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During May to June 2017, Khan et al. from the Department of Neurosurgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, Arkansas Neuroscience Institute, CHI St. Vincent Infirmary, Little Rock, Arkansas, Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University, Shreveport, Louisiana, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama. University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, Rhodes College, Memphis, Tennessee, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee,Department of Neurosurgery, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, Semmes Murphey, Memphis, Tennessee, collected data from departmental websites and Scopus to compose a bibliometric database of neurosurgical residents and residency programs. Data related to authorship value and study content were collected on all articles published by residents. A survey of residency program research and educational environment was administered to program directors and coordinators; results were compared with resident academic productivity.
The median number of publications in residency was 3; median h-index and Resident index were 1 and 0.17 during residency, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in academic productivity among male neurosurgical residents compared with females. The majority of articles published were tier 1 clinical articles. Residency program research support was significantly associated with increased resident productivity (P < .001). Scholarly activity requirements were not associated with increased resident academic productivity
This study represents the most comprehensive bibliometric assessment of neurosurgical resident academic productivity during training to date. New benchmarks for individual and department academic productivity are provided. A supportive research environment for neurosurgical residents is associated with increased academic productivity, but a scholarly activity requirement was, surprisingly, not shown to have a positive effect 1).