Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

see Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for stroke.

see Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for Parkinson's disease.

see Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the primary motor cortex

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a treatment option with proved effectiveness especially in drug resist depression. It is used in functional brain mapping before neurosurgery operations and diagnostic of corticospinal tract transmission. Many studies are performed to evaluate rTMS using in treatment of obsessive - compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, autism, strokes, tinnitus, Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases, cranial traumas. Moreover rTMS was used in treatment of multiple sclerosis, migraine, dystonia. Electromagnetical field generated by rTMS penetrate skin of the scalp and infiltrate brain tissues to a depth of 2 cm, cause neurons depolarization and generating motor, cognitive and affective effects. Depending on the stimulation frequency rTMS can stimuli or inhibit brain cortex. rTMS mechanism of action remains elusive. Probably it is connected with enhancement of neurotransmitters, modulation of signals transductions pathways in Central Nervous System, gene transcription and release of neuroprotective substances. Studies with use of animals revealed that rTMS stimulation can generate brain changes similar to those seen after electric shock therapy without provoking seizures 1).

Pastuszak Ż, Stępień A, Piusińska-Macoch R, Brodacki B, Tomczykiewicz K. [Evaluation of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation effectiveness in treatment of psychiatric and neurologic diseases]. Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2016 Jun 29;40(240):388-92. Review. Polish. PubMed PMID: 27403908.
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