tuohy_needle

A Tuohy needle is a hollow hypodermic needle, very slightly curved at the end, suitable for inserting epidural catheters. Close-up of needle and catheter tip, showing the curved end at the needle's tip.

The needle features an anti-coring curve at its tip (as shown in the picture above left) designed to cause a catheter passing through the needle's lumen to exit laterally at a 45 degree angle.

Literally, an epidural needle is simply a needle that is placed into the epidural space. To provide continuous epidural analgesia or anesthesia, a small hollow catheter may be threaded through the epidural needle into the epidural space, and left there while the needle is removed. There are multiple types of epidural needles as well as catheters, but in modern practice in developed nations, disposable materials are used to ensure sterility.

Epidural needles are designed with a curved tip to help prevent puncture of the dural membrane. But following accidental dural puncture, headache occurs in up to 85% of patients causing significant perioperative morbidity.

However, in the inadvertent case dural perforation, the incidence of headache can be lowered by identifying the epidural space with the needle bevel oriented parallel to the longitudinal dural fibers which limits the size of the subsequent dural tear.

Types of epidural needles include:

  The Crawford Needle
  
  The Tuohy Needle
  
  The Hustead Needle
  
  The Weiss Needle
  
  The Sprotte Spezial Needle
  

Other Epidural Needles : Other less popular types are the Wagner needle (1957), the Cheng needle(1958), the Crawley needle (1968), the Foldes needle (1973), and the Bell needle (1975)—all variants of the Huber design with a blunted tip of varying sharpness.

Variants like the Brace needle, a Crawford variant; the Lutz epidural needle (1963), with a pencil-point design for single-shot epidural use; the Scott needle (1985), a Tuohy needle with a Luer lock hub; and the Eldor needle (1993), designed for use with combined spinal epidural anesthesia.

Though Ralph L. Huber, a Seattle dentist was the inventor of this needle, it is known in the name of Edward Boyce Tuohy, a 20th-century U.S anesthesiologist who first popularized it in 1945.

  • tuohy_needle.txt
  • Last modified: 2015/06/05 11:21
  • (external edit)