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Pediatric intracranial epidural hematoma




Case series


1: Samples DC, Bounajem MT, Wallace DJ, Liao L, Tarasiewicz I. Role of follow-up CT scans in the management of traumatic pediatric epidural hematomas. Childs Nerv Syst. 2019 Jun 8. doi: 10.1007/s00381-019-04236-7. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31177323.

2: Karepov Y, Kozyrev DA, Benifla M, Shapira V, Constantini S, Roth J. E-bike-related cranial injuries in pediatric population. Childs Nerv Syst. 2019 Apr 15. doi: 10.1007/s00381-019-04146-8. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30989331.

3: Samanci Y, Baskurt I, Celik SE. Traumatic Retroclival Epidural Hematoma. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2019 Feb 19. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001756. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30807507.

4: Greenberg JK, Jeffe DB, Carpenter CR, Yan Y, Pineda JA, Lumba-Brown A, Keller MS, Berger D, Bollo RJ, Ravindra VM, Naftel RP, Dewan MC, Shah MN, Burns EC, O'Neill BR, Hankinson TC, Whitehead WE, Adelson PD, Tamber MS, McDonald PJ, Ahn ES, Titsworth W, West AN, Brownson RC, Limbrick DD. North American survey on the post-neuroimaging management of children with mild head injuries. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2018 Oct 26;23(2):227-235. doi: 10.3171/2018.7.PEDS18263. PubMed PMID: 30485194.

5: Kondo A, Yamaguchi H, Ishida Y, Toyoshima D, Azumi M, Akutsu N, Koyama J, Kurosawa H, Kawamura A, Maruyama A. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma mimicking Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Brain Dev. 2019 Apr;41(4):392-395. doi: 10.1016/j.braindev.2018.11.004. Epub 2018 Nov 22. PubMed PMID: 30471873.

6: Hale AT, Stonko DP, Brown A, Lim J, Voce DJ, Gannon SR, Le TM, Shannon CN. Machine-learning analysis outperforms conventional statistical models and CT classification systems in predicting 6-month outcomes in pediatric patients sustaining traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2018 Nov 1;45(5):E2. doi: 10.3171/2018.8.FOCUS17773. PubMed PMID: 30453455.

7: Kim KM, Cho SM, Yoon SH, Lim YC, Park MS, Kim MR. Neurodevelopmental Prognostic Factors in 73 Neonates with the Birth Head Injury. Korean J Neurotrauma. 2018 Oct;14(2):80-85. doi: 10.13004/kjnt.2018.14.2.80. Epub 2018 Oct 31. PubMed PMID: 30402423; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6218339.

8: Umerani MS, Abbas A, Aziz F, Shahid R, Ali F, Rizvi RK. Pediatric Extradural Hematoma: Clinical Assessment Using King's Outcome Scale for Childhood Head Injury. Asian J Neurosurg. 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):681-684. doi: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_164_16. PubMed PMID: 30283526; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6159040.

9: Rumalla K, Smith KA, Letchuman V, Gandham M, Kombathula R, Arnold PM. Nationwide incidence and risk factors for posttraumatic seizures in children with traumatic brain injury. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2018 Dec 1;22(6):684-693. doi: 10.3171/2018.6.PEDS1813. PubMed PMID: 30239282.

10: Banerjee C, Yowtak J, Fridlyand D, Alleyne C Jr. Acute spontaneous intracranial epidural haematoma and disseminated intravascular coagulation in a paediatric sickle cell patient. BMJ Case Rep. 2018 Aug 29;2018. pii: bcr-2018-224504. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2018-224504. PubMed PMID: 30158257.

11: Flaherty BF, Moore HE, Riva-Cambrin J, Bratton SL. Repeat Head CT for Expectant Management of Traumatic Epidural Hematoma. Pediatrics. 2018 Sep;142(3). pii: e20180385. doi: 10.1542/peds.2018-0385. PubMed PMID: 30154118.

12: Han K, Li Z, Yin H, Yao W, Lan X, Bo Y. Liquid Posterior Fossa Epidural Hematoma in Pediatric Trauma: A Single-Center Case Series. J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2018 Sep;79(5):380-385. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1648225. Epub 2018 Jun 14. PubMed PMID: 29902825.

13: Elswick CM, Wyrick D, Gurien LA, Rettiganti M, Gowen M, Pownall A, Bahgat D, Maxson RT, Öcal E, Albert GW. Resource utilization and indications for helicopter transport of head-injured children. J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Sep;53(9):1795-1799. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.04.032. Epub 2018 May 1. PubMed PMID: 29792280.

14: Yanni DS, Cruz AS, Halim AY, Gill AS, Muhonen MG, Heary RF, Goldstein IM. Sublaminar fixation for traumatic lumbar fracture subluxation with lateral listhesis in a 2-year-old patient. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2018 Aug;22(2):200-206. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.PEDS1648. Epub 2018 May 4. PubMed PMID: 29726793.

15: Rumalla K, Letchuman V, Smith KA, Arnold PM. Hydrocephalus in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: National Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes in 124,444 Hospitalized Patients. Pediatr Neurol. 2018 Mar;80:70-76. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2017.11.015. Epub 2017 Dec 11. PubMed PMID: 29429778.

16: Root BK, Schartz DA, Calnan DR, Hickey WF, Bauer DF. Cervicothoracic epidural hematoma in a toddler with miosis, ptosis, nonspecific symptoms, and no history of major trauma: case report. Childs Nerv Syst. 2018 Jun;34(6):1259-1262. doi: 10.1007/s00381-018-3736-7. Epub 2018 Feb 2. PubMed PMID: 29396720.

17: Bandte A, Fritzsche FS, Emami P, Kammler G, Püschel K, Krajewski K. Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury with and without Helmets in Children. World Neurosurg. 2018 Mar;111:e434-e439. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.12.094. Epub 2017 Dec 23. PubMed PMID: 29277588.

18: Tunthanathip T, Phuenpathom N. Impact of Road Traffic Injury to Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury in Southern Thailand. J Neurosci Rural Pract. 2017 Oct-Dec;8(4):601-608. doi: 10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_381_17. PubMed PMID: 29204022; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5709885.

19: Öğrenci A, Koban O, Ekşi M, Yaman O, Dalbayrak S. The Necessity of Follow-Up Brain Computed-Tomography Scans: Is It the Pathology Itself Or Our Fear that We Should Overcome? Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2017 Oct 5;5(6):740-743. doi: 10.3889/oamjms.2017.157. eCollection 2017 Oct 15. PubMed PMID: 29104682; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5661711.

20: Jung JH, Chai YH, Jung S, Kim IY, Jang WY, Moon KS, Kim SK, Chong S, Kim SK, Jung TY. Visual outcome after endoscopic third ventriculostomy for hydrocephalus. Childs Nerv Syst. 2018 Feb;34(2):247-255. doi: 10.1007/s00381-017-3626-4. Epub 2017 Nov 3. PubMed PMID: 29101614.

21: Tallapragada K, Peddada RS, Dexter M. Paediatric mild head injury: is routine admission to a tertiary trauma hospital necessary? ANZ J Surg. 2018 Mar;88(3):202-206. doi: 10.1111/ans.14175. Epub 2017 Sep 18. PubMed PMID: 28922710.

22: Sheng HS, You CG, Yang L, Zhang N, Lin J, Lin FC, Wang MD. Trephination mini-craniectomy for traumatic posterior fossa epidural hematomas in selected pediatric patients. Chin J Traumatol. 2017 Aug;20(4):212-215. doi: 10.1016/j.cjtee.2017.01.004. Epub 2017 Jun 22. PubMed PMID: 28688799; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5555239.

23: Ozturk S, Ozturk Y, Ocal O. The First Case of Kernohan-Woltman Notch Phenomenon Caused by Epidural Hematoma in a Pediatric Patient. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2017;52(3):181-184. doi: 10.1159/000474945. Epub 2017 May 25. PubMed PMID: 28538230.

24: Champagne PO, He KX, Mercier C, Weil AG, Crevier L. Conservative Management of Large Traumatic Supratentorial Epidural Hematoma in the Pediatric Population. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2017;52(3):168-172. doi: 10.1159/000455925. Epub 2017 Mar 23. PubMed PMID: 28329751.

25: Greenberg JK, Yan Y, Carpenter CR, Lumba-Brown A, Keller MS, Pineda JA, Brownson RC, Limbrick DD. Development and Internal Validation of a Clinical Risk Score for Treating Children With Mild Head Trauma and Intracranial Injury. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 Apr 1;171(4):342-349. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4520. PubMed PMID: 28192567.

26: Baerg J, Thirumoorthi A, Vannix R, Taha A, Young A, Zouros A. Cervical spine imaging for young children with inflicted trauma: Expanding the injury pattern. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 May;52(5):816-821. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.01.049. Epub 2017 Jan 30. PubMed PMID: 28190553.

27: Sellin JN, Moreno A, Ryan SL, Lam SK, Donaruma-Kwoh M, Luerssen TG, Jea A. Children presenting in delayed fashion after minor head trauma with scalp swelling: do they require further workup? Childs Nerv Syst. 2017 Apr;33(4):647-652. doi: 10.1007/s00381-016-3332-7. Epub 2017 Jan 3. PubMed PMID: 28050641.

28: Bourdillon P, Ryvlin P, Isnard J, Montavont A, Catenoix H, Mauguière F, Rheims S, Ostrowsky-Coste K, Guénot M. Stereotactic Electroencephalography Is a Safe Procedure, Including for Insular Implantations. World Neurosurg. 2017 Mar;99:353-361. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2016.12.025. Epub 2016 Dec 19. PubMed PMID: 28003163.

29: Lee CH, Song GS, Kim YH, Son DW, Lee SW. Spontaneous Spinal Epidural Hematoma Coexisting Guillan-Barré Syndrome in a Child: A Case Report. Korean J Spine. 2016 Sep;13(3):167-169. Epub 2016 Sep 30. PubMed PMID: 27800000; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5086472.

30: Erkutlu I, Bay A, Aktekin E. Conservative management of an acute spinal epidural hemorrhage in a child with hemophilia a with inhibitor. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2016 Dec;27(8):930-932. PubMed PMID: 26656896.

31: Kiessling JW 4th, Hertzler DA 2nd, Drucker DE, Spader HS. Traumatic Frontal Epidural Hematoma Caused by Multiple Arterial Injuries in the Anterior Fossa. World Neurosurg. 2017 Jan;97:757.e19-757.e23. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2016.10.017. Epub 2016 Oct 14. PubMed PMID: 27751928.

32: Flaherty BF, Moore HE, Riva-Cambrin J, Bratton SL. Pediatric patients with traumatic epidural hematoma at low risk for deterioration and need for surgical treatment. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Feb;52(2):334-339. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2016.09.005. Epub 2016 Sep 15. PubMed PMID: 27663125.

33: Hamm J, Rathore N, Lee P, LeBlanc Z, Lebensburger J, Meier ER, Kwiatkowski JL. Cranial epidural hematomas: A case series and literature review of this rare complication associated with sickle cell disease. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2017 Mar;64(3). doi: 10.1002/pbc.26237. Epub 2016 Sep 13. Review. PubMed PMID: 27618802.

34: Pillai MK, Kariyattil R, Govindaraju V, Kochummen K. Spontaneous evacuation of hyperacute extradural hematoma: two illustrative case reports. Childs Nerv Syst. 2017 Jan;33(1):193-196. doi: 10.1007/s00381-016-3197-9. Epub 2016 Jul 30. PubMed PMID: 27476039.

35: Işık S, Akakın A, Ekşi MŞ, Yılmaz B, Aksoy T, Konakçı M, Toktaş ZO, Kılıç T. Bilateral Central Foot Drop in a Pediatric Patient. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2017;52(1):62-66. Epub 2016 Jul 19. Review. PubMed PMID: 27427994.

36: Young JY, Duhaime AC, Caruso PA, Rincon SP. Comparison of non-sedated brain MRI and CT for the detection of acute traumatic injury in children 6 years of age or less. Emerg Radiol. 2016 Aug;23(4):325-31. doi: 10.1007/s10140-016-1392-3. Epub 2016 May 11. PubMed PMID: 27166965.

37: Fruchtman Y, Dardik R, Barg AA, Livnat T, Feldman Z, Rubinstein M, Grinberg G, Rosenberg N, Kenet G. Spinal Epidural Hematoma Following Cupping Glass Treatment in an Infant With Hemophilia A. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2016 Jun;63(6):1120-2. doi: 10.1002/pbc.25921. Epub 2016 Feb 4. PubMed PMID: 26844816.

38: Benifla M, Merkin V, Rosenthal G, Shoshan Y, Melamed I. Supraciliary keyhole craniotomy for anterior frontal lesions in children. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Apr;26:37-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2015.10.024. Epub 2016 Jan 4. PubMed PMID: 26758703.

39: Mirsadykov DA, Abdumazhitova MM, Usmankhanov OA. [Principles and experience of surgical treatment of spina bifida in adults]. Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko. 2015;79(5):52-62. doi: 10.17116/neiro201579552-62. English, Russian. PubMed PMID: 26528613.

40: Pezeshki A, Rahmani F, Ebrahimi Bakhtavar H, Fekri S. Battered Child Syndrome; a Case Study. Emerg (Tehran). 2015 Spring;3(2):81-2. PubMed PMID: 26495388; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4614596.

41: Fernández-Castellano G, Mayorga-Buiza MJ, Gallego-Solano J, Vazquez-Rubio R, Rivero-Garvia M. Acute Epidural Hematoma Following Acute Subdural Hematoma Evacuation in a Child With Glanzmann Thrombasthenia. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2016 Oct;28(4):431-3. doi: 10.1097/ANA.0000000000000233. PubMed PMID: 26421897.

42: Prasad GL, Gupta DK, Sharma BS, Mahapatra AK. Traumatic Pediatric Posterior Fossa Extradural Hematomas: A Tertiary-Care Trauma Center Experience from India. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2015;50(5):250-6. doi: 10.1159/000438488. Epub 2015 Aug 20. PubMed PMID: 26287640.

43: Hatzipantelis E, Kyriakidis I, Pavlou E, Pavlidou E, Stamou M, Foroglou N, Papageorgiou T, Hatzistilianou M. Lumbar puncture complicated by spinal epidural hematoma in a child with leukemia. Clin Case Rep. 2015 Jun;3(6):388-91. doi: 10.1002/ccr3.239. Epub 2015 Apr 9. PubMed PMID: 26185634; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4498848.

44: Aycan A, Yener U, Aycan N, Gönüllü E, Dursun R, Gönüllü H. Neurosurgical Injuries Caused by the 2011 Van Earthquake: The Experience at the Van Regional Training and Research Hospital. J Emerg Med. 2015 Oct;49(4):464-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2015.03.018. Epub 2015 Jul 2. PubMed PMID: 26143476.

45: Newman WC, Tempel ZJ, Tyler-Kabara EC. Posttraumatic Cervical Nerve Root Avulsion with Epidural Hematoma. World Neurosurg. 2015 Oct;84(4):1177.e9-11. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2015.06.050. Epub 2015 Jun 29. PubMed PMID: 26134981.

46: Claiborne JR, Hoge MK, Wood BC, Couture DE, David LR. Extradural Ossification Following Epidural Hematoma in Children: A Rare But Significant Entity. J Craniofac Surg. 2015 Jul;26(5):1500-3. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000001806. PubMed PMID: 26106995.

47: Sandvik U, Svensdotter E, Gustavsson B. Spinal cavernous extradural angiolipoma manifesting as a spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma in a child. Childs Nerv Syst. 2015 Aug;31(8):1223-6. doi: 10.1007/s00381-015-2760-0. Epub 2015 Jun 12. PubMed PMID: 26065860.

48: Babayev R, Ekşi MŞ. Spontaneous thoracic epidural hematoma: a case report and literature review. Childs Nerv Syst. 2016 Jan;32(1):181-7. doi: 10.1007/s00381-015-2768-5. Epub 2015 Jun 2. Review. PubMed PMID: 26033378.

49: Josephsen JB, Kemp J, Elbabaa SK, Al-Hosni M. Life-threatening neonatal epidural hematoma caused by precipitous vaginal delivery. Am J Case Rep. 2015 Jan 30;16:50-2. doi: 10.12659/AJCR.892506. PubMed PMID: 25633886; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4315626.

50: Garber ST, Riva-Cambrin JK. Occipital aneurysmal bone cyst rupture following head trauma: case report. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 Mar;15(3):272-5. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.PEDS14224. Epub 2015 Jan 2. PubMed PMID: 25555115.

51: Iizuka Y, Iizuka H, Nagano K, Tsutsumi S, Nakajima T, Takagishi K. Laminoplasty preserving the deep extensor musculature for a pediatric cervicothoracic epidural hematoma case of hemophilia A. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2014 Nov;23(6):584-8. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000095. PubMed PMID: 25153644.

52: Skadorwa T, Zygańska E, Eibl M, Ciszek B. Distinct strategies in the treatment of epidural hematoma in children: clinical considerations. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2013;49(3):166-71. doi: 10.1159/000359954. Epub 2014 Apr 8. PubMed PMID: 24732678.

53: Khan MB, Riaz M, Javed G. Conservative management of significant supratentorial epidural hematomas in pediatric patients. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Jul;30(7):1249-53. doi: 10.1007/s00381-014-2391-x. Epub 2014 Mar 26. PubMed PMID: 24668144.

54: Greenberg JK, Stoev IT, Park TS, Smyth MD, Leonard JR, Leonard JC, Pineda JA, Limbrick DD. Management of children with mild traumatic brain injury and intracranial hemorrhage. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014 Apr;76(4):1089-95. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000000155. PubMed PMID: 24662876; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4152372.

55: Erdoğan MA, Sanli M, Ersoy MO. Anesthesia management in a child with osteogenesis imperfecta and epidural hemorrhage. Braz J Anesthesiol. 2013 Jul-Aug;63(4):366-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bjane.2012.07.008. Epub 2013 Aug 13. PubMed PMID: 24565246.

56: Y AK, Yaman Y, Isguder R, Carti O, Demirag B, Agin H, Ozek G, Tatli BG, Albudak E, Berksoy E. Spontaneous epidural and subdural hematoma in a child with afibrinogenemia and postoperative management. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2014 Jun;25(4):398-400. doi: 10.1097/MBC.0000000000000049. PubMed PMID: 24509337.

57: Rangarajan V, Mavani SB, Nadkarni TD, Goel AH. Traumatic cervical epidural hematoma in an infant. J Craniovertebr Junction Spine. 2013 Jan;4(1):37-9. doi: 10.4103/0974-8237.121624. PubMed PMID: 24381456; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3872661.

58: Per H, Canpolat M, Tümtürk A, Gumuş H, Gokoglu A, Yikilmaz A, Özmen S, Kaçar Bayram A, Poyrazoğlu HG, Kumandas S, Kurtsoy A. Different etiologies of acquired torticollis in childhood. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Mar;30(3):431-40. doi: 10.1007/s00381-013-2302-6. Epub 2013 Nov 6. PubMed PMID: 24196698.

59: Yiş U, Kalemci O, Polat I, Karaoğlu P, Oztura I, Güleryüz H, Kurul SH. Chronic spinal epidural hematoma. J Pediatr. 2014 Jan;164(1):215-215.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.08.043. Epub 2013 Oct 8. PubMed PMID: 24119875.

60: Khan MB, Riaz M, Javed G, Hashmi FA, Sanaullah M, Ahmed SI. Surgical management of traumatic extra dural hematoma in children: Experiences and analysis from 24 consecutively treated patients in a developing country. Surg Neurol Int. 2013 Aug 13;4:103. doi: 10.4103/2152-7806.116425. eCollection 2013. PubMed PMID: 24032078; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3766325.

61: Erdoğan MA, Sanli M, Ersoy MO. Anesthesia management in a child with osteogenesis imperfecta and epidural hemorrhage. Braz J Anesthesiol. 2013 Jul-Aug;63(4):366-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bjan.2012.07.007. PubMed PMID: 23931253.

62: Paraskevopoulos D, Magras I, Polyzoidis K. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma secondary to extradural arteriovenous malformation in a child: a case-based update. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013 Nov;29(11):1985-91. doi: 10.1007/s00381-013-2214-5. Epub 2013 Jun 29. PubMed PMID: 23812629.

63: Pérez-Bovet J, Garcia-Armengol R, Martín Ferrer S. Traumatic epidural retroclival hematoma with odontoid fracture and cardiorespiratory arrest. Spinal Cord. 2013 Dec;51(12):926-8. doi: 10.1038/sc.2013.53. Epub 2013 Jun 11. PubMed PMID: 23752261.

64: Beer-Furlan A, de Almeida CC, Noleto G, Paiva W, Ferreira AA, Teixeira MJ. Dural sinus and internal jugular vein thrombosis complicating a blunt head injury in a pediatric patient. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013 Aug;29(8):1231-4. doi: 10.1007/s00381-013-2184-7. Epub 2013 Jun 9. PubMed PMID: 23748465.

65: Choi H, Lee JY, Phi JH, Kim SK, Cho BK, Wang KC. Postoperative epidural hematoma covering the galeal flap in pediatric patients with moyamoya disease: clinical manifestation, risk factors, and outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 Aug;12(2):181-6. doi: 10.3171/2013.4.PEDS12505. Epub 2013 Jun 7. PubMed PMID: 23746127.

66: Tataryn Z, Botsford B, Riesenburger R, Kryzanski J, Hwang S. Spontaneous resolution of an acute epidural hematoma with normal intracranial pressure: case report and literature review. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013 Nov;29(11):2127-30. doi: 10.1007/s00381-013-2167-8. Epub 2013 May 26. Review. PubMed PMID: 23708934.

67: Gupta V, Kundra S, Chaudhary A, Kaushal R. Cervical epidural hematoma in a child. J Neurosci Rural Pract. 2012 May;3(2):217-8. doi: 10.4103/0976-3147.98259. PubMed PMID: 22865988; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3410008.

68: Jung SW, Kim DW. Our experience with surgically treated epidural hematomas in children. J Korean Neurosurg Soc. 2012 Apr;51(4):215-8. doi: 10.3340/jkns.2012.51.4.215. Epub 2012 Apr 30. PubMed PMID: 22737301; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3377878.

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73: Becco de Souza R, Brasileiro de Aguiar G, Sette Dos Santos ME, Acioly MA. Retroclival epidural hematoma in a child affected by whiplash cervical injury: a typical case of a rare condition. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2011;47(4):288-91. doi: 10.1159/000335446. Epub 2012 Feb 3. PubMed PMID: 22310377.

74: Azumagawa K, Yamamoto S, Tanaka K, Sakanaka H, Teraura H, Takahashi K, Tamai H. Non-operative treated spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma in a 12-year-old boy. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Feb;28(2):167-9. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e318244785d. PubMed PMID: 22307186.

75: Sencer A, Aras Y, Akcakaya MO, Goker B, Kiris T, Canbolat AT. Posterior fossa epidural hematomas in children: clinical experience with 40 cases. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Feb;9(2):139-43. doi: 10.3171/2011.11.PEDS11177. PubMed PMID: 22295917.

76: Nayil K, Ramzan A, Arif S, Wani A, Sheikh Z, Wani T, Laharwal M, Dhar A. Hypodensity of extradural hematomas in children: an ominous sign. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Oct;8(4):417-21. doi: 10.3171/2011.7.PEDS11123. PubMed PMID: 21961552.

77: Trivedi A, Hiran S. Calcified epidural hematoma in pediatric age group: A report of two cases. J Neurosci Rural Pract. 2010 Jul;1(2):89-91. doi: 10.4103/0976-3147.71716. PubMed PMID: 21808510; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3139356.

78: Tahir MZ, Quadri SA, Hanif S, Javed G. Traumatic retroclival epidural hematoma in pediatric patient-Case report and review of literature. Surg Neurol Int. 2011;2:78. doi: 10.4103/2152-7806.82085. Epub 2011 Jun 15. PubMed PMID: 21748031; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3130360.

79: Işık HS, Gökyar A, Yıldız O, Bostancı U, Ozdemir C. [Pediatric head injuries, retrospective analysis of 851 patients: an epidemiological study]. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2011 Mar;17(2):166-72. Turkish. PubMed PMID: 21644096.

80: McDougall CM, Sankar T, Mehta V, Pugh JA. Pediatric traumatic retroclival epidural hematoma. Can J Neurol Sci. 2011 Mar;38(2):338-40. PubMed PMID: 21320842.

81: Wang A, Cohen AR, Robinson S. The “swing-ding”: a golf-related head injury in children. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Jan;7(1):111-5. doi: 10.3171/2010.10.PEDS10283. PubMed PMID: 21194295.

82: Cabral AJ, Barros A, Aveiro C, Vasconcelos R. Spontaneous spinal epidural haematoma due to arteriovenous malformation in a child. BMJ Case Rep. 2011 May 12;2011. pii: bcr0220113875. doi: 10.1136/bcr.02.2011.3875. PubMed PMID: 22696725; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3094776.

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pediatric_intracranial_epidural_hematoma.txt · Last modified: 2019/07/11 19:23 by administrador