(from the Greek: χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, “hand”, and ἔργον, “work”), via Latin: chirurgiae, meaning “hand work”) is an ancient medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, or to help improve bodily function or appearance.

True obligatory standards for surgery do not exist. The operation rather depends on other skills like the experience or education of the surgeon or technical and clinical infrastructure.

see Neurosurgery

see Operative neurosurgery

see Microsurgery

see Tumor surgery

see Approaches

  • surgery.txt
  • Last modified: 2017/01/05 15:26
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