Predatory Journals

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Scientific research can offer the joy of discovery. For many graduating neurosurgeons, often, a seminar, class, or instructional module is their first and only formal exposure to the world of conducting research responsibly, to write down and report the results of such research. The pressure for publishing scientific research is high, but any young neurosurgeon who is unaware of how predatory publishers operate can get duped by it and can lose their valuable and hard-fought research. Hence, we have attempted to provide an overview of all potentially predatory neurosurgery publications and provide some “red flags” to recognize them.

Methods: A suspected list of predatory publications was collected via a thorough review of the Neurosurgery journals listed in 4 major so-called blacklists, i.e., Beall's list, Manca's list, Cabell's blacklist, and Strinzel blacklist and then cross-referenced with UGC CARE whitelist to remove any potential legitimate journals. All journals with a scope of the Neurosurgery publication were searched using terms in the search bar: “Neurosurgery”, “Neuroanatomy”, “Neuropathology”, and “Neurological disorder/disease”. Since all predatory journals claim to be open access, all possible types of open access journals on Scimago were also searched, and thus a comparison was possible in terms of publication cost and number of legitimate open access journals when compared with predatory ones. In addition, methodologies by which these journals penetrate legitimate indexes like PubMed was investigated.

Results: A total of 46 predatory journals were found and were enlisted along with their publishers and web addresses. Sixty of the 360 Neurosurgery journals listed on Scimago were open access and the fee for the predatory journals was substantially lower (< $150) when compared with legitimate journals ($900-$3000). Six types of open access types exist while a total of 26 red flags in 7 stages of publication can be found in predatory journals. These journals have penetrated indexes by having similar names to legitimate journals and by publishing articles with external funding which mandate their indexing.

Conclusion: These 46 journals were defined as predatory by 4 major blacklists, and none of them was found in the UGC Care white list. They also fulfill the 26 red-flags that define a predatory journal. The blacklist detailed here may become redundant; hence “whenever in doubt” regarding a journal with “red-flags”, the authors are advised to refer to whitelists to be on the safer side. Publishing in predatory journals leads to not only loss of valuable research but also discredits a researcher among his peers and can be hindrance in career progression. Some journals are even indexed on PubMed, and they have sophisticated webpages and high-quality online presentations 1).

American Journal of Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery Public Science Framework

Archives of Neurology and Neurosurgery Hendun Research Access

Austin Journal of Clinical Neurology Austin Publishing Group

Austin Journal of Neurological Disorders & Epilepsy Austin Publishing Group

Austin Neurology Austin Publishing Group

Austin Neurology & Neurosciences Austin Publishing Group

Austin Neurosurgery: Open Access Austin Publishing Group

Global Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery Global Science Research Journals

Insights in Neurosurgery IMedPub Publishers

International Journal of Neuro & Psychological Disorder MC Med publishers

International Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry Trans Stellar (Transstellar)

International Journal of Neurorehabilitation OMNICS group

Journal of Brain Tumors & Neurooncology OMNICS group https://typeset.


Journal Of Clinical Neurology, Neurosurgery And Spine Remedy Publications

Journal of Neuro-Oncology and Neuroscience IMed Pub Publishers

Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases OMNICS group

Journal of Neurological Disorders E-science central

Journal of Neurology Sciences and Psychiatry Vow Scientific quest

Journal of Neurology &Neurophysiology OMNICS group

Journal of Neurology and Neuroscience INDEPENDENT JOURNAL

Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery Elyns Publishing

Journal of Neurology, Neurological Science and Disorder Peer Techz group

Transstellar Journal Publication and Research Consultancy -Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry (Abbreviated as TJPRC:JNNP) Trans Stellar (Transstellar Journal Publication and Research Consultancy-TJPRC) Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Spine Remedy Publications Journal of Neuropsychiatry IMed Pub Publishers Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology & Mental Health OMNICS group https://typeset. io/formats/omics-publishing-group/journal-of-neuropsychopharmacology-and-mental-health/71d6746c3b374aed84df4cd090578eee舃Journal of Neuroscience &Clinical Research舃SciTech Publishers舃https://www.scitechnol. com/journal-of-neuroscience-and-clinical-research.php舃Journal of Pediatric Neurological Disorders舃OMNICS group舃舃Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine舃 OMNICS group舃舃Journal of Spine & Neurosurgery舃SciTech Publishers舃舃Journal of Translational Neurosciences舃IMedPUb舃 https://translational-neuroscience.imedpub.com舃Neuro-Oncology: Open Access舃IMed Pub Publishers舃舃Neurochemistry & Neuropharmacology舃OMNICS group舃舃Neurology and Neuroscience舃IMed PUB Publishers舃舃Neuropsychiatry舃IMedPub Publishers舃 https://neuropsychiatry.imedpub.com舃Neuroscience and Medicine舃SCRIP publishing舃 & Brain Imaging舃IMed Pub Publishers舃 Journal of Modern Neurosurgery舃SCRIP publishing舃 access Journal of Neurology & Neurosurgery舃Juniper Publishers舃 & Reviews: Neuroscience舃RROJ Publishers舃舃SOJ Neurology舃Symbiosis Publishers舃 in Neurosurgery & Neurology (TNN)舃Crimson Publishers舃https://crimsonpublishers. com/tnn/World Journal of Neuroscience舃SCRIP Publishing舃 Neurology舃Symbiosis Publishers舃 Neurology & Neurosurgery舃SciRes Literature舃 Academic Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Mental Health舃World Academic Research Journals舃

Deora H, Tripathi M, Chaurasia B, Grotenhuis JA. Avoiding predatory publishing for early career neurosurgeons: what should you know before you submit? Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2021 Jan;163(1):1-8. doi: 10.1007/s00701-020-04546-9. Epub 2020 Aug 26. PMID: 32845360.
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