There have been attempts in the past to classify thoracolumbar injury in different ways: according to mechanisms of injury
, differentiating between flexion and distraction injuries
A widely used model for thoracolumbar spine stability is the 3 column of Denis.
see Denis Classification and Three column model.
see McAfee classification.
see AOSpine Thoracolumbar Classification System.
see Thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score.
see Magerl classification of thoracolumbar spinal fractures.