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Transgender individuals may receive long-term hormonal treatment as part of their sexual transition; limited literature has suggested that they consequently may be predisposed to development of prolactinomas. We questioned whether we had encountered such cases. Pathology databases were searched for the years 2000-2019 for tissue specimens from transgender individuals; Sixty surgical specimens from 58 individuals and 8 cytology specimens were identified. Two of these 60 were pituitary adenomas, neither of which were lactotroph adenomas (prolactinomas).The first occurred in a 71-year-old transgender male-to-female who had undergone high-dose hormone therapy, followed by orchiectomy 30 years prior. Chronic hypertension, dizziness, and vertigo prompted an endocrine workup which revealed elevated IGF-1 and prolactin; The pituitary mass proved to be a mixed somatotroph/lactotroph adenoma. The second occurred in a 53-year-old transgender male-to-female who was being evaluated by an endocrinologist prior to initiating hormone therapy for transition when a slightly elevated prolactin level was discovered. This pituitary macroadenoma proved to be a gonadotroph adenoma. The most common surgical specimens were 33 bilateral mastectomies, 13 hysterectomies, and 4 orchiectomies, almost all for gender transition purposes rather than medical conditions. Pathologists may wish to be aware of the occurrence of pituitary adenomas in transgender individuals, although the incidence is quite low 1).

Kleinschmidt-DeMasters BK. Pituitary Adenomas in Transgender Individuals? J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2019 Nov 5. pii: nlz118. doi: 10.1093/jnen/nlz118. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31769844.
transgender.txt · Last modified: 2019/12/05 00:19 by administrador