapy for sacral tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.8. PMID: 15350039.

3662: Gerszten PC, Ozhasoglu C, Burton SA, Welch WC, Vogel WJ, Atkins BA, Kalnicki S. CyberKnife frameless single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery for tumors of the sacrum. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.7. PMID: 15350038.

3663: Mindea SA, Salehi SA, Ganju A, Rosner MK, O'Shaughnessy BA, Jorge A, Ondra SL. Lumbosacropelvic junction reconstruction resulting in early ambulation for patients with lumbosacral neoplasms or osteomyelitis. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.6. PMID: 15350037.

3664: Zhang HY, Thongtrangan I, Balabhadra RS, Murovic JA, Kim DH. Surgical techniques for total sacrectomy and spinopelvic reconstruction. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.5. PMID: 15350036.

3665: Gottfried ON, Schmidt MH, Stevens EA. Embolization of sacral tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.4. PMID: 15350035.

3666: Cheng JS, Song JK. Anatomy of the sacrum. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.3. PMID: 15350034.

3667: Manaster BJ, Graham T. Imaging of sacral tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.2. PMID: 15350033.

3668: Payer M. Neurological manifestation of sacral tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Aug 15;15(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.2.1. PMID: 15350032.

3669: Naderi S, Acar F, Mertol T. Is spinal instrumentation a risk factor for late-onset infection in cases of distant infection or surgery? Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E15. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.15. PMID: 15347233.

3670: Beiner JM, Grauer J, Kwon BK, Vaccaro AR. Postoperative wound infections of the spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.14. PMID: 15347232.

3671: Misra SN, Morgan HW, Sedler R. Lumbar myofascial flap for pseudomeningocele repair. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.13. PMID: 15347231.

3672: Le H, Sandhu FA, Fessler RG. Clinical outcomes after minimal-access surgery for recurrent lumbar disc herniation. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.12. PMID: 15347230.

3673: Isaacs RE, Podichetty V, Fessler RG. Microendoscopic discectomy for recurrent disc herniations. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.11. PMID: 15347229.

3674: Swartz KR, Trost GR. Recurrent lumbar disc herniation. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.10. PMID: 15347228.

3675: Ondra SL, Marzouk S. Revision strategies for lumbar pseudarthrosis. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.9. PMID: 15347227.

3676: Wiggins GC, Ondra SL, Shaffrey CI. Management of iatrogenic flat-back syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.8. PMID: 15347226.

3677: Wang MY, Green BA. Laminoplasty for the treatment of failed anterior cervical spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.7. PMID: 15347225.

3678: Azmi H, Schlenk RP. Surgery for postarthrodesis adjacent-cervical segment degeneration. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.6. PMID: 15347224.

3679: Deutsch H, Haid RW, Rodts GE, Mummaneni PV. Postlaminectomy cervical deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.5. PMID: 15347223.

3680: Thongtrangan I, Balabhadra RS, Kim DH. Management of strut graft failure in anterior cervical spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.4. PMID: 15347222.

3681: Mazzola CA, Fried AH. Revision surgery for Chiari malformation decompression. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.3. PMID: 15347221.

3682: Schlenk RP, Stewart T, Benzel EC. The biomechanics of iatrogenic spinal destabilization and implant failure. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.2. PMID: 15347220.

3683: Eichholz KM, Ryken TC. Complications of revision spinal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Sep 15;15(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.3.1. PMID: 15347219.

3684: Nakamura T, Keep RF, Hua Y, Schallert T, Hoff JT, Xi G. Deferoxamine- induced attenuation of brain edema and neurological deficits in a rat model of intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):ECP4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.4.10. PMID: 15344903.

3685: de Oliveira RS, Machado HR. Transcranial color-coded Doppler ultrasonography for evaluation of children with hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):ECP3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.4.9. PMID: 15344902.

3686: Erman T, Göçer AI, Tuna M, Erdoğan S, Zorludemir S. Malignant meningioma of the lateral ventricle. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):ECP2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.4.8. PMID: 15344901.

3687: Ng PP, Higashida RT, Cullen S, Malek R, Halbach VV, Dowd CF. Endovascular strategies for carotid cavernous and intracerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.4.7. PMID: 15344900.

3688: Bhattathiri PS, Gregson B, Prasad KS, Mitchell P, Soh C, Mitra D, Gholkar A, Mendelow AD. Reliability assessment of computerized tomography scanning measurements in intracerebral hematoma. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.4.6. PMID: 15344899.

3689: Misra SN, Misra AK. Neonatal venous cerebral hemorrhage. Report of two cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.4.5. PMID: 15344898.

3690: Abbed KM, Ogilvy CS. Intracerebral hematoma from aneurysm rupture. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.4.4. PMID: 15344897.

3691: Quinones-Hinojosa A, Gulati M, Singh V, Lawton MT. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage due to coagulation disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.4.3. PMID: 15344896.

3692: Pouratian N, Kassell NF, Dumont AS. Update on management of intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.4.2. PMID: 15344895.

3693: Fewel ME, Thompson BG Jr, Hoff JT. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15;15(4):E1. PMID: 15344894.

3694: Prabhu SS, DeMonte F. Complete resection of a complex glomus jugulare tumor with extensive venous involvement. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.12. PMID: 15329027.

3695: Lim M, Gibbs IC, Adler JR Jr, Chang SD. Efficacy and safety of stereotactic radiosurgery for glomus jugulare tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.11. PMID: 15329026.

3696: Pollock BE. Stereotactic radiosurgery in patients with glomus jugulare tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.10. PMID: 15329025.

3697: Kadri PA, Al-Mefty O. Surgical treatment of dumbbell-shaped jugular foramen schwannomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.9. PMID: 15329024.

3698: Borba LA, Ale-Bark S, London C. Surgical treatment of glomus jugulare tumors without rerouting of the facial nerve: an infralabyrinthine approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.8. PMID: 15329023.

3699: Jackson CG, Kaylie DM, Coppit G, Gardner EK. Glomus jugulare tumors with intracranial extension. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.7. PMID: 15329022.

3700: Inserra MM, Pfister M, Jackler RK. Anatomy involved in the jugular foramen approach for jugulotympanic paraganglioma resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.6. PMID: 15329021.

3701: Ramina R, Maniglia JJ, Fernandes YB, Paschoal JR, Pfeilsticker LN, Neto MC, Borges G. Jugular foramen tumors: diagnosis and treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.5. PMID: 15329020.

3702: Gottfried ON, Liu JK, Couldwell WT. Comparison of radiosurgery and conventional surgery for the treatment of glomus jugulare tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.4. PMID: 15329019.

3703: Ozveren MF, Türe U. The microsurgical anatomy of the glossopharyngeal nerve with respect to the jugular foramen lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.3. PMID: 15329018.

3704: Heth J. The basic science of glomus jugulare tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.2. PMID: 15329017.

3705: Michael LM 2nd, Robertson JH. Glomus jugulare tumors: historical overview of the management of this disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Aug 15;17(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.2.1. PMID: 15329016.

3706: Fassett DR, Schmidt MH. Lumbosacral ependymomas: a review of the management of intradural and extradural tumors. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.5.13. PMID: 15323470.

3707: Vrionis FD, Small J. Surgical management of metastatic spinal neoplasms. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.5.12. PMID: 15323469.

3708: Ryken TC, Eichholz KM, Gerszten PC, Welch WC, Gokaslan ZL, Resnick DK. Evidence-based review of the surgical management of vertebral column metastatic disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.5.11. PMID: 15323468.

3709: Ryu SI, Kim DH, Chang SD. Stereotactic radiosurgery for hemangiomas and ependymomas of the spinal cord. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.5.10. PMID: 15323467.

3710: Zileli M, Hoscoskun C, Brastianos P, Sabah D. Surgical treatment of primary sacral tumors: complications associated with sacrectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E9. PMID: 15323466.

3711: Thongtrangan I, Balabhadra RS, Le H, Park J, Kim DH. Vertebral body replacement with an expandable cage for reconstruction after spinal tumor resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.5.8. PMID: 15323465.

3712: Bohinski RJ, Rhines LD. Principles and techniques of en bloc vertebrectomy for bone tumors of the thoracolumbar spine: an overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.5.7. PMID: 15323464.

3713: Yao KC, Boriani S, Gokaslan ZL, Sundaresan N. En bloc spondylectomy for spinal metastases: a review of techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.5.6. PMID: 15323463.

3714: Zileli M, Cagli S, Basdemir G, Ersahin Y. Osteoid osteomas and osteoblastomas of the spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E5. PMID: 15323462.

3715: Liu JK, Brockmeyer DL, Dailey AT, Schmidt MH. Surgical management of aneurysmal bone cysts of the spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E4. PMID: 15323461.

3716: Le H, Balabhadra R, Park J, Kim D. Surgical treatment of tumors involving the cervicothoracic junction. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.5.3. PMID: 15323460.

3717: Liu JK, Apfelbaum RI, Chiles BW 3rd, Schmidt MH. Cervical spinal metastasis: anterior reconstruction and stabilization techniques after tumor resection. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E2. PMID: 15323459.

3718: Klimo P Jr, Kestle JR, Schmidt MH. Treatment of metastatic spinal epidural disease: a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Nov 15;15(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.5.1. PMID: 15323458.

3719: Paldino M, Mogilner AY, Tenner MS. Intracranial hypotension syndrome: a comprehensive review. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Dec 15;15(6):ECP2. PMID: 15305844.

3720: Rahimi SY, Stevens EA, Yeh DJ, Flannery AM, Choudhri HF, Lee MR. Treatment of atlantoaxial instability in pediatric patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Dec 15;15(6):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.6.7. PMID: 15305843.

3721: Couture D, Branch CL Jr. Spinal pseudomeningoceles and cerebrospinal fluid fistulas. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Dec 15;15(6):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.6.6. PMID: 15305842.

3722: Nordström CH. Assessment of critical thresholds for cerebral perfusion pressure by performing bedside monitoring of cerebral energy metabolism. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Dec 15;15(6):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.6.5. PMID: 15305841.

3723: Vespa P. What is the optimal threshold for cerebral perfusion pressure following traumatic brain injury? Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Dec 15;15(6):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.6.4. PMID: 15305840.

3724: Chambers IR, Kirkham FJ. What is the optimal cerebral perfusion pressure in children suffering from traumatic coma? Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Dec 15;15(6):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.6.3. PMID: 15305839.

3725: Young JS, Blow O, Turrentine F, Claridge JA, Schulman A. Is there an upper limit of intracranial pressure in patients with severe head injury if cerebral perfusion pressure is maintained? Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Dec 15;15(6):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.6.2. PMID: 15305838.

3726: Isa R, Wan Adnan WA, Ghazali G, Idris Z, Ghani AR, Sayuthi S, Awang MS, Ghazali MM, Naing NN, Abdullah JM. Outcome of severe traumatic brain injury: comparison of three monitoring approaches. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Dec 15;15(6):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2003.15.6.1. PMID: 15305837.

3727: Naderi S, Türe U, Pait TG. History of the spinal cord localization. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E15. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.16. PMID: 15264793.

3728: Shalayev SG, Mun IK, Mallek GS, Palmer S, Levi AD, Lasner TM, Kantrowitz AB. Retrospective analysis and modifications of retractor systems for anterior odontoid screw fixation. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E14. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.15. PMID: 15264792.

3729: Thongtrangan I, Le H, Park J, Kim DH. Minimally invasive spinal surgery: a historical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E13. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.14. PMID: 15264791.

3730: Lifshutz J, Lidar Z, Maiman D. Evolution of the lateral extracavitary approach to the spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E12. PMID: 15264790.

3731: Singh H, Rahimi SY, Yeh DJ, Floyd D. History of posterior thoracic instrumentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.12. PMID: 15264789.

3732: Omeis I, DeMattia JA, Hillard VH, Murali R, Das K. History of instrumentation for stabilization of the subaxial cervical spine. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.11. PMID: 15264788.

3733: Vender JR, Rekito AJ, Harrison SJ, McDonnell DE. The evolution of posterior cervical and occipitocervical fusion and instrumentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.10. PMID: 15264787.

3734: Moftakhar R, Trost GR. Anterior cervical plates: a historical perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.9. PMID: 15264786.

3735: Chedid KJ, Chedid MK. The “tract” of history in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.8. PMID: 15264785.

3736: Karampelas I, Boev AN 3rd, Fountas KN, Robinson JS Jr. Sciatica: a historical perspective on early views of a distinct medical syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.7. PMID: 15264784.

3737: Lifshutz J, Colohan A. A brief history of therapy for traumatic spinal cord injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E5. PMID: 15264783.

3738: Hanigan WC, Sloffer C. Nelson's wound: treatment of spinal cord injury in 19th and early 20th century military conflicts. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.5. PMID: 15264782.

3739: Deshaies EM, DiRisio D, Popp AJ. Medieval management of spinal injuries: parallels between Theodoric of Bologna and contemporary spine surgeons. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.4. PMID: 15264781.

3740: Goodrich JT. History of spine surgery in the ancient and medieval worlds. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.1.3. PMID: 15264780.

3741: McDonnell DE. History of spinal surgery: one neurosurgeon's perspective. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jan 15;16(1):E1. PMID: 15264779.

3742: Slin'ko EI, Al-Qashqish II. Intradural ventral and ventrolateral tumors of the spinal cord: surgical treatment and results. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15;17(1):ECP2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.1.9. PMID: 15264778.

3743: Kim KD, Wang JC, Robertson DP, Brodke DS, BenDebba M, Block KM, diZerega GS. Reduction of leg pain and lower-extremity weakness for 1 year with Oxiplex/SP gel following laminectomy, laminotomy, and discectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15;17(1):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.1.8. PMID: 15264777.

3744: Slavin KV, Baumann TK, Burchiel KJ. Treatment of hemiballismus with stereotactic pallidotomy. Case report and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15;17(1):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.1.7. PMID: 15264776.

3745: Alterman RL, Shils JL, Gudesblatt M, Tagliati M. Immediate and sustained relief of levodopa-induced dyskinesias after dorsal relocation of a deep brain stimulation lead. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15;17(1):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.1.6. PMID: 15264775.

3746: Kiss ZH, Doig K, Eliasziw M, Ranawaya R, Suchowersky O. The Canadian multicenter trial of pallidal deep brain stimulation for cervical dystonia: preliminary results in three patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15;17(1):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.1.5. PMID: 15264774.

3747: Starr PA, Turner RS, Rau G, Lindsey N, Heath S, Volz M, Ostrem JL, Marks WJ Jr. Microelectrode-guided implantation of deep brain stimulators into the globus pallidus internus for dystonia: techniques, electrode locations, and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15;17(1):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.1.4. PMID: 15264773.

3748: Follett KA. Comparison of pallidal and subthalamic deep brain stimulation for the treatment of levodopa-induced dyskinesias. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15;17(1):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.1.3. PMID: 15264772.

3749: Toda H, Hamani C, Lozano A. Deep brain stimulation in the treatment of dyskinesia and dystonia. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15;17(1):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.1.2. PMID: 15264771.

3750: Montgomery EB Jr. Deep brain stimulation for hyperkinetic disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15;17(1):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.17.1.1. PMID: 15264770.

3751: Turgut M. Spinal congenital dermal sinus associated with thoracic meningocele. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):1 p following ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.6.9. PMID: 15254983.

3752: Bor-Seng-Shu E, Aguiar PH, de Almeida Leme RJ, Mandel M, Andrade AF, Marino R Jr. Epidural hematomas of the posterior cranial fossa. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Feb 15;16(2):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.2.10. PMID: 15209492.

3753: Kothbauer KF, Novak K. Intraoperative monitoring for tethered cord surgery: an update. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Feb 15;16(2):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.2.1. PMID: 15209491.

3754: Hudgins RJ, Gilreath CL. Tethered spinal cord following repair of myelomeningocele. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Feb 15;16(2):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.2.8. PMID: 15209490.

3755: Yamada S, Won DJ, Yamada SM. Pathophysiology of tethered cord syndrome: correlation with symptomatology. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Feb 15;16(2):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.2.7. PMID: 15209489.

3756: Stevenson KL. Chiari Type II malformation: past, present, and future. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Feb 15;16(2):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.2.6. PMID: 15209488.

3757: Marlin AE. Management of hydrocephalus in the patient with myelomeningocele: an argument against third ventriculostomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Feb 15;16(2):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.2.5. PMID: 15209487.

3758: Gaskill SJ. Primary closure of open myelomeningocele. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Feb 15;16(2):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.2.4. PMID: 15209486.

3759: Tulipan N. Intrauterine closure of myelomeningocele: an update. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Feb 15;16(2):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.2.3. PMID: 15209485.

3760: Dias MS, Partington M. Embryology of myelomeningocele and anencephaly. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Feb 15;16(2):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.2.2. PMID: 15209484.

3761: Taşdemiroğlu E, Sengöz A, Bagatur E. Iatrogenic spondylodiscitis. Case report and review of literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):ECP1. PMID: 15202880.

3762: Bakshi A, Bakshi A, Banerji AK. Neuroendoscope-assisted evacuation of large intracerebral hematomas: introduction of a new, minimally invasive technique. Preliminary report. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.6.8. PMID: 15202879.

3763: Kostuik JP. Medicolegal consequences of cauda equina syndrome: an overview. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.6.7. PMID: 15202878.

3764: Jensen RL. Cauda equina syndrome as a postoperative complication of lumbar spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.6.6. PMID: 15202877.

3765: Thongtrangan I, Le H, Park J, Kim DH. Cauda equina syndrome in patients with low lumbar fractures. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):e6. PMID: 15202876.

3766: Ozgen S, Baykan N, Dogan IV, Konya D, Pamir MN. Cauda equina syndrome after induction of spinal anesthesia. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.6.5. PMID: 15202875.

3767: Harrop JS, Hunt GE Jr, Vaccaro AR. Conus medullaris and cauda equina syndrome as a result of traumatic injuries: management principles. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.6.4. PMID: 15202874.

3768: Bagley CA, Gokaslan ZL. Cauda equina syndrome caused by primary and metastatic neoplasms. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.6.3. PMID: 15202873.

3769: Cohen DB. Infectious origins of cauda equina syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.6.2. PMID: 15202872.

3770: Kebaish KM, Awad JN. Spinal epidural hematoma causing acute cauda equina syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):e1. PMID: 15202871.

3771: Liu JK, Gottfried ON, Cole CD, Dougherty WR, Couldwell WT. Porous polyethylene implant for cranioplasty and skull base reconstruction. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.14. PMID: 15198501.

3772: Cohen SR, Holmes RE, Meltzer HS, Levy ML, Beckett MZ. Craniofacial reconstruction with a fast resorbing polymer: a 6- to 12-month clinical follow- up review. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.13. PMID: 15198500.

3773: Coe JD. Instrumented transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with bioabsorbable polymer implants and iliac crest autograft. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.12. PMID: 15198499.

3774: Kuklo TR, Rosner MK, Polly DW Jr. Computerized tomography evaluation of a resorbable implant after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.11. PMID: 15198498.

3775: Lanman TH, Hopkins TJ. Lumbar interbody fusion after treatment with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 added to poly(L-lactide- co-D,L-lactide) bioresorbable implants. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E9. PMID: 15198497.

3776: Couture DE, Branch CL Jr. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion with bioabsorbable spacers and local autograft in a series of 27 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.9. PMID: 15198496.

3777: Vaccaro AR, Robbins MM, Madigan L, Albert TJ, Smith W, Hilibrand AS. Early findings in a pilot study of anterior cervical fusion in which bioabsorbable interbody spacers were used in the treatment of cervical degenerative disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.8. PMID: 15198495.

3778: Lanman TH, Hopkins TJ. Early findings in a pilot study of anterior cervical interbody fusion in which recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 was used with poly(L-lactide-co-D,L-lactide) bioabsorbable implants. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E6. PMID: 15198494.

3779: Cornwall GB, Ames CP, Crawford NR, Chamberlain RH, Rubino AM, Seim HB 3rd, Turner AS. In vivo evaluation of bioresorbable polylactide implants for cervical graft containment in an ovine spinal fusion model. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.6. PMID: 15198493.

3780: Lippman CR, Hajjar M, Abshire B, Martin G, Engelman RW, Cahill DW. Cervical spine fusion with bioabsorbable cages. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E4. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.5. PMID: 15198492.

3781: Krijnen MR, Smit TH, Strijkers GJ, Nicolay K, Pouwels PJ, Wuisman PI. The use of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging for monitoring interbody fusion and bioabsorbable cages: an ex vivo pilot study. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.4. PMID: 15198491.

3782: Klopp LS, Welch WC, Tai JW, Toth JM, Cornwall GB, Turner AS. Use of polylactide resorbable film as a barrier to postoperative peridural adhesion in an ovine dorsal laminectomy model. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.3. PMID: 15198490.

3783: Robbins MM, Vaccaro AR, Madigan L. The use of bioabsorbable implants in spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Mar 15;16(3):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.3.2. PMID: 15198489.

3784: Lehman RM. A review of neurophysiological testing. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):ECP1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.4.14. PMID: 15191342.

3785: Piersanti M. Growth hormone replacement for patients with adult onset growth hormone deficiency–what have we learned. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E12. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.4.13. PMID: 15191341.

3786: Fassett DR, Schmidt MH. Spinal epidural lipomatosis: a review of its causes and recommendations for treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E11. PMID: 15191340.

3787: Amini A, Schmidt MH. Syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone and hyponatremia after spinal surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.4.11. PMID: 15191339.

3788: Cole CD, Gottfried ON, Liu JK, Couldwell WT. Hyponatremia in the neurosurgical patient: diagnosis and management. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.4.10. PMID: 15191338.

3789: Fassett DR, Couldwell WT. Metastases to the pituitary gland. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E8. PMID: 15191337.

3790: Ragel BT, Couldwell WT. Pituitary carcinoma: a review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.4.8. PMID: 15191336.

3791: Verrees M, Arafah BM, Selman WR. Pituitary tumor apoplexy: characteristics, treatment, and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.4.7. PMID: 15191335.

3792: Hentschel SJ, McCutcheon IE. Stereotactic radiosurgery for Cushing disease. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.4.6. PMID: 15191334.

3793: Simard M. The biochemical investigation of Cushing syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E4. PMID: 15191333.

3794: Ezzat S. Pharmacological approach to the treatment of acromegaly. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.4.4. PMID: 15191332.

3795: Liu JK, Couldwell WT. Contemporary management of prolactinomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.4.3. PMID: 15191331.

3796: Vance ML. Treatment of patients with a pituitary adenoma: one clinician's experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Apr 15;16(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.4.2. PMID: 15191330.

3797: Binder DK, Smith JS, Barbaro NM. Primary brachial plexus tumors: imaging, surgical, and pathological findings in 25 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E11. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.5.12. PMID: 15174831.

3798: Cohen-Gadol AA, Krauss WE, Spinner RJ. Delayed central nervous system superficial siderosis following brachial plexus avulsion injury. Report of three cases. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E10. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.5.11. PMID: 15174830.

3799: van der Sluijs JA, van Ouwerkerk WJ, Manoliu RA, Wuisman PI. Secondary deformities of the shoulder in infants with an obstetrical brachial plexus lesions considered for neurosurgical treatment. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E9. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.5.10. PMID: 15174829.

3800: Barrie KA, Steinmann SP, Shin AY, Spinner RJ, Bishop AT. Gracilis free muscle transfer for restoration of function after complete brachial plexus avulsion. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E8. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.5.9. PMID: 15174828.

3801: Carlstedt T, Anand P, Htut M, Misra P, Svensson M. Restoration of hand function and so called “breathing arm” after intraspinal repair of C5-T1 brachial plexus avulsion injury. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E7. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.5.8. PMID: 15174827.

3802: Ferraresi S, Garozzo D, Buffatti P. Reinnervation of the biceps in C5-7 brachial plexus avulsion injuries: results after distal bypass surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E6. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.5.7. PMID: 15174826.

3803: Midha R. Nerve transfers for severe brachial plexus injuries: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E5. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.5.6. PMID: 15174825.

3804: Kim DH, Murovic JA, Tiel RL, Kline DG. Infraclavicular brachial plexus stretch injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E4. PMID: 15174824.

3805: Kim DH, Murovic JA, Tiel RL, Kline DG. Penetrating injuries due to gunshot wounds involving the brachial plexus. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E3. PMID: 15174823.

3806: Kim DH, Murovic JA, Tiel RL, Kline DG. Mechanisms of injury in operative brachial plexus lesions. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E2. PMID: 15174822.

3807: Burnett MG, Zager EL. Pathophysiology of peripheral nerve injury: a brief review. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 May 15;16(5):E1. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.5.2. PMID: 15174821.

3808: Kostuik JP. Cauda equina syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun;16(6):1-2. doi: 10.3171/foc.2004.16.6.1. PMID: 27782760.

3809: Harter DH, Doherty PF, Chin LS. Current concepts of apoptosis. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Sep 15;3(3):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.3.9. PMID: 15104418.

3810: Lazio BE, Chin LS. Growth factors in central nervous system development and tumorigenesis. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Sep 15;3(3):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.3.8. PMID: 15104417.

3811: Litofsky NS, Recht LD. The impact of p53 tumor suppressor gene on glioma biology. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Sep 15;3(3):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.3.7. PMID: 15104416.

3812: Thomas JE. Molecular biological considerations in cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Sep 15;3(3):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.3.6. PMID: 15104415.

3813: Tang G, Chiocca A. Gene transfer and delivery in central nervous system disease. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Sep 15;3(3):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.3.5. PMID: 15104414.

3814: Chin LS, Singh SK, Eisenberg HM. Cell and molecular biology for neurosurgeons (or everything you wanted to know about molecular biology but were afraid to download). Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Sep 15;3(3):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.3.4. PMID: 15104413.

3815: Wanebo JE, Louis HG, Arthur AS, Zhou J, Kassell NF, Lee KS, Helm GA. Attenuation of cerebral vasospasm by systemic administration of an endothelin-A receptor antagonist, TBC 11251, in a rabbit model of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Oct 15;3(4):ARTICLE. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.4.9. PMID: 15104411.

3816: Macdonald RL, Weir B, Zhang J, Marton LS, Sajdak M, Johns LM. Adenosine triphosphate and hemoglobin in vasospastic monkeys. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Oct 15;3(4):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.4.6. PMID: 15104409.

3817: Cappelletto B, Caner HH, Schottler F, Kwan AL, Eveleth D, Foley PL, Kassell NF, Lee KS. Attenuation of vasospasm and hemoglobin-induced constriction in the rabbit basilar artery by a novel protease inhibitor. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Oct 15;3(4):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.4.5. PMID: 15104408.

3818: Savitz MH. Soft disc herniation in patients with lumbar stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Aug 15;3(2):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.6.8. PMID: 15104425.

3819: Jane JA Jr, DiPierro CG, Helm GA, Shaffrey CI, Jane JA Sr. Acquired lumbar stenosis: topic review and a case series. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Aug 15;3(2):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.2.3. PMID: 15104424.

3820: Coric D, Branch CL Jr. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of symptomatic spinal stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Aug 15;3(2):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.2.11. PMID: 15104423.

3821: Detwiler PW, Marciano FF, Porter RW, Sonntag VK. Lumbar stenosis: indications for fusion with and without instrumentation. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Aug 15;3(2):e4; discussion 1 p following e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.2.7. PMID: 15104422.

3822: Caputy AJ, Spence CA, Bejjani GK, Luessenhop AJ. The role of spinal fusion in surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Aug 15;3(2):e3; discussion 1 p following e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.2.6. PMID: 15104421.

3823: Fox MW, Onofrio BM. Indications for fusion following decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Aug 15;3(2):e2; discussion 1 p following e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.2.5. PMID: 15104420.

3824: Epstein NE. Surgical management of lumbar stenosis: decompression and indications for fusion. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Aug 15;3(2):e1; discussion 1 p following e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.2.4. PMID: 15104419.

3825: Laws ER Jr. Referral guidelines: carpal tunnel syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jul 15;3(1):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.2.12. PMID: 15099048.

3826: Henkin P, Friedman AH. Complications in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jul 15;3(1):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.4.11. PMID: 15099047.

3827: Pagnanelli DM, Barrer SJ. Outcome of carpal tunnel release surgery in patients with diabetes. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jul 15;3(1):e9. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.4.10. PMID: 15099046.

3828: Degnan GG. Postoperative management following carpal tunnel release surgery: principles of rehabilitation. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jul 15;3(1):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.6.9. PMID: 15099045.

3829: Jimenez DF, Gibbs SR, Clapper AT. Endoscopic treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: a critical review. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jul 15;3(1):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.1.9. PMID: 15099044.

3830: Piccirilli CB, Shaffrey CI, Young JN, Lovell LR. Two-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release surgery: report of early experience. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jul 15;3(1):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.1.8. PMID: 15099043.

3831: Rabb CH, Kuether T. Initial experience with endoscopic carpal tunnel release surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jul 15;3(1):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.1.7. PMID: 15099042.

3832: Shapiro S. Microsurgical carpal tunnel release. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jul 15;3(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.1.6. PMID: 15099041.

3833: Phillips LH 2nd, Juel VC. The role of electrodiagnostic testing in carpal tunnel syndrome. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jul 15;3(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.1.5. PMID: 15099040.

3834: Friedman AH. Surgical anatomy of the carpal tunnel. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jul 15;3(1):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.3.1.4. PMID: 15099039.

3835: Rubio G, Guijo CG, Baez JM. Facial nerve palsy produced by plasma cell granuloma. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jun 15;2(6):1 p following e5. PMID: 15099053.

3836: Zlokovic BV. Antithrombotic, procoagulant, and fibrinolytic mechanisms in cerebral circulation: implications for brain injury and protection. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jun 15;2(6):e5. PMID: 15099052.

3837: Lavine SD, Masri LS, Levy ML, Giannotta SL. Temporary occlusion of the middle cerebral artery in intracranial aneurysm surgery: time limitation and advantage of brain protection. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jun 15;2(6):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.1.5. PMID: 15099051.

3838: Gao E, Young WL, Pile-Spellman J, Ornstein E, Ma Q. Deliberate systemic hypotension to facilitate endovascular therapy of cerebral arteriovenous malformations: a computer modeling study. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jun 15;2(6):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.6.6. PMID: 15099050.

3839: Heine J, Scheinichen D, Jaeger K, Emmendoerffer A, Leuwer M. Inhibition of neutrophil respiratory burst and chemotaxis in vitro by thiopentone but not methohexitone. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jun 15;2(6):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.6.4. PMID: 15099049.

3840: Hatton J, Rapp RP, Kudsk KA, Brown RO, Luer MS, Bukar JG, Chen SA, McClain CJ, Gesundheit N, Dempsey RJ, Young B. Intravenous insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in moderate-to-severe head injury: a Phase II safety and efficacy trial. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 May 15;2(5):ECP1; discussion 1 p following ECP1. PMID: 15096005.

3841: Wirtz CR, Steiner T, Aschoff A, Schwab S, Schnippering H, Steiner HH, Hacke W, Kunze S. Hemicraniectomy with dural augmentation in medically uncontrollable hemispheric infarction. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 May 15;2(5):E3; discussion 1 p following E3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.5.7. PMID: 15096004.

3842: Hoffman WE, Charbel FT, Edelman G, Ausman JI. Brain tissue acid-base changes during ischemia. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 May 15;2(5):E2; discussion 1 p following E2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.5.5. PMID: 15096003.

3843: Rawanduzy A, Hansen A, Hansen TW, Nedergaard M. Effective reduction of infarct volume by gap junction blockade in a rodent model of stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 May 15;2(5):E1; discussion 1 p following E1. PMID: 15096002.

3844: Engelhard HH. Current status of radiation therapy and radiosurgery in the treatment of intracranial meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Apr 15;2(4):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.4.9. PMID: 15096009.

3845: Vukovich TC, Gabriel A, Schaefer B, Veitl M, Matula C, Spiss CK. Hemostasis activation in patients undergoing brain tumor surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Apr 15;2(4):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.4.8. PMID: 15096008.

3846: Palma L, Celli P, Franco C, Cervoni L, Cantore G. Long-term prognosis for atypical and malignant meningiomas: a study of 71 surgical cases. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Apr 15;2(4):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.4.6. PMID: 15096007.

3847: Lefkowitz MA, Hinton DR, Weiss MH, Giannotta SL, Couldwell WT. Prognostic variables in surgery for skull base meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Apr 15;2(4):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.4.5. PMID: 15096006.

3848: Young RF, Shumway-Cook A, Vermeulen SS, Grimm P, Blasko J, Posewitz A. Gamma knife radiosurgery as a lesioning technique in movement disorder surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Mar 15;2(3):e11. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.4.12. PMID: 15096017.

3849: Tronnier VM, Fogel W, Kronenbuerger M, Steinvorth S. Pallidal stimulation: an alternative to pallidotomy? Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Mar 15;2(3):e10. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.5.10. PMID: 15096016.

3850: Kim R, Alterman R, Kelly PJ, Fazzini E, Eidelberg D, Beric A, Sterio D. Efficacy of bilateral pallidotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Mar 15;2(3):e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.6.9. PMID: 15096015.

3851: Riordan HJ, Flashman LA, Roberts DW. Neurocognitive and psychosocial correlates of ventroposterolateral pallidotomy surgery in Parkinson's disease. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Mar 15;2(3):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.6.8. PMID: 15096014.

3852: Iacono RP, Carlson JD, Kuniyoshi S, Mohamed A, Meltzer C, Yamada S. Contemporaneous bilateral pallidotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Mar 15;2(3):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.3.8. PMID: 15096013.

3853: Bonaroti EA, Rose RD, Kondziolka D, Baser S, Lunsford LD. Flash visual evoked potential monitoring of optic tract function during macroelectrode-based pallidotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Mar 15;2(3):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.3.7. PMID: 15096012.

3854: Burns JM, Wilkinson S, Overman J, Kieltyka J, Lundsgaarde T, Tollefson T, Koller WC, Pahwa R, Tröster AI, Lyons KE, Batnitzky S, Wetzel L, Gordon MA. Magnetic resonance image evaluation of pallidotomy lesions: a volumetric and shape analysis. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Mar 15;2(3):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.3.6. PMID: 15096011.

3855: Taha JM, Favre J, Baumann TK, Burchiel KJ. Tremor control after pallidotomy in patients with Parkinson's disease: correlation with microrecording findings. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Mar 15;2(3):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.3.5. PMID: 15096010.

3856: Carson BS, James CS, VanderKolk CA, Guarnieri M. Lambdoid synostosis and occipital plagiocephaly: clinical decision rules for surgical intervention. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Feb 15;2(2):e5; discussion 1 p following e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.2.11. PMID: 15096021.

3857: Lin KY, Polin RS, Gampper T, Jane JA. Occipital flattening in the infant skull. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Feb 15;2(2):e4; disscussion 1 p following e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.2.9. PMID: 15096020.

3858: Moss SD. Nonsurgical, nonorthotic treatment of occipital plagiocephaly: what is the natural history of the misshapen neonatal head? Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Feb 15;2(2):e3; discussion 1 p following e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.2.7. PMID: 15096019.

3859: Pomatto JK, Littlefield TR, Manwaring K, Beals SP. Etiology of positional plagiocephaly in triplets and treatment using a dynamic orthotic cranioplasty device. Report of three cases. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Feb 15;2(2):e2; discussion 1 p following e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.2.5. PMID: 15096018.

3860: Foroohar M, Herman M, Heller S, Levy RM. Radiofrequency trigeminal rhizolysis for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia secondary to brainstem infarction. Report of two cases. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jan 15;2(1):e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.5.6. PMID: 15096027.

3861: Kanpolat Y, Savas A, Caglar S, Akyar S. Computerized tomography-guided percutaneous extralemniscal myelotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jan 15;2(1):e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.1.6. PMID: 15096026.

3862: Kanpolat Y, Savas A, Caglar S, Temiz C, Akyar S. Computerized tomography- guided percutaneous bilateral selective cordotomy. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jan 15;2(1):e4. PMID: 15096025.

3863: North RB, Lanning A, Hessels R, Cutchis PN. Spinal cord stimulation with percutaneous and plate electrodes: side effects and quantitative comparisons. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jan 15;2(1):e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.1.4. PMID: 15096024.

3864: Levy RM. Quantitative, crossover, double-blind trial paradigm for patient screening for chronic intraspinal narcotic administration. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jan 15;2(1):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.1.3. PMID: 15096023.

3865: North RB, McNamee JP, Wu L, Piantadosi S. Artificial neural networks: application to electrical stimulation of the human nervous system. Neurosurg Focus. 1997 Jan 15;2(1):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1997.2.1.1. PMID: 15096022.

3866: Naderi S, Alberstone CD, Rupp FW, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy treated with corpectomy: technique and results in 44 patients. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Dec 15;1(6):e5; discussion 1 p following e5. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.6.6. PMID: 15096030.

3867: Morimoto T, Yamada T, Nagata K, Matsuyama T, Sakaki T. Intramedullary gadolinium-DTPA enhancement in a patient with cervical spondylotic myelopathy and an associated vascular lesion. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Dec 15;1(6):e3. PMID: 15096029.

3868: Naderi S, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy: surgical decision making. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Dec 15;1(6):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.6.1. PMID: 15096028.

3869: Germano IM. Transsulcal approach to mesiotemporal lesions. Anatomy, technique, and report of three cases. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Nov 15;1(5):e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.5.7. PMID: 15099055.

3870: Laws ER Jr, Bertram EH 3rd. Epilepsy surgery in children and adolescents. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Nov 15;1(5):e1. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.5.4. PMID: 15099054.

3871: Kim MH, Song JH, Kim SH, Park DB, Shin KM. A new trend in operative technique for intracerebral hemorrhage: a comparative study of stereotactic endoscopic removal and stereotactic catheter drainage. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Oct 15;1(4):e2; discussion e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.4.2. PMID: 15095990.

3872: Leblanc R, Meyer E, Zatorre R, Klein D, Evans A. Functional imaging of cerebral arteriovenous malformations with a comment on cortical reorganization. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Sep 15;1(3):e4; discussion 1 p following e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.3.9. PMID: 15095992.

3873: Suzuki A, Yoshioka K, Nishimura H, Yasui N. Functional localization of sensorimotor cortex by somatosensory evoked potentials produced by femoral nerve stimulation. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Sep 15;1(3):e3; discussion 1 p following e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.3.7. PMID: 15095991.

3874: Brown JA, Chittum CJ, Sabol D, Gouda JJ. Percutaneous balloon compression of the trigeminal nerve for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Aug 15;1(2):e4; discussion 1 p following e4. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.2.11. PMID: 15095995.

3875: Menovsky T, van Overbeeke JJ. Intracranial nerve repair: a review of experimental and clinical studies. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Aug 15;1(2):e2. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.2.8. PMID: 15095994.

3876: Grabb PA, Albright AL, Sclabassi RJ, Pollack IF. Continuous intraoperative electromyographic monitoring of cranial nerves during resection of fourth ventricular tumors in children. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Aug 15;1(2):e1; discussion 1 p following e1. PMID: 15095993.

3877: Lyons MK, Gonzales GR, Schild SE, Nelson KD. Radiation-induced meningioma following radiation therapy for pituitary adenoma. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Jul 15;1(1):e8; discussion 1 p following e8. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.1.12. PMID: 15096001.

3878: Brisman MH, Morgello S, Silvers A, Klein I, Post KD. Idiopathic granulomatous hypophysitis. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Jul 15;1(1):e7. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.6.8. PMID: 15096000.

3879: Couldwell WT, Weiss MH. Defining postoperative values for successful resection of prolactinomas. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Jul 15;1(1):e6; discussion 1p following e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.1.9. PMID: 15095999.

3880: Laws ER Jr, Thorner MO, Vance ML. Bromocriptine therapy for prolactin- secreting pituitary adenomas. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Jul 15;1(1):e4; discussion 1p following e6. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.1.7. PMID: 15095998.

3881: Jho HD, Carrau RL, McLaughlin ML, Somaza SC. Endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of a large chordoma in the posterior fossa. Case report. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Jul 15;1(1):e3; discussion 1p following e3. PMID: 15095997.

3882: Cusimano MD, Fenton RS. The technique for endoscopic pituitary tumor removal. Neurosurg Focus. 1996 Jul 15;1(1):e1; discussion 1p following e3. doi: 10.3171/foc.1996.1.1.3. PMID: 15095996.

  • neurosurgical_focus_articles.txt
  • Last modified: 2021/06/10 10:43
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