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Wakefulness is a daily recurring brain state and state of consciousness in which an individual is conscious and engages in coherent cognitive and behavioral responses to the external world such as communication, ambulation, eating, and sex. Being awake is the opposite of the state of being asleep in which most external inputs to the brain are excluded from neural processing.

Impaired wakefulness (IW) in normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is associated with reduced relative regional cerebral blood flow (rrCBF) in the anterior cingulate cortex. Improved wakefulness following surgery corresponds to rrCBF increments in the frontal association cortex 1).

Tullberg M, Hellström P, Piechnik SK, Starmark JE, Wikkelsö C. Impaired wakefulness is associated with reduced anterior cingulate CBF in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus. Acta Neurol Scand. 2004 Nov;110(5):322-30. PubMed PMID: 15476461.
wakefulness.txt · Last modified: 2016/09/05 21:47 (external edit)