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Peritoneal catheter

Laparoscopic implantation of a distal catheter is a simple, minimally invasive, and easy procedure to perform and allows exact localization of the peritoneal catheter and confirmation of its patency 1) 2).

A laparoscopic approach has multiple advantages over open techniques, including decreased morbidity, more rapid recovery, and ability to visually assess catheter function.

Laparoscopy has great utility in the assessment of shunt function. Laparoscopic techniques should be considered not only for placement of peritoneal catheters, but also for the management of distal shunt malfunction and diagnosis of abdominal pain in these patients 3).

Ventriculoperitoneal shunts are supplied with long peritoneal catheters, most commonly between 80 and 120 cm long. ISO/DIS 7197/2006([15]) shunt manufacturing procedures include peritoneal catheter as an integrate of the total resistance. Cutting pieces of peritoneal catheters upon shunt implantation or revision is a common procedure.

The limit to maintain a shunt in its original pressure settings was 20 cm peritoneal catheter cutting length. By cutting longer pieces of peritoneal catheter, one would submit patients to a less-resistive regimen than intended and his reasoning will be compromised. The pediatric population is more prone to suffer from the consequences of cutting catheters. Shunt manufacturers should consider adopting peritoneal catheters according to the age (height) of the patient 4).


Bani A, Telker D, Hassler W, Grundlach M. Minimally invasive implantation of the peritoneal catheter in ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for hydrocephalus: analysis of data in 151 consecutive adult patients. J Neurosurg.2006 Dec;105(6):869-72. PubMed PMID: 17405257.
Sosin M, Sofat S, Felbaum DR, Seastedt KP, McGrail KM, Bhanot P. Laparoscopic-assisted Peritoneal Shunt Insertion for Ventriculoperitoneal and Lumboperitoneal Shunt Placement: An Institutional Experience of 53 Consecutive Cases. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2015 Jun;25(3):235-7. doi: 10.1097/SLE.0000000000000141. PubMed PMID: 25738700.
Kavic SM, Segan RD, Taylor MD, Roth JS. Laparoscopic management of ventriculoperitoneal and lumboperitoneal shunt complications. JSLS. 2007 Jan-Mar;11(1):14-9. PubMed PMID: 17651550; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3015814.
Maset AL, Suriano LC, Monteiro R, Pinto JR, de Andrade JR, Mancini BM, Ramin SL, Moraes DF, Cavalheiro S. Shunt implantations and peritoneal catheters: Do not cut beyond 20 cm. Surg Neurol Int. 2014 Aug 22;5:130. doi: 10.4103/2152-7806.139410. eCollection 2014. PubMed PMID: 25250184; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4168645.
peritoneal_catheter.txt · Last modified: 2016/05/09 16:19 (external edit)