Radiation necrosis

As radiation is selectively toxic to more rapidly dividing cells, the two normal cell types within the CNS most vulnerable to RN are vascular endothelium (which have a turnover time of ≈ 6–10 mos) and oligodendroglial cells. Vascular injury may be the primary limiting factor to the tolerance of cranial XRT 1). Injury from XRT occurs at lower doses when given concurrently with chemotherapy (especially methotrexate).

The mechanism(s) by which XRT causes side effects is not known with certainty, but may be due to:

1. damage to vascular endothelium: effects on cerebral vasculature may differ substantially from effects on systemic vessels 2).

2. glial injury

3. immune system effect

1) , 2)
O'Connor MM, Mayberg MR. Effects of Radiation on Cerebral Vasculature: A Review. Neurosurgery. 2000; 46:138–151
  • radiation_necrosis.txt
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