A study investigated the effects of a synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 (WIN) on VaD, and molecular mechanisms of the effects. VaD model was induced by 2-vessel occlusion (2VO). Spatial reference learning was evaluated by the Morris water maze, and recognition memory was assessed using the novel object recognition test. Autophagy-related proteins [microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC-3) and Beclin-1] were examined by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. Caspase-3 was detected by Western blot. Inflammatory factors, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), were estimated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot. VaD increased the levels of LC-3, Beclin-1, and inflammatory factors, which were reversed by chronic treatment with WIN. WIN decreased the expression of Capase-3, and improved the learning and memory impairment of VaD rats. These data indicate that WIN exerts a neuroprotective effect on the cognitive deficits of VaD rats, which may be associated with the suppression of excessive autophagy and inflammation 1).

Wang DP, Yin H, Kang K, Lin Q, Su SH, Hai J. The potential protective effects of cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 on cognitive dysfunction is associated with the suppression of autophagy and inflammation in an experimental model of vascular dementia. Psychiatry Res. 2018 Jun 14;267:281-288. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.06.012. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29945070.
  • win55_212-2.txt
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