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ophthalmic_artery_aneurysm_surgery

Ophthalmic artery aneurysm surgery

J.Sales-Llopis

Neurosurgery Service, Alicante University General Hospital, Alicante Institute for Health and Biomedical Research (ISABIAL - FISABIO Foundation), Alicante, Spain.

The key features of successful surgical treatment of these lesions include establishing control of the proximal artery, adequate exposure of the aneurysm neck, and successful obliteration of the aneurysm with minimal manipulation of the optic nerve 1).

The ophthalmic artery aneurysms can treated safe and effective through a frontolateral approach 2).

Microsurgical clipping of large ophthalmic-carotid artery (OA) aneurysms is technically challenging. Among the reported approaches, pterional combined epidural and subdural approach is one of the efficient choices 3).

The most important risk associated with clipping ophthalmic artery aneurysms is a new visual deficit. Meticulous microsurgical technique is necessary during anterior clinoidectomy, aneurysm dissection, and clip application to optimize visual outcomes, and aggressive medical management postoperatively might potentially decrease the incidence of delayed visual deficits. As the results of endovascular therapy and specifically flow diverters become known, they warrant comparison with these surgical benchmarks to determine best practices 4).

For ophthalmic artery aneurysm treatment if necessary, the ophthalmic artery may be sacrificed without worsening of vision in the vast majority.

Surgery is technically demanding because these aneurysms are often large and may extend into the cavernous sinus 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10).


The anterior clinoid process (ACP) interferes with clipping. It is necessary to remove the ACP followed by optic canal unroofing to expose the ophthalmic segment aneurysm. The ACP resection can be performed intradurally or extradurally. The proponents of extradural clinoidectomy maintain that the dural layer protects the brain and cortical vessels during the drilling, and prevents bone dust and bleeding into the subarachnoid space 11).

By contrast, intradural clinoidectomy provides a clear view of the ACP, ICA, and optic nerve, which are protected during clinoidectomy 12).

For unruptured intracranial aneurysm, drill off anterior clinoid process via an extradural approach before opening dura to approach aneurysm neck maybe safe. Not for ruptured.

Care must be taken to avoid optic nerve injury caused by the retraction and/or the heat of the drill 13).


Cutting the falciform ligament early decompresses the optic nerve, and helps minimize worsening of visual impairment from surgical manipulation.

In most cases, a side angled clip can be placed paralell to the parent artery along the neck of the aneurysm 14).

Contralateral approach

1)
Batjer HH, Kopitnik TA, Giller CA, Samson DS. Surgery for paraclinoidal carotid artery aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 1994 Apr;80(4):650-8. PubMed PMID: 8151343.
2)
Wang JT, Kan ZS, Wang S. [Surgical management of ophthalmic artery aneurysms via minimally invasive frontolateral approach]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2017 Apr 18;97(15):1179-1183. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2017.15.014. Chinese. PubMed PMID: 28427127.
3)
Hu P, Zhang HQ, Li XJ. Step-wise pterional combined epidural and subdural approach to clip large carotid-ophthalmic segment aneurysms. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 Mar;161(3):607-610. doi: 10.1007/s00701-019-03833-4. Epub 2019 Feb 13. PubMed PMID: 30756244.
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Beretta F, Andaluz N, Zuccarello M. Aneurysms of the ophthalmic (C6) segment of the internal carotid artery: treatment options and strategies based on a clinical series. J Neurosurg Sci. 2004 Dec;48(4):149-56. PubMed PMID: 15876983.
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Wang J, Kan Z, Wang S. Microsurgical treatment of carotid-ophthalmic aneurysm associated with multiple anterior and posterior circulation aneurysms: A case report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Apr;96(16):e6672. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000006672. PubMed PMID: 28422878; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5406094.
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Kumon Y, Sakaki S, Kohno K, Ohta S, Ohue S, Oka Y. Asymptomatic, unruptured carotid-ophthalmic artery aneurysms: angiographical differentiation of each type, operative results, and indications. Surg Neurol. 1997 Nov;48(5):465-72. PubMed PMID: 9352810.
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Day AL. Clinicoanatomic features of supraclinoid aneurysms. Clin Neurosurg. 1990;36:256-74. Review. PubMed PMID: 2403885.
ophthalmic_artery_aneurysm_surgery.txt · Last modified: 2020/01/14 21:13 by administrador