The perioperative period, less commonly spelled the peroperative period, is the time period describing the duration of a patient's surgical procedure; this commonly includes ward admission, anesthesia, surgery, and recovery. Perioperative generally refers to the three phases of surgery: preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative. The goal of perioperative care is to provide better conditions for patients before operation, during operation, and after operation.

The perioperative setting is unique in that it is typically the only practice setting whereby members of different health professions work simultaneously to provide care.

Factors that influence surgical team efficiency include staff availability, turnover time and teamwork. Teamwork is enhanced by effective communication, collaboration and a sense of solidarity among surgical team members.

Evidence supports that differences in culture, language, generation and discipline-specific role expectations can significantly and negatively influence teamwork and OR efficiency and are requisite in the design and planning strategies for perioperative services 1) 2) 3).

Clausing L, Kurtz DL, Prendeville J, Walt JL 2003 Generational diversity: The nexters AORN Journal 78 (3) 373–379
Sherman RO 2006 Leading a multigenerational nursing workforce: Issues, challenges, and strategies Online Journal of Nursing Issues 11 (2) Manuscript 2
Bell JA 2013 Five generations in the nursing workforce: Implications for nursing professional development Journal for Nurses in Professional Development 29 (4) 205–210
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