post-traumatic_stress_disorder_treatment

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment

Although most patients often improve with medications and/or psychotherapy, approximately 20-30% are considered to be refractory to conventional treatments. In other psychiatric disorders, DBS has been investigated in treatment-refractory patients. To date, preclinical work suggests that stimulation at high frequency delivered at particular timeframes to different targets, including the amygdala, ventral striatum, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex may improve fear extinction and anxiety-like behavior in rodents. In the only clinical report published so far, a patient implanted with electrodes in the amygdala has shown striking improvements in PTSD symptoms.

For treatment-resistant patients, there is a growing interest in the use of neuromodulation therapies, including transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), and deep brain stimulation (DBS). We conducted a systematic review on the use of neuromodulation strategies for PTSD and pooled 13 randomized clinical trials (RCTs), 11 case series, and 6 case reports for analysis. Overall, most studies reported favorable outcomes in alleviating both PTSD and depressive symptoms. Although several RCTs described significant differences when active and sham stimulations were compared, others found marginal or nonsignificant differences between groups. Also positive were studies comparing PTSD symptoms before and after treatment. The side effect profile with all 3 modalities was found to be low, with mostly mild adverse events being reported. Despite these encouraging data, several aspects remain unknown. Given that PTSD is a highly heterogeneous condition that can be accompanied by distinct psychiatric diagnoses, defining a unique treatment for this patient population can be quite challenging. There has also been considerable variation across trials regarding stimulation parameters, symptomatic response, and the role of adjunctive psychotherapy. Future studies are needed to address these issues 1).

Deep Brain Stimulation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder


1)
Gouveia FV, Davidson B, Meng Y, Gidyk DC, Rabin JS, Ng E, Abrahao A, Lipsman N, Giacobbe P, Hamani C. Treating Post-traumatic Stress Disorder with Neuromodulation Therapies: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, and Deep Brain Stimulation. Neurotherapeutics. 2020 Oct;17(4):1747-1756. doi: 10.1007/s13311-020-00871-0. PMID: 32468235; PMCID: PMC7851279.
  • post-traumatic_stress_disorder_treatment.txt
  • Last modified: 2022/12/03 10:32
  • by administrador