Posterior fossa tumor surgery is associated with a significant risk of complications, and the complications are typically more frequent than similar supratentorial surgeries. The primary objectives of the present study are to evaluate extent of resection and neurological outcomes and the secondary objective is to evaluate perioperative complications with using minimally invasive approaches for intra-axial posterior fossa tumors from our case series.
METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent non-biopsy surgery of a posterior fossa tumor using tubular retractors and exoscopic visualization from January 2016 to May 2018 were prospectively identified and included.
RESULTS: 15 patients underwent resection of an intra-axial posterior fossa tumor during the reviewed period. Eight (53%) were male and the median (interquartile range) age was 63.0 (45.0-67.5) years. The location of the pathology was the cerebellar hemisphere in 11 (73%), vermis in 3 (20%), and middle cerebellar peduncle in 1 (7%). The median pre and postoperative lesion volumes were 21.6 (10.1-33.0) 0 (0-1.2) cm3, respectively. The percent resection was 100% (92-100%). Following surgery, 12 (80%) had improved and 3 (20%) had stable KPS, where no patients had a decline in KPS postoperatively. No patients incurred other postoperative regional or medical complications.
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate the possible efficacy of a minimally invasive approach with the use of tubular retractors and exoscopic visualization for resecting posterior fossa intra-axial tumors with relatively high efficacy and low morbidity 1).